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1.
Adv Rheumatol ; 62: 4, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360069

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: We aimed to assess the concordance of recommendation for initiating statin therapy according to the 2019 World Health Organization (WHO) cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk charts and to the presence of carotid plaque (CP) identified with carotid ultrasound in Mexican mestizo rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and to determine the proportion of patients reclassified to a high cardiovascular risk after the carotid ultrasound was performed. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study nested of a RA patients' cohort. A total of 157 Mexican mestizo RA patients were included. The cardiovascular evaluation was performed using the 2019 WHO CVD risk charts (laboratory-based model) for the Central Latin America region. A carotid ultrasound was performed in all patients. The indication to start statin therapy was considered if the patient was classified as high risk, moderate risk if > 40 years with total cholesterol (TC) > 200 mg/dl or LDL-C > 120 mg/dl, and low risk if > 40 years with TC > 300 mg/dl, according to the WHO CVD risk chart or if the patient had carotid plaque (CP). Cohen's kappa (k) coefficient was used to evaluate the concordance between statin therapy initiation. Results: Initiation of statin therapy was considered in 49 (31.2%) patients according to the 2019 WHO CVD risk charts and 49 (31.2%) patients by the presence of CP. Cardiovascular risk reclassification by the presence of CP was observed in 29 (18.9%) patients. A slight agreement (k = 0.140) was observed when comparing statin therapy recommendations between 2019 WHO CVD risk charts and the presence of CP. Conclusion: The WHO CVD risk charts failed to identify a large proportion of patients with subclinical atherosclerosis detected by the carotid ultrasound and the concordance between both methods was poor. Therefore, carotid ultra-sound should be considered in the cardiovascular evaluation of RA patients.

2.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 25(2): 179-184, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286746

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Squamous cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (HNSCC) is the most common tumor entity of malignant processes in the head and neck area. Due to the metastasizing behavior of these tumors, the staging is indispensable for the treatment planning and requires imaging techniques, which are sensitive, specific, and as far as possible cost-effective, to benefit ultimately the patient and to ensure optimal care. Objectives The aim of the present study is to compare the clinical examination including palpation, ultrasound and computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of neck metastases to make the correct indication for a neck dissection. Methods Data from 286 patients with HNSCC were analyzed for neck metastases to determine which diagnostic tool is the best to answer the question if a neck dissection is necessary or not. Each study method was examined retrospectively by comparing sensitivity, specificity, the positive/negative predictive value, the positive likelihood ratio and the diagnostic accuracy. Results The ultrasound showed a sensitivity of 91.52%, a specificity of 61.67%, a positive/negative predictive value of 76.65%/84.09%, a positive likelihood ratio of 2.39 and a diagnostic accuracy of 78.95%. The clinical examination showed a sensitivity of 75.76%, a specificity of 66.12%, a positive/negative predictive value of 75.30%/66.67%, a positive likelihood ratio of 2.24 and a diagnostic accuracy of 71.68%. The CT/MRI showed a sensitivity of 78.66%, a specificity of 62.50%, a positive/negative predictive value of 74.14%/68.18%, a positive likelihood ratio of 2.10 and a diagnostic accuracy of 71.83%. Radiographically, ultrasound, as well as the clinical examination, could be judged to be free from radiation load and side effects from the contrast medium. The high dependence on the investigator when using ultrasound made reproducibility of the results difficult. Conclusions It could be shown that ultrasound was the diagnostic tool with the highest sensitivity, positive/negative predictive value, positive likelihood ratio and diagnostic accuracy by detecting and interpreting metastases in the head and neck region correctly. Whether a neck dissection should be performed depends to a large extent on the ultrasound findings.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922053

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound guided needle biopsy or catheterization is a rising operation in clinical diagnosis and treatment. However, poor visualization under ultrasound is the main disadvantage of this technique. This paper summarized the basic methods used to solve such problem, as well as the corresponding product technical requirements.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Needles , Ultrasonics , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879246

ABSTRACT

Both feature representation and classifier performance are important factors that determine the performance of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems. In order to improve the performance of ultrasound-based CAD for breast cancers, a novel multiple empirical kernel mapping (MEKM) exclusivity regularized machine (ERM) ensemble classifier algorithm based on self-paced learning (SPL) is proposed, which simultaneously promotes the performance of both feature representation and the classifier. The proposed algorithm first generates multiple groups of features by MEKM to enhance the ability of feature representation, which also work as the kernel transform in multiple support vector machines embedded in ERM. The SPL strategy is then adopted to adaptively select samples from easy to hard so as to gradually train the ERM classifier model with improved performance. This algorithm is verified on a B-mode ultrasound dataset and an elastography ultrasound dataset, respectively. The results show that the classification accuracy, sensitivity and specificity on B-mode ultrasound are (86.36±6.45)%, (88.15±7.12)%, and (84.52±9.38)%, respectively, and the classification accuracy, sensitivity and specificity on elastography ultrasound are (85.97±3.75)%, (85.93±6.09)%, and (86.03±5.88)%, respectively. It indicates that the proposed algorithm can effectively improve the performance of ultrasound-based CAD for breast cancers with the potential for application.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Computers , Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted , Humans , Support Vector Machine , Ultrasonography
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829940

ABSTRACT

@#Dental caries detector is a kind of diagnostic tool specifically designed for dental professionals to detect and monitor the early occurrence and development of dental caries. They are widely used in the clinic because of their advantages of rapid detection, flexible applications, ease of carrying, intuitive detection results and lack of pain for the patient. However, due to the different types and principles of the instruments produced by various instrument manufacturers, the clinical application range, sensitivity and specificity of test results also show significant differences. In terms of the current clinical application effects, although the DIAGNOdent caries detector has the widest range of clinical use, the accuracy of its detection results needs to be improved because it is affected by factors such as pigments and dental materials. The Canary System caries detector can effectively avoid the interference of the above factors, but its classification of the degree of caries is not clear. The DIAGNOcam caries detector can effectively detect early caries, but it has low reliability for occlusal caries detection. The existing dental caries detectors on the market can be used only as clinical auxiliary tools, and the accuracy of the detection results and comprehensiveness of the detection range need further improvement. With the application of the new multispectral near-infrared scanning fiber endoscope (NIR-SFE) and high-frequency ultrasound imaging (HFUS) in the detection of dental caries, a more efficient and accurate diagnosis of dental caries is possible in the future. To this end, we still need to continue exploring new technology to help clinicians complete the early diagnosis and treatment of dental caries to improve the quality of life of their patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872699

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Wenjingtang on the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and ultrastructure of mitochondria in rats with endometriosis (EMs), and to explore the mechanism of Wenjingtang in the treatment of EMs. Method:The EMs model rat was established by autogenous intimal transplantation, and the volume of ectopic lesions was measured by small animal ultrasound imaging system. According to the volume of ectopic lesions, rats successfully modeled were randomly divided into model group, low, middle ang high dose Wenjingtang group (4.85, 9.7, 19.4 g·kg-1) and gestrinone group (0.25 mg·kg-1), 10 in each group, another 10 rats were recruited in a sham operation group. After 6 weeks of drug treatment, the volume of ectopic lesions was measured by ultrasound imaging system and caliper, the morphology of ectopic endometrium was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) in peritoneal fluid were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), the mRNA and protein expression of HIF-1α in eutopic or ectopic endometrial tissues were detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot, and the ultrastructure of mitochondria in ectopic endometrium was observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Result:Compared with sham operation group, ectopic lesions were found in model group, showing vesicular structure, and the typical endometrial tissue morphology was found in the lesions. The contents of IL-1β, TNF-α, TGF-β1 and the expression of HIF-1α mRNA and protein were significantly increased than those in the sham operation group (P<0.05,P<0.01). TEM showed that the number of mitochondria in the cytoplasm of ectopic endometrium increased and the structure was intact. Compared with model group, the volume of ectopic focus was significantly decreased in all Wenjingtang groups (P<0.01), and the results of ultrasonic examination were basically consistent with those of caliper measurement, HE staining showed that the columnar epithelial cells of ectopic endometrium were damaged or exfoliated and the interstitial cells were loose, the content of TNF-α in each dose group of Wenjingtang was significantly decreased, the content of IL-1β and TGF-β1 in the medium dose and high dose groups of Wenjingtang was significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01), the expression of HIF-1α mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in all Wenjingtang groups (P<0.05,P<0.01). The mitochondria of ectopic endometrium were obviously swollen, the crest was broken or even disappeared, some of the mitochondria were vacuolar degeneration and the outer membrane was ruptured. Conclusion:Wenjingtang has a good therapeutic effect on experimental EMs in rats, and the mechanism is related to reducing the expression of HIF-1α, improving hypoxia in ectopic lesions and inducing mitochondrial damage in ectopic endometrium.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741753

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present experiences in localization and removal of non-palpable subdermal contraceptive implants with ultrasonography. METHODS: Medical records from January 1, 2016, to April 30, 2018, were retrospectively reviewed for 21 patients who were referred to a single institution and had an impalpable implant despite following the removal instruction. In all the cases, more than one attempt was made to remove the implant before referral. The rod was detected using radiography and ultrasonography. In all the cases, localization of the single implant was achieved with ultrasonography. The distal depth of the rod was measured, and skin marking was made following the echogenicity. The implants were subsequently removed under anesthesia. RESULTS: In 18 cases, the rods were localized using ultrasonography and successfully removed under local anesthesia. In the other three cases, removal with local anesthesia failed. Although the rod was detected successful with ultrasonography, the implants were removed under general anesthesia in the operating room. The depth from skin to rod, measured with ultrasonography, was >12.0 mm in all the cases and located deep in the muscular layer in the failure cases. The depth of the implants positively correlated with the time spent for removal (r=0.525; P=0.015). CONCLUSION: High frequency ultrasonography is a highly accurate tool for localization and measurement of the skin-to-rod depth. It is also useful for removing non-palpable implants. If the depth of the implant is >12.0 mm, removal of the implant in the operating room under general anesthesia is recommended.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Anesthesia, Local , Contraception , Device Removal , Humans , Medical Records , Operating Rooms , Radiography , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Ultrasonography
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761926

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) are excellent candidates for biomedical imaging because of unique characteristics like enhanced colloidal stability and excellent in vivo biocompatibility. Over the last decade, material scientists have developed IONPs with better imaging and enhanced optical absorbance properties by tuning their sizes, shape, phases, and surface characterizations. Since IONPs could be detected with magnetic resonance imaging, various attempts have been made to combine other imaging modalities, thereby creating a high-resolution imaging platform. Composite IONPs (CIONPs) comprising IONP cores with polymeric or inorganic coatings have recently been documented as a promising modality for therapeutic applications. METHODS: In this review, we provide an overview of the recent advances in CIONPs for multimodal imaging and focus on the therapeutic applications of CIONPs. RESULTS: CIONPs with phototherapeutics, IONP-based nanoparticles are used for theranostic application via imaging guided photothermal therapy. CONCLUSION: CIONP-based nanoparticles are known for theranostic application, longstanding effects of composite NPs in in vivo systems should also be studied. Once such issues are fixed, multifunctional CIONP-based applications can be extended for theranostics of diverse medical diseases in the future.


Subject(s)
Colloids , Iron , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multimodal Imaging , Nanoparticles , Optical Imaging , Polymers , Theranostic Nanomedicine , Ultrasonography
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756428

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the capability oftomography ultrasound (TUI) in evaluating the development of the normal anorectal structure to provide a reference for prenatal diagnosis of imperforate anus.Methods From June 2017 to July 2018,315 singleton pregnant women at 19-40 weeks of gestational age were selected from Beijing Tiantan Hospital,and they ranged in age from 23 to 40 years,with an average age of 29±3 years.The TUI technique was applied to measure the fetal anal sphincter diameter (ASD),anal canal diameter (ACD),and anal canal length (ACL).The correlation between ASD,ACD,or ACL and gestational age was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis,and the regression equation and curve were established.The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to evaluate the repeatability of the measurement ofASD,ACD,and ACL.Results The display rate of fetal anorectum in all fetuses by the TUI technique was 97.8% (308/315).Pearson correlation analysis showed that the normal fetal ASD,ACD,and ACL were positively correlated with the gestational age of the fetus,and the regression equations are:ASD,Y=-0.001X2 + 0.421X-1.726 (r=0.83,P < 0.01);ACD,Y=0.418X-4.207 (r=0.89,P < 0.01);and ACL,Y=0.526X-1.062 (r=0.87,P < 0.01).Conclusion TUI for assessment of fetal anorectum is feasible.This method can be applied to improve the display rate of fetal anorectum.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861231

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC) with tomographic ultrasound imaging (TUI) technique in diagnosis of fetal aortic arch malformation. Methods: Ultrasonic data of 45 fetuses diagnosed as aortic arch malformation were reviewed retrospectively. Three-vessel and trachea view of 2D echocardiography (2DE) were used to analyze the aortic arch position in relation to the trachea, and to find the aberrant brachiocephalic arteries. Volume data were obtained, and TUI reconstruction was used to form transverse and coronal TUI slices to observe the arch position, the aberrant left or right subclavian arteries, the origin and convergence of bilateral aortic arches. Results: Totally 5 fetuses of double aortic arch, 9 fetuses of left aortic arch with aberrant right subclavian arteries and 31 fetuses of right aortic arch were included. The accuracy rate of STIC-TUI in diagnosis of fetal aortic arch anomalies was significantly higher than that of 2DE (97.78% [44/45] vs 71.11% [32/45]; P<0.01). Conclusion: Fetal aortic arch malformation can be accurately diagnosed using STIC-TUI, which can be widely used with standardized post-analysis in the future.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774196

ABSTRACT

This paper explored the feasibility of using ultrasonic Nakagami statistic parameter imaging to evaluate the thermal lesion induced by microwave ablation (MWA) in porcine models. In this paper, thermal lesions were induced in livers and kidneys in 5 swines using a clinical MWA system. During this treatment progress, ultrasonic radiofrequency (RF) data were collected. The dynamic changes of Nakagami parameter in the thermal lesion were calculated, and the ultrasonic B-mode images and Nakagami images were reconstructed simultaneously. The contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) between the thermal lesion and the surrounding normal tissue was calculated over the MWA procedure. After MWA, a bright hyperechoic region appeared in the ultrasonic Nakagami image as an indicator of the thermal lesion and this bright spot enlarged with lesion development during MWA exposure. The mean value of Nakagami parameter in the liver and kidney increased from 0.78 and 0.79 before treatment to 0.91 and 0.92 after treatment, respectively. During MWA exposure, the mean values of CNR calculated from the Nakagami parameter increased from 0.49 to 1.13 in the porcine liver and increased from 0.51 to 0.85 in the kidney, which were both higher than those calculated from the B-mode images. This study on porcine models suggested that the ultrasonic Nakagami imaging may provide an alternative modality for monitoring MWA treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Kidney , Diagnostic Imaging , Liver , Diagnostic Imaging , Microwaves , Radio Waves , Radiofrequency Ablation , Swine , Ultrasonography
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(12): 1134-1138, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976815

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The present quasi-experimental study aimed to assess the transversus abdominis (TrA), internal oblique (IO) and external oblique (EO) thickness in healthy subjects with the proprioceptive Stabilizer™ training in abdominal wall muscles. A sample of 41 healthy participants (age: 31.9 ± 4.5 y; height: 1.7 ± 0.1 m; weight: 68.3 ± 13.1 kg; body mass index, BMI: 22.9 ± 2.7 kg/m2) were recruited to participate in this study. Ultrasound images of the EO, IO, TrA, rectus anterior (RA) and interrecti distance (IRD) were measured and analyzed by the ImageJ software. Measurements were made at rest and during the abdominal drawing-maneuver (ADIM) developed by the patients with the Stabilizer™ located in the low back holding 40 mmHg for 10 seconds with a visual stimulus provided by a circular pressure marker. Ultrasound measurements for the abdominal wall muscles showed statistically significant differences (Π < .05) for a thickness decrease of the EO, IO and a thickness increase of TrA. A proprioceptive Stabilizer™ training produced a thickness increase in TrA muscle and a thickness decrease in EO and IO muscles in healthy subjects. These findings suggest that a proprioceptive Stabilizer™ training could be useful in individuals with low back pain and lumbopelvic pain.


RESUMO O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o transverso abdominal (TrA), o oblíquo interno (OI) e a espessura oblíqua externa (EO) em indivíduos saudáveis com o treinamento proprioceptivo Stabilizer™ nos músculos da parede abdominal. Uma amostra de 41 participantes saudáveis (idade: 31,9±4,5 y, altura: 1,7±0,1 m; peso: 68,3±13,1 kg; índice de massa corporal, IMC: 22,9±2,7 kg / m2) foram recrutados para participar deste estudo. As imagens de ultrassom do EO, IO, TrA, reto anterior (RA) e distância interrecti (IRD) foram medidas e analisadas pelo software ImageJ. As medidas foram feitas em repouso e durante a manobra de desenho abdominal (Adim) desenvolvida pelos pacientes com o StabilizerTM localizado na parte inferior das costas segurando 40 mmHg por 10 segundos com um estímulo visual fornecido por um marcador de pressão circular. As medidas de ultrassom para os músculos da parede abdominal apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas (P<0,05) para uma diminuição da espessura do EO, IO e um aumento de espessura do TrA. Um treinamento proprioceptivo Stabilizer™ produziu um aumento de espessura no músculo TrA e uma diminuição da espessura nos músculos EO e IO em indivíduos saudáveis. Esses achados sugerem que um treinamento de Stabilizer™ proprioceptivo poderia ser útil em indivíduos com dor lombar e dor lombo-pélvica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Physical Therapy Modalities/instrumentation , Abdominal Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Abdominal Wall/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Abdominal Muscles/anatomy & histology , Abdominal Muscles/physiopathology , Abdominal Wall/anatomy & histology , Abdominal Wall/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology
13.
Indian Heart J ; 2018 Jan; 70(1): 150-164
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-191757

ABSTRACT

This article reviews important features to improve the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) by applying ultrasound in prenatal cardiac screening. As low and high-risk pregnancies for CHD are subject to routine obstetric ultrasound, the diagnosis of structural heart defects represents a challenge that involves a team of specialists and subspecialists on fetal ultrasonography. In this review, the images highlight normal anatomy of the heart as well as pathologic cases consistent with cardiac malposition and isomerism, septal defects, pulmonary stenosis/atresia, aortic malformations, hypoplastic left ventricle, conotruncal anomalies, tricuspid dysplasia, and Ebstein’s anomaly, and univentricular heart, among other congenital cardiovascular defects. Anatomical details of most CHD in fetuses were provided by two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound with higher quality imaging, enhancing diagnostic accuracy in a variety of CHD. Moreover, the accuracy of the cardiac defects in obstetrics ultrasound improves the outcome of most CHD, providing planned delivery, aided genetic counseling, and perinatal management.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689799

ABSTRACT

Multi-angle plane-wave beamforming algorithm is the basis of ultra-fast ultrasonic imaging. It can be used to improve the imaging frame rate and resolution of traditional focused ultrasound. However, the existing multi-angle plane-wave technology can not satisfy the real-time imaging requirements due to the huge amount of computation required by CPU. In this paper, We proposed a parallel processing method to reduce the computation time based on compute unified device architecture(CUDA). Simulation analysis and contrast experiment were conducted to verify its performance. Experimental results show that the execution time based on GPU is much less than that based on CPU, thus the computational speed is accelerated significantly to satisfy the demand of ultrafast imaging.

15.
Biomedical Engineering Letters ; (4): 183-191, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714464

ABSTRACT

As a minimally invasive method, sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in conjunction with guidance methods is the standard method to determine cancer metastasis in breast. The desired guidance methods for SLNB should be capable of precise SLN localization for accurate diagnosis of micro-metastases at an early stage of cancer progression and thus facilitate reducing the number of SLN biopsies for minimal surgical complications. For this, high sensitivity to the administered dyes, high spatial and contrast resolutions, deep imaging depth, and real-time imaging capability are pivotal requirements. Currently, various methods have been used for SLNB guidance, each with their own advantages and disadvantages, but no methods meet the requirements. In this review, we discuss the conventional SLNB guidance methods in this perspective. In addition, we focus on the role of the PA imaging modality on real-time SLN identification and biopsy guidance. In particular, PA-based hybrid imaging methods for precise SLN identification and efficient biopsy guidance are introduced, and their unique features, advantages, and disadvantages are discussed.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast , Coloring Agents , Contrast Media , Diagnosis , Lymph Nodes , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Optical Imaging , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Ultrasonography
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329077

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To conduct the preliminary positioning and qualitative research of high-frequency ultrasonic imaging atpoints (including tender points and trigger points) in neck-type cervical spondylosis and explore the relevant law so as to provide the evidence for the selection of acupuncture scheme.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty patients in compliance with the diagnostic criteria of neck-type cervical spondylosis were selected. The trigger points, tender points and placebo points were positioned on any of the three available oriented lines. The point-to-point high-frequency real-time dynamic ultrasonic imaging technology was used to scan and position each point and record the changes in ultrasound gradation anatomy and two-dimensional ultrasound in perimysium, two-dimensional and color Doppler ultrasonography and blood flow. The ultrasound characteristics were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>①Regarding the changes in ultrasound gradation anatomy and two-dimensional ultrasound in perimysium, the anatomic gradation at trigger points and tender points was in the sequence as cutaneous layer, subcutaneous fat layer, shallow muscular tissue layer, deep muscular tissue layer and vertebrae. The linear high echo presented in cutaneous layer; the low echo in subcutaneous fat layer; the linear high echo in muscular fasciae; the low echo in muscular layer and the clear linear echo in its perimysium; the high echo and declined posterior echo in vertebrae. Compared with the placebo points, 93.3% of trigger points (28/30) presented enhanced or thickened perimysium echo (<0.05), and 96.7% of tender points (29/30) presented enhanced or thickened perimysium echo (<0.05). The differences were not significant between the trigger points and the tender points (>0.05). ②In the two-dimensional ultrasonography, the clear linear echo presented in perimysium, the enhanced or thickened echo in perimysium of trigger points and tender points. In the color Doppler ultrasonography, the blinking unstable dotted blood flow signal or stable short rod-like blood flow signal presented in the trigger points and tender points. ③Regarding the condition of blood flow, 56.7% of trigger points (17/30) presented Ⅱ degree of color blood flow signal and 83.3% of tender points (25/30) presented Ⅱ degree of color blood flow signal; 0% of placebo points presented Ⅱ degree of color blood flow signal. Compared with the placebo points, the differences in the rate of Ⅱ degree of color blood flow signal were significant statistically at both the trigger points and the tender points (both<0.05). The difference was not significant between the trigger points and tender points (>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the high-frequency ultrasound imaging at trigger points and tender points in neck-type cervical spondylosis, the ultrasound imaging characteristics present, which are similar between the trigger points and the tender points. The high-frequency ultrasound imaging is valuable in positioning and quantitative research ofpoints in cervical spondylosis and has a certain significance to guide treatment.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618963

ABSTRACT

Objective To research an ultrasound imaging workstation based on DICOM so as to construct a patient-centered effective digital hospital.Methods Several interfaces of ultrasound imaging workstation based on DICOM were showed and their advantages and disadvantages were analyzed.Ultrasound imaging workstation based on DICOM was also compared with that based on video capture card.Results DICOM-based ultrasound imaging workstation gained advantages over the one based on video capture card in availability,resolution and management.Conclusion The workstation may contribute to enhancing clinical efficiency,promoting digital hospital and regional medical image sharing,and thus is worthy popularizing practically.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615433

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of drug enhanced ultrasonography in the diagnosis of non obstructive lower ureteral segments. Methods 60 cases of non obstructive lower ureteral calculi were treated in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2017. They were divided into 2 groups according to different diagnostic methods. The patients in the control group were diagnosed by X ray digital tomography, and the observation group were treated with drugs to enhance the diagnostic value of ultrasonography. The clinical diagnosis of two groups of patients were recorded in detail, and the data obtained were compared and analyzed.Results The diagnostic effect of the observation group was better than that of the control group, the diagnostic accuracy of the separation of the ipsilateral pelvis and ureter diameter was higher than that of the control group, and the diagnostic accuracy rate of the stones was higher than that of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The drug enhanced ultrasound imaging in diagnosis of patients with non obstructive ureteral stones of high value, the accurate diagnosis of patients with renal pelvis and ureter diameter light separation, the diagnostic rate, it is widely used in clinical.

19.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 70-72, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical value of ultrasonic imaging in combination with McGill thyroid nodules score (MTNS) system in differential diagnosis of nodule size and benign and malignant tumors.Methods: The clinical data of a total of 112 patients with thyroid nodules were analyzed retrospectively. The nidus of the patients was identified by ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy, and then the MTNS, nodule size and false negative rate of the patients were calculated, respectively.Results: The MTNS of the 112 cases of patients with thyroid nodules was within the range of 1 to 18, with an average score of (6.83±2.31). 16 cases with malignant nodules(the percent was 14.29%) were finally diagnosed by pathology, and 96 cases were diagnosed with benign nodules(the percent was 85.71%). The MTNS of patients with malignant nodules was significantly higher than that of those with benign nodules. Ultrasonic imaging showed that the nodule diameter was within the range of 1 to 8.9cm, with an average diameter of (4.13±4.13)cm. MTNS was positively correlation with nodule diameter (r=0.146,P<0.05). Besides, the average diameter of benign nodules was (3.67±1.60)cm, and that of malignant nodules was (4.23±1.51)cm. The missed diagnosed malignant nodules mainly were large diameter nodules.Conclusion: Ultrasound imaging in combination with MTNS can better predict the benign or malignant risk of thyroid nodules.

20.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 79-82, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509517

ABSTRACT

Objective:To use the perineum four-dimensional pelvic ultrasound stereo imaging for detecting injury situation of pelvic diaphragm hiatus and anal levator ani muscle. Understand abnormal classification of pelvic floor muscle. investigate the application of four-dimensional pelvic ultrasound stereo imaging in pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) for primipara in order to provide more accurate data for clinical practice.Methods: 270 primiparas with pelvic floor dysfunction were divided into the vaginal delivery group (135 cases) and selective cesarean group (135 cases) as random number table; pelvic floor muscle strength, longitudinal diameter, transverse diameter, area of pelvic diaphragm hiatus and thickness of the anus levator were detected by the perineum four-dimensional pelvic ultrasound stereo imaging, respectively, and then to compare differences between the two groups. Results: In 270 cases, 162 cases (60%) were abnormalities in pelvic floor muscle strength, and 189 cases (70%) were abnormalities in vaginal pressure; the results of pelvic floor muscles fatigue grade situation revealed: 127 cases were abnormal muscle fiber strength ofⅠtype (47%), 30 patients were abnormal muscle fiber strength ofⅡ type (11%). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the abnormal rate of pelvic floor muscle strength, vaginal pressure and muscle fiber strength. Longitudinal diameter, transverse diameter and area of pelvic diaphragm hiatus in the vaginal delivery group were higher than that in the selective cesarean group, while thickness of anal levator were thinner than that in the selective cesarean group with significant differences (t=3.730,t=3.467, t=3.826,t=1.809;P<0.05).Conclusions: The perineum four-dimensional ultrasound diagnosis can intuitively and clearly show morphological characteristics of female pelvic diaphragm hiatus, therefore, it can quickly finish diagnosis, and provide the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment evaluation of postpartum PFD.

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