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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4759-4764, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771576


To clarify the clinical application of the group standard (T/CACM 1035-2017) of the Chinese Society of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the clinical practice guideline on traditional chinese medicine therapy alone or combined with community acquired pneumonia, and to understand the clinical applicability of the Guideline. The clinical workers trained in terms of the Guideline in hospitals at all levels in China were selected as the research objects. A total of 494 questionnaires on application evaluation and 511 questionnaires on applicability evaluation were collected to construct the database of the post-effect evaluation of the Guideline. Excel software was used for statistical analysis. The overall evaluation of the Guideline was 92.31%, 91.06%, 87.45% respectively in efficacy, safety and economy. The Guideline was well used in clinical application, and 99.41% of the patients were willing to follow the recommended scheme. The agreed ratio in rationality evaluation was 97.98%, 92.37%, 94.53% and 92.71% in treatment rules, syndrome differentiation and classification, prevention of complications, and rehabilitation method. The effective rate of the prescriptions recommended in the Guideline was all above 65%. More than 80% of the prescriptions were Tanreqing Injection, Yinqiao Powder, Qingjin Huatan Decoction, Maxing Shigan Decoction, Shengmai San and Shashen Maidong Decoction. Adverse reactions, unknown active components and economy of Chinese patent medicines were the important factors affecting drug use and efficacy, providing a clinical basis for updating and revising the standard.

Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , China , Community-Acquired Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pneumonia
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1362-1372, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44047


We investigated the safety and clinical applicability of 7.0 Tesla (T) brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with brain tumors. Twenty-four patients with intraaxial or extraaxial brain tumors were enrolled in this study. 7.0T MRIs of T2*-weighted axial and T1-weighted coronal or sagittal images were obtained and compared with 1.5T brain MRIs. The T2*-weighted images from 7.0T brain MRI revealed detailed microvasculature and the internal contents of supratentorial brain tumors better than that of 1.5T brain MRI. For brain tumors located in parasellar areas or areas adjacent to major cerebral vessels, flow-related artifacts were exaggerated in the 7.0T brain MRIs. For brain tumors adjacent to the skull base, susceptibility artifacts in the interfacing areas of the paranasal sinus and skull base hampered the aquisition of detailed images and information on brain tumors in the 7.0T brain MRIs. This study shows that 7.0T brain MRI can provide detailed information on the intratumoral components and margins in supratentorial brain tumors. Further studies are needed to develop refined MRI protocols for better images of brain tumors located in the skull base, parasellar, and adjacent major cerebrovascular structures.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Dizziness/etiology , Headache/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/adverse effects , Muscle Contraction/radiation effects