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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246592, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339408

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for application in cell therapy and tissue engineering procedures because of their plasticity and capacity to differentiate into different cell types. Given the widespread use of MSCs, it is necessary to better understand some properties related to osteogenic differentiation, particularly those linked to biomaterials used in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to develop an analysis method using FT-Raman spectroscopy for the identification and quantification of biochemical components present in conditioned culture media derived from MSCs with or without induction of osteogenic differentiation. All experiments were performed between passages 3 and 5. For this analysis, MSCs were cultured on scaffolds composed of bioresorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymers. MSCs (GIBCO®) were inoculated onto the pure polymers and 75:25 PHBV/PCL blend (dense and porous samples). The plate itself was used as control. The cells were maintained in DMEM (with low glucose) containing GlutaMAX® and 10% FBS at 37oC with 5% CO2 for 21 days. The conditioned culture media were collected and analyzed to probe for functional groups, as well as possible molecular variations associated with cell differentiation and metabolism. The method permitted to identify functional groups of specific molecules in the conditioned medium such as cholesterol, phosphatidylinositol, triglycerides, beta-subunit polypeptides, amide regions and hydrogen bonds of proteins, in addition to DNA expression. In the present study, FT-Raman spectroscopy exhibited limited resolution since different molecules can express similar or even the same stretching vibrations, a fact that makes analysis difficult. There were no variations in the readings between the samples studied. In conclusion, FT-Raman spectroscopy did not meet expectations under the conditions studied.


Resumo As células-tronco mesenquimais (MSCs) possuem grande potencial para aplicação em procedimentos terapêuticos ligados a terapia celular e engenharia de tecidos, considerando-se a plasticidade e capacidade de formação em diferentes tipos celulares por elas. Dada a abrangência no emprego das MSCs, há necessidade de se compreender melhor algumas propriedades relacionadas à diferenciação osteogênica, particularmente liga à biomateriais usados em engenharia de tecidos. Este projeto objetiva o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia de análise empregando-se a FT-Raman para identificação e quantificação de componentes bioquímicos presentes em meios de cultura condicionados por MSCs, com ou sem indução à diferenciação osteogênica. Todos os experimentos foram realizados entre as passagens 3 e 5. Para essas análises, as MSCs foram cultivadas sobre arcabouços de polímeros biorreabsorvíveis de poli (hidroxibutirato-co-hidroxivalerato) (PHBV) e o poli (ε-caprolactona) (PCL). As MSCs (GIBCO®) foram inoculadas nos polímeros puros e na mistura 75:25 de PHBV / PCL (amostras densas e porosas). As células foram mantidas em DMEM (com baixa glicose) contendo GlutaMAX® e 10% de SFB a 37oC com 5% de CO2 por 21 dias. A própria placa foi usada como controle. Os meios de cultura condicionados foram coletados e analisadas em FT-Raman para sondagem de grupos funcionais, bem como possíveis variações moleculares associadas com a diferenciação e metabolismo celular. Foi possível discernir grupos funcionais de moléculas específicas no meio condicionado, como colesterol, fosfatidilinositol, triglicerídeos, forma Beta de polipeptídeos, regiões de amida e ligações de hidrogênio de proteínas, além da expressão de DNA. Na presente avaliação, a FT-Raman apresentou como uma técnica de resolução limitada, uma vez que modos vibracionais de estiramento próximos ou mesmo iguais podem ser expressos por moléculas diferente, dificultando a análise. Não houve variações nas leituras entre as amostras estudadas, concluindo-se que a FT-Raman não atendeu às expectativas nas condições estudadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Polyesters , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Culture Media, Conditioned , Cell Proliferation , Tissue Scaffolds
2.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 19-23, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392286

ABSTRACT

En el campo de la odontología, prevalecen actualmente alternativas terapéuticas con una filosofía conservadora. Sin embargo, con el advenimiento de los tratamientos con células madre (CM), se amplían las posibilidades terapéuticas, que buscan la combinación y el equilibrio entre la intervención tradicional y las posibilidades de reposición de estructuras anatómicas dañadas, a través de la regeneración de tejidos utilizando células madre o sus derivados (AU)


In the dentistry field, therapeutic alternatives with a conservative philosophy currently prevail. However, with the advent of stem cell (SC) treatments, therapeutic possibilities are expanding, seeking a combination and balance between traditional intervention and the pos- sibility of replacing damaged anatomical structures through tissue regeneration, using stem cells or their derivatives (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Periodontal Ligament/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Tooth/cytology , Tooth Germ/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds , COVID-19/therapy
3.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 2(58): 115-134, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390941

ABSTRACT

A reabilitação de maxila atrófica se apresenta ainda nos dias de hoje como um desafio anatômico/fisiológico para os profissionais da área odontológica que visam buscar a instalação de implantes para futuras reabilitações protéticas, tendo em vista o grau de dificuldade de reconstituição do rebordo alveolar perdido. Com o intuito de reabilitar essas maxilas frente às adversidades, diferentes técnicas são propostas tais como enxertos ósseos autógenos, homógenos, substitutos ósseos alógenos, xenógenos e aloplásticos e suas respectivas técnicas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi apresentar um relato de caso clínico, no qual duas técnicas de reconstituição de rebordo alveolar de hemi-arco foram realizadas na mesma maxila utilizando biomaterial em bloco, visando comparar os resultados histológicos e clínicos. Após 5 meses da realização da enxertia, foi coletado material dos enxertos alveolares bilateralmente utilizando-se brocas trefinas para estudo histológico. Através da metodologia empregada, pode-se observar maior formação de estrutura óssea no lado em que foi praticada a metodologia transplantes celular odontológico (TCO), que preconiza a associação de sangue medular mandibular ao biomaterial, em relação a técnica contralateral em que utilizou a metodologia convencional, que preconiza a associação ao biomaterial do sangue periférico. Pode-se observar através da metodologia empregada que a utilização de biomateriais potencializados com sangue medular mandibular apresentou maior crescimento de estrutura óssea, incrementando em torno de 35% a mais na neoformação.de osso vital.


The rehabilitation of atrophic maxilla is still presented today as an anatomical/physiological challenge for professionals in the dental field who aim to seek the installation of implants for future prosthetic rehabilitations, in view of the degree of difficulty in reconstituting the lost alveolar ridge. In order to rehabilitate these jaws in the face of adversity, different techniques are proposed such as autogenous, homogenous bone grafts, allogeneic, xenogenous and alloplastic bone substitutes and their respective techniques. The aim of this study was to present a clinical case report, in which two hemi-arch alveolar ridge reconstruction techniques were performed in the same maxilla using biomaterial en bloc, in order to compare the histological and clinical results. After 5 months of grafting, material was collected from the alveolar grafts bilaterally using trephine burs for histological study. Through the used methodology, it was possible to see greater bone formation of structure on the side in which the dental cell transplantation (TCO) methodology was practiced, which advocates the association of mandibular medullary blood to the biomaterial, in relation to the contralateral technique in which the methodology was used conventional method, which advocates the association with peripheral blood biomaterial. It can be observed through the used methodology that the use of biomaterials potentiated with mandibular medullary blood showed greater growth of bone structure, increasing around 35% more in the neoformation of vital bone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Maxilla
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929475

ABSTRACT

@#The development of osteoinductive bone-filling biomaterials for bone regeneration is of great significance.Self-assembled peptide hydrogels with high biomimetic extracellular matrix structure, low immunogenicity, easy synthesis and modification, and flexible loading capacity provide a highly efficient therapeutic platform for bone tissue repair.Herein, we discuss the design principles of self-assembled peptide hydrogels, report the structural characteristics and assembly mechanisms of self-assembled peptides, and highlight recent advances in self-assembled peptide hydrogels for bone regeneration, including delivery to cells , bone morphogenetic proteins, active factors and small molecular substances.Finally, the bottleneck and development direction of self-assembled peptide hydrogels are pointed out, aiming to provide guidance for the construction of hydrogel delivery systems with high osteogenic properties.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939633

ABSTRACT

For the damage and loss of tissues and organs caused by urinary system diseases, the current clinical treatment methods have limitations. Tissue engineering provides a therapeutic method that can replace or regenerate damaged tissues and organs through the research of cells, biological scaffolds and biologically related molecules. As an emerging manufacturing technology, three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology can accurately control the biological materials carrying cells, which further promotes the development of tissue engineering. This article reviews the research progress and application of 3D bioprinting technology in tissue engineering of kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra. Finally, the main current challenges and future prospects are discussed.


Subject(s)
Bioprinting , Regeneration , Technology , Tissue Engineering/methods
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923020

ABSTRACT

Hyaluronic acid is widely present in the human body. It is an important component of extracellular matrix. It has unique hydrodynamic properties, good viscoelasticity and strain properties. At present, hyaluronic acid has been widely used in biomaterials, targeted-drug preparations, cosmetics and prevention of adhesion after abdominal surgery. With the expansion of the application scope of hyaluronic acid and the continuous emergence of new medical materials, the research on hyaluronic acid has been increasing in recent years. This paper reviews the clinical application of hyaluronic acid and its mechanism, in order to provide reference for the further development and safe application of hyaluronic acid products.

7.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 28: e20210056, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360567

ABSTRACT

The association of scaffolds to repair extensive bone defects can contribute to their evolution and morphophysiological recomposition. The incorporation of particulate biomaterials into three-dimensional fibrin bioproducts together with photobiomodulation therapy (PBM) has potential and can improve regenerative medicine procedures. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of PBM therapy on critical size defects filled with xenogenic bone substitute associated with fibrin biopolymer. Methods: A critical defect of 8 mm was performed in 36 Wistar male adult rats that were divided into four groups. Groups BC and BC-PBM were defined as controls with defects filled by a clot (without or with PBM, respectively) and groups XS and XS-PBM that comprised those filled with biocomplex Bio-OssTM in association with fibrin biopolymer. PBM was applied immediately after the surgery and three times a week every other day, with the parameters: wavelength of 830 nm, energy density 6.2 J/cm2, output power 30 mW, beam area of 0.116 cm2, irradiance 0.258,62 W/cm2, energy/point 0.72 J, total energy 2.88 J. Fourteen and 42 days after the surgery, animals were euthanatized and subjected to microtomography, qualitative and quantitative histological analysis. Results: The BC-PBM and XS-PBM groups had a similar evolution in the tissue repair process, with a higher density of the volume of new formed bone in relation to the groups without PBM (p = 0.04086; p = 0.07093, respectively). Intense vascular proliferation and bone deposition around the biomaterial particles were observed in the animals of the groups in which biocomplex was applied (XS and XS-PBM). Conclusion: PBM therapy allowed an improvement in the formation of new bone, with a more organized deposition of collagen fibers in the defect area. Biocomplex favored the insertion and permanence of the particulate material in bone defects, creating a favorable microenvironment for accelerate repair process.(AU)


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Biopolymers , Collagen , Low-Level Light Therapy
8.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 83-95, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345517

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the bone repair in surgical defects of rats treated with hyaluronic acid (HA) associated or not with Hevea brasiliensis fraction protein (F-1). Bone defect were created in 15 albino Wistar rats divided into 3 groups (n=5): Control group (1) - blood clot; HA group (2) - 0.5% hyaluronic acid; HAF1 group (3) - 0.1% F-1 protein fraction dissolved in 0.5% hyaluronic acid. After 4 weeks, the animals were euthanized and the bone repair was evaluated through histomorphometric analysis, zymography and immunohistochemistry. The neoformed bone area did not show a significant difference (p = 0.757), but there was a tendency for bone trabeculation to increase in the groups HA and HAF1. For immunohistochemically analysis, there was a difference in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) labeling (p = 0.023), being higher in the groups HA and HAF1 than the control group. No significant difference in bone sialoprotein (BSP) (p = 0.681), osteocalcin (p = 0.954), however, significant difference in platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD-31) (p = 0.040), with HAF1 group being significantly lower than the control. For zymographic analysis, there was no significant difference for metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) (p = 0.068), but there was a tendency to increase MMP-2 in the HA group. Despite the influence on angiogenic factors and the apparent tendency for greater trabeculation in the HA and HAF1 groups, there was no significant difference in the area of ​​newly formed bone tissue in the analyzed period.


Resumo Este estudo avaliou o reparo ósseo em defeitos cirúrgicos de ratos tratados com ácido hialurônico (AH) associado ou não à fração proteica de Hevea brasiliensis (F-1). Foram criados defeitos ósseos em 15 ratos albinos Wistar divididos em 3 grupos (n = 5): Grupo controle (1) - coágulo sanguíneo; Grupo HA (2) - ácido hialurônico 0,5%; Grupo HAF1 (3) - fração proteica F-1 0,1% dissolvida em ácido hialurônico a 0,5%. Após 4 semanas, os animais foram submetidos à eutanásia e o reparo ósseo avaliado por meio de análise histomorfométrica, zimografia e imunohistoquímica. A área óssea neoformada não apresentou diferença significativa (p = 0,757), mas houve tendência de aumento da trabeculação óssea nos grupos HA e HAF1. Para a análise imunoistoquímica, houve diferença na marcação do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) (p = 0,023), sendo maior nos grupos HA e HAF1 do que no grupo controle. Nenhuma diferença significativa na sialoproteína óssea (BSP) (p = 0,681), osteocalcina (p = 0,954), no entanto, diferenças significativas foram encontradas para a molécula de adesão de células endoteliais plaquetárias-1 (CD-31) (p = 0,040), com o grupo HAF1 sendo significativamente inferior ao controle. Para a análise zimográfica, não houve diferença significativa para metaloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) (p = 0,068), mas houve tendência de aumento da MMP-2 no grupo HA. Apesar da influência sobre os fatores angiogênicos e da aparente tendência de maior trabeculação nos grupos HA e HAF1, não houve diferença significativa na área de tecido ósseo neoformado no período analisado.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hyaluronic Acid , Latex , Bone Regeneration , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
9.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(2): e570, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347461

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El panorama demográfico en el mundo está cambiando. La población mayor de 60 años es el segmento que está creciendo más rápidamente y en el que las enfermedades del tejido óseo se presentan con más frecuencia, lo que aumenta la demanda de materiales y tecnologías apropiadas para restaurar estos tejidos. Objetivo: Analizar la información que se ha generado sobre el desarrollo de biomateriales compuestos para la reparación ósea, con énfasis en la identificación de las tecnologías emergentes basadas en el uso del campo electromagnético, sus aplicaciones y potencialidades. Métodos: Se consultaron trabajos científicos publicados en libros, revistas, patentes y tesis. El 80 por ciento de la documentación seleccionada pertenece al periodo 2010-2019. Análisis e integración de la información: Los métodos identificados fueron clasificados en cinco grupos: electrodeposición química, ya sea por electrólisis, electroforesis o síntesis electroforética in situ; electroporación; electrohilado; control magnético distal y bioestimulación electromagnética de células y tejidos, directamente o por la introducción de dispositivos que convierten la energía electromagnética en energía mecánica. Conclusiones: Estos métodos permiten la conformación de matrices celulares y acelulares compuestas y, además, dispositivos bioestimuladores con control de los parámetros de construcción y acción, de tal manera, que se logran procesos con mayor grado de reproducibilidad y a la medida de los requerimientos específicos para cada paciente(AU)


Introduction: The global demographic panorama is changing. The population aged over 60 years is the fastest growing segment, as well as the one where bone tissue diseases are most common, increasing the demand of appropriate materials and technologies to restore those tissues. Objective: To analyze the information so far generated about the development of composite biomaterials for bone repair, with an emphasis on the identification of emerging technologies based on the use of the electromagnetic field, its applications and potential. Methods: An analysis was performed of scientific papers published in books, journals, patents and theses. Of the documentation selected, 80 percent was from the period 2010-2019. Data analysis and integration: The methods identified were classified into five groups: chemical electrodeposition, be it by in situ electrophoretic synthesis, electrolysis or electrophoresis; electroporation; electrospinning; distal magnetic control and electromagnetic biostimulation of cells and tissues, either directly or incorporating devices which convert electromagnetic energy into mechanical energy. Conclusions: These methods permit the conformation of composite cellular and acellular matrices as well as biostimulator devices controlling construction and action parameters in such a way that the processes obtained display greater reproducibility and are more in keeping with the specific requirements of each patient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Electric Stimulation/methods , Electromagnetic Fields
10.
Odontol. sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 24(2): 29-34, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178066

ABSTRACT

Muchos trastornos sistémicos como la artritis o la osteoporosis son patologías responsables de las alteraciones crónicas de la articulación temporomandibular, creando así un problema a largo plazo que afectan la calidad de vida de aquellas personas que las padecen. Actualmente no existe tratamiento curativo para dichas patologías, aunque sí de tipo paliativo, que en muchas ocasiones tienen efectos secundarios en el tiempo o una limitación en su efectividad y eficacia, por lo que se hace necesario buscar alternativas con la implementación de terapias regenerativas para el tratamiento de aquellas enfermedades que afectan el sistema musculoesquelético. En muchos estudios se discute sobre el papel fundamental que cumple el zinc y el estroncio en la génesis de tejido tanto cartilaginoso como óseo, así como la relevancia de incorporarlos con diversos biomateriales en procedimientos de regeneración, sin embargo, este tema no es claro aún y requieren más aten- ción por parte del clínico. El objetivo de este artículo es determinar la función cumplen el zinc y el estroncio en los procesos de regeneración del hueso y el cartílago desde una visión molecular y celular aplicada a la práctica clínica, con el fin de obtener nuevas alternativas en el tratamiento de diversas patologías y alteraciones musculoesqueléticas que mejoren las condiciones de salud oral de los pacientes, además de, contar con la revisión que nos aproxime a comprender los mecanismos de acción de diferentes moléculas que incorporadas a los biomateriales compatibles con el tejido duro y blando mejoren las condiciones biológicas para la regeneración.


Many systemic disorders such as arthritis or osteoporosis are pathologies responsible of temporomandibular joint chronic dysfunctions, thus creating a long-term problem that affects life ́s quality of those who suffer from them. Currently there is no curative treatment for these pathologies, although there is a palliative treatment, which in many cases have side effects over time or a limitation in their effectiveness and efficacy, so it is necessary to look for alternatives with the implementation of regenerative therapies for treatment of those diseases that affect musculoskeletal system. In many studies the fundamental role of zinc and strontium in genesis of both cartilaginous and bone tissue is discussed, as well as the relevance of incorporating them with various biomaterials in regeneration procedures, however, this issue is not clear yet and requires more attention from the clinician. The objective of this article is to determine function of zinc and strontium in regeneration processes of bone and cartilage from a molecular and cellular perspective applied to clinical practice, in order to obtain new alternatives in the treatment of various pathologies and musculoskeletal alterations that improve the oral health conditions of patients. In addition, this review brings us closer to understanding the mechanisms of action of different molecules that when incorporated into biomaterials compatible with hard and soft tissue improve the biological conditions for the regeneration.

11.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 26-33, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180720

ABSTRACT

Abstract The limited options for bone repair have led to an extensive research of the field and the development of alloplastic and xenogeneic grafts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate bone repair with two bone substitutes: deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) and biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic (BCP) in critical-size defect. A total of 8-mm defects were made in the parietal bones of rabbits (n=12). The animals were divided into three experimental groups: sham (defect filled with a blood clot), DBB (defect filled with DBB), and BCP (defect filled with BCP). After the experimental periods of 15 and 45 days, the animals were euthanized and submitted to histomorphometric analysis. The total defect area, mineralized tissue area, biomaterial area, and soft tissue area were evaluated. A greater amount of immature bone tissue and biomaterial particles were observed in the BCP group compared to DBB and sham at 45 days (p<0.05). There was no difference in the qualitative pattern of bone deposition between DBB and BCP. However, the sham group did not show osteoid islands along with the defect, presenting a greater amount of collagen fibers as well in relation to the DBB and BCP groups. There was a greater number of inflammatory cells in the DBB at 45 days compared to BCP and sham groups. In conclusion, BCP and DBB are options for optimizing the use of bone grafts for maxillofacial rehabilitation. Bone defects treated with BCP showed greater deposition of bone tissue at 45 days.


Resumo As opções limitadas para reparo ósseo levaram ao desenvolvimento de abrangente pesquisa na área de enxertos aloplásticos e xenogênicos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o reparo ósseo com dois substitutos ósseos: osso bovino desproteinizado (DBB) e cerâmica fosfática de cálcio bifásica (BCP) em defeito de tamanho crítico. Material e métodos: defeitos críticos de 8 mm foram feitos nos ossos parietais de coelhos (n=12). Os animais foram divididos em três grupos experimentais: sham (defeito preenchido com coágulo sanguíneo), DBB (defeito preenchido com DBB) e BCP (defeito preenchido com BCP). Após os períodos experimentais de 15 e 45 dias, os animais foram sacrificados e submetidos à análise histomorfométrica. Foram avaliadas a área total de defeitos, área de tecidos mineralizados, área de biomateriais e área de tecidos moles. Resultados: maior quantidade de tecido ósseo imaturo e de partículas de biomaterial foram observados no grupo BCP em comparação aos grupos DBB e sham aos 45 dias (p<0,05). Não houve diferença no padrão qualitativo de deposição óssea entre DBB e BCP. Ainda, o grupo sham não apresentou ilhas osteóides ao longo do defeito, apresentando maior quantidade de fibras colágenas em relação aos grupos DBB e BCP. Houve maior quantidade de células inflamatórias no DBB aos 45 dias em comparação aos grupos BCP e sham. Conclusões: BCP e DBB são opções para otimizar o uso de enxertos ósseos na reabilitação de pacientes. Defeitos ósseos tratados com BCP mostraram maior deposição de tecido ósseo aos 45 dias.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Substitutes , Hydroxyapatites , Osteogenesis , Bone Matrix , Bone Regeneration , Calcium Phosphates , Cattle , Ceramics
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 23-29, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368354

ABSTRACT

Na procura por material alternativo no tratamento de feridas cutâneas, buscou-se com este estudo avaliar o comportamento da túnica vaginal canina conservada em glicerina a 98% como curativo biológico no tratamento de feridas cutâneas provocadas experimentalmente em ratos. Foram utilizados 16 ratos Wistar, nos quais foram induzidas experimentalmente duas lesões cutâneas na região dorsal, sendo uma cranial e a outra caudal. Uma ferida serviu de controle, a qual não recebeu tratamento, a outra recebeu a túnica vaginal recobrindo toda extensão da lesão. A seleção de qual das feridas, cranial ou caudal, iria receber a membrana foi feita de forma aleatória. Os animais foram distribuídos em quatro grupos de igual número para análises clínicas, macroscópicas e histológicas decorridos três, sete, 14 e 21 dias de pós-operatório. Na avaliação clínica e macroscópica pode-se observar que o processo de reparação teve evolução semelhante tanto no grupo controle quanto no grupo membrana. Na análise histopatológica foi constatada grande quantidade de infiltrado inflamatório nos períodos iniciais, no entanto, decorridos 21 dias, a epiderme já se encontrava reparada, e em todos os momentos foi observada maior presença de tecido conjuntivo no grupo membrana, sugerindo maior precocidade na cicatrização. Deste modo, concluiu-se que a túnica vaginal canina pode ser utilizada como nova alternativa no tratamento de feridas cutâneas.


In the search for alternative material in the treatment of cutaneous wounds, this study aimed to evaluate the behavior of canine vaginal tunic conserved in glycerin 98% as a biological dressing in the treatment of cutaneous wounds provoked experimentally in rats. Sixteen animals were used in which two cutaneous lesions were caused in the dorsal region, one cranial and the other caudal. One wound served as a control which did not receive treatment, the other received the vaginal tunic covering all extension of the lesion. The selection of which of the wounds, cranial or caudal, would receive the membrane was made at random. The animals were divided into four groups of equal numbers for clinical, macroscopic, and histological analyzes after three, seven, 14 and 21 postoperative days. In the clinical and macroscopic evaluation, it can be observed that the healing process had similar evolution in both the control group and the membrane group. In the histopathological analysis, a large amount of inflammatory infiltrate was observed in the initial periods; however, after 21 days the epidermis was already healed, and at all times a greater presence of connective tissue was observed in the membrane group, suggesting a greater precocity in healing. Thus, it was concluded that the canine vaginal tunic can be used as a new alternative in the treatment of cutaneous wounds.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing/physiology , Biological Dressings/veterinary , Rats, Wistar/injuries , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200568, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143153

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the new bone and connective tissue formation and the biomaterial remaining after maxillary sinus bone augmentation using 5 different bone substitutes. The osteocalcin immunolabeling was performed to demonstrate their calcification and the possibility of receiving dental implants. Methodology 40 patients underwent maxillary sinus bone augmentation and were divided in 5 groups: Group 1 with 8 maxillary sinuses were grafted with autogenous bone graft (AB); Group 2 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass (BG); Group 3 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass added to autogenous bone graft (BG + AB) 1:1; Group 4 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss (BO) and Group 5 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss added to autogenous bone graft (BO + AB) 1:1. Results In group AB, 37.8% of bone was formed in the pristine bone region, 38.1% in the intermediate and 44.5% in the apical region. In group BG, 43.6% was formed in the pristine bone, 37% in the intermediate and 49.3% in the apical region. In group BG + AB 1:1, 39.0% was formed in the pristine bone region, 34.8% in the intermediate and 36.8% in apical region. In group BO, 33.4% was formed in the pristine bone, 32.5% in the intermediate and 34.3% in the apical region. In group BO + AB 1:1, 32.8% was formed in the pristine bone, 36.1% in intermediate and 27.8% in the apical regions. The immunolabeling for osteocalcin showed an intensive staining for all groups, which could demonstrate the calcification of the bone formed. Conclusion This study showed that the groups evaluated formed a suitable lamellar bone in the maxillary sinus reconstruction after six months of bone healing, thus being indicated to receive dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908945

ABSTRACT

The teaching content of biomaterials science is of boundness and vapidity, in additional, there is alack of interaction between teachers and students. The teaching efficiency of the biomaterials science is greatly reduced. In this paper, combining with the current research hotspots in biomaterials science, we put forward the reform of the teaching knowledge, teaching methods and teaching evaluation. By introducing the scientific research achievements and academic innovations of teachers, integrating Seminar teaching with flipped mode, combining with the characteristics of colleges and universities, from in-class to out-of-class, setting up the course for different specialties, establishing teaching evaluation with new network information, this paper discusses the teaching reform of biomaterials course, and puts forward new requirements and challenges.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848020

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that platelet-rich plasma has a strong role in promoting chondrocyte repair and proliferation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma in chondrocyte repair and synovial inflammation inhibition in osteoarthritis. METHODS: The blood samples were extracted from the central artery of the ear in 40 New Zealand white rabbits and platelet-rich plasma was prepared by the method of Hokugo. The platelet, platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor-3, vascular endothelial growth factor in the peripheral blood and platelet-rich plasma were detected simultaneously. Animal models were made by resection of anterior cruciate ligament and divided into experimental group and control group. In the experimental group, 0.3 mL of platelet-rich plasma was injected once a week for 10 weeks; in the control group, 0.3 mL of sterile saline was injected once a week for 10 weeks. Gross observation and histological observation of knee joints were performed; articular cartilage type II collagen and matrix metalloproteinase 13 levels were measured; and Mankin score of the cartilage tissue was performed at 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weeks after injection. The study protocol was approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Chongqing Medical University. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The concentrations of platelet, platelet-derived growth factor, transforming growth factor-3, vascular endothelial growth factor in platelet-rich plasma were 5.5, 4.8, 7.7, and 6.2 times those of the peripheral blood, respectively. And there were significant differences between the platelet-rich plasma and peripheral blood (P<0.05). (2) From the 6th week, the Mankin score of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). (3) The expression of type II collagen protein in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group at the 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th weeks after injection (P<0.05). The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-13 was significantly lower than that in the control group at the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th week (P<0.05). All these findings indicate that intra-articular injection of platelet-rich plasma can inhibit the development of osteoarthritis by alleviating synovial inflammation and delaying or blocking the damage of chondrocytes.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847160

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The free enzyme has the problems of poor stability and inability to be reused during application. Using magnetic polymer microspheres as the carrier of the binding enzyme to prepare immobilized enzyme can maintain the natural activity of the enzyme, and can be reused, but also provide convenient conditions for automatic production management. OBJECTIVE: Magnetic chitosan microspheres as carrier of binding enzyme were used to prepare the immobilized lactase, which is easy to recycle, can be reused, and has high enzyme activity and stability. METHODS: By inputting a certain amount of magnetic chitosan microspheres into the phosphoric acid buffer for swelling for 2 hours, the swelling magnetic chitosan microspheres were collected with a magnet and added to a certain concentration of lactase phosphate buffer. They were shocked in a constant temperature shaker for 1 hour and preserved in refrigerator at 4 °C. The microspheres were precipitated with a magnet to pour out the supernatant. After full washing with buffer solution, the immobilized lactase was obtained. The properties of the magnetic microspheres (the amount of glutaraldehyde used in the preparation of microspheres was 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14 mL), the amount of enzymes (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 g/L) added, the pH (6.4, 6.8, 7.0, 7.2) of the buffer, and the immobilization time (1, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20 hours) were tested to determine the optimal immobilization conditions. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The optimum conditions for immobilized lactose with magnetic chitosan microspheres were as follows: magnetic chitosan microspheres prepared with 10 mL of glutaraldehyde were selected as the immobilized carrier of lactase. The amount of enzyme added was 0.3 g/L, pH 7.0 and the immobilization time was 5 hours. (2) Compared with the free enzyme, immobilized lactase showed a wider range of reaction temperature and pH value. (3) The ability of immobilized enzyme binding substrate was enhanced. (4) After repeated use of the immobilized enzyme five times, the enzyme activity remained 65%. (5) The storage stability of lactase was also improved after immobilization.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847099

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The treatment of spinal cord injury is mainly to improve the inflammation microenvironment of the injury site, as well as the regeneration and repair of neural function. Mesenchymal stem cells have the characteristics of easy proliferation in vitro, multi-directional differentiation, and suppression of secondary inflammation and immunomodulation, which makes the transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells for various refractory tissue injury diseases including spinal cord injury become a potential cell therapy. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the preclinical and clinical research of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of spinal cord injury in recent years, and put forward the problems and development directions of mesenchymal stem cells in experimental research. METHODS: We searched the articles published in Wanfang databases, CNKI and PubMed databases from 2000 to 2020. The key words were “mesenchymal stem cells, spinal cord injury, cell transplantation, immunomodulation, combination therapy, biomaterials” in Chinese and English, respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Mesenchymal stem cells from different sources play the role of anti-inflammatory, inducing axon and neuron regeneration in animal models and clinical experiments, and effectively improve the neural function of the damaged area. (2) The exosomes derived from mesenchymal stem cells show the effects of immunomodulation and angiogenesis in the disease model of spinal cord injury. (3) In order to maximize the potential of mesenchymal stem cells, exploring cell pretreatment, combined with new drugs or biological materials is the research direction of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of spinal cord injury.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847086

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tissue engineering technology relies on biomaterial scaffolds as supporting structures for tissue repair and regeneration. Among these biological scaffolds, electrospun fiber scaffolds have been widely applied in regenerative medicine owing to their mimicry of the natural structure of extracellular matrix. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current application of electrospun aligned nanofibers in the field of tissue engineering. METHODS: Relevant articles included in PubMed from January 2010 to March 2020 were searched by the first author, with key words of “electrospinning; aligned nanofibers; tissue engineering; regenerative medicine; bioactive materials” in English. Relevant articles included in CNKI and Wanfang database from January 2010 to March 2020 were searched with key words of “electrospinning; aligned nanofibers; oriented fiber; tissue engineering; tissue regeneration” in Chinese. Finally, 67 articles were included for review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Electrospinning is a simple and effective technology for the preparation of nanomaterials. In recent years, many kinds of natural materials or polyester materials with good biocompatibility and biodegradability have been prepared into electrospun nanofiber scaffolds with different structures by electrospinning technology, which are widely used in tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and other fields. Among them, the electrospun oriented nanofiber scaffolds, inspired by the highly directional characteristics of natural extracellular matrix, have highly consistent fiber arrangement direction, which can promote cell adhesion and migration through contact guidance, and the combination with cells or growth factors can further promote cell proliferation and differentiation, and ultimately achieve tissue regeneration in nerve, myocardium, tendon and bone tissue. In the field of regeneration and wound healing, it has great potential and wide application prospect.

19.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1229-1234, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921865

ABSTRACT

With the continuous progress of materials science and biology, the significance of biomaterials with dual characteristics of materials science and biology is keeping on increasing. Nowadays, more and more biomaterials are being used in tissue engineering, pharmaceutical engineering and regenerative medicine. In repairing bone defects caused by trauma, tumor invasion, congenital malformation and other factors, a variety of biomaterials have emerged with different characteristics, such as surface charge, surface wettability, surface composition, immune regulation and so on, leading to significant differences in repair effects. This paper mainly discusses the influence of surface charge of biomaterials on bone formation and the methods of introducing surface charge, aiming to promote bone formation by changing the charge distribution on the surface of the biomaterials to serve the clinical treatment better.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Osteogenesis , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Engineering
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2172-2196, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888858

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapy is a rapidly developing area of cancer treatment due to its higher specificity and potential for greater efficacy than traditional therapies. Immune cell modulation through the administration of drugs, proteins, and cells can enhance antitumoral responses through pathways that may be otherwise inhibited in the presence of immunosuppressive tumors. Magnetic systems offer several advantages for improving the performance of immunotherapies, including increased spatiotemporal control over transport, release, and dosing of immunomodulatory drugs within the body, resulting in reduced off-target effects and improved efficacy. Compared to alternative methods for stimulating drug release such as light and pH, magnetic systems enable several distinct methods for programming immune responses. First, we discuss how magnetic hyperthermia can stimulate immune cells and trigger thermoresponsive drug release. Second, we summarize how magnetically targeted delivery of drug carriers can increase the accumulation of drugs in target sites. Third, we review how biomaterials can undergo magnetically driven structural changes to enable remote release of encapsulated drugs. Fourth, we describe the use of magnetic particles for targeted interactions with cellular receptors for promoting antitumor activity. Finally, we discuss translational considerations of these systems, such as toxicity, clinical compatibility, and future opportunities for improving cancer treatment.

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