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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 914-920, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407314

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The aim of our study was to compare the primary closure (PRC) and patch angioplasty closure (PAC) of carotid artery following carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Methods: Data of patients who underwent CEA in the period from January 2005 to June 2020 were reviewed through files. Demographic characteristics, information about the operation, and postoperative follow-up outcomes of the patients were compared. Results: Of the 144 CEA cases included in the study, PRC and PAC were applied to 62 (43.7%) and 82 (56.3%) patients, respectively, for the carotid artery closure. Duration of surgery and carotid artery clamping time were not different between the PRC and PAC groups (106.73±17.13 minutes vs. 110.48±20.67 minutes, P=0.635; 24.25±11.56 minutes vs. 25.19±8.99 minutes, P=0.351, respectively). Postoperative respiratory impairment was more common in the PRC group (P=0.012); however, nerve injuries (P=0.254), surgical wound hematomas (P=0.605), surgical site infections (P=0.679), and mortality (P=0.812) were not significantly different between the groups. During the mean patient follow-up time of 26.13±19.32 months, restenosis was more common in the PRC group than in the PAC group (n=26, 41.9% vs. n=4, 4.9%, respectively; P=0.003). Frequencies of stroke (n=4, 2.8% vs. n=2, 2.4%, respectively; P=0.679), transient ischemic attacks (n=2, 1.4% vs. n=0, 0%, respectively; P=0.431), and mortality (n=4, 6.5% vs. n=4, 4.9%, respectively; P=0.580) were not significantly different between the PRC and PAC groups. Conclusion: We are of the opinion that the PAC method is effective and safe for carotid artery closure in patients undergoing CEA.

2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 900-907, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407315

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is still an issue under discussion. Studies examining the relationship between ventricular scar tissue and ICD shock with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) are promising. CMR studies have shown that ventricular scar tissue size and Selvester score show a correlation. In the light of this information, this study aimed to investigate the potential relationship between Selvester score and ICD therapies. Methods: The study included 48 patients who had undergone ICD implantation with a diagnosis of DCM and who had undergone routine 6-month ICD control in outpatient clinic controls between December 2018 and October 2019. Selvester score and other data were compared between patients who received ICD therapy (n=10) and those who did not (n=38). Results: Selvester score (P<0.001) was higher in ICD therapy group. Positive correlation was found between ICD shock therapy and Selvester score (P=0.002, r=0.843). Selvester score was detected as an independent predictor for ICD therapy after multiple linear regression analysis (P=0.004). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that Selvester score (P<0.001) was a significant predictor of ICD therapy. Selvester score cutoff points of 5 for were calculated to estimate ICD therapy, with a sensitivity of 100% and specifity of 81%. Conclusion: In our study, it was found that a high Selvester score may be a predictor for ICD therapies in patients with DCM. As an inexpensive and non-invasive method, Selvester score can help in the decision-making in these patients.

3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(12): 4451-4459, Dec. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404187

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o desfecho desfavorável do tratamento da tuberculose entre a população privada de liberdade segundo os determinantes sociais de saúde. Coorte retrospectiva realizada nos estados de Rondônia e São Paulo, Brasil, com detentos com tuberculose notificados entre 2008 e 2017. Os dados foram coletados do SINAN e do TB-WEB e analisados pelo risco relativo (RR), com intervalos de confiança (IC95%), testando a associação entre a variável dependente [desfecho desfavorável (óbitos por tuberculose e outras causas, assim como os abandonos, primários ou não) x favorável (cura)] e os determinantes estruturais e intermediários da saúde. Foram registrados 158 desfechos desfavoráveis em Rondônia e 2.227 em São Paulo. Para Rondônia, tal desfecho esteve associado a sexo masculino (RR 3,09; IC95% 1,03-9,27) e Aids (RR 2,46; IC95% 1,63-3,71). Em São Paulo, idade superior a 30 anos (RR 1,36; IC95% 1,26-1,47), Aids (RR 3,08; IC95% 2,81-3,38), alcoolismo (RR 1,54; IC95% 1,35-1,76), diabetes (RR 1,70; IC95% 1,27-2,28) e tratamento autoadministrado (RR 2,55; IC95% 2,27-2,86) constituíram fatores de risco para o desfecho desfavorável. O estudo contribui com elementos para a estratificação de risco das pessoas com tuberculose nas unidades de saúde prisionais, fornecendo subsídios para qualificar a assistência para o desfecho favorável dos casos.


Abstract This article aims to analyze the unfavorable outcome of tuberculosis treatment among the population deprived of liberty by social determinants of health. This retrospective cohort was conducted in the states of Rondônia and São Paulo, Brazil, with inmates with tuberculosis notified between 2008 and 2017. Data were collected from SINAN and TB-WEB and analyzed by relative risk (RR) and confidence intervals (95%CI), which tested the association between the dependent variable (unfavorable outcome (deaths from tuberculosis and other causes, and primary and non-primary lost to follow-up) vs. favorable outcome (cure)) and the structural and intermediary determinants of health. One hundred fifty-eight unfavorable outcomes were registered in Rondônia and 2,227 in São Paulo. For Rondônia, this outcome was associated with gender (RR 3.09; 95%CI 1.03-9.27) and AIDS (RR 2.46; 95%CI 1.63-3.71). In São Paulo, aged over 30 years (RR 1.36; 95%CI 1.26-1.47), AIDS (RR 3.08; 95%CI 2.81-3.38), alcohol abuse (RR 1.54; 95%CI 1.35-1.76), diabetes (RR 1.70; 95%CI 1.27-2.28) and self-administered treatment (RR 2.55; 95%CI 2.27-2.86) were risk factors for the unfavorable outcome. The study contributes with elements to the risk stratification of people with tuberculosis in prison units and, thus, improves health care towards a favorable outcome.

4.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.2): 19-31, oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403610

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Since the emergence of the SARS-CoV-2, there have been efforts to develop vaccines to control the COVID-19 pandemic. Objective: The present study assessed the efficacy and safety of the BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, ChAdOx1/AZD1222 and Gam-COVID-Vac rAd26-S/rAd5-S vaccines against the SARS-CoV-2. Materials and methods: We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform on March 15, 2021. The search terms used were: "vaccine" OR "vaccination" AND "covid19" OR "coronavirus" OR "sarscov2" AND "bnt162b2" OR "chadox1-S" OR "azd1222" OR "sputnik" OR "Gam-COVID-Vac" OR "mrna" OR "mRNA-1273" . We measured the risk of bias of the studies and the quality of the evidence using GRADE profiles. A qualitative and quantitative analysis of the results of clinical trials is presented. Results: Of the 74 identified studies, 4 were finally included in this review. The efficacies of the BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, ChAdOx1/AZD1222 and Gam-COVID-VacrAd26-S/rAd5-S vaccines against symptomatic COVID-19 were 95,0% (CI95% 90,3-97,6), 94,1% (CI95% 89,3-96,8), 66,7% (CI95% 57,4-74,0), and 91,1% (CI95% 83,8-95,1), respectively. There was moderate certainty of the evidence due to serious indirectness, when we measured the risk of bias of the studies and the quality of the evidence using GRADE profile. The safety profiles were acceptable, and data on serious adverse events (summary RR=0,93; CI95% 0,77-1,12; p=0,16) and deaths from all causes (summary RR=0,70; CI95% 0,33-1,50; p=0°90) showed no significant differences. Conclusion: The results of this review support the level of evidence for the efficacy and safety of the COVID-19 vaccines analysed.


Introducción. Desde que surgió el virus SARS-CoV-2, se han realizado esfuerzos para desarrollar vacunas para controlar la pandemia por COVID-19. Objetivo. Evaluar los datos de la eficacia y seguridad de las vacunas BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, ChAdOx1/AZD1222 y Gam-COVID-Vac rAd26-S/rAd5-S contra el SARS-CoV-2. Materiales y métodos. Se realizaron búsquedas en PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, Cochrane y la Plataforma de Registro Internacional de Ensayos Clínicos de la OMS el 15 de marzo de 2021. Los términos usados fueron: "vaccine" OR "vaccination" AND "covid19" OR "coronavirus" OR "sarscov2" AND "bnt162b2" OR "chadox1-S" OR "azd1222" OR "sputnik" OR "Gam-COVID-Vac" OR "mrna" OR "mRNA-1273'.' Se midió el riesgo de sesgo de los estudios y la calidad de la información por medio de los perfiles GRADE. Se presenta un análisis cualitativo y cuantitativo de los resultados de los estudios clínicos. Resultados. Se identificaron 74 estudios y se incluyeron 4 en la revisión. La eficacia de las vacunas BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, ChAdOx1/AZD1222 y Gam-COVID-VacrAd26-S/rAd5-S contra la COVID-19 sintomática fue del 95,0 % (IC95% 90,3-97,6), 94,1 % (IC95% 89,3-96,8), 66,7 % (IC95% 57,4-74,0) y 91,1 % (IC95% 83,8-95,1), respectivamente, y hubo una certeza moderada de la información debido a la falta de evidencia directa. Los perfiles de seguridad fueron aceptables, y los eventos adversos graves (RR resumido=0,93; IC95% 0,77-1,12; p=0,16) y muerte por todas las causas (RR resumido=0,70; IC95% 0,33-1,50; p=0,90) no mostraron diferencias significativas. Conclusión. Los resultados de esta revisión respaldan el nivel de evidencia de la eficacia y seguridad de las vacunas COVID-19 que fueron analizadas.


Subject(s)
Vaccines , Coronavirus Infections , Safety , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 876-883, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407708

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) using fascia lata allograft. Methods A prospective case series of 15 patients with irreparable supraspinatus tear who underwent SCR using fascia lata allograft. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scale at 12 months after surgery was the primary outcome. The University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Constant-Murley, and Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE) scales, in addition to the range of motion, were secondary outcomes. Radiological parameters were also evaluated by simple radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Results Fifteen patients completed 12 months of postoperative follow-up. The ASES score increased from 34.0 to 73.0 (p= 0.005). The UCLA, Constant-Murley, and SANE scales also showed statistically significant differences (p= 0.001; p= 0.005; and p= 0.046). In the evaluation of range of motion, there was improvement in elevation and in external rotation (95 to 140°, p= 0.003; 30 to 60°, p= 0.007). Six patients (40%) had complete graft healing. The clinical outcomes were significantly higher in the patients who presented graft healing. Conclusions Superior capsular reconstruction using a fascia lata allograft is a safe and effective procedure in short follow-up. Level of Evidence IV; Therapeutic Study; Case Series.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a eficácia e a segurança da reconstrução capsular superior (RCS) com a utilização do aloenxerto de fáscia lata. Métodos Uma série de casos prospectivos de 15 pacientes com ruptura irreparável do supraespinhal foi submetida a RCS com aloenxerto de fáscia lata, sendo adotada como desfecho primário a escala American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES, na sigla em inglês) aos 12 meses do pós-operatório. Como desfechos secundários, foram adotadas as escalas da University of California Los Angeles (UCLA, na sigla em inglês), Constant-Murley, e Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE, na sigla em inglês), além da amplitude de movimento. Os parâmetros radiológicos também foram avaliados por radiografias simples e ressonância magnética (RM). Resultados Quinze pacientes completaram 12 meses de acompanhamento pós-operatório. O escore ASES aumentou de 34,0 para 73,0 (p= 0,005). As escalas UCLA, Constant-Murley e SANE também apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas (p= 0,001; p= 0,005; e p= 0,046). Na avaliação da amplitude de movimento, houve melhora na elevação e rotação externa (95 a 140°, p= 0,003; 30 a 60°, p= 0,007). Seis pacientes (40%) tiveram cicatrização completa do enxerto. Os desfechos clínicos foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes que apresentaram cicatrização do enxerto. Conclusões A RCS com aloenxerto de fáscia lata é um procedimento seguro e eficaz com um curto acompanhamento de tempo. Nível de evidência IV; Estudo Terapêutico; Série de casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Joint Capsule/pathology , Fascia Lata/transplantation , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery
6.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(3): 339-347, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405123

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction In the literature, evidence is lacking on the predictive value of druginduced sleep endoscopy (DISE) for oral appliance treatment (OAT). Objectives The aim of the present study is to evaluate whether DISE with concomitant mandibular advancement maneuver can predict failure of OAT. Methods An observational retrospective study including patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who previously received OAT. Results of DISE were analyzed in a group with documented OAT failure (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] >10 events/hour or < 50% reduction) and a group with OAT benefit (AHI <10 events/hour or >50% reduction). The upper airway was assessed using the velum, oropharynx, tongue base, epiglottis (VOTE) classification. Additionally, a mandibular advancement maneuver, manually protruding the mandible by performing a jaw thrust, was performed to mimic the effect of OAT. Results The present study included 50 patients with OAT failure and 20 patients with OAT benefit. A subgroup analysis of patients with OAT failure and an AHI <30events/hour included 26 patients. In the OAT failure group, 74% had a negative jaw thrust maneuver. In the subgroup with an AHI <30 events/hour, 76.9% had a negative jaw thrust maneuver. In the OAT benefit group, 25% had a negative jaw thrust maneuver (p< 0.001). Conclusions A negative jaw thrust maneuver during DISE can be a valuable predictor for OAT failure, independent of AHI. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy should be considered as a diagnostic evaluation tool before starting OAT.

7.
Acta fisiatrica ; 29(3): 232-244, set. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392263

ABSTRACT

Fibromyalgia is a debilitating and chronic pain processing disorder, in which the proportion of patients who achieve good results with pharmacotherapy is small. However, choosing the best available evidence on pharmacotherapy can optimize patient clinical outcomes. Objective: This overview aimed to identify in systematic reviews the effects of pharmacotherapy on fibromyalgia, considering the quality of the reviews and the efficacy of the outcomes. Methods: This search was performed in seven databases: PubMed, Web of Science, COCHRANE, Lilacs, Embase, Scopus and IPA. The methodological quality was evaluated using A MeaSurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2. The protocol was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42018095943). Results: A total of 63 systematic reviews were selected after reading full texts, but only 8 of them were of moderate to high quality and were included in this overview. All included reviews were published in English, between 2012 and 2018, performed meta-analysis, used the American College of Rheumatology (1990) diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia, and jointly assessed pain improvement, adverse reactions, and withdrawal. Most reviews included only randomized controlled trials. Of the fourteen drugs addressed in systematic reviews evaluated, duloxetine, milnacipran, and pregabalin showed evidence of improvement in pain (Moderate: ≤30%) and other fibromyalgia symptoms, as depression and fatigue. However, these medications presented significant withdrawals due to adverse reactions (mainly nausea, headache, dizziness and constipation). The rate of treatment withdrawal reached 36%. Conclusion: Few studies have high quality and sufficient evidence on the effect of medicines on fibromyalgia, resulting in a lack of support for prescribers to choose drugs that meet criteria for need, effectiveness, safety and compliance.


Fibromialgia é um distúrbio de processamento da dor debilitante e crônico, em que a proporção de pacientes que obtêm bons resultados com a farmacoterapia é pequena. No entanto, escolher a melhor evidência disponível sobre a farmacoterapia pode otimizar os resultados clínicos do paciente. Objetivo: Esta overview teve como objetivo identificar em revisões sistemáticas os efeitos da farmacoterapia na fibromialgia, considerando a qualidade das revisões e a eficácia dos resultados. Métodos: Esta busca foi realizada em sete bases de dados: PubMed, Web of Science, COCHRANE, Lilacs, Embase, Scopus e IPA. A qualidade metodológica foi avaliada usando A MeaSurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2. O protocolo foi registrado no PROSPERO (CRD42018095943). Resultados: Um total de 63 revisões sistemáticas foram selecionadas após a leitura de textos completos, mas apenas 8 delas eram de qualidade moderada a alta e foram incluídas nesta overview. Todas as revisões incluídas foram publicadas em inglês, entre 2012 e 2018, realizaram meta-análises, utilizaram os critérios de diagnósticos do American College of Rheumatology (1990) para fibromialgia e avaliaram conjuntamente a melhora da dor, reações adversas e retiradas. A maioria das revisões incluiu apenas ensaios clínicos randomizados. Dos quatorze medicamentos abordados nas revisões sistemáticas avaliadas, duloxetina, milnaciprano e pregabalina mostraram evidências de melhora da dor (moderada: ≤30%) e de outros sintomas da fibromialgia como depressão e fadiga. No entanto, esses medicamentos apresentaram retiradas significativas devido a reações adversas (principalmente náusea, cefaleia, tontura e constipação). A taxa de abandono ao tratamento chegou a 36%. Conclusão: Poucos estudos apresentam evidências suficientes e de alta qualidade sobre o efeito dos medicamentos na fibromialgia, resultando na falta de apoio para os prescritores escolherem medicamentos que atendam aos critérios de necessidade, eficácia, segurança e adesão.

8.
Rev. cienc. med. Pinar Rio ; 26(4): e5421, jul.-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407892

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el Tisuacryl es un biomaterial empleado en la cirugía general y bucal, así como en el tratamiento de la estomatitis aftosa, considerada un proceso multifactorial y actualmente la enfermedad ulcerosa más común de la cavidad oral. Objetivo: determinar la efectividad del Tisuacryl con respecto a la terapia convencional en el tratamiento de la estomatitis aftosa en Consolación del Sur, Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre septiembre 2018 y marzo 2020. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional analítico de casos y controles a 90 pacientes con estomatitis aftosa en Consolación del Sur, Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre septiembre 2018 y marzo 2020. La información se obtuvo de las historias clínicas individuales de Periodoncia al obtener el consentimiento oral y escrito de los pacientes o sus tutores. Los resultados se obtuvieron por análisis estadístico que incluyó el porciento y la prueba no paramétrica de Cochran Q. Resultados: predominó el sexo femenino y el grupo etario de 10 a 19 años para el 46,7 % en grupo estudio y el 42,2 % en grupo control; la disminución del dolor y la cicatrización iniciaron en el mayor número de pacientes a las 72 horas de tratamiento con Tisuacryl para el 91,1 % y el 55,6 % respectivamente; a los cinco días de aplicación del medicamento la totalidad de ellos estaban asintomáticos y casi todas las aftas bucales cicatrizadas. Conclusiones: las lesiones aftosas en la cavidad bucal evolucionaron satisfactoriamente con la aplicación del Tisuacryl al ser esta una alternativa efectiva de tratamiento en comparación con la terapia convencional.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Tisuacryl is a biomaterial used in general and oral surgery, as well as in the treatment of aphthous stomatitis, considered a multifactorial process and currently the most common ulcerative disease of the oral cavity. Objective: to determine the effectiveness of Tisuacryl with respect to conventional therapy in the treatment of aphthous stomatitis in Consolación del Sur, Pinar del Río, in the period from September 2018 to March 2020. Methods: an analytical observational case-control study was conducted on 90 patients with aphthous stomatitis in Consolación del Sur, Pinar del Río, in the period from September 2018 to March 2020. Information was obtained from individual Periodontics medical records by obtaining oral and written consent from patients or their guardians. Results were obtained by statistical analysis including percent and Cochran Q nonparametric test. Results: female sex and age group from 10 to 19 years old predominated for 46,7 % in the study group and 42,2 % in the control group; the decrease of pain and healing started in most patients 72 hours after treatment with Tisuacryl for 91,1 % and 55,6 % respectively; being five days after application of the drug all of them asymptomatic and almost all the oral aphthae healed. Conclusions: aphthous lesions in the oral cavity evolved satisfactorily with the application of Tisuacryl being an effective treatment alternative in comparison with conventional therapy.

9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 511-516, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394735

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In developing countries like India, it is common for late presentation of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients to a hospital as compared to that of developed countries. The objective of this study is to analyze the surgical outcome of TOF patients with age > 15 years. Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study of the surgical outcomes of 45 adult patients undergoing correction for TOF. Epidemiology, symptomology, and preoperative evaluation were performed. Results: Most of the patients were male (33 [73%]). The median age was 21 years. A total of 42 (93.33%) patients had subaortic ventricular septal defect (VSD), while three (6.6%) patients presented with doubly committed VSD. The most common type of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction was combined infundibular and valvular types, accounting for 34 cases (75.5%). Six patients had infundibular RVOT obstruction, while three patients (6.6%) had predominantly valvular pulmonary stenosis. We performed trans-right atrial repair in 33 patients. Right atrium-pulmonary artery approach was used in five patients (11.1%). The most common postoperative complication was right bundle branch block, seen in 14 patients, with a mortality rate of 2% in the early postoperative period. We achieved excellent early and midterm survival results and significant improvement in functions and disease-free quality of life. Conclusion: Intracardiac repair in adult TOF can be performed with low mortality, less residual RVOT obstruction, and need for revision of RVOT far less frequent by using the Jhajhria Infundibular Resection Adequacy Assessment technique (JIRAAT) to assess for adequacy of infundibular resection.

10.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(7): 663-670, July 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403520

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is an uncommon and serious subtype of stroke, which leads to the loss of the patient's ability to produce and live for many years. Objective To investigate the clinical effect of nimodipine in the treatment of SAH. Methods Electronic databases including China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP, SinoMed, China Master's Theses Full-text Database (CMFD), China Doctoral Dissertations Full-text Database (CDFD), Cochrane Library, PubMed and Embase were searched from 2010 and 2021. All randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of nimodipine in the treatment of SAH were included in our meta-analysis. The patients were divided into control group and treatment group. Meta-analysis was performed with Stata16.0 software. Results A total of 10 studies were included. Compared with the control group, the treatment group had higher effective rate (OR = 3.21, 95% CI: 2.25, 4.58; p < 0.001), and lower incidence of adverse reactions (OR = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.19, 0.67; p = 0.001). Before treatment, no significant differences were identified in middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score between the two groups. However, after treatment, the middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (SMD = — 1.36, 95% CI: —2.28, —0.49; p = 0.002) and GCS score (SMD = 1.24, 95% CI: 0.58, 1.89; p < 0.001) in the treatment group were significantly better than those in the control group. Conclusions Nimodipine is effective in the treatment of SAH, lowering incidence of adverse reactions and therefore improving the prognosis of patients.


Resumo Antecedentes Hemorragia subaracnóidea (SAH) é um subtipo raro e grave de acidente vascular cerebral (AVC), o que leva à perda da capacidade do paciente de produzir e viver por muitos anos. Objetivo Investigar o efeito clínico da nimodipina no tratamento da SAH. Métodos As bases de dados eletrônicas, incluindo a China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP, SinoMed, Masters Theses Full-text Database (CMFD), China Doctoral Dissertations Full-text Database (CDFD), Cochrane Library, PubMed e Embase foram pesquisadas no período de 2010 a 2021. Todos os ensaios controlados aleatorizados que avaliam a eficácia da nimodipina no tratamento da SAH foram incluídos na nossa meta-análise. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupo controle e grupo de tratamento. Meta-análise foi realizada com o software Stata 16.0. Resultados Foram incluídos um total de dez estudos. Em comparação com o grupo controle, o grupo de tratamento tinha uma taxa mais elevada (OR = 3,21, 95% CI: 2,25, 4,58; p < 0,001), e menor incidência de reações adversas (OR = 0,35, 95% CI: 0,19, 0,67; p = 0,001). Antes do tratamento, não foram identificadas diferenças significativas na velocidade média do fluxo sanguíneo da artéria cerebral e na pontuação de Glasgow coma scale (GCS) entre os dois grupos. No entanto, após o tratamento, a velocidade média do fluxo sanguíneo da artéria cerebral (SMD = −1,36, 95% CI: −2,28, 0,49; p = 0,002) e a pontuação do GCS (SMD = 1,24, 95% CI: 0,58, 1,89; p < 0,001) no grupo de tratamento foram significativamente melhores do que os do grupo controle. Conclusões A nimodipina é eficaz no tratamento da SAH, diminuindo a incidência de reações adversas e, consequentemente, melhorando o prognóstico dos doentes.

11.
Cogit. Enferm. (Online) ; 27: e80768, Curitiba: UFPR, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384633

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: sintetizar evidências sobre efeitos das intervenções breves na redução do consumo de bebidas alcóolicas entre adultos. Método: estudo de revisão sistemática, cadastrado protocolo na International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews, registro nº CRD42020153034. A busca foi realizada em 2020, em bases de dados eletrônicas e foram incluídos ensaios clínicos randomizados que avaliavam os efeitos de Intervenções Breve em adultos bebedores de álcool. Resultados: foram avaliados 11 artigos. Todos os estudos realizaram, nos grupos controle e experimental, teste de identificação do padrão de consumo de álcool, com oferta de feedback para o usuário em seguida. As intervenções utilizam metodologias que incitam o usuário à tomada de decisão, bem como manter a decisão tomada e evitar recaídas. Conclusão: esta pesquisa contribui para o ensino e assistência em saúde, por meio de reflexões sobre a identificação do abuso de álcool e compilado sobre a aplicação e impacto das Intervenções Breves.


ABSTRACT Objective: to synthesize evidence on the effects of brief interventions on reducing alcohol consumption among adults. Method: systematic review study, protocol registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews, registration no. CRD42020153034. The search was conducted in 2020, in electronic databases and randomized clinical trials that evaluated the effects of Brief Interventions in adult alcohol drinkers were included. Results: 11 articles were evaluated. All studies performed, in the control and experimental groups, a test to identify the pattern of alcohol consumption, with feedback offered to the user afterwards. The interventions use methodologies that encourage the user to make a decision, as well as maintain the decision made and avoid relapse. Conclusion: this research contributes to health care teaching and assistance, through reflections on the identification of alcohol abuse and compiled on the application and impact of Brief Interventions.


RESUMEN Objetivo: sintetizar las pruebas sobre los efectos de las intervenciones breves para reducir el consumo de alcohol entre los adultos. Método: estudio de revisión sistemática, protocolo registrado en el Registro Internacional Prospectivo de Revisiones Sistemáticas, número de registro CRD42020153034. La búsqueda se realizó en 2020, en bases de datos electrónicas y se incluyeron ensayos clínicos aleatorios que evaluaron los efectos de las Intervenciones Breves en bebedores de alcohol adultos. Resultados: Se evaluaron 11 artículos. Todos los estudios realizaron, en los grupos de control y experimental, una prueba para identificar el patrón de consumo de alcohol, con una retroalimentación ofrecida al usuario después. Las intervenciones utilizan metodologías que incitan al usuario a tomar una decisión, así como a mantener la decisión tomada y evitar recaídas. Conclusión: esta investigación contribuye a la docencia y a la atención sanitaria, a través de reflexiones sobre la identificación del abuso de alcohol y recopiladas sobre la aplicación y el impacto de las Intervenciones Breves.

12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 281-291, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376534

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Pediatric heart transplantation is the definitive therapy for children with end-stage heart failure. This paper describes our initial experience in pediatric heart transplantation in a tertiary center in Brazil Methods: This is a historical prospective descriptive cohort study based on a review of the medical records of children undergoing heart transplantation at Hospital de Base and Hospital da Criança e Maternidade de São José do Rio Preto. Variables were displayed as frequency, mean, or median. Statistical analysis and Kaplan-Meier actuarial curve were obtained with the aid of Microsoft® Excel® 2019 and STATSDirect version 3.3.5. Results: Between January 2010 and December 2020, ten children underwent bicaval orthotopic heart transplantation, 30% of which were under one year of age. Nine patients had end-stage heart failure (International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation-Heart Failure D) and 50% of the recipients were transplanted under conditions of progressive clinical deterioration (Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support ≤ 2). Forty percent of the recipients had a panel-reactive antibody > 20% on virtual crossmatch. In the postoperative period, 80% of patients required high dose of inotropic support (vasoactive-inotropic score > 10) for > 48 hours. The death-free survival rate at 131 months was 77.1±14.4%. Most patients (88.9%) in late follow-up had an episode of active cytomegalovirus infection. Cellular rejection, with or without clinical repercussion, was present in 44.4% of the patients. Conclusion: Pediatric heart transplantation produces acceptable and feasible outcomes as definitive therapy for children with end-stage heart failure.

13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 385-393, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376541

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Tuberculous aortic aneurysm (TBAA) is an exceedingly rare but severe manifestation of tuberculosis, with a high risk of sudden rupture of the aorta in absence of medical or surgical intervention. This review aimed to provide a detailed understanding of TBAA, including its associated complications, affected population, treatment measures, and outcomes. Methods: Case studies and relevant research articles were analyzed to understand the recent advances in medical scientific knowledge on TBAA. Recent clinical case reports on TBAA were searched from the year 2010 to 2020. Results: Case reports indicated a higher prevalence of TBAA in the male population. The most affected age group was 15 to 79 years. The most common treatment for TBAA included surgery followed by antituberculous medication. The case reports discussed in this review reflected open surgery, endovascular repair, coil embolization, laparotomy, aortic valve and root replacement as some of the surgical procedures used depending on the complication and type of aneurysm. The treatment outcome was considered effective in most cases. Conclusion: Postoperative chemotherapy and medications reduce the risk of severity. Early diagnosis of TBAA is imperative, followed by surgical resection and postoperative antituberculous medication with careful follow-up to prevent relapse.

14.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(1): 1-12, may. 11, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398895

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate orthodontists' preferences in the use and timing of appliances for the correction of Class II and Class III malocclusions in growing patients and the sociodemographic factors that influence these preferences. Material and Methods: Active members of the Colombian Orthodontics Society (SCO) were invited to complete a previously validated survey on the use of Class II and Class III correctors in growing patients. Results: 180 orthodontists responded (80 male, 100 female). The appliances used most frequently in the treatment of Class II malocclusion were Planas indirect tracks (32.78%) and Twin-blocks (30.56%). Facemasks (62.22%) and Progenie plates (25%) were the most prevalent appliances used in the treatment of Class III malocclusions. Regarding treatment timing, 52% of the orthodontists stated that Class II malocclusions must be treated during late mixed dentition or early permanent dentition, 42% stated that treatment for Class III malocclusions should occur during early mixed dentition. Appliance use and treatment timing were significantly associated with sex (p= 0.034), years of practice (p= 0.025), and area of work (private clinics or public institutions), (p= 0.039). Conclusion: Twin-blocks and Facemask appliances were the preferred appliances for Class II and Class III treatment, respectively, in growing patients. Most of the orthodontists believed that Class II malocclusions must be treated during late mixed dentition and that Class III malocclusions must be treated during early mixed dentition. Sociodemographic variables are related factors that influence orthodontists' preferences in the use of these appliances.


Objetivo: Evaluar las preferencias de los ortodoncistas en el uso y momento oportuno de uso de aparatología para la corrección de maloclusiones Clase II y Clase III en pacientes en crecimiento y los factores sociodemográficos que influyen en estas preferencias. Material y Métodos: Se invitó a miembros activos de la Sociedad Colombiana de Ortodoncia (SCO) a completar una encuesta previamente validada, sobre el uso de correctores para Clase II y Clase III en pacientes en crecimiento. Resultados: Respondieron un total de 180 ortodoncistas (80 hombres, 100 mujeres). La aparatología más utilizada en el tratamiento de las maloclusiones de Clase II fueron pistas indirectas de Planas (32,78%) y bloques gemelos (30,56%). La máscara facial (62,22%) y las placas progenie (25%) fueron los aparatos más utilizados en el tratamiento de las maloclusiones de Clase III. En cuanto al momento oportuno del tratamiento, el 52% de los ortodoncistas afirmó que las maloclusiones de Clase II deben tratarse durante la dentición mixta tardía o la dentición permanente temprana, el 42% afirmó que el tratamiento para las maloclusiones de Clase III debe ocurrir durante la dentición mixta temprana. El uso de aparatos y el momento oportuno del tratamiento se asociaron significativamente con el sexo (p= 0,034), los años de práctica (p= 0,025) y el área de trabajo (clínicas privadas o instituciones públicas) (p= 0,039). Conclusión: Los aparatos bloques gemelos y la máscara facial fueron los preferidos para el tratamiento de Clase II y Clase III, respectivamente, en pacientes en crecimiento. La mayoría de los ortodoncistas consideran que las maloclusiones de Clase II deben tratarse durante la dentición mixta tardía y que las maloclusiones de Clase III deben tratarse durante la dentición mixta temprana. Las variables sociodemográficas son factores relacionados que influyen en las preferencias de los ortodoncistas en el uso de estos aparatos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthodontic Appliances , Malocclusion/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Orthodontics , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Colombia/epidemiology , Sociodemographic Factors
15.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(2): 262-274, mayo 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375870

ABSTRACT

Resumen Esta guía de práctica clínica de tratamiento de la polineuropatía amiloidótica familiar se basa en la mejor evidencia disponible de efectividad clínica. Se generó un listado de preguntas con formato PICO centradas en efectividad y seguridad del tratamiento de polineuropatía amiloidótica familiar. Se realizó la búsqueda en PubMed, Cochrane y Epistemonikos. Los niveles de evidencia y los grados de recomendación se basaron en el sistema GRADE. Las recomendaciones se graduaron según dirección y fuerza y se evaluaron con la herramienta GLIA para su implementación. Resumen de recomendaciones: En pacientes con polineuropatía amiloidótica familiar y neuropatía estadio I y II, se sugiere el tratamiento con inotersen 300 mg subcutáneo semanal o patisirán 0.3 mg/kg endovenoso una vez cada 3 semanas, dado que, probablemente, estabilicen o enlentezcan el avance de la neuropatía y el empeoramiento de la calidad de vida (calidad de la evidencia moderada; fuerza de la recomendación débil). En pacientes con polineruropatía amiloidótica familiar y neuropatía estadio I, se sugiere el tratamiento con tafamidis 20 mg vía oral, una vez por día, ya que podría enlentecer el avance de la neuropatía y el empeoramiento en la calidad de vida (calidad de la evidencia baja; fuerza de la recomendación débil), y aquellos con polineuropatía amiloidótica familiar y neuropatía sintomática y en ausencia de otros tratamientos con eficacia aprobada, se sugiere el tratamiento con diflunisal 250 mg dos veces al día, vía oral, ya que podría evitar la progresión de la neuropatía (calidad de la evidencia baja; fuerza de la recomendación débil).


Abstract. This clinical practice guideline for the treatment of familial amyloid polyneuropathy is based on the best available evi dence of clinical effectiveness. A list of questions was generated with a PICO format focused on the effectiveness and safety of the treatment of familial amyloid polyneuropathy. The search was carried out in PubMed, Cochrane and Epistemonikos. The levels of evidence and grades of recommendation were based on the GRADE system. Recommendations were graded according to their direction and their strength and were evaluated with the GLIA tool for their implementation. In patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy and stage I and II neuropathy, it is suggested: inotersen 300 mg subcutaneous weekly or patisirán 0.3 mg/kg intravenously once every 3 weeks, since they probably stabilize or slow the progression of neuropathy and worsening quality of life (moderate qual ity of evidence; strength of recommendation weak). In patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy and stage I neuropathy, treatment with tafamidis 20 mg orally, once a day, is suggested, as it could slow the progression of neuropathy and worsen quality of life (low quality of evidence; strength of recommendation weak). In patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy and symptomatic neuropathy and in the absence of other treatments with approved efficacy, treatment with oral diflunisal 250 mg twice daily is suggested, as it could prevent the progres sion of neuropathy (quality evidence low; strength of recommendation weak).

16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; S1: 1-8, abr. 30, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398473

ABSTRACT

Objective: To generate teledentistry protocols for urgent and priority dental care for the elderly population through a technological web platform and mobile application in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Material and Methods: Teledentistry protocols were developed in five sequential steps: Staff training, Patient recruitment, Patient admission, Patient reception and Patient care. Reasons for admission were categorized in urgencies and priority dental treatment. Results: The most prevalent reasons for consultation were prosthesis mismatch (18.37%), dental pain (16.33%) and fractured teeth (14.29%). In urgencies by need for treatment: due to infection or pain (24.44%) or to avoid pulp involvement (26.67%). The rest of the care did not require immediate attention. Regarding the OHIP-14Sp survey prior to care, in which patients were consulted for problems with their teeth, mouth or prosthesis, two questions were answered per dimension, for each dimension the following values were obtained: functional limitation (71.30% and 50.44%), physical pain (68.97% and 70.18%), psychological discomfort (75.00% and 74.14%), physical disability (57.39% and 46.09%), psychological disability (37.72% and 53.91%), social disability (33.91% and 30.97%) and handicap (27.83% and 25.86%). Conclusion: A teledentistry protocol for urgent and priority dental care of the elderly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic with a focus on a general dentist remotely supported specialists was a useful tool to effectively systematize the care of elderly patients, reducing risk of exposure to COVID-19 and solving dental urgencies in this population


Objetivo: Generar protocolos de teleodontología para la atención odontológica urgente y prioritaria de la población adulta mayor a través de una plataforma web tecnológica y aplicación móvil en el contexto de la pandemia del COVID-19. Material y Métodos: Los protocolos de teleodontología se desarrollaron en cinco pasos secuenciales: capacitación del personal, reclutamiento de pacientes, admisión de pacientes, recepción de pacientes y atención al paciente. Los motivos de ingreso se categorizaron en urgencias y tratamiento odontológico prioritario. Resultados: Los motivos de consulta más prevalentes fueron desajuste de prótesis (18,37%), dolor dental (16,33%) y dientes fracturados (14,29%). En urgencias por necesidad de tratamiento por infección o dolor (24,44%) o para evitar afectación pulpar (26,67%). El resto de los cuidados no requirieron atención inmediata. En cuanto a la encuesta OHIP-14Sp previa a la atención, en la que se consultaba a los pacientes por problemas en sus dientes, boca o prótesis, se respondieron dos preguntas por dimensión, para cada dimensión se obtuvieron los siguientes valores: limitación funcional (71,30% y 50,44%), dolor físico (68,97% y 70,18%), malestar psicológico (75,00% y 74,14%), discapacidad física (57,39% y 46,09%), discapacidad psicológica (37,72% y 53,91%), discapacidad social (33,91% y 30,97%) y handicap (27,83% y 25,86%). Conclusión: Un protocolo de teleodontología para la atención odontológica urgente y prioritaria del adulto mayor, en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19 con un enfoque en un odontólogo general con especialistas apoyados de forma remota, fue una herramienta útil para sistematizar de manera efectiva la atención de los pacientes adultos mayores, reduciendo el riesgo de exposición al COVID-19 y resolviendo las urgencias odontológicas en esta población.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Telemedicine/methods , Pandemics , Mobile Applications , Teledentistry , COVID-19 , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Care , Treatment Outcome , Ambulatory Care/methods
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(2): 185-193, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376509

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Type A acute aortic dissection (AAD) remains a challenging cardiac emergency despite the availability of various management strategies. This study compared the outcomes of supracoronary ascending aortic replacement (SCAAR) with aortic valve (AV) resuspension with those of modified Bentall's operation for type A AAD and the progression of aortic regurgitation (AR), long-term dilatation of aortic root and proximal arch, and long-term mortality in SCAAR patients. Methods: Sixty patients underwent surgery for type A AAD (January 2005 to December 2015). Forty-three patients underwent SCAAR with AV resuspension and 17 underwent modified Bentall's operation. All patients were followed up. Results: Upon follow-up of SCAAR patients (n=40), there was significant reduction in aortic root size (preoperative 39.3 mm [9.4] vs. postoperative 33.1 mm [9.1]; P<0.001). Three of these patients worsened to severe AR while others had similar or lesser degree of AR. On comparison between preoperative and postoperative dimensions of all patients (n=53), there was no significant difference in distal ascending aorta size (35.7 mm [8.1] vs. 34.4 mm [8.9]; P=0.52). However, an increase in descending thoracic aorta size (28.8 mm [7.8] vs. 33.7 mm [9.9]; P<0.001) was observed. In-hospital and late mortalities for SCAAR vs. modified Bentall's procedure were 11.7% (seven patients) (7% [3] vs. 23.5% [4]) and 28% (15 patients) (15% [6] vs. 69% [9]), respectively. Conclusion: SCAAR with AV resuspension is a safe surgical option for type A AAD. Preservation of AV is associated with better long-term outcomes and reduced mortality. Modified Bentall's operation may be associated with long-term mortality.

18.
J. bras. nefrol ; 44(1): 48-57, Jan-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365024

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSN) is defined as Henoch-Schönlein purpura with kidney involvement, including hematuria and/or proteinuria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the data of HSN patients who underwent renal biopsy, and compare the main clinical and laboratory parameters that may affect renal biopsy findings, treatment protocols, and short- and long-term outcome of those patients. Methods Biopsies performed in 72 HSN patients between January 2007 to January 2017 were retrospectively evaluated. They were divided into two groups according to renal biopsy classification of the International Study of Kidney Disease in Children. Renal outcome, clinical and laboratory parameters, treatment protocols, and outcome were compared between groups. Short- and long-term follow-up of patients were evaluated. Results Of 72 patients, 47 were male (65.3%) and 44 (61.1%) were ≤10 years of age. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio was found higher in patients with scrotal involvement (p=0.042). Short-term unfavorable outcome was significantly higher in patients with scrotal involvement (p=0.038). Patients with hypertension and decreased creatinine clearance were found to have more unfavorable outcomes in long-term follow-up (p=0.029, p=0.040). Conclusion Cyclosporin-A and cyclophosphamide could be effective in steroid unresponsive HSN patients. Patients with scrotal involvement, decreased creatinine clearance, and hypertension should be closely monitored for sequelae of HSN.


Resumo Introdução A nefrite da púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein (NPHS) é definida como púrpura de Henoch-Schönlein com envolvimento renal, incluindo hematúria e/ou proteinúria. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os dados de pacientes com NPHS que foram submetidos à biópsia renal e comparar os principais parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais que podem afetar os achados da biópsia renal, os protocolos de tratamento e o desfecho de curto e longo prazo desses pacientes. Métodos Foram avaliadas retrospectivamente biópsias realizadas em 72 pacientes com NPHS entre Janeiro de 2007 e Janeiro de 2017. Eles foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com a classificação de biópsia renal do Estudo Internacional de Doenças Renais em Crianças. O desfecho renal, parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais, protocolos de tratamento e desfechos foram comparados entre os grupos. Foi avaliado o acompanhamento de pacientes de curto e longo prazo. Resultados De 72 pacientes, 47 eram homens (65,3%) e 44 (61,1%) tinham ≤10 anos de idade. A razão neutrófilo-linfócito foi encontrada mais alta em pacientes com envolvimento escrotal (p=0,042). O desfecho desfavorável de curto prazo foi significativamente maior em pacientes com envolvimento escrotal (p=0,038). Constatou-se que pacientes com hipertensão e diminuição da depuração de creatinina apresentaram desfechos mais desfavoráveis no acompanhamento de longo prazo (p=0,029, p=0,040). Conclusão A ciclosporina-A e a ciclofosfamida podem ser eficazes em pacientes com NPHS não responsivos a esteroides. Pacientes com envolvimento escrotal, diminuição da depuração de creatinina e hipertensão devem ser monitorados de perto para sequelas de NPHS.

19.
Rev. bioét. (Impr.) ; 30(1): 27-35, jan.-mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376497

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo se propõe a refletir sobre a obrigação médica em decorrência da violação das regras éticas de publicidade em medicina, em especial quando veiculada nas mídias sociais. Por meio do método dedutivo, será discutida a natureza jurídica da obrigação do profissional, que, via de regra, se dá como obrigação de meio. Entretanto, a discussão surge quando o conteúdo da mensagem publicitária e a forma como é veiculada possibilitam transformar essa obrigação em obrigação de resultado, alterando então a natureza jurídica de essência do médico. Para viabilizar o debate, com base em revisão bibliográfica, este artigo expõe a possibilidade de o profissional responder civilmente por violações éticas relativas à publicidade médica e ao comprometimento do consentimento informado, ou seja, se o médico induz resultado, que ele seja responsabilizado por não alcançar o desfecho proposto.


Abstract This article reflects on medical obligation due to the violation of the ethical rules of advertising in medicine, especially when published on social media. Using the deductive method, the legal nature of a professional's obligation will be discussed, which, as a rule, is an obligation of means. However, the discussion arises when the content of the advertising message and how it is conveyed make it possible to transform this obligation into an obligation of result, thus changing the legal nature of the physician's essence. To enable the debate, based on a literature review, this article exposes the possibility of the professional being civilly responsible for ethical violations related to medical advertising and the impairment of informed consent, that is, if the physician induces results, that he is liable for not achieving the proposed outcome.


Resumen Este artículo se propone reflexionar sobre la obligación médica derivada de la violación de las normas éticas de la publicidad en medicina, especialmente cuando se difunde por las redes sociales. Con base en el método deductivo se discutirá la naturaleza jurídica de la obligación del profesional que, en general, se da como obligación de medios. Sin embargo, se plantea la discusión cuando el contenido del mensaje publicitario y la forma como se difunde permiten convertir esta obligación en una obligación de resultado, modificando así la naturaleza jurídica de la esencia del médico. Para facilitar el debate, y con base en una revisión bibliográfica, este artículo expone la posibilidad de que el profesional sea civilmente responsable de las violaciones éticas relacionadas con la publicidad médica y con el compromiso del consentimiento informado, es decir, si el médico induce un resultado, debe ser responsable de no lograr el resultado propuesto.


Subject(s)
Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Liability, Legal , Treatment Outcome , Advertising , Damage Liability , Ethics, Medical , Social Media
20.
Rev. méd. hered ; 33(1): 56-63, ene.-mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409876

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El edema macular diabético (EMD) es la primera causa de disminución de la visión entre los pacientes diabéticos. Puede empezar en cualquiera de las etapas de la retinopatía diabética y estar asociada a comorbilidades que pueden afectar varios sistemas del organismo. Muchas veces el paciente diabético con edema macular necesita un manejo multidisciplinario por el que recibe atención inicial de especialistas no oftalmólogos. Existe evidencia que respalda que el diagnóstico precoz y el tratamiento oportuno del EMD puede minimizar la pérdida visual permanente. Los especialistas no oftalmólogos que atienden pacientes diabéticos pueden contribuir a detectar precozmente el EMD que pudiera tener su paciente para recibir la atención oftalmológica correspondiente. El propósito de esta revisión es proveer a la comunidad médica de información sobre la contribución de la tomografía de coherencia óptica en el diagnóstico del EMD y cómo reconocer los biomarcadores tomográficos que permitan pronosticar el resultado visual de su tratamiento.


SUMMARY Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the leading cause of decreased vision among diabetic patients. It can begin in any of the stages of diabetic retinopathy and be associated with comorbidities that can affect various body systems. Many times, the diabetic patient with macular edema needs multidisciplinary management through which he receives initial care from non-ophthalmologist specialists. There is evidence to support that early diagnosis and prompt treatment of DME can minimize permanent visual loss. Non-ophthalmologist specialists who care for diabetic patients can help to detect the DME that their patient may have early to receive the corresponding ophthalmological care. The purpose of this review is to provide the medical community with information on the contribution of optical coherence tomography in the diagnosis of DME and how to recognize tomographic biomarkers that allow predicting the visual outcome of its treatment.

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