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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 591-594, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345147

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aiming at disclosing the semiotic method used in the diagnosis of pityriasis versicolor, the authors go through the history of the creation of Zirelí sign, describing the method, its usefulness and practicality in dermatological clinical practice, whether public or private, and to give credit to the author of this semiological maneuver, in memoriam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tinea Versicolor/diagnosis , Malassezia , Research Design
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 120-124, maio 5, 2021. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355053

ABSTRACT

Introduction: dermatophytoses or "tineas" are characterized by being mycoses caused by fungi of the genera Epidermophyton, Trichophyton and Microsporum. These mycotic infections can present themselves as a form of lesions that affect the skin, hair and nails of individuals of both genders and all ages. Objective: to elucidate the epidemiological profile of dermatophytoses in patients examined by a private clinical analysis laboratory in João Pessoa-PB, between 2015 and 2019. Methodology: this is an epidemiological, analytical, retrospective and documentary study, in which data collection took place at the Clinical Pathology Laboratory ­ "HEMATO", located in João Pessoa ­ PB. Results: the profile of those affected was predominantly female (58.5%), 18 to 59 years old (38.4%), white (53.6%) and with lesions, mainly in skin glabrous (38.5%), feet (33.3%) and nails (12.8%). When relating the age group to the injury site, it was noticed that injuries on glabrous skin, feet and nails, were more frequent in individuals aged 18 to 59 years, while injuries to the scalp were mostly found in individuals younger than 18 years old. The most prevalent species were M. canis (31.9%) and T.rubrum (31.9%). When correlating the fungal species with the lesion site, it was noted that M. canis was the main agent responsible for lesions in glabrous skin, scalp and hands, while T. rubrum was predominantly observed in nails and T. mentagrophytes in feet. Conclusion: it is concluded that the data present in this research can promote the development of indicators and public policies for the population most susceptible to dermatophytosis.


Introdução: dermatofitoses ou tineas se caracterizam por serem micoses causadas por fungos dos gêneros Epidermophyton, Trichophyton e Microsporum. Essas infecções micóticas podem se apresentar na forma de lesões que acometem pele, pelo e unhas de indivíduos de ambos os gêneros e todas as idades. Objetivo: elucidar o perfil epidemiológico de dermatofitoses de pacientes atendidos por um laboratório privado de análises clínicas em João Pessoa-PB, entre 2015 a 2019. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico, analítico, retrospectivo e documental, em que a coleta de dados ocorreu no Laboratório de Patologia Clínica ­ HEMATO, localizado em João Pessoa ­ PB. Resultados: o perfil de acometidos foi predominantemente de indivíduos do sexo feminino (58,5%), com 18 a 59 anos de idade (38,4%), brancos (53,6%) e com lesões, principalmente, em pele glabra (38,5%), pés (33,3%) e unhas (12,8%). Ao relacionar a faixa etária com o local da lesão, percebeu-se que lesões em pele glabra, pés e unhas, foram mais frequentes em indivíduos de 18 a 59 anos, enquanto que lesões no couro cabeludo foram majoritariamente encontradas em indivíduos menos de 18 anos. As espécies mais prevalentes foram M. canis (31,9%) e T. rubrum (31,9%). Ao correlacionar a espécie fúngica com o local da lesão, notou-se que M. canis foi o principal agente responsável por lesões em pele glabra, couro cabeludo e mãos, enquanto T. rubrum foi predominantemente observado em unhas e T. mentagrophytes em pés. Conclusão: os dados obtidos nesta pesquisa podem fomentar o desenvolvimento de indicadores e políticas públicas para a população mais susceptível às dermatofitoses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tinea , Arthrodermataceae , Fungi , Analytical Methods , Epidemiologic Methods , Retrospective Studies
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(1): 91-93, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152793

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fungal infections by dermatophytes can present with unusual clinical manifestations, which can cause diagnostic difficulties. The authors present the case of a patient with cutaneous infection by Nanizzia gypsea, initially treated erroneously with topical corticosteroids due to a wrong diagnosis. It was cured after antifungal treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tinea/drug therapy , Delayed Diagnosis , Tinea/diagnosis , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911741

ABSTRACT

Twenty pediatric patients with kerion were treated in Department of Dermatology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University from January 2014 to June 2020. The general information, clinical manifestations, laboratory test results, treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 7 females aged from 2 to 10 years. Thirteen patients had a history of contact with animals, 4 had contact with parents with tinea. All patients had alopecia, 6 cases presented with inflammatory mass, 14 presented with abscessus; some patients had regional lymphadenopathy and febrile. Four cases were misdiagnosed as abscesses caused by bacterial infection and underwent incision leading to deep ulcers. A total of 13 fungal strains were isolated, including 4 strains of Microsporum gypseum, 3 strains of Trichophyton rubrum, 2 strains of Microsporum canis, the others were Trichophyton tonsurans and Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Fusarium. All patients were treated with fluconazole, concomitantly with topical antifungals and He-Ne laser, 19 of whom were cured. It is suggested that kerion characterized by inflammatory lesions is likely to be misdiagnosed. Fungal examination can confirm the diagnosis of kerion, and fluconazole is effective for treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 741-743, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911518

ABSTRACT

Tinea of vellus hair is caused by dermatophyte infection of vellus hairs, and commonly affects children. It usually occurs on the face, and clinically manifests as annular or semi-annular erythema gradually spreading to the surrounding area, with central clearing and a slightly elevating border covered with papules and papulovesicles. Intense inflammation, which may manifest as pustules, erosions, exudation, scales and crusts, can be observed in patients with severe tinea of vellus hair. Direct microscopy of fungi showed abundant hyphae and/or spores on vellus hairs. Topical antifungal therapy is usually ineffective, and systemic antifungal therapy should be considered. In order to reduce the high rate of missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis, and to improve clinicians′ understanding of this disease, this review summarizes the incidence, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of tinea of vellus hair.

6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213360

ABSTRACT

Foreign body in urinary bladder is not an uncommon entity. Mostly it happens due to iatrogenic reasons or for sexual gratification. Here we are reporting a common foreign body in urinary bladder with a rare cause which is not reported in literature earlier. A 50-year-old married man referred from village with history of inserting electric wire in urethra and X-ray pelvis showing coiled metallic foreign body in the bladder region. There was dysuria, burning and sometimes hematuria. All other investigations were normal. On examination his both groins and perianal region were involved with Tinea cruris. Patient told that he had intense itching which was not benefitted by skin treatment. He himself started doing some manipulation in urethra with a piece of wire to get some relief in itching. The metallic wire was removed by cystoscopy under spinal anaesthesia and C-arm guidance. Post-operative course was uneventful, and patient was sent to dermatologist for treatment of Tinea cruris. After 1 month there were no urinary symptoms and patient had improvement in Tinea symptoms. We recommend that whenever anyone comes across a case of foreign body in urinary bladder, detailed history should be taken, and local examination should be done to find any organic cause for the same and treated to prevent recurrence and stigma to the patient.

7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-202966

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dermatophytosis is a common superficialmycosis associated with significant morbidity. Dermatophytosis which are recurrent and clinically unresponsive totherapy are showing an alarming increase in the last fewyears. These patients are a potential source of infection to theirfamily members and others closely associated with them. Ourstudy aimed to investigate the risk factors, clinical patternsand causative dermatophyte species in patients with chronic/recurrent dermatophytosis and patients with first episode oftypical tinea.Material And Methods: The enrolled patients werecategorized as group I consisting of 81 cases of chronic/recurrent dermatophytosis and group II consisting of 81 casesof first episode dermatophytosis. After detailed history andthorough clinical examination, wet-mount preparation fordirect microscopic examination was done along with fungalculture using Sabouraud’s dextrose agar.Results: In group I, T.mentagrophytes (51.7%) was themost common species isolated followed by T tonsurans(26.7%) and T rubrum(18.3%) while in group II, T tonsurans(43.3%) was the most common species isolated followed byT rubrum (28.4%)and T mentagrophytes(23.9%). Injudicioususe of topical steroids, non-compliance with treatment andpresence of dermatophyte infection among family memberswere the major risk factors with significant association withchronic/recurrent infections. Limitations: Lack of follow upof cases, antifungal susceptibility with clinical outcome andImmunological profile of the patients was not studied.Conclusion: Chronic and recurrent dermatophytosis areemerging as a major problem in dermatology practice.Injudicious use of topical steroid containing preparations,non-compliance, presence of intrafamilial infection are majorfactors for chronic and recurrent infections.

8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 372-375, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130880

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pseudomycetoma is an extremely rare deep mycosis, caused by dermatophytic fungi that penetrate the tissue from infected follicles of tinea capitis. Both clinically and histopathology are similar to eumycetoma, being distinguished through the isolation of the fungus, which in the case of pseudomycetoma can be Microsporum spp. or Trichophyton spp. genre. We present a 24-year-old man with an exuberant tumor in the occipital region with fistula, whose histopathological examination evidenced grains composed of hyaline hyphae and the culture for fungi isolated the agent Microsporum canis. Combined treatment of surgical excision followed by oral griseofulvin for two years was performed, with resolution of the condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Scalp Dermatoses/microbiology , Dermatomycoses/microbiology , Mycetoma/microbiology , Microsporum/isolation & purification , Scalp Dermatoses/surgery , Scalp Dermatoses/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Dermatomycoses/surgery , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Immunocompetence , Mycetoma/surgery , Mycetoma/pathology
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 332-335, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130874

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tinea capitis comprising of tinea favosa and kerion is mostly seen in school-aged children. Some tinea capitis often presented with insignificant findings under the naked eyes are easily overlooked. The authors describe an unusual case of tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton violaceum. The patient was an 8-year-old girl, with a history of pruritus on the scalp for more than one year. A diagnosis of tinea capitis was confirmed by clinical examination aided by dermoscopy, calcium fluorescent microscopy and culture. Comma and corkscrew hairs are two specific dermoscopic patterns of tinea capitis. The patient was treated with systemic itraconazole, topical application with 1% naftifine 0.25% ketoconazole cream followed after daily hair wash with 2% ketoconazole shampoo for 8 weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Tinea Capitis/diagnostic imaging , Calcium , Microscopy, Fluorescence/methods , Tinea Capitis/pathology , Trichophyton/isolation & purification , Reproducibility of Results , Dermoscopy/methods
10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200580

ABSTRACT

Background: Fungal infections of the skin were the 4th most common skin disease in 2010 affecting 984 million people. An estimated 20-25% of the world抯 population has some form of fungal infection. Dermatophytes are fungi that cause superficial infections of the skin, commonly referred to as tinea infections.Methods: This was a prospective and an observational study conducted from February 2018 to January 2019 in Dermatology Department. Prescriptions included all newly diagnosed patients with cutaneous fungal infection of both sex who attended dermatology OPD. Factors considered were sociodemographic parameters, the disease encountered and number of patients in each group and number of patients who received antifungal therapy (oral and topical) etc.Results: 1000 prescriptions were analysed of patients between 18 to 65 years of age with cutaneous fungal infections. There were a greater number of males (57.4%) than females (42.6%). The average number of antifungal drugs prescribed per prescription was 2.33. Majority of the patients were prescribed itraconazole (82.30%) followed by terbinafine (9.70%) and fluconazole (8.0%).Conclusions: The most common oral antifungal drug used was itraconazole. Ketoconazole and Terbinafine were the most commonly used topical agents respectively.

11.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(1): 131-138, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092798

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La onicomicosis (OM) es una infección fúngica de las uñas, cuyo principal agente causal es el Tricophytum rubrum. Si bien es una patología infrecuente en niños, se ha observado un aumento en la prevalencia en el último tiempo. Hasta la fecha, existen diversos estudios y guías clínicas de OM en adultos. Sin embargo, la literatura en edad pediátrica es escasa, lo que dificulta el tratamiento en pediatría. En el presente articulo se revisa la literatura actual, los métodos diagnosticos de OM, datos epidemiológicos locales y globales, y se presentan las opciones de tratamiento disponibles conside rando su eficacia y perfil de seguridad en población pediátrica.


Abstract: Onychomycosis (OM) is a fungal infection of the nails, whose main etiologic agent is Trichophytum rubrum. Although, it is an unusual pathology in children, in the last years an increase in its preva lence has been observed. To date, there are several studies and clinical guidelines for OM in adults. However, literature in children is scarce, which makes pediatric treatment difficult. The objective of this publication was to review the current literature in order to establish diagnostic methods for OM, national and international epidemiological data, and to provide treatment options taking into account their efficiency and safety profile in the pediatric population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Onychomycosis/diagnosis , Onychomycosis/microbiology , Onychomycosis/drug therapy , Onychomycosis/epidemiology , Pediatrics , Global Health , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200501

ABSTRACT

Background: The objective of the present study was to compare the efficacy of terbinafine and griseofulvin in patients with tinea corporis in a tertiary care hospital, Madurai.Methods: About 60 patients are selected from the outpatient department of Dermatology according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were divided into 2 groups of 30 patients each. Group 1 received tab. terbinafine 250 mg OD and group 2 received 250 mg BD for 4 weeks. All patients were investigated at baseline, end of 2nd week and at end of 4 weeks. Effectiveness of both the drugs were determined by achieving clinical as well as mycological cure. The results were recorded, tabulated and analysed using student抯 t test.Results: Patients in group 1 showed higher clinical and mycological cure rate when compared with group 2.Conclusions: Oral terbinafine is the effective antifungal agent in the treatment of extensive tinea corporis infection.

13.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215037

ABSTRACT

Dermatophytes are fungi that infects the skin, hair and nails. They are hyaline septate moulds with more than hundred species described. Of these, 42 species are considered as valid and less than half are associated with human diseases. Dermatophytoses are infections produced by these and are common in tropical and subtropical areas of the country with high humidity.1 We wanted to speciate dermatophytes using phenotypic methods, analyze the risk factors, and study their clinical correlation.METHODSThe study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in South India over a period of one year. All newly suspected cases of dermatophytosis attending Dermatology Outpatient Department were selected for the study. Thus, a total of 113 patients were enrolled in the study. Samples from these patients were subjected to direct microscopy and culture was done on Sabouraud Dextrose Agar with antibiotics. Potato dextrose agar was used for enhancement of pigment production. Culture confirmation and speciation were done by tease mount, slide culture and supplemental tests like urease test and hair perforation test. RESULTSThe present study was carried out on 113 clinically diagnosed cases of dermatophytoses. Maximum number of cases occurred in the 11-20 years age group and slight female preponderance was noted. Tinea corporis was the most common type of dermatophytosis, 68 cases (60.2%) followed by mixed type (tinea corporis + tinea cruris) 14 cases (12.4%) and tinea cruris 13 cases (11.5%). Overall positivity by culture was 39% and by direct microscopy 96%. Trichophyton rubrum was the most predominant species - 18 isolates (38.3%) and most of them were isolated from tinea corporis. Trichophyton verrucosum (25.5%) and Trichophyton mentagrophyte (21.3%) were also obtained as major isolates.CONCLUSIONSThis study highlighted that tinea corporis is the commonest clinical type. Trichophyton rubrum is the most predominant species. But we got a fairly good number of Trichophyton verrucosum and Trichophyton mentagrophyte also. Exposure to predisposing factors were present in almost half of the cases. Dermatophytosis is a trivial disease and antifungal agents are the drugs of choice for treatment but identification of predisposing factors and avoidance of these can decrease the incidence of the disease to some extent

14.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 109-114, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811088

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is a cutaneous infection of dermatophytes and predominant in children. Although tinea capitis in Korea is controlled by oral antifungal medications and concerted public health initiatives, it's still a health issue.OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of adult patients with tinea capitis in southeastern Korea.METHODS: Using medical records from Kyungpook National University Hospital and Catholic Skin Clinic from 1989 to 2018, we retrospectively investigated the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of 266 adult patients (aged over 20) with tinea capitis.RESULTS: Among total 266 patients, 239 were KOH-positive. The annual incidence of tinea capitis ranged from 3 to 18 between 1989 and 2018. Of the total, 54 (20.30%) were male and 212 (79.70%) were female. Eighty patients (30.08%) were in their seventies, the most commonly affected age group. Of the remaining, 58 (21.80%) were in their sixties, and 41 (15.41%) in eighties. Among all, 77 (28.95%) visited the hospital in summer, 72 (27.07%) in spring, 64 (24.06%) in winter, and 53 (19.92%) in fall. Dermatophytes were cultured from 171 patients. Microsporum canis was the most common dermatophyte (42.48%), while Trichophyton rubrum was the second (15.79%). Of the 266 patients, 186 (69.92%) lived in urban areas and 80 (30.08%) in rural areas.CONCLUSION: The epidemiological and mycological characteristics of adult patients with tinea capitis were different from those of children in terms of annual incidence, sex distribution, and isolated dermatophytes. These results provide useful information for the treatment and prevention of tinea capitis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthrodermataceae , Child , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Medical Records , Microsporum , Public Health , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Skin , Tinea Capitis , Tinea , Trichophyton
15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-205309

ABSTRACT

Background: A huge number of patients in our country are affected by Tinea Corporis (TC). The number of patients affected by dermatophytosis has increased by a large extent in the last 4 to 5 years. The quality of life in TC patients can be affected by various factors including the disease morbidity, duration of disease, social & demographic factors. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study is to find out the effect of TC on the quality of life of the affected patients & along with that to assess whether there is some association of this effect on quality of life with some demographic & clinical factors. Methods: The effect on quality of life of 328 patients affected by TC who attended the Dermatology outpatient’s department of NRS Medical College was assessed using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire. Results: 12 (3.658 %) of the patients had an extremely large effect on quality of life. There was a very large effect on the QOL of 121 (36.890 %) patients. There was moderate effect on 134 (40.853 %) of the patients. There was a small effect on 59 (17.987 %) of the patients. 2 (0.609 %) patients had no effect on their QOL. Duration of disease & body surface area involved have significant impacts on QOL. Conclusion: The quality of life is adversely affected by TC. Early detection & treatment of the disease is very important. Steps must be taken to increase awareness about the disease among the general population.

16.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 11(2): 19-29, DICIEMBRE 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1046298

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la tiña de la cabeza es una micosis superficial producida por dermatofitos, más común en niños y excepcional en los adultos. Objetivo: conocer las características epidemiológicas y micológicas de la tiña de la cabeza en pacientes que acudieron al Centro de Especialidades Dermatológicas en la ciudad de San Lorenzo. Metodología: estudio observacional retrospectivo de corte transverso, donde se analizaron fichas y registros de todos los pacientes con sospecha clínica de tiña de la cabeza remitidos al laboratorio del Centro de Especialidades Dermatológicas en el periodo julio 2017 - agosto 2019. Los pacientes fueron sometidos a estudios micológicos directos y cultivos para la confirmación del diagnóstico e identificación del agente etiológico. Se consideró el sexo, edad, residencia, posesión de mascotas domésticas y agente etiológico aislado. Resultados: se estudiaron 132 pacientes con diagnóstico de tiña de la cabeza, 69 (52.3 %) varones y 63 (47.7 %) mujeres. La edad de presentación fue desde 1 año hasta 14 años, con una media de 5 años. El principal agente etiológico aislado fue Microsporum canis 99/132 (75 %) seguido de Trichophyton tonsurans 29/132 (22 %). Conclusiones: los hallazgos epidemiológicos obtenidos coinciden con otros trabajos científicos, destacándose M. canis y T. tonsurans como los principales agentes etiológicos.


Introduction: tinea capitis is a superficial mycosis produced by dermatophytes, more common in children and exceptional in adults. Objectives: to know the epidemiological and mycological characteristics of tinea capitis in patients who were attended in the Dermatological Specialties Center of San Lorenzo. Methodology: retrospective, observational and cross-sectional study, in which the files and records of all patients with clinical suspicion of tinea capitis, referred to the laboratory of the Dermatological Specialties Center in the period july 2017 - august 2019 were analyzed. The patients underwent direct mycological studies and cultures for confirmation of the diagnosis and identification of the etiologic agent. The sex, age, residence, possession of domestic pets and isolated etiological agent were considered. Results: 132 patients with a diagnosis of tinea capitis, 69 (52.3 %) men and 63 (47.7 %) women were studied. The age of presentation was from 1 year to 14 years, with an average of 5 years. The main etiological agent isolated was Microsporum canis 99/132 (75 %) followed by Trichophyton tonsurans 29/132 (22 %). Conclusions: the epidemiological findings obtained are agree with other scientific studies, highlighting M. canis and T. tonsurans as the main etiological agents.

17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 612-614, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054855

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tinea incognito resulting from corticosteroid abuse is becoming very common in the tropics. Its diagnosis is tricky owing to its confusing morphology, as well as practical and technical issues associated with mycological tests. Dermoscopy has now evolved as a novel diagnostic tool for diagnosing tinea incognito in such challenging situations, since the typical hair changes such as Morse-code hairs, deformable hairs, translucent hairs, comma and cork screw hairs, and perifollicular scaling may be seen despite steroid use, irrespective of mycological results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Tinea/pathology , Tinea/diagnostic imaging , Dermoscopy/methods , Tinea/etiology , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/adverse effects , Hair/pathology
18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200231

ABSTRACT

Background: In a hot and humid country like India, the prevalence of superficial mycotic infections is on the rise due to contributing environmental and demographic factors. In this study, we sought to assess the efficacies of two oral antifungal drugs, Itraconazole (a traditional azole) and Terbinafine (the only orally available allylamine). The two drugs were analyzed to see whether they differed significantly in their cure rates of tinea cruris. Since data, that compares only systemically administered Itraconazole and Terbinafine in the treatment of tinea cruris, is limited, this study becomes imperative.Methods: 60 patients, all clinically confirmed cases of tinea cruris and belonging to the age group of 18-65 years, were recruited for this prospective study. Patients were then randomly divided into groups A and B and followed-up for a month. Group A received cap. Itraconazole 100 mg, twice a day, for 15 days while group B received tab. Terbinafine 250 mg, once a day, for 4 weeks. Both groups were given topical 2% Sertaconazole that had to be continued for 8 weeks. During the 4 visits, scores for the 3 parameters (erythema, pruritis and scaling) were calculated and recorded for statistical analysis.Results: Authors observed that majority of the patients were exposed to hot and humid environment that contributed to sweating and poor personal hygiene. The changes in scores of erythema, pruritis and scaling from the baseline visit for both, Itraconazole and Terbinafine, were statistically significant at week 4 with P < 0.05 for all parameters. But the difference between the scores of the two drugs was not found to be statistically significant.Conclusions: Although the sample size of this study was small and the data was limited, findings of this study supported that both Itraconazole and Terbinafine were highly effective in the treatment of tinea cruris.

19.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2019 May; 85(3): 276-281
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-192492

ABSTRACT

Background: Dermatophytosis is becoming increasingly unresponsive to conventional antifungals. Newer topical antifungals may be more effective in these patients. Aims: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of amorolfine 0.25% cream and sertaconazole 2% cream in limited tinea cruris/corporis. Methods: A single-center, randomized (1:1), double-blind, parallel group, active-controlled trial (CTRI/2014/12/005246) was performed. Sixty-six untreated adults with acutely symptomatic tinea cruris/corporis were included in the study. All patients had limited cutaneous involvement and were KOH mount positive. Group A received amorolfine 0.25% cream, and group B received sertaconazole 2% cream twice daily application to the lesions for 4 weeks. After the baseline visit, four follow-up visits were carried out. The outcome measures for effectiveness were clinical and mycological cure. Safety parameters studied were treatment-emergent adverse events and changes in routine laboratory parameters. Results: Both sertaconazole and amorolfine significantly reduced symptoms (P < 0.001) in both groups. However, improvement in symptoms (pruritus, burning sensation, erythema, scaling and crusting) was significantly greater in the sertaconazole group at every follow-up visit. Sertaconazole cream was also more effective than amorolfine cream in reducing the number of lesions (P = 0.002 at 12 weeks) and improving the Dermatology Life Quality Index (P < 0.001) at all the follow-up visits. Adverse events were similar in the two groups (P = 0.117). Fungal cultures became negative in 92.3% of the sertaconazole group as compared to 80% in the amorolfine group (P = 0.010). Limitations: Antifungal susceptibility testing could not be done. Conclusion: Sertaconazole 2% is superior to amorolfine 0.25%, both in terms of effectiveness and tolerability. Improvement can be appreciated from second week onwards.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211278

ABSTRACT

Background: Dermatophytosis is a commonly encountered superficial fungal infection in the tropical and subtropical countries. The present study was undertaken to study the clinicomycological profile of dermatophytosis and perform antifungal susceptibility testing for the isolated dermatophytes.Methods: This is 2 years cross- sectional observational study including 433 clinically suspected cases of dermatophytoses. Skin, hair and nails were collected, subjected to direct microscopy by Potassium hydroxide (KOH) mount and culture on Sabouraud’s Dextrose Agar (SDA) with chloramphenicol and cycloheximide. Positive growth on culture media was further identified by LPCB mount, slide culture test, growth on Dermatophyte Test Medium, pigment production in corn meal agar with 1% dextrose, urease test and hair perforation test. The isolated dermatophytes were subjected to antifungal susceptibility testing by agar based disc diffusion method.Results: Out of 433 samples, fungal filaments were seen in 308 (71.1%) samples by KOH mount, 259 (59.8%) dermatophytes were isolated from culture. Males (60.5%) were more commonly affected than females (39.5%). Most common age group affected was 21-30 years. Trichophyton mentagrophytes (57.5%) was the most common isolate followed by Trichophyton rubrum (30.1%). Tinea corporis was the most common clinical presentation (52.7%) followed by Tinea unguium (14.1%). Antifungal susceptibility testing showed itraconazole as the most sensitive antifungal agent, while fluconazole was least sensitive.Conclusions: This study provides a scope for assessment of prevalence and clinicomycological profile, which could help in estimation of the problem and hence prevent spread of dermatophytoses with adequate control measures.

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