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1.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 14(1)mar., 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554100

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: After a stroke, most patients often suffer reduced walking ability and balance. Restoring walking ability and improving balance are major goals of stroke rehabilitation. Treadmills are often used in clinical setups to achieve these goals. Adding dimensions to the visual feedback in addition to the mirror for real-time frontal view is proven to enhance the gait. It is, therefore, important to design additional real-time visual feedback in treadmill training, in particular for the sagittal view involved side. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test if the real-time sagittal visual feedback during treadmill training is superior to the conventional mirror feedback treadmill training program of equivalent intensity in improving walking speed and balance after stroke. METHODS/DESIGN: The RE-VISIT trial (Real-time Visual feedback after Stroke in Treadmill training) is registered in the Clinical Trial Registry of India (CTRI/2023/10/058299). In this two-arm randomized control trial, which will be a single-blinded study, 42 eligible stroke survivors undergoing rehabilitation will be randomly allocated (1:1 ratio) to either real-time visual sagittal feedback along with front mirror (experimental) group or only front mirror treadmill training (control) group, all the participants will receive 15 sessions of treadmill training for up to 15 min at a safe self-selected speed over 5-6 weeks. The RE-VISIT (experimental) group will receive real-time, visual sagittal view feedback of the involved lower limb trajectory along with the routine front mirror view during treadmill training and will be asked to modify their gait pattern. The control group will receive treadmill walking training only with the routine front mirror view feedback. Clinical and gait assessments will be conducted at the baseline, immediately following the final session of training, and at the 9th week during follow-up. The outcome measures of interest are walking speed (primary) and balance (secondary), which will be measured prior to baseline, post 15 sessions of training, and at the 9th week following training. DISCUSSION: This REVISIT trial will provide insight and contribute to the existing innovation and modifications of incorporating realtime visual feedback during treadmill training in post-stroke gait rehabilitation. The findings will help the better designing of a gait rehabilitation program with a treadmill for post-stroke subjects to improve walking speed, and balance for those who have greater difficulties in community ambulation. We anticipate that those in the REVISIT training will demonstrate improved walking ability.


CONTEXTO: Após o acidente vascular cerebral, a maioria dos pacientes frequentemente sofre redução da capacidade de caminhar e do equilíbrio. Restaurar a capacidade de caminhar e melhorar o equilíbrio são os principais objetivos da reabilitação do AVC. As esteiras são frequentemente usadas em ambientes clínicos para atingir esses objetivos. Está comprovado que adicionar dimensões ao feedback visual, além do espelho para visão frontal em tempo real, melhora a marcha. É, portanto, importante projetar feedbacks visuais adicionais em tempo real no treinamento em esteira, em particular para o lado envolvido na visão sagital. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é testar se o feedback visual sagital em tempo real durante o treinamento em esteira é superior ao programa de treinamento em esteira com feedback de espelho convencional de intensidade equivalente na melhoria da velocidade de caminhada e equilíbrio após acidente vascular cerebral. MÉTODOS/ DESENHO: O ensaio RE-VISIT (feedback visual em tempo real após acidente vascular cerebral no treinamento em esteira) está registrado no Registro de Ensaios Clínicos da Índia (CTRI/2023/10/058299). Neste ensaio de controle randomizado de dois braços, que será um estudo cego, 42 sobreviventes de AVC elegíveis em reabilitação serão alocados aleatoriamente (proporção de 1:1) para feedback sagital visual em tempo real junto com grupo de espelho frontal (experimental) ou apenas Grupo de treinamento em esteira com espelho frontal (controle), todos os participantes receberão 15 sessões de treinamento em esteira por até 15 minutos em uma velocidade segura e autosselecionada durante 5-6 semanas. O grupo RE-VISIT (experimental) receberá feedback visual em tempo real da visão sagital da trajetória dos membros inferiores envolvidos, juntamente com a visão rotineira do espelho frontal durante o treinamento em esteira e será solicitado a modificar seu padrão de marcha. O grupo de controle receberá treinamento de caminhada em esteira apenas com o feedback rotineiro da visão do espelho frontal. Avaliações clínicas e de marcha serão realizadas no início do estudo, imediatamente após a sessão final de treinamento e na 9ª semana durante o acompanhamento. As medidas de resultados de interesse são a velocidade de caminhada (primária) e o equilíbrio (secundário), que serão medidos antes da linha de base, após a 15ª sessão de treinamento e na 9ª semana após o treinamento. DISCUSSÃO: este ensaio REVISIT fornecerá insights e contribuirá para a inovação e modificações existentes na incorporação de feedbacks visuais em tempo real durante o treinamento em esteira na reabilitação da marcha pós-AVC. As descobertas ajudarão no melhor desenho de um programa de reabilitação da marcha com esteira para indivíduos pós-AVC para melhorar a velocidade de caminhada e o equilíbrio para aqueles que têm maiores dificuldades na deambulação comunitária. Prevemos que aqueles no treinamento REVISIT demonstrarão melhor capacidade de caminhada.


Subject(s)
Stroke , Feedback, Sensory , Walking Speed
2.
J. bras. pneumol ; 50(1): e20230230, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534785

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: This study primarily aimed to investigate the clinical determinants of the Modified Incremental Step Test (MIST) in adults with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). A secondary objective was to compare the cardiopulmonary responses after the MIST and Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT), two commonly adopted symptom-limited maximum field tests in chronic respiratory diseases. Methods: Forty-six patients with clinically stable bronchiectasis participated in this cross-sectional study. MIST and ISWT were performed to determine exercise capacity, while disease severity, fatigue, and quality of life were assessed using the Bronchiectasis Severity Index (BSI), the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), respectively. Quadriceps muscle strength was evaluated using a hand-held dynamometer, walking speed with a wireless inertial sensing device, and the level of physical activity (steps/day) with a pedometer. Results: The BSI score, quadriceps muscle strength, daily step count, and the SGRQ total score explained 61.9% of the variance in the MIST (p < 0.001, R2 = 0.67, AR2 = 0.619). The BSI score (r = -0.412, p = 0.004), quadriceps muscle strength (r = 0.574, p = 0.001), daily step count (r = 0.523, p < 0.001), walking speed (r = 0.402, p = 0.006), FSS score (r = -0.551, p < 0.001), and SGRQ total score (r = -0.570, p < 0.001) correlated with the MIST. The patients achieved higher heart rates (HR), HR%, desaturation, dyspnea, and leg fatigue in the MIST compared to the ISWT (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Disease severity, quadriceps muscle strength, physical activity level, and quality of life were determinants of MIST. The advantages of the MIST, including higher cardiopulmonary response than ISWT and greater portability, which facilitates its use in various settings, make MIST the preferred choice for investigating symptom-limited exercise capacity in patients with NCFB.


RESUMO Objetivos: Este estudo teve como objetivo principal investigar os determinantes clínicos do Teste do Degrau Incremental Modificado (TDIM) em adultos com bronquiectasia não fibrocística (BNFC). Um objetivo secundário foi comparar as respostas cardiopulmonares após o TDIM e o Teste Graduado de Caminhada (TGC), dois testes de campo máximos amplamente adotados e limitados por sintomas em doenças respiratórias crônicas. Métodos: Quarenta e seis pacientes com bronquiectasia clinicamente estável participaram deste estudo transversal. O TDIM e TGC foram realizados para determinar a capacidade de exercício, enquanto a gravidade da doença, fadiga e qualidade de vida foram avaliadas usando o Índice de Gravidade da Bronquiectasia (BSI), a Escala de Gravidade da Fadiga (FSS) e o Questionário Respiratório de Saint George (SGRQ), respectivamente. A força muscular do quadríceps foi avaliada usando um dinamômetro manual, a velocidade de caminhada com um dispositivo de sensor inercial sem fio e o nível de atividade física (passos/dia) com um pedômetro. Resultados: O escore BSI, a força muscular do quadríceps, a contagem diária de passos e o escore total do SGRQ explicaram 61,9% da variação no TDIM (p < 0,001, R2 = 0,67, AR2 = 0,619). O escore BSI (r = -0,412, p = 0,004), a força muscular do quadríceps (r = 0,574, p = 0,001), a contagem diária de passos (r = 0,523, p < 0,001), a velocidade de caminhada (r = 0,402, p = 0,006), o escore FSS (r = -0,551, p < 0,001) e o escore total do SGRQ (r = -0,570, p < 0,001) correlacionaram-se com o TDIM. Os pacientes atingiram maiores frequências cardíacas (FC), FC%, dessaturação, dispneia e fadiga nas pernas no TDIM em comparação com o TGC (p < 0,05). Conclusões: A gravidade da doença, a força muscular do quadríceps, o nível de atividade física e a qualidade de vida foram determinantes do TDIM. As vantagens do TDIM, incluindo uma resposta cardiopulmonar mais elevada que no TGC e maior portabilidade, que facilita sua utilização em diversos ambientes, fazem do TDIM a escolha preferencial para investigar a capacidade de exercício limitada por sintomas em pacientes com BNFC.

3.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 37: e37110, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534462

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a recessive genetic disease linked to the X chromosome, leading to progressive muscle tissue loss. Initially, there is difficulty getting up from the floor and an increased frequency of falls. Maintaining ambulation as long as possible is essential, and the use of ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) has been investigated as an ally in this process. Objective: To verify the prescription and use of an AFO for ambulant boys with DMD. Methods: Information was collected using the medical records of 181 patients with DMD from the Neuropediatric Service of the Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira of the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Variables used were: age at the first medical appointment, age at first symptoms, age at loss of independent gait, time between the first symptoms and loss of gait, prescription of orthosis, time of use, and surgical intervention in the lower limbs. Results: The orthosis was prescribed for 63.5% of patients and used by 38.1%. The range of orthosis time was 2 to 4 years (62.3%). The night sleep period was the most prescribed for orthosis use, with 67.2%. Patients who used the orthosis for a longer time were older at gait loss. However, the children who arrived earlier for the first appointment had a higher frequency of orthosis prescriptions and later loss of gait. Conclusion: The use of AFO can help maintain ambulation for longer in boys with DMD.


Resumo Introdução: A distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD) é uma doença genética recessiva ligada ao cromossomo X, que cursa com a perda progressiva do tecido muscular. Inicialmente, observa-se dificuldade para levantar do chão e aumento dafrequência de quedas. A manutenção da deambulação pelo maior tempo possível é importante e o uso de órtese tornozelo-pé (OTP) tem sido investigado como aliado nesse processo. Objetivo: Verificar a prescrição e uso de OTP para meninos deambulantes com DMD. Métodos: As informações foram coletadas dos prontuários de 181 pacientes com DMD do Serviço de Neuropediatria do Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira, da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. As variáveis utilizadas foram: idade na primeira consulta, idade aos primeiros sintomas, idade na perda da marcha independente, tempo entre os primeiros sintomas e a perda da marcha, prescrição de órtese, tempo de uso e intervenção cirúrgica nos membros inferiores. Resultados: A órtese foi prescrita para 63,5% dos pacientes e utilizada por 38,1%. A variação do tempo de uso foi de 2 a 4 anos (62,3%). O período noturno foi o mais prescrito para uso da órtese, com 67,2%. Os pacientes que a usaram por mais tempo apresentaram maiores idades na perda da marcha. Crianças que chegaram mais precocemente à primeira consulta tiveram maior frequência de prescrição de órtese e perda da marcha mais tardiamente. Conclusão: O uso de OTP pode ajudar a manter a deambulação por mais tempo em meninos com DMD.

4.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 83(5): 692-704, dic. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534873

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción : Hay información escasa sobre evolución a largo plazo de pacientes hospitalizados por neumo nía COVID-19 moderada (NM) y grave (NG). El objetivo del estudio fue determinar impacto clínico, funcional respiratorio y tomográfico (TACAR) luego del alta a 12 meses del diagnóstico. Métodos : análisis según grupos NM y NG, desatura dores (PD) en prueba de caminata 6 min (PC6M) y patrón tomográfico símil fibrótico (SF). Comparamos resultados a 3 y 12 meses de seguimiento. Resultados : 194 pacientes enrolados, evaluados al año: 103 (53% ): masculinos (62.4%), edad 57.7 ± 10.9 años, comorbilidades (hipertensión arterial 38.8%, dia betes 29.6%, antecedentes respiratorios-AR- 18.4%). Com paramos variables a los 3 y 12 meses (media/DE): CVF 84%(19) a 88(19) (p = 0.01); 27% tuvo CVF<80% al año. En PC6M: 426 metros (108) a 447(92) (p = < 0.01). El 12.8% fue PD al año. NG tuvo mayor SF (40% vs. 27.9% p = 0.021). SF se relacionó con CVF <80% (p = 0.004) en toda la co horte, y NG (p < 0.001). Al año en análisis multivariado se asoció a CVF <80%, AR (OR 4.32, 1.15-16.25), diabetes (OR 2.96, 1.02-8.57) y patrón SF (OR 3.51, 1.25-9.88). PD se asoció a AR (OR 12.2, 2.41-61.85). Discusión : Se observó mejoría en todas las variables al año. Pero al año persisten alteraciones funcionales y tomográficas en <50% de los pacientes. El subgrupo de PD se relacionó a AR. Es importante el seguimiento protocolizado de los pacientes hospitalizados, especial mente los grupos NG, PD y SF.


Abstract Introduction : There is scarce information on longterm evolution of hospitalized patients with moderate (MP) and severe (SP) COVID-19 pneumonia. Objective: to de termine clinical, respiratory function, and tomographic (HRCT) impact after being discharged 12 months after diagnosis. Methods : Analysis according to MP and SP, desatura tor patients (DP) in 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and HRCT fibrotic-like pattern (FLP). Results compared at 3 and 12 months of follow-up. Results : 194 patients enrolled and one year later 103 (53%) were evaluated: gender male (62.4%), age 57.7 ± 10.9 years, comorbidities (arterial hypertension 38.8%, diabetes 29.6%, and respiratory diseases-RD-18.4%). Variables compared 3 months to 12 months (mean/SD): FVC: 84%( 19) to 88%( 19) (p= 0.01). A 27% of patients had FVC<80% at one year. In 6MWT:426 (108) to 447 (92) (p = <0.01). 12.8% are DP in one year. SP had a greater FLP than MP (40% vs. 27.9%, p = 0.021). The FLP group was related to FVC < 80% (p = 0.004) in all patients but only in SP (p < 0.001). After one year, in multivariate analysis, FVC < 80% was associated with RD (OR 4.32, 1.15-16.25), diabetes (OR 2.96, 1.02-8.57) and FLP (OR 3.51, 1.25-9.88). DP were associated with RD (OR 12.2, 2.41-61.85). Discussion : Improvement was observed in all vari ables when comparing 3 to 12 months. However, after one year, functional and tomographic alterations persist in less than 50% of patients. DP subgroup was related to RD. Protocolled follow-up of hospitalized patients is important, especially in SP, DP, and FLP groups.

5.
Acta fisiátrica ; 30(4): 213-217, dez. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531095

ABSTRACT

Objective: Stroke survivors may have residual mobility impairments and an inability to improve walking speed in daily life and can result in falls, one of the most common complications after a stroke. The ability to improve walking speed is determined by the difference between the fast and self-selected walking speed, the walking speed reserve (WRS). So, the objective is to investigate the relationship between the WRS capacity and the fear of falling in stroke survivors. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with fifty five stroke survivors. The WRS was determined by the 10 meter walk test (10MWT, in m/s), and the fear of falling was assessed by Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I in points). Pearson's correlation was used to investigate the association between the WRS and fear of falling. Results: 54.5% were male, with a mean age of 62.5 (SD 14.9) years and 41% were community walkers (≥0.8m/s). The WRS was 0.17±0.17m/s, and the mean FES-I score was 31.79±9.88. A negative and statistically significant association was found, with a reasonable magnitude between the WSR and the FES-I score (r= -0.38; p= 0.005). Conclusion: Stroke survivors who have greater WSR capacity, have a lower score on the FES-i scale, indicating less fear of falling.


Objetivo: Os indivíduos pós AVE podem ter déficits residuais de mobilidade e incapacidade de aumentar a velocidade de caminhada na vida diária e podem resultar em quedas, uma das complicações mais comuns após um AVE. A capacidade de aumentar a velocidade de caminhada é determinada pela diferença entre a velocidade de caminhada máxima e auto-selecionada, a velocidade de reserva (VR). Assim, o objetivo é investigar a relação entre a VR e o medo de cair em indivíduos pós AVE. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com cinquenta e cinco indivíduos pós AVE. A VR foi determinada pelo teste de caminhada de 10 metros (TC10m, em m/s), e o medo de cair foi avaliado pela Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I em pontos). A correlação de Pearson foi usada para investigar a associação entre a VR e o medo de cair. Resultados: 54,5% eram do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 62,5 (DP 14,9) anos e 41% eram deambuladores comunitários (≥0,8m/s). A VR foi de 0,17±0,17m/s, e o escore médio da FES-I foi de 31,79±9,88. Encontrou-se associação negativa e estatisticamente significativa, com magnitude razoável entre a VR e o escore da FES-I (r= -0,38; p= 0,005). Conclusão: Os indivíduos pós AVE que têm maior VR, apresentam uma pontuação mais baixa na escala FES-i, indicando menor medo de cair.

6.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 93(3): 284-293, jul.-sep. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513581

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La obesidad mórbida se asocia a alteraciones de la capacidad de caminar, sin embargo se desconoce cómo es el comportamiento de la prueba de caminata de 6 minutos en sujetos con incrementos del índice de masa corporal (IMC). Objetivo: Describir el comportamiento de la prueba de caminata de 6 minutos en sujetos con IMC normal hasta la obesidad mórbida. Métodos: Mediante un diseño transversal analítico se estudiaron sujetos de ambos sexos de 18 a 60 años con IMC: normal (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), sobrepeso (25-29.9 kg/m2), obesidad (30-39.9 kg/m2), obesidad mórbida (> 40 kg/m2). Se les realizó prueba de caminata de 6 minutos, se acotaron variables demográficas y antecedentes personales patológicos. Se analizaron las categorías de IMC con ANOVA de una vía y ajuste de Bonferroni y los sexos con prueba t, ambos para grupos independientes y correlaciones de Pearson para las diversas variables. Una p < 0.05 fue considerada estadísticamente significativa. Resultados: Se estudiaron 480 sujetos de ambos sexos en cuatro grupos. Edad: hombres 43 ± 11 y mujeres 45 ± 10 años. Porcentaje diabetes mellitus (6.7%), hipertensión arterial (18.3%). Metros caminados hombres vs. mujeres por IMC (normal: 483 ± 56 vs. 449 ± 61; sobrepeso: 471 ± 55 vs. 441 ± 44; obesidad: 455 ± 70 vs. 421 ± 47; obesidad mórbida: 443 ± 49 vs. 403 ± 54; p < 0.05). Correlación IMC-metros caminados r: -0.446 (p < 0.0001). Conclusiones: Los metros caminados en la prueba de caminata de 6 minutos disminuyeron conforme incrementó el IMC. El sexo masculino caminó más metros en todas las categorías.


Abstract Introduction: Morbid obesity is associated with alterations in the ability to walk, however, the behavior of the 6-minute walk test in subjects with increases in body mass index is unknown. Objective: To describe the behavior of the 6-minute walk test in subjects with normal body mass index to morbid obesity. Methods: Through an analytical cross-sectional design, subjects of both genders from 18 to 60 years old with body mass index were studied: Normal (BMI: 18.5-24.9); overweight (BMI: 25-29.9); obesity (BMI: 30-39.9); morbid obesity (BMI: > 40) kg/m2. A 6-minute walk test was performed, demographic variables and pathological personal history were delimited. BMI categories were analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni adjustment, and gender with t-test, both for independent groups, and Pearson's correlations for the various variables. Results: 480 subjects of both genders were studied in four groups. Age: men 43 ± 11 and women 45 ± 10 years old. Percentage diabetes mellitus (6.7%), arterial hypertension (18.3%). Meters walked men vs. women by body mass index (normal: 483 ± 56 vs. 449 ± 61; overweight: 471 ± 55 vs. 441 ± 44; obesity: 455 ± 70 vs. 421 ± 47; morbid obesity: 443 ± 49 vs. 403 ± 54, p < 0.05). Correlation body mass index-meters walked: r: -0.446 (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: Meters walked in the 6-minute walk test decreased as body mass index increased. The male gender walked more meters in all categories.

7.
BrJP ; 6(3): 277-284, July-sept. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520302

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) often have joint pain and are overweight or obese. Thus, the objective of this study was to observe whether there is correlation between body mass index and joint pain intensity with gait performance in individuals with OA. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, which evaluated 60 volunteers, being 30 with clinical diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis and 30 without the disease, of both sexes and aged between 50-82 years. Joint pain intensity was assessed using the Visual Analog Scale, gait-related functional tasks using the Dynamic Gait Index, and the functional mobility using the Timed Up and Go test. RESULTS: There was a correlation between overweight/obesity and high levels of joint pain intensity (p=0.018), with worse performance in gait-related functional tasks (p=0.000) and with worse functional mobility (p=0.034) only for the individuals with OA. High levels of joint pain intensity also correlated with worse performance in the gait-related functional tasks (p=0.000) in the OA group, and also with worse functional mobility in the OA group (p=0.001) and also in the group of individuals without the disease (p=0.032). CONCLUSION: This study identified a correlation between overweight/obesity and high levels of joint pain intensity and worse gait performance in individuals with osteoarthritis. High levels of pain intensity also correlated with worse gait performance in individuals with OA.


resumo JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Indivíduos com osteoartrite (OA) frequentemente apresentam dor articular e sobrepeso ou obesidade. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi observar se existe correlação entre o índice de massa corporal e a intensidade da dor articular com o desempenho da marcha em indivíduos com OA. MÉTODOS: Estudo de corte transversal, que avaliou 60 indivíduos, sendo 30 com diagnóstico clínico de osteoartrite de joelho e 30 sem a doença, de ambos os sexos e com faixa etária entre 50 e 82 anos. A intensidade da dor articular foi avaliada pela Escala Analógica Visual, as tarefas funcionais relacionadas à marcha pelo Dynamic Gait Index e a mobilidade funcional pelo teste Timed Up and Go. RESULTADOS: Houve correlação entre o sobrepeso/obesidade e níveis elevados de intensidade da dor articular (p=0,018), com um pior desempenho nas tarefas funcionais relacionadas à marcha (p=0,000) e com menor mobilidade funcional (p=0,034) apenas para os indivíduos com OA. Os níveis elevados de intensidade de dor articular também mostraram correlação com um pior desempenho nas tarefas funcionais relacionadas à marcha (p=0,000) no grupo com OA, e ainda, com uma menor mobilidade funcional no grupo com OA (p=0,001) e também no grupo de indivíduos sem a doença (p=0,032). CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo identificou correlação entre o sobrepeso/obesidade com níveis elevados de intensidade da dor articular e com um pior desempenho na marcha nos indivíduos com OA. Os elevados níveis de intensidade da dor também mostraram correlação com pior desempenho na marcha nos indivíduos com OA.

8.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 28: 1-10, mar. 2023. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551616

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou verificar a prática de atividade física ao ar livre durante a pandemia da CO-VID-19 entre os professores da educação básica pública de Minas Gerais. Trata-se de um inquérito epidemiológico do tipo websurvey, realizado com professores da educação básica pública de Minas Gerais. A coleta de dados ocorreu de agosto a setembro de 2020 via formulário digital. A variável de-pendente foi a prática de atividade física ao ar livre durante a pandemia, categorizada em sim vs não. Para a análise dos dados utilizou-se a Regressão de Poisson, com variância robusta. O estudo contou com 15.641 participantes. Entre eles, 30,5% estavam realizando atividade física ao ar livre durante a pandemia. Houve maior prevalência entre os homens (RP = 1,15; IC95%: 1,09 - 1,22), aqueles que trabalhavam na zona rural (RP = 1,07; IC95%: 1,01 - 1,13), que não tiveram diminuição na renda familiar (RP = 1,08; IC95%: 1,03 - 1,13), que viviam com cônjuge (RP = 1,05; IC95%: 1,01 - 1,10), que não aderiram totalmente ao distanciamento social (RP = 1,23; IC95%: 1,17 - 1,29), que aumen-taram o desejo de cuidar da aparência física (RP = 1,47; IC95%: 1,40 - 1,55), com melhor padrão alimentar (RP = 1,45; IC95%: 1,39 - 1,52), que estavam realizando atividades de lazer (RP = 1,33; IC95%: 1,27 - 1,40), aqueles que não apresentaram excesso de peso corporal (RP = 1,05; IC95%: 1,01 - 1,10), que não estavam com muito medo da COVID-19 (RP = 1,07; IC95%: 1,02 - 1,12) e os que não faziam parte do grupo de risco para a COVID-19 (RP = 1,10; IC95%: 1,05 - 1,16). Os resultados indicaram, de modo geral, um perfil positivo com os cuidados em relação à saúde entre os praticantes de atividade física ao ar livre


this study aimed to verify the practice of outdoor physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic among public basic education teachers in Minas Gerais. This is a websurvey-type epidemiological survey, carried out with adults, public basic education teachers in the state of Minas Gerais. Data collection took place from August to September 2020 using a digital form. The dependent variable was the practice of outdoor physical activity during the pandemic, categorized as yes vs no, and those who practiced other types of exercise were not considered. For data analysis, Poisson regression was used, with robust variance. The study had 15,641 participants. Among them, 30.5% were performing physical activity outdoors during the pandemic. There was a higher prevalence among men (PR = 1.15; 95%CI: 1.09 - 1.22), those who worked in rural areas (PR = 1.07; 95%CI: 1.01 - 1.13), who had no decrease in family income (PR = 1.08; 95%CI: 1.03 - 1.13), who lived with a spouse (PR = 1.05; 95%CI: 1.01 - 1.10), who did not fully adhere to social distancing (PR = 1.23; 95%CI: 1.17 - 1.29), which increased the desire to take care of physical appearance (PR = 1.47; 95%CI: 1.40 - 1.55), with a better dietary pattern (PR = 1.45; 95%CI: 1.39 - 1.52), who were performing leisure activities (PR = 1.33; 95%CI: 1.27 - 1.40) , those who were not overweight (PR = 1.05; 95%CI: 1.01 - 1.10), who were not very afraid of COVID-19 (PR = 1.07; 95%CI: 1.02 - 1.12) and those who were not part of the risk group for COVID-19 (PR = 1.10; 95%CI: 1.05 - 1.16). The results indicated, in general, a positive profile with regard to health care among practitioners of outdoor physical activity


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise , Public Health , Coronavirus , Health Surveys , Walking
9.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417394

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Neurogenic claudication (NC) is the classic clinical presentation of patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (LSS). These patients may or may not present with symptoms of leg pain and difficulty walking. These symptoms are exacerbated while walking and standing and are eased by sitting or bending forward. METHOD: Patients with LSS, having a lumbar canal diameter of ≤12mm, were recruited from a recognized Tertiary care hospital. Each subject's demographic characteristics and anthropometrics were noted, and the testing procedure was explained. The canal diameter was documented with the help of an MRI report. A self-paced walking test was used to assess the walking distance. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Depending on the normality of the data, the Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was used to find the correlation between canal diameter at different lumbar levels and walking distance in patients with LSS. RESULT: Pearson correlation coefficient (r) determined a fair positive correlation (r = 0.29) between lumbar canal diameter and walking distance. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was done, and a prediction equation was found for different levels of canal stenosis. CONCLUSION: Findings of our present study suggest a fair positive correlation between walking distance and canal diameter at L5-S1. This study may also be useful in predicting the approximate canal diameter by estimating the walking distance of the patient with symptoms of LSS and vice-versa.


INTRODUÇÃO: A claudicação neurogênica (CN) é a apresentação clínica clássica de pacientes com Estenose Espinhal Lombar (EEL). Esses pacientes podem ou não apresentar sintomas de dor nas pernas e dificuldade para caminhar. Esses sintomas são exacerbados ao caminhar e ficar em pé e são aliviados ao sentar ou inclinar-se para a frente. MÉTODO: Pacientes com EEL, com diâmetro do canal lombar ≤12mm, foram recrutados em um hospital terciário reconhecido. As características demográficas e antropométricas de cada sujeito foram anotadas e o procedimento do teste foi explicado. O diâmetro do canal foi documentado com a ajuda de um relatório de ressonância magnética. Um teste de caminhada individualizado foi usado para avaliar a distância percorrida. ANÁLISE ESTATÍSTICA: Dependendo da normalidade dos dados, o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson (r) foi usado para encontrar a correlação entre o diâmetro do canal em diferentes níveis lombares e a distância percorrida em pacientes com EEL. RESULTADO: O coeficiente de correlação de Pearson (r) determinou uma correlação positiva razoável (r = 0,29) entre o diâmetro do canal lombar e a distância percorrida. Análise de regressão múltipla stepwise foi feita, e uma equação de predição foi encontrada para diferentes níveis de estenose do canal. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados de nosso estudo sugerem uma correlação positiva razoável entre a distância percorrida e o diâmetro do canal em L5-S1. Este estudo também pode ser útil para prever o diâmetro aproximado do canal, estimando a distância percorrida pelo paciente com sintomas de EEL e vice-versa.


Subject(s)
Pilot Projects , Patients , Spinal Stenosis
10.
Estud. interdiscip. envelhec ; v. 27(n. 1 (2022)): 91-107, jan.2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1426821

ABSTRACT

Diminuições na velocidade da marcha (VM) estão associadas a desfechos adversos na saúde física e mental em idosos. Assim, torna-se relevante identificar fatores que podem associar-se com a VM confortável em idosos, de forma a propor estratégias para prevenção de alterações na mobilidade. Objetivo: verificar a associação entre declínio cognitivo, sintomas depressivos e do medo de cair com a VM confortável em idosos comunitários. Métodos: tratou-se de um estudo transversal, com amostra probabilística, incluindo 308 idosos comunitários. O desfecho do estudo foi a VM confortável, sendo considerado como baixo desempenho VM < 0,8m/s. As variáveis preditoras foram 1) declínio cognitivo avaliado pelo Mini Exame do Estado Mental, 2) sintomas depressivos avaliados com a Escala de Depressão Geriátrica Abreviada e 3) medo de cair avaliado pela Falls Efficacy Scale ­ Brasil. Para analisar a associação entre as variáveis foi utilizada a Regressão Logística Multivariada. Resultados: idosos tiveram chances significativamente maiores de apresentar baixo desempenho na VM confortável quando apresentaram declínio cognitivo (OR: 4,67; IC95%: 1,68; 12,94), sintomas depressivos (OR: 2,90; IC95%: 1,42; 5,92) e medo de cair (OR: 4,08; IC95%: 1,72; 9,71) quando comparados aos que não tiveram essas condições. Conclusão: o declínio cognitivo, sintomas depressivos e medo de cair foram associados ao baixo desempenho na VM confortável nos idosos amostrados. Esses achados podem servir para identificação precoce dos fatores que estão associados a alterações na VM confortável, contribuindo para a proposição de estratégias públicas em saúde e no direcionamento de atividades de promoção em saúde para idosos comunitários.(AU)


Decreases in gait speed (GS) are associated with adverse outcomes in the physical and mental health of the elderly. Thus, it is relevant to identify factors that can be associated with comfortable GS in community-dwelling older adults, to propose strategies to prevent changes in mobility. Objective: To verify the association between cognitive decline, depressive symptoms, and fear of falling with comfortable GS in community-dwelling older adults. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a probabilistic sample, including 308 community-dwelling older adults. The study outcome was comfortable GS, being considered as low-performance MV < 0.8m/s. Predictive variables were 1) cognitive decline assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination, 2) depressive symptoms assessed by the Abbreviated Geriatric Depression Scale, and 3) fear of falling assessed by the Falls Efficacy Scale - Brasil. Multivariate Logistic Regression was used to verify the association between the variables. Results: Community-dwelling older adults were significantly more likely to have poor performance in comfortable GS when they presented cognitive decline (OR: 4.67; 95%CI: 1.68; 12.94), depressive symptoms (OR: 2.90; 95%CI: 1 .42; 5.92), and fear of falling (OR: 4.08; 95%CI: 1.72; 9.71) when compared to those who did not have these conditions. Conclusion: Cognitive decline, depressive symptoms, and fear of falling were associated with poor performance in comfortable GS in the community-dwelling older adults sampled. These findings can serve for early identification of factors that are associated with changes in comfortable GS, contributing to the proposition of public health strategies and in directing health promotion activities for community-dwelling older adults.(AU)


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Geriatric Assessment , Walking Speed
11.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218450

ABSTRACT

Problem: Awareness of children, who experience movement, particularly motor coordination difficulties, has increased dramatically over the last ten years. These motor coordination problems of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) or/and Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have been frequently associated with poor visual and spatial eye-vision processing.Background: Motor control difficulties for DCD and ADHD children have been discussed in detail. However, just a little is known about the influence of the natural environment on these disorders. Even more, the built environment’s impact as a spatial cognition and coordination functionality has never been considered.Aim: This pilot and innovative study aim to identify the correlation between and evaluate the visual contribution of the so-called “spatial compound linear geometries” and DCD children’s motor/walking control.Methodology: Twenty children aged 5 to 8 years with DCD difficulties (two intervention groups, one with 10 boys and the other one with 10 girls) were assessed by a statistical structural evaluation in three built environments (two urban parks and one pocket park), under two conditions (rich or not in trees, flora, and PnP linear geometries), and different motor coordination control situations (static balance, dynamic balances, dark condition).Results: The worst performances (regarding movement disorders and motor coordination problems) were observed for both groups with DCD children playing in parks poor in or without trees, flora, and spatial compound linear geometries. Instead, a significant performance (strong statistical correlation) was found for the same intervention group (DCD children’s boys or girls) playing in parks rich in trees, flora, and vegetation (natural environment). The best performance (very strong statistical correlation) was detected in parks rich in a natural environment and linear geometries. Conclusions: While the natural environment contribution is bibliographically known, the best performance finding of the visual contribution of the spatial compound linear geometries, as spatial landmarks enriching the visual-spatial motor/walking functionalities for Children with DCD disorder, could provide new cognitive approaches towards an understanding of children’s Developmental Coordination Disorder and walking physiology. DCD children’s performance, scores, and cues were related to both the natural environment and the spatial compound linear geometries as spatial landmark motor coordination cues and spatio-temporal clues. The significant variability in sensory processing among children with DCD, ADHD, and co-occurring symptoms can contribute to understanding how neurological and social factors correlate across diagnoses. Also, derived observations for stepping errors, Gait analysis (variables), and spatio-temporal clues conclude that visual eye-based processing interrelates with motor coordination problems, performance, inattention, environmental conditions (dark), sex identity (boys, girls), and DCD hyperactivity. Applications: Development of interactive visual applications for (i) human spatial cognition and movement improvement; and (ii) children’s motor control and coordination refinement.

12.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 26: e230179, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515054

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo investigar a associação dos biomarcadores inflamatórios na tarefa de ultrapassagem de obstáculos com diferentes níveis de complexidade manipulados pela característica do obstáculo (sólido e frágil) em idosos. Método 17 idosos (≥60 anos) foram avaliados em dois momentos: 1) Análise do padrão locomotor durante a ultrapassagem de obstáculo em duas condições (sólido e frágil). As variáveis estudadas, para membros de abordagem e suporte foram: velocidade, comprimento, largura e duração da passada, distância horizontal pé-obstáculo, distância horizontal obstáculo-pé, distância vertical pé-obstáculo e Máxima elevação do pé. 2) A análise dos biomarcadores interleucina 6 (IL-6) e proteína C Reativa (PCR) foi realizada por meio de coleta de sanguínea. A análise de regressão linear múltipla foi realizada para verificar associação entre o padrão locomotor e os biomarcadores inflamatórios (IL-6 e PCR) com nível de significância de p≤0,05. Resultados A análise de regressão mostrou que a Interleucina 6 apresentou associação com as seguintes variáveis: 1) largura da passada na condição obstáculo sólido, 2) máxima elevação do pé (membro de suporte) para ultrapassagem do obstáculo frágil, 3) distância horizontal pé-obstáculo (membro de abordagem) na condição de obstáculo sólido, 4) máxima elevação do pé (membro de abordagem) para ultrapassagem do obstáculo frágil, 5) máxima elevação do pé (membro de abordagem) para ultrapassagem do obstáculo sólido. A PCR apresentou associação com a variável Distância Horizontal Pé-Obstáculo (membro de abordagem) apenas para a condição de obstáculo frágil. Conclusão Os biomarcadores inflamatórios apresentam uma associação com o comportamento locomotor em idosos, independente da condição de fragilidade do obstáculo.


Abstract Objective to investigate the association of inflammatory biomarkers on the locomotor pattern during obstacle avoidance with different levels of complexity manipulated by the characteristic of the obstacle (solid and fragile) in older adults. Method 17 older adults (≥60 years old) were evaluated in two moments: 1) Analysis of the locomotor pattern during obstacle crossing in two conditions (solid and fragile). The variables studied for trailing and leading limbs were: speed, length, width and duration of the stride, horizontal foot-obstacle distance, horizontal obstacle-foot distance, vertical foot-obstacle distance and Maximum foot elevation. 2) Blood collection, for analysis of the inflammatory biomarkers Interleukin 6 (IL6) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP). Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to verify association between locomotor pattern and inflammatory biomarkers (IL6 and CRP) with a significance level of p≤0.05. Results The regression analysis showed that Interleukin 6 was associated with the following variables: 1) stride width in the solid obstacle condition, 2) maximum foot elevation (leading limb) to avoidance the fragile obstacle, 3) horizontal foot-obstacle distance (trailing limb) in solid obstacle condition, 4) maximum foot elevation (trailing limb) to avoidance the fragile obstacle, 5) maximum foot elevation (trailing limb) to avoidance the solid obstacle. C-Reactive Protein was associated with the horizontal foot-obstacle distance (trailing limb) only for the fragile obstacle condition. Conclusion Inflammatory biomarkers are associated with the locomotor pattern in older adults, regardless of the fragility of the obstacle.

13.
Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine ; : 305-313, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986399

ABSTRACT

Vibration sensation is related to motor function. However, it is unclear which vibration frequencies are associated with motor function. Therefore, in this cross-sectional study, we investigated whether a specific frequency of vibration sensation could explain motor functions. Thirty-two community-dwelling Japanese healthy older adults aged 70 years or older participated in the present study. Grip strength, one-leg standing time, and 10-m walking time were evaluated as indicators of motor function. Vibratory (40, 128, and 256 Hz) and tactile sensory tests were examined as sensory functions. Grip strength per body weight was significantly correlated with sex, body mass index, falls efficacy scale, vibration sensation with 40 and 128 Hz, and 10-m walking time (P < 0.05). Furthermore, one-leg standing time showed a correlation between vibration sensation (128 and 256 Hz) and fall history (P < 0.05). However, 10-m walking time was significantly correlated with only the grip strength to body weight ratio. Multiple regression analysis showed that vibration sensation with 128 Hz (β = 0.427) and sex (β = -0.335) (P < 0.05) were significant independent variables associated with grip strength to body weight ratio. Vibration sensation with 256 Hz (β = 0.465) and age (β = -0.343) (P < 0.05) were significant independent variable associated with one-leg standing time. No significant variables were identified for the 10-m walking time. Vibration sensation associated with motor function shows specific frequency characteristics in community-dwelling older Japanese adults.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 703-707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998283

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of video-based mirror therapy on lower limb motor function, walking ability, and balance of stroke patients at recovery stage. MethodsFrom January to October, 2022, 43 stroke patients in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 22) and mirror therapy group (n = 21). Both groups received routine rehabilitation, and the mirror therapy group received video-based mirror therapy additionally, for four weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), Functional Ambulation Category (FAC) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) before and after treatment. ResultsAfter treatment, the scores of FMA-LE, FAC and BBS improved significantly in both groups (|t| > 6.205, P < 0.001), and the scores of FMA-LE and BBS were better in the mirror therapy group than in the control group (|t| > 2.164, P < 0.05). ConclusionCombining with video-based mirror therapy could facilitate to improve the lower limb motor function and balance ability of stroke patients at recovery stage.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 646-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998276

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between lower limb muscle strength and walking speed in older adults, and to analyze the mediating role of flexibility and dynamic balance. MethodsFrom November to December, 2021, a total of 155 older adults at the Shanghai Senior Sports and Health Home were included. Their basic health information was collected, and the lower limb muscle strength, flexibility, dynamic balance and walking speed were tested. A mediated effects analysis was conducted. ResultsThere was a pairwise correlation among lower limb muscle strength, flexibility, dynamic balance and walking speed in older adults (r > 0.210, P < 0.01). In the mediated effects model, after controlling for age and gender, lower limb muscle strength did not directly predict walking speed in older adults (β = 0.029, P = 0.699), however, lower limb muscle strength could influence walking speed through the partial mediation of dynamic balance (effect = 0.0130, 95% CI 0.0073~0.0197) and the chain mediation of lower flexibility and dynamic balance (effect = 0.0019, 95% CI 0.0003~0.0043). ConclusionLower limb muscle strength can indirectly affect walking speed in older adults through the mediators of flexibility and dynamic balance, or the dynamic balance alone.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 849-855, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998253

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo improve the anti-fall capacity and safety of the smart walkers. MethodsTwo pressure sensors were placed on the handles on both sides of the walker. The confusion matrix was obtained, the corresponding operational intent labels were manually labeled, using a support vector machine (SVM) classifier for model prediction to predict the travel intent of the users. The user wore a gyroscope and the walker was equipped with a laser sensor, to measure the angular velocity, angular acceleration and the distance data, respectively, to detect the user's fall. ResultsThe classifier model established by SVM successfully predicted three operating states of the walker, namely straight ahead, left turning and right turning. The user's fall was detected by the sudden change of the following data: the combined angular velocity was greater than 100°/s, the combined angular acceleration was greater than 1.3 G, the angular acceleration of Z-axis was greater than 0.7 G or less than 0.2 G, and the distance was greater than 600 mm or less than 300 mm. ConclusionThe improvement of the walker can predict the turn intention of the user, and detect the user's fall.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1083-1089, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998233

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the short-term efficacy of orthopedic elastic bandages on gait symmetry and walking ability in children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy. MethodsFrom June, 2020 to June, 2023, 31 children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy from Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and experimental group (n = 16). Both groups received routine rehabilitation, while the control group received routine walking training, and the experimental group wore an orthopedic elastic bandage for walking training, for four weeks. The indexes of gait symmetry of foot deviation angle ratio (affected/healthy), step length ratio (affected/healthy), gait line ratio (affected/healthy) and standing stage ratio (affected percentage/healthy percentage) were calculated before and after training, and they were measured step width and the optional and maximum walking speed of 10-meter walk test (10MWT). ResultsOne case dropped off in the experimental group. After training, the foot deviation ratio, step length ratio, gait line ratio, and standing stage ratio improved in both groups (|t| > 2.434, P < 0.05), and they were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.230, P < 0.05); while the optional and maximum walking speed of 10MWT improved in both groups (|t| > 9.186, P < 0.001), and they were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.278, P < 0.05). ConclusionWearing orthopedic elastic bandages during rehabilitation can promote the gait symmetry and walking ability of children with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 504-509, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975132

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of self-efficacy-based intelligent walking training on function of lower extremities of stroke patients. MethodsFrom December, 2021 to December, 2022, 44 stroke inpatients from Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 22) and experimental group (n = 22). Both groups accepted routine rehabilitation, while the control group accepted routine gait training, and the experimental group accepted self-efficacy-based intelligent walking training on the gait training system (Walker View), for six weeks. They were assessed with Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities, 10-Meter Walk Test, Timed 'Up and Go' Test, stride length and average walking velocity, Functional Ambulation Category and General Self-Efficacy Scale before and after treatment. ResultsThree cases dropped down in the experimental group. All the indexes improved in two groups after treatment (|t| > 5.808, |Z| > 2.961, P < 0.01), and improved more in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.049, Z = -2.572, P < 0.05). ConclusionThe self-efficacy-based intelligent walking training can promote the recovery of motor function of lower extremities and walking ability in stroke patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 497-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975131

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of different intensity of wearable lower limb rehabilitation robot-assisted training on walking function, lower limb motor function, balance function and functional independence of stroke patients. MethodsFrom November, 2021 to December, 2022, 60 stroke patients hospitalized in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 20), observation group 1 (n = 20) and observation group 2 (n = 20). All the groups received routine rehabilitation, while the control group received routine walking training 30 minutes a day, the observation group 1 received wearable lower limb rehabilitation robot-assisted training 30 minutes a day, and the observation group 2 received wearable lower limb rehabilitation robot-assisted training 60 minutes a day, for four weeks. They were assessed with Functional Ambulation Category scale (FAC), Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI) before and after treatment. ResultsOne case in the observation group 1 and three cases in the observation group 2 dropped down. The FAC, FMA-LE, BBS and RMI scores improved in all the three groups after treatment (|Z| > 3.448, |t| > 8.102, P < 0.001), and there was no significant difference in all the indexes among the three groups (|H| < 4.643, F = 1.454, P > 0.05); however, the improvement of BBS score was more in the observation group 1 than in the control group (P < 0.05), and the improvement of all the indexes was more in the observation group 2 than in the control group (P < 0.05). ConclusionThe wearable lower limb rehabilitation robot-assisted training may promote the recovery of walking function, lower limb motor function, balance function and functional independence of stroke patients, and high-intensity training seems to be more effective.

20.
J. vasc. bras ; 22: e20230024, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1506640

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Decreased walking ability in patients with peripheral arterial disease is often a clinical problem and limits the quality of life and daily activities of these subjects. physical exercise is important in this scenario, as it improves both the daily walking distance and the ability to withstand intermittent claudication related to the limitations of the peripheral disease. Objectives Our aim was to compare the effects of two types of exercise training (aerobic training and aerobic training combined with resistance exercises) on pain-free walking distance (PFWD) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a sample composed of patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Methods Twenty patients with claudication symptoms were randomized to either aerobic control (AC) N= 9, or combined training (CT) N= 8, (24 sixty-minute sessions, twice a week). The total walking distance until onset of pain due to claudication was assessed using the 6-minute walk test and HRQoL was measured using the WHOQOL-bref questionnaire (general and specific domains) at baseline and after training. We used generalized estimating equations (GEE) to assess the differences between groups for the PFWD and HRQoL domains, testing the main group and time effects and their respective interaction effects. P values < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results Seventeen patients (mean age 63±9 years; 53% male) completed the study. Both groups experienced improvement in claudication, as reflected by a significant increase in PFWD: AC, 149 m to 299 m (P<0.001); CT, 156 m to 253 m (P<0.001). HRQoL domains also improved similarly in both groups (physical capacity, psychological aspects, and self-reported quality of life; P=0.001, P=0.003, and P=0.011 respectively). Conclusions Both aerobic and combined training similarly improved PFWD and HRQoL in PAD patients. There are no advantages in adding strength training to conventional aerobic training. This study does not support the conclusion that combined training is a good strategy for these patients when compared with classic training.


Resumo Contexto A diminuição da capacidade de marcha em pacientes com doença arterial periférica é frequentemente um problema clínico e limita a qualidade de vida e as atividades diárias desses indivíduos. O exercício físico é importante nesse cenário, pois melhora tanto a distância caminhada diária quanto a capacidade de suportar a claudicação intermitente relacionada às limitações da doença periférica. Objetivos Comparar os efeitos do treinamento aeróbico (TA) e do treinamento aeróbico combinado com exercícios de resistência (TC) na distância percorrida livre de dor (DPLD) e na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) em pacientes com doença arterial periférica (DAP). Métodos Vinte pacientes com sintomas de claudicação foram randomizados para TA ou TC. Os treinamentos foram realizados em 24 sessões, duas vezes por semana. A DPLD foi avaliada por meio do teste de caminhada de 6 minutos, e a QVRS foi medida pelo instrumento da avaliação de qualidade de vida da Organização Mundial da Saúde (WHOQOL-BREF), no início e após o treinamento. Para avaliar as diferenças entre os grupos para DPLD e os domínios da QVRS, foi utilizado o modelo de equações de estimativa generalizada, testando os efeitos principais do grupo e tempo, bem como os respectivos efeitos de interação. Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados Dezessete pacientes (idade média: 63±9 anos; 53% do sexo masculino) completaram o estudo. Ambos os grupos apresentaram melhora na claudicação, refletida por um aumento significativo na DPLD: grupo controle aeróbico - de 149 m para 299 m (P < 0,001); grupo de treinamento combinado - de 156 m para 253 m (P < 0,001). Os domínios da QVRS também melhoraram de forma semelhante em ambos os grupos (capacidade física, aspectos psicológicos e qualidade de vida autorreferida; P = 0,001, P = 0,003 e P = 0,011, respectivamente). Conclusões Ambos os treinamentos melhoraram de forma semelhante a DPLD e a QVRS em pacientes com DAP. Não há vantagens em associar o treinamento de força ao treinamento aeróbico convencional. O estudo não permite concluir que o TC é uma boa estratégia para esses pacientes quando comparado ao treinamento clássico.

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