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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc in acute T lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL), aiming to provide evidence for the diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 T-ALL patients who were diagnosed and treated in People's Hospital of Zhengzhou from June 2014 to June 2017 were selected, and 69 healthy volunteers who had a physical examination were selected as control group in the same period. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the expression levels of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in each group. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the survival of T-ALL patients and correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc with prognosis. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc with disease risk.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of miR-211 mRNA, miR-155 mRNA, and C-myc mRNA in T-ALL group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01), those in non-remission group were higher than those in remission group (P<0.01), and those in high-risk group were also higher than those in low-risk group and intermediate-risk group (P<0.01). The survival time of T-ALL patients with low miR-211 expression was longer than that with high miR-211 expression (P<0.01), that with low miR-155 expression was longer than that with high miR-155 expression (P<0.01), and that with low C-myc expression was also longer than that with high C-myc expression (P<0.01). The high expression of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc was linearly positively correlated with high risk of disease (r=0.749, 0.781, 0.804).@*CONCLUSION@#The expressions of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc are up-regulated in T-ALL patients, closely related to prognosis, and linearly positively correlated with disease risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/genetics , RNA, Messenger
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1225-1239, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929366

ABSTRACT

The dysregulation of transcription factors is widely associated with tumorigenesis. As the most well-defined transcription factor in multiple types of cancer, c-Myc can transform cells by transactivating various downstream genes. Given that there is no effective way to directly inhibit c-Myc, c-Myc targeting strategies hold great potential for cancer therapy. In this study, we found that WSB1, which has a highly positive correlation with c-Myc in 10 cancer cell lines and clinical samples, is a direct target gene of c-Myc, and can positively regulate c-Myc expression, which forms a feedforward circuit promoting cancer development. RNA sequencing results from Bel-7402 cells confirmed that WSB1 promoted c-Myc expression through the β-catenin pathway. Mechanistically, WSB1 affected β-catenin destruction complex-PPP2CA assembly and E3 ubiquitin ligase adaptor β-TRCP recruitment, which inhibited the ubiquitination of β-catenin and transactivated c-Myc. Of interest, the effect of WSB1 on c-Myc was independent of its E3 ligase activity. Moreover, overexpressing WSB1 in the Bel-7402 xenograft model could further strengthen the tumor-driven effect of c-Myc overexpression. Thus, our findings revealed a novel mechanism involved in tumorigenesis in which the WSB1/c-Myc feedforward circuit played an essential role, highlighting a potential c-Myc intervention strategy in cancer treatment.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1240-1253, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929364

ABSTRACT

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is abnormally activated in lung cancer. However, the anti-lung cancer effect of mTOR inhibitors as monotherapy is modest. Here, we identified that ginsenoside Rh2, an active component of Panax ginseng C. A. Mey., enhanced the anti-cancer effect of the mTOR inhibitor everolimus both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, ginsenoside Rh2 alleviated the hepatic fat accumulation caused by everolimus in xenograft nude mice models. The combination of everolimus and ginsenoside Rh2 (labeled Eve-Rh2) induced caspase-independent cell death and cytoplasmic vacuolation in lung cancer cells, indicating that Eve-Rh2 prevented tumor progression by triggering paraptosis. Eve-Rh2 up-regulated the expression of c-MYC in cancer cells as well as tumor tissues. The increased c-MYC mediated the accumulation of tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3)/P62+ aggresomes and consequently triggered paraptosis, bypassing the classical c-MYC/MAX pathway. Our study offers a potential effective and safe strategy for the treatment of lung cancer. Moreover, we have identified a new mechanism of TRIB3/P62+ aggresomes-triggered paraptosis and revealed a unique function of c-MYC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the expression of c-Myc protein in cervical cancer HeLa cells and explore the effect of juglone on the proliferation and apoptosis of HeLa cells by affecting c-Myc ubiquitination.@*METHODS@#HeLa cells treated with different concentrations (0, 10, 20, or 50 μmol/L) of juglone or with 20 μmol/L juglone for different time lengths were examined for expression of c-Myc protein with Western blotting. The half-life of c-Myc protein was determined using cycloheximide (CHX) and c-Myc protein degradation was detected using coimmunoprecipitation. We also assessed the effects of 20 μmol/L juglone combined with 0, 1.0 or 2.0 μmol/L MG132 (a proteasome inhibitor) on c-Myc expression. The effects of 20 μmol/L juglone on the proliferation and apoptosis of HeLa cells with RNA interference-mediated knockdown of c-Myc were evaluated with MTT assay and flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with juglone significantly lowered c-Myc protein expression in HeLa cells in a concentration-and time-dependent manner (P < 0.05). Juglone obviously shortened the half-life of c-Myc protein, and the addition of MG132 significantly up-regulated the expression level of c-Myc protein (P < 0.05). Juglone treatment also promoted ubiquitination of c-Myc protein in HeLa cells. Compared with the cells transfected with a negative control construct, the cells transfected with si-c-Myc showed significantly decreased proliferation inhibition and a lowered cell rate with early apoptosis after juglone treatment (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Juglone inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis of HeLa cells by affecting the ubiquitination of c-Myc protein.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , Naphthoquinones , Ubiquitination , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 541-550, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888740

