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1.
J. bras. nefrol ; 45(4): 449-457, Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528910

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Obesity is thought to play a role in the disruption of cardiac rhythmicity in obese children, but this is mostly an unexplored field of investigation. We aimed to evaluate the impact of overweight and obesity on circadian and ultradian cardiovascular rhythmicity of prepubertal children, in comparison with normal weight counterparts. Methods: We performed a cross sectional study of 316 children, followed in the birth cohort Generation XXI (Portugal). Anthropometrics and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure were measured and profiles were examined with Fourier analysis for circadian and ultradian blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) rhythms. Results: Overweight/obese children presented more frequently a non-dipping BP pattern than normal weight counterparts (31.5% vs. 21.6%, p = 0.047). The prevalence of 24-hour mean arterial pressure (MAP) and 8-hour HR rhythmicity was significantly lower in obese children (79.3% vs. 88.0%, p = 0.038 and 33.3% vs. 45.2%, p = 0.031, respectively). The prevalence of the remaining MAP and HR rhythmicity was similar in both groups. No differences were found in the median values of amplitudes and acrophases of MAP and HR rhythms. Discussion: The alterations found in rhythmicity suggest that circadian and ultradian rhythmicity analysis might be sensitive in detecting early cardiovascular dysregulations, but future studies are needed to reinforce our findings and to better understand their long-term implications.


Resumo Introdução: Acredita-se que a obesidade desempenhe um papel na desregulação da ritmicidade cardíaca em crianças obesas, mas esse é um campo de investigação ainda pouco explorado. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o impacto do sobrepeso e da obesidade na ritmicidade cardiovascular circadiana e ultradiana de crianças pré-púberes, em comparação com crianças com peso normal. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo transversal com 316 crianças, acompanhadas na coorte de nascimentos Geração XXI (Portugal). Foram medidos dados antropométricos e a pressão arterial ambulatorial de 24 horas, e os perfis foram examinados com uma análise de Fourier para ritmos circadianos e ultradianos de pressão arterial (PA) e frequência cardíaca (FC). Resultados: Crianças com sobrepeso/obesidade apresentaram mais frequentemente um padrão de PA não-dipper em comparação com crianças com peso normal (31,5% vs. 21,6%; p = 0,047). A prevalência da pressão arterial média (PAM) de 24 horas e da ritmicidade da FC de 8 horas foi significativamente menor em crianças obesas (79,3% vs. 88,0%; p = 0,038 e 33,3% vs. 45,2%; p = 0,031, respectivamente). A prevalência das restantes ritmicidades da PAM e da FC foi semelhante em ambos os grupos. Não foram encontradas diferenças nos valores medianos das amplitudes e acrofases dos ritmos de PAM e FC. Discussão: As alterações encontradas na ritmicidade sugerem que a análise da ritmicidade circadiana e ultradiana pode ser sensível na detecção de desregulações cardiovasculares precoces, mas são necessários novos estudos para reforçar nossos achados e entender melhor suas implicações a longo prazo.

2.
Rev. Bras. Neurol. (Online) ; 59(1): 17-22, jan.-mar. 2023. fig
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426191

ABSTRACT

The aging process is often related to sleeping difficulties, often due to changes in circadian rhythms. The circadian timing system is centered in the suprachiasmatic nucleus - the master biological clock - which synchronizes the rhythm of oscillators throughout the body, including the sleep-wake cycle. This affects the time, duration and quality of sleep according to the development and aging process, under external and internal influences. This review addresses the human circadian timing system, including endogenous and exogenous influences on circadian rhythms, their age-related particularities, as well as the repercussions of circadian misalignment in neurodegenerative diseases. Circadian rhythms naturally weaken with aging, but there are particularities according to age. Throughout life, sleep and circadian rhythm disorders are strongly bidirectionally related to the pathophysiology of some psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. This knowledge could potentially create valuable opportunities to improve the health of the world's population that is under circadian misalignment and aging.


O processo de envelhecimento está frequentemente relacionado a dificuldades de dormir, muitas vezes decorrentes de alterações nos ritmos circadianos. O sistema de ronometragem circadiana está centrada no núcleo supraquiasmático - o relógio biológico mestre - o qual sincroniza o ritmo dos osciladores em todo o corpo, incluindo o ciclo sono-vigília. Isso afeta o tempo, a duração e a qualidade do sono de acordo com o processo de desenvolvimento e envelhecimento, sob influências externas e internas. Esta revisão aborda o sistema de temporização circadiana humana, incluindo as influências endógenas e exógenas nos ritmos circadianos, suas particularidades relacionadas à idade, bem como as repercussões do desalinhamento circadiano nas doenças neurodegenerativas. Os ritmos circadianos enfraquecem naturalmente com o envelhecimento, mas há particularidades de acordo com a idade. Ao longo da vida, os transtornos do sono e do ritmo circadiano estão fortemente relacionados bidirecionalmente à fisiopatologia de algumas doenças psiquiátricas e neurodegenerativas, como as doenças de Alzheimer e Parkinson. Esse conhecimento pode potencialmente criar oportunidades valiosas para melhorar a saúde da população mundial que está sob desalinhamento circadiano e envelhecimento.

3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 67(1): 92-100, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420099

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to evaluate the impact of morning-evening preference in pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Materials and methods: This is a prospective cohort study of 2nd-3rd trimester GDM outpatient care in Fortaleza, Brazil (2018-2020). Eveningness was defined by the Horne-Östberg Morningness-Eveningness-Questionnaire (MEQ ≤ 41). Furthermore, we obtained a 7-day actigraphic register. Subjective sleep quality, daytime somnolence, insomnia, fatigue and depressive symptoms were also evaluated. Associations with pregnancy outcomes were investigated. Results: Among 305 patients with GDM, evening preference was found in 21 (6.9%). Patients with evening preference had worse sleep quality (p < 0.01), greater severity of insomnia (p < 0.005), fatigue (p < 0.005) and depressive symptoms (<0.009). Evening chronotype was associated with preeclampsia [p = 0.01; OR = 0.27; CI 0.09-0.79] and a greater need for admission to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) [p = 0.02; OR = 0.23; CI .0.06-0.80]. A lower MEQ score confirmed an association with preeclampsia [p = 0.002; OR = 0.94; CI 0.90-0.97] and this was maintained after controlling for age, arterial hypertension, sleep quality, fatigue and depressive symptoms [p < 005; OR = 0.91; CI 0.87-0.95]. Conclusion: In GDM, patients with evening preference had worse sleep quality, more insomnia, fatigue, and depressive symptoms. Furthermore, eveningness was independently associated with preeclampsia. These results indicate the important role of eveningness in adverse pregnancy outcomes.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1658-1661, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987886

ABSTRACT

With the development of society, the incidence of myopia and the population of myopia has increased year by year, which has become a major public health problem. Therefore, the research on the pathogenesis and prevention and control measures of myopia is imminent. In recent years, the role of the biological clock in the development of myopia has gradually attracted scholars interest. Now the author starts from the impact of the biological clock on the axial length, retina and choroid in the development of myopia. In order to provide new ideas for the study of prevention and control measures and the pathogenesis of myopia, a brief review is made from the perspective of contemporary society and disrupted body clock.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1648-1652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987884

ABSTRACT

A brand-new class of photoreceptors has been identified in the past 20a: intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells(ipRGC). With melanopsin as its photopigment, ipRGCs transmit light signals to non-imaging brain regions like the suprachiasmatic nucleus(SCN)and the olivary pretectal nucleus(OPN)to regulate circadian photoentrainment and pupillary light reflex; a small portion of the signals are projected to brain imaging regions like the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus(dLGN)and superior colliculus(SC), to participate in imaging vision. There are six different ipRGC subtypes(M1~M6), each with its own morphological and physiological characteristics. In addition to receiving signaling inputs from the rods and cones, ipRGCs also regulate retinal signals through chemical and electrical synapses and play important roles in visual signaling and visual development. It has been discovered that ipRGCs are implicated in several systemic and ocular illnesses. Overall, various aspects of ipRGC are reviewed including the discovery, general physiological properties, signaling, and the relationship with disease in this work.

6.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1843-1846, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987266

ABSTRACT

The essence-qi-spirit theory is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine, whose steady state is the material and functional basis for the balance of yin and yang in the body, making the essence, qi and spirit integrated, and body and spirit harmonized. Based on this theory, it is proposed that essence and qi depletion, spirit dissipation and qi dispersion, disharmony between yin and yang is the main pathogenesis of sleep disorders. Therefore, the method of regulating and harmonzing yin and yang by essence gathering, qi nourishing and spirit storing can be used to treat sleep disorder. The biological clock system of the circadian rhythm of sleep is regulated by the molecular oscillation that is generated by the transcription of the biological clock gene, and is a clock gradually formed by orga-nisms constantly adapting to the laws of nature. As the material basis, power, and embodiment of sound and peaceful sleep, essence, qi and spirit can perceive and transmit natural signals, whose functions are similar to what is recognized by modern science that oscillation amplifies the rhythm signal, and synchronously regulates the expression signal of the biological clock gene, thereby forming a biological clock system with “input-oscillation-output” as the feedback cycle. It is believed that the regulation method of yin and yang by essence gathering, qi nourishing and spirit storing may comprehensively regulate the physiological activities through brain/ muscle aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator-like protein 1 (BMAL1)/circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (CLOCK)-period protein (PER)/ cryptochrome (CRY) transcriptional feedback loop, thereby adapting to the natural environment changes, playing an active role in the treatment of sleep disorders, and provideing a new idea for traditional Chinese medicine to reshape the molecular regulation system of the endogenous biological clock to prevent and treat sleep disorders.

7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 245-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture for delayed sleep-wake phase disorder (DSWPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 84 patients with DSWPD were randomized into an observation group (42 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (42 cases, 3 cases dropped off). On the basis of sleep hygiene education, acupuncture was applied at Shenmai (BL 62), Zhaohai (KI 6), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) in the observation group, while placebo acupuncture was applied at the same acupoints in the control group. The treatment lasted for 8 weeks, once every other day, 3 times a week in the 1st to 4th weeks; once every 3 days, 2 times a week in the 5th to 8th weeks. Before and after treatment, the actigraphy (ACT) indexes of objective sleep (total time of stay in bed, total sleep time, sleep efficiency, the number of awakenings and the wake time after falling asleep) and plasma cortisol (CORT) level were observed; before and after treatment and in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment, the scores of morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ), insomnia severity index (ISI), fatigue severity scale (FSS) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total sleep time was prolonged, the sleep efficiency was improved, the number of awakenings was reduced, and the wake time after falling asleep was shortened after treatment in the observation group (P<0.01, P<0.05), and those in the observation group after treatment were superior to the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MEQ scores after treatment in both groups and in the follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were increased (P<0.01), and the MEQ score of each time point after treatment in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.01). The scores of ISI, FSS and ESS after treatment, and the scores of ISI、ESS in follow-up of 1, 3 months after treatment in the observation group were decreased compared with those before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05), and in the observation group, the scores of ISI, FSS and ESS of each time point after treatment were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, the plasma CORT level in the observation group was decreased compared with that before treatment and that in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can improve the sleep and wake phase of patients with DSWPD, improve sleep quality and daytime function, and its mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of plasma CORT level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Sleep , Acupuncture Points , Down-Regulation , Sleep Duration
8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1290-1294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978621

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy(DR)is the most common microvascular complication of patients with diabetes mellitus, and it has become one of the leading causes of visual impairment among working-age people worldwide. The pathogenesis of DR is complicated with multiple mechanisms. Plenty of studies have indicated that circadian rhythm and clock genes are closely related to the pathogenesis of DR. Circadian rhythm is a physiological process regulated by clock genes, which takes 24h as a cycle and is consistent with the changes of light and dark outside. Circadian rhythm regulates various physiological activities of the body. The disturbance of circadian rhythm induces DR by affecting the blood glucose level and the physiological homeostasis of the eye in patients with diabetes mellitus, and clock genes may be involved in the pathogenesis of DR by regulating oxidative stress response, inflammatory response, retinal autophagy rhythm, mitochondrial dysfunction and endothelial progenitor cell function. This paper will introduce the generation and regulation mechanism of circadian rhythm, as well as the internal circadian rhythm of retina, and further discuss the influence of circadian rhythm and clock genes on the occurrence and development of DR, aiming to provide a reference for the prevention and treatment of DR.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1582-1586, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997236

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Hypertension in children can have adverse health effects such as vascular damage, cardiac metabolic risk, and organ damage during childhood, and can also increase the risk of hypertension in adulthood. Obesity has been recognized as an important cause of elevated blood pressure in children. By reviewing and summarizing relevant literature at home and abroad, the study analyzes the relationship between dietary and circadian rhythm and explores the role and mechanism of circadian rhythm in terms of the metabolic health of youth, thereby providing a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases in this population and to identify directions for future research.

10.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 78-82, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995598

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most common and serious complication of diabetes mellitus, which is the main cause of vision loss in adults. Biological clock genes produce circadian rhythms and control its operation, while the disorder of the expression causes the occurrence and development of a series of diseases. It has been demonstrated that biological clock genes might take effects in the development and progression of DR. On the one hand, circadian rhythm disorder-related behavior disrupts the circadian oscillation of clock genes, and the change in its expression level is prone to unbalanced regulation of glucose metabolism, ultimately increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus and DR pathogenesis. On the other hand, DR patients exhibit symptoms of circadian rhythm disorders, and it has been suggested that the clock genes may control the development and progression of DR by affecting a variety of retinal pathophysiological processes. Therefore, maintaining normal circadian rhythm can be used as a disease prevention strategy, and studying the molecular mechanism of clock genes in DR can provide new ideas for more comprehensive elaboration of the pathogenesis of DR and search for new therapeutic targets.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 951-958, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994920

ABSTRACT

Insomnia is the second most common psychiatric disorder in clinical practice, and more than one-third of adults may experience different forms of insomnia during their lifetime, but the root causes behind insomnia need further clarification. Early evidences from twins and family studies had shown that insomnia can be attributed to genetics. In recent years, with the rapid development of gene sequencing technology, Nature Genetics had published several consecutive articles focusing on insomnia and genes, confirming that genetic factors played an important role in the occurrence and development of insomnia. Therefore, the recent research progresses on insomnia and circadian rhythm, cytokines, neurotransmitters, and other related genes were summarized in this review, which could help to understand the pathogenesis of insomnia and develop precise treatment strategies.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 494-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure and its impact on orthostatic hypotension (OH) in Parkinson′s disease (PD).Methods:A total of 165 PD patients from Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from August 2019 to October 2021 were consecutively enrolled. Medical history and scores of motor and non-motor symptoms of patients were collected. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure and OH data were collected, and the OH questionnaire was completed. The incidence of each type of circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure was investigated. The t test, chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to determine between-group differences of circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure. The linear trends in clinical characteristics were tested by linear regression analysis. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the relationship between different circadian rhythm disorders of blood pressure and OH as well as symptomatic OH (SOH). Results:In 165 PD patients, the incidence of reverse dipping pattern was 39.39% (65/165), nocturnal hypertension was 43.64% (72/165), and awakening hypotension was 31.52% (52/165). Compared with patients without reverse dipping pattern, patients with reverse dipping pattern were older [(71.72±7.81) years vs (65.29±9.68) years, t=-4.491, P<0.001], had later onset age [(66.67±9.10) years vs (62.16±10.66) years, t=-2.809, P=0.006], longer duration [36.00(20.50, 95.50) months vs 24.00(12.00, 41.75) months, Z=-3.393, P<0.001], higher dose of levodopa (LD) [(426.15±267.38) mg/d vs (284.00±235.58) mg/d, t=-3.590, P<0.001], higher levodopa equivalent dose (LED) [(514.80±360.03) mg/d vs (341.44±284.57) mg/d, t=-3.440, P=0.001], higher Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)-Ⅱ scores (12.92±6.38 vs 9.54±5.59, t=-3.434, P=0.001), higher UPDRS-Ⅲ scores (28.34±11.60 vs 21.41±12.18, t=-3.508, P=0.001) and higher percentages of hallucinations [18.46% (12/65) vs 7.00% (7/100), χ2 =5.079, P=0.024]. Compared with patients without awakening hypotension, patients with awakening hypotension were older [(70.83±7.09) years vs (66.44±10.16) years, t=-2.811, P=0.006]. Compared with patients without nocturnal hypertension, patients with nocturnal hypertension had longer duration [39.50(15.00, 96.00) months vs 24.00 (12.00, 36.00) months, Z=-2.944, P=0.003], higher LD [(398.61±251.19) mg/d vs (294.62±254.25) mg/d, t=-2.619, P=0.010], higher LED [(493.28±344.02) mg/d vs (345.05±298.59) mg/d, t=-2.959, P=0.004], higher percentages of hallucinations [19.44% (14/72) vs 5.38% (5/93), χ2 =7.882, P=0.005], higher UPDRS-Ⅱ scores (12.08±6.33 vs 10.00±5.86, t=-2.086, P=0.039), higher UPDRS-Ⅲ scores (26.50±11.72 vs 22.42±12.66, t=-2.034, P=0.044), and greater blood pressure variability (BPV) (20.66±5.47 vs 17.44±5.36, t=-3.798, P<0.001). Trend analysis showed that the variety of circadian rhythm was positively correlated with age and duration, use of levodopa and monoamine oxidase B inhibitors and amantidine, morning and daily LD and LED, UPDRS-Ⅱ, UPDRS-Ⅲ and Hamilton Anxiety Scale scores, hallucinations, OH and SOH, and BPV in PD ( P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that awakening hypotension ( OR=3.35, 95% CI 1.55-7.22, P=0.002) and nocturnal hypertension ( OR=2.44, 95% CI 1.20-4.97, P=0.014) were risk factors for OH, and LED ( OR=1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.43, P=0.035), UPDRS-Ⅲ scores ( OR=1.09, 95% CI 1.02-1.16, P=0.009) and w-BPV ( OR=1.14, 95% CI 1.01-1.29, P=0.029) were independent risk factors for SOH. Conclusions:Circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure was correlated with age, duration, severity of motor symptoms. Awakening hypotension and nocturnal hypertension are independent risk factors for OH in PD.

13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1274-1278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992453

ABSTRACT

The occurrence of perioperative adverse events (PAEs) significantly affects postoperative recovery of patients. In recent years, more and more studies have found that the start time of surgery is closely related to the occurrence of PAE, especially in terms of hospital stay and cost, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and postoperative mortality. This review aims to summarize the impact of different types of surgeries on PAE starting in the morning or afternoon, and to elucidate the possible mechanisms by which morning or afternoon surgeries affect PAE occurrence from the perspectives of circadian rhythms, human factors, and infrastructure, in order to provide reference for reducing patient PAE and accelerating patient recovery.

14.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1165-1169, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of Sishen pill compound combined with mesalazine in the treatment of mild to moderate ulcerative colitis and its effect on the circadian rhythm of symptoms. Methods:A total of 136 patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis who received treatment in Hospital of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2018 to December 2020 were included in this prospective randomized controlled trial. These patients were divided into a treatment group ( n = 68) and a control group ( n = 68). The treatment group was treated with Sishen pill compound combined with mesalazine. The control group was treated with mesalazine alone. All patients were treated for 12 weeks. Clinical efficacy, as well as morning abdominal pain grade, morning diarrhea score, fecal trait score, Mayo score, hemoglobin, and hypersensitive C-reactive protein pre- and post-treatment, were compared between the two groups. Results:Total response rate in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group [91.18% (62/68) vs. 72.06% (49/68), χ2 = 8.28, P < 0.05]. After treatment, morning diarrhea score, morning abdominal pain score, fecal trait score, Mayo score, hemoglobin, and hypersensitive C-reactive protein in the treatment group were (0.47 ± 0.56) points, (0.53 ± 0.56) points, (3.01 ± 0.72) points, (7.13 ± 1.38) points, (108.04 ± 12.21) g/L, (4.00 ± 2.19) mg/L, respectively, and they were (0.84 ± 0.56) points, (1.12 ± 0.56) points, (4.40 ± 0.76) points, (3.25 ± 1.44) points, (102.15 ± 12.61) g/L, and (6.07 ± 3.66) mg/L respectively in the control group. There were significant differences in these indexes between the treatment and control groups ( t = 3.59, 5.95, 10.06, 9.62, 2.78, 3.99, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Sishen pill compound combined with mesalazine can effectively reduce clinical symptoms of active ulcerative colitis, increase hemoglobin level, decrease C-reactive protein level, improve the efficiency of treatment, reduce symptoms and the number of diarrhea rhythms, and improve stool symptoms of mild to moderate ulcerative colitis patients.

15.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 303-307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989229

ABSTRACT

Biological clock proteins are involved in the regulation of many important physiological processes, including blood pressure. The deletion or mutation of core circadian clock genes may cause elevated blood pressure levels and disrupted blood pressure rhythms, exacerbating vascular function damage, and ultimately leading to the occurrence, development and poor outcome of ischemic stroke. This article reviews the molecular mechanism of biological clock rhythm, the relationship between biological clock gene and blood pressure regulation mechanism, the mechanism of circadian rhythm disorder in the occurrence and development of hypertension, and the relationship between blood pressure rhythm disorder and stroke.

16.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 40-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016049

ABSTRACT

With the increase in global life expectancy, the incidence of neurodegenerative diseases is increasing year by year. Studies have confirmed that patients with different types of neurodegenerative diseases have circadian rhythm disorder and gut microbiota dysregulation. The occurrence of neurodegenerative diseases and circadian rhythm disorder are mutually causal, and in this causal relationship, gut microbiota may play an important role. Gut microbiota affects the communication between gut and brain through "microbiota ⁃ gut ⁃ brain axis", and can affect neural development. Gut microbiota dysregulation can increase the risk of neurodegenerative diseases. At the same time, the diurnal fluctuation of gut microbiota themselves is also regulated by the host biological clock. This article reviewed the progress of research on relationship of circadian rhythm disorder and gut microbiota involved in neurodegenerative diseases.

17.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 475-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986055

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease is a class of diseases involving the heart or blood vessels, which accounts for about one-third of all deaths worldwide each year. Unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption are all risk factors for cardiovascular disease. With the increasing number of night shift workers, the number of patients with cardiovascular disease has increased, and night shift work has gradually become a risk factor of cardiovascular disease. At present, the mechanism of cardiovascular disease caused by night shift work is still unclear. This review summarizes the relationship between night shift work and cardiovascular disease and its related biochemical indicators, and discusses the research on related mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shift Work Schedule/adverse effects , Work Schedule Tolerance , Cardiovascular Diseases , Risk Factors , Smoking
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5681-5689, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008766

ABSTRACT

Circadian rhythm refers to the daily rhythmic variations in an organism. The irregular lifestyles of modern humans have led to a high incidence of chronic diseases, highlighting an inseparable relationship between disrupted circadian rhythm and disease development. TCM has long discussed rhythmic variations, with records dating back to the Yellow Emperor's Inner Canon(Huang Di Nei Jing), which laid a rich theoretical foundation for the research on circadian rhythm. Modern medical research has provided a more comprehensive explanation of its molecular mechanisms. This article integrated the current understanding of circadian rhythm in both Chinese and western medicine, emphasizing the crucial relationship between rhythm regulation and disease treatment. By highlighting the interdisciplinary nature of the two fields, it offers new directions for exploring the field of chronomedicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Acupuncture Therapy , Circadian Rhythm , Biomedical Research , Polygonatum
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 184-191, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971016

ABSTRACT

The circadian clock is an evolutionary molecular product that is associated with better adaptation to changes in the external environment. Disruption of the circadian rhythm plays a critical role in tumorigenesis of many kinds of cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). Integrating circadian rhythm into PCa research not only brings a closer understanding of the mechanisms of PCa but also provides new and effective options for the precise treatment of patients with PCa. This review begins with patterns of the circadian clock, highlights the role of the disruption of circadian rhythms in PCa at the epidemiological and molecular levels, and discusses possible new approaches to PCa therapy that target the circadian clock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinogenesis , Circadian Clocks/physiology , Circadian Rhythm/physiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/physiopathology
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 569-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970525

ABSTRACT

Circadian rhythm is an internal regulatory mechanism formed in organisms in response to the circadian periodicity in the environment, which modulates the pathophysiological events, occurrence and development of diseases, and the response to treatment in mammals. It significantly influences the susceptibility, injury, and recovery of ischemic stroke, and the response to therapy. Accumulating evidence indicates that circadian rhythms not only regulate the important physiological factors of ischemic stroke events, such as blood pressure and coagulation-fibrinolysis system, but also participate in the immuno-inflammatory reaction mediated by glial cells and peripheral immune cells after ischemic injury and the regulation of neurovascular unit(NVU). This article aims to link molecular, cellular, and physiological pathways in circadian biology to the clinical consequences of ischemic stroke and to illustrate the impact of circadian rhythms on ischemic stroke pathogenesis, the regulation of NVU, and the immuno-inflammatory responses. The regulation of circadian rhythm by traditional Chinese medicine is reviewed, and the research progress of traditional Chinese medicine intervention in circadian rhythm is summarized to provide a reasonable and valuable reference for the follow-up traditional Chinese medicine research and molecular mechanism research of circadian rhythm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ischemic Stroke , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Circadian Rhythm , Blood Coagulation , Blood Pressure , Mammals
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