Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 466
Filter
1.
Acta méd. colomb ; 47(1): 55-57, ene.-mar. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374105

ABSTRACT

Resumen La diarrea crónica es una patología frecuente con un amplio diagnóstico diferencial. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con diarrea crónica secundaria a enterocolopatía por la toma prolongada de olmesartán. Se trata de una patología infradiagnosticada por desconocimiento de la entidad, pero que debe considerarse en base a la frecuencia de uso del grupo farmacológico. En nuestro caso, la buena evolución clínica tras la retirada del fármaco nos muestra la necesidad de considerarlo como causa directa del cuadro clínico. Un adecuado enfoque terapéutico en estos pacientes nos permitirá evitar pruebas complementarias, costos innecesarios y se traducirá en una mejora diagnóstica y del pronóstico de estos pacientes. (Acta Med Colomb 2022; 47. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2022.2203).


Abstract Chronic diarrhea is a common pathology with a broad differential diagnosis. We present the case of a patient with chronic diarrhea secondary to enteropathy due to prolonged consumption of olmesartan. This is an underdiagnosed pathology due to lack of knowledge regarding this entity, but it should be considered, given the frequency with which this pharmacological group is used. In our case, the favorable clinical progression after withdrawing the medication indicates the need to consider it as the direct cause of the clinical picture. An appropriate therapeutic approach to these patients will allow us to avoid complementary tests and unnecessary costs, and will translate into a better diagnosis and prognosis in these patients. (Acta Med Colomb 2022; 47. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/amc.2022.2203).

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(1): 33-40, jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360114

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A ação do peptídeo natriurético atrial (ANP) na natriurese, diurese e vasodilatação, resistência à insulina, fígado, rim e tecido adiposo pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento metabólico e cardiovascular saudável. Embora o nível circulante de ANP seja reduzido em pacientes com obesidade, sua resposta à perda de peso ainda é pouco explorada em populações pediátricas. Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos das variações do ANP em resposta à intervenção interdisciplinar para perda de peso na Síndrome Metabólica (SMet) e nos riscos cardiometabólicos em adolescentes com obesidade. Métodos 73 adolescentes com obesidade participaram de uma terapia interdisciplinar para perda de peso de 20 semanas, incluindo uma abordagem clínica, nutricional, psicológica e de exercícios físicos. A composição corporal, análises bioquímicas e pressão sanguínea foram avaliadas. A SMet foi classificada de acordo com a Federação Internacional de Diabetes (IDF) (2007). Após o tratamento, os voluntários foram divididos de acordo com os níveis de plasma do ANP aumento (n=31) ou ANP redução (n=19). Resultados Ambos os grupos apresentaram redução significativa de peso corporal, índice de massa corporal (IMC) e circunferências de cintura, pescoço e quadril (CC, CP e CQ, respectivamente), e aumento da massa livre de gordura (MLG). É interessante observar que houve uma redução significativa na gordura corporal, na razão de TG/HDL-c e na prevalência de SMet (de 23% para 6%) somente no grupo com ANP aumento. Conclusão Este estudo sugere que o aumento nos níveis séricos de ANP após a terapia para perda de peso pode estar associado a melhorias nos riscos cardiometabólicos e na prevalência reduzida de SMet em adolescentes com obesidade.


Abstract Background The action of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) on natriuresis, diuresis and vasodilatation, insulin resistance, liver, kidney, and adipose tissue may contribute to the healthy metabolic and cardiovascular development. Even though the circulating level of ANP is reduced in patients with obesity, its response to weight loss remains poorly explored in pediatric populations. Objective To evaluate the effects of ANP variations in response to interdisciplinary weight loss intervention on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiometabolic risks in adolescents with obesity. Methods 73 adolescents with obesity attended a 20-week clinical interdisciplinary weight loss therapy including clinical, nutritional, psychological and exercise training approach. Body composition, biochemical analyses and blood pressure were evaluated. MetS was classified according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) (2007). After the treatment, volunteers were divided according to Increasing (n=31) or Decreasing (n=19) ANP plasma levels. Results Both groups present significant reduction of body weight, Body Mass Index (BMI), waist, neck and hip circumferences (WC, NC and HC, respectively) and increasing fat-free mass (FFM). Interestingly, a significant reduction in body fat, TG/HDL-c ratio and MetS prevalence (from 23% to 6%) was observed in the Increased ANP group only. Conclusion This study suggests that an increase in ANP serum levels after weight loss therapy could be associated with improvements in cardiometabolic risks and the reduced prevalence of MetS in adolescents with obesity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Pediatric Obesity/therapy , Body Composition , Weight Loss/physiology , Body Mass Index , Atrial Natriuretic Factor/metabolism
4.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 821-831, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349997

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effects of an interdisciplinary intervention on biomarkers of inflammation and their relationship with fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) concentrations in women with overweight and obesity. Subjects and methods: Thirty-one women were enrolled in a 12-week interdisciplinary weight loss program delivered by a team comprising an endocrinologist, nutritionist and exercise physiologist. Body composition; anthropometric measures; metabolic and inflammatory markers including adiponectin, leptin, and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were assessed at baseline and post-therapy. The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and the homeostasis model assessment of adiponectin (HOMA-AD) were calculated. The participants were divided into two groups: those with increased FGF21, and those with decreased FGF21. Results: The sample comprised women aged 32 ± 5 years with a body mass index of 33.64 ± 3.49 kg/m2. Body weight, waist circumference and leptin concentration were decreased in the whole sample after therapy. However, only the group with an increase in FGF21 concentration presented significant improvements in adiponectin concentration and adiponectin/leptin ratio. Moreover, although there was a reduction of leptin in both groups, it was greater in the increased FGF21 groups. There was a reduction in ANP in the decreased FGF21 group. Conclusions: Changes in FGF21 concentrations were different among the women participating in the weight loss program, with some having increased levels and some reduced levels. Furthermore, improvements in adiponectin and the adiponectin/leptin ratio were found only in the group with increased FGF21 concentration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Weight Reduction Programs , Obesity/therapy , Insulin Resistance , Biomarkers/blood , Body Mass Index , Leptin , Adiponectin , Fibroblast Growth Factors/blood
5.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 48(6)dic. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388549

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate anthropometric and laboratory differences in the pre and postoperative period of patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Methods: Retrospective study, conducted with patients undergoing surgery between 2013-2018, in Northeastern Brazil. The following data were collected by reviewing patient medical records: sociodemographic (sex and age), anthropometric (height, weight and body mass index), clinical (comorbidities and use of multivitamins) laboratory (vitamin D levels - 25OHD and total lymphocyte count - TLC). At the 6 and at 12 months postoperative periods, weight and laboratory data were again collected. Statistical analyses were performed with SPSS 20.0 software, a significance level of 5% was adopted. Results: 646 patients were evaluated, with a mean age of 48.0 ± 11.7 years; 78.6% had RYGB and 21.4% SG. Postoperatively, patient weight and BMI decreased, regardless of technique (p<0.001), however, RYGB patients had greater weight loss. All patients had hypovitaminosis D, but SG patients had an increase in 25OHD in the postoperative period (p<0.00001). Regarding TLC, there was a decrease in the postoperative period for both techniques (p<0.0001). Conclusion: RYGB patients had higher weight and BMI and greater weight loss. 25OHD was better in the postoperative period for SG patients. There was a reduction in TLC in the postoperative period of all patients.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar las diferencias antropométricas y de laboratorio en el período pre y posoperatorio de pacientes sometidos a cirugía de bypass gástrico (BGYR) y gastrectomía en manga (SG). Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, realizado con pacientes sometidos a cirugía entre 2013-2018, en el noreste de Brasil. Los datos se recogieron consultando la historia clínica del paciente: sociodemográficos (sexo y edad), antropométricos (talla, peso e índice de masa corporal), clínicos (comorbilidades y uso de multivitamínicos) y de laboratorio (niveles de vitamina D - 25OHD y total recuento de linfocitos (TLC). A los 6 y 12 meses del postoperatorio, se recogieron nuevamente los datos de peso y de laboratorio. Los análisis estadísticos se realizaron con el software SPSS 20.0, se adoptó un nivel de significancia del 5%. Resultados: Se evaluaron 646 pacientes, con edad media de 48,0±11,7 años; El 78,6% se había sometido a RYGB y el 21,4% a SG. En el postoperatorio, el peso y el IMC de los pacientes disminuyeron, independientemente de la técnica (p<0,0001), pero los pacientes sometidos a BGYR tuvieron una mayor pérdida de peso. Todos los pacientes tenían hipovitaminosis D, pero los sometidos a SG tuvieron un aumento de 25OHD en el postoperatorio (p<0,0001). En cuanto a la TLC, hubo una disminución del postoperatorio para ambas técnicas (p<0,0001). Conclusión: Los individuos sometidos a RYGB tenían mayor peso e IMC y mayor pérdida de peso. La 25OHD fue mejor en el postoperatorio de SG. Hubo una reducción de la TLC en el postoperatorio de todos los pacientes.

6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 48(3)jun. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388503

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: There is very low-quality evidence that the transtheoretical stages of change model combined with physical activity or diet, or both, can result in significant improvements in dietary and physical activity habits. Objective: To evaluate the association between stages of change on weight reduction, after a nutritional intervention, in patients with cardiovascular risk. Methods: In a randomized controlled clinical trial, patients >18 years old with body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 and at least two cardiovascular risk factors were distributed to an intervention or control group. The intervention group received, according to stage of change, a multidisciplinary intervention formed by a nutritionist, a psychologist, a chef and a physiotherapist to improve healthy eating, while the control group was given a nutritional prescription. Stage of change from the transtheoretical model, anthropometric variables, physical activity, and 24-hour recall of food intake were measured at baseline and 12 months postintervention. The main outcomes were change in weight, waist and hip circumferences. Results: We included 188 subjects (intervention group= 93, control group= 95), where 75% were female, 68.6% had obesity, and mean age 50.3±13. After 12-months, subjects in the intervention group that were ready to change showed a greater decrease in weight and energy intake, with differences between ready to change vs not ready to change subjects and an interaction between intervention group and ready to change. Conclusions: An intervention with a multidisciplinary team can be as effective as the current standard of care in promoting weight loss when taking into account baseline stage of change.


RESUMEN Introducción: existe poca evidencia sobre el efecto de la etapa de cambio del modelo transteórico en conjunto con actividad física, dieta, o ambas, en los hábitos dietéticos y de actividad física. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de una intervención nutricional y la etapa de cambio inicial sobre la reducción de peso después de una intervención nutricional en pacientes con riesgo cardiovascular. Métodos: Ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado. Pacientes >18 años con índice de masa corporal ≥25 kg/m2 y al menos 2 factores de riesgo cardiovascular fueron asignados a: grupo intervención o grupo control. El grupo de intervención recibió de acuerdo a la etapa de cambio una intervención multidisciplinaria formada por: nutricionista, psicólogo, chef y fisioterapeuta, mientras que el grupo control solo recibió prescripción nutricional habitual. Se evaluaron al inicio del estudio y 12 meses después de la intervención: etapa de cambio del modelo transteórico, variables antropométricas, actividad física y recordatorio de 24 horas. Resultados: se incluyeron 188 sujetos (grupo intervención 93, grupo control 95), 75% eran mujeres, 68,6% tenían obesidad, con promedio de 50.3±13. Después de 12 meses, los sujetos en el grupo de intervención que estaban listos para el cambio, mostraron una mayor disminución en el peso y en el consumo calórico, con diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la interacción grupo y etapa de cambio. Conclusiones: Una intervención con un equipo multidisciplinario puede ser tan eficaz como el tratamiento habitual para promover la pérdida de peso cuando se tiene en cuenta la etapa de cambio basal.

7.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 457-461, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254260

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La Organización Mundial de la Salud define la obesidad como un incremento en el porcentaje de grasa corporal, generalmente acompañado de aumento en el peso, cuya cantidad y distribución condicionan la salud del individuo. Se caracteriza por ser una enfermedad crónica y de muy difícil manejo. La cirugía bariátrica es un procedimiento cada vez más frecuente, que ha demostrado ser la mejor opción terapéutica para el manejo de la obesidad moderada y severa, enfermedad que ha ido ganado terreno en el mundo. Según la Encuesta Nacional de la Situación Nutricional en Colombia 2015, la incidencia de sobrepeso fue del 37,8 % y de obesidad del 18,7 %. Con el incremento de la cirugía bariátrica primaria, también se ha incrementado la frecuencia de la cirugía bariátrica de revisión, conversión y reversión, siendo la de conversión la más frecuente. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo en el que se analizaron los pacientes llevados a cirugía bariátrica de conversión en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio entre 2014 y 2019. Resultados. En nuestra institución la cirugía de conversión corresponde al 8,8 %, y coincide con la estadística mundial para este procedimiento. La causa más frecuente, a diferencia de la literatura, es el reflujo gastroesofágico, seguido de la reganancia de peso. Discusión. Los resultados obtenidos en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio se asemejan a las cifras mundiales de procedimientos de conversión. Se obtiene la resolución de los síntomas de reflujo gastroesofágico y el manejo adecuado de la reganancia de peso en un alto porcentaje de pacientes, con muy pocas complicaciones


Introduction. The World Health Organization defines obesity as an increase in the percentage of body fat, generally accompanied by an increase in weight, the quantity and distribution of which determine the health of the individual. It is characterized by being a chronic disease and very difficult to manage. Bariatric surgery is an increasingly fre-quent procedure, which has proven to be the best therapeutic option for the management of moderate and severe obesity, a disease that has been gaining ground in the world. According to the 2015 National Survey of the Nutri-tional Situation in Colombia, the incidence of overweight was 37.8% and obesity was 18.7%. With the increase in primary bariatric surgery, the frequency of revision, conversion and reversal bariatric surgery has also increased, with conversion being the most frequent.Methods. Retrospective observational study in which patients underwent bariatric conversion surgery at the San Ignacio University Hospital between 2014 and 2019 were analyzed.Results. In our institution, conversion surgery corresponds to 8.8%, and coincides with the world statistics for this procedure. The most frequent cause, unlike the literature, is gastroesophageal reflux, followed by weight gain.Discussion. The results obtained at the San Ignacio University Hospital are similar to the world figures for con-version procedures. Resolution of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and proper management of weight gain are obtained in a high percentage of patients, with very few complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Bariatric Surgery , Obesity , Weight Loss , Gastroesophageal Reflux
8.
Colomb. med ; 52(1): e2044342, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249640

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Through the culture of thinness, increasingly promoted in our society as a beauty canon, it is not surprising that the number of people affected by eating disorders is increasing. Objective: This research aims to study the relationship between non-suicidal self-injuries and nuclear aspects of eating disorders specified along with this article. Methods: The sample consisted of 60 women diagnosed with anorexia and bulimia. Questionnaires assessing impulsivity, body satisfaction, alexithymia, body attitude and self-esteem were administered. Participants with non-suicidal self-harm were compared with those without it, and participants with anorexia with and without self-harm and participants with bulimia with and without self-harm were compared. Results: Differences were found in body dissatisfaction= 5.71; p ≤0.01), body attitudes= 4.80; p ≤0.02), self-esteem= 14.09; p ≤0.00) and impulsivity (t= 3.39; p ≤0.01) between participants with and without non-suicidal self-harm. Conclusions: These are key factors for the clinical area in the treatment of eating disorders to prevent the presence of self-harm, as it allows focusing the treatment target on those aspects such as dissatisfaction and impulsivity, which are key in the development of self-harm.


Resumen Introducción: A través de la cultura de la delgadez, cada vez más promovida en nuestra sociedad como canon de belleza, no es de extrañar que este aumentado el número de personas afectadas por Trastornos de Conducta alimentaria. Objetivo: Estudiar la relación entre las autolesiones no suicidas y aspectos nucleares del trastorno de conducta alimentaria que se especifican a lo largo de este artículo. Métodos: La muestra ha sido formada por 60 mujeres diagnosticadas de anorexia y bulimia. Se administraron cuestionarios que evaluaban la impulsividad, satisfacción corporal, alexitimia, actitud corporal y autoestima. Se compararon aquellas participantes que presentaban autolesiones no suicidas con las que no lo presentaban, además se compararon participantes con anorexia con y sin autolesiones y participantes con bulimia con y sin autolesiones. Resultados: Se encontraron diferencias en insatisfacción corporal = 5,71; p ≤0.01), en actitudes corporales= 4.80; p ≤0.02), autoestima= 14.09; p ≤0.00) e impulsividad, (t= 3.39; p ≤0.01) entre participantes con y sin autolesiones no suicidas. Conclusiones: Estos son factores clave para la clínica en el tratamiento de los trastornos de conducta alimentaria para prevenir la presencia de autolesiones, ya que permite enfocar el objetivo del tratamiento a aquellos aspectos como la insatisfacción e impulsividad, que son claves en el desarrollo de autolesiones.

9.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(1): 14-23, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152891

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Intermittent fasting (IF) is an increasingly popular method of weight loss, as an alternative to daily caloric restriction (DCR). Several forms of IF exist, such as alternate-day fasting or time-restricted feeding regimens. Some of its proponents claim several health benefits unrelated to caloric restriction or weight loss, which rely mainly on animal models. Although several studies published in the last few years confirm that IF can be a useful and safe therapeutical option for obesity and related disorders, no superiority to conventional caloric restriction diets have emerged. There are still several questions left answered. In this Review, we discuss some of the claims, unveiling myths, facts, and presumptions about several models of IF. The focus of this article is obesity, but there is a brief discussion of the potential benefits of IF on overall human health.

10.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(1): e3255, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156689

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pérdida de peso en recién nacidos por cesárea es poco estudiada en Perú. Objetivo: Determinar el punto de corte de la variación de peso en las primeras 24 horas en recién nacidos a término por cesárea para desarrollar pérdida ponderal excesiva. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico de prueba diagnóstica. La muestra estuvo conformada por 143 recién nacidos por cesárea sanos a término en Cusco-Perú. Se consideró como variable de interés a la pérdida ponderal excesiva (>10 por ciento) y como variable de exposición a la variación porcentual de peso a las 24 horas. Se establecieron puntos de corte para la pérdida ponderal excesiva por curvas ROC y validación diagnóstica. Resultados: El peso promedio al nacer fue 3262,7 gramos y la variación porcentual de peso a las 24 y 72 horas fue 4,9 por ciento y 8,6 por ciento respectivamente. El área bajo la curva en el grafico ROC fue 64,13 por ciento (IC95 por ciento; 54,03-74,22). El punto de corte para desarrollar pérdida ponderal excesiva a las 72 horas fue 5,47 por ciento (S: 51,28 por ciento; E: 69,23 por ciento; VPP: 38,46 por ciento y VPN: 79,12 por ciento). Por cada punto porcentual incrementado en la variación de peso a las 24 horas, el riesgo de tener pérdida ponderal excesiva se incrementó en 33 por ciento (OR: 1,33; IC95 por ciento 1,11-1,62; p=0,003). Conclusiones: La variación de peso en 5,47 por ciento a las 24 horas puede predecir una pérdida ponderal excesiva en recién nacidos por cesárea en Cusco-Perú(AU)


Introduction: Weight loss in newborns delivered by caesarean section is poorly studied in Peru. Objective: To determine the cut-off point for weight variation in the first 24 hours in term newborns delivered by caesarean section to develop excessive weight loss. Material and methods: An analytical study of diagnostic test was carried out. The sample was composed of 143 healthy babies born by cesarean section in Cusco, Peru. The excessive weight loss (> 10 percent was considered as a variable of interest and the percentage variation in weight at 24 hours was considered as a variable of exposure. Cut-off points were established for excessive weight loss due to ROC curves and diagnostic validation. Results: The average birth weight was 3262.7 grams and the percentage change in weight at 24 and 72 hours was 4.9 percent and 8.6 percent, respectively. The area under the ROC curve was 64.13 percent (95 percent CI; 54.03-74.22). The cut-off point to develop excessive weight loss at 72 hours was 5.47 percent (S: 51.28 percent; E: 69.23 percent; PPV: 38.46 percent and NPV: 79.12 percent). For each percentage point increase in weight change at 24 hours, the risk of having excessive weight loss increased by 33 percent (OR: 1.33; 95 percent CI; 1.11 - 1.62; p = 0.003). Conclusions: The variation in weight by 5.47 percent at 24 hours can predict excessive weight loss in newborns delivered by caesarean section in Cusco, Peru(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Birth Weight , Cesarean Section , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Peru
11.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200090, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1124798

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a experiência do monitoramento remoto de enfermagem na perspectiva de mulheres com excesso de peso. Método Estudo descritivo, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado em ambulatório de referência em obesidade em Salvador-Bahia, com 42 mulheres com excesso de peso, as quais haviam participado do grupo intervenção de um ensaio clínico randomizado. Realizaram-se entrevistas semiestruturadas entre janeiro a março de 2017 e os dados foram analisados através da técnica de análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados Dos depoimentos emergiu a categoria central "Aumentando a consciência do cuidado de si", a qual foi representada por três categorias temáticas: Vivenciando um feedback frequente e interativo com a enfermeira para o controle de peso, Melhorando o cuidado de si e Sentindo satisfação com os resultados alcançados. Conclusão e implicações para a prática As participantes vivenciaram e reconheceram a melhora do conhecimento para o controle do peso e mudanças positivas nos modos de viver ou conviver com o excesso de peso. Os resultados evidenciaram que atividades educativas por meio da telenfermagem, numa perspectiva dialógica, contribuem para potencializar o autocuidado.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la experiencia de la monitorización remota de enfermería en la perspectiva de las mujeres con exceso de peso. Método Estudio descriptivo, de enfoque cualitativo, realizado en ambulatorio de referencia en obesidad en Salvador-Bahia, con 42 mujeres con exceso de peso, las cuales habían participado del grupo de intervención de un ensayo clínico aleatorio. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas entre enero y marzo de 2017 y los datos fueron analizados mediante la técnica de análisis de contenido temático. Resultados De los testimonios surgió la categoría central " Aumentando la conciencia sobre el autocuidado", la cual estaba representada por tres categorías temáticas: Vivenciando un feedback frecuente e interactivo con la enfermera para el control del peso, Mejorando el autocuidado y Sintiendo satisfacción con los resultados logrados. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica Las participantes vivenciaron y reconocieron la mejora del conocimiento para el control del peso y cambios positivos en los modos de vivir o convivir con exceso de peso. Los resultados evidenciaron que actividades educativas por medio de la teleenfermería, en una perspectiva dialógica, contribuyen para potencializar el autocuidado.


Abstract Objective To evaluate the experience of remote nursing monitoring from the perspective of overweight women. Method Descriptive, qualitative approach study, carried out in a reference outpatient clinic in obesity in Salvador-Bahia, with 42 overweight women, who had participated in the intervention group of a randomized clinical trial. Semi-structured interviews were conducted between January and March 2017. The data were analyzed using the thematic content analysis technique. Semi-structured interviews were conducted between January and March 2017, with the data having been analyzed through thematic content analysis. Results From their statements the central category "Increasing awareness for self-care" was identified, which was represented by three thematic categories: Experiencing a frequent and interactive feedback with the nurse for weight control, Improving self-care and Feeling satisfaction with the results obtained. Conclusion and implications for practice The participants experienced and recognized improved knowledge for weight control and positive changes in ways of living or living with excess weight. The results evidenced that educational activities, through telenursing, in a dialogical perspective, contribute towards enhancing self-care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Overweight/nursing , Telenursing , Telemonitoring , Obesity/therapy , Self Care , Qualitative Research , Overweight/therapy
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1156856

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study describes body weight changes among participants of the NutriNet Brasil cohort (n = 14,259) during the covid-19 pandemic. We analyzed data reported before the pandemic onset (01/26/2020 to 03/18/2020) and about six months after (09/14/2020 to 10/19/2020). Our results show that 19.7% of the participants gained ≥ 2 kg. Weight gain was directly associated with male gender, lower education, and previous presence of overweight, and inversely associated with age. In turn, 15.2% lost ≥ 2kg, being directly associated with male gender and previous presence of overweight and inversely associated with age.


RESUMO Este estudo descreve modificações no peso corporal de participantes da coorte NutriNet Brasil (n = 14.259) ocorridas durante a pandemia de covid-19. Foram analisados dados informados em período anterior ao início da pandemia (26/01/2020 a 18/03/2020) e cerca de 6 meses após (14/09/2020 a 19/10/2020). O ganho de peso ≥ 2 kg alcançou 19,7% dos participantes, mostrando-se diretamente associado ao sexo masculino, à menor escolaridade e à presença prévia de excesso de peso, sendo inversamente associado à idade. A perda de peso ≥ 2kg alcançou 15,2% dos participantes, mostrando-se diretamente associada ao sexo masculino e à presença prévia de excesso de peso, sendo inversamente associada à idade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Body Weight , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Brazil/epidemiology , Weight Gain , Cohort Studies , Age Factors , Overweight
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909327

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe and compare the perioperative changes of body weight, skeletal muscle and fat mass in patients with benign and malignant gastrointestinal tumors.Methods:All adult patients admitted to the surgery department of a referral hospital in Beijing with voluntary consent were included in the study. For all participants, preoperative medical history were collected and body composition measurements were performed 1-2 days prior to the surgery and 3-6 days after the surgery. Pathological results and tumor diagnosis were recorded.Results:A total of 80 participants completed the study. There was no significant difference in weight and body composition between patients with benign and malignant tumors before operation, but patients experiencing a weight loss of more than 5% in the past 6 months were dramatically more in malignant tumor group compared with benign tumor group (9.1% vs. 42.0%, P=0.024). With the parenteral and enteral nutrition support, there was no significant difference in the changes of weight, muscle, or fat mass between benign and malignant tumor patients in different stages (all P>.05). Patients with malignant tumors were divided into severe weight loss group and observational group with the percentage weight loss cut-off of 5%. Analysis showed that patients in the severe weight loss group had significantly decreased weight [(-4.3±1.6)kg vs. (-1.9±1.1)kg, P<0.01], BMI[(-1.3±0.9)kg/m 2vs. (-0.7±0.4)kg/m 2, P<0.01], muscle[(-1.2±2.0)kg vs. (-0.4±1.2)kg, P=0.046] and fat mass [(-2.6±2.0)kg vs. (-1.1±0.9)kg, P=0.018] compared with observational group, while visceral [(-0.5±0.6)kg vs. (-0.2±0.7)kg, P=0.107] and subcutaneous fat [(-2.2±1.9)kg vs. (-1.4±1.8)kg, P=0.235] of two groups had no significant difference. Univariate analysis revealed age as the only influencing factor for perioperative weight loss ( P=0.036). Fat loss was predominant in the overall weight loss compared with muscle loss ( P=0.026) among patients with gastrointestinal malignant tumors. Conclusion:With parenteral and enteral nutrition support, there is no significant difference in perioperative changes of weight, muscle or fat mass among patients with benign and malignant tumors. Muscle and fat loss both have contributed to the overall weight loss, which is noteworthy.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875878

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction The new technological innovation can have a vast potential for interventions to help weight loss and combat obesity. The current meta-analysis aimed to compare the effectiveness of smartphone applications (apps) with other methods for promoting weight loss. Methods PubMed, Ovid and Science Direct were searched from 2014 all-inclusive up to May 2019 for relevant studies that assessed any smartphone/mobile phone app intervention with anthropometric measurement. Statistical analysis performed to examine mean difference (95% CI) of body weight, body mass index and waist circumference. Six articles were included for meta-analysis. Findings According to the results, compared with conventional or other interventions, smartphone app interventions showed statistically non-significant decreases in body weight, body mass index and waist circumference. Intervention through smartphone apps alone does not produce substantial evidence of weight loss, even though they might be useful for specific groups. Originality/value There remain prospects to explore regarding the use of smartphone apps in combination with other approaches to aid and promote weight loss, as smartphone use has been proven to influence health-related behavioural modification.

15.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e222795, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1346799

ABSTRACT

A alimentação, as práticas de emagrecimento e a cirurgia bariátrica são temas estudados em diferentes concepções, em interface entre as áreas das ciências humanas e da saúde. Este estudo propõe uma aproximação da teoria das Representações Sociais às complexas implicações das práticas de saúde adotadas por pessoas obesas frente aos padrões de beleza socialmente impostos. Objetivou-se compreender as Representações Sociais da alimentação e da cirurgia bariátrica entre 16 pessoas obesas de idades entre 20 e 58 anos e Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC) médio de 38,3kg/m2, com as quais foram realizadas entrevistas com questões abertas sobre a alimentação e a cirurgia bariátrica. Os dados foram analisados por Classificação Hierárquica Descendente por meio do programa IRaMuTeQ. Os resultados indicam que a alimentação assume representações sociais ambíguas, ora voltadas ao prazer ora ao sofrimento pela dificuldade de controle. Quando a obesidade se instala, a cirurgia bariátrica surge como esperança definitiva para a solução dos problemas, além de suscitar, mas, além da esperança, experencia-se também o medo do fracasso e das mudanças decorrentes da intervenção cirúrgica.(AU)


Food, weight loss practices, and bariatric surgery are themes studied under different conceptions on both the fields of the humanities and health. This study aims to approximate the theory of social representations to the implications of health practices adopted by obese people in view of the socially-imposed beauty standards. To understand the Social Representations of food and bariatric surgery, open-questions interviews about eating habits and bariatric surgery were conducted with 16 obese people aged between 20 and 58 years with mean body mass index of 38.3 kg / m2. Data were analyzed by descending hierarchical classification using the IRaMuTeQ program. The results indicate that food has ambiguous social representations, at times related to pleasure and at others to suffering due to the difficulty of control. When obesity sets in, bariatric surgery emerges as the ultimate hope for solving problems; however, along with hope, individuals experience the fear of failure and changes resulting from the surgical intervention.(AU)


