Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 31.852
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250556, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360208

ABSTRACT

Abstract Exosomes are 30-120nm bio particles transferred from donor to recipient cells leading to modification in their regulatory mechanisms depending upon the coded message in the form of loaded biomolecule. Cancer cells derived exosomes the true representatives of the parent cells have been found to modify the tumor surrounding/distinct regions and participate in metastasis, angiogenesis and immune suppression. Tis study was aimed to study the effects of tumor mice derived exosomes on the normal mice spleen isolated T cells by using co-culture experiments and flow cytometer analysis. We mainly focused on some of the T cells population and cytokines including IFN-γ, FOXP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells and KI67 (proliferation marker). Overall results indicated random changes in different set of experiments, where the cancer derived exosomes reduced the IFN-γ expression in both CD4 and CD8 T cells, similarly the Treg cells were also found decreased in the presence of cancer exosomes. No significant changes were observed on the Ki67 marker expression. Such studies are helpful in understanding the role of cancer exosomes in immune cells suppression in tumor microenvironment. Cancer exosomes will need to be validated in vivo and in vitro on a molecular scale in detail for clinical applications.


Resumo Os exossomos são biopartículas de 30-120 nm transferidas de células doadoras para células receptoras, levando à modificação em seus mecanismos reguladores, dependendo da mensagem codificada na forma de biomolécula carregada. Verificou-se que exossomos derivados de células cancerosas - os verdadeiros representantes das células-mãe - modificam as regiões circundantes / distintas do tumor e participam da metástase, angiogênese e imunossupressão. Este estudo teve como objetivo estudar os efeitos de exossomos derivados de camundongos com tumor nas células T isoladas de baço de camundongos normais, usando experimentos de cocultura e análise de citômetro de fluxo. Concentrou-se, principalmente, em algumas populações de células T e citocinas, incluindo IFN-γ, células T reguladoras FOXP3 + (Treg) e KI67 (marcador de proliferação). Os resultados gerais indicaram mudanças aleatórias em diferentes conjuntos de experimentos, em que os exossomos derivados de câncer reduziram a expressão de IFN-γ em células T CD4 e CD8, da mesma forma que as células Treg também foram encontradas diminuídas na presença de exossomos de câncer. Nenhuma mudança significativa foi observada na expressão do marcador Ki67. Esses dados são úteis para a compreensão do papel dos exossomos do câncer na supressão de células do sistema imunológico no microambiente tumoral. Exossomos de câncer precisarão ser validados in vivo e in vitro em escala molecular com detalhes para aplicações clínicas.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255529, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364534

ABSTRACT

Abstract Reports from popular medicine usually act as a basis for the development of new drugs from natural compounds with therapeutic actions for serious diseases and prevalence such as cancer. Bromelia antiacantha Bertol. is a species of the Bromeliaceae family, considered an unconventional food plant, found in the south and midwest regions of Brazil. Despite the high nutritional content and pharmacological potential of its fruits, few scientific studies report its biological actions. Thus, this study evaluates the phytochemical profile of aqueous and ethanol extracts obtained from B. antiacantha fruits, as well as their possible antioxidant, antitumor, and cytotoxic activities. The aqueous extract exhibited phenolic compounds and flavonoids, while ethanol extracts indicated the presence of flavonoids and coumarin in their composition, regardless of the region of collection. The ethanolic extract demonstrated a more promising antioxidant effect than the aqueous extract and also induced a significant inhibition in the viability of human cervical cancer cells of the SiHa strain. In addition, treatment with both extracts did not alter the viability of non-tumor cells of the immortalized human keratinocyte lineage (HaCaT). These results bring new data about extracts obtained from a native plant, edible and traditionally used in popular medicine, opening new perspectives for its possible therapeutic application.


Resumo Relatos da medicina popular costumam atuar como referencial para o desenvolvimento de novos fármacos a partir de moléculas naturais com ações terapêuticas para doenças de alta gravidade e prevalência como o câncer. Bromelia antiacantha Bertol. é uma espécie da família Bromeliaceae, considerada uma planta alimentícia não convencional (PANC), encontrada nas regiões sul e centro-oeste do Brasil. Apesar do alto teor nutritivo e potencial farmacológico de seus frutos, poucos estudos científicos relatam suas ações biológicas. Desta forma, este estudo avalia o perfil fitoquímico de extratos aquoso e etanólico obtidos de frutos de B. antiacantha, bem como a sua possível ação antioxidante, antitumoral e citotóxica. O extrato aquoso apresentou compostos fenólicos e flavonoides, enquanto os extratos etanólicos apontam a presença de flavonóides e cumarina em sua composição, independente da região de coleta. O extrato etanólico demonstrou efeito antioxidante mais promissor do que o extrato aquoso e também induziu uma inibição significativa na viabilidade de células humanas de câncer cervical da linhagem SiHa. Além disso, o tratamento com ambos extratos não alterou a viabilidade de células não tumorais da linhagem de queratinócitos humanos imortalizados (HaCaT). Estes dados trazem novas informações sobre extratos obtidos de uma espécie vegetal nativa, comestível e já utilizada tradicionalmente, mas abrindo novas perspectivas quanto a possíveis aplicações terapêuticas.

3.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250575, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cancer is a fatal malignancy and its increasing worldwide prevalence demands the discovery of more sensitive and reliable molecular biomarkers. To investigate the GINS1 expression level and its prognostic value in distinct human cancers using a series of multi-layered in silico approach may help to establish it as a potential shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of different cancer subtypes. The GINS1 mRNA, protein expression, and promoter methylation were analyzed using UALCAN and Human Protein Atlas (HPA), while mRNA expression was further validated via GENT2. The potential prognostic values of GINS1 were evaluated through KM plotter. Then, cBioPortal was utilized to examine the GINS1-related genetic mutations and copy number variations (CNVs), while pathway enrichment analysis was performed using DAVID. Moreover, a correlational analysis between GINS1 expression and CD8+ T immune cells and a the construction of gene-drug interaction network was performed using TIMER, CDT, and Cytoscape. The GINS1 was found down-regulated in a single subtypes of human cancer while commonly up-regulated in 23 different other subtypes. The up-regulation of GINS1 was significantly correlated with the poor overall survival (OS) of Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC), Lung Adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC). The GINS1 was also found up-regulated in LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC patients of different clinicopathological features. Pathways enrichment analysis revealed the involvement of GINS1 in two diverse pathways, while few interesting correlations were also documented between GINS1 expression and its promoter methylation level, CD8+ T immune cells level, and CNVs. Moreover, we also predicted few drugs that could be used in the treatment of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC by regulating the GINS1 expression. The expression profiling of GINS1 in the current study has suggested it a novel shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC.


Resumo O câncer é uma doença maligna fatal e sua crescente prevalência mundial exige a descoberta de biomarcadores moleculares mais sensíveis e confiáveis. Investigar o nível de expressão de GINS1 e seu valor prognóstico em cânceres humanos distintos, usando uma série de abordagens in silico em várias camadas, pode ajudar a estabelecê-lo como um potencial biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de diferentes subtipos de câncer. O mRNA de GINS1, a expressão da proteína e a metilação do promotor foram analisados ​​usando UALCAN e Human Protein Atlas (HPA), enquanto a expressão de mRNA foi posteriormente validada via GENT2. Os valores prognósticos potenciais de GINS1 foram avaliados por meio do plotter KM. Em seguida, o cBioPortal foi utilizado para examinar as mutações genéticas relacionadas ao GINS1 e as variações do número de cópias (CNVs), enquanto a análise de enriquecimento da via foi realizada usando DAVID. Além disso, uma análise correlacional entre a expressão de GINS1 e células imunes T CD8 + e a construção de uma rede de interação gene-droga foi realizada usando TIMER, CDT e Cytoscape. O GINS1 foi encontrado regulado negativamente em um único subtipo de câncer humano, enquanto comumente regulado positivamente em 23 outros subtipos diferentes. A regulação positiva de GINS1 foi significativamente correlacionada com a sobrevida global pobre (OS) de Carcinoma Hepatocelular de Fígado (LIHC), Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão (LUAD) e Carcinoma de Células Claras Renais de Rim (KIRC). O GINS1 também foi encontrado regulado positivamente em pacientes LIHC, LUAD e KIRC de diferentes características clínico-patológicas. A análise de enriquecimento de vias revelou o envolvimento de GINS1 em duas vias diversas, enquanto poucas correlações interessantes também foram documentadas entre a expressão de GINS1 e seu nível de metilação do promotor, nível de células imunes T CD8 + e CNVs. Além disso, também previmos poucos medicamentos que poderiam ser usados ​​no tratamento de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC, regulando a expressão de GINS1. O perfil de expressão de GINS1 no estudo atual sugeriu que é um novo biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , DNA-Binding Proteins , DNA Copy Number Variations
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253183, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355858

ABSTRACT

Abstract Nanoparticles are considered viable options in the treatment of cancer. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs) and magnetite folate core shell (MFCS) on leukemic and hepatocarcinoma cell cultures as well as their effect on the animal model of acute myelocytic leukemia (AML). Through current study nanoparticles were synthesized, characterized by various techniques, and their properties were studied to confirm their nanostructure. Invivo study, nanoparticles were evaluated to inspect their cytotoxic activity against SNU-182 (human hepatocellular carcinoma), K562 (human leukemia), and THLE2 (human normal epithelial liver) cells via MTT test. Apoptotic signaling proteins Bcl-2 and Caspase-3 expression were inspected through RT-PCR method. A cytotoxic effect of MNPs and MFCS was detected in previous cell cultures. Moreover, the apoptosis was identified through significant up-regulation of caspase-3, with Bcl-2 down-regulation. Invitro study, AML was induced in rats by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea followed by oral treatment with MNPS and MFCS. Biochemical indices such as aspartate and alanine amino transferases, and lactate dehydrogenase activities, uric acid, complete blood count, and Beta -2-microglubulin were assessed in serum. Immunophenotyping for CD34 and CD38 detection was performed. Liver, kidney, and bone marrow were microscopically examined. Bcl-2 promoter methylation, and mRNA levels were examined. Although, both MNPs and MFCS depict amelioration in biochemical parameters, MFCS alleviated them toward normal control. Anticancer activity of MNPs and MFCS was approved especially for AML. Whenever, administration of MFCS was more effective than MNPs. The present work is one of few studies used MFCS as anticancer agent.


Resumo Nanopartículas são consideradas opções viáveis ​​no tratamento do câncer. Este estudo foi conduzido para investigar o efeito de nanopartículas de magnetita (MNPs) e núcleo de folato de magnetita (MFCS) em culturas de células leucêmicas e de hepatocarcinoma, bem como seu efeito no modelo animal de leucemia mielocítica aguda (LMA). Através do atual estudo, nanopartículas foram sintetizadas, caracterizadas por várias técnicas, e suas propriedades foram estudadas para confirmar sua nanoestrutura. No estudo in vivo, as nanopartículas foram avaliadas para inspecionar sua atividade citotóxica contra células SNU-182 (carcinoma hepatocelular humano), K562 (leucemia humana) e THLE2 (fígado epitelial humano normal) por meio do teste MTT. A expressão das proteínas sinalizadoras apoptóticas Bcl-2 e Caspase-3 foram inspecionadas através do método RT-PCR. Um efeito citotóxico de MNPs e MFCS foi detectado em culturas de células anteriores. Além disso, a apoptose foi identificada por meio de regulação positiva significativa da Caspase-3, com regulação negativa de Bcl-2. No estudo in vitro, a AML foi induzida em ratos por N-metil-N-nitrosoureia seguida por tratamento oral com MNPS e MFCS. Índices bioquímicos como aspartato e alanina aminotransferases e atividades de lactato desidrogenase, ácido úrico, hemograma completo e Beta-2-microglubulina foram avaliados no soro. A imunofenotipagem para detecção de CD34 e CD38 foi realizada. Fígado, rim e medula óssea foram examinados microscopicamente. A metilação do promotor Bcl-2 e os níveis de mRNA foram examinados. Embora tanto os MNPs quanto os MFCS representem uma melhora nos parâmetros bioquímicos, o MFCS os aliviou em direção ao controle normal. A atividade anticâncer de MNPs e MFCS foi aprovada especialmente para AML. Sempre, a administração de MFCS foi mais eficaz do que MNPs. O presente trabalho é um dos poucos estudos que utilizou o MFCS como agente anticâncer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Liver Neoplasms , Ferric Compounds , Folic Acid
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e249424, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345538

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hypoxia is a prominent feature of head and neck cancer. However, the oxygen element characteristics of proteins and how they adapt to hypoxia microenvironments of head and neck cancer are still unknown. Human genome sequences and proteins expressed data of head and neck cancer were retrieved from pathology atlas of Human Protein Atlas project. Then compared the oxygen and carbon element contents between proteomes of head and neck cancer and normal oral mucosa-squamous epithelial cells, genome locations, pathways, and functional dissection associated with head and neck cancer were also studied. A total of 902 differentially expressed proteins were observed where the average oxygen content is higher than that of the lowly expressed proteins in head and neck cancer proteins. Further, the average oxygen content of the up regulated proteins was 2.54% higher than other. None of their coding genes were distributed on the Y chromosome. The up regulated proteins were enriched in endocytosis, apoptosis and regulation of actin cytoskeleton. The increased oxygen contents of the highly expressed and the up regulated proteins might be caused by frequent activity of cytoskeleton and adapted to the rapid growth and fast division of the head and neck cancer cells. The oxygen usage bias and key proteins may help us to understand the mechanisms behind head and neck cancer in targeted therapy, which lays a foundation for the application of stoichioproteomics in targeted therapy and provides promise for potential treatments for head and neck cancer.


Resumo A hipóxia é uma característica proeminente do câncer de cabeça e pescoço. No entanto, as características do elemento oxigênio das proteínas e como elas se adaptam aos microambientes de hipóxia do câncer de cabeça e pescoço ainda são desconhecidas. Sequências do genoma humano e dados expressos de proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço foram recuperados do atlas de patologia do projeto Human Protein Atlas. Em seguida, comparou o conteúdo do elemento de oxigênio e carbono entre proteomas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço, e células epiteliais escamosas da mucosa oral normal, localizações do genoma, vias e dissecção funcional associada ao câncer de cabeça e pescoço também foram estudadas. Um total de 902 proteínas expressas diferencialmente foi observado onde o conteúdo médio de oxigênio é maior do que as proteínas expressas de forma humilde em proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Além disso, o conteúdo médio de oxigênio das proteínas reguladas positivamente foi 2,54% maior do que das outras. Nenhum de seus genes codificadores foi distribuído no cromossomo Y. As proteínas reguladas positivamente foram enriquecidas em endocitose, apoptose e regulação do citoesqueleto de actina. O conteúdo aumentado de oxigênio das proteínas altamente expressas e reguladas pode ser causado pela atividade frequente do citoesqueleto e adaptado ao rápido crescimento e divisão das células cancerosas de cabeça e pescoço. O viés do uso de oxigênio e as proteínas-chave podem nos ajudar a entender os mecanismos por trás do câncer de cabeça e pescoço na terapia direcionada, o que estabelece uma base para a aplicação da estequioproteômica na terapia direcionada e oferece uma promessa para potenciais tratamentos para o câncer de cabeça e pescoço.


Subject(s)
Humans , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics , Oxygen , Carbon , Proteome/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248746, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339351

ABSTRACT

Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers leading to comorbidities and mortalities globally. The rational of current study was to evaluate the combined epigallocatechin gallate and quercetin as a potent antitumor agent as commentary agent for therapeutic protocol. The present study investigated the effect of epigallocatechin Gallate (EGCG) (150mg) and quercetin (200mg) at different proportions on proliferation and induction of apoptosis in human colon cancer cells (HCT-116). Cell growth, colonogenic, Annexin V in addition cell cycle were detected in response to phytomolecules. Data obtained showed that, the colony formation was inhibited significantly in CRC starting from the lowest concentration tested of 10 µg/mL resulting in no colonies as visualized by a phase-contrast microscope. Data showed a significant elevation in the annexin V at 100 µg/mL EGCG(25.85%) and 150 µg/mL quercetin (48.35%). Moreover, cell cycle analysis showed that this combination caused cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase at concentration of 100 µg/mL (72.7%) and 150 µg/mL (75.25%). The combined effect of epigallocatechin Gallate and quercetin exert antiproliferative activity against CRC, it is promising in alternative conventional chemotherapeutic agent.


Resumo O câncer colorretal (CCR) é um dos cânceres mais comuns, levando a comorbidades e mortalidade em todo o mundo. O racional do presente estudo foi avaliar a combinação de galato de epigalocatequina e quercetina como um agente antitumoral potente como agente de comentário para protocolo terapêutico. O presente estudo investigou o efeito de galato de epigalocatequina (EGCG) (150 mg) e quercetina (200 mg) em diferentes proporções na proliferação e indução de apoptose em células de câncer de cólon humano (HCT-116). O crescimento celular, colonogênico, anexina V, além do ciclo celular foram detectados em resposta a fitomoléculas. Os dados obtidos mostraram que a formação de colônias foi inibida significativamente no CRC a partir da concentração mais baixa testada de 10 µg/mL, resultando em nenhuma colônia conforme visualizado por um microscópio de contraste de fase. Os dados mostraram uma elevação significativa na anexina V a 100 µg/mL de EGCG (25,85%) e 150 µg/mL de quercetina (48,35%). Além disso, a análise do ciclo celular mostrou que essa combinação causou parada do ciclo celular na fase G1 na concentração de 100 µg/mL (72,7%) e 150 µg/mL (75,25%). O efeito combinado da epigalocatequina galato e quercetina exerce atividade antiproliferativa contra o CCR, é promissor como agente quimioterápico alternativo convencional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Catechin/analogs & derivatives , Catechin/pharmacology , Quercetin/pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Annexin A5 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation
7.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(2): 32-39, 20220801.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380303

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer diferenciado de tiroides (CDT) se encuentra representado por el carcinoma papilar y el carcinoma folicular. Comprende la gran mayoría (>90%) de todos los cánceres de tiroides. Objetivos: Estratificar el riesgo de recurrencia inicial de los pacientes con CDT. Relacionar la edad, sexo y tamaño tumoral con el riesgo de recurrencia, invasión capsular, ganglionar, vascular y de tejido peritiroideo. Materiales y métodos: Estratificar el riesgo de recurrencia inicial de los pacientes con CDT. Relacionar la edad, sexo y tamaño tumoral con el riesgo de recurrencia, invasión capsular, ganglionar, vascular y de tejido peritiroideo. Resultados: El 87% fueron del sexo femenino. La edad media fue de 43±14 años. Predominó el riesgo de recurrencia bajo en el 49% de los pacientes, seguido del riesgo intermedio (33%) y riesgo alto (18%). El tamaño tumoral ˃1cm confiere mayor riesgo de ser estratificado como riesgo de recurrencia intermedio/alto (OR 5,7 IC 95% 3,6-9). El sexo masculino representó mayor riesgo de invasión ganglionar (OR 2,8 IC 95% 1,2-6,6); la edad ≥55 años lo fue en la invasión vascular (OR 2,1 IC 95% 1,1-4,1); el tamaño >1cm constituyó un mayor riesgo de manera significativa de invasión capsular (OR 10,5 IC 95% 6,5-17), invasión ganglionar (OR 10,2 IC 95% 3,8-26,9), invasión vascular (OR 30,7 IC 95% 4,2-224) e invasión de tejido peritiroideo (OR 5,2 IC 95% 3,3-8,2). Conclusión: El riesgo de recurrencia inicial más frecuente fue el riesgo bajo. El sexo masculino, la edad ≥55años y el tamaño >1cm constituyen factores de riesgo de invasión a estructuras vecinas.


Introduction: Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is represented by papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma. It comprises the vast majority (> 90%) of all thyroid cancers. Objectives: Stratify the risk of initial recurrence of patients with DTC. Relate age, sex, and tumor size to the risk of recurrence, capsular, nodal, vascular, and perithyroid tissue invasion. Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study with an analytical component. A total of 432 patients with a diagnosis of DTC from Hospital de Clínicas, Instituto de Previsión Social and Instituto Nacional del Cáncer between 2011 and 2015 were included. Results: 87% were female. The mean age was 43 ± 14 years. Low recurrence risk predominated in 49% of patients, followed by intermediate risk (33%) and high risk (18%). Male sex, age ≥55 years and tumor size ˃1cm confer a higher risk of being stratified as intermediate / high recurrence risk, but only size> 1cm was significantly (OR 5.7 95% CI 3.6-9). Male sex represented a higher risk of lymph node invasion (OR 3.1 95% CI 1.4-2.8) and vascular invasion (OR 2.3 95% CI 1.1-4.8); age ≥55 years was in the vascular invasion (OR 2.6 95% CI 1.4-4.9); size> 1cm constituted a significantly higher risk of capsular invasion (OR 10.7 95% CI 6.7-17.3), nodal invasion (OR 10.5 95% CI 4-27.7), vascular invasion (OR 33 95% CI 4.5-244) and invasion of perithyroid tissue (OR 5.1 95% CI 3.2-8.1). Conclusion: The most frequent initial recurrence risk was low risk. Male sex, age ≥55 years, and size> 1cm are risk factors for invasion of neighboring structures.


Subject(s)
Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lymph Nodes , Risk , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
8.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(2): 97-104, 20220801.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380451

ABSTRACT

El adenocarcinoma pancreático ductal (APD) es la cuarta causa de muerte por cáncer y se proyecta que para el 2030 ocupe el segundo lugar. El pronóstico es sombrío, siendo la sobrevida menor a 9% en 5 años. Se consideró durante mucho tiempo a la resección quirúrgica como el único tratamiento curativo, sin embargo, sólo el 15 a 20% de los pacientes pueden ser beneficiados con la misma. La clasificación pre terapéutica más utilizada es la del National Comprehensive Cáncer Network (NCCN), basada en la relación del tumor con estructuras vasculares, clasificándolos en tumores "resecables", de resección límite "Borderlines" y "localmente avanzados". Se presenta el primer caso registrado en Paraguay de APD con infiltración de la Vena Mesentérica Superior (VMS) tratado con duodenopancreatectomía cefálica (DPC) asociada a resección vascular mayor.


Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is the fourth leading cause of cancer death and is projected to rank second by 2030. The prognosis is bleak, with survival being less than 9% in 5 years. For a long time, surgical resection was considered the only curative treatment, however, only 15 to 20% of patients can benefit from it. The most widely used pre-therapeutic classification is that of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), based on the relationship of the tumor with vascular structures, classifying them into "resectable", "borderline" and "locally advanced" tumors. We present the first registered case in Paraguay of PDA with infiltration of the Superior Mesenteric Vein (SMV) treated with cephalic duodenopancreatectomy (CPD) associated with major vascular resection.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Proctectomy/methods
9.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 50(2): e500, Jan.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376824

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Administering systemic lidocaine has been shown to deliver effective analgesia for both cancer-related and non-cancer pain. Adverse effects and toxicity are rare with controlled administration. Objective To report the results obtained after the indication to manage with IV lidocaine infusion to control neuropathic pain fiares in 9 cancer patients. Methodology Observational, descriptive, case series-type study. A search was conducted in the files of the Pain and Palliative Care Service of the National Cancer Institute - Instituto Nacional de Cancerología - in Bogotá. Patients over 18 years old diagnosed with cancer, who experienced high intensity neuropathic pain and with the cognitive ability to rate their pain in a numerical analogue scale (NAS), without any absolute contraindications for the use of IV lidocaine were included; patients were assessed between September 27 and November 21, 2019. Results 9 patients experiencing a pain flare-up which was characterized as neuropathic were registered, of which 89 % had some improvement following the administration of an initial lidocaine bolus. After one hour, 60 % reported over 40% improvement in the initial NAS. After 24 hours all patients had experienced some improvement, with a reduction of 46% in the pain scale as compared to the baseline. Conclusions In this series of cases, the intravenous infusion of lidocaine as an option for the management of neuropathic pain flares seems to reduce pain intensity following the initial bolus administration.


Resumen Introducción Se ha encontrado que la administración de lidocaína sistémica proporciona analgesia efectiva tanto en el dolor relacionado con cáncer como en el dolor no oncológico; se ha evidenciado que los efectos adversos y la toxicidad son raros en administraciones controladas. Objetivo Informar los resultados obtenidos luego de indicar el manejo con infusión de lidocaína endovenosa para control de crisis de dolor neuropático en 9 pacientes con cáncer. Metodología Estudio observacional descriptivo tipo serie de casos. Se realizó una búsqueda en la bitácora del Servicio de Dolor y Cuidados Paliativos del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Bogotá. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 años diagnosticados con cáncer, que cursaban con dolor neuropático de alta intensidad, con la capacidad cognitiva de calificar su dolor en una escala numérica análoga (ENA), sin contraindicaciones absolutas para uso de lidocaína endovenosa y que fueron valorados entre el 27 de septiembre y el 21 de noviembre de 2019. Resultados Se registraron 9 pacientes con crisis de dolor caracterizado como neuropático, de los cuales el 89 % tuvo algún grado de mejoría luego de la administración del bolo inicial de lidocaína. Pasada una hora, en el 60 % se observó una mejoría de más del 40 % de la ENA inicial. A las 24 horas, todos los pacientes experimentaron alguna mejoría, logrando una disminución en la puntuación del dolor según la ENA del 46 % en relación con la inicial. Conclusión En esta serie de casos, la lidocaína en infusión endovenosa se muestra como una opción para el manejo de las crisis de dolor neuropático, pues reduce la intensidad del dolor después del paso del bolo inicial.

10.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 50(2): e501, Jan.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376825

ABSTRACT

Abstract The advent of the erector spinae plane block brought a new therapeutic option in a multimodal analgesia strategy, as evidenced in this case, which describes a five-year old pre-school patient who presented with severe abdominal cancer pain, secondary to an abdominal neuroblastoma, with partial high-dose opioid response, undergoing bilateral erector spinal plane block. The technique used did not give rise to complications and proved to be effective in blocking pain and reducing the opioid dosage 36 hours after the procedure. The paper discusses the variables involved in the administration mode (continuous infusion vs. bolus) and the benefit for optimal analgesia in the pediatric oncology setting.


Resumen Con la aparición del bloqueo del plano erector espinal surgen nuevas alternativas terapéuticas dentro de una estrategia de analgesia multimodal, tal como se puede apreciar en este caso, en el cual se describe un paciente preescolar de cinco años, quien cursó con dolor abdominal oncológico intenso secundario a neuroblastoma abdominal con respuesta parcial a opioides en dosis altas y en el que se empleó el bloqueo mencionado aplicado bilateralmente. La técnica empleada no generó complicaciones y demostró ser efectiva al permitir el control del dolor y la disminución de las dosis de opioides en las 36 horas posteriores a su colocación. Se plantea la discusión de variables con relación a la forma de administración (infusión continua vs. bolo) y la utilidad en la optimización analgésica en el contexto oncológico pediátrico.

11.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 349-355, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377377

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a type of cancer caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between awareness of cervical cancer and HPV infection and attitudes towards HPV vaccine among women aged 15-49 years. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at Karabük Training and Research Hospital, Turkey. METHODS: 500 women who visited the gynecology outpatient clinic of a public hospital between July 15 and December 31, 2019, were selected through random sampling. Data were collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire comprising nine questions (created by the researchers), the HPV and Cervical Cancer Awareness Questionnaire and the Carolina HPV Immunization Attitudes and Beliefs Scale. RESULTS: The relationship between the awareness questionnaire and the beliefs scale was explained through simple effect modeling of a structural equation. The women's knowledge score regarding cervical cancer and HPV infection was 4.69 ± 4.02 out of 15. Women were afraid of being diagnosed with cervical cancer and HPV infection, but they did not have sufficient information. They had poor information about the HPV vaccine, did not know how to obtain the vaccine and did not have enough information about its benefits and harmful effects. Women who were afraid of getting cervical cancer, and who thought that they were at risk, had more information about the HPV vaccine. CONCLUSION: Women need information about cervical cancer, HPV infection and the HPV vaccine. Midwives, nurses and physicians who provide healthcare services in gynecological follow-ups should provide information to women about the HPV vaccine and cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/prevention & control , Papillomavirus Infections , Papillomavirus Vaccines , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 454-462, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377387

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Clinical assessment of head and neck cancers is highly challenging owing to the complexity of regional anatomy and wide range of lesions. The diagnostic evaluation includes detailed physical examination, biopsy and imaging modalities for disease extent and staging. Appropriate imaging is done to enable determination of precise tumor extent and involvement of lymph nodes, and detection of distant metastases and second primary tumors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the initial staging discrepancy between conventional contrasted computed tomography (CT) and 18F-fluorodeoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) and its impact on management plans for head and neck malignancies. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective cross-sectional study in two tertiary-level hospitals. METHODS: This study included 30 patients with primary head and neck malignant tumors who underwent contrasted computed tomography and whole-body 18F-FDG PET/CT assessments. The staging and treatment plans were compared with the incremental information obtained after 18F-FDG PET/CT. RESULTS: 18F-FDG PET/CT was found to raise the stage in 33.3% of the cases and the treatment intent was altered in 43.3% of them, while there was no management change in the remaining 56.7%. 18F-FDG PET/CT had higher sensitivity (96% versus 89.2%) and accuracy (93% versus 86.7%) than conventional contrast-enhanced computed tomography. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that 18F-FDG PET/CT had higher sensitivity and accuracy for detecting head and neck malignancy, in comparison with conventional contrast-enhanced computed tomography. 18F-FDG PET/CT improved the initial staging and substantially impacted the management strategy for head and neck malignancies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Radiopharmaceuticals , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Positron-Emission Tomography , Neoplasm Staging
13.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 82(2): 297-299, mayo 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375874

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lung tumorlets are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms of 0.5 cm or less in diameter that extend beyond the basement membrane. Although they are associated with bronchiectasis and fibrosis they tend to be asymptomatic and behave in a benign way, usually being diagnosed as incidental microscopic nests of neuroendocrine cells in lung tissue. We present a case of a pulmonary tumorlet finding after right upper lobectomy for lung cancer.


Resumen. Los tumorlets pulmonares son neoplasias neuroendocrinas poco frecuentes, que se extienden más allá de la membrana basal y miden 0.5 cm o menos de diámetro. Aunque suelen asociarse a bronquiectasias y fibrosis pulmonar, suelen ser asintomáticas comportándose de una manera indolente, siendo usualmente diagnosticadas de forma incidental en el estudio microscópico de una pieza pulmonar. Presentamos el caso de un tumorlet pulmonar incidental luego de una lobectomía superior derecha por cáncer de pulmón.

14.
Saúde Redes ; 8(1): 283-293, 20220510.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378219

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Relatar a experiência da OncoDance, desde a sua origem até a nova configuração on-line, adaptada à pandemia. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, do tipo relato de experiência, desenvolvido a partir das ações da OncoDance, tanto em formato presencial quanto em formato on-line. A análise de dados ocorre por meio da observação participante. Resultados e discussão: A OncoDance é uma oficina gratuita e sistemática de dança para quem tem ou teve câncer. O trabalho é voluntário, e começou em 2014, inspirado em resultados positivos de pesquisas científicas. Associada à prevenção do câncer e de outras doenças, a dança pode proporcionar diversos benefícios para pacientes oncológicos, tais como: a mudança de como o praticante de dança percebe a si mesmo, e de como se sente percebido pelo outro; a redução da percepção de dor; a valorização da alteridade; a melhora da autoestima e o bem viver. O formato on-line é uma adaptação aos tempos de covid-19, e amplia a oficina sistemática para acompanhantes e pessoas envolvidas no cuidado oncológico. Considerações finais: Dançar é uma atividade associada à saúde. Na configuração gratuita, sistemática e on-line, a OncoDance amplia as possibilidades de acesso, e possibilita o estímulo ao movimento, mesmo em períodos de isolamento social.

15.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 42(1): 36-36, mayo 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371953

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de cavidad oral es la malignidad más frecuente dentro de los tumores de cabeza y cuello. El tratamiento estándar curativo corresponde a la cirugía radical cuyo resultado puede impactar de manera significativa la función y morfología del subsitio resecado. La transferencia de colgajos libres mediante técnicas quirúrgicas microvasculares permite expandir la capacidad de resección oncológica de manera segura con adecuada tasa de éxito limitando las secuelas. Caso clínico: Varón de 48 años con cáncer de lengua oral localmente avanzado tratado quirúrgicamente con hemiglosectomía izquierda extendida, disección ganglionar cervical bilateral y reconstrucción microvascularizada con un colgajo libre antebraquial radial. Discusión: Entre un 30% a 35% de las neoplasias de cavidad oral se presentan como enfermedad localmente avanzada. La reconstrucción intraoral suele ser un reto. La planificación quirúrgica del defecto anatómico y funcional son importantes para elegir la opción de reconstrucción y valorar el riesgo de complicaciones posoperatorias. Conclusión: La utilización de colgajos microvasculares libres en la reconstrucción oncológica es fundamental para restaurar el volumen y función de los tejidos afectados por la resección radical. El colgajo libre antebraquial radial es una herramienta versátil debido a sus características físicas y baja tasa de complicaciones en el sitio donante. (provisto por Infomedic International)


Introduction: Oral cavity cancer is the most frequent malignancy within head and neck tumors. The standard curative treatment corresponds to radical surgery whose outcome can significantly impact the function and morphology of the resected subsite. The transfer of free flaps by means of microvascular surgical techniques allows to expand the capacity of oncologic resection in a safe way with an adequate success rate limiting the sequelae. Case report: 48-year-old male with locally advanced oral tongue cancer treated surgically with extended left hemi glossectomy, bilateral cervical lymph node dissection and micro vascularized reconstruction with a radial antebrachial free flap. Discussion: 30% to 35% of oral cavity neoplasms present as locally advanced disease. Intraoral reconstruction is often a challenge. Surgical planning of the anatomic and functional defect are important in choosing the reconstruction option and assessing the risk of postoperative complications. Conclusion: The use of microvascular free flaps in oncologic reconstruction is essential to restore the volume and function of tissues affected by radical resection. The radial antebrachial free flap is a versatile tool due to its physical characteristics and low rate of complications at the donor site. (provided by Infomedic International)

16.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 42(1): 1-1, mayo 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371955

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de mama es una amenaza constante para todas las mujeres, y dentro de las neoplasias que las afecta es la más común. Proporcionalmente hablando, una de cada cuatro mujeres con una tumoración maligna, desarrollará cáncer de mama. Lamentablemente esta condición viene incrementándose con el paso del tiempo, a pesar del trabajo educativo de las organizaciones mundiales y regionales de salud, al igual que todos y cada uno de los países individualmente. Si es lamentable el elevado número de casos de cáncer de mamá en nuestra región, es alarmante la cantidad de mujeres que mueren por esta patología. Cerca del 15% de todas las muertes por cáncer tendrá como causa el cáncer de mama. Pero es alarmante que este número se mantiene en aumento con el pasar de los años, y es más preocupante que no solo se esté incrementando esta patología en mujeres cada ves más jóvenes, sino que su hallazgo inicial, en porcentaje importante de casos, se da ya con metástasis presente. Es urgente que, en América Latina, se incrementen las actividades tendientes a educar a las mujeres sobre este cuadro, como prevenirlo o detectarlo tempranamente, al igual que se incremente el número de equipos radiológicos para que más mujeres puedan ser atendidas tempranamente, y así reducir su incremento en la región. Por otra parte, es conocido el hecho de que la salud sexual y reproductiva es un derecho para todos, incluido en la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos. por consiguiente, este derecho específico debe ser observado por todos los países que integran las Naciones Unidas. Cuando hablamos de salud reproductiva, estamos señalando el derecho de poder tener hijos, decidiendo cuantos y donde. Por ende, es un derecho del hombre y la mujer como pareja, como familia y como una unidad. En nuestra región por cuestiones de educación mal entendida el machismo campea por todas partes, y relega a la mujer la prevención del embarazo no deseado, en momento y circunstancia, como si no fuera una responsabilidad compartida. Los métodos de planificación familiar se han desarrollado tanto para hombres como mujeres, son estas últimas las usuarias de estos métodos y muy poco los hombres. Esta tendencia está comenzando a cambiar en algunos países de nuestra América latina, en los cuales se ha introducido al hombre como participante, usando métodos para prevención de embarazos, lo cual es un gran paso hacia la corresponsabilidad de la pareja, en esta materia. En este número de la revista, se presenta un interesante estudio en el que se identifica por primera vez factores y necesidades insatisfechas de planificación familiar en hombres de América Latina, teniendo como foco del estudio países de América del Sur y Central. (provisto por Infomedic International)


Breast cancer is a constant threat to all women, and within the neoplasms that affect them is the most common. Proportionally speaking, one out of every four women with a malignant tumor will develop breast cancer. Unfortunately, this condition has been increasing with the passage of time, despite the educational work of world and regional health organizations, as well as each and every country individually. If the high number of cases of breast cancer in our region is regrettable, the number of women who die from this pathology is alarming. About 15% of all cancer deaths will be caused by breast cancer. But it is alarming that this number continues to increase over the years, and it is even more worrying that not only is this pathology increasing in younger and younger women, but also that its initial finding, in a significant percentage of cases, is already metastatic. It is urgent that, in Latin America, the activities aimed at educating women about this condition, how to prevent it or detect it early, as well as increasing the number of radiological equipment so that more women can be treated early, and thus reduce its increase in the region, are increased. On the other hand, it is well known that sexual and reproductive health is a right for all, included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and therefore, this specific right must be observed by all the countries that make up the United Nations. When we speak of reproductive health, we are referring to the right to be able to have children, deciding how many and where. Therefore, it is a right of men and women as a couple, as a family and as a unit. In our region, due to misunderstood education, machismo is everywhere, and relegates to women the prevention of unwanted pregnancies, at any time and in any circumstance, as if it were not a shared responsibility. Family planning methods have been developed for both men and women, with the latter being the users of these methods and very few men. This trend is beginning to change in some Latin American countries, where men have been introduced as participants, using methods for pregnancy prevention, which is a big step towards the co-responsibility of the couple in this matter.In this issue of the magazine, we present an interesting study that identifies for the first time factors and unmet needs for family planning in Latin American men, focusing on South and Central American countries. (provided by Infomedic International)

17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(4): 470-475, Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376146

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Heat shock protein A2 has been reported to be tightly associated with tumorigenesis and tumor progression. This study aimed to determine the oncogenic and immunological roles of Heat shock protein A2 in pancreatic cancer by bioinformatics. METHODS: Expression of Heat shock protein A2 in tumorous and normal specimens of pancreatic cancer was analyzed using the Cancer Genome Atlas and the Cancer Genome Atlas + Genotype-Tissue Expression data sets, respectively. Relationships of Heat shock protein A2 expression with immune infiltrates in pancreatic cancer were assessed. Heat shock protein A2-associated coexpressed genes in pancreatic cancer were obtained, followed by the implementation of enrichment analysis. RESULTS: The data demonstrated that Heat shock protein A2 was significantly overexpressed in tumorous samples compared with normal samples. Heat shock protein A2 expression was remarkably positively interrelated with CD8+ T cell, neutrophil, dendritic cell, and macrophage, but not with CD4+ T and B cells. Heat shock protein A2 expression was markedly positively relevant to both cancer-associated fibroblast and endothelial cell. Enrichment data revealed that Heat shock protein A2 was intimately involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of pancreatic cancer. CONCLUSION: Heat shock protein A2 is upregulated in pancreatic cancer and is closely associated with tumor immunity and aggressive progression.

18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(4): 502-506, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376148

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The NELSON study demonstrated a positive association between computed tomography scanning and reduced mortality associated with lung cancer. The COPD-LUCSS-DLCO is a tool designed to improve screening selection criteria of lung cancer for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the discriminating value of both scores in a community-based cohort of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. METHODS: A retrospective study of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients followed in pulmonology consultation for a period of 10 years (2009-2019) was conducted. The NELSON criteria and COPD-LUCSS-DLCO score were calculated for each patient at the time of the study inclusion. The lung cancer incidence was calculated for each of the subgroups during the follow-up period. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients were included in the study (mean age 64.7±9.2 years, 88.3% male). Applying the COPD-LUCSS-DLCO score, high-risk patients have a 5.9-fold greater risk of developing lung cancer versus the low risk. In contrast, there was no significant association between NELSON selection criteria and lung cancer incidence. The area under the curve was 0.69 for COPD-LUCSS-DLCO and 0.59 for NELSON criteria. Comparing test results showed no differences. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the COPD-LUCSS-DLCO score in clinical practice can help to detect chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients in greater risk of developing lung cancer with better performance than NELSON criteria. Therefore, models that include a risk biomarker strategy can improve selection criteria and consequently can enhance a better lung cancer prediction.

19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(4): 507-513, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376151

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the potential anticancer effects of ozone applied after chemotherapeutic treatment with different concentrations of doxorubicin in Luminal-A subtype of human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and compare the results with effects on L929 fibroblast cell line. METHODS: Both cell lines were incubated with increasing doses of doxorubicin (1-50 μM) for 24 h at 37°C. Then, half of groups were incubated with 30 μg/mL ozone for 25 min as combination groups. Cell viability was analyzed by MTT assay, apoptosis by flow cytometry, and levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha, transforming growth factor beta, and matrix metalloproteinase-2 and MMP-9 by immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: Doxorubicin + ozone treatment enhanced viability of L929 (p<0.01) but reduced viability of MCF-7 compared to only doxorubicin-applied cells without ozone treatment (p<0.001). This combined treatment also enhanced apoptotic effect of doxorubicin on MCF-cells (p<0.001), but not on L929. It significantly increased all protein levels of L929 compared with those of other groups (p<0.05 for tumor necrosis factor alpha and MMP-2; p<0.01 for transforming growth factor beta and MMP-9). This treatment reversed the effect of doxorubicin on tumor necrosis factor alpha levels and considerably reduced MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels of MCF-7 compared with those of control group (p<0.01 and p<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: Ozone treatment potentiated the apoptotic and anticancer activities of doxorubicin in MCF-7 cells and showed repairing and healing effect on healthy fibroblast cells, which were damaged from cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic agent. MCF-7 cells may acquire sensitivity against the doxorubicin combined with ozone treatment through activating tumor necrosis factor alpha, MMP-2, and MMP-9 expressions.

20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(4): 524-529, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376163

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Objective: Postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND) plays an important role in the management of advanced germ cell testicular tumors. Bilateral template lymph node dissection is considered a standard treatment in postchemotherapy residual masses; however, modified unilateral templates have gained acceptance in patients with unilateral residual disease. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the perioperative and oncological outcomes of the patients with advanced testicular cancer who underwent unilateral modified template PC-RPLND in our center. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which patients who underwent PC-RPLND in a referred center between 2004 and 2021 were investigated. All patients had three or four cycles of chemotherapy and retroperitoneal residual masses. Data were retrospectively collected from medical, operative, radiology, and pathology records and analyzed. Results: A total of 57 patients underwent PC-RPLND. The mean age was 32.7±8.1 years (19-50). According to the disease stage at presentation, there were 39 patients with stage 2 and 18 patients with stage 3. The average tumor size after chemotherapy was 57.6±2.7 mm (25-117). The overall complication rate was 35% (20/57 patients). No grade 4 and 5 complications were observed. Pathologic review demonstrated the presence of teratoma in 28 (49.1%) patients, fibrosis and/or necrosis in 15 (26.3%) patients, and viable germ cell tumor in 14 (24.5%) patients. The mean follow-up was 69.4 months (8-201). During follow-up after surgery, 14 (24.5%) deaths occurred due to advanced disease. Conclusion: PC-RPLND is a major component of the management of advanced testicular germ cell cancer. Our study demonstrated that modified unilateral template is an effective and safe procedure in the postchemotherapy setting for selected patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL