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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908784

ABSTRACT

The first combined experimental and theoretical study on the ionization and lipophilic properties of peptide nucleic acid(PNA)derivatives,including eleven PNA monomers and two PNA decamers,is described.The acidity constants(pKa)of individual acidic and basic centers of PNA monomers were measured by automated potentiometric pH titrations in water/methanol solution,and these values were found to be in agreement with those obtained by MoKa software.These results indicate that single nucleobases do not change their pKa values when included in PNA monomers and oligomers.In addition,immobilized artificial membrane chromatography was employed to evaluate the lipophilic properties of PNA monomers and oligomers,which showed the PNA derivatives had poor affinity towards membrane phospholipids,and confirmed their scarce cell penetrating ability.Overall,our study not only is of po-tential relevance to evaluate the pharmacokinetic properties of PNA,but also constitutes a reliable basis to properly modify PNA to obtain mimics with enhanced cell penetration properties.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2655-2669, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888878

ABSTRACT

Peptide inhibition of the interactions of the tumor suppressor protein P53 with its negative regulators MDM2 and MDMX activates P53

3.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 285-292, set. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130603

ABSTRACT

Los posibles efectos adversos que se producen en transfusiones incompatibles ABO son un riesgo latente en el uso de concentrados de plaquetas grupo O, por lo que la titulación de hemolisinas anti-A/B constituye una de las estrategias para su prevención. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia de títulos de hemolisinas de isotipos IgG e IgM anti-A/B en donantes de sangre. Se trató de un estudio descriptivo, transversal y aleatorio simple con un tamaño muestral de 308 muestras. Se aplicó la metodología en tubo, gel salino y anti-inmunoglobulina IgG y, mediante soluciones seriadas, se evidenció el título. Adicionalmente, se realizó una encuesta sobre los posibles factores de riesgo para el aumento de estos títulos. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva mediante el uso del software informático SPSS versión 22.0 y la relación entre variables independientes a través del análisis estadístico de Chi-cuadrado y, para establecer la concordancia de las lecturas visuales de las tarjetas de gel, se aplicó el índice kappa. Se determinó la existencia de hemolisinas de isotipo IgG e IgM anti-A/B de títulos superiores a 1/64. Existió una relación estadísticamente significativa entre embarazos y títulos de IgG anti-A/B >1/128 y el aumento de hemolisinas de isotipo IgM y la ingesta de probióticos. Los resultados demostraron la necesidad de implementar la titulación de hemolisinas previo a la transfusión de concentrados plaquetarios no isogrupo, por lo que se recomienda una investigación de riesgo-beneficio y el seguimiento de pacientes con transfusiones de concentrados plaquetarios incompatibles ABO.


The possible adverse effects that occur in incompatible ABO transfusions are a latent risk in the use of group O platelet concentrates, so the titration of anti-A/B hemolysins is one of the strategies for its prevention. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of hemolysins titers IgG and IgM anti-A/B isotypes in blood donours. It was a simple randomized descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample size of 308 samples. The methodology was applied in tube, saline gel and anti-IgG anti-immunoglobulin and by means of serial solutions the title was verified. Additionally, a survey was conducted on the possible risk factors for the increase in securities. Descriptive statistics were used through the application of the SPSS version 22.0 software and the relationship between independent variables through the Chi-square statistical analysis and the kappa index was applied to match the visual readings of the gel cards. The existence of IgG and IgM anti-A/B isotype hemolysins of titers greater than 1/64 was determined. There was a statistically significant relationship between pregnancies and anti-A/B IgG titres>1/128; and the increase in IgM isotype hemolysins and probiotic intake. The results demonstrate the need to implement hemolysin titration prior to transfusion of non-isogroup platelet concentrates, so a risk-benefit investigation and follow-up of patients with transfusions of ABO incompatible platelet concentrates is recommended.


Os possíveis efeitos adversos que ocorrem em transfusões incompatíveis ABO são um risco latente no uso de concentrados de plaquetas do grupo O, portanto a titulação de hemolisinas anti-A/B é uma das estratégias para sua prevenção. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência de títulos de hemolisinas de isotipos IgG e IgM anti-A/B em doadores de sangue. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo transversal aleatório simples, com tamanho de amostra de 308 amostras. A metodologia foi aplicada em tubo, gel salino e anti-imunoglobulina IgG e utilizando soluções em série, o título foi verificado. Além disso, foi realizada uma pesquisa sobre os possíveis fatores de risco para o aumento destes títulos. A estatística descritiva foi utilizada através da aplicação do software informático SPSS versão 22.0 e a relação entre variáveis independentes por meio da análise estatística do qui-quadrado e, para estabelecer a concordância com as leituras visuais dos cartões de gel, o índice kappa foi aplicado. Foi determinada a existência de hemolisinas de isotipo IgG e IgM anti-A/B de títulos maiores que 1/64. Existiu uma relação estatisticamente significante entre gestações e títulos de IgG anti-A/B>1/128; e o aumento de hemolisinas do isotipo IgM e a ingestão de probióticos. Os resultados demonstram a necessidade de implementar a titulação da hemolisina antes da transfusão de concentrados de plaquetas não isogrupo, por isso, recomenda-se uma investigação de risco-benefício e acompanhamento de pacientes com transfusões de concentrados de plaquetas incompatíveis com ABO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Platelets , Immunoglobulin Isotypes/blood , Software , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Immunoglobulins , Risk Factors , Probiotics , Hemolysin Proteins , Volunteers , Blood , Blood Donors , Risk , Statistical Analysis , Morbidity , Titrimetry , Aftercare , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Disease Prevention
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2272-2298, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881111

ABSTRACT

Multiple cancer immunotherapies including chimeric antigen receptor T cell and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been successfully developed to treat various cancers by motivating the adaptive anti-tumor immunity. Particularly, the checkpoint blockade approach has achieved great clinic success as evidenced by several U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved anti-programmed death receptor 1/ligand 1 or anti-cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein 4 antibodies. However, the majority of cancers have low clinical response rates to these ICIs due to poor tumor immunogenicity. Indeed, the cyclic guanosine monophosphate-adenosine monophosphate synthase‒stimulator of interferon genes‒TANK-binding kinase 1 (cGAS‒STING‒TBK1) axis is now appreciated as the major signaling pathway in innate immune response across different species. Aberrant signaling of this pathway has been closely linked to multiple diseases, including auto-inflammation, virus infection and cancers. In this perspective, we provide an updated review on the latest progress on the development of small molecule modulators targeting the cGAS‒STING‒TBK1 signaling pathway and their preclinical and clinical use as a new immune stimulatory therapy. Meanwhile, highlights on the clinical candidates, limitations and challenges, as well as future directions in this field are also discussed. Further, small molecule inhibitors targeting this signaling axis and their potential therapeutic use for various indications are discussed as well.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 330-334, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789019

ABSTRACT

The property of medicine is the "identity card" of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and the key to crack the theory of property of TCM. Based on molecular thermodynamics, the effects of interaction between TCM and organs in vitro were studied from the perspective of micro-energy release and absorption in order to construct a new idea of characterizing meridian theory. Scutellaria baicalensis, for example, application of isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) were used to determine the energy changes during the interaction of Scutellaria baicalensis and its main active ingredient baicalin with brain, heart, lung, spleen and kidney in vitro, comparison including the association constant (Ka) and disassociation constant (Kd), combined with thermodynamic parameters, such as stoichiometry ratio (n), enthalpy change (ΔH), entropy change (ΔS), Gibbs free energy (ΔG), it is found that the interaction intensity between Scutellaria baicalensis and lung is significantly stronger than that of other organs, which is consistent with the theory of the return of Scutellaria baicalensis in ancient books. In addition, baicalin, the main active ingredient, showed the same action pattern as Scutellaria baicalensis. The thermodynamic parameters analysis showed that the action was a weak bond-induced spontaneous chemical binding reaction driven by both entropy and enthalpy. The results of specific curl measurement further proved the interaction between baicalin and lung, and were consistent with the results of ITC titration, indicating that ITC could be used to characterize the meridian tropism of TCM. Therefore, based on ITC, it is scientific and feasible to characterize the meridian of TCM by the energy change of the interaction between the decoction of TCM and its active components and the in vitro tissues respectively. This experiment provides a new idea for the discussion of meridian of TCM.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842032

ABSTRACT

Objective: There are some anthraquinones, anthraquinones and flavonones in Sennae Folium which exhibited significant acidity, such as sennoside A/B and sennoside C/D. The current strategies used in separating these components are mainly based on conventional column chromatography which is time consuming, laborious and costly. This study is aimed at exploring a method of precipitation extraction of acid components in Sennae Folium. Using alkaloid as a “hook”, it is reasonable to use the principle of “acid-alkali complexation” to "fish" the acidic components in Sennae Folium. Methods: Isothermal titration calorimeter (ITC) was used to measure the extraction efficiency of different alkaloids. Then, alkaloid determined by ITC was mixed with extracting solution of Sennae Folium to form complex. High performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS2) was used to investigate the ingredients “fished” by berberine (Ber). The mechanism of “fishing” process was explained by ITC, optical activity, fluorescence spectrometry and scanning electron microscope. Results: The ITC results proved that the choice of “hook” was particularly important in the process of “fishing”. Among the hooks, the fishing efficiency of the isoquinoline alkaloids (Ber) was the highest, reaching 10.3%. Nine ingredients were detected and determined by HPLC-MS2, and the main components were sennoside A/B and sennoside C/D. Based on ITC test of Ber and sennoside A, the combination mechanism of the two ingredients was a chemical reaction with a nearly binding ratio (2:1). Fluorescence and optical properties of the active ingredients were changed after complexation. By scanning electron microscope, we found that two types of components had obviously self-assembled behavior during the formation process. Conclusion: Ber successfully “fished” the main acidic components, sennoside A/B and sennoside C/D, from Sennae Folium. Combined with different characterizations, the “fishing” process was determined as a chemical association reaction induced by electrostatic interaction or π-π stacking. Therefore, with special identification ability, the “fishing” process had the potential of practical application.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823984

ABSTRACT

An understanding of the thermodynamics of the complexation process utilized in sustaining drug release in clay matrices is of great importance. Several characterisation techniques as well as isothermal calo-rimetry were utilized in investigating the adsorption process of a model cationic drug (diltiazem hy-drochloride, DIL) onto a pharmaceutical clay system (magnesium aluminium silicate, MAS). X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and optical microscopy confirmed the successful formation of the DIL-MAS complexes. Drug quantification from the complexes demonstrated variable behaviour in the differing media used with DIL degrading to desacetyl diltiazem hydrochloride (DC-DIL) in the 2 M HCl media. Here also, the authors report for the first time two binding processes that occurred for DIL and MAS. A competitor binding model was thus proposed and the thermodynamics obtained suggested their binding processes to be enthalpy driven and entropically unfavourable. This information is of great importance for a formulator as care and consideration should be given with appropriate media selection as well as the nature of binding in complexes.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 746-765, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828845

ABSTRACT

Protein neddylation is a post-translational modification which transfers the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 to a lysine residue of the target substrate through a three-step enzymatic cascade. The best-known substrates of neddylation are cullin family proteins, which are the core component of Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRLs). Given that cullin neddylation is required for CRL activity, and CRLs control the turn-over of a variety of key signal proteins and are often abnormally activated in cancers, targeting neddylation becomes a promising approach for discovery of novel anti-cancer therapeutics. In the past decade, we have witnessed significant progress in the field of protein neddylation from preclinical target validation, to drug screening, then to the clinical trials of neddylation inhibitors. In this review, we first briefly introduced the nature of protein neddylation and the regulation of neddylation cascade, followed by a summary of all reported chemical inhibitors of neddylation enzymes. We then discussed the structure-based targeting of protein-protein interaction in neddylation cascade, and finally the available approaches for the discovery of new neddylation inhibitors. This review will provide a focused, up-to-date and yet comprehensive overview on the discovery effort of neddylation inhibitors.

9.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 25(2): 138-148, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1115756

ABSTRACT

Resumen Con el fin de establecer diferencias entre las escalas de valoración de riesgo de desarrollo de ulceras por presión (Braden y EVARUCI) en pacientes críticos, como los que se encuentran hospitalizados en las unidades de cuidado intensivo. Se realizó la validez de ambas escalas determinando la sensibilidad, especificidad y valores predictivos. Para el estudio se seleccionaron consecutivamente pacientes mayores de edad, sin ulceras por presión en cualquier estadio, que ingresaron para ser hospitalizados con diagnóstico de cualquier patología. Se determinó que no hubo una verdadera diferencia entre la sensibilidad de ambas escalas, que la especificidad de la escala de EVARUCI fue mayor al igual que el valor predictivo positivo y no se evidenció diferencias significativas en el valor predictivo negativo. Se pudo concluir que la escala de EVARUCI es un instrumento predictor valido para la detección del riesgo de desarrollo de UPP ya que además valora aspectos, como nivel de consciencia, estado hemodinámico, soporte de oxígeno, movilidad, temperatura, saturación, entre otros.


Abstract With the final purpose to establish difference between the titration scales of risk development pressure ulcers (Braden y EVARUCI) in critical patients, as those who are hospitalized in intensive care units. The validity of both scales was performed to determining the sensibility, the specificity and predictive values. For the study were selected consecutively patients of legal age, without pressure ulcers at any stage, who were admitted to be hospitalized with the diagnostic of any pathology. It was determined that there was not real difference between sensibility of both scales, that specificity of the scale of EVARUCI was higher like the positive predictive and evidence no significant differences in the negative predictive value. It was concluded that the scale of EVARUCI is the valid predictive instrument for the detection of the risk development for pressure ulcers, as besides valued aspects, like the level of consciousness, hemodynamic status, oxygen support, movility, tempeture, saturation, among others.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pressure Ulcer , Intensive Care Units , Predictive Value of Tests , Critical Care , Diagnosis
10.
Int J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2019 Aug; 11(8): 46-51
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-205933

ABSTRACT

Objective: It was aimed to determine the best storage temperature for fruits to achieve the highest quality of vitamin-C and to compare vitamin C concentration between commercial fruits juices and fresh fruit juices in by using Spectrophotometry and Titrimetric method Methods: Titration involved the redox reaction between iodine and vitamin C. As the iodine was added during the titration, the ascorbic acid was oxidized to dehydroascorbic acid, while the iodine was reduced to iodide ions. The Spectrophotometric method involved the coupling reaction of 2,4 dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) dye with Vitamin C. The samples were analyzed using UV-Vis-Spectrophotometer at 521 nm. Results: Titrimetric and spectroscopic methods were performed for fresh and marketed fruits comprising of apple, grapes, lemon, orange. The maximum amount was found in lemon and orange whereas apple and grapes contained lesser amount of Vitamin C. The stability of marketed fruit juices made up of apple, grapes, lemon, orange were analyzed by storing them on the freeze at 0 °C and 10 °C and on the hot air oven at 20 °C, 30 °C, 40 °C, 50 °C for 72 h and estimated by both Titrimetric and Spectroscopy method. UV-Spectroscopy method showed that, at freezing condition up to 10 °C temperature, degradation was too low but when the temperature reached 50 °C the extent of degradation was more, showing 24.56% apple juice, 10.89% orange juice,12.70% grapes juice and 50% orange juice were degraded in 100 ml sample. Similar results were observed by analysing the samples with titration technique. Conclusion: A new analytical method was developed to address the content of vitamin C in fruits consumed in the local market of Nepal along with the best possible storage of fruit juice to yield the maximum amount of nutrients.

11.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-203628

ABSTRACT

An abnormal condition which troubles a living organism is called a disease. Nowadays, the most common problems thepeople are affected by are the heart problems. Several times, they lead to death in most cases due to the lack of correctdiagnosis. The volume of data has been increasing rapidly in the area of health care. Predicting the heart problems is verydifficult for the physicians. It is intractable to find the interesting patterns among enormous volumes of data. To find those,pattern recognition can be used, and to discover the hidden knowledge, data mining can be used. There have been a largenumber of medical data sets available in the market. Among all types of heart diseases, Cardio Vascular Disease is a type.So, many researchers carried out their works in heart disease dataset with 13 attributes, and 15 attributes with various datamining methods. In this study, ranking method was used in preprocessing a stage with total of 17 attributes for strengtheningthe rate of accuracy. The Zero R and J48 algorithms from NN and Multilayer Perceptron & decision tree were appliedrespectively on the dataset. The classifiers’ performance was analyzed by error rate and time complexity with accuracy. Inthis research, Multilayer perceptron classifier showed high accuracy results with 13 attributes. Out of these three classifiers,J48 classifier gave high accuracy, minimum error rate and less time while using 17 attributes. Hence, these approaches canbe very useful to the physicians to take decisions at the proper time. This research work was entirely carried out by WEKA(Waikato Environment Knowledge Analysis) data mining tool.

12.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-192075

ABSTRACT

Abuse of tobacco, such as drug and alcohol abuse, is a worldwide public health problem. Once a person is addicted to nicotine, quitting smoking is difficult. A measure of the addictive potential of tobacco products is the amount of nicotine available from them. The present study is an attempt to assess the nicotine content of tobacco products available in Bhopal. Aims: This study aims to assess the nicotine content of some popular brands of smoked (cigarettes and bidis) and chewed forms (pan masalas containing tobacco) of tobacco available in Bhopal. Settings and Design: This was an in vitro cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods: Six brands of cigarettes (filtered), six brands of bidis, and six brands of chewed tobacco (pan masalas) were used for the study. The methodology published by Association of Official Analytical Chemists was followed, and reagents conforming to American Chemical Society specifications were used. Statistical Analysis Used: One-way ANOVA, Bonferroni post hoc test. Results: The mean nicotine levels for cigarettes, bidis, and chewed tobacco were 7.84 ± 5.10, 16.86 ± 5.66, and 16.30 ± 3.33, respectively. The differences in the mean scores were compared using one-way ANOVA and were found to be statistically significant with F = 6.636 and P = 0.009. Bonferroni post hoc test assessed the difference in mean nicotine content among the groups indicating that the difference between cigarettes versus bidis and cigarette versus chewed tobacco was significant with P = 0.016 and 0.024, respectively. Conclusions: Bidis had the highest content of nicotine, followed by chewed tobacco (pan masalas) and cigarettes.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706792

ABSTRACT

The management of refractory cancer pain remains a challenge for oncologists and pain physicians worldwide.Although a large number of patients with cancer pain benefit from oral analgesics in the early stages,single oral opioids tend to be less effective in patients with the advanced disease and refractory cancer pain;for this,intravenous opioid administration is the most commonly used rapid analgesic option.Currently,the increasing clinical use of opioid-patient controlled intravenous analgesia(PCIA)has generat-ed extensive discussion on its indications,drug selection,titration,and other related topics.In addition,with the rapid development of multimodal analgesia,the individualized measures for cancer pain management show a broader exploratory scope.We will review the above topics in this article with the hope of providing some references for treatment optimization in refractory cancer pain manage-ment.

14.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 943-945, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705635

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the valuation and uncertainty evaluation of the purity determination of aminopyrine by two different principle methods. Methods:According to Technical Norm of Primary Reference Material and Technical Norm of Measurement,HPLC and acid-base titration were selected for studying the valuation of the purity determination of aminopyrine, and the uncertainty evaluation of the two different principle methods was systematically evaluated. Results:By using the two different principle methods,the standard value and uncertainty of aminopyrine content was 99.66% ± 0.08%(k = 2,P = 0.95). Conclusion:The valuation and uncertainty evaluation of the purity determination of aminopyrine by using HPLC and acid-base titration are accurate and reliable,which can avoid the defects by using single analysis method,and is helpful to improve the level of quality evaluation and control of aminopyrine. The study provides scientific basis for the development of aminopyrine purity reference materials.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851568

ABSTRACT

Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is a real-time, quantitative, on-line, and dynamic thermal analysis technique for describing reaction processes. Some thermodynamic parameters, such as association constant, dissociation constant, stoichiometry ratio, enthalpy change, and entropy change of host and guest interaction, can be obtained in ITC analysis. This technique has the advantages of high calorimetric sensitivity and accurate measurement. In this paper, the principle and application characteristics of ITC technology are described, and the application of this technique in drug research are reviewed, including the interaction between drugs and proteins, the interaction between drugs and DNA molecules, clinical drug compatibility, the application in pharmaceutical preparations and the interaction between drugs and biomembrane. Lastly, the application of this technique in the nonspecific molecular interaction is prospected.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690523

ABSTRACT

This study attempts to establish a method for the anti-thrombin activty bioassay of musk, explore the impact of species and producing areas on the anti-thrombin activty of musk, and provide scientific basis for its biological quality evaluation. Anti-thrombin activty of musk was analyzed by thrombin titration, and the influence factors such as musk solution concentration, fibrinogen concentration, thrombin concentration and titration interval were optimized to evaluate the effect of different species and producing areas on anti-thrombin activty of musk. As a result, there was a good linear relationship between musk solution concentration and thrombin consumption volume within the range of 0.01-0.02 g·mL⁻¹ (=0.991 4) under the experimental condition as follows: fibrinogen concentration was 0.5%, the thrombin concentration was 10 U·mL⁻¹; titration time interval was once every minute, and each titration volume was 2 μL. The average anti-thrombin activty potency of Moschus berezovskii from different producing areas was (105.0±10.4) U·g⁻¹, (102.4±5.5) U·g⁻¹ for M. sifanicus from different producing areas, (97.7±6.6) U·g⁻¹ for M. moschiferus from Anhui province, and (58.6±6.4) U·g⁻¹ for artificial musk. The results indicated that this anti-thrombin activty bioassay method could be applied to evaluate the anti-thrombin activty of musk quickly, conveniently, sensitively and exactly. It was also suggested that different species and producing areas had effects on the anti-thrombin activty of musk, so it is necessary to pay attention to species and producing areas in the process of musk domestication; meanwhile, the artificial musk and natural musk also showed great differences in anti-thrombin activty, suggesting that ratio in artificial musk prescription needs to be further optimized.

17.
Rev. am. med. respir ; 17(3): 196-202, set. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-897289

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La presión positiva en la vía aérea (CPAP) ha demostrado ser eficaz en el síndrome de apneas e hipopneas obstructivas durante el sueño (SAHOS). La presión efectiva se adquiere tradicionalmente con polisomnografía (PSG). El desempeño de estrategias no convencionales, como la CPAP autoajustable (APAP) y fórmulas de titulación (Ft) varía según la población donde se aplican. Objetivo: Describir la titulación con APAP y correlacionar la presión media en la vía aérea (Pmed), la Pef y la presión por Ft de Hoffstein y Mateikas (Fhoff). Resultados: Incluimos 192 pacientes; 52 mujeres (27%) y 140 hombres, edad; 60.2 años ± 11.7 e IMC de 33.8 ± 6.7 kg/m². El índice de apneas e hipopneas (IAH) fue: 33.1 ± 16.6 en mujeres y 36.5 ± 16 en varones (p > 0.24) y 190 casos (98.9%) presentaron IAH > 15 ev/hora. El cumplimiento medio con APAP fue: 380 minutos ± 101 mujeres y 370 ± 91.2 en hombres (p > 0.54). Menos del 10% de la población tuvo criterios de inaceptabilidad del registro. Hallamos correlación entre Pmed y la Pef; rho: 0.73 (IC95% 0.57-0.84) p < 0.001. Sin embargo entre Pef y Fhoff; β: 0.519 y r²: 0.269 (p < 0.001) existió subestimación por Fhoff: - 1.98 cm H2O (IC95% 1.48-2.49) e índice de correlación intraclase: 0.60 (IC95%: 0.47-0.80) p < 0.0001. Conclusiones: Una elevada proporción de pacientes titulan en domicilio con APAP sin vigilancia y con criterios de aceptabilidad. No hallamos adecuada correlación entre Fhoff y Pef en nuestra población.


Introduction: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has proven to be effective in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Effective pressure is traditionally acquired with a polysomnography (PSG). The performance of unconventional strategies, such as auto-adjusting positive airway pressure (APAP) and titration formulas (Tf) varies according to the population where they are applied. Objective: To describe the APAP titration and correlate the mean airway pressure (Mean p), the Eff p and the Hoffstein and Mateika Tf pressure (Hoff f). Results: We included 192 patients, 52 female (27%) and 140 male; age, 60.2 years old ± 11.7 and BMI (body mass index) of 33.8 ± 6.7 kg/m². The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was: 33.1 ± 16.6 in females and 36.5 ± 16 in males (p > 0.24); and 190 cases (98.9%) had an AHI > 15 ev/hour. Mean compliance with APAP was: 380 minutes ± 101 in females and 370 ± 91.2 in males (p > 0.54). Less than 10% of the population presented unacceptability criteria. We found a correlation between the Mean p and the Eff p; rho: 0.73 (95% CI [confidence interval] 0.57-0.84) p < 0.001. However, between the Eff p and the Hoff f β: 0.519 and r²: 0.269 (p < 0.001) there was an underestimation by Hoff f: - 1.98 cm H2O (95% CI, 1.48-2.49) and intraclass correlation index: 0.60 (95% CI: 0.47-0.80) p < 0.0001. Conclusions: A high proportion of patients titrate at home with APAP without supervision and with acceptability criteria. We did not find a suitable correlation between the Hoff f and the Eff p in our population.


Subject(s)
Apnea , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
18.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1887-1889, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the determination method of vitamin U in vitamin U preparations. Methods: A potentiometric titration method was established for the determination of vitamin U and the results were compared with those of the manual titration method described in the current quality standard. Results:The determination results of vitamin U by the potentiometric titration method were affected by neither the excipients and the other components contained in the preparations,nor the precipitation produced in the ti-tration process. The recoveries for two types of vitamin U ( methylmethinine sulfonium chloride and s-methy-L-methionine iodide) were 99. 47%(RSD=1. 0%,n=9) and 100. 22%(RSD=1. 4%,n=9), respectively. The determination results of 6 samples from 3 dif-ferent companies detected by the method were basically consistent to those detected by the manual titration method described in the cur-rent quality standards with the relative deviation less than or equal to 0. 5%. Conclusion:The method is simple,accurate and reliable, and can be used for the quantitative determination of vitamin U in various vitamin U preparations.

19.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1887-1889, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the determination method of vitamin U in vitamin U preparations. Methods: A potentiometric titration method was established for the determination of vitamin U and the results were compared with those of the manual titration method described in the current quality standard. Results:The determination results of vitamin U by the potentiometric titration method were affected by neither the excipients and the other components contained in the preparations,nor the precipitation produced in the ti-tration process. The recoveries for two types of vitamin U ( methylmethinine sulfonium chloride and s-methy-L-methionine iodide) were 99. 47%(RSD=1. 0%,n=9) and 100. 22%(RSD=1. 4%,n=9), respectively. The determination results of 6 samples from 3 dif-ferent companies detected by the method were basically consistent to those detected by the manual titration method described in the cur-rent quality standards with the relative deviation less than or equal to 0. 5%. Conclusion:The method is simple,accurate and reliable, and can be used for the quantitative determination of vitamin U in various vitamin U preparations.

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