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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 243-250, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Danmu Extract Syrup (DMS) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice and explore the mechanism.@*METHODS@#Seventy-two male Balb/C mice were randomly divided into 6 groups according to a random number table (n=12), including control (normal saline), LPS (5 mg/kg), LPS+DMS 2.5 mL/kg, LPS+DMS 5 mL/kg, LPS+DMS 10 mL/kg, and LPS+Dexamethasone (DXM, 5 mg/kg) groups. After pretreatment with DMS and DXM, the ALI mice model was induced by LPS, and the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected to determine protein concentration, cell counts and inflammatory cytokines. The lung tissues of mice were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) of lung tissue was calculated. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 β in BALF of mice were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of Claudin-5, vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), phospho-protein kinase B (p-Akt) and Akt were detected by Western blot analysis.@*RESULTS@#DMS pre-treatment significantly ameliorated lung histopathological changes. Compared with the LPS group, the W/D ratio and protein contents in BALF were obviously reduced after DMS pretreatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The number of cells in BALF and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity decreased significantly after DMS pretreatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). DMS pre-treatment decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1 β (P<0.01). Meanwhile, DMS activated the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway and reversed the expressions of Claudin-5, VE-cadherin and VEGF (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DMS attenuated LPS-induced ALI in mice through repairing endothelial barrier. It might be a potential therapeutic drug for LPS-induced lung injury.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Claudin-5/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Lung/pathology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 117-121, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003518

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the differences in the efficacy and safety of combination of intravitreal dexamethasone(Ozurdex)and ranibizumab or monotherapy of ranibizumab in eyes with macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion(RVO-ME).METHODS: Patients diagnosed with non-ischemic RVO-ME by fluorescein fundus angiography in our hospital from June 2020 to December 2022 were selected. All patients were initially treated with intravitreal injection of ranibizumab(0.5 mg), and 42 patients(42 eyes)who had central retinal thickness(CRT)≥300 μm after 2 wk were included. They were randomly divided into combined treatment group and monotherapy group. The combined treatment group(21 eyes)received Ozurdex intravitreal injection immediately, while the monotherapy group(21 eyes)was treated with ranibizumab intravitreal injection by 3+pro re nata(PRN). The changes of best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), CRT, and intraocular pressure before and at 2 wk, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 mo after treatment were recorded, and the ocular or systemic complications were observed.RESULTS:The BCVA and CRT of all patients at 2 wk, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 mo after treatment were significantly better than those before treatment(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.01). There were statistical significance in the BCVA and CRT between two groups at 2 and 3 mo after treatment(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). The most significant increase of BCVA in the combined treatment group occurred at 2 mo after treatment. The mean recurrence time of macular edema in the monotherapy group was 1.45±0.53 mo, with 4.21±0.78 injection times of ranibizumab. None of the patients showed serious complications after treatment. The most common complications in the combined treatment group were subconjunctival hemorrhage and elevated intraocular pressure, which were manageable with topical ocular hypotensive agents, and no patient required antiglaucoma or cataract surgery.CONCLUSION: Compared with monotherapy of ranibizumab, intravitreal injection of dexamethasone combined with ranibizumab can significantly improve the visual acuity and effectively reduce the macular edema in the treatment of RVO-ME, with a long duration of efficacy and less intravitreal injection of drugs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 10-18, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013335

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aims to investigate the inhibitory effect of Wutoutang on pannus formation in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats with wind-cold-dampness Bi syndrome and its potential mechanism. MethodA total of 40 male SD specific pathogen-free (SPF) rats were selected and divided into blank group, wind-cold-dampness Bi syndrome group [Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA), 200 μg], Wutoutang group (15 g·kg-1·d-1), and indometacin group (10 mg·kg-1) according to random number table method. Except for the blank group, the other groups were given wind-cold-dampness stimulation before the CFA injection. After the rats were administered for 30 days, the basic conditions, onset time, arthritis index score, and foot swelling volume of AIA rats with wind-cold-dampness Bi syndrome were observed. Finally, peripheral arterial blood, ankle joint, and synovial tissue were taken. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) protein content, and rheumatism, including anti-O (ASO), C-reactive protein (CRP), and rheumatoid factor (RF). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining revealed the changes in joint histomorphology. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of HIF-1α and VEGFA, two important proteins in the ankle pathway. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to reveal mRNA levels of HIF-1α, VEGFA, angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), and angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) in rat synovial tissue. ResultThe foot swelling volume and arthritis score of AIA rats with wind-cold-dampness Bi syndrome were substantially higher (P<0.01) compared with the blank group. Serum CRP, RF, and ASO levels were considerably elevated (P<0.01). HE staining showed obvious hyperplasia of ankle synovium and synovial inflammation, angiogenesis and pannus formation, and aggravated bone destruction, indicating successful modeling. After the intervention of Wutoutang, the onset time was delayed (P<0.01). Foot swelling volume and arthritis score were decreased (P<0.01). Serum CRP, RF, and ASO levels were significantly decreased (P<0.01). The inflammatory hyperplasia of synovial tissue, angiogenesis and pannus formation, and bone destruction were alleviated. The mRNA levels of HIF-1α, VEGFA, Ang-1, and Ang-2 in the synovial membrane were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expressions of HIF-1α and VEGFA in serum and ankle joints were decreased (P<0.01). In the indomethacin group, the onset time of the disease was delayed (P<0.01). Foot swelling volume and arthritis score were decreased (P<0.01). Serum CRP, RF, and ASO levels were significantly decreased (P<0.01). HIF-1α/VEGFA/Ang signaling pathway was activated, and pathological tissue injury was improved. ConclusionWutoutang can delay the onset time of AIA rats with wind-cold-dampness Bi syndrome, reduce foot swelling volume, arthritis score, rheumatic activity, and improve joint histopathology. It can inhibit pannus formation, and its mechanism may be related to down-regulating the expression of the HIF-1α/VEGFA/Ang pathway.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 567-571, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012822

ABSTRACT

Wet age-related macular degeneration(wARMD)emerges as a primary contributor to irreversible vision impairment in the aging demographic. In clinical practice, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)therapies exhibit pronounced success in managing wARMD. However, in the actual clinical application, there are significant individual differences in the prognosis of anti-VEGF drug therapy, and some patients show poor response to the treatment, which may be related to the morphological differences of retinal layers in macular area, genetics, systemic conditions and other factors. It will help develop a more rational and individualized treatment plan to judge the prognosis of patients according to their different clinical manifestations in advance, so as to reduce overtreatment and the risk of retinal damage. In recent years, most studies on treatment response mainly focus on fundus morphology, genetics and so on. In this study, the relevant factors affecting adverse response to wARMD were reviewed, aiming to provide with more accurate treatment and prognostic monitoring programs for clinicians.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 57-65, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012693

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the therapeutic effect of Shugan Huazheng prescription on hepatic fibrosis model rats induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and explore whether it plays its role through hypoxia-induced factor-1α/vascular endothelial growth factor/transforming growth factor-β1 (HIF-1α/VEGF/TGF-β1) pathway. MethodA total of 54 male SPF SD rats were randomly divided into six groups: blank group, model group, colchicine group (0.2 mg·kg-1), and high-, medium-, and low-dose groups (29.52, 14.76, and 7.38 g·kg-1) of Shugan Huazheng prescription, with nine rats in each group. The molding was conducted three times a week for eight weeks. Administration began the day after the first injection, and the drug intervention was once a day for eight weeks. On the day after the last administration, the rats were deprived of food and water, and they were killed the next day, during which the physiological status of each group of rats was dynamically monitored. The pathological changes in the liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the content of hydroxyproline (HYP) and angiotensin Ⅱ (AngⅡ) in liver tissue were detected by enzyme-related immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (Real-time PCR) was used to determine the mRNA expression levels of HIF-1α, VEGF, and TGF-β1 in liver tissue, and immunohistochemical method (IHC) and Western blot were used to detect the protein expression levels of HIF-1α, VEGF, and TGF-β1 in liver tissue. ResultCompared with the blank group, the overall condition of rats in the model group decreased significantly. The proliferation of connective tissue and the increase in adipose cells between hepatocytes were obvious. The content of HYP and Ang was increased. The mRNA and protein expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF, and TGF-β1 were increased to varying degrees (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the proliferation of connective tissue and inflammatory cell infiltration in the liver tissue of colchicine and Shugan Huazheng prescription groups were reduced. The content of HYP and Ang was decreased. The mRNA and protein expression levels of HIF-1α, VEGF, and TGF-β1 were decreased, and the colchicine group and high-dose group of Shugan Huazheng prescription were the most significant (P<0.05). ConclusionShugan Huazheng prescription has an obvious therapeutic effect on CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis model rats. Its therapeutic mechanism may be related to the regulation of the HIF-1α/VEGF/TGF-β1 signaling pathway and the improvement of hepatic hypoxia, vascular remodeling, and the syndrome of Qi deficiency and blood stasis in hepatic fibrosis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 59-65, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011443

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo reveal the effects of Huanglian Jiedutang (HLJDT) on the learning and memory abilities of APP/PS1 transgenic mice via hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway. MethodForty 5-month-old β-amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin 1(PS1) mice were randomized into the model, donepezil (0.001 g·kg-1·d-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose (1.5, 3, 6 g·kg-1·d-1, respectively) HLJDT groups, and 8 C57BL/6 mice were taken as the normal group. After 45 days of continuous administration, Morris water maze test was conducted, and the organ indexes were calculated. The morphological structure of cerebral vascular endothelial cells in mice was observed under a transmission electron microscope. Western blot was employed to measure the protein levels of APP, HIF-1α, VEGF,VEGFA, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus. The mRNA levels of APP, HIF-1α, and VEGF were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed prolonged escape latency (P<0.05), reduced distance and time around the target platform (P<0.05), decrease brain and spleen indexes (P<0.05), vascular endothelial cells with karyopyknosis and not abundant cytoplasm, up-regulated protein levels of APP, HIF-1α, VEGF, and VEGFA (P<0.05), down-regulated protein level of BDNF (P<0.05), and up-regulated mRNA levels of APP, HIF-1α, and VEGF (P<0.05) in the hippocampus. Compared with the model group, high-dose HLJDT shortened the escape latency (P<0.05), increased the distance and time around the target platform (P<0.05), raised the brain and spleen indexes (P<0.05), repaired the organelles of vascular endothelial cells, down-regulated the protein levels of APP, HIF-1α, VEGF, and VEGFA (P<0.05), up-regulated the protein level of BDNF (P<0.05), and down-regulated the mRNA levels of APP, HIF-1α, and VEGF (P<0.05) in the hippocampus. ConclusionHLJDT can improve the learning and memory abilities of mice by reducing the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF, thus protecting the nerves.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 362-367, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011383

ABSTRACT

Choroidal neovascularization(CNV)is the ultimate pathological manifestation of various ocular diseases. Its pathogenesis is extremely complex and involves multiple cells, cytokines, and signaling pathways. MicroRNA(miRNA), as a kind of small biological molecules, is a non-coding RNA composed of 22 nucleotides that regulates gene expression by degrading or inhibiting mRNA translation of target genes. Having been increasingly studied and their involvement in the development of various diseases through miRNA-mediated signaling pathways have been revealed. In the field of ophthalmology, miRNA target specific protein genes through various signaling pathways to promote or inhibit CNV. Therefore, revealing the role and mechanism of miRNA in the pathogenesis of CNV is an important direction of future research on the pathogenesis of CNV. This article aims to review on phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase- protein kinase B(PI3K-Akt), transforming growth factor-beta(TGF-β), nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB), Notch and Wnt signaling pathways in miRNA regulation of CNV, providing new insights into the pathogenesis of CNV and targeted therapy for CNV.

8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(6): e2022, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520247

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate early changes after the first antivascular endothelial growth factor injection for macular edema secondary to diabetic retinopathy and retinal vein occlusion and the relationship between longterm outcomes. Methods: The study enrolled patients who received anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections for treatment-naive macular edema due to retinal vein occlusion and diabetic retinopathy. The central macular thickness was measured at baseline, post-injection day 1, week 2, and month 1, and at the last visit using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. A good response was defined as a central macular thickness reduction of ≥10% on post-injection day 1. Patients were reassessed at the last visit with regard to treatment response on post-injection day 1 based on the favorable anatomic outcome defined as a central macular thickness <350 µm. Results: In total, 26 (44.8%) patients had macular edema-retinal vein occlusion and 32 (55.2%) had macular edema-diabetic retinopathy. The mean follow-up time was 24.0 (SD 8.5) months. A statistically significant decrease in the central macular thickness was observed in both patients with macular edema-retinal vein occlusion and macular edema-diabetic retinopathy after antivascular endothelial growth factor injection therapy (p<0.001 for both). All patients with macular edema-retinal vein occlusion were good responders at post-injection day 1. All nongood responders at post-injection day 1 belong to the macular edema-diabetic retinopathy group (n=16.50%). The rate of hyperreflective spots was higher in nongood responders than in good responders of the macular edema-diabetic retinopathy group (p=0.03). Of 42 (2.4%) total good responders, one had a central macular thickness >350 µm, whereas 5 (31.2%) of 16 total nongood responders had a central macular thickness >350 µm at the last visit (p=0.003). Conclusion: The longterm anatomical outcomes of macular edema secondary to retinal vein occlusion and diabetic retinopathy may be predicted by treatment response 1 day after antivascular endothelial growth factor injection.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as alterações precoces após a primeira injeção de anticorpos antifator de crescimento endotelial vascular (anti-VEGF) em casos de edema macular secundário à retinopatia diabética e oclusão da veia da retina e a relação entre essas alterações e o resultado a longo prazo. Métodos: Foram incluídos no estudo pacientes que receberam uma injeção de antifator de crescimento endotelial vascular para edema macular, virgem de tratamento e devido à oclusão da veia retiniana ou a retinopatia diabética. A espessura macular central foi medida no início do tratamento e no 1º dia, 2ª semana e 1º mês após a injeção, bem como na última visita, através de tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral. Definiu-se uma "boa resposta" como uma redução ≥10% na espessura macular central no 1º dia após a injeção. Os pacientes foram reavaliados na última visita com relação à resposta ao tratamento no 1º dia após a injeção, com base em um resultado anatômico favorável, definido como uma espessura macular central <350 µm. Resultado: Foram registrados 26 (44,8%) pacientes com edema macular e oclusão da veia da retina e 32 (55,2%) com edema macular e retinopatia diabética. O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 24,0 meses (desvio-padrão de 8,5 meses). Foi observada uma diminuição estatisticamente significativa da espessura macular central após o tratamento antifator de crescimento endotelial vascular tanto em pacientes com edema macular e oclusão da veia retiniana quanto naqueles com edema macular e retinopatia diabética (p<0,001 para ambos). Todos os pacientes com edema macular e oclusão da veia retiniana responderam bem no 1º dia pós-injeção. Todos os que responderam mal no 1º dia pós-injeção pertenciam ao grupo com edema macular e retinopatia diabética (n=16,50%). A presença de manchas hiperrefletivas foi maior nos pacientes que responderam mal do que naqueles que tiveram boa resposta no grupo com edema macular e retinopatia diabética (p=0,03). Um dos 42 (2,4%) pacientes com boa resposta total teve espessura macular central >350 um, enquanto 5 (31,2%) do total de 16 pacientes com resposta ruim apresentaram espessura macular central >350 µm na última visita (p=0,003). Conclusão: O resultado anatômico de longo prazo do edema macular secundário à oclusão da veia retiniana e à retinopatia diabética pode ser previsto pela resposta ao tratamento no 1º dia após a injeção de antifator de crescimento endotelial vascular.

9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 70(5): e20231694, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558915

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between serum soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and the severity of acute pancreatitis and its diagnostic utility. METHODS: This study was carried out by searching Chinese and English literature from the establishment of the database to July 9, 2023, systematically, and assessing the quality and heterogeneity of the articles included. RESULTS: Thirteen studies with a total of 986 patients were included. Patients with severe acute pancreatitis showed higher levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 compared with mild acute pancreatitis [weighted mean difference=76.64 pg/mL, 95% confidence interval (95%CI 50.39-102.89, p<0.001)]. Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 predicted pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve were 79%, 74%, and 0.85 for severe acute pancreatitis, with some heterogeneity (I2>50% or p<0.05). In the subgroup analysis, cutoff >150 pg/mL was found to be a heterogeneous factor. CONCLUSION: Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 is a reliable tool for identifying acute pancreatitis severity, but only as a screening tool.

10.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 27(3): 461-470, Jul.-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514254

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Finding biomarkers for highly lethal cancers is a priority. Objective The current study was designed to understand the clinical significance of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression as the biomarkers, and evaluate their correlation with each other, in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in the province of Guilan, North of Iran. Methods Gene expression was evaluated in 25 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) blocks from cases of confirmed NPC and 20 FFPE samples of non-NPC by quantifying messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein levels, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) methods, respectively. Furthermore, the correlations among the protein levels of different genes, along with the patients' demographic characteristics were assessed. Results Our findings on mRNA and protein levels demonstrated that the expression of the LMP1 gene in the NPC group was significantly elevated compared with that of the non-NPC group. In addition, the protein levels in the NPC group indicated a positive and significant correlation between LMP1 and VEGF expression. It was noted that both protein and mRNA levels showed no significant differences in the expression of TNF-α and VEGF genes between the NPC and control groups. Furthermore, there was no significant relationship between the expression of these proteins and the demographic characteristics of NPC patients. Conclusion Overall, a significant increase in LMP1 expression was observed in NPC patients, which may serve as a diagnostic biomarker for NPC. Also, LMP1 might be involved in NPC progression by inducing VEGF gene expression.

11.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 Aug; 71(8): 3091-3094
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225185

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors (anti?VEGF) have been shown to be effective in the treatment of diabetic macular edema. However, there is little information about the systemic effects of intraocular administration of anti?VEGF drugs in patients with coexistent diabetic nephropathy because it can produce adverse renal effects. Methods: This retrospective cohort study analyzed the effect of intravitreal anti?VEGF drugs (bevacizumab, ranibizumab, or aflibercept) on eFGR and microalbuminuria (MicA) in patients with diabetic macular edema and nonproliferative retinopathy without chronic kidney disease (CKD). Results: Sixty?six patients were included, 54.5% male and 45.5% female, with a mean age of 66.70 ± 11.6 years. The mean follow?up of patients with antiangiogenic treatment was 42.5 ± 28.07 months, and the mean number of injections was 10.91 ± 7.54. In 12.1% of the cases, there was a worsening of the glomerular filtration rate (eFGR) and a 19.7% worsening of the microalbuminuria (MicA). The number of injections was not related to the worsening of the eFGR (P = 0.74) or the MicA (P = 0.239). No relationship was found between the type of drug and the deterioration of the GFR (P = 0.689) or the MicA (P = 0.53). Conclusions: Based on the results, there is a small proportion of patients with increase in MicA and the decrease in eFGR after anti?VEGF therapy, and these was no associated with the number of injection or the drug type. Ophthalmologists should be aware of renal damage in order to do a close monitoring of renal function and proteinuria after intravitreal administration of anti?VEGF mainly in hypertensive patients.

12.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 Jul; 71(7): 2796-2802
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225131

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To elucidate distance and near vision changes after intravitreal injections in center?involving diabetic macular edema (CIDME) in phakic and pseudophakic groups. Methods: A retrospective study was done on 148 eyes (72 phakic and 76 pseudophakic) with center?involving DME. All eyes were treated with intravitreal anti?vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injection. All patients underwent distance best?corrected visual acuity (BCVA) testing, near BCVA testing, dilated fundus examination, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) at baseline and follow?up visits. Eyes that could not improve after the first injection were given 2nd, 3rd, and more injections in the subsequent visits. Results: On follow?up, post injections in the phakic group (n = 72), there were 65 eyes (90.3%) with stable/improved near vision and 59 eyes (81.9%) with stable/improved distance vision, whereas in the pseudophakic group (n = 76), 63 eyes (82.9%) and 60 eyes (78.9%), respectively. Both in phakic and pseudophakic eyes, 7.7%–13% of the cohort showed only near vision improvement. Conclusion: In DME, besides the changes in distance vision, there are also changes in near vision. These changes should be taken into account while determining the response to anti?VEGF in DME treatment.

13.
Salud mil ; 42(1): e302, 05/05/2023. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1531521

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el mieloma múltiple es un trastorno hematológico maligno y el segundo cáncer de la sangre más frecuente. El proceso de la angiogénesis tumoral es fundamental para el crecimiento y metástasis de muchos tipos de tumores, incluido en mieloma múltiple. Se sabe que la sobreexpresión del factor de crecimiento endothelial vascular se encuentra asociado a un mal pronóstico en esta patología, representando un blanco clave para la terapia anti-angiogénica en mieloma múltiple. El anticuerpo monoclonal Bevacizumab es capaz de unirse con gran afinidad al factor de crecimiento endothelial vascular bloqueando su acción. Objetivo: evaluar el Fab(Bevacizumab) marcado con 99mTc o Cy7 como potenciales agentes de imagen moleculares de la expresión de factor de crecimiento endothelial vascular en mieloma múltiple. Material y métodos: la expresión de factor de crecimiento endothelial vascular fue analizada mediante citometría de flujo en la línea celular huaman de mieloma múltiple, la MM1S. Fab(Bevacizumab) fue producido mediante digestión de Bevacizumab con papaína, conjugado a NHS-HYNIC-Tfa y radiomarcado con 99mTc. Se realizaron estudios de biodistribución y de tomografía computarizada por emisión del fotón simple. A su vez, Fab(Bevacizumab) fue marcado con Cy7 para obtener imágenes de fluorescencia in vivo hasta 96 horas. Resultados: el análisis por citometría de flujo en la línea celular MM1S reveló que la expresión de factor de crecimiento endothelial vascular es predominantemente intracelular. Los estudios de biodistribución y SPECT/CT del complejo 99mTc-HYNIC-Fab(Bevacizumab) mostraron una rápida eliminación sanguínea y una significativa captación a nivel renal y tumoral. Las imágenes por fluorescencia empleando Cy7-Fab(Bevacizumab) permitieron la visualización tumoral hasta 96 h p.i. Conclusiones: logramos visualizar la expresión de factor de crecimiento endothelial vascular in vivo en mieloma múltiple mediante el empleo del fragmento Fab del anticuerpo anti-VEGF (Bevacizumab) marcado con 99mTc y Cy7. Estos nuevos agentes de imagen molecular podrían ser empleados potencialmente en el ámbito clínico para la estadificación y el seguimiento de pacientes con mieloma múltiple, mediante la visualización radioactiva in vivo de la expresión de factor de crecimiento endothelial vascular en todo el cuerpo. La imagen óptica de estos trazadores mejoraría el muestreo tumoral y podría guiar la extirpación quirúrgica.


Introduction: Multiple myeloma is a hematologic malignancy and the second most common blood cancer. The process of tumor angiogenesis is central to the growth and metastasis of many types of tumors, including multiple myeloma. Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor is known to be associated with poor prognosis in this pathology, representing a key target for anti-angiogenic therapy in multiple myeloma. The monoclonal antibody Bevacizumab is able to bind with high affinity to vascular endothelial growth factor blocking its action. Objective: to evaluate 99mTc- or Cy7-labeled Fab(Bevacizumab) as potential molecular imaging agents of vascular endothelial growth factor expression in multiple myeloma. Methods: Vascular endothelial growth factor expression was analyzed by flow cytometry in the multiple myeloma huaman cell line, MM1S. Fab(Bevacizumab) was produced by digestion of Bevacizumab with papain, conjugated to NHS-HYNIC-Tfa and radiolabeled with 99mTc. Biodistribution and single photon emission computed tomography studies were performed. In turn, Fab(Bevacizumab) was labeled with Cy7 to obtain in vivo fluorescence images up to 96 hours. Results: Flow cytometry analysis in the MM1S cell line revealed that vascular endothelial growth factor expression is predominantly intracellular. Biodistribution and SPECT/CT studies of the 99mTc-HYNIC-Fab(Bevacizumab) complex showed rapid blood clearance and significant renal and tumor uptake. Fluorescence imaging using Cy7-Fab(Bevacizumab) allowed tumor visualization up to 96 h p.i. Conclusions: we were able to visualize vascular endothelial growth factor expression in vivo in multiple myeloma using the Fab fragment of the anti-VEGF antibody (Bevacizumab) labeled with 99mTc and Cy7. These new molecular imaging agents could potentially be employed in the clinical setting for staging and monitoring of patients with multiple myeloma by in vivo radioactive visualization of vascular endothelial growth factor expression throughout the body. Optical imaging of these tracers would improve tumor sampling and could guide surgical excision.


Introdução: O mieloma múltiplo é uma malignidade hematológica e o segundo câncer de sangue mais comum. O processo de angiogênese tumoral é fundamental para o crescimento e a metástase de muitos tipos de tumores, incluindo o mieloma múltiplo. Sabe-se que a superexpressão do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular está associada a um prognóstico ruim no mieloma múltiplo, representando um alvo importante para a terapia antiangiogênica no mieloma múltiplo. O anticorpo monoclonal Bevacizumab é capaz de se ligar com alta afinidade ao fator de crescimento endotelial vascular e bloquear sua ação. Objetivo: avaliar o Fab(Bevacizumab) marcado com 99mTc ou Cy7 como possíveis agentes de imagem molecular da expressão do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular no mieloma múltiplo. Métodos: A expressão do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular foi analisada por citometria de fluxo na linha celular de mieloma múltiplo MM1S. O Fab(Bevacizumab) foi produzido pela digestão do Bevacizumab com papaína, conjugado com NHS-HYNIC-Tfa e radiomarcado com 99mTc. Foram realizados estudos de biodistribuição e tomografia computadorizada por emissão de fóton único. Por sua vez, o Fab(Bevacizumab) foi marcado com Cy7 para geração de imagens de fluorescência in vivo por até 96 horas. Resultados: A análise de citometria de fluxo na linha celular MM1S revelou que a expressão do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular é predominantemente intracelular. Os estudos de biodistribuição e SPECT/CT do complexo 99mTc-HYNIC-Fab(Bevacizumab) mostraram uma rápida depuração sanguínea e uma captação renal e tumoral significativa. A imagem de fluorescência usando Cy7-Fab(Bevacizumab) permitiu a visualização do tumor até 96 horas p.i. Conclusões: Conseguimos visualizar a expressão do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular in vivo no mieloma múltiplo usando o fragmento Fab do anticorpo anti-VEGF (Bevacizumab) marcado com 99mTc e Cy7. Esses novos agentes de imagem molecular poderiam ser usados no cenário clínico para o estadiamento e o monitoramento de pacientes com mieloma múltiplo, visualizando radioativamente a expressão do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular in vivo em todo o corpo. A geração de imagens ópticas desses traçadores melhoraria a amostragem do tumor e poderia orientar a excisão cirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Technetium/pharmacokinetics , Molecular Imaging/methods , Flow Cytometry/methods , Bevacizumab/pharmacokinetics , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors , Mice, Inbred BALB C
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 333-342, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440309

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Changes in the microcirculation of multiple tissues and organs have been implicated as a possible mechanism in physiological aging. In particular, vascular endothelial growth factor is a secretory protein responsible for regulating angiogenesis via altering endothelial proliferation, survival, migration, extracellular matrix degradation and cell permeability. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of vascular endothelial growth factor in the progression of morphological alterations caused by physiological aging in the heart and kidney and to examine its relation to changes in capillary density. We used two age groups of healthy Wistar rats - 6- and 12-month- old. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor was examined through immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence and assessed semi-quantitatively. Changes in capillary density were evaluated statistically and correlated with the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor. We reported stronger immunoreactivity for vascular endothelial growth factor in the left compared to the right ventricle and also observed an increase in its expression in both ventricles in older animals. Contrasting results were reported for the renal cortex and medulla. Capillary density decreased statistically in all examined structures as aging progressed. The studied correlations were statistically significant in the two ventricles in 12-month-old animals and in the renal cortex of both age groups. Our results shed light on some changes in the microcirculation that take place as aging advances and likely contribute to impairment in the function of the examined organs.


Los cambios en la microcirculación de múltiples tejidos y órganos se han implicado como un posible mecanismo en el envejecimiento fisiológico. En particular, el factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular es una proteína secretora responsable de regular la angiogénesis mediante la alteración de la proliferación endotelial, la supervivencia, la migración, la degradación de la matriz extracelular y la permeabilidad celular. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar el papel del factor de crecimiento del endotelio vascular en la progresión de las alteraciones morfológicas causadas por el envejecimiento fisiológico en el corazón y riñón y examinar su relación con los cambios en la densidad capilar. Utilizamos dos grupos de ratas Wistar sanas: 6 y 12 meses de edad. La expresión del factor de crecimiento del endotelio vascular se examinó mediante inmunohistoquímica e inmunofluorescencia y se evaluó semicuantitativamente. Los cambios en la densidad capilar se evaluaron estadísticamente y se correlacionaron con la expresión del factor de crecimiento del endotelio vascular. Informamos una inmunorreactividad más fuerte para el factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular en el ventrículo izquierdo en comparación con el derecho y también observamos un aumento en su expresión en ambos ventrículos en animales mayores. Se informaron resultados contrastantes para la corteza renal y la médula. La densidad capilar disminuyó estadísticamente en todas las estructuras examinadas a medida que avanzaba el envejecimiento. Las correlaciones estudiadas fueron estadísticamente significativas en los dos ventrículos en animales de 12 meses y en la corteza renal de ambos grupos de edad. Nuestros resultados arrojan luz sobre algunos cambios en la microcirculación que tienen lugar a medida que avanza el envejecimiento y probablemente contribuyan a un deterioro en la función de los órganos examinados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Aging , Coronary Vessels/anatomy & histology , Heart/anatomy & histology , Kidney/blood supply , Capillaries/anatomy & histology , Immunohistochemistry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Rats, Wistar , Coronary Vessels/physiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism , Heart/physiology , Kidney/anatomy & histology , Kidney/physiology , Microcirculation
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2685-2693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999012

ABSTRACT

Total flavonoids of Dracocephalum moldavica L. (TFDM) is an effective component extracted and isolated from the traditional Uighur medicinal herb Cymbidium fragrans. Cymbidium fragrans has the effects of tonifying the heart and brain, promoting blood circulation and resolving blood stasis, and has been widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases for a long time. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of total flavonoids from Cymbidium fragrans on hypoxia/re-oxygenation (H/R) injury in H9c2 (rat cardiomyocytes) cells and its mechanism. A model (H/R) of hypoxia/re-oxygenation injury in H9c2 cells was established using hypoxia and glucose deprivation for 9 h combined with re-oxygenation and rehydration for 2 h to simulate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The effects of total flavonoids from Cymbidium fragrans on cell viability, markers of myocardial cell damage, oxidative stress levels, and reactive oxygen radical (ROS) content were investigated, Western blot was used to detect the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) and adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway related proteins. The results showed that the total flavonoids of Cymbidium fragrans significantly increased the viability of myocardial cells after H/R injury, and decreased the content of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase isozyme (CK-MB) in the cell supernatant. It significantly reduced malondialdehyde (MDA), increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities, and decreased intracellular ROS and nitric oxide (NO) content. Western blot analysis showed that the total flavonoids of Cymbidium fragrans decreased Bax levels in H9c2 cells damaged by H/R and increased Bcl-2 expression. Total flavones of Cymbidium fragrans upregulate VEGF-B/AMPK pathway related proteins VEGF-B, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR-1), neuropilin 1 (NRP-1), peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate activated protein (p-AMPK) and phospho mechanistic target of rapamycin (p-MTOR) levels. The above research results indicate that the total flavonoids of Cymbidium can significantly reduce the H/R injury of myocardial cells, which may be related to the upregulation of VEGF-B/AMPK pathway and inhibition of oxidative stress response.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1998-2002, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998479

ABSTRACT

With the increasing aging population, the incidence of wet age-related macular degeneration(wARMD)is gradually rising. The formation of neovascularization leads to recurrent hemorrhage in the macular region, which is one of the main causes of blindness in the elderly. Currently, the primary clinical treatment for wARMD is intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)drugs. However, there are still some patients who have poor or no response to anti-VEGF drugs, resulting in suboptimal or ineffective clinical outcomes. Analyzing the specific influencing factors will be beneficial in guiding clinical decision-making. This article reviews the impact of factors such as advanced age, treatment duration, number of injections, characteristics of neovascular lesions, macular structure, intraocular cytokine levels, and genetics on the response to anti-VEGF therapy. In addition, recent studies have found that pericytes, as cellular components of microvascular walls, can influence the sensitivity to anti-VEGF therapy. This review summarizes the current research on the mechanisms of pericytes in poor or non-response to anti-VEGF therapy and discusses targeted strategies focusing on pericytes.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1954-1960, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998471

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the efficacy and safety of safflor yellow injection combined with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)drug in the treatment of non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion(CRVO).METHODS: A total of 91 patients(91 eyes)with non-ischemic CRVO complicated with macular edema who were treated in the Affiliated Eye Hospital of Nanchang University from April 2017 to December 2021 were selected. They were randomly divided into observation group, with 47 cases(47 eyes)treated with safflor yellow injection combined with intravitreal injections of ranibizumab, and control group with 44 cases(44 eyes)who were treated with intravitreal injections of ranibizumab. Followed-up for 11mo, the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and macular central retinal thickness(CRT)of the two groups were observed and the cases of complete absorption of retinal hemorrhage, the times of anti-VEGF drug injections, the cases of ischemic CRVO, and the occurrence of systemic or ocular complications were recorded.RESULTS: At 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11mo after treatment, the BCVA and CRT in both groups were significantly improved compared with those before treatment, and BCVA and CRT in the observation group were superior to the control group at 3, 5, 7, 9 and 11mo after treatment(all P&#x003C;0.05). At 5, 7, 9 and 11mo after treatment, the complete absorption rate of retinal hemorrhage in the observation group was higher than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). During the follow-up period, the anti-VEGF drug injection in the observation group was significantly less than that in the control group(4.83±1.05 vs. 5.75±1.01, P&#x003C;0.05), and the incidence of ischemic CRVO was significantly lower than that in the control group(21% vs. 86%, P&#x003C;0.05), and there were no treatment-related systemic and ocular complications in both groups.CONCLUSION: Safflor yellow injection combined with anti-VEGF drugs is a safe and effective method for the treatment of non-ischemic CRVO, which can significantly improve vision and reduce CRT. It can increase the complete absorption rate of retinal hemorrhage, reduce the times of anti-VEGF drug injections and the incidence of ischemic CRVO compared with monotherapy of anti-VEGF drug.

18.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 77-93, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981599

ABSTRACT

Background In mainland China, patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) have approximately an 40% prevalence of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). This disease leads to recurrent retinal pigment epithelium detachment (PED), extensive subretinal or vitreous hemorrhages, and severe vision loss. China has introduced various treatment modalities in the past years and gained comprehensive experience in treating PCV.Methods A total of 14 retinal specialists nationwide with expertise in PCV were empaneled to prioritize six questions and address their corresponding outcomes, regarding opinions on inactive PCV, choices of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) monotherapy, photodynamic therapy (PDT) monotherapy or combined therapy, patients with persistent subretinal fluid (SRF) or intraretinal fluid (IRF) after loading dose anti-VEGF, and patients with massive subretinal hemorrhage. An evidence synthesis team conducted systematic reviews, which informed the recommendations that address these questions. This guideline used the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) approach to assess the certainty of evidence and grade the strengths of recommendations. Results The panel proposed the following six conditional recommendations regarding treatment choices. (1) For patients with inactive PCV, we suggest observation over treatment. (2) For treatment-na?ve PCV patients, we suggest either anti-VEGF monotherapy or combined anti-VEGF and PDT rather than PDT monotherapy. (3) For patients with PCV who plan to initiate combined anti-VEGF and PDT treatment, we suggest later/rescue PDT over initiate PDT. (4) For PCV patients who plan to initiate anti-VEGF monotherapy, we suggest the treat and extend (T&E) regimen rather than the pro re nata (PRN) regimen following three monthly loading doses. (5) For patients with persistent SRF or IRF on optical coherence tomography (OCT) after three monthly anti-VEGF treatments, we suggest proceeding with anti-VEGF treatment rather than observation. (6) For PCV patients with massive subretinal hemorrhage (equal to or more than four optic disc areas) involving the central macula, we suggest surgery (vitrectomy in combination with tissue-plasminogen activator (tPA) intraocular injection and gas tamponade) rather than anti-VEGF monotherapy. Conclusions Six evidence-based recommendations support optimal care for PCV patients' management.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 991-995, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973792

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the clinical efficacy of different anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF)drugs in the treatment of diabetic macular edema(DME), and analyze their relationship with optical coherence tomography(OCT)classification.METHODS: A total of 45 DME patients treated with ranibizumab(admitted to our hospital from February 2020 to February 2022)were selected as the ranibizumab group, and 45 DME patients treated with conbercept during the same period were selected as the conbercept group. The ranibizumab group was treated with retinal photocoagulation combined with ranibizumab, and the conbercept group was treated with retinal photocoagulation combined with conbercept. The improvement of symptoms(improvement time of macular edema, time of retinal thickness returning to normal, disappearance time of neovascularization and absorption time of fundus hemorrhage), levels of serum interleukin-6(IL-6)and VEGF, central macular thickness(CMT), best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), and complications were compared between the two groups, and the relationship between their clinical efficacy and different OCT types were analyzed.RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the improvement time of macular edema, time of retinal thickness returning to normal, disappearance time of neovascularization and absorption time of fundus hemorrhage between the two groups(P&#x003E;0.05); After treatment, the values of IL-6, VEGF and BCVA in the two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment(P&#x003C;0.01), but there was no significant difference between the two groups(P&#x003E;0.05); compared with before treatment, CMT was significantly decreased in both groups after treatment(P&#x003C;0.05), and compared with ranibizumab group, the CMT was significantly decreased in the conbercept group(P&#x003C;0.01); there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between two groups(P&#x003E;0.05); there were significant differences in the total effective rate among patients with serous retinal detachment(SRD), cystoid macular edema(CME)and diffuse retinal thickening(DRT; P&#x003C;0.05), among which DRT had the highest total effective rate and SRD had the lowest total effective rate.CONCLUSION: Both conbercept and ranibizumab in the treatment of DME can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients and reduce the inflammatory response, but conbercept can better reduce the level of CMT, and has better treatment effect on DRT-type DME patients.

20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1093-1101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Naoluo Xintong Decoction (NLXTD) on pyroptosis and angiogenesis of brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) and explore the possible mechanisms in rats with oxygen-glucose deprivation/ reperfusion (OGD/R).@*METHODS@#Rat BMECs with or without caspase-1 siRNA transfection were cultured in the presence of 10% medicated serum from NLXTD-treated rats (or blank serum) and exposed to OGD/R. CCK-8 assay, Transwell chamber assay, and tube formation assay were used to assess proliferation, migration, and tube-forming abilities of the cells. The activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the culture supernatant was determined using a commercial assay kit, and the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-18 were detected with ELISA. The cellular expressions of pro-caspase-1, caspase-1, NLRP3, Gasdermin D, and angiogenesis-related proteins VEGF and VEGFR2 were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The BMECs showed obvious injuries after OGD/R exposure. Compared with the blank serum, the medicated serum significantly improved the cell viability, migration ability, and lumen-forming ability (P < 0.01) and lowered the levels of IL-1β and IL-18 and the LDH release (P < 0.01) of the cells with OGD/R exposure. Western blotting showed that in the BMECs exposed to OGD/R, the medicated serum strongly upregulated the expression of VEGF and VEGFR2 proteins (P < 0.01) and reduced the protein expressions of pro-caspase-1, caspase-1, NLRP3, and Gasdermin D (P < 0.01), and transfection of the cells with caspase-1 siRNA further promoted the expressions of VEGFR2 protein in the cells (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#NLXTD can improve the proliferation, migration, and tube- forming ability and promote angiogenesis of BMECs with OGD/R injury probably by inhibiting the caspase-1/Gasdermin D pathway in pyroptosis, alleviating cell injury, and upregulating the expressions of VEGF and VEGFR2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Endothelial Cells , Caspase 1 , Gasdermins , Interleukin-18 , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Reperfusion Injury , Brain , Angiogenic Proteins , Glucose
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