Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.670
Filter
1.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(3): e20240012, July-Sept. 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558249

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an abrupt deterioration of kidney function. The incidence of pediatric AKI is increasing worldwide, both in critically and non-critically ill settings. We aimed to characterize the presentation, etiology, evolution, and outcome of AKI in pediatric patients admitted to a tertiary care center. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational single-center study of patients aged 29 days to 17 years and 365 days admitted to our Pediatric Nephrology Unit from January 2012 to December 2021, with the diagnosis of AKI. AKI severity was categorized according to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. The outcomes considered were death or sequelae (proteinuria, hypertension, or changes in renal function at 3 to 6 months follow-up assessments). Results: Forty-six patients with a median age of 13.0 (3.5-15.5) years were included. About half of the patients (n = 24, 52.2%) had an identifiable risk factor for the development of AKI. Thirteen patients (28.3%) were anuric, and all of those were categorized as AKI KDIGO stage 3 (p < 0.001). Almost one quarter (n = 10, 21.7%) of patients required renal replacement therapy. Approximately 60% of patients (n = 26) had at least one sequelae, with proteinuria being the most common (n = 15, 38.5%; median (P25-75) urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio 0.30 (0.27-0.44) mg/mg), followed by reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (n = 11, 27.5%; median (P25-75) GFR 75 (62-83) mL/min/1.73 m2). Conclusions: Pediatric AKI is associated with substantial morbidity, with potential for proteinuria development and renal function impairment and a relevant impact on long-term prognosis.


RESUMO Introdução: Insuficiência renal aguda (IRA) é uma deterioração abrupta da função renal. A incidência de IRA pediátrica está aumentando em todo o mundo, em ambientes críticos e não críticos. Nosso objetivo foi caracterizar apresentação, etiologia, evolução e desfechos da IRA em pacientes pediátricos internados em um centro de atendimento terciário. Métodos: Realizamos estudo retrospectivo observacional de centro único de pacientes com idade entre 29 dias a 17 anos e 365 dias internados em nossa Unidade de Nefrologia Pediátrica, de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2021, com diagnóstico de IRA. A gravidade da IRA foi categorizada de acordo com os critérios do Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO). Os desfechos considerados foram óbito ou sequelas (proteinúria, hipertensão ou alterações na função renal em avaliações de acompanhamento de 3 a 6 meses). Resultados: Incluímos 46 pacientes com idade mediana de 13,0 (3,5-15,5) anos. Cerca de metade (n = 24; 52,2%) apresentou um fator de risco identificável para o desenvolvimento de IRA. Treze pacientes (28,3%) eram anúricos; todos foram classificados como IRA KDIGO 3 (p < 0,001). Quase um quarto (n = 10; 21,7%) dos pacientes necessitaram de terapia renal substitutiva. Aproximadamente 60% (n = 26) apresentou pelo menos uma sequela, sendo proteinúria a mais comum (n = 15; 38,5%; mediana (P25-75) da relação proteína/creatinina urinária 0,30 (0,27-0,44) mg/mg), seguida de taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) reduzida (n = 11; 27,5%; mediana (P25-75) da TFG 75 (62-83) mL/min/1,73 m2). Conclusões: A IRA pediátrica está associada à morbidade substancial, com potencial para desenvolvimento de proteinúria e comprometimento da função renal e impacto relevante no prognóstico de longo prazo.

2.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(3): e20240023, July-Sept. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558252

ABSTRACT

In the last few years, evidence from the Brazilian Registry of Bone Biopsy (REBRABO) has pointed out a high incidence of aluminum (Al) accumulation in the bones of patients with CKD under dialysis. This surprising finding does not appear to be merely a passive metal accumulation, as prospective data from REBRABO suggest that the presence of Al in bone may be independently associated with major adverse cardiovascular events. This information contrasts with the perception of epidemiologic control of this condition around the world. In this opinion paper, we discussed why the diagnosis of Al accumulation in bone is not reported in other parts of the world. We also discuss a range of possibilities to understand why bone Al accumulation still occurs, not as a classical syndrome with systemic signs of intoxication, as occurred it has in the past.


Nos últimos anos, evidências do Registro Brasileiro de Biópsia óssea (REBRABO) apontaram uma alta incidência de intoxicação por alumínio (Al) no tecido ósseo de pacientes com DRC em diálise. Essa surpreendente informação parece representar não apenas um acúmulo passivo deste metal, visto que dados prospectivos do REBRABO sugerem que a presença de Al no tecido ósseo pode estar independentemente relacionada a eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores. Essas informações contrastam com a percepção mundial do controle epidemiológico dessa condição. Neste artigo de opinião, discutimos por que o diagnóstico de acúmulo ósseo de Al não é relatado em outras partes do mundo, e também discutimos uma gama de possibilidades para entender por que nós acreditamos que o acúmulo de Al no tecido ósseo ainda ocorre, não como se apresentava no passado, ou seja, como uma síndrome com sinais e sintomas sistêmicos de intoxicação.

3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559734

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El prolapso de órganos pélvicos (POP) o distopia genital, es el descenso o desplazamiento de los órganos del suelo pélvico a través del canal vaginal o fuera de este. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la histeropexia vaginal en la corrección quirúrgica del prolapso genital apical grado III o IV, usando prótesis de polipropileno; además describir la tasa de éxito, recurrencias y complicaciones. Método: Estudio de cohorte, en 42 mujeres sometidas a histeropexia vaginal (histero-cistopexia ortotópica) mediante prótesis de polipropileno (Splentis®), entre 2016 y 2021. Se realizaron tres evaluaciones postoperatorias (tres, seis y 12 meses). Se hizo muestreo no probabilístico. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: La edad media fue de 56,19 ± 9,27 años. El tiempo quirúrgico de 58,95 ± 13,74 minutos, el sangrado quirúrgico de 119,85 ± 68,73 ml. La tasa de éxito a los 12 meses fue del 90,47%. La recurrencia del prolapso apical fue del 4,76% a los seis meses y del 9,52% a los 12 meses; el de compartimento anterior a los seis meses arrojó un 7,14%, frente al 11,9% a los 12 meses. El 14,28% de las pacientes presentaron complicaciones menores. La incidencia de incontinencia urinaria de esfuerzo a los 12 meses fue del 16,66%. Conclusiones: la histeropexia vaginal es un procedimiento efectivo y seguro, con bajas tasas de recurrencias o complicaciones. Es importante que se sigan haciendo estudios con mejores diseños estadísticos.


