Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 997
Filter
1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 85(4): 370-376, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383814

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate the incidence, risk factors, and visual outcomes of epiretinal membrane development following rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 309 eyes that underwent initial surgery for primary uncomplicated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Examinations were conducted preoperatively and then postoperatively at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. The study patients were categorized into two groups depending on the presence or absence of the epiretinal membrane. Results: The incidence of postoperative epiretinal membrane was 28.5%; 42.7% of these patients had severe epiretinal membrane development and therefore underwent the epiretinal membrane removal. Logistic regression analyses revealed that giant retinal tears (OR: 2.66; 95% CI: 1.045-6.792, p=0.040) and horseshoe tears (OR: 0.534; 95% CI: 0.295-0.967, p=0.039) were the significant predictors of postoperative epiretinal membrane. Triamcinolone acetonide staining was significantly associated with the prevention of epiretinal membrane (p=0.022). A total of 34 patients showed a better or an equal final best-corrected visual acuity; of which 4 eyes were evaluated at the final follow-up visit and exhibited a reduced best-corrected visual acuity. Conclusion: Our analysis demonstrated that horseshoe tears and giant retinal tears represent the risk factors for the postoperative epiretinal membrane. Triamcinolone acetonide staining had a significant preventive effect on the postoperative epiretinal membrane. Furthermore, a second round of pars plana vitrectomy, including membrane removal, led to a significant improvement in the final best-corrected visual acuity as per the last follow-up examination, albeit the recovery was limited.


RESUMO Objetivos: Investigar a incidência, fatores de risco e desfechos visuais do desenvolvimento da membrana epirretiniana após reparo do descolamento regmatogênico da retina. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo de 309 olhos submetidos à cirurgia inicial para descolamento regmatogênico da retina primário sem complicações. Os exames foram realizados no pré-operatório aos 1, 3, 6 e 12 meses pós-operatórios. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos, dependendo da presença ou ausência de membrana epirretiniana. Resultados: A incidência de membrana epirretiniana pós-operatória foi de 28,5%; 42,7% desses pacientes apresentaram desenvolvimento grave da membrana epirretiniana e, portanto, foram submetidos à remoção desta membrana. A regressão logística mostrou que as lágrimas retinianas gigantes (RC: 2,66; 95% IC: 1,045 - 6,792, p=0,040) e lágrimas em ferradura (RC: 0,534; 95% IC: 0,295-0,967, p=0,039), foram preditores significativos de membrana epirretiniana pós-operatória. A coloração com acetonida de triancinolona foi significativamente associada à prevenção da membrana epirretiniana (p=0,022). Trinta e quatro pacientes apresentaram acuidade visual melhorada, ou igual, ou acuidade visual final melhor corrigida; 4 olhos foram avaliados na consulta final de acompanhamento e apresentaram redução da acuidade visual melhor corrigida. Conclusão: Nossa análise demonstra que as lágrimas de ferradura e as lágrimas retinianas gigantes representam fatores de risco para a membrana epirretiniana pós-operatória. A coloração com acetonida de triancinolona teve um efeito preventivo significativo na membrana epirretiniana no pós-operatório. Além disso, uma segunda rodada de vitrectomia pars plana, incluindo remoção da membrana, levou a uma melhora significativa da acuidade visual final melhor corrigida na última consulta de acompanhamento, embora a recuperação tenha sido limitada.

2.
Medwave ; 22(7): 002571, 30-08-2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392555

ABSTRACT

Purpose In non-drainage scleral buckling, anterior chamber paracentesis is usually carried out to decrease intraocular pressure. When the buckling is extensive however, this technique may be inefficient and time consuming. In this study, we tried to determine if a mini 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy could be used as an efficient and safe alternative procedure to anterior chamber paracentesis for adjusting intraocular pressure during a non-drainage scleral buckling. Methods In this case series, 44 patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (proliferative vitreoretinopathy stage < C) were included. In all cases, a mini 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy was performed before buckle fixation and repeated if necessary. Complete retinal attachment was defined as the anatomical success. Results Forty-four eyes of 44 patients with mean age of 48.1 ± 18.2 years were included. Silicon buckle nº 276, sponge 505, and sponge 507 were utilized for 7, 34, and 3 eyes, respectively. Intravitreal injection of SF6 gas was performed for 54.5% of the eyes. Mean total time of the operation was 61 ± 16 min and the mean time for vitrectomy was 87 ± 31 s. Complete retinal attachment in 37 and incomplete attachment in 4 eyes were achieved after single operation that was a success rate of 93.2%. One had more than usual vitreous leak at the site of scleretomy and one developed a tiny vitreous hemorrhage at the sclerotomy site. Three sclerotomy sites needed suturing. Conclusion The anatomical outcome and the safety observed in this study were comparable to the current methods reported in the literature. Therefore, if anterior chamber paracentesis fails to adjust intraocular pressure during a non-drainage scleral buckling, performing a small gauge mini vitrectomy is safe and helpful.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 112-114, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906743

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate efficacy, safety and complications of 25G vitrectomy, phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixated intraocular lens(IOL)implantation for treatment of lens luxation.<p>METHODS: Totally 20 patients(20 eyes)with complete lens luxation and the hardness of lens nucleus was grade 3 or above who underwent 25G vitrectomy, phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixated IOL implantation between May 2018 and December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The uncorrected visual acuity, best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, the count of corneal endothelium cell, central corneal thickness and complications were observed. <p>RESULTS: The uncorrected visual acuity and best corrected visual acuity after operation were improved than those before treatment(<i>P</i><0.05). The number of corneal endothelial cells in the central part of cornea after operation was lower than that before operation(<i>P</i> >0.05). There was no significant difference in central corneal thickness 2wk after operation compared with that before operation(<i>P</i> >0.05). There were 3 cases of low intraocular pressure and 2 cases of high intraocular pressure, but they all returned to normal at the end of follow-up. The IOL were all centered and there were no obvious eccentricity and inclination. No other complications such as vitreous hemorrhage and retinal detachment occurred.<p>CONCLUSION: 25G vitrectomy, phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixated IOL implantation is a fast, safe and simple method for the treatment of complete lens luxation.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1473-1477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940006

ABSTRACT

Ocular venous air embolism(OVAE)is a rare and fatal complication in vitrectomy. Due to the proximity of the surgical site to the heart and its level above the heart, OVAE may be the most severe complication in the venous air embolism(VAE)caused by surgery. With the development of vitrectomy, perfusion cannulas in the suture-free state may slide outward, and the perfused gas can enter the suprachoroidal space, which results in tearing of the vortex veins. Choroidal vascular wounds resulting from trauma and endoresection of choroidal melanoma can expose directly in the perfused gas during vitreous cavity gas-liquid exchange. This makes it possible that the pressurized gas enters the circulatory system through the torn vortex veins or the anomalous choroidal venous openings, which leads to OVAE. Nowadays, the definition, pathogenesis, clinical presentation and prevention of OVAE are being refined. However, most vitreoretinal surgeons and anesthesiologists are still unaware of this iatrogenic complication. It will be helpful to detect this complication early and make emergency management in time by increasing the awareness of OVAE and develop effective prevention strategies. The prevention and control principles of OVAE can be continuously optimized by the combination of clinical and laboratory studies. It will be conducive to the establishment and improvement of emergency treatment and preventive measures of OVAE to fully understand the pathogenesis and clinical characteristics of OVAE, to pay attention to the characteristics of secondary lesions of OVAE, and to attach importance to multi-disciplinary cooperation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939474

ABSTRACT

Rationale: Endophthalmitis is an uncommon but serious ocular infection often resulting in probable visual loss. Bacteroides fragilis is a rare cause of endophthalmitis. Patient concerns: A 46-year-old male patient complained of eye pain and low vision after pars plana vitrectomy. Diagnosis: Bacteroides fragilis endophthalmitis after pars plana vitrectomy was diagnosed. Interventions: Pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil implantation were performed. Outcomes: Early treatment and choice of tamponade in endophthalmitis after pars plana vitrectomy may possibly prevent evisceration and progression of endophthalmitis. Lessons: Bacteroides fragilis can be seen in cases of endophthalmitis after pars plana vitrectomy.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1381-1384, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935018

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the macular microstructural changes in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment(RRD)after silicone oil tamponade by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography(SD-OCT).METHODS:From November 2019 to July 2021, 27 patients with 27 eyes in RRD who underwent vitrectomy combined with silicone oil tamponade in Cangzhou Aier Eye Hospital were enrolled in this study as the observation group, other 30 healthy volunteers with 30 eyes were included in the control group. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)of patients before and after operation were observed, and quantified evaluation of the postoperative macular microstructural changes were performed by SD-OCT.RESULTS: The BCVA(LogMAR)of the observation group at 1wk and 3mo after operation(0.61±0.23, 0.69±0.34)were improved compared with those before operation(1.43±0.77)(all P<0.01). The cube volume and average cube thickness in the macular area at 3mo after operation in the observation group were lower than those at 1wk and 1mo after operation in the control group(all P<0.05). There were no differences in the average ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer(GCIPL)thickness, minimum GCIPL thickness, average macular retinal nerve fiber layer(mRNFL)thickness and minimum mRNFL thickness at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after operation in the observation group, but all decreased compared with the control group(all P<0.01). There were 9 eyes with subretinal fluid(SRF)in the observation group during postoperative follow-up, SRF had a tendency to be gradually absorbed, but 1 eye had a secondary macular hole; 3 eyes had ellipsoid zone disruption, which had a tendency to be gradually repaired; 2 eyes had submacular perfluorocarbon liquid; 2 eyes had macular edema.CONCLUSION: SD-OCT can show the microstructure and morphological changes very well in macular area in patients with RRD after silicone oil tamponade, and has important clinical value for the preoperative and postoperative follow-up evaluation of RRD.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1352-1356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935011

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the changes and influencing factors of macular retinal blood flow density in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR)after vitrectomy, and establish a predictive model.METHODS: The clinical data of 173 patients with 173 eyes in PDR who underwent vitrectomy in our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the changes of macular retinal blood flow density after operation, the patients were divided into normal group(118 cases with 118 eyes)and descending group(55 cases with 55 eyes). The general data, preoperative laboratory examination index and intraoperative condition of the two groups were compared. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the factors affecting the changes of retinal blood flow density in macular area after operation. Construct the line chart prediction model and evaluate its prediction efficiency.RESULTS: The course of diabetes, proportion of patients with complicated maculopathy, serum TC, TG, LDL-C, HbA1c, vascular occlusion and hyperplastic retinal traction in the decreasing group were significantly higher than those in the normal group, while HDL-C was significantly lower than that in the normal group(P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that course of diabetes > 17a(OR=4.526), complicated maculopathy(OR=4.983), HbA1c > 6.25%(OR=4.283), vascular occlusion(OR=5.216)and hyperplastic retinal traction(OR=4.765)were all risk factors of the decrease of macular retinal blood flow density after operation(P<0.05). The line chart prediction model has good differentiation and accuracy, and has high prediction value. CONCLUSION: Course of diabetes, complicated maculopathy, HbA1c, vascular occlusion and proliferative retinal traction are all related to the decrease of macular retinal blood flow density after vitrectomy with PDR. Understanding the risk factors is beneficial to surgical decision-making.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934319

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical features and prognosis of eyes with corneal suture-related infective endophthalmitis.Methods:A retrospective interventional case series. From January 2020 to December 2021, 5 patients (5 eyes) with corneal suture-related infectious endophthalmitis diagnosed by ophthalmic examination at Department of Ophthalmology of the Eye-ENT Hospital of Fudan University were included in the study. Among them, there were 3 males and 2 females; all had unilateral disease; the mean age was 30.80±21.98 years. Sutures of 4 cases were secondary to lens related surgery and of 1 case was secondary to penetrating keratoplasty. Average retention time of corneal suture was 20.00±7.41 months. Of the 5 eyes, corneal sutures were removed in 1 eye due to redness and eye pain in another hospital; 3 eyes were loosened of the sutures in the remaining 4 eyes. The patients were given standard treatment for infectious endophthalmitis, including systemic and local anti-infective therapy; corneal suture removal, intraocular injection, and vitrectomy (PPV). In PPV, it was decided whether to give silicone oil filling according to the situation. The follow-up time after treatment was 11.00±7.38 months. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), B-mode ultrasound and microbial culture results of the affected eye before and after surgery were observed and analyzed.Results:Infiltrates, ulcers, or abscesses surrounding the suture may be seen on the cornea of the affected eye. B-mode ultrasonography showed vitreous opacity, preretinal cords, and spherical wall edema in the entire segment of the affected eye. The results of vitreous humor culture were positive in 3 eyes, which were Streptococcus viridis, Staphylococcus hominis subspecies, Staphylococcus epidermidis. After treatment, all the intraocular infections in the affected eyes were successfully controlled, and there were no cases of enucleation of ocular contents or enucleation. Before treatment, the BCVA of the affected eye was from no light perception to counting fingers; after treatment, 2 eyes had BCVA> 0.3.Conclusions:Infiltration, ulcers or abscesses around the sutures can be seen in the cornea of corneal suture-related infective endophthalmitis patients, which are related to the long-term retention of the sutures in the eye. Most of the affected eyes have loose sutures when they go to the doctor; timely treatment can effectively control the infection, and some eyes have good visual prognosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934312

ABSTRACT

Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), the most common type of retinal detachment, is the separation of neurosensory retina from the underlying retinal pigment epithelium. The key to surgical treatment of RRD is to find and seal all retinal breaks while the major surgical procedures include scleral buckle (SB), pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), and a combination of the two (PPV/SB). Different surgical methods have their own advantages and limitations. SB plays a very important role in certain types of RRD, providing a high rate of anatomical reduction and a good prognosis of visual function. Combined PPV is also an important auxiliary means for the treatment of complicated RRD. The rapid development of vitreoretinal surgery has greatly contributed to the trend of RRD surgery from extraocular to intraocular. However, it is worth noting that personalized RRD surgical methods are needed to be provided for different patients in order to minimize the occurrence of complications.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the functional and anatomical outcomes of autologous single retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) transplantation for severe obsolete submacular hemorrhage (SMH) in late age-related macular degeneration (AMD).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From January 2012 to December 2015, 11 patients with AMD (11 eyes) with obsolete SMH who were diagnosed and treated by pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with autologous RPE transplantation at the Department of Ophthalmology, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were included. Among them, there were 9 eyes in 9 males and 2 eyes in 2 females. All the eyes underwent the examinations of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography; 4 eyes underwent macular fixation function (MAIA) at the same time. The BCVA examination was carried out using the international standard visual acuity chart, which was converted into logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity during statistics. All eyes were treated with PPV combined with autologous single-layer RPE transplantation or autologous RPE-choroidal full-thickness transplantation, and were divided into S group and C group, with 5 and 6 eyes respectively. The differences of age ( t=-0.363), gender composition ratio ( χ2=0.549), course and thickness of SMH ( t=0.118, 0.231), average times of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor drug treatments ( t=0.129), times of PPV ( t=-0.452) between the two groups were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The follow-up period was 6-40 months after the operation, and the BCVA, MAIA, graft status and complications of the eyes after the operation were observed. The comparison of continuous variables between groups was performed by independent-sample t test; the comparison of categorical variables was performed by χ2 test. Results:At the last follow-up, the average logMAR BCVA of the eyes in group S and C were 1.62±0.34 and 1.03±0.20, respectively; group C was better than group S, however, the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.532, P=0.160). There were 4 eyes (80%, 4/5) and 6 eyes (100%, 6/6) in S group and C group with BCVA better than preoperative, the difference was no statistical significance ( χ2=0.677, P=0.895). There were 2 (40%, 2/5) and 3 (50%, 3/6) eyes with logMAR BCVA better than 1.0 in S group and C group, and the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2=0.572, P=0.423). After the operation, 6 eyes of grafts were in good condition and 5 eyes were in poor condition; the BCVA of grafts in good condition was significantly higher than that of poor condition, the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.894, P=0.001). Among the 4 eyes that underwent MAIA examination, 2 eyes were unstable and diffusely fixed on the graft; the fixation point was located at the normal retina adjacent to the graft area in 2 eyes. Secondary subretinal hemorrhage occurred in 3 eyes after the operation; the intraocular pressure was high in 1 eye after the operation. During the follow-up period, no intraocular infection, secondary retinal detachment, recurrent choroidal neovascularization or low intraocular pressure occurred in all eyes. Conclusions:Both autologous single-layer RPE transplantation and autologous RPE-choroidal full-thickness transplantation can help stabilize or even improve the visual function of eyes with severe SMH secondary to advanced AMD. The visual acuity after surgery is closely related to the state of the graft.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and explore the feasibility and effectiveness of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane packing and air filling in the treatment of refractory macular holes.Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From January 2019 to January 2020, 17 patients with refractory macular hole (17 eyes) who diagnosed in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were included in the study. Among them, there were 7 males (7 eyes) and 10 females (10 eyes), with the age of 55.18±7.91 years. All eyes underwent 23G minimally invasive vitrectomy combined with internal limiting membrane stripping and PRF packing, and air filling was performed at the end of the operation. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography angiography were performed in all eyes before surgery and at 1 week and 1, 3 months after surgery. The BCVA examination was performed using a international standard logarithmic visual acuity chart, which was converted into logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity during statistics. Taking 3 months after surgery was as the time point to judge the efficacy, the changes of BCVA, superficial retinal vascular density (SVD), foveal avascular zone (FAZ) area and central foveal thickness (CFT) before and after surgery were compared. Paired t-test was used to compare the indicators before and after surgery. Results:Among the 17 eyes, there were 6, 7, and 4 eyes with giant macular hole, high myopia macular hole, and recurrent macular hole, respectively; the hole diameter was 723.94±38.30 μm. Three months after surgery, all holes were closed. Compared with before surgery, the BCVA ( t=4.458) and SVD ( t=2.675) increased, and the CFT ( t=6.329) and FAZ area ( t=4.258) decreased at 3 months after surgery, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, there was no complications such as intraocular hypertension and retinal detachment in all eyes. Conclusion:Minimally invasive vitrectomy combined with internal limiting membrane stripping and PRF tamponade in the treatment of refractory macular holes can increase the closure rate, improve visual acuity and retinal blood perfusion.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane tamponade combined with air filling for giant macular hole (MH).Methods:A prospective case-control study. From January 2019 to February 2021, 56 patients (56 eyes) diagnosed with giant MH from Eye Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University were enrolled. Among them, there were 17 males with 17 eyes and 39 females with 39 eyes. The average age of the patients was 64.23±9.30 years old. The average MH minimum diameter was 827.36±83.16 μm. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) examination were performed before surgery. The Chinese version of 25-item National Eye Institute visual functioning questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) was used to investigate patient's visual-related quality of life. There were 28 eyes of 28 cases receiving PRF membrane covering, as PRF group, another 28 eyes of 28 cases receiving inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) insertion into giant MH, as ILM group. The differences of the age ( t=-1.588), sex ratio ( χ2=0.760), BCVA ( Z=-0.400), macular hole minimum diameter ( t=-0.604), choriocapillary blood flow area (CBFA) ( t=1.331) and NEI VFQ-25 score ( t=0.921) were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). All eyes underwent 23G minimally invasive vitrectomy. In the PRF group, PRF membrane was used to fill the hole, and in the ILM group, the hole was filled with ILM inversion, and filled with sterile air after full gas-liquid exchange. The follow-up time after surgery was ≥6 months. The same equipment and methods as before surgery were used to conduct related examinations, and the changes of BCVA, the shape of hole closure, CBFA and the improvement of vision-related quality of life were compared between the two groups. For comparison between groups, independent samples t-test was used for data with normal distribution, and Mann-Whitney U test was used for data with non-normal distribution. For intra-group comparisons, paired-samples t-test was used for data with normal distribution, and Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for non-normally distributed data. Results:Six months after surgery, in the eyes of PRF group and ILM group, the hole of 27 (96.4%, 27/28) and 26 (92.6%, 26/28) eyes were closed; the median BCVA was 0.70 and 0.70, respectively; CBFA were 1.99±0.20 and 1.91±0.18 mm 2; NEI VFQ-25 scores were 81.36±12.39 and 78.39±10.12, respectively. Compared with before surgery, the BCVA ( Z=-4.636,-4.550) and CBFA ( t=-27.115,-31.135) of the affected eyes in the PRF group and ILM group were significantly improved after surgery, and the NEI VFQ-25 scores ( t=-15.557, -10.675) was significantly increased, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in BCVA ( Z=-0.167), CBFA ( t=1.554), and NEI VFQ-25 scores ( t=0.980) between the two groups after interocular surgery ( P=0.726, 0.126, 0.331). Conclusion:PRF membrane insertion with air filling has the same efficacy as ILM insertion in the treatment of giant MH, which can improve the closure rate of MH, patients' vision and vision-related quality of life, and increase choroidal blood perfusion.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and observe the curative effect of different body positions after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with inert gas filling for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From October 2019 to September 2021, 192 eyes of 192 RRD patients who were diagnosed and received PPV combined with inert gas filling in Qingdao Eye Hospital of Shandong First Medical University were included in the study. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure, ultra-wide-angle fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, and B-mode ultrasonography were performed in all affected eyes. The BCVA examination was performed using a standard logarithmic visual acuity chart, which was converted into logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity during statistics. According to the post-operative position requirements, the affected eyes were divided into the face-down positioning group and the adjustable positioning group, with 97 eyes in 97 patients and 95 eyes in 95 patients, respectively. Age ( Z=0.804), course of disease ( Z=-0.490), eye type ( χ2=0.175), logMAR BCVA( Z=-0.895), intraocular pressure ( Z=0.178), lens status ( χ2=1.090), number of detached clocks ( Z=0.301) and macular involvement ( χ2=0.219), number of holes ( Z=-1.051) and number of lower holes ( χ2=0.619) were compared, there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). The gender composition ratio was compared, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.341, P<0.05). The follow-up time after surgery was more than 3 months. The retinal reattachment rate in one operation, the improvement of BCVA and the incidence of complications were observed. The independent sample Mann-Whitney test was used for the comparison of continuous variables between groups; the χ2 test was used for the comparison of categorical variables. Results:In the face-down positioning group and the adjustable positioning group, retinal reattachment in one operation was performed in 92 (94.8%, 92/97) and 89 (93.7%, 89/95) eyes, respectively; logMAR BCVA was 0.45±0.34, 0.41±0.21. There was no significant difference in the retinal reattachment rate in one operation ( χ2=0.120, P=0.729) and logMAR BCVA ( Z=-0.815, P=0.416) between the two groups. After surgery, the intraocular pressure increased in 11 (11.3%, 11/97) and 5 (5.3%, 5/95) eyes in the face-down positioning group and the adjustable positioning group, respectively; the secondary epimacular membrane was 2 (2.1%, 2/97), 3 (3.2%, 3/95) eyes. There was no significant difference in the incidence of elevated intraocular pressure and secondary epimacular membrane between the two groups after surgery ( χ2=2.320, 0.227; P=0.128, 0.634). Conclusion:It is safe and effective to adopt adjustable positioning after PPV combined with inert gas filling for RRD, which is equivalent to the effect of face-down positioning.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of macular visual function after myopic foveoschisis (MF) and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with internal limiting membrane peeling and air filling.Methods:A single-center, retrospective study. From October 2018 to October 2019, 29 MF inpatients (32 eyes) in Tianjin Eye Hospital were included in this study. There were 3 males (4 eyes) and 26 females (28 eyes). The age was 63.00±3.45 years old. Equivalent spherical lens degree was -14.16±2.54 D, and axial length was 29.14±1.04 mm. Among them, 3 patients (3 eyes) had lamellar macular holes. All eyes underwent standard pars plana three-channel 25G PPV combined with internal limiting membrane peeling and air filling. Before surgery and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, macular microperimetry was performed with a macular integrity assessment instrument, and the mean retinal sensitivitie (MS) within 10° of the macula, fovea 2° and 4° fixation rates (P1, P2), 63% and 95% bivariate contour ellipse area (BCEA) were recorded. The comparison of MS, P1, P2, 63%BCEA and 95%BCEA at different times before and after surgery was performed by paired t test; the comparison of fixation stability rate was performed by χ 2 test. Results:Compared with before surgery, there were significant differences in the improvement of MS in affected eyes at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery ( t=-2.208, -3.435,-4.919; P=0.038, 0.002, 0.000). In the pairwise comparison at different times after surgery, only 6 months after surgery and 1 month after surgery were significantly different ( P=0.036). Compared with the preoperative P1, P2, 63%BCEA and 95%BCEA, the P1 and P2 of the eyes gradually increased after surgery, while the 63%BCEA and 95%BCEA gradually decreased, however, the difference was not statistically significant (P1: t=-1.595,-1.698,-1.966; P=0.125, 0.104, 0.062. P2: t=-1.622,-1.654,-1.707; P=0.119, 0.112, 0.102. 63%BCEA: t=1.410, 1.409, 1.553; P=0.172, 0.173, 0.135. 95%BCEA: t=1.412, 1.408, 1.564; P=0.172, 0.173, 0.132). Six months after surgery, all the eyes underwent anatomical repositioning of the macular area, and no serious complications such as full-thickness macular hole and macular hole retinal detachment were found. Conclusions:PPV with internal limiting membrane peeling and air filling is an effective and safe method for MF, and the macular function improved significantly within 6 months postoperatively.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934291

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe and analyze the clinical characteristics of children who died of intraocular retinoblastoma (RB).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. Fourteen children (23 eyes) with intraocular RB who died after receiving treatment in Beijing Children's Hospital from 2009 to 2017 were included in the study. Among the children, there were 7 males (10 eyes) and 7 females (13 eyes); 5 had unilateral and 9 had bilateral tumor. Age were 17.2±15.5 months. All children underwent RetCam examination. RB was staged according to the international intraocular RB classify. Among the 23 eyes, 1 eye was in stage B, 2 eyes were in stage C, 12 eyes in stage D, and 8 eyes in stage E. Treatment methods included a systemic (vincristine, etoposide and carboplatin) chemotherapy (VEC chemotherapy), enucleation surgery, and vitrectomy. The basic conditions including age, time of diagnosis, pathological diagnosis, treatment and main causes of death were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Among the 14 cases, the first symptom was leukemia in 12 cases, red eye in 1 case, and squintin in 1 case. Systemic VEC chemotherapy was used for 1-6 courses of treatment; 5 cases were enucleated, 3 cases underwent histopathological examination; 3 cases were treated with vitrectomy. Among the 3 cases who underwent histopathological examination, the sclera and optic nerve, optic nerve and optic disc were invasted respectively. Seven patients died of tumor metastasis and/or intracranial lesions (50.0%, 7/14); the median survival time was 19 months. Four patients died of treatment (28.6%, 4/14), including 3 patients died of chemotherapy-related side effects, and 1 died of organ failure after enucleation surgery (7.1%); the median survival time was 3.5 months. Early abandonment of treatment died in 3 cases (21.4%, 3/14); the median survival time was 15 months.Conclusion:Intracranial metastasis is the main cause of death in children with intraocular RB.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934287

ABSTRACT

Persistent fetal vasculature syndrome (PFVS) is a rare congenital vitreous dysplasia, which is classified as anterior, posterior and combined types according to the location of the vascular abnormalities. The clinical manifestations of PFVS are diverse, and early surgical intervention is very important. The main objective of surgical treatment is to remove the anterior and posterior traction between fibrovascular membranes and retina as well as lens, and to reconstruct clear visual axis. Surgical treatments include pupilloplasty, lensectomy with or without intraocular lens implantation and vitrectomy via limbal or scleral approach. For new technologies, the applications of ophthalmic viscosurgical device and femtosecond lasers have desirable results . In addition to focusing on improving the success rate of surgery, it is also necessary to systematically and comprehensively assess the overall preoperative condition and postoperative visual function of the patients. PFVS eyes have limited improvement in postoperative vision, which is related to the extent of lesion involvement and the occurrence of complications. Eyes with macular dysplasia and tractional retinal detachment, as well as elongated ciliary process, have a poor prognosis of vision after surgery. How to improve postoperative vision in the eye affecting the posterior segment of the eye with PFVS from the microscopic anatomical relationship between the fibrous vascular pedicle and the retina is worth further study. On the other hand, reducing surgical trauma and optimizing surgical procedures in order to improve postoperative visual acuity and reduce postoperative complications are also the key research directions of future PFVS treatments.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of macular morphology and blood flow after minimally invasive vitrectomy (PPV) in patients with severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (sNPDR).Methods:A prospective clinical study. From January 2020 to April 2021, 17 consecutive sNPDR patients with 17 eyes who were diagnosed and received PPV treatment at the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University were included in the study. There were 12 males with 12 eyes and 5 females with 5 eyes; the average age was 55 years old; the average duration of diabetes was 11 years; the average glycosylated hemoglobin was 7.9%. Before the operation and 1, 3, and 6 months after the operation, all the affected eyes underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), standard 7-field fundus color photography, and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). An OCTA instrument was used to scan the macular area of the affected eye with in the range of 3 mm×3 mm to measure the central subfoveal thickness (CST), the thickness of the ganglion cell complex (GCC) in the macular area, the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), and the superficial capillary plexus (SCP) vessel density and perfusion density in the macular area, macular avascular zone (FAZ) area, a-circularity index (AI). Before the operation and 6 months after the operation, the least significant difference test was used for the pairwise comparison.Results:Before the operation, 1, 3, and 6 months after the operation, the FAZ area of the macular area were 0.34±0.14, 0.35±0.10, 0.37±0.10, 0.36±0.13 mm 2, respectively; AI were 0.52±0.13, 0.54±0.11, 0.57±0.10, 0.60±0.11; CST was 282.6±66.7, 290.4±70.9, 287.2±67.5, 273.2± 49.6 μm; GCC thickness were 77.1±15.5, 74.3±13.9, 72.6±16.2, 78.5±18.3 μm; the thickness of RNFL was 97.9±13.8, 101.3±14.6, 97.7±12.0, 96.1±11.4 μm, respectively. The overall blood flow density of SCP in the macula were (16.79±1.43)%, (16.71±1.82)%, (17.30±2.25)%, (17.35±1.22)%; the overall perfusion density were 0.32±0.02, 0.32±0.03, 0.33±0.03, 0.33±0.02, respectively. After the operation, the CST increased first and then decreased; the thickness of RNFL increased 1 month after the operation, and then gradually decreased. Comparison of the parameters before and 6 months after the operation showed that the AI improved, and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.049); the difference in FAZ area and the thickness of CST, GCC, and RNFL was not statistically significant ( P=0.600, 0.694, 0.802, 0.712); There was no statistically significant difference in the retina SCP blood flow density and perfusion density in the macular area ( P=0.347, 0.361). Conclusion:Compared with before surgery, there is no significant change in macular structure and blood flow density in sNPDR patients within 6 months after minimally invasive PPV.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934265

ABSTRACT

Vitrectomy is the preferred surgical method for diabetic retinopathy, especially in the stage of proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Vitrectomy for diabetic retinopathy involves all aspects of vitrectomy, which is one of the signs of maturity of retinal surgeons. With the application of minimally invasive vitrectomy and perioperative anti-neovascularization drugs, indications and timing of surgery, perioperative medication, management of vitreous, and whether combined with cataract surgery have changed greatly, and new understanding is needed. Evidence-based clinical research on the timing of diabetic retinopathy surgery and perioperative drug use should be carried out to provide a new theoretical basis for the surgical treatment of diabetic retinopathy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934178

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of limited pars plana vitrectomy(LPPV), pressure-controlled phacoemulsification(PCP), intraocular lens implantation(IOL), and posterior capsulotomy (PC) in treatment of nanophthalmic glaucoma eyes which intraocular pressure(IOP) were still out of control after peripheral iridectomy.Methods:All 24 patients(29 eyes) with nanophthalmic glaucoma whose IOP failed to be reduced after peripheral iridectomy and needed LPPV plus PCP plus IOL plus PC were recruited from July 2017 to April 2021. The age of these patients was(44.6±11.0) years old. Preoperative and postoperative IOP, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), anterior chamber depth(ACD) and number of glaucoma medications were recorded by chart review and compared by using paired t-test or Wilcoxon signed rank-sum test. P<0.05 was considered as statistical significant. IOP could be controlled in normal range(≥5 mmHg and≤21 mmHg), without both of disease progression and serious complications were regarded as the success criteria of the operation. Surgical success rate was evaluated. Surgery-associated complications were recorded. Results:The average follow-up time was(11.52±12.44) months. After the microsurgery, IOP decreased from(33.12±9.25) mmHg to(14.23±3.44) mmHg( P<0.01); The ACD increased from(1.23±0.46) mm to(2.86±0.62) mm, and the median number of glaucoma medications dropped from 3(3,4) to 3(0,3) at final follow-up visit( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in BCVA( P=0.196) and the degrees of angle closure(AC) ( P=0.478) before and after operation. The total surgical success rate was 86.2%(25/29) at the final follow-up visit. Two eyes suffered from local choroidal detachment which recovered within 2 weeks with medical treatment. Conclusion:LPPV plus PCP plus IOL plus PC is a safe and effective novel surgical procedure in the treatment of nanophthalmic glaucoma patients with uncontrolled IOP after peripheral iridectomy. It could significantly decrease IOP, increase the depth of ACD, reduce the number of glaucoma medications and maintain BCVA. It can be considered as a first choice for the surgical management for patients with a such condition.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 19-23, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932018

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the treatment effect of 25-gauge pars plana vitretomy with the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap and autologous serum coverage in high myopia macular hole (HMMH) eyes.Methods:17 patients (17 eyes) with HMMH were selected from the Affiliated Hospital of Chinese Medicine Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from June 2019 to March 2020. The minimum diameter of macular hole in all patients was ≤500 μm. They were diveded into group A (10 eyes) and group B (7 eyes) according to the random number table method. The group A underwent 25-gauge pars plana vitretomy + inverted ILM falp technique + autologous serum coverage; The group B (5 eyes) underwent 25-gauge pars plana vitretomy with ILM peeling technique. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before and after surgey and the macualr hole closure rates were observed.Results:There was no significant difference in BCVA between the two groups before operation and at 6 months after operation ( P>0.05); The postoperative macular hole closure rate was 8/10 in group A and 4/7 in group B. There was no significant difference in macular hole closure rate between the two groups ( P>0.05); The BCVA of the two groups at the last follow-up after operation was significantly higher than that before operation ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Vitrectomy combined with inverted ILM falp technique is a safe and effective method in the treatment of high myopia macular hole with diameter ≤500 μm.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL