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1.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 85(4): 382-388, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383825

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: In this study, we aimed to show whether a difference exists between retinal and choroidal microcirculation findings between patients with familial Mediterranean fever and healthy controls. Methods: Thirty-two patients with familial Mediterranean fever and 30 healthy controls were included in the study. All the patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity and intraocular pressure measurement. The AngioVue optical coherence tomography angiography device (Optovue, Fremont, CA) with split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography was used to evaluate and examine the retinal microvascular structure. Three-dimensional en face Optical coherence tomography angiography images were obtained by examining the macula using the 3 x 3 mm scanning protocol in the Angio Retina mode and the optic nerve using the 3 x 3 mm scanning protocol in the Angio Disk mode. All the patients' right eyes were examined. Results: A total of 62 subjects were included in the study, of whom 32 (53.3%) were female and 30 (46.7%) were male. No statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of optic nerve head or radial peripapillary capillary vessel density. On examination, the superficial capillary plexuses were statistically similar between the two groups, but the deep capillary plexus vessel density in the parafovea, superior hemi, temporal, and superior areas were significantly lower in the patients with familial Mediterranean fever. Conclusions: We found that the capillary plexus vessel density was significantly lower in the parafovea, superior hemi, temporal, and superior regions in the patients with familial Mediterranean fever than in the control group. Therefore, OCTA, a noninvasive study, may be useful for understanding the systemic effects of familial Mediterranean fever.


RESUMO Objetivos: Este estudo teve como objetivo mostrar se há diferença entre os achados da microcirculação retiniana e coroidal entre pacientes com febre mediterrânica familiar e um grupo controle saudável. Métodos: Trinta e dois pacientes com febre mediterrânica familiar e 30 controles saudáveis foram incluídos neste estudo. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a um exame oftalmológico completo, incluindo a acuidade visual melhor corrigida e medida da pressão intraocular. O aparelho AngioVue Optical coherence tomography angiography (Optovue, Fremont, CA) com angiografia de correlação de amplitude de espectro dividido foi utilizado para avaliar e examinar a estrutura microvascular da retina. As angiotomografias de coerência ópticas en face tridimensionais foram obtidas examinando o protocolo de varredura macular 3 x 3 mm (modo angio retina) e o nervo óptico com o protocolo de varredura 3 x 3 mm (modo angio-disco). Todos os olhos direitos dos pacientes foram examinados. Resultados: Foram incluídos neste estudo, 62 sujeitos, dos quais 32 (53,3%) eram do sexo feminino e 30 (46,7%) do sexo masculino. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os dois grupos quanto à densidade dos vasos da cabeça do nervo óptico ou da densidade dos vasos capilares peripapilares radiais. Durante o exame, os plexos capilares superficiais foram estatisticamente semelhantes entre esses dois grupos, mas a densidade profunda dos vasos do plexo capilar nas areas parafovea, hemi superior, temporal e superior foram significativamente menores nos pacientes com febre mediterrânica familiar. Conclusões: Verificamos que a densidade dos vasos do plexo capilar foi significativamente menor nas regiões parafovea, hemi superior, temporal e superior em pacientes com febre mediterrânica familiar em comparação com o grupo controle. Portanto, pode ser útil usar a angiotomografia de coerência óptica, por tratar-se de um estudo não invasivo, para melhor compreensão dos efeitos sistêmicos da febre mediterrânica familiar.

2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 85(4): 333-338, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383833

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate inter-eye retinal vessel density and thickness asymmetry in unilateral pseudoexfoliation syndrome and understand its use for the early detection of glaucoma. Methods: Thirty patients with unilateral pseudoexfoliation syndrome were enrolled in our study. Optical coherence tomography angiography macular scans were used measure the retinal vessel density, and optical coherence tomography scans were used to assess the thickness parameters of the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer and the macular ganglion cell complex. Inter-eye asymmetry was determined by taking the absolute value of the difference in the vessel density and thickness parameters between the pseudoexfoliation syndrome eye and fellow eye. Results: The mean patient age was 64.20 ± 7.05 y in the study group. Inter-eye asymmetry in the peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and macular ganglion cell complex measurements were significant in the study group (p=0.03 and p=0.001, respectively). The vessel density of the macular superficial inner region was significantly lower in eyes with pseudoexfoliation syndrome than in fellow eyes (p=0.035). However, there was no inter-eye asymmetry in the central and full region macular superficial vessel density of eyes with pseudoexfoliation syndrome and fellow eyes (p>0.05). Conclusion: Retinal vessel density can be evaluated using optical coherence tomography angiography measurements. There was inter-eye asymmetry in the inner region macular superficial vessel density, peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer, and macular ganglion cell complex thickness of the unilateral pseudoexfoliation syndrome eyes and fellow eyes. Further studies on a larger number of subjects might provide more clarity regarding the relationship between the inter-eye asymmetry of the retinal vessel density and thickness parameters with early detection of glaucomatous damage.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a densidade dos vasos interoculares da retina e assimetria na espessura na síndrome de pseudoexfoliação unilateral e o seu uso para a detecção precoce de glaucoma. Métodos: Trinta pacientes com síndrome de pseudoexfoliação unilateral foram incluídos no estudo. As varreduras maculares de angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica mediram a densidade dos vasos da retina, e as varreduras por tomografia de coerência óptica obtiveram parâmetros de espessura da camada de fibras nervosas da retina peripapilar e do complexo macular de célula ganglionar. A assimetria interocular foi determinada tomando o valor absoluto da diferença entre o olho da síndrome de pseudoexfoliação e o olho oposto nos parâmetros de densidade e espessura dos vasos. Resultados: A média de idade foi 64,20 ± 7,05 anos no grupo de estudo. A assimetria interocular na espessura da camada de fibra nervosa da retina peripapilar e as medidas do complexo macular de célula ganglionar foram estatisticamente significativas no grupo de estudo (p=0,03 e p=0,001, respectivamente). Para os olhos com síndrome de pseudoexfoliação, a densidade do vaso da região macular superficial interna foi significativamente menor do que em olhos opostos (p=0,035). No entanto, não houve assimetria interocular estatisticamente significativa na densidade macular dos vasos superficiais da região central e completa entre os olhos da síndrome de pseudoexfoliação e os olhos opostos (p>0,05). Conclusões: A densidade dos vasos da retina pode ser avaliada por medidas de angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica. Houve assimetria interocular na densidade macular do vaso superficial da região interna, camada de fibra nervosa da retina peripapilar e espessura do complexo macular de célula ganglionar entre olhos com síndrome de pseudoexfoliação unilateral e olhos opostos. Novos estudos com um número maior de indivíduos podem fornecer a relação entre a assimetria interocular da densidade do vaso da retina e os parâmetros de espessura com detecção precoce de dano glaucomatoso.

3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 493-500, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394720

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The goal of this study is to investigate the association between diagnosis and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and Asprosin level. Methods: Patients diagnosed with CAD who underwent conventional coronary angiography for the first time were included in the present study. The patients were divided into four groups, each consisting of 20 individuals, as medical group, single coronary lesion group, double coronary lesion group, and multiple coronary lesions group. Serum Asprosin values and Gensini scores of the groups were compared in terms of compliance. Results: In this study, Asprosin values were found to be significantly higher in the multiple coronary lesions group than in the medical, single coronary, and double coronary lesion groups (P<0.05). In the double coronary lesion group, Asprosin values were significantly higher (P<0.05) than the in the medical and single coronary lesion groups. It was also found that Asprosin values did not differ at significant levels in the medical and single coronary lesion groups (P>0.05). It was determined that the increases in Asprosin values and Gensini scores were compatible with each other. Conclusion: The present study showed that the increases in serum Asprosin levels, along with the increases in the number of coronary arteries with critical stenosis, might be a marker in diagnosing and determining the severity of CAD.

4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 595-598, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394733

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Iatrogenic acute aortic dissections during percutaneous coronary interventions are an extremely rare but potentially life-threatening complication, occurring in less than 0.02% of transcatheter procedures. We report three patients with different characteristics suffering from iatrogenic aortic dissection during percutaneous coronary intervention successfully treated with an emergency open-heart surgery. A conservative strategy should be pursuit only in small, localized lesions.

5.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 86(2): 115-123, jun. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387609

ABSTRACT

Resumen Para la reconstrucción y el tratamiento de anomalías que comprometen la aorta torácica pueden emplearse diversas técnicas quirúrgicas abiertas, las cuales estarán determinadas por la patología que presente el paciente. La angiotomografía computada multicorte (ATCMC) es el método de elección para su control y seguimiento. El médico radiólogo debe estar familiarizado con las técnicas quirúrgicas empleadas (Wheat, Bentall de Bono, Cabrol, entre otras), con las reparaciones estructurales que se realizan y con los materiales protésicos utilizados con el fin de evitar una interpretación errónea de las imágenes. El fieltro espontáneamente hiperdenso, los conductos protésicos y sus anastomosis, tanto con la aorta como con los grandes vasos, puede generar errores en el informe final y en el diagnóstico.


Abstract Multiple surgical techniques can be used for the reconstruction and treatment of abnormalities that compromise the thoracic aorta, which will be determined by the patient’s pathology. Multislice computed tomography angiography is the method of choice for their control and monitoring. The radiologist should be familiar with the surgical techniques used (Wheat, Bentall de Bono, and Cabrol, among others), as well as with the structural repairs that are performed and the prosthetic materials used in order to avoid an erroneous interpretation of the images. Spontaneously hyperdense felt, the prosthetic ducts and their anastomosis, both with the aorta and the large vessels, can generate pitfalls in the final report and error in the diagnosis.

6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 321-327, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376551

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The objective of this study is to evaluate the left ventricular systolic function of patients with coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) using the three-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging (3D-STI) technique. Methods: From June 2018 to June 2019,72 subjects from Huzhou Central Hospital were enrolled, including 42 CMD in-patients with typical chest pain or chest tightness and positive treadmill exercise stress test, but without coronary stenosis on coronary angiography, (the CMD group) and another 30 healthy individuals who were undergoing physical examinations in an outpatient clinic (the control group). Using 3D-STI technique, the global longitudinal strain (GLS), global radial strain (GRS), global circumferential strain (GCS), global area strain (GAS), and left ventricle were measured. Results: Compared with the control group, GLS and GAS were significantly reduced in the CMD group (P<0.05), while GRS and GCS were similar in both groups (P>0.05). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that GLS and GAS were the influencing factors of CMD. For the diagnosis of CMD, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of GLS was 0.883, and the area under the ROC curve of GAS was 0.875. GAS of -29.3% (log-rank test chi-square=34.245, P<0.001) was a strong predictor of major adverse cardiac events. Conclusion: 3D-STI technique has obvious advantages in the evaluation of the left ventricular systolic function for CMD patients. Moreover, 3D-STI parameters, especially GLS and GAS, can detect the early abnormal changes in the ischaemic myocardium. Being timelier and more sensitive than echocardiography, 3D-STI should be recommended for clinical application.

7.
Radiol. bras ; 55(3): 156-160, May-june 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387084

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the degree of coronary stenosis (≥ 50% luminal narrowing) determined by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) with that determined by invasive coronary angiography (ICA), using segment-by-segment analysis. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of the records of patients who underwent CCTA and ICA between January 2014 and June 2018 at a general hospital in Brazil. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was applied, and the areas under the curve were used in order to assess the overall accuracy of the methods. Results: The degree of coronary stenosis was evaluated in a total of 844 arterial segments. The diagnostic performance of CCTA was good, with a sensitivity of 82.3%, a specificity of 96.4%, and a negative predictive value of 97.7% (95% CI: 96.5-98.5). In the segment-by-segment analysis, CCTA had excellent accuracy for the left main coronary artery and for other segments. Conclusion: In clinical practice at general hospitals, CCTA appears to have diagnostic performance comparable to that of ICA.


Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo é comparar os graus de estenose coronariana (≥ 50% de redução luminal) determinados pela tomografia computadorizada e pelo cateterismo, utilizando uma análise segmento a segmento. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo conduzido em pacientes que foram submetidos a tomografia computadorizada e a cateterismo, de janeiro de 2014 a junho de 2018, em um hospital geral. A análise da curva característica de operação do receptor foi utilizada para a análise da acurácia. Resultados: Na avaliação dos vasos, em um total de 844 segmentos, o desempenho da tomografia computadorizada foi bom, com sensibilidade de 82,3%, especificidade de 96,4% e valor preditivo negativo de 97,7% (IC 95%: 96,5-98,5). Na análise segmento a segmento, o tronco da coronária esquerda, assim como outros segmentos, apresentaram excelente acurácia. Conclusão: A tomografia computadorizada mostrou bom desempenho diagnóstico quando comparada com o cateterismo na prática diária de um hospital geral.

8.
Radiol. bras ; 55(3): 161-166, May-june 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387085

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Mensurar os tempos de trânsito de contraste (TTCs) entre o sítio de injeção em veia antecubital e a veia cava superior, tronco arterial pulmonar e aorta ascendente em exames de tomografia computadorizada de artérias coronárias de pacientes sem história de doenças cardiovasculares ou pulmonares, definindo padrões de normalidade para esses tempos de circulação. Materiais e Métodos: Os TTCs entre o sítio de injeção e a veia cava superior, tronco arterial pulmonar e aorta ascendente foram medidos com base nas imagens de monitoração (bolus tracking). O débito cardíaco foi calculado com base nas imagens de angiotomografia computadorizada pelo método geométrico e correlacionado com os TTCs. Resultados: Foram analisados 43 pacientes. O TTC médio entre o tronco arterial pulmonar e a aorta ascendente foi de 7,2 s, entre a veia cava superior e o tronco arterial pulmonar foi de 3 s e entre a veia antecubital e a aorta ascendente foi de 13 s. Houve tendência a correlação entre o TTC e o débito cardíaco, com valor de p de 0,055. Conclusão: Os valores de normalidade do TTC entre a veia cava superior, tronco arterial pulmonar e aorta ascendente foram estabelecidos, servindo de base para avaliação clínica.


Abstract Objective: To measure the transit times (TTs) of contrast agents among the injection site (antecubital vein), superior vena cava, pulmonary trunk, and ascending aorta, in coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) examinations of outpatients with no history of cardiovascular or lung disease, thus defining reference values for those TTs. Materials and Methods: The contrast TTs from the injection site (antecubital vein) to the superior vena cava, from the superior vena cava to the pulmonary trunk, and from the pulmonary trunk to the ascending aorta were measured by monitoring contrast enhancement in real time (bolus tracking). Cardiac output was measured by the geometric method during the CTA examination and was correlated with the contrast TT. Results: Forty-three individuals were analyzed. The mean contrast TT was 13.1 s overall (from the antecubital vein to the ascending aorta), 3.0 s from the superior vena cava to the pulmonary trunk, and 7.2 s from the pulmonary trunk to the ascending aorta. There was a tendency toward a correlation between contrast TT and cardiac output (p = 0.055). Conclusion: The reference values established here for contrast TTs among the superior vena cava, pulmonary trunk, and ascending aorta will serve as a basis for clinical evaluation.

10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 85(3): 297-300, May-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383806

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Combined hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium is a rare, benign intraocular tumor. Hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium has been described in the literature as a condition presenting with variable retinal damage, ranging from partial epiretinal involvement to complete distortion of the retinal layers and retinal pigment epithelium. We report the case of an 8-year-old girl presenting with longstanding strabismus who was diagnosed with Hamartoma of the retina and retinal pigment epithelium based on multimodal imaging assessment. We explored the particular imaging findings from studies using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, optical coherence tomography angiography, and fluorescein angiography.


RESUMO O hamartoma combinado de retina e epitélio pigmentar da retina consiste em um tumor intraocular raro com comportamento benigno. O hamartoma combinado de retina e epitélio pigmentar da retina foi descrito na literatura apresentando dano retiniano variável, desde o envolvimento epirretiniano parcial até distorção completa das camadas retinianas e do epitélio pigmentar da retina. Relatamos o caso de uma menina de 8 anos com estrabismo de longa data que foi diagnosticada com hamartoma combinado de retina e epitélio pigmentar da retina, com base na avaliação de imagem multimodal. Exploramos os achados de imagem específicos de estudos usando tomografia de coerência óptica de domínio espectral, autofluorescência, angiografia por tomografia de coerência óptica e angiografia fluorescente.

11.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 86(1): 30-40, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376427

ABSTRACT

Resumen Desde la introducción del concepto de «angiosomas¼ se describieron las arterias perforantes y su potencial para el uso en colgajos. La angiotomografía es un método excelente para la valoración preoperatoria en cirugías reconstructivas y es clave en la valoración prequirúrgica. Es un estudio multidisciplinario en cuyo análisis participan el radiólogo y el cirujano plástico. Es importante incluir en el reporte radiológico el origen de la arteria, detallar su curso, cuantificar el calibre y determinar su emergencia para facilitar al cirujano la planeación prequirúrgica y la realización del procedimiento quirúrgico. Otra de las principales ventajas es que el uso de este método disminuye los tiempos quirúrgicos y las posibles complicaciones de las cirugías reconstructivas. El radiólogo debe estar familiarizado con los tipos de colgajos más comúnmente utilizados, la anatomía de las arterias y sus perforantes para guiar al cirujano en la planeación prequirúrgica y la toma de decisiones.


Abstract Since the introduction of the concept of "angiosomes", the perforating arteries and their potential for use in flaps was described. Angiotomography is an excellent imaging modality for preoperative evaluation in reconstructive surgery and is very important in presurgical assessment. This imaging technique requires a multidisciplinary approach in which the radiologist and the plastic surgeon participate. The radiological report must include the origin of the artery, detail it's course, quantify the caliber and determine the position where it emerges through the fascial plane to give the surgeon the possible information in presurgical planning and surgical procedure. The main advantage of this technique is the reduction of surgical timing and possible complications. The radiologist should be familiar with the most commonly used types of flaps, the anatomy of the arteries and their perforators to guide the plastic surgeon in presurgical planning and decision making.

12.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 29(2): 248-254, ene.-abr. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376887

ABSTRACT

Resumen La disección espontánea de la arteria coronaria es una causa no aterosclerótica de infarto de miocardio, la cual es más común en mujeres jóvenes con pocos o ningún factor de riesgo cardiovascular. Es infrecuente, no se asocia a iatrogenia ni trauma, y se presenta por acumulación espontánea de sangre entre las capas de la pared arterial coronaria, por ruptura de la íntima; de ahí que genera una falsa luz que produce compresión externa del verdadero lumen arterial, con lo cual altera el flujo sanguíneo coronario y ocluye la arteria comprometida. Se expone el caso de una mujer de 31 años, sin factores de riesgo cardiovascular, quien ingresó a un servicio de urgencias con dolor torácico típico, de 2 horas de evolución. En el electrocardiograma se apreció elevación del segmento ST en las derivaciones de la cara anteroseptal e inferior, y troponina T de alta sensibilidad positiva, por lo que se realizó terapia trombolítica con tenecteplasa, sin obtener criterios de reperfusión. Se hizo angiografía coronaria, la cual mostró obstrucción total de la arteria coronaria descendente anterior en el tercio medio. El ultrasonido intravascular documentó flap de disección y hematoma en este segmento, los cuales confirmaron la disección coronaria espontánea. Se realizó angioplastia con implante de stent coronario y se restableció la circulación, observando mejoría de los síntomas.


Abstract Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a non-atherosclerotic cause of myocardial infarction, more frequent in young women with few or no cardiovascular risk factors, it is infrequent, and it is not associated with iatrogenesis or trauma. It occurs due to spontaneous accumulation of blood between the layers of the coronary artery wall, due to rupture of the intima, generating a false lumen that produces external compression of the true arterial lumen, altering coronary blood flow, occluding the compromised artery. It is presented the case of a 31-year-old woman with no cardiovascular risk factors, who was admitted to an emergency department, with typical chest pain of 2 hours of evolution, showing ST-segment elevation in leads of anteroseptal and inferior face on the electrocardiogram and troponin T with high sensitivity positive. Therefore, thrombolytic therapy was performed with tenecteplase, without obtaining reperfusion criteria. Coronary angiography was performed that demonstrates total obstruction of the anterior descending coronary artery in the middle third. Intravascular ultrasound documents the dissection flap and hematoma in this segment that confirm spontaneous coronary dissection, performing angioplasty with implantation of a coronary stent, restoring circulation with improvement of symptoms.

13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(3): 413-416, Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376122

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of aortic arch anomaly in COVID-19 patients and to determine whether it will be included in the risk classification. METHODS: The study was retrospectively conducted in a third-level hospital by scanning the contrast-enhanced thoracic computed tomography and thoracic computed tomography angiography examinations of patients who received PCR (+), hospitalization, and known COVID pneumonia between March 2020 and July 2021. The study consists of 88 cases and 88 control groups. RESULTS: The study found that the frequency of aortic arch anomaly was higher in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and in male patients with bovine-type anomaly. CONCLUSIONS: The higher prevalence of bovine arch anomaly in COVID patients may be considered a risk factor for COVID-19 in individuals with this type of vascular anomaly.

15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(3): 607-613, mar. 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364344

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A ventriculografia esquerda é um método invasivo para avaliar a função sistólica do ventrículo esquerdo. Depois do advento de métodos não invasivos, o seu uso tem sido questionado por resultar em algum risco para o paciente. Objetivos Avaliar quais fatores associam-se independentemente com a decisão de realizar ventriculografia em pacientes com doença arterial coronariana. Métodos Tratou-se de um estudo analítico, retrospectivo, avaliando prontuários eletrônicos e banco de dados e comparando 21 variáveis de interesse pré-definidas entre pacientes submetidos a cineangiocoronariografia. Foi considerado significante p < 0,05. Resultados Avaliamos 600 pacientes consecutivos, e a ventriculografia esquerda foi realizada na maioria dos pacientes submetidos a uma cineangiocoronariografia (54%). Depois da análise multivariada, os pacientes com síndromes coronarianas crônicas ( odds ratio [OR] 1,72; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC 95%]: 1,20-2,46; p < 0,01) tiveram maior chance de serem submetidos ao procedimento. Os pacientes com função ventricular conhecida (OR = 0,58; IC 95%: 0,40-0,85; p < 0,01), os revascularizados (OR 0,31; IC 95% 0,14-0,69; p < 0,01), os hipertensos (OR 0,58; IC 95%: 0,36-0,94; p = 0,02) e aqueles com maiores valores de creatinina (OR 0,42; IC 95% 0,26-0,69; p < 0,01) tiveram maior chance de não realizar ventriculografia. Conclusões Nos pacientes submetidos a cineangiocoronariografia, o diagnóstico de síndrome coronariana crônica associou-se de modo independente com uma maior realização da técnica, enquanto ter a função ventricular previamente conhecida, ser hipertenso, ter sido submetido a revascularização cirúrgica prévia e ter valores de creatinina mais elevados associaram-se a uma maior chance de não realizar o método.


Abstract Background Left ventriculography is an invasive method for assessment of left ventricular systolic function. Since the advent of noninvasive methods, its use has been questioned, as it carries some risk to the patient. Objective To assess which factors are independently associated with the decision to perform ventriculography in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods Analytical, retrospective, database review study of electronic medical records comparing 21 predefined variables of interest among patients undergoing coronary angiography. P-values <0.05 were considered significant. Results We evaluated 600 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography. Left ventriculography was performed in the majority of cases (54%). After multivariate analysis, patients with chronic coronary syndrome (OR 1.72; 95% CI: 1.20-2.46; p < 0.01) were more likely to undergo the procedure. Patients with known ventricular function (OR 0.58; 95% CI: 0.40-0.85; p < 0.01); those with a history of CABG (OR 0.31; 95% CI: 0.14-0.69; p < 0.01) or hypertension (OR 0.58; 95% CI: 0.36-0.94; p = 0.02); and those with higher creatinine levels (OR 0.42; 95% CI: 0.26-0.69; p < 0.01) had greater odds of not undergoing ventriculography. Conclusions In patients undergoing coronary angiography, a diagnosis of chronic coronary syndrome was independently associated with greater likelihood of left ventriculography, while having previously determined ventricular function, a history of hypertension or CABG, and higher creatinine levels were associated with a decreased likelihood of undergoing this procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Coronary Angiography , Heart
16.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 75-79, mar. 2022. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362712

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas de las arterias coronarias (AAC) son poco comunes, con una incidencia de 0.3-5.3%. Se definen como una dilatación 1.5 veces mayor al diámetro interno de la arteria normal adyacente. La arteria coronaria derecha es la más comúnmente afectada. Su fisiopatología es poco clara, pero se cree que una de sus principales causas es la aterosclerosis. Los AAC son generalmente asintomáticos o pueden estar asociados a isquemia miocárdica. Su tratamiento aún no está bien establecido, debido al desconocimiento general sobre su historia natural, e incluye desde un manejo conservador hasta el tratamiento quirúrgico. A continuación, se reporta el caso de un paciente con infarto agudo de miocardio y elevación del segmento ST, llevado a coronariografía que evidenció aneurisma de la coronaria derecha, que requirió trombectomía, angioplastia y manejo médico vitalicio ambulatorio.


Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) are a rare entity with an incidence of 0.3-5.3%. They are dilations of 1.5 times larger than normal adjacent artery, with the right coronary artery as the most affected vessel. Its pathophysiology is unclear but atherosclerosis is believed to be the main cause. CAA are generally asymptomatic but can cause coronary ischemia. Its treatment is yet to be established due to general ignorance about its nature. It ranges from conservative management to surgery. In the following text, we report a case of a patient with acute myocardial infarction presenting ST-segment elevation, who showed a right coronary artery aneurysm in coronary angiography. The patient required thrombectomy, angioplasty and subsequent lifetime outpatient medical management.


Os aneurismas das artérias coronárias (AAC) são pouco comuns, com uma incidência de 0.3-5.3%. Se definem como uma dilatação 1.5 vezes maior ao diâmetro interno da artéria normal adjacente. A artéria coronária direita é a mais comumente afetada. Sua fisiopatologia é pouco clara, mas se crê que uma das suas principais causas é a aterosclerose. Os AAC são geralmente assintomáticos ou podem estar associados a isquemia miocárdica. Seu tratamento ainda não está bem estabelecido, devido ao desconhecimento geral sobre sua história natural, e inclui desde um manejo conservador até o tratamento cirúrgico. A continuação, se reporta o caso de um paciente com infarto agudo de miocárdio e elevação do segmento ST, levado a coronariografia que evidenciou aneurisma da coronária direita, que requereu trombectomia, angioplastia e manejo médico vitalício ambulatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aneurysm , Coronary Angiography , Myocardial Ischemia , Angioplasty , Coronary Vessels , Myocardial Infarction
17.
J. Transcatheter Interv ; 30: eA20220010, 20220101. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396123

ABSTRACT

As anomalias congênitas e, dentre elas, as variações anatômicas das artérias coronarianas, embora pouco frequentes, são cada vez mais estudadas e diagnosticadas devido à estreita relação de sintomas, tais quais angina, dispneia, síncope ou arritmias em pessoas jovens sem comorbidades. Este trabalho teve como objetivo principal apresentar o estudo de caso de um paciente com sintomas isquêmicos secundários à malformação de uma artéria coronariana. Descrevem-se o momento da admissão do paciente, o diagnóstico mediante exames complementares e a resolução terapêutica do caso. As fístulas coronarianas, apesar de terem uma baixa incidência entre as cardiopatias congênitas, tornaram-se cada vez mais frequentes, sendo melhor caraterizadas devido aos novos métodos diagnósticos.


Congenital anomalies and within them anatomical variations of coronary arteries, although uncommon, are being increasingly studied and diagnosed due to the close relationship of symptoms such as angina, dyspnea, syncope or arrhythmias in young people without comorbidities. This study aimed to present the case report of a patient with ischemic symptoms secondary to malformation of a coronary artery. We describe the moment of patient admission, diagnosis by complementary tests and therapeutic resolution of the case. Coronary fistulas, despite having a low incidence among congenital heart diseases, have become increasingly frequent, being better characteristic due to new diagnostic methods.

18.
Sudan j. med. sci ; 17(3): 377-386, 2022. tales, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398225

ABSTRACT

Hepatobiliary surgery through laparoscopic approach is becoming a routine. Knowledge of extrahepatic arterial tree is essential for surgical and imaging procedures. Anatomical complexity is expected since the liver is developed by mergingof lobules with its separate blood supply. This makes a wide range of variations in the pattern of vascular arrangement and so reinforces the need for an accurate understanding of full spectrum of variations. This study aimed to investigate the variations in origin and distribution of extrahepatic arterial supply. Fifty volunteers (32 males and 18 females) aged 20­70 years were randomly recruited from the department of CT scan in Al Amal Hospital, Khartoum North, Sudan. The patients were already candidates for CT angiography with contrast for conditions other than hepatobiliary diseases. The reported data is related to those who accepted to participate in the study. Patients with history of hepatobiliary disease were excluded. 3D views of the scans were treated and the extrahepatic arterial tree was traced in a computer-based software. Key findings suggest that Michel's classification was considered the standard template for description ­ 76% of them showed Michel's type I classification. Types III and V constituted about 2%. About 4% of the cases were represented by types VI and IX. Other types of variations constituted about 12%. To conclude, although type I classification which describes the textbook pattern of hepatic artery distribution was significantly detected among the Sudanese population, other variants were to be considered since they are related to major arteries like aorta and superior mesenteric.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hepatic Artery , Liver Diseases , Periodicity , Digestive System Diseases , Computed Tomography Angiography
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927640

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We wanted to investigate the radial peripapillary capillary (RPC) network in patients with Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD).@*METHODS@#We compared RPC densities in the disk and different peripapillary regions, obtained using optical coherence tomography angiography in 22 patients with BCD (37 eyes) and 22 healthy subjects (37 eyes). The BCD group was then divided into Stage 2 and Stage 3 subgroups based on Yuzawa staging, comparing the RPC densities of the two.@*RESULTS@#The disk area RPC density was 38.8% ± 6.3% in the BCD group and 49.2% ± 6.1% in the control group ( P < 0.001), and peripapillary region RPC density was significantly lower in the BCD group than in the control group (49.1% ± 4.7% and 54.1% ± 3.0%, respectively, P < 0.001). There were no significant RPC density differences between the tempo quadrant and inside disk of Stages 2 and 3 subgroups; the other areas showed a significantly lower RPC density in Stage 3 than in Stage 2 BCD.@*CONCLUSION@#The BCD group RPC density was significantly lower than the control group. The reduction of RPC density in the tempo quadrant occurred mainly in the Stage 1 BCD. In contrast, the reduction of RPC density in superior, inferior, and nasal quadrants occurred mainly in Stage 2.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angiography , Corneal Dystrophies, Hereditary/physiopathology , Female , Humans , Male , Microvascular Density , Microvessels/physiopathology , Middle Aged , Retinal Diseases/physiopathology , Retinal Vessels/physiopathology , Tomography, Optical Coherence
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 990-996, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924219

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the changes of retinal optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)vessel density in Patients with Alzheimer's disease(AD)by Meta-analysis, and to explore the value of OCTA in early diagnosis of AD patients.<p>METHODS: Embase, PubMed and Cochrane Library data were searched from January 2016 to September 2021 for relevant studies on vessel density in macular area of AD patients. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted the data, and evaluated the risk of inclusion bias using Newcastle-Ottawa Scale(NOS). Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software.<p>RESULTS: A total of 740 cases(eyes)were included in 10 literatures, including 321 cases from the AD group and 419 cases from the control group(age-matched people with normal cognitive abilities). The results of the Meta-analysis showed that the superficial vessel density in macular area of AD patients was lower than that in control group(<i>MD</i>=-1.58, 95%<i>CI</i> -2.60- -0.55, <i>P</i>=0.003). The deep vessel density in macular area of AD patients was lower than that in control group(<i>MD</i>=-2.72, 95%<i>CI</i> -4.36- -1.07, <i>P</i>=0.001). The parafoveal vessel density in AD patients was lower than that in control group(<i>MD</i>=-1.44, 95%<i>CI</i> -1.94- -0.94, <i>P</i><0.00001). The avascular area in the fovea of AD patients was slightly larger than that of the control group(<i>MD</i>=0.05, 95%<i>CI</i> -0.01-0.11, <i>P</i>=0.13).<p>CONCLUSION: The vessel density of each layer in macular area of AD patients were lower than that of control groups the difference was statistically significant. OCTA can assist in the early diagnosis of AD.

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