ABSTRACT

Synthetic lethal screening, which exploits the combination of mutations that result in cell death, is a promising method for identifying novel drug targets. This method provides a new avenue for targeting "undruggable" proteins, such as c-Myc. Here, we revisit current methods used to target c-Myc and discuss the important functional nodes related to c-Myc in non-oncogene addicted network, whose inhibition may cause a catastrophe for tumor cell destiny but not for normal cells. We further discuss strategies to identify these functional nodes in the context of synthetic lethality. We review the progress and shortcomings of this research field and look forward to opportunities offered by synthetic lethal screening to treat tumors potently.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , Neoplasms/genetics , Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/genetics , Synthetic Lethal Mutations
6.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021278, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249013

ABSTRACT

Peritoneal lymphomatosis (PL) is a rare presentation of extranodal precursor leukemia/lymphoma. The presentation is often non-specific, leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment. In this case, though the preliminary diagnosis was established on ascitic fluid cytology, the disease progressed rapidly, leading to demise before initiating chemotherapy. Immunophenotyping and molecular studies, performed later, established a diagnosis of de novo B-cell precursor leukemia/lymphoma with MYC, BCL2 rearrangements (Double-hit lymphoma). MYC, BCL2 rearrangements are rarely reported in precursor B-lymphoma/leukemia which carry dismal prognosis. In this report, we illustrate autopsy findings of PL in an elderly gentleman who presented with ascites for evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Peritoneal Neoplasms , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/pathology , Ascites , Autopsy , Genes, myc , Cell Biology
7.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1585, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345003

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: CD133 and AXL have been described as cancer stem cell markers, and c-MYC as a key regulatory cellular mechanism in colorectal cancer (CRC). Aim: Evaluate the prognostic role of the biomarkers CD133, AXL and c-MYC and their association with clinicopathologic characteristics in colorectal adenocarcinomas and adenomas. Methods: A total of 156 patients with UICC stage I-IV adenocarcinomas (n=122) and adenomas (n=34) were analyzed. Tissue microarrays (TMA) from primary tumors and polyps for CD133, c-MYC and AXL expression were performed and analyzed for their significance with clinicopathologic characteristics. Results: Poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas and disease progression were independent risk factors for poor overall survival. The median overall survival time was 30 months. Positive CD133 expression (35.9% of all cases), particularly of right-sided CRCs (44.8% of the CD133+ cases), was negatively correlated with death in the univariate analysis, which did not reach significance in the multivariate analysis. c-MYC (15.4% of all cases) was predominantly expressed in advanced-stage patients with distant (non-pulmonary/non-hepatic) metastasis. AXL expression was found only occasionally, and predominantly dominated in adenomas, with less penetrance in high-grade dysplasia. Conclusions: CD133 expression was not associated with inferior overall survival in CRC. While AXL showed inconclusive results, c-MYC expression in primary CRCs was associated with distant metastasis.


RESUMO Racional: CD133 e AXL são descritos na literatura como marcadores de células-tronco tumorais, e c-MYC cumpre papel chave como mecanismo de regulação celular no câncer colorretal (CCR). Objetivo: Avaliar o papel prognóstico dos biomarcadores CD133, AXL e c-MYC e sua associação com características clinicopatológicas de adenocarcinomas e adenomas colorretais. Métodos: Um total de 156 pacientes com adenocarcinomas de estádio UICC I-IV (n=122) e adenomas (n=34) colorretais foram avaliados. Microarranjos teciduais (TMA) dos tumores primários e adenomas foram realizados em busca de expressão de CD133, c-MYC e AXL, com posterior análise de relação significativa com características clinicopatológicas. Resultados: Adenocarcinomas pobremente diferenciados e progressão de doença foram fatores de risco independentes para má sobrevida global. A taxa mediana de sobrevida global foi de 30 meses. Expressão positiva de CD133 (35,9% dos casos), particularmente em cânceres de cólon direito (44,8% dos casos CD133+), correlacionou-se negativamente com óbito na análise univariada, sem significância estatística na análise multivariada. c-MYC (15,4% dos casos) teve predomínio de expressão em pacientes com estádio avançado com metástases distantes (não-pulmonares/não-hepáticas). Expressão de AXL foi pouco encontrada, com predomínio em adenomas, com menor penetrância em displasia de alto grau. Conclusão: Expressão de CD133 não se associou com sobrevida global inferior em CCR. Enquanto AXL demonstrou resultados inconclusivos, expressão de c-MYC em tumores primários se associou-se à metástases à distância.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor , Peptides , Prognosis , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Glycoproteins , Antigens, CD , AC133 Antigen
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881402

ABSTRACT

@#The transcription factor c-Myc regulates the proliferation, differentiation, metabolism and other key processes of normal cells extensively.The unleashed MYC oncogene frequently produces abundant c-Myc protein, which directly regulates the gene expression of key metabolic enzymes, or tumor-related metabolic pathways by inhibiting microRNA, leading to abnormal metabolism characterized by heightened nutrients uptake, enhanced glycolysis and glutaminolysis, and elevated fatty acid and nucleotide synthesis.This paper briefly summarizes how c-Myc regulated metabolism on glycolysis, glutamine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle, lipid metabolism and nucleotide synthesis in cancer cell,which provides some theoretical reference for the development of antitumor targets and drugs involving c-Myc.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 445-451, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912904

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expressions of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) CASC11 and proto-oncogene c-myc in colorectal cancer and their correlation with recurrence and metastasis.Methods:The cancer tissues and paracancerous tissues of 90 colorectal cancer patients in Tangshan Union Medical College Hospital of Hebei Province from February 2016 to July 2018 were collected. Normal colon epithelial cell lines CCD841 and colorectal cancer cell lines SW480, SW620, HCT116, HT29, DLD-1 were cultured in vitro. Separated by the average value of relative expression level of CASC11 or c-myc mRNA in cancer tissues, patients were divided into the high expression and low expression of CASC11 or c-myc. The protein expressions of CASC11 and c-myc mRNA and c-myc were detected by using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Cell lines with the highest protein expressions of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc were used to do the subsequent experiments. The association of the expression levels of CASC11 and c-myc mRNA with the clinicopathological features was analyzed. Pearson correlation test was used to analyze the relationship between CASC11 and c-myc mRNA of cancer tissues. JASPAR software was used to analyze whether there were binding sites of CASC11 and c-myc gene. The wild-type and mutant-type CASC11 recombinant plasmids were constructed, and the relationship between c-myc and CASC11 was confirmed by using dual luciferase reporter gene assay. Cell lines with the highest expressions of CASC11 and c-myc were transfected with c-myc interference sequence plasmid (Sh-c-myc group) or the negative control sequence plasmid (Sh-NC group), and the conventional cultured blank control group (NC group). The proliferation of cells was detected by using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method, the invasion and migration abilities of cells were detected by using Tanswell test, and the protein expressions of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc in cells of all groups were detected by using qRT-PCR and Western blot.Results:The protein expression levels of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc protein in cancer tissues were increased compared with those in paracancerous tissues, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Compared with CCD841 cells, the protein expression levels of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc in all colorectal cancer cell lines were increased, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05); the highest protein expressions of CASC11, c-myc mRNA and c-myc were found in SW480 cell lines which were used to do the subsequent experiments. Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between CASC11 mRNA and c-myc mRNA in cancer tissues ( r = 0.494, P < 0.05). The high expression rate of CASC11 and c-myc mRNA in cancer tissues for patients with lymph node metastasis was higher than that for those without lymph node metastasis [73.7% (28/38) vs. 26.9% (14/52), 84.2% (32/38) vs. 23.1% (12/52)], the high expression rate of CASC11 and c-myc mRNA in cancer tissues for patients with TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ was higher than that for those with TNM stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ [76.0% (38/50) vs. 10.0% (4/40), 72.0% (36/50) vs. 20.0% (8/40)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). JASPAR software showed that the binding sites were detected in CASC11 promoter region and c-myc gene; dual luciferase reporter gene assay results showed that the relative activity of SW480 cells co-transfected with Sh-c-myc and wild-type CASC11 plasmid was lower compared with that of SW480 cells co-transfected with Sh-NC and wild-type CASC11 plasmid ( P < 0.05). Compared with NC group and Sh-NC group, the expression level of CASC11 mRNA, the number of invasive and migratory cells of SW480 cells in Sh-c-myc group were decreased, while cell proliferation inhibition rate was increased, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:CASC11 and c-myc mRNA are highly expressed in colorectal cancer tissues and cell lines, and binding sites can be detected in CASC11 promoter region and c-myc gene. The expressions of both have a correlation, and the down regulation of c-myc can inhibit the invasion and migration of colorectal cancer cells by inhibiting the expression of CASC11.

10.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2020. 133 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292693

ABSTRACT

A regulação da fosforilação/desfosforilação das proteínas é o eixo central de muitas cascatas de sinalização. A fosfatase DUSP3, constituída apenas por um único domínio catalítico, desempenha papéis fundamentais na proliferação e senescência celular. Nas células HeLa, submetidas ao estresse genotóxico, o DUSP3 interage fisicamente com as proteínas HNRNPC, mas o efeito dessa função molecular ainda é desconhecido. Aqui demostramos que a ausência de DUPS3 mantem a proteína HNRNPC1/C2 num estado hiperfosforilado. Para entender melhor o envolvimento da interação DUSP3-HNRNPC nas funções biológicas da HNRNPC1/C2, foram estudadas células de fibroblasto deficientes de DUSP3. Foi analisado o efeito da deficiência de DUSP3 na biogênese dos ribossomos através do ensaio de perfil de polirribossomos e quantificação dos rRNAs com RT-qPCR. Os resultados mostraram que a deficiência de DUSP3 não afeta a maturação das subunidades ribossômicas, mas teria um impacto na transcrição dos pré-rRNAs e no acumulo das espécies 47S/45S. A expressado de genes contendo sequencias IRES foi analisado através do RT-qPCR e sua tradução ao longo do ciclo e em condições de estresse. Da expressão, não existe nenhuma diferença nos níveis de transcrição dos genes c-myc e xiap nas células normais e deficientes de DUSP3 em condições basais. Embora a síntese destas proteínas é maior nas células deficientes, mantendo um nível maior de tradução ao longo de todo o ciclo. Sob condições de estresse, esta duas proteínas sempre mantem uma maior expressão nas células Knockdown para DUSP3. Neste trabalho também foi estabelecido a presença de DUSP3 nos complexos da subunidade 40S, através do analise das frações obtidas do ensaio de polirribossomos e interação in vitro (Co-IP). A presença de DUSP3 nas subunidades 40S, os monossomas 80S e polissomos poderia ser através da interação direta com proteínas que possuem um domínio RRM e seria dependente dos complexos formados pelas proteínas e seus RNAs alvos. Aqui mostramos a interação in vitro de DUSP3 com a proteína PABP (com quatro domínios RRM), proteína que tem um papel importante na manutenção da taxa global de tradução, esta interação é enfraquecida na ausência de RNAs. A deficiência de DUSP3 também teria um impacto na interação das proteínas HNRNPC1/C2 e P53 in vitro. A ausência de DUSP3 diminui a interação HNRNPC-P53 através da hiperfosforilação da proteina HNRNPC1/C2. A perda desta interação, aumentaria os níveis da proteína P53 na célula deficiente de DUSP3 e poderia gerar parada no ciclo celular. Através de ensaios de imunofluorescência, se observo uma maior taxa de transcrição global na célula deficiente de DUSP3. Por fim, aqui demostramos que a interação direta de DUSP3 e HNRNPC1/C2 vai permitir a regulação das funções biológicas desta proteína, e a ausência de DUSP3 vai ter efeitos pleiotrópicos na homeostase da célula


inglêsProtein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation regulation is a central axis of many signaling cascades. DUSP3 phosphatase, consisting only of a single catalytic domain, plays key roles in cell proliferation and senescence. In HeLa cells subjected to genotoxic stress, DUSP3 physically interacts with HNRNPC proteins, but the effect of this molecular function is still unknown. Here we demonstrate that the absence of DUPS3 keeps the HNRNPC1/C2 proteins in a hyperphosphorylated state. To better understand the involvement of DUSP3- HNRNPC interaction on the biological functions of HNRNPC1/C2, DUSP3 deficient fibroblast cells were studied. The effect of DUSP3 deficiency on ribosome biogenesis was analyzed by polyribosome profile assay and RT-qPCR for rRNA quantification. The results showed that DUSP3 deficiency does not affect ribosomal subunit maturation, but would have an impact on transcription of pre-rRNAs and accumulation of 47S / 45S species. The expression of genes containing IRES sequences was analyzed by RT-qPCR and their translation throughout the cycle and under stress conditions. From expression, there is no difference in transcriptional levels of c-myc and xiap genes in normal and DUSP3 deficient cells under basal conditions. Although, the synthesis of these proteins is higher in deficient cells and these maintain a higher level of translation throughout the cell cycle. Under stress conditions, these two proteins always maintain higher expression in Knockdown cells for DUSP3. In this work, the presence of DUSP3 in the 40S ribosomal subunit complexes was also established by analyzing the fractions obtained from the polyribosome assay and in vitro interaction (CoIP). The presence of DUSP3 in the 40S subunits, 80S monosomes and polysomes could be through direct interaction with proteins that have an RRM domain and would be dependent on the complexes formed by the proteins and their target RNAs. Here we show the in vitro interaction of DUSP3 with PABP protein (with four RRM domains), a protein that plays an important role in maintaining the overall translation rate, this interaction is weakened in the absence of RNAs. DUSP3 deficiency would also have an impact on the interaction of HNRNPC1/C2 and P53 proteins in vitro. The absence of DUSP3 decreases HNRNPC-P53 interaction through hyperphosphorylation of the HNRNPC1/C2 proteins. Loss of this interaction would increase P53 protein levels in the DUSP3 deficient cell and could lead to cell cycle arrest. Through immunofluorescence assays, a higher overall transcription rate is observed in the DUSP3 deficient cell. Finally, we demonstrate that the direct interaction of DUSP3 and HNRNPC1/C2 will allow the regulation of the biological functions of this protein, and the absence of DUSP3 will have pleiotropic effects on cell homeostasis


Subject(s)
DNA Damage , Cell Cycle , Cells , Genes, myc , Origin of Life , Maintenance , Phosphorylation , Polyribosomes , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Fibroblasts , Homeostasis
11.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(4): e1568, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152637

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: CD133 and AXL have been described as cancer stem cell markers, and c-MYC as a key regulatory cellular mechanism in colorectal cancer (CRC). Aim: Evaluate the prognostic role of the biomarkers CD133, AXL and c-MYC and their association with clinicopathologic characteristics in colorectal adenocarcinomas and adenomas. Methods: A total of 156 patients with UICC stage I-IV adenocarcinomas (n=122) and adenomas (n=34) were analyzed. Tissue microarrays (TMA) from primary tumors and polyps for CD133, c-MYC and AXL expression were performed and analyzed for their significance with clinicopathologic characteristics. Results: Poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas and disease progression were independent risk factors for poor overall survival. The median overall survival time was 30 months. Positive CD133 expression (35.9% of all cases), particularly of right-sided CRCs (44.8% of the CD133+ cases), was negatively correlated with death in the univariate analysis, which did not reach significance in the multivariate analysis. c-MYC (15.4% of all cases) was predominantly expressed in advanced-stage patients with distant (non-pulmonary/non-hepatic) metastasis. AXL expression was found only occasionally, and predominantly dominated in adenomas, with less penetrance in high-grade dysplasia. Conclusions: CD133 expression was not associated with inferior overall survival in CRC. While AXL showed inconclusive results, c-MYC expression in primary CRCs was associated with distant metastasis.


RESUMO Racional: CD133 e AXL são descritos na literatura como marcadores de células-tronco tumorais, e c-MYC cumpre papel chave como mecanismo de regulação celular no câncer colorretal (CCR). Objetivo: Avaliar o papel prognóstico dos biomarcadores CD133, AXL e c-MYC e sua associação com características clinicopatológicas de adenocarcinomas e adenomas colorretais. Métodos: Um total de 156 pacientes com adenocarcinomas de estádio UICC I-IV (n=122) e adenomas (n=34) colorretais foram avaliados. Microarranjos teciduais (TMA) dos tumores primários e adenomas foram realizados em busca de expressão de CD133, c-MYC e AXL, com posterior análise de relação significativa com características clinicopatológicas. Resultados: Adenocarcinomas pobremente diferenciados e progressão de doença foram fatores de risco independentes para má sobrevida global. A taxa mediana de sobrevida global foi de 30 meses. Expressão positiva de CD133 (35,9% dos casos), particularmente em cânceres de cólon direito (44,8% dos casos CD133+), correlacionou-se negativamente com óbito na análise univariada, sem significância estatística na análise multivariada. c-MYC (15,4% dos casos) teve predomínio de expressão em pacientes com estádio avançado com metástases distantes (não-pulmonares/não-hepáticas). Expressão de AXL foi pouco encontrada, com predomínio em adenomas, com menor penetrância em displasia de alto grau. Conclusão: Expressão de CD133 não se associou com sobrevida global inferior em CCR. Enquanto AXL demonstrou resultados inconclusivos, expressão de c-MYC em tumores primários se associou-se à metástases à distância.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , AC133 Antigen/analysis , Prognosis , Neoplastic Stem Cells/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , Neoplasm Metastasis
12.
Tumor ; (12): 102-112, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848210

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether C-myc is involved in the modulation of protein kinase B (PKB, also known as AKT) on the expression of phosphate and tension homology deleted on chromsome ten (PTEN) in hepatoma HepG2 cells. Methods: HepG2 cells were treated with different concentrations of AKT inhibitor Capivasertib (5, 10 and 20 nmol/L). The expression levels of AKT, phosphorylated (p)-AKT, Bad, p-Bad, C-myc and p-C-myc proteins were detected by Western blotting. The transcription levels of C-myc downstream genes eukaryotic initiation factor-4E (eIF-4E), branched‐chain amino acid aminotransferase 1 (BCAT1) and WW domain-containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1 (WWP1) were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR. The expressions of eIF-4E, BCAT1 and WWP1 genes were silenced by siRNA, then the transcription and expression of PTEN were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The effects of Capivasertib treatment or WWP1 gene silence on the expression and localization of PTEN protein in HepG2 cells were detected by cell immunofluorescence technique. Results: In HepG2 cells treated with different concentrations of Capivasertib for 8 h, the expression levels of p-AKT, p-C-myc and p-Bad were significantly downregulated as compared with the control group (all P < 0.01), and the expression levels of eIF-4E, BCAT1 and WWP1 mRNAs were also downregulated (all P < 0.01). Silencing eIF-4E, BCAT1 and WWP1 gene expressions had no significant effect on the transcription of PTEN (all P 0.01) but the silence of WWP1 gene could significantly enhance the expression of PTEN protein (P < 0.01). Both Capivasertib treatment and WWP1 gene silence could increase the expression level of PTEN and induce its aggregation on the cell membrane. Conclusion: AKT is able to affect the transcription of WWP 1 gene by C-myc pathwaty, and ultimately participates in the modulation of PTEN expression in HepG2 cells.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-841575

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To detect the expressions of IncRNA H19 (H19) and IL-6/STAT3 pathway in the ulcerative colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) tissue of the mice, and to explore its possible mechanism Methods: A total of 22 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group (n=10) and model group (n= 12). The CAC models were induced by azomethane (AOM) combined with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in the mice in model group. The mice were sacrificed on the 120th day, the disease activity index (DAI) of the mice was evaluated, the tumor formation rate was evaluated, the colon length was measured, and the pathomorphology of colon tissue of the mice was observed by HE staining. The serum IL-6 level of the mice was detected by ELISA. The expression levels of H19, let-7a, IL-6, STAT3 and c-Myc mRNA in colon tissue of the mice were detected by qPCR method. The expression levels of p-STAT3 and c-Myc proteins in colon tissue of the mice were detected by Western blotting method. Results: Compared with control group, the tumor formation rate of the mice in model group was 100%, the colon length was significantly shortened (P<0. 01), the DAI score was increased (P< 0.01), the colon tissue showed the intraepithelial neoplasia by HE staining, the expression levels of H19, IL-6, STAT3 and c-myc mRNA in colon tissue were significantly increased (P<0. 01), the expression level of let-7a mRNA in colon tissue was significantly decreased (P<0. 01), the serum IL-6 level was increased (P<0. 01), and the expression levels of p-STAT3 and c-Myc proteins in colon tissue were increased (P<0. 01). Conclusion: The pathogenesis of CAC in the mice may be related to the up-regulation of c-Myc and H19 and down-regulation of let-7a, which are mediated by IL-6/STAT3 pathway.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861711

ABSTRACT

Background: Expressions of c-Myc and PKM2 are high in many tumors. However, studies on the regulation of mTOR/PKM2 and STAT3/c-Myc signaling pathways in gastric cancer are rare. Aims: To investigate the mechanism of crosstalk between mTOR/PKM2 and STAT3/c-Myc signaling pathways in regulating energy metabolism and acidic microenvironment of gastric cancer. Methods: Human gastric cancer AGS and HGC-27 cells were transfect with PKM2 and c-Myc lentivirus to construct cell models of knockdown of PKM2, c-Myc. CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell proliferation, cell migration was detected by Transwell chamber, cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expressions of PKM2, c-Myc, LDHA, STAT3, p-STAT3, and GLUT-1 were determined by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Lactic acid and glucose levels were detected by colorimetric method. Results: Expressions of PKM2 and c-Myc were up-regulated in gastric cancer. Knockdown of c-Myc could inhibit cell proliferation and migration, decrease protein expressions of LDHA, GLUT-1 and levels of glucose and lactic acid. The inhibition of gastric cancer was more obvious when both PKM2 and c-Myc were knockdown. mTOR/PKM2 signaling pathway was correlated to STAT3/c-Myc signaling pathway. Conclusions: PKM2 combined with c-Myc may be considered as a new therapeutic target for gastric cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822157

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To explore the inhibitory effect of celecoxib (CELE) on the proliferation of tongue squamous cell carcinoma Cal-27 cells and its mechanism.@*Methods@# A CCK-8 assay was used to investigate the cytotoxicity of different concentrations CELE(10, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 mol/L) at 24 and 48 h in Cal-27 cells. According to the concentration of CELE, samples were divided into a control group (0 μmol/L) and experimental groups (10, 20, and 40 μmol/L), and cell invasiveness was detected by the Transwell method. The expression levels of c-Myc and Cyclin D1 mRNA were detected with qPCR, and western blots were used to detect the expression of phosphate and tension homologue deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN), phospho-protein kinase B (p-AKT) (Thr308), c-Myc, cyclin D1 and other proteins in Cal-27 cells after 24 h of treatment with different doses of CELE (10, 20, and 40 μ mol/L) and after 6, 12, and 24 h of treatment with 40 μmol/L CELE.@*Results @# The different concentrations of CELE were able to inhibit the proliferation of Cal-27 cells, and the higher the concentration of CELE was, the more significant the inhibition of the proliferation of Cal-27 cells was. The cell survival rates of cells exposed to 40 μmol/L CELE were 80% and 75% after 24 and 48 h, respectively. In the four groups of patients, the number of invasive cells was compared, and the results in decreasing order were the control group, 10 μmol/L CELE, 20 μmol/L CELE, and 40 μmol/L CELE. The expression level of c-Myc, cyclin D1 mRNA and the protein in P-AKT (Thr308), c-Myc, and cyclin D1 significantly decreased and the expression of PTEN protein increased in the Cal-27 cells after administration of CELE at different concentrations. @*Conclusion@# CELE can inhibit the proliferation of Cal-27 cells, possibly through inhibition of the expression of proliferation signal factors, such as c-Myc and cyclin D1, by activating the PTEN signaling pathway.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811193

ABSTRACT

Breast adenomyoepitheliomas are composed of a biphasic proliferation of myoepithelial cells around small epithelial-lined spaces. Due to the rarity of adenomyoepitheliomas, the molecular data describing them are limited. Adenomyoepitheliomas are considered to be benign or have low malignant potential, and be prone to local recurrence. Malignant transformation has been associated with homozygous deletion of CDKN2A or somatic mutations in TERT, but remains unexplained in many cases. Here, we describe a case of carcinomatous transformation of both epithelial and myoepithelial cells in an estrogen receptor-negative adenomyoepithelioma caused by amplification of MYC. Break-apart fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed an increase in the MYC gene copy number (3–4 copies/cell in 37%, > 4 copies/cell in 40%). Deregulation of MYC is responsible for uncontrolled proliferation and cellular immortalization in basal-like breast cancers. Our case demonstrates that genomic instability events associated with gene amplification may be involved in the carcinogenesis of malignant adenomyoepitheliomas.


Subject(s)
Adenomyoepithelioma , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinogenesis , Estrogens , Fluorescence , Gene Amplification , Genes, myc , Genomic Instability , In Situ Hybridization , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Recurrence
17.
J Biosci ; 2019 Dec; 44(6): 1-8
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214211

ABSTRACT

The forkhead protein (FoxO) family plays a crucial role in regulating oxidative stress, cell proliferation, and apoptosis.FoxO6, a member of the FoxO family, helps regulate oxidative stress in gastric cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma.However, it is unclear whether FoxO6 participates in the protective effect of isoflurane preconditioning in liver injurycaused by oxidative stress in ischemia. In this study, we explored the role and mechanism of FoxO6 in the protective effectof isoflurane preconditioning during hepatocyte injury caused by oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). Cells from the humanfetal hepatocyte (LO2) line were incubated with 0%, 1%, 2%, 2.5%, 3%, 3.5%, 4%, or 5% isoflurane for 3 h and thenexposed to OGD. Data showed that 3% isoflurane preconditioning inhibited FoxO6 expression, caspase-3 activity, andreactive oxygen species production and promoted cell viability. FoxO6 overexpression abolished the effects of 3%isoflurane preconditioning on caspase-3 activity, reactive oxygen species production, and cell viability in these cells.Moreover, FoxO6 regulated nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2) expression via c-Myc after 3% isofluranepreconditioning and OGD exposure. Thus, isoflurane preconditioning prevented OGD-induced injury in LO2 cells bymodulating FoxO6, c-Myc, and Nrf2 signaling

18.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 23(2): 41-44, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042750

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) makes up from 25% to 40% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) and is the most common histological subtype worldwide. In Ecuador, DLBCL makes up 49% of all NHL cases, but there have been no studies on the immunophenotypic classificationof DLBCL in germinal center (GC) and non-germinal center (NGC)subtypes.This study was conducted to ascertain the immunophenotypic profile of DLBCL in an Ecuadorian hospital. Methods: A total of 38 DLBCL cases from 2006 to 2015 were compiled from the Pathology Service at Metropolitan Hospital (HM) in Quito, Ecuador. Eleven of these cases failed to meet the inclusion criteria; thus, the final sample consisted of 27 cases. Manual tissue microarrays were constructed, and three immunohistochemical markers (CD10, BCL6, and MUM1) were applied according to the Hans algorithm; in addition, the expression of the c-myc protein expression was also investigated. Results: The results showed that 77.8% of cases were of the GC subtype, 11.1% were NGC, and 11.1% were unclassifiable according to the Hans algorithm. Conclusions: The most frequent DLBCL subtype was GC, with 21 cases; and 40.7% of these cases overexpressed c-myc.


Resumen Antecedentes: El linfoma difuso de células grandes B (LDCGB) constituye el 25 al 40% del total de los linfomas no Hodgkin (LNH) y es el subtipo histológico más frecuente en el mundo. En Ecuador el LDCGB corresponde al 49% del total de los casos de LNH, sin embargo no hay estudios de clasificación inmunofenotípica del LDCGB en centro germinal (CG) y no centro germinal (NCG). Este estudio se realizó para conocer el perfil inmunofenotípico del LDCGB en un hospital de Ecuador. Métodos: Se recopiló del Servicio de Patología del Hospital Metropolitano de Quito, Ecuador, un total de 38 casos de LDCGB desde el 2006 al 2015, de los cuales 11 no cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. La muestra final fue de 27 casos. Se realizaron microarreglos tisulares manuales para la aplicación de tres marcadores de inmunohistoquímica según el algoritmo de Hans (CD10, BCL6 y MUM1) y luego se correlacionó con la sobreexpresión de la proteína c-MYC. Resultados: El 77,8% de casos fue tipo CG, 11,1% fue NCG y 11,1% fueron inclasificables según Hans. Conclusiones: El subtipo de LDCGB más frecuente fue CG con 21 casos y de estos 40,7% sobreexpresaron c-MYC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Ecuador , Protein C , Hospitals
19.
Medwave ; 19(7): e7674, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015274

ABSTRACT

La afectación ovárica como debut de un linfoma de Burkitt sin enfermedad extraovárica detectable es anecdótica, por lo que habitualmente no se incluye como hipótesis diagnóstica tras el hallazgo de una tumoración ovárica. Su desconocimiento lleva a realizar un tratamiento equivocado que puede llegar a comprometer el deseo reproductivo de la paciente. Presentamos el caso de una paciente que presenta un linfoma de Burkitt con afectación ovárica como manifestación inicial. La paciente desarrolló una progresión sistemática excepcionalmente rápida. A propósito de este caso y de su inusual evolución, revisamos la literatura existente.


Ovarian involvement as the initial manifestation of a Burkitt lymphoma without detectable extra-ovarian disease is rare, which is why it is usually not included in the differential diagnosis when an ovarian tumor is detected. A missed diagnosis will lead to the wrong treatment being given, and this can compromise any future reproductive wishes of the patient. In this article, a patient presents a Burkitt lymphoma with ovarian involvement as an initial manifestation and an unusually rapid systemic progression of the disease. Prompted by this case and its unusual course, we reviewed the existing literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Burkitt Lymphoma/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/pathology , Disease Progression , Diagnosis, Differential
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