La alimentación, las prácticas de adelgazamiento y la cirugía bariátrica son temas abordados en las áreas de las humanidades y la salud desde diferentes enfoques. Este estudio propone una aproximación de la teoría de las representaciones sociales a las complejas implicaciones de las prácticas de salud adoptadas por las personas obesas ante los estándares de belleza impuestos por la sociedad. Su propósito fue comprender las representaciones sociales de la cirugía alimentaria y bariátrica de 16 personas obesas, con edades entre 20 y 58 años e índice de masa corporal (IMC) promedio de 38,3 kg/m2; las cuales participaron de entrevistas con preguntas abiertas sobre la alimentación y la cirugía bariátrica. Los datos se analizaron por clasificación jerárquica descendente utilizando el programa IRaMuTeQ. Los resultados indican que los alimentos tienen representaciones sociales ambiguas, que a veces se convierten en placer y, otras, en sufrimiento debido a la dificultad de control. Cuando la obesidad se instala, la cirugía bariátrica se vuelve una ilusión definitiva como la solución de los problemas, junto con el miedo al fracaso y los cambios resultantes de esta intervención quirúrgica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Reference Standards , Weight Loss , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Bariatric Surgery , Feeding Behavior , Psychology , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Beauty , Body Mass Index , Health , Food , Obesity
16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 732-737, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the safety of continuous suture and interrupted suture in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy and Omentopexy.Methods:The retrospective study include 121 patients who underwent Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy and Omentopexy in the Department of Obesity and Metabolic Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University from January 2019 to March 2020.Among the 121 patients, 40 were males and 81 females, with an average age of (30.17±10.16) and (27.10±11.03), respectively. Among them, 70 patients used continuous suture during OP (continuous suture group), and 51 patients used intermittent suture (interrupted suture group). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative pain score, postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Normally distributed measurement data were measured as (mean ± standard) deviation ( Mean± SD), and t test was used to count the comparison between the two groups. The χ2 test was used to compare the measurement data between groups. The rank data used Wilconxon rank sum test. Results:(1) Intraoperative conditions: the operative time and intraoperative blood loss in the continuous suture group were (124.89±37.69) min and (7.3±2.5) mL, respectively. In the interrupted suture group, the above indexes were (124.80±35.53) min and (7.0±2.5) mL, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( t=0.012, 0.709, P>0.05). (2) Postoperative conditions: postoperative pain score and postoperative hospital stay in the continuous suture group were: mild pain in 45 cases, moderate pain in 25 cases, painless and severe pain in 0 cases, (9.3±3.2) d, respectively. In the interrupted suture group, the above indicators were 39 cases of mild pain, 12 cases of moderate pain, 0 cases of painless and severe pain, (8.7±2.1) d, and there was no statistical significance between the two groups ( Z=-1.431, P>0.05, t=1.149, P>0.05). In the continuous suture group, postoperative abdominal distension occurred in 8 cases, nausea and vomiting in 32 cases, gastroesophageal reflux in 17 cases by upper digestive tract imaging, contrast agent slowly passed through the residual stomach/anastomotic site in 14 cases, gastric volvulus in 6 cases, and no postoperative infection or anastomotic leakage occurred. In the interrupted suture group, the above indexes were 10 cases, 25 cases, 14 cases, 10 cases, gastric volvulus in 1 cases, and no postoperative infection or anastomotic leakage occurred. There was no significant difference in the above indicators between the two groups ( χ2=1.559, 0.010, 0.155, 0.003, 1.308, P>0.05). Conclusions:In laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and omentopexy, there is no significant difference between the continuous suture and interrupted suture in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative complications. The surgeon can choose a suitable suture method based on his own judgment and experience.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of weight loss on endothelial function and cerebrovascular risk factors in obese and overweight people.Methods:A total of 127 obese or overweight subjects received 6-month body weight management. Subjects who lost 3 kg or more than 5% of their body weight prior to the 6-month intervention were defined as achievement group. Endothelial function (FMD) and other cerebrovascular risk factors were measured before and after intensified lifestyle management.Results:The achievement group comprised 57 (44.9%) cases and the non-achievement group 70 (55.1%) cases. After 6-month intervention, FMD (6.98±2.88% vs 7.90±2.96%, P<0.05) and HDL-C increased in the achievement group. Significant decreases were observed in the achievement group in BMI, SBP, DBP, FPG, TC, LDL-C, TG and uric acid. However, only DBP and FPG decreased in the non-achievement group. Conclusion:Weight loss can reverse endothelial dysfunction and metabolic dysfunction. Decrease of body fat ratio contributes to the improvement of endothelial function.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885991

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of acupoint catgut-embedding therapy on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: Twenty-three participants were subjected to acupoint catgut-embedding therapy for 3 sessions. The second session was performed one month after the first session and the third session two months after the second session. Three months after the third session of catgut-embedding therapy, the patients were subjected to fibroscan analysis. A total of 20 acupoints were selected in three sessions. Same acupoints were selected for all the patients at the same session but different points were selected at different sessions.Results: Of the 23 participants, 5 cases showed significant improvement and 8 cases showed moderate improvement as the steatosis stage was reduced by 1 or 2 degrees. The whole group showed significant improvements in terms of patient score, fat percentage, NAFLD steatosis stage, weight loss and abdominal circumference reduction after acupoint catgut-embedding therapy (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The acupoint catgut-embedding therapy can significantly improve the important factors in patients with NAFLD.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881426

ABSTRACT

@#Obesity is a chronic disease which is often relapsing and progressive due in part to the physiology of energy homeostasis in people with obesity, rendering them with the challenge of attaining adequate weight loss and weight maintenance after successful weight loss. Depending on the presence, types and severity of the obesity-related comorbidities (ORCs), some patients will require an amount of weight loss beyond what lifestyle and behavioural modification can achieve. Even after bariatric surgery, patients may not lose the expected amount of weight or experience weight regain. Anti-obesity medications may be required to support them further. Hence, the use of pharmacotherapy in obesity management remains an important adjunct to lifestyle and behavioural modifications and even to bariatric surgery, particularly in those with more severe ORCs and with a high body mass index. This article discusses the general approach to the use of pharmacotherapy in obesity management and the various anti-obesity medications currently approved.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881424

ABSTRACT

@#Obesity is a complex and chronic condition that requires continuing care. A variety of diet plans are available for use in the clinical setting. Exactly what type of diet may be most beneficial remains controversial. Numerous clinical trials have been carried out over the years comparing an array of dietary interventions for weight loss, including calorie restriction diets, altered macronutrient composition diets or specific dietary patterns. This paper will provide an overview of the evidence-based dietary interventions for clinical practice.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL