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Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 66-72, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006843


Objective To explore the material basis and mechanism of the Chinese medicine Shenmajingfu granules in the treatment of cerebral infarction. Methods The potential active ingredients and targets of Shenmajingfu granules were retrieved through TCMSP, ETCM database and TCM Database. The related target genes of cerebral infarction were searched from OMIM database. The common targets of Shenmajingfu granules and cerebral infarction were obtained by the intersection method. Cytoscape was used to construct active components of Shenmajingfu granules-targets network. Protein-protein interaction network was constructed by STRING software. DAVID database was used for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. Results The 183 potential active ingredients of Shenmajingfu granules were screened out. 1785 potential targets were screened in the TCMSP database, including 30 targets related to cerebral infarction. These target genes were mainly involved in the inflammatory response and apoptosis process, involving the TNF signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway and NF-κB signaling pathway. Conclusion The therapeutic effect of Shenmajingfu granules on cerebral infarction may be related to the regulation of inflammatory response, improvement of impaired neurological function and protection of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 217-222, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013380


ObjectTo explore the risk factors related to the intensity of post-stroke depression in patients with cerebral infarction during hospitalization in the rehabilitation department. MethodsThe hospital consultation records of cerebral infarction patients in Beijing Bo'ai Hospital from December, 2019 to February, 2023 were reviewed from the hospital information system, and those who were diagnosed as depression visited the department of psychology were selected. It was collected including general information of sexes, ages, education levels, matrimony; medical features of course, location, affected side, sensory disorders, aphasia, agrypnia, dysphagia, hand-shoulder syndrome, constipation; functioning of muscle strength and Brunnstrom stages; and scores of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA), Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Balance (FMA-B), modified Barthel Index (MBI) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). Patients with HAMD scores ≤ 20 were as the low group, and those > 20 were as the high group. ResultA total of 2 403 hospitalized stroke patients were included, out of which 269 patients with cerebral infarction were diagnosed as depression and visited the department of psychology; while 103 cases were in the low group and 166 cases were in the high group. The incidence of constipation was less, and the incidence of dysphagia and shoulder-hand syndrome was higher in the high group (χ2 > 5.379, P < 0.05), with weaker strength of iliopsoas muscle and quadriceps muscle, earlier of Brunnstrom stage of lower extremities and hands, and worse scores of NIHSS, MMSE, FMA, FMA-B and MBI (|Z| > 2.020, t > 2.171, P < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that constipation (OR = 0.435), quadriceps muscle strength (OR = 0.782) and dysphagia (OR = 2.602) related to the intensity of post-stroke depression in convalescent patients (P < 0.05). ConclusionPost-stroke dysphagia and poor quadriceps muscle strength may exacerbate post-stroke depression; however, constipation may not.

Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 112-119, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999167


ObjectiveTo observe and compare the electrocardiogram index, myocardial morphology, and connexin 43 (Cx43) expression of two rat models of acute cerebral infarction (ACI) due to stasis combined with toxin complicated with cerebral-cardiac syndrome (CCS), and to provide experimental evidence for the research on the occurrence mechanism of cardiac diseases induced by ACI and the clinical diagnosis and treatment of CCS. MethodSixty SPF-grade male SD rats were randomized into six groups (n=10): normal , syndrome of stasis combined with toxin induced by carrageenin combined with dry yeast (CA/Y), multi-infarct induced by micro-embolism (ME), middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), CA/Y+ME, and CA/Y+MCAO groups. The model of syndrome of stasis combined with toxin was established by intraperitoneal injection with carrageenan (CA) at 10 mg·kg-1 on the first day and subcutaneous injection with dry yeast (Y) suspension (2 mg·kg-1) on the second day of modeling. Twenty-four hours after the modeling of ACI, the electrocardiograms (ECGs) of rats in each group were collected and the number/percentage (%) of abnormal ECG was calculated. The infarct area of the brain was evaluated by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, and myocardial injury was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Immumohistochemical staining and Western blot were employed to determine the expression of Cx43 in the myocardium. ResultA certain number of rats in each model group presented abnormal ECG. Compared with the normal group and CA/Y group, CA/Y+MCAO group had the highest rate of abnormal ECG (P<0.01). Compared with the normal, CA/Y, ME, and CA/Y+ME groups, the CA/Y+ME and CA/Y+MCAO groups showed decreased amplitudes of P-wave and T-wave, shortened P-R interval, and extended Q-T interval, which were particularly obvious in the CA/Y+MCAO group (P<0.05, P<0.01) and in accordance with the cerebral infarction area and pathological changes. The expression of Cx43 was up-regulated in both CA/Y+ME and CA/Y+MCAO groups, especially in the CA/Y+MCAO group (P<0.01). ConclusionThe two rat models of ACI due to stasis combined with toxin complicated with CCS can be used to study the mechanism of heart diseases caused by cerebrovascular diseases and the therapeutic effects of Chinese medicines with the functions of resolving stasis and detoxifying. Moreover, the CA/Y+MCAO method has higher abnormal electrocardiogram rate, severer myocardial pathological injury, and higher expression of Cx43 protein. The models can be chosen according to specific experimental purpose.

An. Fac. Med. (Perú) ; 84(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520008


Introducción. El signo de la arteria cerebral media (ACM) hiperdensa evaluada por tomografía simple permite predecir la enfermedad vascular cerebral isquémica (EVCi) con oclusión de un gran vaso, sin embargo, es frecuente identificar este signo en pobladores con niveles altos de hemoglobina sin clínica de EVCi. Objetivos. Evaluar la correlación entre la radiodensidad de la ACM y el nivel de hemoglobina en pacientes con y sin EVCi, residentes en una ciudad a gran altitud. Métodos. Estudio observacional analítico, se incluyeron personas residentes de Cusco (ubicada a 3300 msnm) que acudían al servicio de emergencia y se les realizó una tomografía cerebral, presentando o no clínica de EVCi. Se realizó la medición de la radiodensidad de la ACM y se correlacionó con el nivel de hemoglobina. Resultados. Se incluyeron 279 pacientes, el promedio de hemoglobina fue de 15,1 mg/dL y desviación estándar (DE) de 2,5 mg/dL, en los controles se identificó una correlación significativa (r = 0,425, p<0,01) entre la radiodensidad de la ACM con el nivel de hemoglobina. En los casos con EVCi derechos, la radiodensidad de la ACM derecha fue de 46,9 (DE = 7,7 UH) y de la izquierda fue de 46,1 (DE = 6,6 UH), sin que existan diferencias estadísticas (p = 0,24). Tampoco se encontró diferencias en los casos con EVCi izquierdos. Conclusión. Sí existe una correlación entre la radiodensidad de la ACM con el nivel de hemoglobina en los pobladores que viven a gran altitud, sin embargo, no se logró demostrar diferencias significativas entre la radiodensidad entre las ACM afectada y la contralateral en los casos de un EVCi.

Introduction. The sign of the hyperdense middle cerebral artery (MCA) evaluated by simple tomography allows predicting ischemic cerebrovascular disease (ICD) with occlusion of a large vessel, however, it is common to identify this sign in residents with high hemoglobin levels without symptoms of ICD. Objectives. To evaluate the correlation between the radiodensity of the MCA and the hemoglobin level in patients with and without ICD, residing in a high-altitude city. Methods. Analytical observational study, including people residing in Cusco (located at 3300 masl) who attended the emergency service and underwent a brain tomography, presenting or not ICD symptoms. ACM radiodensity was measured and correlated with the hemoglobin level. Results. 279 patients were included, the average hemoglobin was 15.1 and standard deviation (DE) of 2.5 mg/dL, in the controls a significant correlation was identified (r = 0.425, p<0.01) between the radiodensity of the MCA with the hemoglobin level. In the cases with right ICD, the radiodensity of the right MCA was 46.9 (DE = 7.7 HU) and of the left it was 46.1 (DE = 6.6 HU), with no statistical differences (p=0 ,24). No differences were found in the cases with left ICD either. Conclusion. There is a correlation between the radiodensity of the MCA with the hemoglobin level in the inhabitants who live at high altitudes, however, it is not possible to demonstrate significant differences between the radiodensity between the affected MCA and the contralateral one in the cases of an ICD.

Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 81(3): 225-232, Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439450


Abstract Background It is estimated that headache attributed to ischemic stroke occurs in 7.4% to 34% of the cases. Despite its frequency, this headache has been little studied in terms of its risk factors and characteristics. Objective To assess the frequency and clinical characteristics of headache attributed to ischemic stroke and the factors associated with its occurrence. Methods The present was a cross-sectional study which included patients consecutively admitted within 72 hours of the onset of ischemic stroke. A semi-structured questionnaire was used. The patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Results A total of 221 patients were included, 68.2% of whom were male, and the mean age was of 68.2 ± 13.8 years. The frequency of headache attributed to ischemic stroke was of 24.9% (95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 19.6-31.1%). The headache had a median duration of 21 hours and most frequently began at the same time as the focal deficit (45.3%), with a gradual onset (83%). It was of moderate intensity, pulsatile (45.3%), bilateral (54.6%), and presented a similar pattern to that of tension-type headache (53.6%). Headache attributed to stroke was significantly associated with previous tension-type headache, and previous migraine with and without aura (logistic regression). Conclusion Headache attributed to stroke is common, with a pattern similar to that of tension-type headache, and it is associated with a history of tension-type and migraine headaches.

Resumo Antecedentes A cefaleia atribuída ao acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico (AVCi) tem uma frequência de 7,4% a 34% dos casos. Apesar de ser considerada frequente, esta cefaleia ainda é pouco estudada em termos de seus fatores de risco e características. Objetivo Avaliar a frequência e as características clínicas da cefaleia atribuída ao AVCi e os fatores associados com a sua ocorrência. Métodos Este foi um estudo transversal que incluiu pacientes admitidos consecutivamente com até 72 horas do início do AVCi. Foi utilizado um questionário semiestruturado. Os pacientes realizaram ressonância magnética. Resultados Foram incluídos 221 pacientes, 68,2% dos quais eram do sexo masculino, e com idade média de 68,2 ± 13,8 anos. A frequência da cefaleia atribuída ao AVCi foi de 24,9% (intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 19,6-31,1%). A duração mediana da cefaleia foi de 21 horas, e ela se iniciou com mais frequência ao mesmo tempo em que o déficit focal (45,3%), teve instalação gradual (83%), foi de moderada intensidade, pulsátil (45,3%), bilateral (54,6%) e teve um padrão semelhante ao da cefaleia de tipo tensional (53,6%). A cefaleia atribuída ao AVCi esteve significativamente associada à cefaleia de tipo tensional prévia, e à migrânea com e sem aura prévias (regressão logística). Conclusão A cefaleia atribuída ao AVCi é frequente, tem padrão mais habitual semelhante ao da cefaleia de tipo tensional, e está associada aos antecedentes de cefaleia de tipo tensional e migrânea.

Acta méd. peru ; 40(1)ene. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439131


Introducción . El LES pediátrico (LESp) representa el 15% de todos los pacientes con LES. La afectación renal y neuropsiquiátrica es más agresivo en el LESp, siendo la afectación de un solo órgano la forma clínica de aparición más común. Formas de presentación como infarto cerebral y serositis son manifestaciones poco frecuentes en el LESp. El tratamiento de un LESp no difiere al de las formas adultas y el arsenal terapéutico es el mismo. El rituximab (RTX) es un agente biológico utilizado a nivel mundial en LES con excelentes resultados, sin embargo, aún no existe consenso sobre su eficacia real en LESp. Objetivos . Presentación de 2 casos de LESp con infarto cerebral y serositis como forma de presentación, que no respondieron a la terapia convencional pero sí a RTX. Métodos . Reporte de caso, con descripción del cuadro clínico, método diagnóstico y forma de tratamiento. Resultados. Primer caso: mujer de 16 años que consulta por cefalea progresiva con crisis tónico-clónica. La tomografía cerebral mostró un infarto cerebral frontoparietal izquierdo. En el examen físico se encontró livedo reticularis en miembros inferiores, dolor articular, caída del cabello y úlceras orales. Las pruebas revelaron anemia normocítica, trombocitopenia, disminución del complemento, 1/320 ANA con patrón homogéneo, 3.200 mg de proteína en muestra de orina de 24 horas y anticuerpos antifosfolipídicos negativos. Se realizó diagnóstico de LESp con compromiso renal, neurológico y hematológico, decidiendo uso de metilprednisolona 1 g EV diario durante 3 días, para luego pasar a ciclofosfamida 1 g EV mensual por 6 meses. Después de 3 meses persisten proteinuria, fatiga y artralgias. Por este motivo, se decidió utilizar rituximab a una dosis de 375 mg / m2 en días 1 y 15 cada 6 meses. Tras 4 infusiones, la proteinuria desapareció, así como las artralgias y malestar general. Actualmente mantiene scores SLEDAI-2K en remisión, con dosis bajas de prednisona. Segundo caso: niño de 10 años, presentó dolor abdominal difuso con distensión asociada de inicio más o menos abrupto. Se agregó cansancio, dificultad para respirar y palpitaciones. Una radiografía simple de abdomen no mostró niveles hidroaéreos, pero la placa torácica demostró derrame pleural bilateral con agrandamiento de la silueta cardíaca. Un ecocardiograma y una ecografía abdominal reveló derrame pericárdico y ascitis respectivamente. Al examen físico se observó palidez general, edema translúcido de miembros inferiores, roce pericárdico y disminución del soplo vesicular en ambas bases pulmonares. Las pruebas de laboratorio mostraron leucopenia, linfopenia, anemia normocítica, reactantes de fase aguda elevados, ANA 1/560, anti-ADN 280 U / mL, complemento disminuido, transaminasas elevadas, urea y creatinina normales. Se diagnosticó LESp y se pulsó con metilprednisolona 30 mg / kg / dosis durante 4 días, para luego pasar a micofenolato 600 mg / m2 diarios. Inicialmente hubo mejoría, pero después de 2 meses reapareció la serositis inicial. Se decidió usar rituximab 375 mg / m2. Después de la segunda infusión la serositis desapareció, normalizándose valores de hemograma, complemento y transaminasas. Actualmente se encuentra en remisión, con dosis bajas de prednisona. Conclusión . Los casos presentados debutaron con infarto cerebral y serositis, mostraron ANA elevados títulos y disminución del complemento. Ambos casos mejoraron con rituximab tras el fracaso a ciclofosfamida y micofenolato. Se obtuvo el consentimiento informado de los padres y los pacientes.

Introduction . Pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (pSLE) represents 15% of all SLE patients. Renal and neuropsychiatric involvement are more aggressive in pSLE, and single organ involvement is the most commonly found clinical form. Conditions such as cerebral infarction and serositis are unusual manifestation of pSLE. Therapy for pSLE is not different from that for the adult forms, and the therapy armamentarium is the same. Rituximab (RTX) is a worldwide used biological for SLE, with excellent results; however, there is still no consensus with respect to is real efficacy in pSLE. Objectives . Presentation of two pSLE cases with cerebral infarction and serositis as main characteristics, who did not respond to conventional therapy, but who did respond to RTX. Methods . Case report, describing the clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and therapy approach used. Results . First case: This is a sixteen-year-old girl who was brought because of progressing headache and a tonic-clonic crisis. The brain CT scan showed a left frontoparietal cerebral infarction. Physical examination revealed livedo reticularis in both legs, joint pain, hair loss, and mouth ulcers. Laboratory tests revealed normocytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, reduced complement, 1/320 ANA with a homogeneous pattern, 3.200 mg 24-hour proteinuria, and negative anti-phospholipidic antibodies. A pSLE diagnosis was made, with renal, neurologic, and hematologic involvement, so it was decided to use methylprednisolone, 1 gram IV per day for three days, and then switch to cyclophosphamide 1 g IV per month for 6 months. After three months, proteinuria, fatigue, and arthralgia persisted. For this reason, it was decided to administer rituximab, 375 mg/m2 in days 1 and 15, every six months. After four infusions, proteinuria, joint pain and malaise all disappeared. Nowadays this patient maintains SLEDAI-K scores in remission, and she is also receiving low-dose prednisone. Second case: This is a ten-year-old boy, who presented with abrupt diffuse abdominal pain associated with (abdominal) distention. Other manifestations were tiredness, shortness of breath, and palpitations. A plain abdomen X-ray film did not show hydro-aerial levels, but the chest X-ray film showed bilateral pleural effusion, and enlarged cardiac silhouette. Cardiac ultrasonography and abdominal ultrasonography revealed pericardial effusion and ascites, respectively. Findings in physical examination showed pallor translucid edema of the legs, pericardial throbbing, and reduced respiratory sounds in both pulmonary bases. Laboratory tests revealed leukopenia, lymphopenia, normocytic anemia, elevated acute phase reactants, ANA 1/560, anti-DNA 280 U/mL, reduced complement, elevated transaminases, and normal urea and creatinine. pSLE was diagnosed, and therapy instituted was methylprednisolone 30 mg/Kg/dose for 4 days, then it was switched to mycophenolate 600 mg/m2 per day. There was improvement initially, but after two months, serositis reappeared. Then it was decided to start rituximab 375 mg/m2. After the second infusion, serositis disappeared, and CBC, complement, and transaminase values returned to normal. Nowadays the patient is in remission, and he is receiving low-dose prednisone. Conclusión . Both presented cases featured cerebral infarction and serositis. They also showed high ANA titers and reduced complement. Both patients improved their condition with rituximab after failure with cyclophosphamide and mycophenolate. Informed consent from both parents and patients was obtained.

Clinics ; 78: 100262, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520705


Abstract Objective Second-generation catheters used in mechanical thrombectomy have different advantages and disadvantages. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the combination of contact aspiration and stent retriever technique on the rate of reperfusion after mechanical thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion. Methods Patients who underwent contact aspiration alone (CAA cohort, n = 150), stent retriever alone (SRA cohort, n = 129), or combined contact aspiration and stent retriever (CSR cohort, n = 122) techniques following mechanical thrombectomy were included in the analysis. A balloon guide catheter was used for all thrombectomies. Digital subtraction angiography was used to identify thrombolysis in cerebral infarction. Results The number of patients with thrombolysis in cerebral infarction score of ≥ 2c (near complete or complete antegrade reperfusion) was significantly higher in the CSR cohort than those in the CAA cohort (101 [83%] vs. 90 [60%], p < 0.0001) and those of SRA cohort (101 [83%] vs. 77 [59%], p = 0.0001). Arterial perforation was higher in patients in the CSR cohort than in those in the CAA (p < 0.0001) and SRA (p = 0.015) cohorts. Intracerebral hemorrhage was lower in patients in the CSR cohort than in those in the CAA (p = 0.0001) and SRA (p = 0.0353) cohorts. All-cause mortality at 1 year was fewer in the CSR cohort than in the CAA cohort (p = 0.018). Conclusions The combination of thrombo aspiration by large bore aspiration catheter and stent retriever is the most effective technique but has some related risks. Level of evidence IV. Technical efficacy stage 1.

Arq. bras. cardiol ; 120(8): 20220808, 2023. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447335


Resumo A leucemia promielocítica aguda (LPA) é um subgrupo da leucemia mieloide aguda (LMA). Embora se saiba que as complicações hemorrágicas são comuns, as complicações trombóticas não são tão raras quanto se pensa. No entanto, infarto do miocárdio e incidência de acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico são muito raros durante a LMA. Aqui, apresentamos o caso surpreendente de LPA diagnosticada com pancitopenia em sua apresentação com infarto agudo do miocárdio e acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico.

Abstract Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a subgroup of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Although it is known that hemorrhagic complications are common, thrombotic complications are not as rare as thought. However, myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke incidence are very rare during AML. Here, we present the astonishing case of APL diagnosed with pancytopenia in its presentation with acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke.

Rev. med. Urug ; 39(1): e202, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1424192


Introducción: el ACV constituye un problema de salud y la trombólisis sistémica una estrategia de reperfusión con alto nivel de evidencia para su tratamiento. Los reportes nacionales sobre su utilización son escasos. Objetivos: comunicar y analizar los resultados de esta terapia en el Hospital de Clínicas. Establecer predictores de buena evolución, hemorragia intracraneana y mortalidad. Métodos: estudio observacional analítico de los pacientes trombolizados en el Hospital de Clínicas (2010-2021). Resultados: se realizó trombólisis sistémica a 268 pacientes. La mediana del NIHSS al ingreso fue 12 puntos. Un 42% fueron infartos totales de la circulación anterior. La cardioembolia constituyó la etiopatogenia más frecuente. El 59,3% de los pacientes fueron externalizados con independencia funcional y 55,2% con déficit neurológico mínimo. Las tasas de hemorragia intracraneana sintomática y mortalidad fueron 7,1% y 18,7% respectivamente. El 57% de los pacientes se trataron con tiempo puerta aguja ≤60 minutos. El porcentaje de trombólisis en el total de ACV fue 18,9%. La edad, NIHSS al ingreso e internación en unidad de ACV se comportaron como variables importantes para predecir buena evolución, hemorragia intracraneana y muerte. Discusión y conclusiones: se comunicó la mayor casuística nacional sobre el tema. Los parámetros de efectividad y seguridad del tratamiento fueron comparables a los reportados internacionalmente. Se destacaron los buenos tiempos puerta aguja y tasa trombólisis sobre ACV totales como indicadores satisfactorios de calidad asistencial. La internación en unidad de ACV se comportó como un factor predictor de independencia funcional y protector frente a mortalidad hospitalaria.

Introduction: Strokes are a health problem and systemic thrombolysis constitutes a reperfusion strategy backed up by significant evidence on its positive therapeutic impact. National reports on its use are scarce. Objectives: To report and analyze results obtained with this therapeutic approach at the Clinicas Hospital. To establish predictive factors for a good evolution, intracranial hemorrhage and mortality. Method: Observational, analytical study of thrombolysed patients at Clinicas Hospital (2010-2021). Results: Systemic thrombolysis was performed in 268 patients. Average NIHSS score was 12 points when admitted to hospital.42 % of cases were total anterior circulation infarct (TACI). Cardioembolic ischaemmic stroke was the most frequent etiopahogenesis. 59.3% of patients were discharged with functional independence and 55.2% had minimal neurologic deficit. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and mortality rates were 7.1% and 18.7% respectively. 57% of patients were assisted within ≤60 minutes they showed up at the ER. Thrombolysis percentage in total number of strokes was 18.9%. Age, NIHSS score upon arrival to hospital and admission to the stroke unit were significant variables to predict a good evolution, intracranial hemorrhage and death. Discussion and conclusions: The large number of cases in the country was reported. Effectiveness and safety parameters for this treatment were comparable to those reported internationally. The good door-to-needle time and thrombolysis rate versus total number of strokes stood out as satisfactory indicators of healthcare quality. Admission to the stroke unit behaved as a predictive factor of functional independence and it protected patients from hospital mortality.

Introdução: o AVC é um problema de saúde sendo a trombólise sistêmica uma estratégia de reperfusão com alto nível de evidência para seu tratamento. Os dados nacionais sobre seu uso são escassos. Objetivos: comunicar e analisar os resultados desta terapia no Hospital de Clínicas. Estabelecer preditores de boa evolução, hemorragia intracraniana e mortalidade. Métodos: estudo observacional analítico de pacientes trombolisados no Hospital de Clínicas (2010-2021). Resultados: a trombólise sistêmica foi realizada em 268 pacientes. A mediana do índice NIHSS na admissão foi de 12 pontos. 42% eram infartos totais da circulação anterior. A cardioembolia foi a etiopatogenia mais frequente. 59,3% dos pacientes tiveram alta da unidade com independência funcional e 55,2% com déficit neurológico mínimo. As taxas de hemorragia intracraniana sintomática e mortalidade foram de 7,1% e 18,7%, respectivamente. 57% dos pacientes foram tratados com tempo porta-agulha ≤60 minutos. A porcentagem de trombólise no AVC total foi de 18,9%. Idade, NIHSS na admissão e internação na unidade de AVC se comportaram como variáveis importantes para prever boa evolução, hemorragia intracraniana e óbito. Discussão e conclusões: este trabajo inclui a maior casuística nacional sobre o tema. Os parâmetros de eficácia e segurança do tratamento foram comparáveis aos descritos na bibliografia internacional. Foram destacados como indicadores satisfatórios da qualidade do atendimento os bons tempos porta-agulha e taxa de trombólise em relação ao AVC total. A internação em unidade de AVC comportou-se como preditor de independência funcional e protetor contra a mortalidade hospitalar.

Thrombolytic Therapy , Stroke/therapy , Cerebral Infarction , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Observational Study
Clinics ; 78: 100199, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439910


Abstract Objective: To analyze the value of serum miRNA-122 expression in the diagnosis, severity, and prognosis of Acute Cerebral Infarction (ACI) and the correlation mechanism of serum miRNA-122 on the proliferation and apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells in ACI. Method: A total of 60 patients with ACI who were admitted to the emergency department of the Taizhou People's Hospital from January 1, 2019, to December 30, 2019, and 30 healthy controls during the same period were selected. General clinical data of all patients at admission were collected. Including age, sex, medical history, and inflammatory factors (C-Reactive Protein [CRP], Interleukin-6 [IL-6], Procalcitonin [PCT], Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipid carrier protein [NGAL]). The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission and short-term prognosis (the Modified Rankin Score [mRS]) score at 3 months after onset were recorded. The expression level of miRNA-122 in the serum of patients with ACI and normal controls was detected by reverse-transcription quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-QPCR), and the correlation between the expression level of miRNA-122 in the serum of patients with ACI and the level of inflammatory factors, NIHSS and mRS scores were analyzed. The expression levels of miRNA-122 in the serum of patients with ACI, normal people, and Human Umbilical cord Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) cultured in a blank control group were detected by RT-QPCR and statistically analyzed. MTT and flow cytometry was used to compare the proliferation and apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells in the miRNA-122 mimics and inhibitors transfection groups and the corresponding negative control group. The mRNA and protein levels of apoptosis-related factors Bax, Bcl-2, Caspase-3, and angiogenesis-related proteins Hes1, Notch1, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors (VEGF), and CCNG1 were detected by RT-QPCR and Western blot. Bioinformatics methods predicted CCNG1 to be the target of miRNA-122, and the direct targeting relationship between CCNG1 and miRNA-122 was verified by a dual-luciferase reporting assay. Result: Serum miRNA-122 expression in patients with ACI was significantly higher than that in healthy controls, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.929, 95% Confidence Interval of 0.875‒0.983, and an optimal cut-off value of 1.397. The expression levels of CRP, IL-6, and NGAL in patients with ACI were higher than those in healthy control groups, p < 0.05; miRNA-122 was positively correlated with CPR, IL-6, NIHSS score, and mRS score. At 48h and 72h, the proliferation rate of HUVECs cells in the miRNA-122 mimics group decreased and the apoptosis rate increased. Cell proliferation rate increased, and apoptosis rate decreased significantly in the groups transfected with miRNA-122 inhibitors. The mRNA and protein levels of pro-apoptotic factors Bax and caspase-3 were significantly increased in the miRNA-122 mimics transfection group, while those of anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 were significantly decreased compared to those of the control group. The expression of Bax and Caspase-3 decreased, and the expression of anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 increased in the transfected miRNA-122 inhibitors group. mRNA expression levels of Hes1, Notch1, VEGF, and CCNG1 in the miRNA-122 mimic transfected group were significantly decreased, while mRNA expression levels in the miRNA-122 inhibitors transfected group were significantly increased. Bioinformatics showed that there was a miRNA-122 binding site in the 3′UTR region of CCNG1, and dual luciferase assay confirmed that CCNG1 was the target of miRNA-122.

Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1358-1362, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007494


OBJECTIVES@#To observe the effects of zhongfeng cutong moxibustion (moxibustion therapy for unblocking and treating stroke) on the motor function and the structure of corticospinal tract (CST) in the patients with motor dysfunction during the recovery period of cerebral infarction, and to explore the central mechanism of this moxibustion therapy for improving the motor function.@*METHODS@#Fifty patients with motor dysfunction during the recovery period of cerebral infarction were randomly divided into an observation group (25 cases, 1 case dropped out) and a control group (25 cases, 1 case dropped out). The patients in both groups underwent the conventional basic treatment. In the control group, acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20) and Shuigou (GV 26), as well as Chize (LU 5), Neiguan (PC 6), Weizhong (BL 40) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) etc. on the affected side. Besides the intervention of the control group, in the observation group, zhongfeng cutong moxibustion therapy was combined at Baihui (GV 20), Shenque (CV 8) and bilateral Zusanli (ST 36). Both acupuncture and moxibustion therapies were delivered once daily, 5 times a week, for 2 weeks. The scores of Fugl-Meyer assessment scale (FMA) and National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. The diffusion tensor imaging technique was used to observe the fractional anisotropy (FA) of CST at the bilateral whole segment, the cerebral cortex, the posterior limb of the internal capsule and the cerebral peduncle before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The scores of the upper and the lower limbs of FMA, as well as the total FMA score swere increased after treatment when compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), the upper limb FMA score and the total FMA score in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05), and NIHSS scores of the two groups were dropped compared with those before treatment (P<0.01). FA of CST at the bilateral sides of the posterior limb of the internal capsule and the whole segment on the focal side was improved in comparison with that before treatment in the observation group (P<0.05), and FA of CST at the healthy side of the whole segment was higher than that before treatment in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Zhongfeng cutong moxibustion improves motor function and reduces neurological deficits in the patients with motor dysfunction during the recovery period of cerebral infarction, which may be related to enhancing the remodeling of white matter fiber bundles in the corticospinal tract on the focal side of the whole segment and the bilateral posterior limb of the internal capsule.

Humans , Moxibustion , Pyramidal Tracts , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Acupuncture Therapy , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Stroke/therapy , Acupuncture Points , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 307-314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014667


AIM: To explore the predictive value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) in early poor neurologic improvement after intravenous thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: A total of 102 patients with acute ischemic stroke who received intravenous thromblysis with alteplase within 4.5 hours of onset were analyzed retrospectively. RDW level was measured before thrombolysis. According to the percentage change in NIHSS at 24 hours, the patients were divided into two groups: good neurological improvement (≥ 30%) group (n=53) and poor neurological improvement (<30%) group (n=49). The univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to investigate whether RDW level is an independent factor affecting patients' neurological improvement. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the cut-off value of RDW to predict poor early neurological improvement after thrombolysis. RESULTS: Compared with the good neurological improvement group, higher proportion of atrial fibrillation (24.5% vs. 9.4%, P= 0.042), diabetes mellitus (57.1% vs. 30.2%, P= 0.006), hemorrhagic transformation (10.2% vs. 0%, P=0.023) in the poor neurological improvement group. The level of RDW in poor neurological improvement group was significantly higher than that in good neurological improved group(14.09±0.77) vs. (13.31±0.63), P=0.000. Logistic regression analysis showed that elevated RDW (OR=4.614, 95%CI: 2.263-9.408, P=0.000) and history of diabetes mellitus (OR=2.606, 95%CI: 1.034-6.573, P=0.042) were independently associated with early poor neurological improvement. The ROC curve analysis showed that the optimal cut-off value of RDW to predict poor early neurological improvement after thrombolysis was 13.56% (AUC=0.782, 95%CI: 0.690-0.874; sensitivity 76%; specificity 74%). CONCLUSION: Elevated RDW is of a certain value in predicting the poor early neurological improvement of AIS patients after thrombolysis.

Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 662-672, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009926


A complex pathophysiological mechanism is involved in brain injury following cerebral infarction. The neurovascular unit (NVU) is a complex multi-cellular structure consisting of neurons, endothelial cells, pericyte, astrocyte, microglia and extracellular matrix, etc. The dyshomeostasis of NVU directly participates in the regulation of inflammatory immune process. The components of NVU promote inflammatory overreaction and synergize with the overactivation of autonomic nervous system to initiate stroke-induced immunodepression (SIID). SIID can alleviate the damage caused by inflammation, however, it also makes stroke patients more susceptible to infection, leading to systemic damage. This article reviews the mechanism of SIID and the roles of NVU in SIID, to provide a perspective for reperfusion, prognosis and immunomodulatory therapy of cerebral infarction.

Humans , Endothelial Cells , Stroke , Neurons/physiology , Immunosuppression Therapy/adverse effects , Cerebral Infarction
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1163-1175, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010339


OBJECTIVES@#The intestinal microbial characteristics of patients with simple cerebral infarction (CI) and CI complicated with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (CI-T2DM) are still not clear. This study aims to analyze the differences in the variable characteristics of intestinal flora between patients simply with CI and CI-T2DM.@*METHODS@#This study retrospectively collected the patients who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Putian University from September 2021 to September 2022. The patients were divided into a CI group (n=12) and a CI-T2DM group (n=12). Simultaneously, 12 healthy people were selected as a control group. Total DNA was extracted from feces specimens. Illumina Novaseq sequencing platform was used for metagenomic sequencing. The Knead Data software, Kraken2 software, and Bracken software were applied for sequencing analysis.@*RESULTS@#At phylum level, the average ratio of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, and Proteobacteria in the CI-T2DM group were 33.07%, 54.80%, and 7.00%, respectively. In the CI group, the ratios of each were 14.03%, 69.62%, and 11.13%, respectively, while in the control group, the ratios were 50.99%, 37.67%, and 5.24%, respectively. There was significant differences in the distribution of Firmicutes (F=6.130, P=0.011) among the 3 groups. At the family level, compared with the CI group, the relative abundance of Eubacteriaceae (t=8.062, P<0.001) in the CI-T2DM group was significantly increased, while Corynebacteriaceae (t=4.471, P<0.001), Methanobacteriaceae (t=3.406, P=0.003), and Pseudomonadaceae (t=2.352, P=0.028) were decreased significantly. At the genus level, compared with the CI group, there was a relative abundance of Cutibacterium (t=6.242, P<0.001), Eubacterium (t=8.448, P<0.001), and Blautia (t=3.442, P=0.002) in the CI-T2DM group which was significantly increased. In terms of Methanobrevibacter (t=3.466, P=0.002), Pyramidobacter (t=2.846, P=0.009) and Pseudomonas (t=2.352, P=0.028), their distributions were decreased significantly in the CI-T2DM group. At the species level, compared with the CI group, the relative abundance of Cutibacterium acnes (t=6.242, P<0.001) in the CI-T2DM group was significantly increased, while Pseudomonas aeruginosa (t=2.352, P=0.028) was decreased significantly. Still at the genus level, linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) analysis showed that the distributions of Pseudomonas and Blautia were determined to be the most significantly different between the CI-T2DM and the CI group. At the species level, the total number of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) in the 3 groups was 1 491. There were 169, 221, and 192 kinds of OTUs unique to the CI-T2DM, CI, and control group, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#From phylum level to species level, the composition of intestinal flora in the patients with CI-T2DM is different from those in the patients simply with CI. The change in the proportion of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Proteus compared with the healthy population is an important feature of intestinal flora imbalance in the patients with CI and with CI-T2DM. Attention should be paid to the differential distribution of Bacteroides monocytogenes and butyrate producing bacteria.

Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Retrospective Studies , Bacteria/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 738-749, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971085


Fibroblast growth factors (FGF) are a group of structurally related polypeptides which constitute an elaborate signaling system with their receptors. Evidence accumulated in the years suggests that the FGF family plays a key role in the repair of central nervous system injury. The main protective mechanisms include activating the expression of PI3K-Akt, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARγ) and other signals; inhibiting NF-κB-mediated inflammatory response, oxidative stress and apoptosis; regulating neuronal differentiation and neuronal excitability as well as participating in protection of neurovascular units and nerve function repair. This paper comprehensively summarizes the latest research progress in FGF signaling related to diseases of the central nervous system such as cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy and depression, aiming to provide scientific basis and reference for the development of innovative FGF drugs for the prevention and treatment of neurological diseases.

Humans , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Central Nervous System/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Alzheimer Disease
The Japanese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 159-165, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986357


Few reports have yet investigated adequate cognitive rehabilitation for patients with chronic cognitive disorder. In this report, we describe a case of cognitive rehabilitation 10 months after onset of cerebral infarction in the right middle cerebral artery region, resulting in a good outcome. The patient was a 44-year-old right-handed male, with primary symptoms of inattention and left hemispatial neglect. The patient had not undergone any neuropsychological evaluations or cognitive rehabilitation until 10 months after disease onset. After 30 days of both direct attention training and metacognitive strategy training, including time pressure management, improvement of his cognitive disorder was achieved. The teaching of internal methods to improve metacognition with a high level of evidence was effective even 10 months after onset. Furthermore, it is important for therapists who provide cognitive rehabilitation using metacognitive strategy training to understand patients' remaining functions based on neuropsychological assessment, and to consider and teach compensatory methods so that they can be effectively used by patients in situations of daily life.

Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 106-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973370


Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of initial acute cerebral infarction (ACI) and its correlation with meteorological factors, and to provide theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of ACI. Methods Atotal of 308 ACI patients admitted to our hospital from 2019 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the age, gender, height, weight, complications, onset season and initial symptoms of all patients were systematically analyzed from the hospital case system. Collected during the same period of meteorological data, including: monthly average temperature (℃), monthly mean minimum temperature (℃), monthly average highest temperature (℃), monthly average diurnal range (℃), the average daily air pressure (kPa), etc., by using circular distribution analysis the season of incipient ACI onset regularity, the linear correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis of the relationship between meteorological factors and the incipient ACI onset. Results The male to female ratio of 308 patients was 1.15:1. A among of 55.84% of the patients were 65 years old or older and mainly lived in urban areas (77.27%). The main risk factors were hypertension (24.03%), followed by hyperlipidemia (24.03%). The incidence was mainly in winter (30.84%) and spring (26.62%). The first symptoms are headache, dizziness, unclear speech, followed by malignant, tinnitus, vomiting, hemiplegia, dysphagia, etc. The number of ACI cases was highest in January and December, and lowest in May and June.Linear correlation analysis showed that the number of ACI cases was negatively correlated with monthly mean air temperature, monthly mean minimum air temperature and monthly mean daily range ( r=-0.362 , -0.429, -0.374, P<0.05), and positively correlated with monthly mean air pressure ( r=0.317, P<0.05). The meteorological factors that affected the incidence of ACI were monthly mean minimum temperature, followed by monthly mean daily range (P<0.05). Conclusion Meteorological factors are the influencing factors of the incidence of initial ACI. The incidence of initial ACI is high under low temperature and high atmospheric pressure. Active intervention should be given to reduce the incidence.

International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 205-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989213


Malignant cerebral edema can lead to increased intracranial pressure, rapid deterioration of neurological function, and even the formation of cerebral hernia. It has the characteristics of high mortality and disability rates, and is a common cause of poor prognosis in patients with acute massive cerebral infarction. Early decompressive craniectomy can effectively improve the neurological outcomes of patients with malignant cerebral edema. Therefore, early prediction of malignant cerebral edema is crucial. This article reviews the formation mechanism and related imaging manifestations of malignant cerebral edema, in order to provide reference and assistance for the early diagnosis and reasonable treatment of malignant cerebral edema after massive cerebral infarction.

International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 100-105, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989196


Objective:To investigate the effect of insular involvement on the outcomes of patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, Nanjing Jinling Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Nanjing University from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively included. Demographic data, vascular risk factors, clinical and laboratory data, as well as treatment and outcomes were collected. Firstly, the correlation between the insular involvement and the outcomes was investigated, and then the bootstrap method was used to clarify the mediating role of infarct volume between the insular involvement and the poor outcomes.Results:A total of 450 patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke were enrolled, among whom 79 cases (17.6%) had insular involvement and 41 (9.1%) had left insular involvement. There were 111 (24.7%) with poor outcomes, including 5 (1.1%) died. Compared to the non-insular involvement group, the insular involvement group had a higher proportion of patients with atrial fibrillation, shorter onset to door time, higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission, larger infarct volume, and higher proportion of patients with poor outcomes (all P<0.05). In addition, patients with left insular involvement were younger than those with right insular involvement, had a higher baseline NIHSS score, a lower proportion of patients with minor stroke (NIHSS score ≤8), and had a longer onset to door time (all P<0.05). Compared to the good outcome group, the poor outcome group was older, with a higher proportion of female patients, higher systolic blood pressure, blood glucose, NLR, and NIHSS scores at admission, larger infarct volume, and a higher proportion of patients with insular involvement (all P<0.05). Mediation analysis suggested that the mediating effect of infarct volume between the insular involvement and the poor outcomes was significant (95% confidence interval 0.033-0.230; P=0.008). Conclusions:insular involvement in patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke is associated with the poor outcomes, and this association may be mediated by infarct volume. Patients with left insular involvement may have more severe symptoms than those with right insular involvement, but there is no significant difference in the outcomes.