Introduction: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP), or genital dystopia, is the descent or displacement of pelvic floor organs through the vaginal canal or outside of it. Objective: To evaluate the results of vaginal hysteropexy in the surgical correction of grade III or IV apical genital prolapse, using polypropylene prosthesis; also describe the success rate, recurrences and complications. Method: Cohort study in 42 women undergoing vaginal hysteropexy (orthotopic hystero-cystopexy) using a polypropylene prosthesis (Splentis®); between 2016 and 2021. Three postoperative evaluations were carried out (three, six and twelve months). Non-probabilistic sampling was done. Descriptive statistics were used. Results: The mean age was 56.19 ± 9.27 years. Surgical time of 58.95 ± 13.74 minutes, surgical bleeding of 119.85 ± 68.73 ml. The success rate after twelve months was 90.47%. Apical prolapse recurrence was 4.76% at six months and 9.52% at twelve months; that of the previous compartment, after six months it showed 7.14%, compared to 11.9% after twelve months; 14.28% of the patients presented minor complications. The incidence of stress urinary incontinence, at twelve months, was 16.66%. Conclusions: Vaginal hysteropexy is an effective and safe procedure, with low rates of recurrence or complications. It is important that studies continue to be carried out with better statistical designs.

4.
Medisur ; 22(1)feb. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558539

ABSTRACT

Fundamento la infección por SARS-CoV-2 es la enfermedad emergente más importante del presente siglo. En dicho contexto, el Grupo de las Industrias Biotecnológica y Farmacéutica Cubanas (BioCubaFarma) creó alternativas terapéuticas para combatir la COVID-19, entre ellas el uso de Jusvinza, la cual forma parte del protocolo utilizado en el país. Objetivo determinar la resolutividad terapéutica de Jusvinza en pacientes confirmados de COVID-19. Métodos se realizó un estudio descriptivo, durante el periodo de enero a septiembre de 2021, en el Hospital Militar Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany, de Santiago de Cuba. El universo estuvo constituido por 166 confirmados de COVID-19, a quienes se administró Jusvinza. Se analizaron algunas variables clínicas (estado clínico, enfermedades no transmisibles asociadas, progresión clínica), epidemiológicas (edad, sexo) y farmacológicas (resolutividad, duración en días). Se utilizó una planilla de vaciamiento de datos, los cuales fueron tomados de las historias clínicas. Resultados la morbimortalidad por COVID-19 fue superior en el sexo masculino, asociado a comorbilidades y edad mayor de 60 años; el sexo femenino resultó el de mayor resolutividad al tratamiento con Jusvinza (71,7 %), la cual incrementó su porcentaje en ausencia de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles asociadas (81,4 %). Los pacientes de alto riesgo fueron los de más baja mortalidad (15,8 %). Conclusiones la resolutividad en pacientes confirmados de COVID-19 tratados con Jusvinza fue más elevada en casos de alto riesgo que en graves y críticos.


Foundation SARS-CoV-2 infection is the most important emerging disease of this century. In this context, the Cuban Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Industries Group (BioCubaFarma) created therapeutic alternatives to combat COVID-19, including the use of Jusvinza, which is part of the protocol used in the country. Objective to determine the Jusvinza therapeutic resolution in confirmed COVID-19 patients. Methods a descriptive study carried out from January to September 2021, at the Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany Military Hospital, in Santiago de Cuba. The universe consisted of 166 confirmed COVID-19 cases, to whom Jusvinza was administered. Some clinical variables (clinical status, associated non-communicable diseases, clinical progression), epidemiological (age, sex) and pharmacological (resolving, duration in days) were analyzed. A data extraction form was used, which was taken from the medical records. Results morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 was higher in males, related to comorbidities and age over 60 years; The female sex was the one with the greatest response to treatment with Jusvinza (71.7%), which increased its percentage in the absence of associated chronic non-communicable diseases (81.4%). High-risk patients had the lowest mortality (15.8%). Conclusions resolution in confirmed COVID-19 patients treated with Jusvinza was higher in high-risk cases than in severe and critical cases.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 306-311, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007245

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical application value of a predictive model for the efficacy of third-generation cephalosporin in the treatment of community-acquired spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (CASBP). MethodsThis prospective study was conducted among 50 patients with liver cirrhosis and CASBP who were admitted to The Ninth Hospital of Nanchang from January 2021 to June 2022, and the patients were randomly divided into optimized treatment group and traditional treatment group, with 25 patients in each group. The patients in the optimized treatment group received ceftazidime or imipenem for initial treatment based on the above predictive model, and those in the traditional treatment group received ceftazidime for initial treatment, with the subsequent use of antibiotics adjusted based on the efficacy of initial treatment. The two groups were compared in terms of the response rate of initial treatment, cure rate on day 5, and 30-day mortality rate. The independent-samples t test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. ResultsAll patients completed the study. The optimized treatment group had a significantly higher response rate of initial treatment than the traditional treatment group (88.0% vs 60.0%, χ2=5.094, P=0.024), while there was no significant difference in the cure rate on day 5 between the two groups (80.0% vs 56.6%, χ2=3.309, P=0.069). As for the patients who received ceftazidime for initial treatment, the optimized treatment group had a significantly higher response rate of initial treatment than the traditional treatment group (88.9% vs 60.0%, χ2=4.341, P=0.037), while there was no significant difference in the cure rate on day 5 between the two groups (83.3% vs 56.0%, χ2=2.425, P=0.119). There was no significant difference in 30-day mortality rate between the two groups (8.0% vs 20.0%, χ2=0.664, P=0.415). For all patients, there was a significant association between response of initial treatment and cure on day 5 (odds ratio [OR]=9.643, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.292‍ — ‍40.564) and between cure on day 5 and 30-day mortality (OR=0.138, 95%CI: 0.023‍ — ‍0.813). ConclusionThis predictive model for efficacy helps clinicians to identify the patients who can benefit from third-generation cephalosporin treatment and improve the efficacy of third-generation cephalosporin in the initial empirical treatment of CASBP.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 89-95, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006432

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy of percutaneous transhepatic variceal embolization (PTVE) alone or in combination with partial splenic embolization (PSE) in the treatment of portal hypertensive hemorrhage in liver cirrhosis through a meta-analysis. MethodsThis study was conducted according to PRISMA guideline, with a PROSPERO registration number of CRD42023396690. Wanfang Med Online, CNKI, CBM, VIP Databases, PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were searched for articles on PTVE alone or in combination with PSE in the treatment of portal hypertensive hemorrhage in liver cirrhosis published up to December 23, 2022. The articles were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and related data were extracted. The RevMan 5.4.1 statistical analysis software was used to perform the meta-analysis. ResultsEight articles were finally included, with a total sample size of 592 cases, among which there were 316 cases in the PTVE+PSE group and 276 cases in the PTVE group. The meta-analysis showed that compared with the PTVE group, the PTVE+PSE group had significantly lower postoperative portal vein pressure (standardized mean difference [SMD]=-1.75, 95% confidence interval [CI]: -2.33 to -1.16, P<0.05), postoperative diameter of the portal vein (SMD=-0.87, 95%CI: -1.64 to -0.10, P<0.05), postoperative rebleeding rate (odds ratio [OR]=0.17, 95%CI: 0.11 — 0.28, P<0.05), mortality rate (OR=0.13, 95%CI: 0.04 — 0.37, P<0.05), and incidence rate of postoperative portal hypertensive gastrointestinal disease (OR=0.17, 95%CI: 0.07 — 0.45, P<0.05], as well as a significantly higher postoperative platelet level (SMD=0.79, 95%CI: 0.52 — 1.06, P<0.05), while there were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence rates of postoperative ascites. ConclusionCompared with PTVE alone, PTVE combined with PSE can effectively reduce the rebleeding rate and mortality rate of portal hypertensive hemorrhage in liver cirrhosis, the incidence rate of portal hypertensive gastrointestinal disease, and portal vein pressure, and it can also shorten the diameter of the portal vein and increase platelet level. Therefore, it is an effective interventional method for the treatment of portal hypertension hemorrhage in liver cirrhosis.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 550-555, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013135

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of first-line transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with targeted therapy and immunotherapy in the treatment of patients with stage Ⅱb/Ⅲa hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on China Liver Cancer Staging (CNLC). MethodsA total of 198 patients who received first-line TACE combined with targeted therapy and immunotherapy or received TACE alone from January 2015 to December 2022 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were enrolled in this study, and after propensity score matching, there were 50 patients in combination group and 50 patients in TACE group. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate median overall survival (mOS) and median progression-free survival (mPFS). Modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors was used to evaluate objective response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR), and Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v5.0 was used to evaluate adverse events. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival time and calculate 95% confidence interval (CI), and the Log-rank test was used for comparison of mOS and mPFS between two groups. ResultsThe combination group had an mOS of 30.1 months (95%CI: 21.9‍ ‍—‍ ‍38.3), and the TACE group had an mOS of 14.5 months (95%CI: 11.0 ‍—‍‍ ‍18.0), with a significant difference between the two groups (χ2=17.8, P<0.001); the combination group had an mPFS of 10.3 months (95%CI: 8.8‍ ‍—‍ ‍11.8), and the TACE group had an mPFS of 7.1 months (95%CI: 5.8‍ — ‍8.4), with a significant difference between the two groups (χ2=10.4, P<0.001). There were significant differences between the combination group and the TACE group in ORR (84% vs 58%, P<0.05) and DCR (94% vs 80%, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the combination group and the TACE group in the incidence rate of adverse events (24% vs 16%, P=0.317), and no adverse event-related deaths were observed in either group. ConclusionCompared with TACE alone, TACE combined with targeted therapy and immunotherapy has a better efficacy in the treatment of patients with CNLC stage Ⅱb/Ⅲa HCC, without increasing the incidence rate of severe adverse events.

8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(6): e2022, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520247

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate early changes after the first antivascular endothelial growth factor injection for macular edema secondary to diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusion and the relationship between longterm outcomes. Methods: The study enrolled patients who received anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections for treatment-naive macular edema due to retinal vein occlusion and diabetic retinopathy. The central macular thickness was measured at baseline, post-injection day 1, week 2, and month 1, and at the last visit using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. A good response was defined as a central macular thickness reduction of ≥10% on post-injection day 1. Patients were reassessed at the last visit with regard to treatment response on post-injection day 1 based on the favorable anatomic outcome defined as a central macular thickness <350 µm. Results: In total, 26 (44.8%) patients had macular edema-retinal vein occlusion and 32 (55.2%) had macular edema-diabetic retinopathy. The mean follow-up time was 24.0 (SD 8.5) months. A statistically significant decrease in the central macular thickness was observed in both patients with macular edema-retinal vein occlusion and macular edema-diabetic retinopathy after antivascular endothelial growth factor injection therapy (p<0.001 for both). All patients with macular edema-retinal vein occlusion were good responders at post-injection day 1. All nongood responders at post-injection day 1 belong to the macular edema-diabetic retinopathy group (n=16.50%). The rate of hyperreflective spots was higher in nongood responders than in good responders of the macular edema-diabetic retinopathy group (p=0.03). Of 42 (2.4%) total good responders, one had a central macular thickness >350 µm, whereas 5 (31.2%) of 16 total nongood responders had a central macular thickness >350 µm at the last visit (p=0.003). Conclusion: The longterm anatomical outcomes of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion and diabetic retinopathy may be predicted by treatment response 1 day after antivascular endothelial growth factor injection.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as alterações precoces após a primeira injeção de anticorpos antifator de crescimento endotelial vascular (anti-VEGF) em casos de edema macular secundário à retinopatia diabética e oclusão da veia da retina e a relação entre essas alterações e o resultado a longo prazo. Métodos: Foram incluídos no estudo pacientes que receberam uma injeção de antifator de crescimento endotelial vascular para edema macular, virgem de tratamento e devido à oclusão da veia retiniana ou a retinopatia diabética. A espessura macular central foi medida no início do tratamento e no 1º dia, 2ª semana e 1º mês após a injeção, bem como na última visita, através de tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral. Definiu-se uma "boa resposta" como uma redução ≥10% na espessura macular central no 1º dia após a injeção. Os pacientes foram reavaliados na última visita com relação à resposta ao tratamento no 1º dia após a injeção, com base em um resultado anatômico favorável, definido como uma espessura macular central <350 µm. Resultado: Foram registrados 26 (44,8%) pacientes com edema macular e oclusão da veia da retina e 32 (55,2%) com edema macular e retinopatia diabética. O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 24,0 meses (desvio-padrão de 8,5 meses). Foi observada uma diminuição estatisticamente significativa da espessura macular central após o tratamento antifator de crescimento endotelial vascular tanto em pacientes com edema macular e oclusão da veia retiniana quanto naqueles com edema macular e retinopatia diabética (p<0,001 para ambos). Todos os pacientes com edema macular e oclusão da veia retiniana responderam bem no 1º dia pós-injeção. Todos os que responderam mal no 1º dia pós-injeção pertenciam ao grupo com edema macular e retinopatia diabética (n=16,50%). A presença de manchas hiperrefletivas foi maior nos pacientes que responderam mal do que naqueles que tiveram boa resposta no grupo com edema macular e retinopatia diabética (p=0,03). Um dos 42 (2,4%) pacientes com boa resposta total teve espessura macular central >350 um, enquanto 5 (31,2%) do total de 16 pacientes com resposta ruim apresentaram espessura macular central >350 µm na última visita (p=0,003). Conclusão: O resultado anatômico de longo prazo do edema macular secundário à oclusão da veia retiniana e à retinopatia diabética pode ser previsto pela resposta ao tratamento no 1º dia após a injeção de antifator de crescimento endotelial vascular.

9.
Crit. Care Sci ; 36: e20240196en, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557660

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To provide insights into the potential benefits of goal-directed therapy guided by FloTrac in reducing postoperative complications and improving outcomes. Methods We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate goal-directed therapy guided by FloTrac in major surgery, comparing goal-directed therapy with usual care or invasive monitoring in cardiac and noncardiac surgery subgroups. The quality of the articles and evidence were evaluated with a risk of bias tool and GRADE. Results We included 29 randomized controlled trials with 3,468 patients. Goal-directed therapy significantly reduced the duration of hospital stay (mean difference -1.43 days; 95%CI 2.07 to -0.79; I2 81%), intensive care unit stay (mean difference -0.77 days; 95%CI -1.18 to -0.36; I2 93%), and mechanical ventilation (mean difference -2.48 hours, 95%CI -4.10 to -0.86, I2 63%). There was no statistically significant difference in mortality, myocardial infarction, acute kidney injury or hypotension, but goal-directed therapy significantly reduced the risk of heart failure or pulmonary edema (RR 0.46; 95%CI 0.23 - 0.92; I2 0%). Conclusion Goal-directed therapy guided by the FloTrac sensor improved clinical outcomes and shortened the length of stay in the hospital and intensive care unit in patients undergoing major surgery. Further research can validate these results using specific protocols and better understand the potential benefits of FloTrac beyond these outcomes.


RESUMO Objetivo Fornecer informações sobre os possíveis benefícios da terapia guiada por metas utilizando o sensor FloTrac na redução de complicações pós-operatórias e na melhoria dos desfechos. Métodos Realizamos uma revisão sistemática e uma metanálise de estudos controlados e randomizados para avaliar a terapia guiada por metas utilizando o sensor FloTrac em cirurgias de grande porte, comparando a terapia guiada por metas com os cuidados habituais ou o monitoramento invasivo em subgrupos de cirurgias cardíacas e não cardíacas. A qualidade dos artigos e das evidências foi avaliada com uma ferramenta de risco de viés e o GRADE. Resultados Incluímos 29 estudos controlados e randomizados com 3.468 pacientes. A terapia guiada por metas reduziu significativamente a duração da internação hospitalar (diferença média de -1,43 dia; IC95% 2,07 - -0,79; I2 81%), a internação na unidade de terapia intensiva (diferença média de -0,77 dia; IC95% -1,18 - -0,36; I2 93%) e a ventilação mecânica (diferença média de -2,48 horas, IC95% -4,10 - -0,86; I2 63%). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa na mortalidade, no infarto do miocárdio, na lesão renal aguda e nem na hipotensão, mas a terapia guiada por metas reduziu significativamente o risco de insuficiência cardíaca ou edema pulmonar (risco relativo de 0,46; IC95% 0,23 - 0,92; I2 0%). Conclusão A terapia guiada por metas utilizando o sensor FloTrac melhorou os desfechos clínicos e reduziu o tempo de internação no hospital e na unidade de terapia intensiva em pacientes submetidos a cirurgias de grande porte. Outras pesquisas podem validar esses resultados usando protocolos específicos e entender melhor os possíveis benefícios do FloTrac além desses desfechos.

10.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 29(2): e24spe2, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1557695

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The superimposition of 3 dimensions (3D) digital models has been increasingly used for evaluating dental changes resulting from orthodontic treatment, and different superimposition techniques have been described. Although the maxilla has areas with greater stability for superimposition, such as the palatal rugae, there is still no reliable method for superimposing models of the lower arch. Objective: Therefore, this article aims to describe a technique for superimposing virtual models. Methods: To evaluate pre- and post-orthodontic treatment changes, the Geomagic Qualify 2013 software (3D Systems®, Rock Hill, South Carolina, USA) was used, with reference points in the maxilla, including the rugae and a reference area in the palate and midpalatal raphe. The lower arch was superimposed using the maximum habitual intercuspation (MHI) model as reference. Results and Conclusion: 3D models superimposition using palatal rugae and MHI occlusion seems to offer satisfactory results in the interpretation of clinical changes at different follow-up moments in terms of development and/or orthodontic treatment.


RESUMO Introdução: A sobreposição de modelos digitais em três dimensões (3D) tem sido cada vez mais utilizada como forma de avaliar as alterações dentárias decorrentes do tratamento instituído, e diferentes técnicas de sobreposição têm sido descritas. Apesar de a maxila apresentar áreas de maior estabilidade para sobreposição dos modelos, como as rugas palatinas, ainda não existe um método confiável para a sobreposição da arcada inferior. Objetivo: O presente artigo tem como objetivo descrever uma técnica de sobreposição de modelos virtuais. Métodos: Para avaliar as alterações pré e pós-tratamento ortodôntico, foi usado o software Geomagic Qualify 2013 (3D Systems®, Rock Hill, Carolina do Sul, EUA) , utilizando pontos de referência na maxila na região das rugas palatinas e uma área de referência na zona do palato e rafe palatina mediana. Já a arcada inferior foi sobreposta utilizando o modelo em máxima intercuspidação habitual (MIH) como referência. Resultados e Conclusão: A sobreposição de modelos utilizando as rugas palatinas e a oclusão em MIH parece oferecer resultados satisfatórios na interpretação das alterações clínicas entre momentos diferentes de acompanhamento, seja do crescimento/desenvolvimento e/ou resultados do tratamento ortodôntico.

11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 22: eRC0659, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557725

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A female newborn presented with respiratory distress at birth and was diagnosed with congenital tracheal stenosis. The stenosis was positioned at the distal trachea and compromised the carina and the right and left bronchi. She underwent surgical treatment using circulatory life support with veno-arterial peripheral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, and the airway was reconstructed using the slide tracheoplasty technique to build a neocarina. The patient had an excellent postoperative course, was successfully weaned from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and invasive ventilation, and was discharged.

12.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(2): e2023, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Evaluation of lid contour and marginal peak point changes to compare outcomes of external levator advancement and Müller's muscle conjunctival resection surgery in unilateral ptosis. Methods: We reviewed the charts of unilateral ptosis patients who underwent external levator advancement or Müller's muscle conjunctival resection. Eyelid contour analysis was conducted on preoperative and 6-month postoperative digital images. This was performed with the multiple margin reflex distances technique, measuring the vertical distance from a line intersecting the center of the pupil to the eyelid margin at 10 positions at 2 mm intervals. The marginal peak point changes were analyzed digitally using the coordinates of the peak point according to the pupil center. Each position's mean distance was compared preoperatively, postoperatively, and with the fellow eyelid. Results: Sixteen patients underwent external levator advancement and 16 patients had Müller's muscle conjunctival resection. The mean margin reflex distance was improved by both techniques (1.46 vs. 2.43 mm and 1.12 vs. 2.25 mm, p=0.008 and p=0.0001 respectively) and approached that of the fellow eyelid (2.43 vs. 2.88 and 2.25 vs. 2.58 mm, p=0.23 and p=0.19, respectively). However, statistically significant lid margin elevation was limited to between the N6 and T6 points in the external levator advancement group. Whereas, significant elevation was achieved along the whole lid margin in the Müller's muscle conjunctival resection group. The marginal peak point was shifted slightly laterally in the external levator advancement group (p=0.11). Conclusions: Both techniques provide effective lid elevation, however, the external levator advancement's effect lessens toward the canthi while Müller's muscle conjunctival resection provides more uniform elevation across the lid margin. The margin reflex distance alone is not sufficient to reflect contour changes.

13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 39(2): e20230104, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535539

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Along with cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamping time is directly related to the risk of complications after heart surgery. The influence of the time difference between cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamping times (TDC-C) remains poorly understood. Objective: To assess the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass time in relation to cross-clamping time on immediate results after coronary artery bypass grafting in the Registro Paulista de Cirurgia Cardiovascular (REPLICCAR) II. Methods: Analysis of 3,090 patients included in REPLICCAR II database was performed. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons outcomes were evaluated (mortality, kidney failure, deep wound infection, reoperation, cerebrovascular accident, and prolonged ventilation time). A cutoff point was adopted, from which the increase of this difference would affect each outcome. Results: After a cutoff point determination, all patients were divided into Group 1 (cardiopulmonary bypass time < 140 min., TDC-C < 30 min.), Group 2 (cardiopulmonary bypass time < 140 min., TDC-C > 30 min.), Group 3 (cardiopulmonary bypass time > 140 min., TDC-C < 30 min.), and Group 4 (cardiopulmonary bypass time > 140 min., TDC-C > 30 min.). After univariate logistic regression, Group 2 showed significant association with reoperation (odds ratio: 1.64, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-2.66), stroke (odds ratio: 3.85, 95% confidence interval: 1.99-7.63), kidney failure (odds ratio: 1.90, 95% confidence interval: 1.32-2.74), and in-hospital mortality (odds ratio: 2.17, 95% confidence interval: 1.30-3.60). Conclusion: TDC-C serves as a predictive factor for complications following coronary artery bypass grafting. We strongly recommend that future studies incorporate this metric to improve the prediction of complications.

14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535462

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La medición de la presión arterial es uno de los procedimientos más realizados en la práctica clínica. La presente revisión narrativa pretende sintetizar los aspectos relevantes que rodearon la definición de la hipertensión arterial, el recorrido histórico del tratamiento de esta y el aporte de los estudios a la disminución de la mortalidad por enfermedad cardiovascular en el tiempo. Metodología: Revisión narrativa de la historia de la hipertensión arterial, desde el reconocimiento de la presión arterial alta como un factor asociado al riesgo cardiovascular y la evolución histórica del tratamiento hasta los hallazgos significativos del estudio SPRINT, publicado en 2015. Resultados: Hasta hace aproximadamente 50 años la hipertensión arterial era conocida como una patología esencial, es decir, esta condición no siempre fue considerada como una enfermedad. El descubrimiento de la presión sanguínea ha sido atribuido a Stephen Hales, poeta, orador y sacerdote nacido en Inglaterra. La primera medición de la presión sanguínea e incidentalmente de la presión del pulso la realizó en 1733 en animales. Se describe el origen de la presión arterial, la hipertensión arterial, el camino recorrido para el reconocimiento de esta condición como enfermedad y posteriormente su tratamiento, hasta llegar al estudio SPRINT en 2015, el cual fue contundente en demostrar el beneficio de reducir la cifra de presión arterial sistólica objetivo en una población no diabética. Conclusión: Los resultados de esta revisión narrativa exponen cómo el reconocimiento de la presión arterial alta como un factor de riesgo cardiovascular permitió el avance en la investigación científica para determinar el tratamiento y las cifras de presión arterial que favorecen la reducción de la mortalidad y morbilidad por esta causa.


Background: Blood pressure measurement is one of the most performed procedures in clinical practice. This narrative review aims to expose the relevant aspects surrounding the definition of arterial hypertension, the historical path of its treatment, and the contribution of studies to the decrease in mortality due to cardiovascular disease over time. Methodology: Narrative review of the history of arterial hypertension from recognizing high blood pressure as a factor associated with cardiovascular risk to the historical evolution of treatment up to the SPRINT study published in 2015. Results: Until about 50 years ago, arterial hypertension was known as an essential pathology; this condition was not always considered a disease. The discovery of blood pressure has been attributed to Stephen Hales, a poet, orator and priest born in England. The first measurement of blood pressure and incidentally pulse pressure was made in 1733 in animals. The origin of blood pressure, arterial hypertension, and the path travelled for recognizing this condition as a disease and later its treatment until reaching the SPRINT study in 2015, which demonstrated the benefit of reducing the target systolic blood pressure figure in a non-diabetic population. Conclusion: This narrative review demonstrates that the recognition of high blood pressure as a cardiovascular risk factor allowed progress in scientific research to determine the treatment and blood pressure figures that favor the reduction of mortality and morbidity from this cause.


Subject(s)
Humans , Narration , Heart Disease Risk Factors , History , Hypertension , Therapeutics , Review Literature as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Treatment Outcome
15.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 81(11): 1008-1015, Nov. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527893

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Parkinson's disease (PD) may progressively reduce the upper limb's functionality. Currently, there is no standardized upper limb functional capacity assessment in PD in the rehabilitation field. Objective To identify specific outcome measurements to assess upper limbs in PD and access functional capacity. Methods We systematically reviewed and analyzed the literature in English published from August/2012 to August/2022 according to PRISMA. The following keywords were used in our search: "upper limbs" OR "upper extremity" and "Parkinson's disease." Two researchers searched independently, including studies accordingly to our inclusion and exclusion criteria. Registered at PROSPERO CRD42021254486. Results We found 797 studies, and 50 were included in this review (n = 2.239 participants in H&Y stage 1-4). The most common upper limbs outcome measures found in the studies were: (i) UPDRS-III and MDS-UPDRS to assess the severity and progression of PD motor symptoms (tremor, bradykinesia, and rigidity) (ii) Nine Hole Peg Test and Purdue Pegboard Test to assess manual dexterity; (iii) Spiral test and Funnel test to provoke and assess freezing of upper limbs; (iv) Technology assessment such as wearables sensors, apps, and other device were also found. Conclusion We found evidence to support upper limb impairments assessments in PD. However, there is still a large shortage of specific tests to assess the functional capacity of the upper limbs. The upper limbs' functional capacity is insufficiently investigated during the clinical and rehabilitation examination due to a lack of specific outcome measures to assess functionality.


Resumo Antecedentes A doença de Parkinson (DP) reduz progressivamente a funcionalidade do membro superior. Não existe uma avaliação padronizada da capacidade funcional do membro superior na DP na área da reabilitação. Objetivo Identificar medidas de resultados específicos para avaliar membros superiores na DP e avaliar capacidade funcional. Métodos Revisamos e analisamos sistematicamente a literatura publicada de agosto/2012 a agosto/2022 de acordo com PRISMA. Usamos as seguintes palavras-chave "membros superiores" OU "extremidade superior" e "doença de Parkinson." Dois pesquisadores fizeram a busca de forma independente, incluindo estudos de acordo com os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Registro PROSPERO CRD42021254486. Resultados Encontramos 797 estudos, 50 foram incluídos no estudo(n = 2.239 participantes no estágio 1-4 de H&Y). As medidas de resultados de membros superiores mais comuns encontradas foram: (i) UPDRS-III e MDS-UPDRS, para avaliar a gravidade e a progressão dos sintomas motores da DP (tremor, bradicinesia, e rigidez); (ii) Nine Hole Peg Test e Purdue Pegboard Test para avaliar a destreza manual; (iii) Teste da Espiral e Teste do Funil para provocar e avaliar o congelamento de membros superiores; (iv) Avaliação de tecnologia, como sensores vestíveis, aplicativos e outros dispositivos também foram encontrados. Conclusão Encontramos evidências para dar suporte para as avaliações de deficiências de membros superiores na DP. No entanto, ainda há grande escassez de testes específicos para avaliar a capacidade funcional dos membros superiores. A capacidade funcional dos membros superior é insuficientemente investigada durante o exame clínico e de reabilitação devido à falta de medidas de resultados específicos para avaliar a funcionalidade.

16.
Rev. Fac. Med. Hum ; 23(4): 129-141, oct.-dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559082

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La psoriasis es una enfermedad crónica de la piel mediada por el sistema inmunológico con una base genética y patogénica compleja, que frecuentemente conduce a comorbilidades significativas y una reducción en la calidad de vida. Su prevalencia varía a nivel global y muestra una tendencia creciente con el tiempo. Comorbilidades como la artritis psoriásica, enfermedades cardiovasculares y problemas de salud mental complican aún más la carga de la psoriasis. Las opciones de tratamiento van desde terapias tópicas hasta agentes sistémicos, siendo los agentes biológicos prominentes en los últimos años. Sin embargo, la seguridad y eficacia de estos tratamientos se evalúan continuamente a través de datos del mundo real. La vitamina D ha llamado la atención como un posible objetivo terapéutico debido a su papel en la regulación inmunológica y la función de barrera de la piel. Esta revisión tiene como objetivo evaluar la eficacia de la suplementación oral de vitamina D en mejorar la gravedad de la psoriasis. Después de una búsqueda bibliográfica, se encontró que la psoriasis es una condición multifacética con significativas implicaciones globales. Los agentes biológicos han transformado su manejo, y la suplementación oral de vitamina D es un camino prometedor para una mayor exploración. Un enfoque integral centrado en el paciente que tenga en cuenta las comorbilidades y los resultados a largo plazo es crucial para optimizar el cuidado de la psoriasis. Se necesita más investigación para comprender completamente el papel de la vitamina D en la psoriasis y su potencial como intervención terapéutica.


ABSTRACT Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated skin disease with a complex genetic and pathogenic basis, often leading to significant comorbidities and a reduced quality of life. Its prevalence varies globally and exhibits an increasing trend over time. Comorbidities such as psoriatic arthritis, cardiovascular diseases, and mental health issues further compound the burden of psoriasis. Treatment options range from topical therapies to systemic agents, with biologics playing a prominent role in recent years. However, the safety and efficacy of these treatments are continuously assessed through real-world data. Vitamin D has gained attention as a potential therapeutic target due to its role in immune regulation and skin barrier function. This review aims to evaluate the efficacy of oral vitamin D supplementation in ameliorating the severity of psoriasis. After bibliographic search, it was found that psoriasis is a multifaceted condition with significant global implications. Biologics have transformed its management, and oral vitamin D supplementation is a promising avenue for further exploration. A comprehensive, patient-centered approach that considers comorbidities and long-term outcomes is crucial for optimizing psoriasis care. Further research is needed to fully understand the role of vitamin D in psoriasis and its potential as a therapeutic intervention.

17.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 27(3): 471-477, Jul.-Sept. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514252

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Septorhinoplasty operates on the nose's bone and cartilage and is ensued by severe postoperative pain. Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of preoperative administration of intravenous (IV) paracetamol and ibuprofen on postoperative pain scores in patients undergoing septorhinoplasty. Methods A total of 150 patients undergoing septorhinoplasty were randomly assigned into 3 groups with 50 patients in each group. The control group (group A) was administered 100 ml saline solution; the paracetamol group (group B) was administered 1,000 mg of IV paracetamol in 100 ml of saline solution; and the ibuprofen group (group C) was administered 800 mg of IV ibuprofen in 100 ml of saline solution before surgery. Opioid analgesics were employed to achieve postoperative analgesia. Postoperative pain was evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS). Postoperative opioid consumption and adverse effects were also recorded for each patient. Results In comparison with group A, the score in the VAS of groups B and C was statistically lower in all the time intervals (p < 0.05). In the 1st and 6th hours postoperatively, group C's score in the VAS in was lower than that of group B (p < 0.05). In the control group, total opioid consumption was highest in all time intervals (p < 0.05). In group C, total opioid consumption was significantly lower than in group B in the 0 to 6 and 6 to 12 hours intervals. (p < 0.05). Conclusion The single-dose preemptive administration of ibuprofen has a more profound postoperative analgesic effect than paracetamol in the first 6 hours after septorhinoplasty. After the first 6 hours postsurgery, there is no difference between ibuprofen and paracetamol in terms of analgesic effect.

18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(4): 571-579, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521807

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aims to analyze outcomes and clinical and epidemiological data of infected tibial pseudarthrosis using the Ilizarov method and the Orr dressing. Methods Data from n = 43 patients diagnosed with infected tibial pseudarthrosis were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistical methods. In addition, Paley's assessment criteria evaluated bone and functional outcomes. Qualitative variables were presented as the distribution of absolute and relative frequencies. The presentation of quantitative variables followed the D'Agostino-Pearson test. Results Thirty-seven (86.04%) subjects were males, and six (13.95%) were females. The most frequent age group among patients was 50 to 59 years old (25.6%), with a p-value = 0.8610. The treatment time was longer for the trifocal treatment (23.8 months) when compared to the bifocal treatment (15.6 months), with a p-value = 0.0010* (highly significant). Excellent bone outcomes represented 72.09% of the sample; 23.25% of outcomes were good. Functional outcomes were excellent in 55.81%, good in 6.97%, and regular in 27.90% of subjects. The Orr dressing (using Vaseline gauze) proved effective, achieving wound healing with soft tissue coverage in all patients evaluated. Conclusions The Ilizarov method resulted in a substantial change in the treatment of bone infections, especially infected pseudarthrosis. The versatility of this method has turned it into an effective tool, allowing the healing of the infectious process and the correction of potential deformities and shortening.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar os resultados e os dados clínicos e epidemiológicos do tratamento das pseudoartroses infectadas da tíbia pelo método de Ilizarov associado ao curativo de Orr. Métodos Para analisar os dados de n = 43 pacientes com diagnóstico de pseudoartrose infectada da tíbia foram aplicados métodos estatísticos descritivos e inferenciais e os resultados ósseos e funcionais foram avaliados de acordo com os critérios de avaliação de Paley. As variáveis qualitativas foram apresentadas por distribuição de frequências absolutas e relativas. As variáveis quantitativas foram apresentadas pelo teste de DAgostino-Pearson. Resultados Foi encontrado que 37 (86,04%) eram do sexo masculino, 6 (13,95%) femininos. A faixa etária mais frequente entre os pacientes foi de 50 a 59 anos (25.6%), p-valor = 0.8610. O tempo de tratamento é maior no tratamento trifocal (23.8 meses) quando comparado com o Bifocal (15.6 meses), p-valor =0.0010* (altamente significante). Os resultados ósseos excelentes representaram 72,09%, 23,25% foram de resultados considerados bons. Os resultados funcionais considerados excelentes foram 55,81%, os resultados bons foram 6,97%, resultados regulares foram 27,90. O curativo com gaze vaselinada (curativo de Orr) mostrou-se eficaz, alcançando assim a cicatrização das feridas com cobertura de partes moles em todos os pacientes avaliados. Conclusões O método de Ilizarov proporcionou uma mudança substancial no tratamentos das infecções ósseas, especialmente das pseudoartroses infectadas. A versatilidade deste método se transformou em uma ferramenta eficaz, permitindo a cura do processo infeccioso, bem como correção das possíveis deformidades e do encurtamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis/therapy , Tibia/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Ilizarov Technique/rehabilitation
19.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(Supl. 1)ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550070

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer de cuello uterino es un problema de salud pública relevante en países de ingresos medios y bajos. El seguimiento de mujeres con tamización positiva y el acceso a tratamiento para neoplasia intraepitelial cervical (NIC) son retos mayores en estos países. Objetivo. Evaluar la efectividad de la crioterapia suministrada por enfermeras en casos de neoplasia intraepitelial de cérvix. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo la inspección visual directa con ácido acético y solución yodada (VIA-VILI), y se practicó colposcopia con biopsia, a mujeres entre los 25 y los 59 años, residentes en zonas de bajos ingresos de Bogotá. Profesionales de enfermería entrenados ofrecieron tratamiento inmediato con crioterapia a mujeres positivas en la inspección visual. Se les practicó colposcopia con biopsia antes del tratamiento y en un control a los 12 meses. Se evaluó la efectividad mediante tasas de curación (resultado: sin lesión) y regresión de NIC2/3 (resultado: ≤NIC1), por verificación colposcópica e histológica. Resultados. Se tamizaron 4.957 mujeres. En total, 499 fueron positivas y 472 aceptaron el tratamiento inmediato. Recibieron crioterapia por enfermería 365 mujeres (11 NIC2/3). La tasa de curación fue del 72 % (IC95%: 39-94 %) por verificación colposcópica, y del 40 % (IC95%: 22-85 %) por histología. Las tasas de regresión fueron del 100 y el 60 %, respectivamente. Se reportaron dos eventos adversos no graves relacionados. Conclusiones. Las tasas de curación y regresión por verificación colposcópica son similares a las reportadas con crioterapia administrada por médicos. El tamaño de la muestra con NIC2/3 dificulta la comparación por tipo de verificación. Los hallazgos apoyan la implementación de estrategias de "ver y tratar" por parte de enfermería en poblaciones con acceso limitado a servicios de salud.


Introduction. Cervical cancer is a relevant public health problem for low- and middleincome countries. Follow-up of positive-screened women and compliance with treatment of precancerous lesions are major challenges for these settings. Objective. To evaluate the efficacy of cryotherapy delivered by nurses for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Materials and methods. Direct visual inspection with acetic acid and lugol iodine (VIA- VILI), and colposcopy/biopsy were performed on women 25 to 59 years old, residents of low-income areas in Bogotá, Colombia. Trained nurses offered immediate cryotherapy to every woman with positive visual inspection. Colposcopy/biopsy was performed before treatment and at a 12-month follow-up. The effectiveness was measured as cure (outcome: no-lesion) and regression (outcome: CIN1) rates of CIN2/3 using colposcopic and histological verification. Results. A group of 4.957 women with VIA/VILI was valuated. In total, 499 were screen positive and 472 accepted immediate treatment. A total of 365 women (11 CIN2/3) received cryotherapy by nurses. Cure rate was 72% (95%CI: 39%-94%) and 40% (95%CI: 22%- 85%) by colposcopic and histological verification, respectively. Regression rates were 100% and 60%. There were two related non-serious adverse events. Conclusions. Cure and regression rates by colposcopic verification are like those reported for cryotherapy delivered by doctors. The sample size (CIN2/3) hinders comparisons by type of verification. Our findings support the implementation of screen-and-treat algorithms by nurses among populations with limited access to health services.

20.
Acta méd. peru ; 40(3)jul. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527615

ABSTRACT

Evaluar los factores relacionados al éxito anatómico y funcional de la cirugía por desprendimiento de retina regmatógeno (DRR) en pacientes del Instituto Regional de Oftalmología "Javier Servat Univazo". Estudio observacional en una cohorte retrospectiva de 204 pacientes con DRR sometidos a diferentes técnicas quirúrgicas entre enero 2010-diciembre 2019, con al menos 6 meses de seguimiento. Éxito anatómico (re-aplicación primaria de retina) y éxito funcional (mejoría de agudeza visual (AV)); buscándose asociación entre estas variables y las demográficas, clínicas y tiempos de espera. Resultados: La edad promedio fue 50 + 16,5 (9-85) años. Éxito anatómico se alcanzó en 165 (80,9 %) pacientes y funcional en 110 (52,9 %). Hubo menor tiempo de espera quirúrgico en pacientes que lograron éxito anatómico (20,0 +/- 22,6 días (1-120)) vs. (29,8 +/- 40,1 días (1-210)) (p=0,04) y en los que tuvieron éxito funcional ( 13,3+/- 15,1 (1-100)) vs. (31,9 +/- 33,7 (1-210)) (p <0,001); y menor tiempo de enfermedad y menor tiempo total en los que tuvieron éxito funcional (29,7 +/-56,5 días (1-365) vs. (61,9 +/- 110,6 días (1-730)) (p=0,008) y (43,1 +/- 68,1 (5-465)) vs. 93,8 +/- 118,3 (3-766)) respectivamente (p<0,001). El menor tiempo de espera quirúrgico mostró asociación con el éxito anatómico y funcional de la cirugía por DRR. El menor tiempo de enfermedad y el menor tiempo total también mostraron asociación con el éxito funcional. Recomendamos implementar medidas para abreviar tiempos de espera e instaurar una terapia quirúrgica precoz y oportuna en estos pacientes.


To evaluate factors related to the anatomical and functional success of surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRA) in patients of the Regional Institute of Ophthalmology "Javier Servat Univazo". retrospective cohort study of 204 patients with RRD submitted to different surgical techniques between January 2010-December 2019, with at least 6 months of follow-up anatomical success (primary retinal reapplication) and functional success (improvement in visual acuity (VA)); looking for an association between these variables and demographics, clinics and waiting times. Results: The mean age was 50 + 16.5 (9-85) years. Anatomical success was achieved in 165 (80.9%) patients and functional in 110 (52.9%). There was a shorter surgical waiting time in patients who achieved anatomical success (20.0 +/- 22.6 days (1-120)) vs (29.8 +/- 40.1 days (1-210)) (p=0.04) and in those who had functional success (13.3+/- 15.1 (1- 100)) vs (31.9 +/- 33.7 (1-210)) (p <0.001); and shorter sick time and shorter total time in those who had functional success (29.7 +/-56.5 days (1-365) vs (61.9 +/- 110.6 days (1-730)) (p=0.008) and (43.1 +/-68.1 (5-465)) vs 93.8 +/- 118.3 (3-766)) respectively (p<0.001). The shorter surgical waiting time was associated with RRD surgery's anatomical and functional success. The shortest time of illness and the shortest total time were associated with functional success. We recommend implementing measures to shorten waiting times and establish early and timely surgical therapy in these patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL