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1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 487-491, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356960

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los pseudoaneurismas de la arteria humeral son infrecuentes, pero pueden asociarse a complicaciones de alta morbilidad como la isquemia de miembro superior. Comunicamos un caso de pseudoaneurisma humeral en el pliegue del codo, que se presentó como tumor pulsátil con leve disminución de la temperatura y parestesias en la mano homolateral de un año de evolución, debido a una punción arterial inadvertida durante la venopunción para extracción de sangre. Se trató con éxito mediante resección quirúrgica más reconstrucción vascular con bypass húmero-cubital y bypass húmero-radial ambos con vena safena. Se discuten las diversas opciones terapéuticas disponibles para los pseudoaneurismas humerales considerando las características anatómicas y la sintomatología del paciente.


ABSTRACT Brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are rare but can be associated with severe complications as ischemia of the upper extremity. We report a case of a brachial artery pseudoaneurysm in the crease of the elbow presenting as a pulsating mass with progressive growth over the past year. The ipsilateral hand was sightly cold and presented paresthesia. The lesion was due to inadvertent arterial puncture during venipuncture. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated with surgical resection and vascular reconstruction with a brachial to ulnar artery bypass and brachial to radial artery bypass with saphenous vein graft. The different therapeutic options available for brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are discussed, considering the anatomic characteristics and patients' symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Ischemia , Paresthesia , Saphenous Vein , Therapeutics , Brachial Artery , Ulnar Artery , Phlebotomy , Upper Extremity , Iatrogenic Disease
2.
Rehabil. integral (Impr.) ; 15(1): 20-29, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283456

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las deficiencias congénitas y adquiridas de extremidades superiores son una condición importante en la población pediátrica, existe poca información respecto de sus características clínicas, sociodemográficas y las asociadas al uso de prótesis. OBJETIVO: Describir las características clínicas y sociodemográficas de la población infantojuvenil entre 2 y 17 años con diagnóstico de deficiencia de extremidades superiores adquirida y/o congénita, pertenecientes al Instituto Teletón Santiago (IT-S). METODOLOGÍA: Estudio transversal, en población infantojuvenil entre 2 y 17 años, con diagnóstico de deficiencia de extremidades superiores, adquirida y congénita, que se atienden en el IT-S. Se realizó una revisión de fichas clínicas y encuesta para la obtención de datos de características sociodemográficas, clínicas y asociadas al uso de prótesis. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 215 pacientes, 93,9% de etiología congénita y 6,1% adquirida. El nivel de la deficiencia más frecuente fue parcial de mano con 51,6%, seguido del transradial con 33,1%. El 33% de los 215 pacientes estudiados tuvieron prescripción de prótesis. De los pacientes con prescripción de prótesis, 78,9% correspondía a mecánica y 18,3% a prótesis 3D. El 53,5% usaba su prótesis y el 46,4% no la usaba. Respecto a las prótesis 3D, el 84,6% no la usaban. En el nivel parcial de mano, el 83,3% no usaban su prótesis. CONCLUSIONES: Este estudio aporta datos de importancia clínica, destacando, una prescripción protésica de inicio temprano y asociada a las características clínicas de los pacientes. Así mismo, existe una alta tasa de no uso de las prótesis 3D, en el nivel parcial de mano.


INTRODUCTION: Congenital and acquired deficiencies of the upper extremities are an important condition in the pediatric population, however, there is almost no information regarding the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics and those associated with the use of prostheses. OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of the child and adolescent population between 2 and 17 years old with a diagnosis of acquired and/or congenital upper limb deficiency, belonging to the Instituto Teletón Santiago (IT-S). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in child and adolescent population between 2 and 17 years old, with a diagnosis of acquired and/ or congenital upper limb deficiency treated in the IT-S. A review of clinical records and a survey were carried out to obtain data on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and characteristics associated with the use of prostheses. RESULTS: 215 patients were included, 93.9% of congenital and 6.1% of acquired etiology. The most common level of deficiency was partial hand with 51.6%, followed by transradial with 33.1%. 33% of the 215 patients included had a prescription for a prosthesis. 78.9% of the patients with a prosthesis prescription had a mechanical prosthesis and 18.3% had a 3D prosthesis. 53.5% used their prosthesis and 46.4% did not use it. 84.6% of the patients with 3D prostheses did not use them and an 83.3% of the patients with a partial hand level deficiency did not use their prosthesis. CONCLUSION: This study provides data of clinical importance, highlighting an early-onset prosthetic prescription associated with the clinical characteristics of the patients. Likewise, there is a high rate of non-use of 3D prostheses at the partial hand level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Upper Extremity/pathology , Upper Extremity Deformities, Congenital/epidemiology , Prostheses and Implants , Socioeconomic Factors , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Upper Extremity Deformities, Congenital/rehabilitation , Amputation
3.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(1): e281, ene.-abr. 2021. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251684

ABSTRACT

Los traumas vasculares periféricos poseen una frecuencia elevada en relación con las lesiones vasculares y conllevan a una incapacidad significativa a pacientes relativamente jóvenes. La identificación oportuna y el manejo inicial adecuado de este tipo de lesión son muy importantes para su posterior evolución. Este artículo tuvo como objetivo exponer la importancia del tratamiento oportuno del trauma vascular en dos pacientes llegados el mismo día al servicio de urgencias del Hospital Militar Central "Dr. Luis Díaz Soto". Se presenta como primer caso a un paciente masculino de 44 años de edad, con antecedentes de salud aparente. Sufrió una herida de aproximadamente 12 cm en el brazo izquierdo, que se acompañó de sangramiento e hipotensión arterial. Se le colocó injerto protésico y se le realizó anastomosis término-terminal en la arteria humeral porque presentaba sección completa de esta; su evolución fue favorable. El segundo caso se trata de un paciente masculino de 60 años de edad, con antecedentes de salud aparente. Sufrió un trauma en el antebrazo izquierdo que le provocó una herida de alrededor de 8 cm, con sangramiento, palidez y frialdad del tercio distal del antebrazo, cianosis reversible de la mano, impotencia funcional, ausencia de pulso radial e hipotensión arterial. Se le realizó anastomosis término-terminal de arteria radial porque presentaba sección completa de esta y su evolución resultó favorable. El tratamiento oportuno y acertado del trauma vascular evitó la pérdida de la vida de los pacientes, disminuyó la presencia de complicaciones, aseguró una evolución rápida y redujo incapacidades en estos(AU)


Peripheral vascular traumas have a high frequency in relation to vascular lesions, and lead to significant disability in relatively young patients. Timely identification and adequate initial management of this type of lesion are very important for its subsequent evolution. This article aimed to show the importance of timely treatment of vascular trauma in two patients who arrived on the same day at the emergency service of Dr. Luis Díaz Soto Central Military Hospital. The first case presented corresponds to a 44-year-old male patient apparently without previous heath conditions. He had a wound of approximately twelve centimeters on the left arm, which was accompanied by bleeding and arterial hypotension. The patient was placed a prosthetic graft and performed an end-to-end anastomosis in the brachial artery because it was completely sectioned. The patient's evolution was favorable. The second case corresponds to a 60-year-old male patient with an apparent health history. He suffered a trauma to his left forearm that caused a wound of about 8 cm, with bleeding, paleness and coldness of the distal third of the forearm, reversible cyanosis of the hand, functional impotence, absence of radial pulse and arterial hypotension. End-to-end anastomosis of the radial artery was performed because the patient presented complete section of the artery and his evolution was favorable. Timely and correct treatment of vascular trauma prevented the loss of life in both patients, reduced the presence of complications, ensured a rapid evolution, and reduced their disabilities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pulse , Brachial Artery , Radial Artery , Transplants , Emergencies , Vascular System Injuries
4.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(1): 1-6, ene.-feb. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156709

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los aneurismas venosos, en especial de la extremidad superior, son malformaciones vasculares de baja frecuencia. Se presentó el manejo de dos pacientes del sexo femenino atendidas en el Servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular del Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto" de la provincia Guantánamo, Cuba, a las que se les diagnosticaron aneurismas en diferentes segmentos del sistema venoso superficial de la extremidad superior, los que se resecaron quirúrgicamente y se les confirmó el diagnóstico mediante biopsia.


ABSTRACT Venous aneurysms, especially the ones located in the upper limbs, are vascular malformations with low incidence in the population. Two cases of venous aneurisms on female patients showed up at the Angiology and Vascular Surgery services at the General Teaching Hospital ¨Dr. Agostinho Neto¨ in Guantanamo, Cuba. Aneurism diagnosis was confirmed through biopsy. They were located in different segments of the superficial venous system of the upper limbs, and were surgically resected.


RESUMO Os aneurismas venosos, principalmente de membro superior, são malformações vasculares de baixa frequência. Foi apresentada a gestão de duas pacientes do sexo feminino atendidas no Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital General Docente "Dr. Agostinho Neto" da província de Guantánamo, Cuba, que foram diagnosticados com aneurismas em diferentes segmentos do sistema venoso superficial do membro superior, os quais foram ressecados cirurgicamente e o diagnóstico foi confirmado por biópsia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Upper Extremity/injuries , Aneurysm/surgery , Aneurysm/diagnosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe any improvement in hemiplegic upper limb functioning when transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is combined with robot-assisted upper limb treatment, and analyze the potential mechanism of neural plasticity through diffusion tensor imaging (DTI).Methods:Twenty stroke survivors with hemiplegia were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group, each of 10, according to a random number table. Both groups were treated with conventional medication and rehabilitation training using an upper limb robot, while the treatment group also received tDCS daily, with the current increasing from 0 to 1mA over 10 seconds, and then decreasing to 0 over twenty minutes. The experiment lasted for 15 days. The upper extremity portion of the Fugl-Meyer rating scale (UE-FMA) and the Wolf Motor Function Rating Scale (WMFT) were used to evaluate motor functioning before and after the treatment. DTI was also conducted for both groups.Results:After the treatment, the average UE-FMA and WMFT scores of the two groups were significantly higher than before the treatment, with the average UE-FMA score of the treatment group (35.32±13.25), significantly higher than that of the control group (21.80±13.93). After the treatment there were significant differences between the groups in their average FA, rFA and FAasy of the posterior limb of the internal capsule, as well as in FA and the CST length of the central anterior gyrus.Conclusion:tDCS combined with robot-assisted upper limb rehabilitation training can significantly improve the motor functioning of hemiplegic upper limbs, possibly due to neuroplasticity mechanisms that promote CST integrity and symmetry changes. tDCS can be an important adjunct therapy in clinical neurorehabilitation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the clinical effect of combining motor imagery training (MIT) with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving the upper limb functioning of hemiplegic stroke survivors.Methods:Ninety stroke survivors with hemiplegia were randomly divided into a conventional group (treated with tDCS) and a combination group (treated with MIT combined with tDCS), each of 45. The conventional group received 20min of tDCS using the IS200 intelligent electrical stimulator once daily, 6 times/week, for 4 weeks. The combination group received 40min of motor imagery training right after the tDCS treatment. Before and after the treatment, upper limb motor functioning was evaluated using the Fugl-Meyer assessment for the upper extremities (FMA-UE) and the Hong Kong version of a functional test for the hemiplegic upper extremity (FTHUE-HK). Surface electromyographs were recorded from the anterior deltoid and the triceps brachii muscles during maximum active shoulder flexion and elbow extension. The muscle strength of the affected limb was evaluated using the root mean square values of the integrated electromyograms (IEMGs).Results:There were no significant differences between the groups before the treatment. Afterward, significant improvement was observed in the average FMA-UE scores, FTHUE-HK scores, surface EMG indexes and iEMG values in both groups. The improvement in the combination group was significantly greater than in the conventional group.Conclusion:Combining MIT with tDCS can better improve upper limb motor functioning and muscle strength after a stroke survivors than tDCS alone.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910125

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application value of sound touch elastography (STE) in the evaluation of the curative effect of acupuncture and moxibustion in the treatment of stroke patients with upper limb spasm.Methods:Fifty-five patients with upper limb spasm after stroke were selected as stroke group, and thirty healthy volunteers matched with age, gender and body mass index (BMI) were selected as control group between September 2020 and March 2021. The shear wave velocity (SWV) of biceps brachii and triceps brachii were measured in both groups. In stroke group, the SWVs of biceps brachii and triceps brachii on spastic side and non-spastic side were measured before and after acupuncture treatment, and the correlations between SWV and spastic grade (X), muscle response angle (R1), passive range of motion (R2), spastic angle (R2-R1) of modified Tardieu scale (MTS) were analyzed.Results:At 0 degree, the SWV of spastic biceps brachii (3.85±0.62)m/s was significantly higher than those of the non-spastic side [(3.34±0.35)m/s] and control group [(3.15±2.66)m/s] (all P<0.001), and decreased [ (3.45±0.47)m/s] after acupuncture treatment ( P<0.001). At 90 degree, the SWV of non-spastic biceps brachii was larger than those of spastic side and control group [1.98(1.92, 2.14)m/s vs 1.98(1.92, 2.11) m/s, 1.95(1.86, 2.05)m/s, all P<0.05], and there was no significant difference between the SWV of spastic side and control group ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences in SWV of triceps brachii between the spastic side and control group at both 0 degree or 90 degree ( P>0.05). At 0 degree, SWV positively correlated with MTS (x) ( rs=0.639, P<0.001) and negatively with R1 ( rs=-0.527, P<0.001) and R2 ( rs=-0.825, P<0.001) on the spastic biceps brachii. Conclusions:STE can provide quantitative index for the objective evaluation of the curative effect of acupuncture in upper limb spasm after stroke, and it is proposed to be an effective means of clinical diagnosis and efficacy evaluation in patients with upper limb spasm after stroke.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of sentinel lymph node biopsy utilization on operative time, intraoperative blood loss and extubation time.Methods:Sixty-two patients with breast cancer who received treatment in the First Hospital of China Medical University from January to December 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive either conventional breast cancer surgery (control group, n = 31) or sentinel lymph node biopsy combined with breast cancer surgery (study group, n = 31). Extubation time, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, drainage volume, breast cosmetic effect, upper limb function and complications were compared between the two groups. Results:Extubation time and operative time in the study group were (16.3 ± 1.1) hours and (61.6 ± 11.3) minutes, respectively, and they were (28.2 ± 6.4) hours and (124.2 ± 28.5) minutes, respectively in the control group. There were significant differences in extubation time and operative time between the two groups ( t = 14.922 and 16.479, both P < 0.05). Intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage volume in the study group were (68.7 ± 17.9) mL and (105.9 ± 19.5) mL respectively, and they were (122.4 ± 23.1) mL and (257.2 ± 36.4) mL respectively in the control group. There were significant different differences in intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage volume between the two groups ( t = 15.928 and 18.797, both P < 0.05). The excellent and good rate of breast cosmetic effect in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (93.6% vs. 83.8% , χ2 = 5.584, P < 0.05). After treatment, the difference in the upper arm circumference between the healthy and affected sides, and shoulder abduction and shoulder function score in the study group were (0.5 ± 0.1) cm, (123.7 ± 6.6) ° and (75.9 ± 4.9) points respectively, and they were (0.7 ± 0.1) cm, (120.1 ± 6.1) °, (73.5 ± 4.4) points, respectively in the control group. There were significant differences in these indices between the two groups ( t = 11.432, 12.450, 12.647, all P < 0.05). The incidence of complications in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group (12.9% vs. 38.8%, χ2 = 6.309, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Sentinel lymph node biopsy can help improve therapeutic effects, shorten the operative time, reduce the amount of intraoperative bleeding, shorten the extubation time, and reduce the incidence of complications in breast cancer patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of mirror therapy on upper limb motor function recovery and corticospinal tract remodeling after stroke. Methods:From March, 2017 to March, 2019, 42 subcortical stroke patients with upper limb dysfunction from Shanghai Fifth People's Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 21) and observation group (n = 21). Both groups received routine rehabiliation, while the observation group received mirror therapy additionally, for twelve weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), and scanned with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) before and after treatment. The fractional anisotropy (FA) in posterior limb of internal capsule (PLIC) was obtained. Results:The scores of FMA-UE improved in both groups after treatment (t > 9.560, P < 0.001), and improved more in the observation group than in the control group (t > 2.634, P < 0.05). FA decreased significantly in the affected-lateral PLIC compared with that in the unaffected-lateral PLIC in both groups (t > 11.368, P < 0.001). FA in the affected side increased significantly after treatment in the observation group (t = 2.385, P < 0.05), while there was no significant difference in the control group (t = -0.596, P > 0.05). FA increased more significantly in the observation group than in the control group (t = 2.306, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Mirror therapy can promote the recovery of motor function of upper limb and the corticospinal tract remodeling in stroke patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905272

ABSTRACT

Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology can activate the plasticity of the nervous system and induce the reconnection of nervous system information pathways. Techniques for recording brain activity include invasive methods and non-invasive methods. Non-invasive methods are safer, more portable and cheaper, but are prone to signal pollution. For upper limbs rehabilitation in patients with severe chronic stroke, BCI of electroencephalogram and robotic arm is usually used, almost combined with other rehabilitation approaches, and seems to improve the effectiveness. It is necessary to improve the accuracy of BCI motion intention decoding, carry out hierarchical and customized treatment for patients, develop hybrid and portable BCI system.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the factors affecting curative effect of motor imagery brain-computer interface (MI-BCI) training on upper limb paralysis for subacute stroke patients. Methods:From January, 2018 to July, 2019, 23 inpatients with post-stroke upper limb paralysis accepting MI-BCI training were reviewed. The gender, age, course of disease, aphasia, location and nature of lesion, history of Botulinum toxin, hemisphere injured and modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) score of affected fingers were recorded, and they were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) before and four weeks after MI-BCI training. According to improvement of FMA-UE wrist and hand scores (≥ 2), the patients were divided into effective group (n = 11) and inefficacy group (n = 12). Results:The MAS scores before MI-BCI training (t = 2.677, P < 0.05) and history of botulinum toxin (Z = 0.000, P < 0.05) were more in the inefficacy group than in the efficacy group. FMA-UE scores (total and dimensions) after training were correlated to their baseline levels (r > 0.831, P < 0.01), FMA-UE total scores (Eta = 0.453, P < 0.05) and upper arms scores (Eta = 0.506, P < 0.05) were correlated to aphasia, FMA-UE scores of hands were correlated with MAS (r = -0.521, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Poor baseline motor function, spasticity and complication with aphasia were the factors unfavorable to MI-BCI training for subacute stroke patients with upper limb paralysis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To solve the issue regarding a low correlation between visual and haptic feedback provided by the current upper-limb rehabilitation training system, this study was implemented based on the end-effector based upper-limb rehabilitation robot developed in the lab. A novel visual and haptic feedback fusion technology based on force tracking was investigated and its effect on upper-limb training was also studied. Methods:Based on the force model constructed in a virtual environment, two types of haptic feedbacks correlated to the visual feedback were designed, including the repulsive force when two objects getting close and the friction force when the object moving above medium surfaces. The haptic feedback constructed in the virtual environment was delivered to the trainees by using force tracking based on robot controlling algorithm. Eight health subjects were recruited and trained with and without feedback fusion. In the training process, the actual and expected haptic feedbacks as well as the surface electromyography (EMG) signals from anterior deltoid, posterior deltoid, biceps, and triceps were collected. The root means square error (RMSE) between the actual and expected haptic feedback was calculated under the feedback fusion training mode to characterize the force tracking-based multi-sensory feedback fusion technology. The integrated EMG values (iEMG) and EMG amplitudes per unit time (EMG/T) under two training modes were measured to explore the effect of feedback fusion technology on the upper-limb motor training. Results:Under feedback fusion training mode, the RMSE between actual and expected haptic feedback was (0.757±0.171) N. The values of iEMG from four muscles were significantly higher (|t| > 7.965, P < 0.001), and the values of EMG/T from the biceps, triceps and anterior deltoid were significantly larger under feedback fusion training mode than under the training mode without feedback fusion. Conclusion:The proposed upper-limb rehabilitation robot training system could accurately transmit the haptic feedback constructed under the virtual environment to the trainees. This system could increase the stimulation to trainees' peripheral nervous function through visual and haptic feedback fusion as well as increase the trainees' training effort. The advantages of force tracking-based visual and haptic feedback fusion technology are to freely construct the force model under the virtual environment and the haptic feedback mode is not constrained by the spatial position. Moreover, two or more types of force models can be superimposed in the same spatial position by using this technology that could improve the matching effect between haptic feedback and visual feedback under a virtual environment. The trainees' motor rehabilitation interest could be stimulated and the experience feeling of human-robot interaction could also be enhanced.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of a self-developed wearable intelligent upper limb rehabilitation robot system on upper limb motor function and activities of daily living of stroke patients. Methods:From August, 2018 to October, 2020, 61 stroke patients with hemiplegia from Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 30) and observation group (n = 31). The control group accepted routine rehabilitation training twice a day, while the observation group accepted routine rehabilitation training once a day and robot-assisted training once a day, for four weeks. All the patients were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) and modified Barthel Index (MBI) before and after training, while the active range of motion (aROM) of affected shoulder, elbow and forearm was measured. Results:A case dropped out in the observation group. The scores of FMA-UE and MBI improved in both groups after training (|t| > 4.372, P < 0.001), and the improvement of MBI was more in the observation group than in the control group (t = 2.393, P < 0.05). The aROM of flexion/extension, internal/external rotation and abduction of shoulder, flexion of elbow, and supination/pronation of forearm increased in both groups (|t| > 3.050, P < 0.01), and the improvement of flexion and external rotation of shoulder was more in the observation group than in the control group (|t| > 2.160, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Robot-assisted training based on routine rehabilitation may promote the recovery of upper-limb function for stroke patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of brain-computer interface (BCI) on upper-limb motor function after stroke, and compare the effects under different interfaces. Methods:Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about BCI for upper-limb motor function after stroke were retrieved from databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang Data and CBM, from inception to October, 2020. The quality of the trials was assessed and the data were extracted according to the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Review. A meta-analysis was carried out with RevMan 5.3 and ADDIS 1.16.8. Results:Ultimately, 14 RCTs involving 504 patients were included. Meta-analysis showed that BCI could obviously improve the Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) score (MD = 6.81, 95%CI 1.51 to 12.11, P < 0.05), Action Research Arm Test score (MD = 7.68, 95%CI 0.49 to 14.88, P < 0.05) and modified Barthel Index score (MD = 8.91, 95%CI 5.57 to 12.25, P < 0.001) after stroke. Subgroup analysis showed that FMA-UE score could be improved by BCI for both more than four weeks (MD = 9.44, 95%CI 1.83 to 17.04, P < 0.05) and less than four weeks (MD = 5.18, 95%CI 2.84 to 7.51, P < 0.001). For the types of interface, the probabilities of the best effects from network meta-analysis ranked as electrical stimulator (P = 0.53), visual feedback (P = 0.41) and machine assistance (P = 0.06). Conclusion:BCI, especially with electrical stimulator interface, could obviously improve upper-limb motor function and activities of daily living for stroke patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905179

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation on upper limb motor function for stroke patients. Methods:From December, 2017 to December, 2019, 50 first stroke patients in rehabilitation medicine department within six months were randomly divided into control group (n = 25) and experimental group (n = 25). All the patients accepted upper limbs routine rehabilitation and upper limb robot assisted training, while the experimental group accepted transcranial direct current stimulation in addition, for two weeks. They were evaluated with Reconn upper limb rehabilitation robot evaluation system, simple Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE), Carroll Upper Extremity Function Test (UEFT) and modified Barthel Index (MBI). Results:There was no significant difference in all the scores between two groups before treatment (|t| < 2.954, P > 0.05). All the scores improved after treatment (|t| > 7.551, P < 0.001), and improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.639, P < 0.05). Conclusions:Transcranial direct current stimulation can further improve the upper limb motor function and activities of daily living for stroke patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of bilateral arm transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) based on mirror therapy (MT) on upper limb function of subacute stroke hemiplegic patients. Methods:From September, 2017 to October, 2019, 48 subacute stroke hemiplegic patients were randomly divided into control group (n = 24) and experimental group (n = 24). All the patients accepted routine rehabilitation and MT, while the experimental group received bilateral arm TEAS and the control group received sham TEAS, for four weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremity (FMA-UE), Action Research Arm Test (ARAT), Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) and modified Barthel Index (MBI) before and after treatment. Results:All the scores of FMA-UE, ARAT, WMFT and MBI improved in both groups after treatment (|t| > 11.870, P < 0.001), and improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.678, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Bilateral arm TEAS based on MT can promote the upper limb function of subacute stroke hemiplegic patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of tapping at acupoints along meridian combined with thunder-fire moxibustion on upper-limb muscle strength and activities of daily living in patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 140 patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke were randomly divided into a combination group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off), an acupoint-tapping group (35 cases), a moxibustion group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a routine group (35 cases). The patients in the routine group were only treated with routine treatment and nursing. On the basis of the treatment in the routine group, the patients in the acupoint-tapping group were treated with tapping along the large intestine meridian of hand @*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, body mass indexs of shoulder abduction, elbow extension, wrist flexion as well as BI scores in the four groups were significantly increased after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Tapping at acupoints along meridian combined with thunder-fire moxibustion could effectively improve the upper-limb muscle strength and activities of daily living in patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke, and its effect is superior to simple tapping at acupoints along meridian or thunder-fire moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hemiplegia/therapy , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Wrist
18.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887132

ABSTRACT

The lack of a definitive approach for improving severe upper extremity (UE) paresis after stroke makes it difficult to achieve full recovery. Thus, we investigated the effects of repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) on UE paresis and activities of daily living in the chronic phase of stroke. We present the case of a 65-year-old female patient who developed right UE paresis 6 years after stroke. She received 20 min of rPMS per session on her affected UE prior to the standard care. She underwent a total of nine rPMS sessions in 3 months. Outcome measures included UE motor section of the Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment scale,Wolf Motor Function Test, and Box and Block Test. All measurements have improved. After the intervention, she used the affected UE more frequently and positively in her daily life than she did prior to the intervention. The outcomes of the case demonstrate the benefits of rPMS for UE paresis even in the chronic phase of stroke, with shorter duration and lower dose of intervention.

19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1069-1073, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the superiority of motor imagery acupuncture in improving muscle tension for patients with upper limb hemiplegia in early stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 64 patients of stroke hemiplegia with upper limb flaccid paralysis were randomly divided into an observation group (32 cases, 1 case dropped off ) and a control group (32 cases, 4 cases dropped off ). The observation group was treated with motor imagery acupuncture (both acupuncture and motor imagery therapy at affected upper limb were performed).The control group was treated with acupuncture plus motor imagery therapy at affected lower limb, 2 h later after acupuncture, motor imagery therapy was applied to upper limb. Baihui (GV 20) to Taiyang (EX-HN 5) of healthy side, Fengchi (GB 20) and Jianyu (LI 15), Jianjing (GB 21), Quchi (LI 11), Waiguan (TE 5) on the affected side, ect. were selected in both groups, once a day, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, 4, 8 weeks after treatment, the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade and Brunnstrom stage were compared in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the muscle tension of shoulder, elbow and wrist each time point after treatment was increased in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Motor imagery acupuncture could promote hemiplegia upper limb muscle tension recovery in patients of stroke hemiplegia with upper limb flaccid paralysis, make the patients gradually shift to the separate fine movement mode, inhibit and relieve the appearance and development of spasm.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Hemiplegia/therapy , Humans , Muscle Tonus , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity
20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213253

ABSTRACT

Background: Deep fascia is dense and well developed in limbs. In the upper limb the deep fascia is tightly adherent to the underlying muscles especially in the forearm, thereby, restricting the space available to muscular swelling causing painful compartment syndrome. Division of this inelastic fascia or fasciotomy is an emergency procedure to decrease the morbidity and mortality.Methods: 30 patients with acute compartment syndrome of the upper extremity of various aetiologies were studied. Adults with painful, swollen and tense upper extremities with progressive neurological dysfunction were studied. Compartment pressures before and after fasciotomy were measured by a standard Whiteside’s device. Various fasciotomies were carried out and associated skeletal and vascular injuries were also noted.Results: The majority of patients were males with average age being 29.33 years. 56.67% patients with upper limb compartment syndrome sustained road traffic injury, 20% were constrictive tight cast, 20% of patients sustained burn and 1 patient was shot by bullet. Of the 30 patients fractures of both ulna and radius (40%) were the most common. Fractures of the humerus, radius, ulna and small bone of metacarpals together account for 36.67% of the affected patients. 3 patients were found to have injury to major vessels. Compartment pressure was measured by Whiteside’s device and fasciotomy resulted in a drastic drop of the pressure from pre-fasciotomy pressure of 44.8±7.9 mmHg to post-fasciotomy pressure of 12.33±3.61 mmHg.Conclusions: The diagnosis of compartment syndrome should be confirmed swiftly and prompt fasciotomy is the treatment of choice. This offers the best chance at decreasing compartment pressure and preventing further damage.

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