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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699864


Objective To measure the maximum dissolved oxygen concentration of the lithotripter to avoid visible air bubbles during lithotripsy.Methods The present situation of degassing of lithotripter and clinical requirements for water were introduced.Under the following conditions of 7.5 L water capacity,35 L/h water flow,ambient temperature 28 ℃,17 kV,60 shocks per minute,the lithotripter discharged 10 000 shocks continuously without a visible air bubble in the circulating water,then the dissolved oxygens in the water were measured by using AZ8403 dissolved oxygen meter.The maximum value of dissolved oxygen in the water was determined therefore without a visible air bubble.Results The visible tiny air bubble emerged during lithotripsy if the dissolved oxygen in the water was above 3.37 mg/L and ambient temperature was about 28 ℃;the bubble could be avoided if the dissolved oxygen was under 3.34 mg/L and ambient temperature was about 28 ℃.Conclusion The circulating water with dissolved oxygen concentration less [han 3 mig/L and about 28 ℃ ambient temnperature are recommended for the electromagnetic extracorporea] shock wave lithotripter during lithotripsy.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45366


BACKGROUND: During head and neck surgery including orthognathic surgery, mild intraoperative hypothermia occurs frequently. Hypothermia is associated with postanesthetic shivering, which may increase the risk of other postoperative complications. To improve intraoperative thermoregulation, devices such as forced-air warming blankets can be applied. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of supplemental forced-air warming blankets in preventing postanesthetic shivering. METHODS: This retrospective study included 113 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery between March and September 2015. According to the active warming method utilized during surgery, patients were divided into two groups: Group W (n = 55), circulating-water mattress; and Group F (n = 58), circulating-water mattress and forced-air warming blanket. Surgical notes and anesthesia and recovery room records were evaluated. RESULTS: Initial axillary temperatures did not significantly differ between groups (Group W = 35.9 ± 0.7℃, Group F = 35.8 ± 0.6℃). However, at the end of surgery, the temperatures in Group W were significantly lower than those in Group F (35.2 ± 0.5℃ and 36.2 ± 0.5℃, respectively, P = 0.04). The average body temperatures in Groups W and F were, respectively, 35.9 ± 0.5℃ and 36.2 ± 0.5℃ (P = 0.0001). In Group W, 24 patients (43.6%) experienced postanesthetic shivering, while in Group F, only 12 (20.7%) patients required treatment for postanesthetic shivering (P = 0.009, odds ratio = 0.333, 95% confidence interval: 0.147-0.772). CONCLUSIONS: Additional use of forced-air warming blankets in orthognathic surgery was superior in maintaining normothermia and reduced the incidence of postanesthetic shivering.

Anesthesia , Body Temperature , Body Temperature Regulation , Head , Humans , Hypothermia , Incidence , Methods , Neck , Odds Ratio , Orthognathic Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Recovery Room , Retrospective Studies , Shivering
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22451


A 50-year-old woman underwent left pneumonectomy under general anesthesia. A circulating water mattress covered by a cotton sheet was placed on the operating table, because of an anticipated prolonged surgical time. The mattress's temperature regulator was set at 37oC. After 7 hours of operation in the right lateral decubitus position, 10 x 8 cm sized mixed first- and second-degree burn was found on the right greater trochanteric area, the main weight-bearing site. Although healing occurred without skin graft or complication, this case emphasizes the importance of vigilance to avoid pressure sores and thermal burn injuries during prolonged operations using a circulating water mattress.

Anesthesia, General , Burns , Female , Femur , Humans , Middle Aged , Operating Tables , Operative Time , Pneumonectomy , Pressure Ulcer , Skin , Transplants , Water , Weight-Bearing