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1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 21(6): 549-559, Jan 6, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283603

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Vírus Linfotrópico de Células T Humana do Tipo-1 (HTLV-1) é um retrovírus que afeta os linfócitos T humano e desencadeia inflamação na medula, levando à paraparesia espástica tropical/mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1 (PET/MAH) com prejuízos funcionais. Tais disfunções podem influenciar nos efeitos da fisioterapia, gerando diferentes níveis de fadiga. Objetivo: Avaliar a percepção subjetiva de esforço e de recuperação de indivíduos com PET/MAH após sessão única de fisioterapia. Métodos: Incluíram-se 12 participantes sintomáticos para PET/MAH, de ambos os sexos, que foram submetidos uma vez ao protocolo fisioterapêutico. Os instrumentos avaliativos foram: Escala Modificada de Borg, Escala de Percepção Subjetiva de Recuperação (1º, 5º e 10º minuto após a sessão) e Escala de Incapacidade Neurológica do Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas ­ 2 (EIPEC). Resultados: Encontrou-se correlação moderada entre idade e taxa de percepção subjetiva de recuperação ao 1º (r = - 0,4923) e 5º (r = - 0,4913) minuto e entre índice do EIPEC-2 e taxa de percepção subjetiva de recuperação ao 1º (r = 0,3592) e 5º (r = - 0,3772) minuto. Conclusão: Indivíduos deste estudo com maior idade e grau de incapacidade neurológica têm menor percepção subjetiva de recuperação. (AU)


Introduction: Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type-1 (HTLV-1) is a retrovirus that affects human T lymphocytes and triggers inflammation in the spinal cord, leading to tropical spastic paraparesis / HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM) with functional impairments. Such dysfunctions can influence the effects of physical therapy, generating different levels of fatigue. Objective: To evaluate the subjective perception of effort and recovery of individuals with TSP/HAM after a single session of physical therapy. Methods: 12 symptomatic participants for TSP/HAM, of both sexes, who were submitted once to a physiotherapeutic protocol were included. The evaluative instruments were: Modified Borg Scale, Scale of Subjective Perception of Recovery (1st, 5th and 10th minute after the session) and Scale of Neurological Disability at the Evandro Chagas Clinical Research Institute - 2 (EIPEC). Results: A moderate correlation was found between age and subjective perception rate of recovery at the 1st (r = - 0.4923) and 5th (r = - 0.4913) minute and between the EIPEC-2 index and the subjective perception rate of recovery at the 1st (r = 0.3592) and 5th (r = - 0.3772) minute. Conclusion: Individuals in this study with older age and degree of neurological disability have less subjective perception of recovery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Physical Therapy Modalities , Fatigue , Exercise , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e06232020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155605

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Individuals with human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) experience sensorimotor alterations, which can affect functional performance. Virtual reality (VR) videogaming is a therapeutic option, though there is scarce evidence for its use in this population. We aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of a VR video game on functional mobility, balance, and gait speed in individuals with HAM/TSP. METHODS: We conducted a blinded, crossover clinical trial comprising 29 individuals with HAM/TSP and randomized them into two groups: (1) early therapy: rehabilitative protocol started immediately after the initial evaluation and (2) late therapy: rehabilitative protocol started 10 weeks later. We assessed all participants for balance using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) scores, functional mobility using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and gait speed using video camera and CvMob software. Differences were considered significant if p<0.05. RESULTS: The early therapy group individuals presented with higher BBS scores (p=0.415), less TUG times (p=0.290), and greater gait speed (p=0.296) than the late therapy group individuals. CONCLUSIONS: VR videogaming is a useful option for rehabilitative therapy in individuals with HAM/TSP; it positively affects balance, functional mobility, and gait speed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/therapy , Video Games , Virtual Reality , Walking Speed
3.
Infectio ; 24(2): 57-60, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114840

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introduccion: La infección con el virus linfotrópico de células T humano (HTLV) de tipo 1 y 2 es endémica en América del Sur. Existen muy pocos reportes clínicos de este retrovirus en pacientes de Ecuador y nunca confirmaron la presencia del virus con el aislamiento o la detección de su ADN. Esta infección se encuentra desatendida por las autoridades de salud pública, sin que existan estudios epidemiológicos de prevalencia a nivel del país. Objetivos: Este estudio tiene como objetivo la detección de infección por HTLV -1/2 en individuos sintomáticos de paraparesis espástica tropical (TSP) utilizando por primera vez en Ecuador diagnóstico serológico y la detección del provirus por biología molecular. Diseño del estudio. Se tomaron muestras de nueve pacientes con un diagnóstico de mielopatía y sospechoso de TSP, que fueron analizadas para la detección del virus HTLV-1/2 usando tres metodologías: ELISA comercial, ensayo de inmunofluorescencia indirecta (IF) y PCR anidada. Resultados: Cinco de los 9 (55.5%) pacientes fueron positivos tanto para la prueba de ELISA como para IF y PCR anidada. Conclusión: La alta prevalencia de infección por HTLV-1/2 entre individuos sintomáticos de mielopatía muestra la endemicidad de este retrovirus en Ecuador, la asociación de HTLV-1/2 con TSP y la necesidad de implementar estrategias de control y prevención para evitar la diseminación de esta enfermedad infecciosa desatendida.


Abstract Background: Infection with the Human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) type 1 and 2 is endemic in South America. There are only a few clinical reports of this retrovirus in patients in Ecuador, without employing virus-isolation methods or viral DNA detection. The infection is usually neglected in health care settings and by public health authorities and no country wide prevalence data are available. Objectives: This study aims to detect the HTLV-1/2 infection in symptomatic individuals for tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) using for the first time in Ecuador both immunological and molecular biology methodologies. Study Design: Blood samples of 9 symptomatic individuals with myelopathy were analyzed for the detection of the HTLV-1/2 virus with three methods: ELISA, an indirect immunofluorescence (IF) assay and a nested-PCR. Results: Five out of 9 (55.5%) myelopathy patients were positive for ELISA, IF and nested- HTLV-1/2 PCR. Conclusion. The high prevalence of HTLV-1/2 infection among myelopathy patients shows the endemicity of this retrovirus in Ecuador, the association of HTLV-1/2 infection with TSP and the need of the implementation of control and prevention interventions to overcome the further dissemination of this neglected infectious disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , HTLV-I Infections , HTLV-II Infections , Serology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ecuador , Infections
4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(3): 149-157, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098071

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Physical therapy has positive results in people with tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP). However, mobility and distance from rehabilitation centers limit the participation in outpatient programs. Objective: To evaluate the impact of a home exercise program on the posture and functional mobility of people with TSP. Methods: A randomized controlled trial comparing three groups of people who performed guided exercises from a guidebook for six months: supervised (SG), unsupervised (WG), and control (CG). Primary outcomes: postural angles (SAPO®) and functional mobility (TUG). Secondary outcomes: gait parameters (CVMob®). Results: The protocol described in the guidebook improved postural angles and functional mobility. There were also positive gait parameter effects (p<0.05). SG presented better responses than WG did, but both were preferable to CG. Conclusion: Home exercises oriented by a guidebook may benefit posture, functional mobility and gait parameters in people with TSP, and physiotherapist supervision can ensure better results.


Resumo Introdução: A fisioterapia apresenta resultados positivos em pessoas com paraparesia espástica tropical (PET). Entretanto, a dificuldade de locomoção e a distância dos centros de reabilitação limitam a participação em programas ambulatoriais. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto de um programa de exercícios domiciliares na postura e mobilidade funcional de pessoas com PET. Métodos: Um ensaio clínico randomizado comparou três grupos de pessoas que realizaram exercícios guiados por cartilha: com supervisão (GS), sem supervisão (GN) e controle (GC) durante seis meses. Desfechos primários: ângulos posturais (SAPO®) e mobilidade funcional (TUG). Desfechos secundários: parâmetros da marcha (CVMob®). Resultados: O protocolo descrito na cartilha melhorou os ângulos posturais e a mobilidade funcional. Os resultados também foram positivos para os parâmetros da marcha (p<0,05). O GS apresentou melhores respostas que o GN, porém ambos foram preferíveis ao GC. Conclusão: Exercícios domiciliares orientados por cartilha podem ser úteis para beneficiar a postura, mobilidade funcional e parâmetros de marcha em pessoas com PET, e a supervisão do fisioterapeuta possibilita garantir melhores resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Posture/physiology , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Exercise , Treatment Outcome , Gait , Home Care Services
5.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 33: e003358, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133883

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The presence of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) associated with neuropathy (myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis - HAM/TSP), can generate morphological and functional changes in the respiratory system. As a preventive therapeutic possibility for respiratory dysfunctions, it is expected that the already conceptualized inspiratory muscle training, when performed at home, can be a therapeutic resource that favors adherence to treatment. Objective: To evaluate respiratory muscle strength in patients with HTLV-1 after participating in a home respiratory muscle training protocol under indirect supervision. Method: This was a clinical, longitudinal, prospective, quantitative, and single-center trial approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the State University of Pará, opinion no. 2.695.505 and registered in clinical trials NCT03829709. Six HTLV-1 patients participated in a 5-week home respiratory muscle training protocol lasting 30 minutes daily through a linear load inspiratory muscle trainer. For the characterization of the imposed load, they were submitted to manovacuometry during pre (T0), peri (T3), and post (T5) treatment. Results: Six individuals completed the program, of which 83.33% were female and 16.66% male. With the application of respiratory muscle training, it was possible to achieve a significant increase (p < 0.011) of the maximum inspiratory pressure as shown when comparing T0 (66.8±12.58) to T5 (115.08±31.78). Conclusion: This study identified an increase in inspiratory muscle strength after HTLV-1 patients participated in a home muscle training protocol under indirect supervision.


Resumo Introdução: A presença do vírus linfotrópico de células T humana do tipo 1 (HTLV-1) associado à neuropatia (Paraparesia Espástica Tropical/Mielopatia - PET/MAH) pode gerar alterações morfológicas e funcionais no sistema respiratório. Como possibilidade terapêutica preventiva para disfunções respiratórias, vislumbra-se que o treinamento muscular inspiratório já conceituado, possa a nível domiciliar ser uma ferramenta terapêutica que favoreça a adesão ao tratamento. Objetivo: Avaliar a força muscular respiratória diante de um protocolo de treinamento muscular respiratório domiciliar, sob supervisão indireta em portadores do HTLV- 1. Método: Estudo clínico, longitudinal, prospectivo, quantitativo e de centro único, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Universidade do Estado do Pará, parecer no. 2.695.505 e registrado no Clinical Trials NCT03829709. Seis pacientes com HTLV-1 participaram de um protocolo de treinamento muscular respiratório domiciliar por 5 semanas com duração de 30 minutos diários por meio de um treinador muscular inspiratório de carga linear. Para a caracterização da carga imposta, os mesmos foram submetidos a manovacuometria, pré (T0), peri (T3) e pós (T5) tratamento. Resultados: Seis indivíduos completaram o programa, dos quais 83.33% eram do sexo feminino e 16.66% do sexo masculino. Com a aplicação do treinamento muscular respiratório foi possível obter um aumento significativo (p < 0,011) da pressão inspiratória máxima ao comparar T0 (66.8±12.58) ao T5 (115.08±31.78). Conclusão: Este estudo identificou um aumento na força muscular inspiratória após pacientes com HTLV-1 participarem de um protocolo de treinamento muscular domiciliar sob supervisão indireta.

6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200388, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143860

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: A good rating of the device in people with HTLV-1 in this population is essential for accuracy in prescribing data (walking). Thus, this study aimed to analyze the counterpart assessment methods that are best suited to patients with human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-1 associated myelopathy or tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). METHODS: This cross-sectional study related stabilometric and kinematic variables of postural oscillations with Berg's balance scale (BBS) and Timed Up and Go (TUG) in subjects with HAM/TSP compared to asymptomatic subjects. To assess the posterior and lateral postural projection, baropodometry and the Footwork® system was used, and the CVMob system was applied to kinematic parameters. The means comparison tests and correlations were applied with an alpha of 5%. RESULTS: Thirty-nine subjects (predominantly female) made up the sample. There was an increase in barodopometric oscillations, in the total oscillation area (p = 0.004), in the anteroposterior oscillation in the left (p = 0.015) and right views (p = 0.036), and in the lateral oscillation (p = 0.039) in the HAM/TSP group. Moderate correlations were found between oscillation baropodometry and the angular variation of the ankle, as well as with the BBS in the three angles and the TUG for lateral oscillation (p = 0.406). CONCLUSIONS: Each method has advantages and disadvantages, including cost accuracy. The best resources available at no additional cost for outpatient to use are the kinematic evaluation using a simple smartphone camera and free analysis software, and the TUG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Rev. ecuat. neurol ; 28(2): 71-74, may.-ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058457

ABSTRACT

Resumen La infección por el virus linfotrópico de células T humano de tipo 1 (HTLV-1) es considerada endémica en América del Sur. Desde hace más de dos décadas existen reportes de casos clínicos de mielopatías asociadas a infección por el retrovirus HTLV-1 en pacientes de Ecuador, patología denominada paraparesis espástica tropical. Sólo hay dos estudios de seroprevalencia de HTLV-1 en Ecuador, ambos con tamaños muestrales pequeños pero en ambos casos indicativos de una alta prevalencia de HTLV-1, al menos comunidades afrodescendientes e indígenas de Ecuador. Pese a ello, y a diferencia de países vecinos, no se realiza tamizaje de bancos de sangre y órganos por parte de las autoridades sanitarias competentes. Por tanto, esta infección y las patologías asociadas a la misma (como la paraparesis espástica tropical) se encontrarían desatendidas y sub diagnosticadas. En definitiva, urge desarrollar estudios epidemiológicos de prevalencia a nivel del país e implementar estrategias de control y prevención para evitar la diseminación de esta infección.


Abstract The human T cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1) infection is considered endemic in South America. For more than two decades clinical cases of HTLV-1 associated mielopaties have been reported in Ecuador, pathology known as tropical spastic paraparesis. There is only two studies about HTLV-1 seroprevalence in Ecuador, both of them with small sample size but showing a high prevalence of HTLV-1 infection, at least for afrodescendants and indigenous communities. Howewer, there is not a currently screening for blood and organ banks carried out by ecuadorian public health authorities. This scenario makes HTLV-1 infection and associated pathologies (like tropical spastic paraparesis) neglected diseases in Ecuador. More epidemiological studies need to be implemented in order to develope control and prevention strategies in the country.

8.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 55(2): 5-10, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009994

ABSTRACT

The human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a retrovirus that infects about 20 million people worldwide and causes immune-mediated diseases of the nervous system. The classical neurological presentation of HTLV-1 infection is the so-called HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). However, HAM/ TSP is not the only neurological outcome that can result from HTLV-1 infection. In this Review it is made an update on the many aspects of this important neurological condition, the HTLV-1 neurological complex.


O vírus linfotrópico de células T humanas tipo 1 (HTLV-1) é um retrovírus que infecta cerca de 20 milhões de pessoas em todo o mundo e causa doenças imunomediadas do sistema nervoso. A apresentação neurológica clássica da infecção pelo HTLV-1 é a chamada paraparesia espástica tropical / mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1 (HAM/TSP). HAM / TSP,no entanto, não é o único desfecho neurológico que pode resultar da infecção pelo HTLV-1. Nesta revisão, é feita uma atualização sobre vários aspectos desta importante condição neurológica, o complexo neurológico do HTLV-1.


Subject(s)
Humans , HTLV-I Infections/complications , HTLV-I Infections/diagnosis , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/etiology , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Corticosterone/therapeutic use , HTLV-I Infections/drug therapy , Disease Progression , Diagnosis, Differential , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
9.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 9(1): 18-27, Fev. 2019. tab, fig
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150701

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A marcha de pessoas com Mielopatia Associada ao HTLV-1 ou Paraparesia Espástica Tropical (HAM/TSP) é pouco conhecida. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o perfil cinemático da marcha em pessoas com HAM/TSP. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com 25 pessoas com HAM/TSP e 25 participantes saudáveis. Os dados espaço-temporais e angulares das filmagens da marcha foram submetidos à análise cinemática utilizando o software CVMob®. A marcha dos participantes com HAM/TSP foi analisada quantitativamente através do teste t-student (alfa de 5% e poder de 80%). O projeto foi aprovado pelo comitê de ética da Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública sob o CAAE 13568213.8.0000.5544. RESULTADOS: O grupo HAM/TSP apresentou alterações significativas em dois domínios distintos da análise biomecânica da marcha quando comparados aos controles saudáveis. As variáveis angulares apresentaram maior inclinação, flexão e extensão do tronco (p <0,05); aumento da flexão do quadril e diminuição da extensão do quadril (p <0,05); diminuição da flexão e extensão do joelho (p <0,05); diminuição da flexão dorsal e plantar do tornozelo (p <0,05). A amplitude de movimento também foi reduzida em todas essas articulações. As variáveis espaço-temporais mostraram diminuição do comprimento da passada, aumento do tempo da passada e velocidade do ciclo da marcha (p <0,001). Essas mudanças apontam para redução nas amplitudes articulares do quadril, joelho e tornozelo, mudanças na base de apoio e assimetria do tempo do duplo apoio entre os lados direito e esquerdo, redução do tempo do pré-balanço, elevação do quadril no balanço médio e queda do pé ao longo do balanço. CONCLUSÃO: As pessoas com HAM/TSP apresentam marcha caracterizada por redução nas amplitudes articulares do quadril, joelho e tornozelo, assimetria do tempo de suporte duplo entre os lados direito e esquerdo, redução do tempo do pré-balanço, elevação do quadril no balanço médio e queda do pé ao longo do balanço.


INTRODUCTION: The gait in people with HTLV-1 Associated Myelopathy or Tropical Spastic Paraparesis (HAM / TSP) is little known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the kinematic profile of gait in people with HAM/ TSP. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 25 people with HAM/TSP and 25 healthy participants. Spatiotemporal and angular data from filming of gait were submitted to kinematic analysis using CVMob® software. The gait of partipants with HAM/TSP was analized quantitatively through t Student test (alpha 5% and Power of 80%). The project was approved by Ethical Committee of the Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health with CAAE 13568213.8.0000.5544. RESULTS: The HAM/TSP group showed significant changes in two different domains of biomechanical gait analysis when compared to healthy controls. The angular variables showed increased trunk inclination, flexion and extension (p<0.05); increased hip flexion and decreased hip extension (p<0.05); decreased knee flexion and extension (p<0.05); decreased ankle dorsi and plantar flexion (p<0.05). Range of Motion was also reduced in all those joints. The spatiotemporal variables showed decreased stride length, increased stride time and speed gait cycle (p<0.001). Those changes point out to reduction in joint amplitudes of hip, knee and ankle, changes in support base and double support time asymmetry between right and left sides, reduction of pre-swing time, hip lift in the mid-swing, and foot drop throughout the swing. CONCLUSION: People with HAM/TSP have gait characterized by reduction in joint amplitudes of hip, knee and ankle, asymmetry between right and left sides and reduction of pre-swing time, hip lift in the mid-swing, and foot drop throughout the swing.


Subject(s)
Gait , Rehabilitation , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic
10.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190101, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013318

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM) is a disease caused by human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I) that mainly infects CD4 T cells-for example, those of the CD4+CD25hiFOXP3+ [Treg] phenotype-where it inhibits forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3) expression and promotes interferon-γ (IFN-γ) expression. However, the role it exerts on regulatory B cells (CD19+CD24hiCD38hi; Breg) is unknown. METHODS: The frequencies of Treg and Breg cells was evaluated and the Th1 profiles were assessed in TSP/HAM patients and healthy control subjects. RESULTS: Low percentages of Breg cells and high production of IFN-γ were observed in patients compared to those in healthy control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The low percentage of Breg cells in patients and the increase in the frequency of Th1 cells suggest an imbalance in the control of the inflammatory response that contributes to the immunopathogenesis of TSP/HAM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/immunology , Interferon-gamma/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/virology , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/virology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/virology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/virology , Viral Load , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/virology
11.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(6): 651-654, Nov.-Dec. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897784

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction HTLV-1 infection is endemic in Japan, Caribbean, Africa, and South America. It is transmitted from mother to child, sexual contact, blood transfusions, or sharing needles. Tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) is a chronic degenerative neurological disease associated with this infection. It results from a spinal cord symmetrical degeneration at the thoracic level and is characterized by progressive motor weakness in the lower limbs, hyperreflexia, sensitivity changes, urinary incontinence, and bladder dysfunction. Clinical case Female, 53 years old, HTLV-1 infection and TSP. She had decreased strength in the lower limbs and hyperreflexia, paretic gait, spasticity, and neurogenic bladder symptoms, with recurrent urinary infections. She was scheduled for cystectomy. The patient was monitored according to standard ASA. Due to severe coagulopathy and the possibility of neurological worsening, epidural catheter was not placed. The induction of general anesthesia was performed with midazolam and fentanyl, followed by etomidate and cisatracurium. She was intubated with a tube size seven and maintained with desflurane and oxygen. Anesthesia was uneventful; the surgery lasted 1 hour and 50 min. There were no complications in the immediate postoperative period, during hospitalization, nor deterioration of the neurological examination. The patient was discharged 20 days later. Discussion/Conclusion There are reports of decreased electromyographic response and neurological deterioration associated with propofol in these patients, etomidate was used. The hepatic metabolism of rocuronium posed a risk, we chose to use cistracurium. It was concluded that the anesthesia chosen did not affect the course of the disease.


Resumo Introdução A infecção por HTLV- 1 é endêmica no Japão, nas Caraíbas, na África e na América do Sul. A transmissão ocorre de mãe para filho, por contatos sexuais, transfusões de sangue ou partilha de agulhas. A essa infeção está associada uma doença neurológica degenerativa crônica, a paraparesia espástica tropical (TSP). Essa resulta de uma degeneração simétrica da espinal medula em nível torácico. Caracteriza-se por diminuição progressiva da força nos membros inferiores, hiperreflexia, alterações de sensibilidade, incontinência urinária e disfunção vesical. Caso clínico Mulher de 53 anos, infecção por HTLV-1 e TSP. Apresentava diminuição da força nos membros inferiores e hiperreflexia, tinha uma marcha parética, espasticidade e sintomas de bexiga neurogênica com infecções urinárias de repetição. Foi proposta para cistectomia. Foi monitorada de acordo com o padrão da ASA. Devido à coagulopatia grave e à possibilidade de agravamento neurológico, não se colocou cateter epidural. A indução da anestesia geral foi feita com midazolam e fentanil seguidos de etomidato e cisatracúrio. Foi entubada com um tubo sete e mantida com desflurano e oxigênio. A anestesia decorreu sem intercorrências, a cirurgia terminou em uma hora e 50 minutos. Não houve quaisquer complicações no pós-operatório imediato, durante a internação, nem deterioração do exame neurológico. A doente teve alta 20 dias depois. Discussão/Conclusão Há relatos de diminuição da resposta eletromiográfica e deterioração neurológica associadas ao propofol nesses doentes, razão para uso de etomidato. A metabolização hepática do rocurônio representava um risco e se optou pelo cisatracúrio. Conclui-se que o plano anestésico escolhido não teve qualquer interferência no curso da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Cystectomy , Anesthesia, General/methods , Middle Aged
12.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(2): 133-139, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839193

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Despite the high prevalence of chronic pain in individuals infected with HTLV-1, predictive and protective factors for its development are still unclear. Objective To identify factors associated with chronic pain in individuals with HTLV-1. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in a reference center for treatment of patients infected with HTLV-1 in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. The study included individuals infected with HTLV-1, over 18 years, and excluded those with difficulty to respond the pain protocol. Data on sociodemographic, health behavior, and clinical characteristics were collected in a standardized way. The prevalence ratio (PR) of pain is described, as well as the factors independently associated with the presence of pain, which were assessed by multiple logistic regression. Results A total of 142 individuals were included in the study, mostly female (62.7%), aged 20–64 years (73.2%), married (61.3%), with less than eight years of education (54.2%), and with a steady income (79.6%). Multivariate analysis showed that being symptomatic for HTLV-1 – sensory manifestations, erectile dysfunction, overactive bladder, and/or HAM/TSP (PR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.05 to 1.38), self-medication (PR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.08–1.53), physiotherapy (PR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.02–1.28), and depression (PR = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.01–1.29) were associated with an increased likelihood of presenting pain. On the other hand, physical activity (PR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.67–0.93) and religious practice (PR = 0.83, 95% CI: 0.72–0.95) were associated with a decreased likelihood of having pain. Conclusion The use of self-medication, physiotherapy and the presence of depression are independently associated with neurological symptoms in HTLV-1 infected patients. Religious practice and physical activity are both protective for the development of pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pain/etiology , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , HTLV-I Infections/complications , Pain/prevention & control , Pain/epidemiology , Religion , Socioeconomic Factors , Exercise , Chronic Disease , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 58: e11, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774571

ABSTRACT

Publications are often used as a measure of research work success. Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) type 1 and 2 are human retroviruses, which were discovered in the early 1980s, and it is estimated that 15-20 million people are infected worldwide. This article describes a bibliometric review and a coauthorship network analysis of literature on HTLV indexed in PubMed in a 24-year period. A total of 7,564 documents were retrieved, showing a decrease in the number of documents from 1996 to 2007. HTLV manuscripts were published in 1,074 journals. Japan and USA were the countries with the highest contribution in this field (61%) followed by France (8%). Production ranking changed when the number of publications was normalized by population (Dominican Republic and Japan), by gross domestic product (Guinea-Bissau and Gambia), and by gross national income per capita (Brazil and Japan). The present study has shed light on some of the defining features of scientific collaboration performed by HTLV research community, such as the existence of core researchers responsible for articulating the development of research in the area, facilitating wider collaborative relationships and the integration of new authors in the research groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bibliometrics , Biomedical Research/statistics & numerical data , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Cooperative Behavior , Geography , Global Health , HTLV-I Infections/virology , Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data
14.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 7(4)dez. 2013.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696483

ABSTRACT

HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM/TSP) is the most common neurological manifestation of HTLV-I, causing progressive weakness, sensory disturbance, and sphincter dysfunction. Although motor disorders have been well described, few studies have associated cognitive disorders and HTLV-I infection. In areas endemic for HTLV-I infection, the differential diagnosis between HAM/TSP and other myelopathy etiologies can be difficult, particularly if the patient has signs and symptoms of brain involvement, since seropositive HTLV-I patients can present other neurological diseases. Here, we report one case initially diagnosed as Multiple Sclerosis (MS) which, upon further investigation, was found to be HTLV-I seropositive.


HTLV-I causando fraqueza progressiva, alterações de sensibilidade e disfunção esfincteriana. As alterações motoras são bem descritas, mas ainda são poucos os estudos que examinam a possibilidade de ocorrência de transtornos cognitivos na infecção pelo HTLV-I. Em áreas endêmicas para o HTLV-I, o diagnóstico diferencial com outras causas de mielopatias pode ser difícil, particularmente se o paciente tem sinais e sintomas de acometimento encefálico, já que a sorologia positiva para o HTLV-I pode ser detectada em pacientes com outras doenças neurológicas. Aqui relata-se o caso de uma paciente inicalmente diagnosticada com Esclerose Múltipla e que, na investigação posterior, foi encontrado soropositividade para HTLV-I.


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Cognitive Dysfunction , Multiple Sclerosis
15.
DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 24(4): 267-271, 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-677803

ABSTRACT

A infecção pelo vírus T-linfotrópico humano (HTLV) caracteriza-se como uma doença sexualmente transmissível (DST), que pode também ser adquirida pelas vias parenteral e vertical. Subdivide-se em dois tipos: o HTLV-I, relacionado com doenças como mielopatia associada a HTLV/paraparesia espástica tropical (HAM/TSP) e a leucemia/linfoma de células T do adulto (ATL). Já o HTLV-II ainda não foi correlacionado cientificamente com nenhuma patologia na atualidade. Seu diagnóstico é realizado pela triagem sorológica para a detecção de anticorpo anti-HTLV-I/II, sendo o exame confirmatório o western blot. Neste contexto, o objetivo do presente estudo foi descrever um relato de caso em que a mielopatia foi a manifestação clínica sinalizadora da infecção pelo HTLV, em consequência do diagnóstico tardio da infecção por este patógeno, na qual a paciente apresentou os sintomas, progrediu lentamente e recebeu o diagnóstico apenas no último estágio da patologia (HAM/TSP), quando se tornou cadeirante. Embora a paciente realize na atualidade a terapêutica proposta e o acompanhamento ambulatorial segundo o protocolo estabelecido para o manejo desta infecção viral, membros de sua família também foram avaliados e diagnosticados e apenas um se apresentou positivo para a infecção. Este estudo visa demonstrar a importância do rastreio laboratorial para a infecção pelo HTLV, na mesma dimensão do diagnóstico da sífilis e do HIV, de modo que o mesmo não ocorra de forma tardia, quando associado a suas manifestações clínicas nos pacientes ou a infecções oportunistas relacionadas.


The human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is characterized as a sexually transmitted disease (STD), it can also be transmitted by parenteral and vertical routes. It is subdivided into two types: the HTLV-I related diseases such as myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). HTLV-II has not been scientifically correlated with pathology yet. This diagnosis is made by serological screening for detection of HTLV antibody, and the western blot confirmatory test. In this context, the objective of this study was to describe a case in which myelopathy was signaling to the clinical manifestation of HTLV, as a result of delayed diagnosis of infection by this pathogen in which the patient had symptoms progressed slowly and received diagnosis only in the last stage of pathology (HAM/TSP), becoming a wheelchair user. Although nowadays the patient performs the therapeutic proposed and outpatient treatment according to the established protocol for the management of this viral infection, members of her family were also diagnosed and only one had a positive diagnosis of infection. This study aims to demonstrate the importance of laboratory screening for HTLV infection, in the same dimension of the diagnosis of syphilis and HIV, so that it does not occur so late, when it is associated to clinical manifestations in patients or related opportunistic infections


Subject(s)
Humans , HTLV-I Infections/transmission , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnosis , Breast Feeding , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Prenatal Care
16.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 40(2): 162-166, abr.-jun. 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: lil-656933

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La paraparesia espástica tropical es una infección endémica en Colombia, causada por el retrovirus HTLV-1. Se caracteriza por una mielopatía de lenta instauración que compromete principalmente los miembros inferiores. Las complicaciones como escaras por decúbito prolongado, retención urinaria por disfunción esfinteriana, fracturas, etc. hacen de estos pacientes candidatos quirúrgicos potenciales. Objetivo: Reporte de caso y revisión temática de la fisiopatología, la epidemiología, la clínica y el tratamiento, y de los aspectos anestésicos básicos de la enfermedad. Metodología: Reporte de caso y revisión temática. Se incluyeron en la búsqueda ensayos clínicos, metaanálisis, guías para la práctica, ensayos controlados aleatorizados, revisiones, reportes de casos, artículos clásicos, estudios comparativos, conferencias de consenso, clases magistrales y libros de texto, de artículos publicados sobre paraparesia espástica tropical/mielopatía asociada al HTLV-1 (PET/MAH) e implicaciones anestésicas. Se incluyeron las publicaciones cuyo tema central fuese etiología, fisiopatología, epidemiología, manifestaciones clínicas, tratamiento y repercusiones anestésicas de PET/MAH. Se realizó una búsqueda en PubMed, MdConsult, EBSCOhost, OvidSP y Scielo de artículos en inglés y español. Se utilizaron los términos MeSH: paraparesis, tropical spastic, anesthesia y los términos DeCS: paraparesia espástica tropical, anestesia. Se estudiaron de forma independiente los títulos y resúmenes de los artículos identificados en las bases de datos. Resultados: Se describe el caso de un adulto masculino quien fue llevado a cirugía para reconexión uretral, después de presentar una de las complicaciones características de la paraparesia espástica tropical. La búsqueda arrojó 1.829 estudios. Veinte escritos cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se hace una presentación de implicaciones anestésicas y de la enfermedad.


Introduction: Tropical spastic paraparesis is an endemic infection in Colombia caused by the HTLV-1 retrovirus. It is characterized by a slow and progressive myelopathy that initially targets lower limbs. Complications such as eschars due to a prolonged decubitus, urinary retention to sphincter dysfunction, fractures, etc. make these patients potential surgery candidates. Objective: To report a case and to review the physiopathology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, treatment and basic anesthetic considerations of this disease. Methods: Case report and topic review. The research included clinical trials, meta-analysis, practice guides, randomized controlled assays, revisions, case reports, classic articles, comparative studies, consensus conferences, magisterial classes and textbooks regarding published articles on tropicalsSpastic paraparesis/HTLV-1 (TSP/HAM) Associated myelopathy and anesthetic implications. Publications focused on etiology, physiopatology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, treatment and anesthetic repercussions of TSP/ HAM were included in this article. Research was carried out through PubMed, MdConsult, EBSCOhost, OvidSP, and Scielo, of articles in English and Spanish. The MeSH terms used were: paraparesis, tropical spastic, anesthesia and the DeCS terms were: paraparesia espástica tropical, anestesia. Titles and abstracts of articles identified in the database were studied independently. Results: We describe the case of a male adult patient who was admitted to surgery for urethral reconnection after presenting a classic complication of tropical spastic paraparesis. Research on the topic yielded 1829 studies. A total 20 writings met the inclusion criteria. We present implications regarding anesthesia and the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 70(4): 252-256, Apr. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622587

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare neurological symptoms and signs in HTLV-1 asymptomatic carriers and HTLV-1 patients with overactive bladder (OB) syndrome. METHODS: We studied 102 HTLV-1 positive individuals without HAM/TSP (HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis) divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of OB syndrome. Clinical interview, neurological exam and proviral load was performed in all patients. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with OB were more commonly female (84.3 vs. 60.8% of asymptomatics, p=0.01). The prevalence of neurological complaints was higher in OB group, especially hand or foot numbness and arm or leg weakness. There was no difference between the groups in neurological strength and reflexes. Weakness complaint remained strongly associated with OB in multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusting for sex and age [adjusted odds ratio and 95%CI 3.59 (1.45-8.88) in arms and 6.68 (2.63-16.93) in legs]. Proviral load was also different between the two groups with higher level on OB individuals.


OBJETIVO: Comparar sintomas e sinais neurológicos em pacientes portadores do HTLV-1 assintomáticos e com síndrome de bexiga hiperativa (BH). MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 102 indivíduos com HTLV-1 sem HAM/TSP (mielopatia associada ao HTLV-I/paraparesia espástica tropical), divididos em dois grupos segundo a presença ou ausência de BH. Foram realizados em todos os pacientes entrevista clínica, exame neurológico e carga proviral. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: Indivíduos com BH foram na maioria do sexo feminino (84,3 vs. 60,8% dos assintomáticos, p=0,01). A prevalência de queixas neurológicas foi maior no grupo BH, especialmente dormências e fraqueza em extremidades. Não houve diferença entre os grupos em relação a achados do exame neurológico. Fraqueza subjetiva permaneceu fortemente associada com BH na regressão logística multivariada ajustada para sexo e idade [OR e IC95% 3,59 (1,45-8,88) nos braços e 6,68 (2,63-16,93) nas pernas]. A carga proviral foi também diferente entre os dois grupos com nível maior em indivíduos com BH.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/complications , Urinary Bladder, Overactive/virology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Viral Load
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 43(6): 668-672, Nov.-Dec. 2010. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-569428

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A mielopatia associada ao retrovírus HTLV-1 (HAM/TSP) é uma doença progressiva e incapacitante. O objetivo deste trabalho é determinar características clínico-epidemiológicas de pacientes com HAM/TSP. MÉTODOS: Série de casos admitidos de 01/1998 a 12/ 2007, em hospital de reabilitação utilizando os critérios diagnósticos de HAM/TSP. RESULTADOS: Participaram 206 pacientes, dos quais, 67 por cento eram mulheres, com 53 anos de média de idade, nove anos de média de duração de doença. Os sintomas mais frequentes foram a diminuição da força em membros inferiores, espasticidade, dor, presença de bexiga neurogênica e a constipação intestinal. Os sinais neurológicos foram hiperreflexia, Babinsky, Hoffmann e neuropatia periférica. A presença de dor, de espasticidade muscular e de atrofia medular à ressonância nuclear magnética de medula espinhal foram associadas à duração da doença (p<0,05). CONCLUSÕES: A HAM/TSP é uma doença de curso incapacitante e progressiva, em que a dor é relatada precocemente, enquanto a atrofia medular torácica e a espasticidade surgem em fase mais tardia. Existem casos de HAM/TSP com provável transmissão do vírus por via vertical.


INTRODUCTION: Human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I) myelopathy (HAM/TSP) is a progressive disabling disorder. This work aimed to analyze clinical features and epidemiology in a sample of HAM/TSP. METHODS: All HTLV-1 infected patients with diagnostic criteria for HAM/TSP, consecutively admitted to the Sarah Hospital from 1998 to 2007, were included in the study. RESULTS: 206 patients (67 percent females; mean age: 53.8 years-old) were diagnosed with HAM/TSP. The mean time of evolution was 9.0 years. The most common neurological symptoms were chronic progressive spastic paraparesis, spasticity, pain, neurogenic bladder and neurogenic bowel. The neurological findings were hyperreflexia, Babinsky, Hoffman and peripheral neuropathy. Pain, spasticity and spinal cord atrophy, observed in MRI, were associated with time of disease (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HAM/TSP is a very disabling disorder, in which pain is reported early, while spasticity and thoracic spinal cord atrophy appear in a later phase of the disease. Cases of HAM/TSP exist with a probable vertical viral transmission.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Educational Status , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/diagnosis , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/transmission , Time Factors
19.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 32(1): 86-89, fev. 2010. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-551516

ABSTRACT

Dois casos de paraparesia espástica tropical / mielopatia associada ao HTLV-1 (HAM/TSP) foram diagnosticados no Hemocentro do Amazonas - Hemoam, em familiares de doador de sangue soropositivo para o HTLV-1 assintomático. Aqui descrevemos a investigação familiar, as características clínicas dos casos e as manifestações dermatológicas associadas.


Herein we report on two cases of tropical spastic paraparesis / myelopathy associated with HTLV-1 (HAM/TSP) diagnosed in relatives of a blood donor found positive for HTLV-1 at serologic screening. The donor himself was asymptomatic. Family studies, the clinical characteristics of the cases and the associated dermatologic manifestations are reported.


Subject(s)
Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Respirovirus Infections , Spinal Cord Diseases , Degloving Injuries
20.
Brasília méd ; 46(4)dez. 2009. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-540133

ABSTRACT

Introdução. Doença associada ao vírus tipo 1 linfotrópico de células T humanas ou paraparesia espástica tropical é uma mielopatia caracterizada por início insidioso, com fraqueza nas extremidades dos membros inferiores, seguida por espasticidade e ou hiperreflexia global, disfunção esfincteriana vesical e intestinal e perda sensorial variável. Objetivo. Avaliar a eficácia do tratamento com metilprednisolona em altas doses, em relação ao tempo de evolução e apresentação clínica de pacientes com a doença. Método. Estudou-se a avaliação clínica de longo termo (t = 24 meses) da resposta de treze pacientes com diagnóstico precoce do quadro ao tratamento com metilprednisolona em esquema mensal de administração (1 g/dia por três dias), por seis meses consecutivos, com atendimento em hospital-dia. Foi realizado o acompanhamento dos pacientes, usando-se como parâmetros as escalas de critérios clínicos de Osame e Kurtzke, e comparou-se com um grupo-controle pareado por sexo, idade e quadro clínico (n = 13), que não recebeu esse tipo de tratamento. Resultados. O resultado do teste estatístico de Mann-Whitney para o índice final das escalas de Osame e Kurtzke foi p = 0,1688 (Delta t = 24 meses). Aplicou-se novamente o teste estatístico de Mann-Whitney às diferenças entre o índice final e inicial das escalas citadas acima, que resultou em p = 0,0154. O intervalo de confiança foi 95%, médiade 0,18 a 1,37. O qui ao quadrado (Yates, corrigido) foi 0,28. O risco relativo foi 0,5. Conclusão. Não houve diferença na manutenção do grau de incapacidade entre o grupo experimental e o grupo de controle. A fisioterapia foi um fator de proteção à estabilidade do grau de incapacidade entre os pacientes com a mielopatia em estudo.


Background. Human T linphotropic virus type 1 associated with myelopathy or tropical spastic paraparesis is a myelopathy characterized by insidious onset with weakness in the extremities of the inferior members, followed by spasticity, global hiperreflexy and dysfunction sensorial loss. Objective. The aim was to study the treatment with methylprednisolone in high doses, in relation to the time of evolution and presentation of the disease and its effectiveness. Methods. We studied the long term clinical response of patients with early diagnoses of human T linphotropic virus type 1 associated with myelopathy or tropical spastic paraparesis to treatment with methylprednisolone in a monthly scheme of administration (1 g/day for three days) for six months. The patients were followed during 24 months using as parameters the scales of clinical criteria by Osame and Kurtzke and compared with a control group of patients who did not receive this treatment type. Results. Mann-Whitney for the final score is p = 0.1688 (delta t = 24 months) and Mann-Whitney for the differences between the final and the initial scores is p = 0.0154. Confidence interval of 95% ranged from 0.18 to 1.37. Chi-square (Yates, corrected) was 0.28. Relative risk was 0.5. Conclusion. There is no difference in the maintenance of the degree of disability between experimental group and control group. The physiotherapy is a protection factor for the stability of the degree of disability among patients with the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Diseases , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Methylprednisolone , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/therapy , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1
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