Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 4.237
Filter
1.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 23(1): 87-102, jan.-jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356772

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A violência contra a mulher é uma das maiores causas de homicídio no Brasil. Como alternativa de combate surgem os grupos reflexivos de homens. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever a experiência de uma equipe multiprofissional na formação de um grupo reflexivo de homens, realizado num Juizado de Violência Doméstica e Familiar Contra Mulher. O grupo formado por nove homens, teve cinco encontros quinzenais, nos quais foram trabalhados: a violência contra mulher, o papel da justiça frente à violência doméstica e familiar, consciência emocional e masculinidades, resolução de conflitos e a Lei Maria da Penha. As conclusões apontam grande adesão dos homens ao grupo, mudanças significativas na compreensão do problema da violência, além de mudanças em seus comportamentos.


ABSTRACT Violence against women is one of the greatest causes of homicide in Brazil. As an alternative for combating this, reflective groups of men emerge. The purpose of this article is to describe the experience of a multi-professional team in forming a reflective group of men, held in a Court of Domestic and Family Violence Against Women. The group formed by nine men had five biweekly meetings in which they discussed: violence against women, the role of justice in the face of domestic and family violence, emotional and masculinity awareness, conflict resolution, and the Maria da Penha Law. The conclusions point to a great commitment of the men to the group, significant changes in the understanding of the problem of violence, besides changes in the behavior of the men.


RESUMEN La violencia contra la mujer es una de las mayores causas de homicidio en Brasil. Como una de las alternativas para contrarrestar el problema surgieron los grupos reflexivos de homens. El objetivo de este artículo es describir la experiencia de un equipo multiprofesional en actuación en un grupo reflexivo de homens, realizado en un Juzgado de violencia domiciliaria y familiar contra mujeres. El grupo fue formado por nueve hombres, tuvo cinco encuentros quincenales, en los cuales fueron trabajados: la violencia contra la mujer, el papel de la justicia frente a la violencia domiciliaria y familiar, la consciencia emocional y masculinidades, resolución de conflictos y la Ley Maria da Penha. Las conclusiones apuntan gran adhesión de los hombres al grupo, mudanzas significativas en la comprensión del problema de la violencia, además de mudanzas en sus comportamientos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Psychotherapy, Group , Role , Domestic Violence , Violence Against Women , Masculinity , Gender Studies
2.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 23(1): 30-43, jan.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356768

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as experiências na família de origem de casais que vivenciam violência uni ou bidirecional. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa, descritiva e comparativa, da qual participaram 304 casais heterossexuais. Foram utilizados um questionário sociodemográfico, a Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) e o Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ). Para 72,4% dos casais a violência psicológica se expressou de forma bidirecional, já a violência física e a coerção sexual, quando unidirecionais, foram mais cometidas pelos homens. A dimensão de violência física foi a que teve mais experiências da família de origem que se diferenciaram entre os grupos. Acredita-se que atuar preventivamente minimize a perpetuação de relacionamentos cujo modo de resolução de conflitos ocorra por meio da violência.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to compare the experiences lived in the family of origin of couples who undergo uni or bidirectional violence. It is a quantitative, descriptive, comparative study in which 304 heterosexual couples participated. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), and the Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ) were used. For 72.4% of couples, psychological violence was expressed in a bidirectional way, whereas physical violence and sexual coercion, when unidirectional, were more committed by men. The dimension of physical violence was the one that had the most experiences of the family of origin, which differed between the groups. Acting in a preventive way may minimize the perpetuation of relationships that use violence to solve conflicts.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar las experiencias en la familia de origen de parejas que experimentan violencia uni o bidireccional. Se trata de una investigación cuantitativa, descriptiva y comparativa, en que participaron 304 parejas heterosexuales. Se utilizó un cuestionario sociodemográfico, la Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) y el Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ). Para el 72,4% de las parejas, la violencia psicológica se expresa de forma bidireccional, ya la violencia física y la coacción sexual, cuando son unidireccionales, son más cometidas por hombres. La dimensión de violencia física fue la que más vivencias tuvo de la familia de origen, la cual difirió entre los grupos. Se cree que actuar preventivamente puede minimizar la perpetuación de relaciones cuyo modo de resolución de conflictos ocurra por medio de la violencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Marriage , Family Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Family Relations , Physical Abuse , Domestic Violence
3.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 23(1): 5-13, jan.-jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356766

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O mundo vive um tempo de mudanças catastróficas. Um tempo de mortes, violência, pobreza, degradação ambiental, exploração econômica e genocídio. As mais diversas esferas da vida demonstram que muito antes e além da pandemia o mundo já exigia transformações sociais profundas. Utilizaremos aqui dados estatísticos sobre a Educação e sobre a violência vivida pelos povos originários, os afrodescendentes e outros grupos marginalizados para propor o enfrentamento dessa situação. As concepções originais de líderes indígenas brasileiros apontam um caminho possível.


ABSTRACT The world is in a time of catastrophic change. It is a time of death, violence, poverty, environmental degradation, economic exploitation, and genocide. Long before and beyond the pandemic, the diverse spheres of life demonstrate that the world already demanded profound social transformations. Here, we will use statistical data on Education and violence experienced by native peoples, Afro-descendants, and other marginalized groups, to propose how to confront this situation. The original conceptions of Brazilian indigenous leaders point to a possible path.


RESUMEN El mundo se encuentra en una época de cambios catastróficos. Una época de muerte, violencia, pobreza, degradación ambiental, explotación económica y genocidio. Los más diversos ámbitos de la vida demuestran que mucho antes y más allá de la pandemia, el mundo ya exigía profundas transformaciones sociales. Aquí, utilizaremos datos estadísticos sobre Educación y sobre la violencia vivida por los pueblos originarios, afrodescendientes y otros grupos marginados, para proponer cómo enfrentar esta situación. Las concepciones originales de los líderes indígenas brasileños apuntan a un camino posible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychoanalysis , Violence , Adaptation, Psychological , African Continental Ancestry Group , Pandemics , Genocide , Indigenous Peoples , Object Attachment
4.
Interdisciplinaria ; 39(1): 41-56, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360479

ABSTRACT

Resumen La violencia en las parejas adolescentes es un tema de especial importancia por la implicación en la salud y en las relaciones afectivas de los adolescentes. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar la influencia del género y de la religión en la violencia física, de comunicación/relación y psicológica, recibidas por los adolescentes, y en la satisfacción con la vida que estos presentan, además, del papel que juegan las conductas sexistas en esta violencia. Los participantes han sido 1 036 adolescentes pertenecientes a siete centros de educación secundaria del sudeste español, de edades comprendidas entre 14 y 19 años, de los que el 48.1 % eran hombres y el 51.9 %, mujeres. Para alcanzar los objetivos de la investigación, junto con los datos demográficos y personales, se aplicó la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida (SWLS), la Escala de Violencia en la pareja desarrollada y validada para este estudio que recoge tres subescalas: violencia psicológica, violencia física, y violencia en la comunicación y relación con otros. Finalmente, el cuestionario sobre conductas sexistas da información sobre creencias falsas y conductas sexistas. Los resultados muestran niveles más altos de violencia física, psicológica y de comunicación/relación sufrida por los hombres. Aunque son los hombres los que se sienten más satisfechos con la vida y los que manifiestan más conductas sexistas. La creencia religiosa no interviene en la violencia ejercida, pero son los adolescentes practicantes los que se muestran más satisfechos con la vida.


Abstract Teen dating violence is defined as the physical, sexual, psycho-emotional violence that occurs within couple relationships during adolescence. These are relationships that threaten the well-being, health or integrity of the couple and that use mechanisms of control or domination of the couple through coactive or coercive tactics. With this research we have tried to find out about life satisfaction, the physical, psychological and communicative violence suffered by adolescent men and women who are religious or not. In addition, detect sexist behaviours in young people of both sexes and assess behaviours based on religious practice. A descriptive, cross-sectional and predictive study was carried out. Cluster random sampling was carried out when selecting secondary schools in South-eastern Spain. The study included 1 036 adolescents with ages between 14 and 19 years old, of whom 48.1 % were men and 51.9 % women. To fulfill the objectives together with demographic and personal data, the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) is applied, which assesses the cognitive aspects of well-being. The Psychological Violence Scale is applied with the objective of assessing the psychological and emotional violence. To know the physical violence and authoritarian behaviour, the Physical Violence Scale is applied. Finally, the Violence in Communication and Relationship with Others Scale is introduced for studying online violence and relationship violence. The three violence scales have been adapted, developed and validated by Soriano and Aguilera (2017). Finally, the questionnaire on sexist behaviours collects information on false beliefs and sexist behaviours. The data collection procedure followed the standards set out in the Helsinki Convention (2013) for scientific research involving human participants. Regarding the results, in the first of the logistic regression models, it is good for boys to go out with many girls, but not the other way around (Wald = 14.461; p = .000; OR = 4.047), it is observed to be that boys are 4.047 times more likely to agree with this attitude than girls. Also, it is statistically significant that sometimes you have to threaten others to know who is in charge, (Wald = 8.107; p = .004; OR = 2.173), which indicates that the boys are 2.173 times more likely in accordance with that conduct that the girls. It is also statistically significant that when a woman is assaulted by her partner she will have done something to provoke him, (Wald = 16.315; p = .000; OR = 3.538), making it 3.538 times more likely that boys support this attitude than girls. At the same time, it is statistically significant that the violence that occurs within the home is a family matter and should not leave there, (Wald = 4.132; p = .042; OR = 1.694), which also indicates that boys are 1.694 times more likely to adopt this behaviour than girls. Regarding the perception of violence, it is observed that men perceive more violence than women, being significant for the three types of violence studied (p < .05): Communication, psychological and physical. Personal satisfaction also shows significant results (Z = -2.61; p = .009). In this case, men perceive greatersatisfaction with their life than women. For students with religious beliefs and practices, statistically significant results were evident only in personal satisfaction (Z = -3.42; p = .001), showing that students who practice a religion have more satisfaction with life. The results show higher levels of physical, psychological and communication / relationship violence suffered by men. However, men feel more satisfation with life and show more sexist behaviour. Religious belief does not intervene in violence, but the practicing adolescents are those most satisfied with life.

5.
Interdisciplinaria ; 39(1): 211-222, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360489

ABSTRACT

Resumen En este artículo se presenta la validación de una versión abreviada de la Escala de Prácticas Espirituales de Parsian y Dunning (2009). Para ello, se utilizó una muestra de personas adultas (n = 251, M = 60.85, DT = 13.40) víctimas de violencia política en Chile durante la dictadura cívico militar (1973-1990). Para valorar la estructura de la escala se realizó un Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio (AFC), se calculó el índice de fiabilidad (α = .85) y se valoró la validez convergente con una serie de correlaciones bivariadas entre variables. De acuerdo a lo esperado, el AFC informa un adecuado ajuste a la estructura unifactorial y los resultados dan cuenta de la relación significativa entre las prácticas espirituales y el crecimiento postraumático y entre las prácticas espirituales y la religiosidad. La relación entre estas dos últimas es media-baja (r = .29), lo cual permite concluir que, aunque relacionadas, son constructos diferentes. A partir del análisis de los datos, no se puede concluir que exista relación entre las prácticas espirituales con la edad y el nivel de ingresos. En conclusión, la versión abreviada de la Escala de Prácticas Espirituales presenta adecuados niveles de fiabilidad y validez, por lo que resulta recomendable para ser utilizada en la medición de prácticas espirituales, especialmente en aquellas poblaciones que no se adscriben a una fe teísta.


Abstract Spirituality, or what motivates the search for the sacred from particular and free positions, allows us to provide a framework from which to interpret the experience of loss and suffering, contributing in different ways to the resignification and re-authorship of people after the trauma. It is related to resilience, with that ability to overcome adverse events. It favors the mitigation of the negative effects of the traumatic event and fosters healthy and successful psychological development -despite the suffering caused by an external situation- by promoting the construction and redefinition of people's life purpose -one of the central components of human well-being-, being especially relevant in those who have been victims of trauma. Thus, spirituality can contribute to the reconfiguration of the narrative about the survived experience from practices that promote spiritual emotion such as the actions of meditating or praying, the latter considered as one of the mechanisms of self-revelation that is fundamental within the post traumatic growth process. Spirituality and religion maintain a complex interrelation that at times makes difficult the distinction between them. However, this distinction is especially sensitive and necessary when it comes to accounting for spirituality in people who do not profess a theistic faith. This is the case of a significant part of people with left-wing ideologies -who suffered some type of violence during the military dictatorships implanted from the second half of the 20th century in Latin America. Particularly in Chile, the civic-military dictatorship (1973-1990) was especially cruel with people of left-wing ideologies, many of them not ascribed to a belief of a theistic order. In this context, it is relevant to account for spiritual practices -differentiating them from religious beliefs- in relation to post-traumatic growth in people victims of political violence. For this objective we have proposed in this article the validation of the short version of the Parsian and Dunning (2009) Spiritual Practice Scale. For this purpose, we utilized a sample of adult people victims of political violence in Chile during the military dictatorship between 1973 and 1990 (n = 251, M = 60.85, DT = 13.40). To assess the structure of the scale, we estimated a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The reliability index was calculated (α = .85) and the convergent validity was assessed with a series of bivariate correlations between variables. As expected, the CFA reports an adequate adjustment to the unifactorial structure and the results show the significant relationship between spiritual practices and post-traumatic growth (r = .45), and between spiritual practices with religiosity (r = .29). Being the relationship between spiritual practices and religiosity medium-low, it allows us to conclude that although they are related, they are different constructs. From the analysis of the data, it cannot be concluded that there is a relationship between spiritual practices with age and income level. In conclusion, the short version of the Spiritual Practices Scale presents adequate levels of reliability and validity, so it is recommended to be used in the measurement of spiritual practices, especially in those populations that do not adhere to a theistic faith.

6.
Interdisciplinaria ; 39(1): 223-239, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360490

ABSTRACT

Resumen El personal docente cumple un rol clave en la prevención de la violencia de género (VG) en el ámbito educativo. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo validar al contexto local dos escalas para indagar cómo el personal docente y directivo valoran los obstáculos para abordar la VG y conocer su valoración respecto a las medidas propuestas para mejorar la prevención y la forma de abordarla. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal y multicéntrico con personal docente y directivo de escuelas públicas de Córdoba, Argentina. Para ello, se utilizó un cuestionario autoadministrado que incluyó dos escalas, una sobre obstáculos y otra sobre medidas. Se realizó análisis descriptivo, bivariante, factorial exploratorio y alfa de Cronbach y se construyó un modelo de regresión múltiple utilizando cada factor como variable dependiente. La escala validada de obstáculos se compone de diez preguntas y la escala de medidas incluye trece. Los resultados de regresión múltiple indican que los vínculos y prejuicios funcionan como obstáculos importantes para el nivel primario. La importancia otorgada a la ayuda especializada, como medida para prevenir la VG, se asocia a los equipos educativos que han manifestado necesidad de formación en este tema. Quienes han realizado actividades de prevención en las escuelas de nivel primario valoran más la transversalización de la perspectiva de género como medida. Las escuelas con personal en situación de VG consideran la formación en VG como medida de gran relevancia. Las escalas validadas en este estudio son fiables y recogen dimensiones empíricas de las valoraciones sobre obstáculos y medidas en relación con el abordaje de la VG en las escuelas.


Abstract Teachers play a key role in the prevention of gender violence (GBV) in the educational field. However, studies evaluating the opinions of teaching and management staff regarding the necessary measures to prevent GBV or the obstacles they must face when addressing this problem in the educational field in our context are incipient. This work aims to validate two scales to know the opinions and evaluations of the educational personnel on the obstacles and the measures they consider necessary to tackle and prevent GBV in schools. A descriptive, cross-sectional and multicenter study was carried out to an intentional non-probability sampling. The study population was the directing and teaching staff of schools in the Province of Córdoba, Argentina. The study variables were: sex, years of experience in the position, age, educational level of the center (initial / primary / middle / tertiary), area (urban / rural), locality where the face-to-face training was carried out, prevention activities carried out in the educational center focused on: students, families, and the educational team; GBV training activities carried out by the educational team, women and/or families identified in GBV situation, families with judicial restraining order, team interventions education before GBV of the students and/or families, staff of the educational team that has lived or is experiencing a situation of GBV, meetings of the educational team with local community organizations to articulate activity to prevent and/or address GBV, need for training on GBV manifested by the teaching team. To measure opinions on the obstacles and measures necessary to address GBV in schools, we applied a self-administered questionnaire with two scales, one on obstacles and the other on measures, based on Spanish scales. A descriptive, bivariate analysis of the relationship of all variables with sex, exploratory factor and Cronbach's alpha was performed. Finally, a multiple regression model was constructed to test the convergent validity using each factor as the dependent variable. The first scale of ten items identifies a dimension of obstacles related to family ties and existing prejudices in the educational community. The second dimension, values ​​aspects related to the scarcity of resources. For its part, the thirteen item scale of measurements has three dimensions. The first dimension, groups measures related to specialized help to address GBV, such as prevention programs, materials, and coordination with external organizations. The second groups the measures related to the need to have gender mainstreaming measures in the approach to GBV at school. The third dimension reflects the importance of staff training on these topics. Bonds and biases function as major obstacles for the elementary level. The importance given to specialized help, as a measure to prevent GBV, is mainly associated with educational teams that have expressed a need for training in this area. Those who have carried out prevention activities and primary schools, value more the mainstreaming of the gender perspective as a measure. Schools with staff who have lived or are experiencing a GBV situation consider GBV training as a highly relevant measure. The scales validated in this study are reliable and include empirical dimensions of the assessments of obstacles and measures in relation to the GBV approach in schools.

7.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(1): 105-120, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364260

ABSTRACT

Resumo A violência de gênero contra as mulheres está relacionada à desigualdade de gênero. Ela é compreendida como a ruptura de qualquer forma de integridade da mulher - física, sexual, psicológica, patrimonial, econômica ou moral - e pode ocorrer tanto no âmbito privado-familiar como nos espaços de trabalho e públicos. A violência de gênero repercute na saúde e na qualidade de vida das mulheres em qualquer âmbito social. No caso deste estudo, ela foi analisada no ambiente universitário e no desenvolvimento acadêmico delas. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo objetivou analisar as evidências acerca da prevalência da violência de gênero em mulheres estudantes universitárias e seus fatores associados. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura realizada nas bases de dados LILACS, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC e ASSIA, em que 22 artigos atenderam aos critérios de seleção. As evidências disponíveis na literatura indicaram diferentes formas de violência de gênero em mulheres universitárias, perpetradas por parceiros íntimos e outros agressores. A prevalência de violência de gênero em mulheres estudantes universitárias apontada nos estudos variou entre 1,3% e 85%, diferindo de acordo com o tipo de violência. A violência está associada com fatores sociais e comportamentais, uma vez que as estudantes mais jovens apresentaram maiores índices de violência, assim como as de raça/etnia não branca, as que se identificavam como homossexuais ou bissexuais e as que tinham histórico de vitimização anterior. Evidências sobre o uso de álcool e outras drogas por parte das mulheres e a participação em irmandades sociais diferiram de acordo com o tipo de violência. Assim, conclui-se que a prevalência da violência de gênero na população de mulheres estudantes universitárias varia de acordo com a sua tipificação, é majoritariamente perpetrada por homens próximos a elas e está associada com marcadores sociais.


Resumen La violencia de género contra las mujeres está relacionada con la desigualdad de género y se entiende que es la interrupción de cualquier forma de integridad de las mujeres. Puede ser del tipo físico, sexual, psicológico, patrimonial, económica o moral y puede ocurrir tanto en el entorno privado-familiar, como en el trabajo y los espacios públicos. La violencia de género tiene un impacto en la salud y la calidad de vida de las mujeres y puede generalizarse en entornos universitarios, lo que también implica el desarrollo académico de las mujeres. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la evidencia sobre la prevalencia de la violencia de género en estudiantes universitarias y sus factores asociados. Esta es una revisión integral de la literatura realizada en las bases de datos LILACS, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC y ASSIA, en la que 22 artículos cumplieron con los criterios de selección. La evidencia disponible en la literatura ha indicado diferentes formas de violencia de género en mujeres universitarias perpetradas por parejas íntimas y otros agresores. La prevalencia de la violencia de género en las estudiantes universitarias informadas en los estudios varió entre el 1,3% y el 85%, difiriendo según el tipo de violencia. La violencia está asociada a factores sociales y de comportamiento, ya que las estudiantes más jóvenes tuvieron tasas más altas de violencia, así como aquellos de raza/etnia no blanca, aquellos que se identificaron como homosexuales o bisexuales y los que tenían un historial de victimización Anterior. Las pruebas sobre el uso de alcohol y otras drogas por parte de las mujeres y la participación en hermandades sociales diferían según el tipo de violencia. Por lo tanto, se concluye que la prevalencia de la violencia de género en la población de estudiantes universitarias varía según su tipificación, en su mayoría es perpetrada por hombres cercanos a ellas y está asociada con marcadores sociales.


Abstract Gender-based violence against women is related to gender inequality and is understood as the disruption of any form of the woman's integrity. It can be physical, sexual, psychological, patrimonial, economic or moral, and can occur in the private-family environment as well as in the work and public spaces. Gender-based violence affects the health and quality of life of women and can be disseminated in several ways in the university environments, which also affects the women's aca-demic development. The present study aimed to analyze the evidence about the prevalence of gender-based violence among female university students and its associated factors. This is an integrative literature review performed in the LILACS, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC and ASSIA databases, in which 22 articles met the selection criteria. Evidence available in the literature have indicated different forms of gender-based violence among college women perpetrated by intimate partners and other aggressors. The prevalence of gender-based violence in female university students reported in the studies varied between 1.3% and 85%, differing according to the type of violence. Such violence is associated to social and behavioral factors, as younger students presented higher rates of violence, as well as those of a non-white race/ethnicity, those who identified themselves as homosexual or bisexual, and those with a previous history of victimization. Evidence about the use of alcohol and other drugs by women and their participation in social fraternities or sororities differed according to the type of violence. Thus, one may conclude that the prevalence of gender-based violence among the population of female university students varies according to its typification, is mostly perpetrated by men close to the women and is associated with social markers.

8.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(1): 218-229, ene.-jun. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364266

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article aims to analyze the effect of the combination of the variables - victim characteristics (skin color and normativity), observer sex, Belief in a Just World, and ambivalent sexism - on sexual violence victim blaming. Three studies were conducted with university students (Study 1, N=288; Study 2, N=226; Study 3, N=307), who were asked to answer some items on victim blaming, Belief in a Just World, and Ambivalent Sexism. The ANOVA and ANCOVA analyses have shown that the combination of these variables resulted in higher black and counter-normative victim blaming. The results confirmed that victim skin color, victim normativity, and the observer sex influence victim blaming for sexual violence (study 1); that BJW predicts the attribution of the victim's accountability for sexual violence (study 2), and that only benevolent sexism, together with BJW, was responsible for predicting victim blaming for sexual violence (study 3).


Abstract La mayoría de los estudios que investigan la culpabilización de las mujeres que son víctimas de violencia sexual indican que algunas características de la víctima y del observador están estrechamente relacionadas con este fenómeno. Este artículo propone analizar el efecto de la combinación de las variables características de la víctima (color de la piel y normatividad), el sexo del observador, la Creencia en un Mundo Justo y el sexismo ambivalente, en la culpabilización de la víctima de la violencia sexual. Desarrollamos tres estudios realizados con estudiantes universitarios (Estudio 1, N = 288; Estudio 2, N = 226; Estudio 3, N = 307), que fueron instruidos para responder algunos ítems sobre culpar a la víctima, creer en un mundo justo y sexismo ambivalente. Los análisis, ANOVA y ANCOVA, mostraron que la combinación de estas variables dio como resultado una mayor culpa atribuida a la víctima negra y la contranormativa. Los resultados confirmaron que el color de la piel de la víctima, la normatividad de la víctima y el sexo del observador influencian en la responsabilización de la víctima de violencia sexual (estudio 1), que la CMJ predice la responsabilización de la víctima de violencia sexual (estudio 2) y que solamente el sexismo benevolente, junto con la CMJ, fue responsable por prever la culpabilización de la víctima de violencia sexual (estudio 3).

10.
FEMINA ; 50(3): 184-192, 20220331. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367574

ABSTRACT

Esta revisão narrativa procura discutir aspectos concernentes ao processo gestacional de mulheres negras, quais sejam: se existem diferenças de tratamento entre mulheres brancas e negras durante a gravidez e nos momentos do parto e pós-parto, como essas diferenças são influenciadas pelos aspectos fisiológicos de cada grupo étnico e como isso afeta as taxas de morbimortalidade. Para esta revisão, quatro bases de dados foram usadas (SciELO, LILACS, PubMed e MEDLINE) e 23 artigos foram lidos na íntegra, depois de selecionados por data de publicação, língua, país da pesquisa e análise dos títulos e resumos. Como principais resultados, os autores encontraram diferenças claras entre mulheres brancas e negras quanto ao acesso à saúde, sendo as negras mais propensas a usar os sistemas públicos e ter menos consultas pré-natal. Também foi observado que as mulheres negras reportaram maus-tratos mais vezes, tinham maiores chances de serem proibidas de ter um acompanhante durante o parto e recebiam menos anestesia para episiotomias. As características fisiológicas também foram apontadas várias vezes. Nesse sentido, altas taxas de anemia ferropriva e hipertensão durante a gravidez foram mais comuns entre as negras. Além disso, em se tratando de taxas de morbimortalidade, mulheres negras tinham uma chance consideravelmente maior de serem readmitidas pós-parto e maiores taxas de mortalidade, quando comparadas com mulheres brancas.(AU)


This review aims to discuss aspects related to the gestational process of black women, namely: if there is a difference in how black and white women are treated throughout pregnancy, partum and postpartum moments, how this difference is influenced by the physiological aspects of each ethnical group and how it affects their morbidity and mortality rates. For this review, four databases were used (SciELO, LILACS, PubMed and MEDLINE) and 23 articles were fully read, after being selected by publishing date, language, country of research, title and abstract analysis. The authors found as the main results clear differences between black women's and white women's access to health care, as black women are more likely to use public health care systems and have fewer prenatal appointments. It was also noticed that black women reported maltreatment more frequently, had a higher chance of being prohibited from keeping a companion during labor and suffering from less local anesthesia for episiotomy. The physiological characteristics were also pointed out several times, with high rates of iron deficiency anemia and hypertension during pregnancy being more common among black women. Moreover, when it comes to morbidity and mortality rates, black women had an extremely higher chance of being readmitted postpartum, and a higher mortality rate, when compared to white women.(AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy/ethnology , Parturition/ethnology , Pregnant Women/psychology , African Continental Ancestry Group , Postpartum Period/ethnology , Ethnic Violence , United States/ethnology , Brazil/ethnology , Databases, Bibliographic , Racism/ethnology
11.
Saúde debate ; 46(132): 76-92, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361143

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este artigo é fruto de uma pesquisa de mestrado que se propôs a mapear e analisar as percepções de mulheres que atuam no campo da saúde coletiva brasileira sobre violências de gênero vividas e expressas em seus cotidianos, a partir do recorte de um estudo amplo, intitulado 'Mulheres da Saúde Coletiva: um retrato de quem constrói o campo', desenvolvido pelo movimento de pesquisa-intervenção-luta de mulheres atuantes nesse campo, que formam a 'Coletiva Adelaides: Feminismos e Saúde'. Trata-se de um estudo quanti-qualitativo, do tipo pesquisa-intervenção, que parte do método da cartografia e dos referenciais teóricos das epistemologias feministas negras. Os resultados são apresentados com base na tipificação das violências percebidas pelas mulheres, na sua interface com o processo do trabalho em saúde e na cotidianidade, apontando para a persistência e a gravidade das violências identificadas no cotidiano de mulheres atuantes no campo da saúde coletiva e nas contribuições possíveis para os estudos de gênero, que se dão pelo aprofundamento e pela análise desse cenário a partir da articulação dos conceitos de interseccionalidade e política do empoderamento, bem como pelo delineamento de possibilidades para enfrentamento dessas violências.


ABSTRACT This article is the result of a master's research that aimed to map and analyze the perceptions of women who work in the field of Brazilian public health on gender violence experienced and expressed in their daily lives, through the cut-out of a broad study, entitled 'Women of Collective Health: a portrait of who builds the field', developed by the research-intervention-struggle movement of women active in this field, who form the 'Collective Adelaides: Feminisms and Health'. This is a quanti-qualitative study, intervention-type research, which starts from the mapping method and the theoretical references of black feminist epistemologies. The results are presented based on the typification of violence perceived by women, their interface with the process of work in health and daily life, pointing to the persistence and severity of the violence identified in the daily life of women working in the field of collective health and the possible contributions to gender studies, which are given by the deepening and analysis of this scenario from the articulation of the concepts of intersectionality and empowerment policy, as well as the delineation of possibilities for coping with these violence.

12.
Saúde debate ; 46(132): 63-75, jan.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361151

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Compreendendo a importância do monitoramento da violência contra mulheres, este estudo teve como objetivo analisar o comportamento da curva de crimes violentos, letais e intencionais contra mulheres, no estado do Ceará, nos últimos anos e discutir acerca dos aspectos que envolvem a curva epidemiológica dos crimes letais contra a mulher, principalmente com o início da pandemia de Covid-19. Trata-se de uma pesquisa ecológica, utilizando os dados secundários disponíveis na plataforma da Secretaria de Segurança Pública e Defesa Social do estado do Ceará entre os anos de 2014 a 2020. A coleta foi realizada no mês de janeiro de 2021, os dados foram analisados com auxílio do programa Excel. Constatou-se que a violência contra a mulher no estado do Ceará encontra-se em ascensão e que anos com eventos sanitários atípicos, como a pandemia da Covid-19, tendem a impactar negativamente a vida em sociedade e mais diretamente a vida das mulheres. Torna-se essencial que as autoridades, as instituições, organizações sociais, comunidade acadêmica, profissionais de todos os setores e serviços públicos e privados estejam sensibilizados e empenhados em cobrar a efetivação das políticas de enfrentamento alinhadas a rede de serviços, principalmente no momento de maior vulnerabilidade da pandemia.


ABSTRACT Understanding the importance of monitoring in confront violence against women, this study aimed to analyze the behavior of the curve of violent, lethal and intentional crimes against women in the state of Ceará in recent years and discuss aspects that involve the epidemiological curve of lethal crimes against women, especially with the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic. This is an ecological survey, using the secondary data available on the platform of the Secretariat of Public Security and Social Defense of the state of Ceará between the years 2014 to 2020. The collection was carried out in January 2021, the data were purchased with the aid of the Excel program. It was found that violence against women in the state of Ceará is on the rise and that years with atypical health events, such as the Covid-19 pandemic, tend to have a negative impact on life in society and more directly on women lives. It is essential that authorities, institutions, social associations, the academic community, professionals from all sectors in public and private services are sensitized and committed to demanding the implementation of confrontation policies aligned with the service network, especially at the moment of greatest vulnerability of the pandemic.

13.
Motrivivência (Florianópolis) ; 34(65): {1-20}, 20220316.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361692

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é identificar e analisar concepções e percepções de violência sofridas por professores de Educação Física escolar (EF) e de outras áreas do conhecimento, da cidade de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A pesquisa é de natureza qualitativa. Utilizou-se como instrumento de coleta de dados uma entrevista semiestruturada. Empregou-se a técnica de análise de conteúdo. Três categorias foram identificadas, a saber: 1) Escola como espaço de reprodução de violências; 2) professores e o cotidiano de violências; 3) violências e desvalorização profissional. Há pontos comuns a todos os docentes, bem como específicos da violência percebida sofrida por professores de EF. Estas são relacionadas a: ao espaço de aula; intencionalidade pedagógica ou sua falta; e credibilidade do componente curricular e avaliação.


This study aims to identify and analyze teachers' and Physical Education teachers' conceptions and perceptions of violence, in Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil. This is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research, in which we conducted semi-structured interview as data collection instrument. The analysis was performed using content analysis. Three categories were identified: 1) school as a space thatreproduces violence; 2) teachers and a daily violence context; and 3) violence and teachers' devaluation. Results point to common and specific factors related to perception of violence by teachers and Physical Education teachers, the latter linked to content specificity, spaces and evaluation in Physical Education classes. They are related to classes' spaces; pedagogical intentionality or its absence; and the course's credibility and evaluation.


El objetivo de este estudio es identificar y analizar las concepciones y percepciones de la violencia que sufren los docentes deEducación Física (EF) y docentes de otras áreas del conocimiento en la ciudad de Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil. La investigación es de naturaleza cualitativa. Se utilizó una entrevista semiestructurada como instrumento de recolección de datos. Se utilizó la técnica de análisis de contenido. Se identificaron tres categorías, a saber: 1) La escuela como espacio de reproducción de la violencia; 2) maestros y violencia cotidiana; 3) violencia y desvalorización profesional. Hay puntos comunes a todos los docentes, así como aspectos específicos de la percepción de violencia que sufren los docentes de EF. Estos están relacionados con: el espacio del aula; intencionalidad pedagógica o su falta; y credibilidad del componente curricular y de evaluación

14.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 1039-1048, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364686

ABSTRACT

Resumo A expansão da rede escolar, as mudanças no modelo educacional e os problemas de financiamento mudaram profundamente o trabalho docente no Brasil, intensificando as exigências dirigidas aos profissionais. Problemas de saúde, como o esgotamento profissional, são comuns na categoria. Levantamos a exposição dos professores ao esgotamento profissional e analisamos sua potencial associação aos elementos do contexto ocupacional, inclusive a violência. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas em profundidade, com uso de dois instrumentos específicos (MBI e CESQT) e analisados estatisticamente com o Programa Stata, v.13.0. Participaram 93 professores da rede pública municipal de São Paulo com indicação de psicoterapia, das diversas regiões da cidade. O esgotamento foi associado ao sofrimento de agressão na escola (p<0,001), ao incômodo nos contatos interpessoais no trabalho (p<0,001) e ao ruído (p<0,001), entre outras 11 variáveis do contexto escolar. Entre os que apresentaram esgotamento grave, 60% haviam sofrido agressão na escola no último ano. Questões coletivas e ocupacionais se associaram ao esgotamento profissional entre os participantes. Entre elas, os conflitos interpessoais e o fenômeno da violência, que surge como elemento novo e frequente, impactam a saúde dos profissionais.


Abstract School expansion, changes in the educational model and funding problems have profoundly changed teaching in Brazil, intensifying demands on teachers. Health problems such as burnout are common in the profession. We investigated teacher burnout and its association with occupational factors, including violence. Data were collected using in-depth interviews and two specific instruments (the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Spanish Burnout Inventory). Statistical analysis was performed using Stata, version 13.0. Ninety-three teachers referred to psychotherapy from public schools in different regions of the city of São Paulo participated in the study. Burnout was associated with 11 school setting variables, including having suffered violence in the school (p <0.001), discomfort with interpersonal contact at work (p <0.001) and noise (p <0.001). Sixty percent of the teachers with severe burnout had suffered violence at school in the last year. Both collective and occupational issues were associated with teacher burnout. Among these, interpersonal conflict and violence, which appears as a new and common problem, adversely affect the health of these professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , School Teachers , Schools , Violence , Brazil/epidemiology
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 1027-1038, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364695

ABSTRACT

Resumo A violência contra o professor é uma preocupação global e traz impacto negativo para o desenvolvimento da sociedade. Nesse contexto, o estudo objetivou revisar definições de violência contra o professor para desenvolver consenso integrado e modelo conceitual. Foi realizada uma revisão de escopo de literatura para incluir artigos que pudessem responder à pergunta norteadora da pesquisa: "Quais são as definições e as dimensões da violência do aluno contra o professor no ensino?" Nos estudos incluídos na revisão, identificou-se que a violência contra o professor pode ser definida como o conjunto de ações e situações provocadas por estudantes de forma insidiosa ou crônica no local de trabalho e/ou meio digital, mediadas por percepção de violência, mecanismo de enfrentamento do professor e gestão organizacional da violência. O modelo integrado de violência contra o professor compreende antecedentes conceituais, como a experiência anterior com violência contra o docente, definição cultural de violência e percepção de vitimização. A violência propriamente dita contra o professor é um construto multidimensional que resulta da interação com o estudante nos contextos organizacional e social. As consequências da violência contra o professor incluem danos psicológicos, emocionais, biológicos, profissionais e sociais.


Abstract Violence against teachers is a global concern and has a negative impact on the development of society. In this context, this study aimed to review definitions of violence against teachers to develop an integrated consensus and conceptual model. A scoping review of the literature was carried out to include articles that could answer the guiding question of the study: "What are the definitions and dimensions of student violence against teachers in teaching?" The studies included in the review, it was identified that violence against the teacher can be defined as a set of actions and situations caused by students in an insidious or chronic way in the workplace and/or through digital medium, mediated by the perception of violence, the copping mechanism of the teacher and the organizational management of the violence. The integrated model of violence against teachers comprises conceptual antecedents, such as previous experience with violence against the teacher, the cultural definition of violence and the perception of victimization. Violence against teachers is a multidimensional construct that results from the interaction with the student in the organizational and social context. The consequences of violence against the teacher include psychological, emotional, biological, professional and social harm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Faculty , Educational Personnel , Schools , Students/psychology , Violence
16.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 101-107, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357460

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Among healthcare professionals, nursing workers are the most prone to becoming victims of workplace violence and present the highest burnout levels. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between burnout syndrome and workplace violence among nursing workers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study carried out at a teaching hospital in southern Brazil. METHODS: This study involved 242 nursing workers. We collected data over a six-month period using a sociodemographic and occupational survey, the Survey Questionnaire Workplace Violence in the Health Sector and the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey. For occupational violence, we selected the Survey Questionnaire Workplace Violence in the Health Sector. Burnout syndrome was evaluated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey. The data were analyzed in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Categorical variables were described as absolute and relative frequencies and numerical variables in terms of central trend and dispersion measurements. For data analysis, we applied descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: The multiple models indicated that the workers who had experienced verbal abuse, physical violence and concern about workplace violence over the past 12 months had significantly higher chances of presenting high emotional exhaustion (P < 0.05) and depersonalization (P < 0.05) and low professional accomplishment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Occurrence of violence significantly increased the chances of great emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and low professional achievement, within burnout syndrome. Therefore, workplace violence prevention strategies need to be put in place to provide workers with a safe workplace in which to conduct their activities.

17.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 24: 1-15, 18 jan. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353289

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar o papel da equipe de enfermagem na assistência prestada às mulheres em situação de violência em serviços de emergência. Método: revisão integrativa nas bases de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online, Scopus e no Portal da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, sendo selecionados 24 artigos. Resultados: as ações da equipe de enfermagem nos serviços de emergência foram classificadas em: cuidados clínicos às mulheres em situação de violência; identificação da violência contra a mulher durante a triagem; necessidade de treinamento para o enfrentamento da violência; e, o papel da enfermagem forense nas ações voltadas à violência contra a mulher. Conclusões: a equipe de enfermagem é protagonista no enfrentamento da violência nos serviços de emergência, contudo, existem barreiras para a concretização de ações nesse âmbito que podem ser superadas pela elaboração de protocolos e capacitação dos profissionais para o enfrentamento da violência contra a mulher.


Objective: to identify the nursing team role in the care provided to women in situations of violence in emergency services. Method: integrative review in the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Scopus and Virtual Health Library databases, with 24 articles selected. Results: the actions of the nursing staff in emergency services were classified as: clinical care for women in situation of violence; identification of violence against women during screening; need for training to face violence; and the role of forensic nursing in actions aimed at violence against women. Conclusions: the nursing team plays a leading role in coping with violence in emergency services. However, the existing barriers to implement actions in this area can be overcome by developing protocols and training professionals to face violence against women


Subject(s)
Emergency Service, Hospital , Violence Against Women , Forensic Nursing
18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(1): 263-272, jan. 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356053

ABSTRACT

Resumo Gestar e parir na prisão pode aprofundar relações de poder e mecanismos promotores de desigualdades na assistência prestada a mulheres e crianças, com consequências negativas na vida de ambos. O tema suscitou uma pesquisa que objetivou compreender as experiências de gestação e parto de mulheres em situação prisional. Método: estudo qualitativo, sob perspectivas teóricas que abordam interseccionalidades entre raça, gênero e classe social. O estudo foi realizado a partir de entrevistas com mulheres egressas de uma penitenciária no sul do Brasil. As participantes, em sua maioria mulheres negras e periféricas, relatam terem sido submetidas a situações de violência desde a primeira abordagem policial. Quando já privadas de liberdade, foram submetidas a deficitário acesso à saúde, além de violência psicológica e moral. A experiência do parto foi permeada por violência institucional e por sentimentos de solidão e desamparo. O descumprimento de previsões legais, a reprodução da violência nas relações com os agentes de segurança e a sistemática negligência às necessidades sociais e de saúde são efeitos adicionais de opressões de gênero, raça e classe social que afetam as mulheres gestantes e parturientes em situação prisional.


Abstract Pregnancy and childbirth in prison can intensify power relationships and mechanisms that encourage inequality in care provided to women and children, with adverse consequences for the lives of both. This issue gave rise to research to understand women's experiences of pregnancy and childbirth in prison. Method: working from theoretical perspectives that address intersections among race, gender and social class, this qualitative study was conducted by interviewing women who had left a penitentiary in southern Brazil. The participants, mostly young, black women, reported being subjected to situations of violence from the first approach by the police. Once deprived of their freedom, they were subjected to humiliation, deficient access to health, as well as psychological and moral violence. The experience of childbirth was permeated by institutional violence and feelings of loneliness and helplessness. Noncompliance with legal provisions, reproduction of violence in relations with security agents and systematic neglect of social and health needs are additional effects of the gender, race and social class oppressions that affect pregnant women and nursing mothers in prison.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Prisons , Parturition , Delivery, Obstetric , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women
19.
Rev. psicol. (Fortaleza, Online) ; 13(1): 59-71, 01/01/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1357839

ABSTRACT

Esse artigo analisa como a violência urbana é tratada por profissionais de equipes da Estratégia Saúde da Família da cidade de Fortaleza-CE, problematizando os efeitos da intensificação dos homicídios nos cotidianos desses profissionais. O estudo é fruto de um desdobramento de uma pesquisa-inter(in)venção, sob o método da cartografia, que analisou práticas institucionais em torno da problemática dos homicídios infanto-juvenis em territórios de uma periferia da capital cearense. A discussão foi feita a partir de articulações da Psicologia Social com autores e autoras de áreas afins que seguem caminhos semelhantes no trato das juventudes e das expressões da violência. Os dados foram produzidos por observações no cotidiano, conversas no território, grupos de discussões e entrevistas. A seção de resultados e discussão aborda: o desafio de compreender o fenômeno da violência como lócus de ação-reflexão-ação, demandando práticas comunitárias e intersetoriais em torno de uma nova agenda no âmbito das políticas públicas de saúde.


This article analyzes how urban violence is treated by professionals from the Family Health Strategy teams in the city of Fortaleza-CE, problematizing the effects of the intensification of homicides in the daily lives of these professionals. The study is the result of an inter(in)vention-research, using the cartography method, which analyzed institutional practices around the issue of juvenile homicides in territories on the outskirts of the capital of Ceará. The discussion was based on the articulation of Social Psychology with authors from related fields who follow similar paths in dealing with youth and the expressions of violence. Data were produced by observations in daily life, conversations in the territory, discussion groups and interviews. The results and discussion section addresses: the challenge of understanding the phenomenon of violence as a locus of action-reflection-action, demanding community and intersectoral practices around a new agenda in the scope of public health policies.


Subject(s)
Violence , Adolescent , Family Health Strategy , Homicide
20.
Rev. psicol. (Fortaleza, Online) ; 13(1): 139-153, 01/01/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1358000

ABSTRACT

Este artigo propõe contribuir com o debate existente sobre prevenção e estratégias de enfrentamento à violência de gênero contra as mulheres. O estudo buscou pesquisar como essa temática tem sido retratada nas produções acadêmicas brasileiras no campo da Psicologia, visando problematizar de que modo a interseção entre marcadores de raça, gênero e classe é abordada por autores(as) da área, e analisando as repercussões psicossociais da violência nas mulheres. Foi utilizado como método a revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema da violência doméstica em artigos científicos publicados especificamente da base de dados SciELO. Averiguou-se como resultado que o fenômeno da violência necessita de um amplo cuidado, aprimorando o apoio e suporte à mulher e à família acometida pelo contexto da violência, e que há grande necessidade de considerar as discussões e intervenções de modo interseccional. Como conclusão, foi possível compreender através dos estudos avaliados que existem fatores que interferem na produção e manutenção das opressões vivenciadas. Por fim, compreende-se a necessidade de a psicologia dialogar junto a outros campos de atuação, a fim de contribuir na construção de conhecimento a partir de problemas sociais, e de modo a incentivar o desenvolvimento de estudos de caráter preventivo e com estratégias mais efetivas.


This article proposes to contribute for the existing debate on prevention and strategies to avoid gender violence against women. The study sought to research how this theme has been portrayed in Brazilian Academic Productions at the field of psychology, aiming to problematize how the intersection between markers of race, gender and social classes are addressed by author's field, and analyzing the psychosocial repercussions of violence against women. A literature review on the topic of domestic violence in scientific articles published specifically from the SciELO database was used as a method. As a result, it was found that the phenomenon of violence needs ample care, improving support and supporting those women and families affected by the context of violence, and that there is a great need to consider the discussions and interventions in an intersectional way. In conclusion, it was possible to understand through the evaluated studies that there are factors that interfere in the production and maintenance of the experienced oppression. As conclusion it is understood the need for psychology to dialogue with other fields of action, in order to contribute to the construction of knowledge based on social problems, and in order to encourage the development of preventive studies with more effective strategies.


Subject(s)
Psychology , Violence Against Women , Gender-Based Violence , Intersectionality
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL