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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cytotoxic, apoptotic and inhibitory activities on cell migration and invasion of plumbagin in the human cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cell line (CL-6) in comparison with human embryonic fibroblast cell line (OUMS).Methods:Cytotoxicity activity was evaluated using MTT assay. Inhibitory effect on cell migration and invasion were investigated using label-free real-time cell analysis and QCM ECMatrix cell invasion chamber, respectively. Apoptotic activity was evaluated using flow cytometry and CellEvent™ Caspase 3/7 assay.Results:Based on results of the cytotoxicity test in CL-6 cells, 50% inhibitory concentration (ICConclusions:The cytotoxic activity and inhibition of migration and invasion including apoptosis induction in the human CCA cell line (CL-6) suggest that plumbagin could be a promising candidate for CCA chemotherapeutics. However, its relatively low selective cytotoxic effect on CCA cells is a major concern.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608187

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biological effects of exosomes secreted by KYSE410 cells on migration and invasion of KYSE410,KYSE510,YES2 cells and the possible mechanisms underlying the phenotype change.Methods The exosomes were isolated from the conditional supernatant of esophageal cancer cell line KYSE410 by ultracentrifugation.The morphology of exosomes was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).Western blotting was used to detect the protein markers of exosomes.The uptaken of fluorescence-labeled KYSE410 exosomes by KYSE410,KYSE510 and YES2 was also recorded under confocal microscopy.Migration and invasion ability of the three esophageal carcinoma cell lines and the effects of exosomes from KYSE410 on migration and invasion of KYSE410,KYSE510 and YES2 cells were analyzed by Transwell chamber,respectively.The alteration of Wnt/β-catenin and PI3K/Akt pathway-related proteins were detected by Western blotting.Results The membrane structure of KYSE410 derived exosomes could be observed with its diameter ranged between 30-100nm.The invasion and migration ability of three esophageal cancer cells are KYSE410> KYSE510> YES2.KYSE410 exosomes promoted the migration and invasion of KYSE410,KYSE510 and YES2 cells.Conclusions Concentrated exosomes derived from the highly migratory and invasive esophageal cancer cell line KYSE410 promoted the migration and invasion potentials of itself and esophageal cancer cell lines KYSE510 and YES2,which possibly exerted the effects by activating Wnt/β-catenin and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686198

ABSTRACT

Akt1 is a serine-threonine protein kinase that has been implicated in the control of cellular metabolism,survival and growth.Elevated expression of Akt1 has been noted in a significant percentage of human tumors,promoting cellular metastasis.Conversely,some studies have revealed hyperactivated Akt1 inhibited the invasiveness and metastasis of breast cancer cells.To clarify the definite effect of Akt1 on tumorigenesis and development,Akt1 was silenced by RNAi in the highly metastatic murine breast cancer 4T1 cells.Akt1 silencing didn't affect the proliferation of breast cancer cells in MTT assay,while reduced the migration in Transwell assay.Consistent with the above results,Akt1 silencing didn't change the primary tumor weight,but significantly suppressed lung metastasis of 4T1 cells.These observations indicated Akt1 plays an important role in murine breast cancer metastasis,and suggested that Akt1 might be a therapeutic target for breast cancer metastasis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590254

ABSTRACT

Previous work showed that there was high ratio of Mycoplasma hyorhinis infection in human gastric carcinoma. P37 protein is a membrane lipoprotein of Mycoplasma hyorhinis. It was reported that P37 inhibited cell adhesion and induced tumor invasiveness. To investigate the function of P37 in cancer development, the p37 gene was subcloned into shuttle vector of pAdTrack-CMV. Linearized pAdTrack-CMV-p37 was co-transformed into BJ5183 cells with adenoviral genomic plasmid pAdEasy-1. The identified recombinant DNA was transfected into 293 cells to package adenovirus. From the supernatant and cell lysis, the presence of recombinant adenovirus P37 was proved by PCR. And then BICR cells with this recombinant adenovirus of P37 were successfully infected. RT-PCR and Western blot demonstrated the transcription and expression of P37 in infected BICR cells. And the soluble P37 protein can be secreted into the culture supernatant of infected BICR cells. In the migration assay in vitro, the number of migration BICR cells infected with Ad-p37 was 52.03% more than that of control. The construction of recombinant adenovirus provided a good tool for studying P37 function and its molecular mechanism, which will be further used for in vivo migration and invasion experiments.

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