Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 115
Filter
1.
Odontol. sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 25(1): e20982, ene.-mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish, English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358548

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El presente artículo resume las recomendaciones basadas en evidencias de la guía de práctica clínica (GPC) para el tratamiento de los pacientes con infecciones odontogénicas (absceso dentoalveolar, celulitis facial y absceso cervicofacial) en el Seguro Social de Salud del Perú (EsSalud). Objetivo. Brindar recomendaciones clínicas basadas en evidencia para el tratamiento de pacientes con infecciones odontogénicas en EsSalud. Métodos. Se conformó un grupo elaborador de la guía (GEG) que incluyó cirujanos dentistas, especialistas y metodólogos. El GEG formuló cuatro preguntas clínicas a ser respondidas en la presente GPC. Se realizó búsquedas sistemáticas de revisiones sistemáticas y cuando fue considerado pertinente­ estudios primarios en PubMed y CENTRAL durante el año 2019. Se seleccionó la evidencia para responder cada una de las preguntas clínicas planteadas. La certeza de la evidencia fue evaluada usando la metodología Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). En reuniones de trabajo periódicas, el GEG usó la metodología GRADE para revisar la evidencia y formular las recomendaciones, los puntos de buena práctica clínica y el flujo- grama de tratamiento. Finalmente, la GPC fue aprobada con Resolución N° 067­IET- SI-ESSALUD-2020. Resultados. La presente GPC abordó cuatro preguntas clínicas, divididas en dos temas: manejo farmacológico y manejo quirúrgico de las infecciones odontogénicas. En base a dichas preguntas se formularon seis recomendaciones fuertes, dos recomendaciones condicionales, 11 puntos de buena práctica clínica, y un flujograma. Conclusión. El presente artículo resume la metodología y las conclusiones basadas en evidencias de la GPC para tratamiento de las infecciones odontogénicas (absceso dentoalveolar, celulitis facial y absceso cervicofacial) en EsSalud.


Introduction. This article summarizes the evidence-based recommendations of the clinical practice guide (CPG) for the treatment of patients with odontogenic infections (dentoalveolar abscess, facial cellulitis and cervicofacial abscess) in the Social Security of Health of Peru (EsSalud). Objective. To provide evidence-based clinical recommendations for the treatment of patients with odontogenic infections in EsSalud. Methods. A guideline development group (GEG) was formed that included dental surgeons, specialists, and methodologists. The GEG formulated four clinical questions to be answered in this CPG. We conducted systematic searches for systematic reviews and when deemed relevant - primary studies in PubMed and CENTRAL during 2019. The evidence was selected to answer each of the clinical questions posed. The certainty of the evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology. In periodic work meetings, the GEG used the GRADE methodology to review the evidence and formulate the recommendations, the points of good clinical practice and the treatment flow chart. Finally, the CPG was approved with Resolution No. 067 ­ IETSI-ESSALUD-2020. Results. This CPG addressed four clinical questions, divided into two topics: pharmacological management and surgical management of odontogenic infections. Based on these questions, six strong recommen- dations were formulated, two conditional recommendations, 11 points of good clinical practice, and a flow chart. Conclusion. This article summarizes the methodology and evidence-based conclusions of the CPG for the treatment of odontogenic infections (dentoalveolar abscess, facial cellulitis and cervicofacial abscess) in EsSalud.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936039

ABSTRACT

In the last decade, the development of clinical practice guidelines in China has grown rapidly. However, with regards to the guidelines that have been established in the past, few were of high quality and in line with international standards. The main reason for this was that many clinical experts were not familiar with the procedures and rules of clinical guidelines before established, which lowered the quality seriously. Clinical practice guidelines are based on a clinical problem that is distilled into populations, interventions, comparison and outcome (PICO). After comprehensive systematic review, recommendations are made through evidence grading and strength of recommendation system. In addition, other issues should be noted such as pros and cons of the recommendation for specific population, preferences and values of the population, cost-effectiveness, and the health care system. A high-quality guideline requires multidimensional thinking (from clinicians, patients and policy makers), the implementation of a standard procedure (to ensure guidelines scientifically sound, honest and transparent), as well as the collaboration of multiple organizations (including experts, methodologists and policy makers).


Subject(s)
China , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940211

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo collect common prescriptions from multiple channels based on the mainstream guidance materials combined with ancient books to provide references for the selection principles of common prescriptions in clinical practice guidelines of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine. MethodWith the research on the selection of commonly used prescriptions in Clinical Practice Guidelines of Chinese and Western Medicine for Cough in Children as an example,the nation-recommended Schedule Ⅲ drugs and prescriptions for cough in children in the clinical diagnosis and treatment guidelines of TCM (TCM and western medicine)/expert consensus/clinical pathway/diagnosis and treatment protocols,three TCM pediatric textbooks, the experience of famous experts, and ancient books were searched for the establishment of a prescription database and analysis of medication regularity. ResultThe results showed that there were 71 commonly used prescriptions for the treatment of cough in children. The top 3 clinically indicated syndromes were the syndrome of phlegm-heat blocking the lung,the syndrome of wind-heat invading the lung,and the syndrome of wind-cold attacking the lung,and the top 5 efficacies corresponding to high-frequency drugs were reliving cough and dyspnea, clearing heat/resolving phlegm, dispersing wind/dissipating cold, clearing heat/purging fire, and dispersing wind/dissipating heat. The most commonly used Chinese medicines included Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Platycodonis Radix, Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma, Ephedrae Herba, Scutellariae Radix, Pinelliae Rhizoma, and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium. Some drugs showed high internal correlations with Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Platycodonis Radix. There were 228 prescriptions for the treatment of cough in children based on the ancient books in the Chinese Medical Code. The most commonly used Chinese medicines were Pinelliae Rhizoma, Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Poria, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Platycodonis Radix, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, and Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma. The top 5 efficacies corresponding to high-frequency drugs were dispersing wind/dissipating cold, relieving cough and dyspnea, clearing heat/resolving phlegm, warming cold/resolving phlegm, and tonifying Qi. Some drugs showed high internal correlations with Pinelliae Rhizoma and Platycodonis Radix. As revealed by the comparison of ancient and modern medication, the medication principles could be roughly classified into two categories: ventilating the lung/descending Qi and resolving phlegm. In ancient medication, the drugs for cough in children were mainly used for warming, tonifying, dissipating cold, excreting water, alleviating edema, and astringing lung and intestines, while in modern medication, the prescriptions were mainly for dispersing wind, clearing heat, tonifying yin, and moistening dampness. ConclusionThis study systematically analyzed the commonly used prescriptions for the treatment of cough in children and provided references for the selection of TCM in clinical practice guidelines.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940114

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo collect common prescriptions from multiple channels based on the mainstream guidance materials combined with ancient books to provide references for the selection principles of common prescriptions in clinical practice guidelines of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine. MethodWith the research on the selection of commonly used prescriptions in Clinical Practice Guidelines of Chinese and Western Medicine for Cough in Children as an example,the nation-recommended Schedule Ⅲ drugs and prescriptions for cough in children in the clinical diagnosis and treatment guidelines of TCM (TCM and western medicine)/expert consensus/clinical pathway/diagnosis and treatment protocols,three TCM pediatric textbooks, the experience of famous experts, and ancient books were searched for the establishment of a prescription database and analysis of medication regularity. ResultThe results showed that there were 71 commonly used prescriptions for the treatment of cough in children. The top 3 clinically indicated syndromes were the syndrome of phlegm-heat blocking the lung,the syndrome of wind-heat invading the lung,and the syndrome of wind-cold attacking the lung,and the top 5 efficacies corresponding to high-frequency drugs were reliving cough and dyspnea, clearing heat/resolving phlegm, dispersing wind/dissipating cold, clearing heat/purging fire, and dispersing wind/dissipating heat. The most commonly used Chinese medicines included Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Platycodonis Radix, Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma, Ephedrae Herba, Scutellariae Radix, Pinelliae Rhizoma, and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium. Some drugs showed high internal correlations with Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Platycodonis Radix. There were 228 prescriptions for the treatment of cough in children based on the ancient books in the Chinese Medical Code. The most commonly used Chinese medicines were Pinelliae Rhizoma, Armeniacae Semen Amarum, Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, Poria, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Platycodonis Radix, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, and Bolbostemmatis Rhizoma. The top 5 efficacies corresponding to high-frequency drugs were dispersing wind/dissipating cold, relieving cough and dyspnea, clearing heat/resolving phlegm, warming cold/resolving phlegm, and tonifying Qi. Some drugs showed high internal correlations with Pinelliae Rhizoma and Platycodonis Radix. As revealed by the comparison of ancient and modern medication, the medication principles could be roughly classified into two categories: ventilating the lung/descending Qi and resolving phlegm. In ancient medication, the drugs for cough in children were mainly used for warming, tonifying, dissipating cold, excreting water, alleviating edema, and astringing lung and intestines, while in modern medication, the prescriptions were mainly for dispersing wind, clearing heat, tonifying yin, and moistening dampness. ConclusionThis study systematically analyzed the commonly used prescriptions for the treatment of cough in children and provided references for the selection of TCM in clinical practice guidelines.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927385

ABSTRACT

Based on the 28 Chinese clinical practice guidelines of acupuncture and moxibustion, this study summarized and analyzed the contents related to reaching consensus during the development process. The results indicated that all the 28 guidelines reported they have used consensus in the "recommendations" section, and provided details on consensus personnel, consensus methods, consensus process and consensus materials. However, it was found that the reporting of consensus was in need of further improvement. The limitations included unclear definition and responsibilities of "expert group", obscure concept between "consensus meeting" and "expert discussion", non-rigorous process of reaching consensus when generating recommendations and lacking of detailed reporting of the consensus reaching process. As such, we suggested that future researchers should conduct researches to further standardized the consensus process when developing acupuncture and moxibustion clinical practice guidelines, so as to improve the quality and clinical applicability of guidelines..


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , China , Consensus , Moxibustion , Practice Guidelines as Topic
6.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(3): e1493, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347546

ABSTRACT

La litiasis vesicular en la infancia y adolescencia ha acusado un notable incremento en los últimos años. En países europeos, como Inglaterra, las colecistectomías se han triplicado desde 1997 y en el 2012 en el Hospital Infantil de Santiago de Cuba representó el 96,4 % de todas las operaciones mayores electivas. En el IV Simposio Nacional de Cirugía Pediátrica (Varadero, Matanzas, 1- 3 de julio de 2019) fue presentada, discutida y aprobada esta "Guía de Práctica Clínica de litiasis vesicular en niños y adolescentes" y se recomendó, al concluir dicho evento, compartir dicha guía a través de su publicación, para que los servicios de cirugía pediátrica la empleen como referencia y la apliquen en las instituciones del sistema cubano de salud encargadas de la atención sanitaria de niños y adolescentes(AU)


Vesicular lithiasis in childhood and adolescence has had a marked increase in recent years. In European countries such as England, cholecystectomies have tripled since 1997 and in 2012 at the Children's Hospital in Santiago de Cuba accounted for 96.4% of all major elective operations. At the IV National Symposium on Pediatric Surgery (Varadero, Matanzas, July 1-3, 2019) this " Clinical Practice Guidelines of Vesicular Lithiasis in Children and Adolescents" was presented, discussed and approved, and it was recommended, at the conclusion of that event, to share this guidelines through its publication, for pediatric surgery services to use it as a reference and to be applied in the institutions of the Cuban health system which are responsible for the health care of children and adolescents(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Cholecystectomy/methods , Urinary Bladder Calculi/epidemiology , Practice Guideline , Health Systems , Delivery of Health Care/methods
7.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(3)sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409237

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En presencia de la pandemia COVID-19 surge la necesidad de diseñar un protocolo cubano de actuación para la atención de estos casos, cuya elaboración requiere, fundamentalmente, de la selección de los contenidos, así como de una adecuada estructuración. Objetivo: Estructurar el Protocolo Cubano de Actuación para la Atención de Casos COVID-19. Métodos: Se aplicaron los métodos teóricos histórico lógico, análisis documental, sistematización, análisis síntesis y concreción abstracción. Se aplicó la técnica de revisión bibliográfica de documentos normativos, publicaciones científicas indexadas en bases de datos internacionales y sitios web, además de la consulta a especialistas. El proceso de estructuración del Protocolo cubano de actuación para la atención de casos COVID-19 se realizó en tres fases: preestructuración, estructuración y revisión. Resultados: La estructura final del protocolo quedó conformada por cuatro capítulos, bibliografía y anexos. Conclusiones: El diseño de un protocolo de actuación tiene dos procesos fundamentales: la selección de los contenidos y la estructuración, para lo cual se deben conformar los equipos de trabajo correspondientes. La estructuración del Protocolo Cubano de Actuación para la Atención de Casos COVID-19 constituye un proceso metodológico desarrollado en tres fases que facilita su perfeccionamiento mediante la revisión constante. Lo conforma cuatro capítulos que favorece su entendimiento y aplicación al ser un documento que contiene las generalidades, el manejo de casos según grupos y por niveles de atención y traslado, desde el escenario preventivo hasta la atención a los convalecientes e incluye el manejo del cadáver, así como bibliografía consultada y anexos.


ABSTRACT Introduction: In presence of the COVID-19 pandemic emerges the need of designing a Cuban protocol of action for the care of these cases, which creation mainly requires the selection of contents, as well as a suitable structuring. Objective: Structure the Cuban Protocol of action for the care of COVID-19 cases. Methods: There were applied the following methods: theoretical historical logical, documental analysis, systematization, synthetic analysis and concreteness abstraction. It was applied the technique of bibliographic review of normative documents, scientific publications indexed in international databases and web sites, in addition to the consultation to specialists. The structuring process of the Cuban Protocol of action for the care of COVID-19 cases was carried out in three phases: pre-structuring, structuring and review. Results: The final structure of the protocol was formed by four chapters, bibliography and annexes. Conclusions: The design of a protocol of action has two main processes: the selection of the contents and the structuring, and for them, the pertinent work teams must be formed. The structuring of the Cuban protocol of action for the care of COVID-19 cases is a methodological process developed in three phases that facilitate its improvement through constant review. It is formed by four chapters that favour its understanding and application being a document that contain the generalities, the management of cases according to groups and by levels of care and transfer, from the preventive scenario to the care to convalescent patients; and includes the management of corpses, as well as consulted bibliography and annexes.

8.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1306,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280377

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad herniaria inguinal de la niñez, comprende un grupo de afecciones de la región inguinal que tienen su génesis en fallos de la obliteración del conducto peritoneo vaginal o conducto vaginal. El propósito de los autores es compartir esta guía con los cirujanos pediátricos a través de su publicación, lo que les permitiría emplearla como referencia en sus instituciones. La enfermedad herniaria inguinal de la niñez, constituye la primera causa de operaciones electivas ‒programadas o planificadas‒ en unidades quirúrgicas pediátricas. Tiene una incidencia que varía entre 1 y 7 por ciento de la población infantil. En el IV Simposio Nacional de Cirugía Pediátrica (Varadero, Matanzas, 1- 3 de juliode 2019) se presentó, discutió y se aprobó esta guía de práctica clínica. Su aplicación en diferentes servicios de cirugía pediátrica beneficiaría a un gran número de niños con esta enfermedad, además de ser útil como orientación a profesionales encargados de la atención sanitaria a niños y adolescentes en la atención primaria de salud(AU)


Children´s inguinal hernia disease comprises a group of conditions in the groin region that have their genesis in failures of peritoneal vaginal duct obliteration or vaginal duct. The purpose of the authors is to share these guidelines with pediatric surgeons through its publication, which would allow them to use it as a reference in their institutions. Children´s inguinal hernia disease is the leading cause of elective operations, programmed or planned, in pediatric surgical units. It has an incidence ranging from 1 to 7 percent of the children population. At the IV National Symposium on Pediatric Surgery (Varadero, Matanzas, 1-3 July 2019) these clinical practice guidelines were presented, discussed and approved. Their application in different pediatric surgery services would benefit a large number of children with this disease, as well as being useful as guidance to professionals in charge of health care for children and adolescents in the primary health care level(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Peritoneum , Primary Health Care , Incidence , Hernia, Inguinal
9.
Kampo Medicine ; : 302-306, 2021.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936786

ABSTRACT

Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common complaints of Japanese citizens, and is a symptom for which acupuncture has been applied since ancient times. We empirically recognize that acupuncture is effective for LBP, but in recent years, it became necessary to show evidence regarding its efficacy and effectiveness.Currently, to elucidate the effect of a medical intervention, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the gold standard and outcomes of RCTs are integrated as a systematic review (SR), and these are used to establish the degree of recommendation in the clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). Eventually, practitioners make their clinical decisions according to the recommendations in CPGs.In this report, the author compared CPGs of acupuncture for LBP between those of the United Kingdom (UK) and United States of America (USA). The NICE guideline development group of the UK did not fully understand Japanese-style acupuncture, and they considered clinical trials with placebo/sham as a control to be the most important, leading to underestimating the effect of acupuncture. On the other hand, the ACP guideline of the USA considers clinical trials with conventional treatment as a control to be more important, and accordingly the effect of acupuncture was evaluated realistically.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877636

ABSTRACT

To sort out the existing problems within the published 35 evidence-based acupuncture-moxibustion clinical practice guidelines (group standards) in Chinese: the development methods and the development process are not clear and strict enough; the evidence evaluation system fails to fully reflect the characteristics of acupuncture and moxibustion. Therefore,


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Evidence-Based Practice , Moxibustion
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current status of the evidence-based practice program of physical restraint in ICU patients and analyze its influencing factors, formulate and implement an action plan for continuous application of the program, so as to improve the knowledge level and evidence-based nursing ability of nurses, promote the improvement of patient outcomes, and strengthen the organization′s evidence-based cultural atmosphere.Methods:This study selected the program application departments of China Japan Friendship Hospital Surgical ICU as the research object, including all nurses, patients, nursing process, department standard system, etc. To understand the status and influencing factors of the project through observation and interview methods. The "Optimized Version of Evidence-based Practice Program of Physical Restraint in ICU Patients" was formulated and implemented, and a before-and-after comparative study method was used to comprehensively evaluate the implementation effect from the level of patients, nurses and organization.Results:The implementation rate of the 7 review standards of the program application department showed a downward trend; the patient restraint rate and restraint duration increased compared with the previous period; after the implementation of the optimized version program, the implementation of each item had been improved; the physical restraint rate decreased from 34.91% (37/106) before optimization to 28.57% (8/28) ( χ 2 value was 0.40, P>0.05), and the time of physical restraint decreased from 60.93 hours before optimization to 48.09 hours after optimization ( Z value was -0.19, P>0.05). Conclusions:The continuous application of the evidence-based practice project of physical restraint in ICU patients was not very optimistic. The continuity of implementation was affected by many factors. The continuous quality improvement of this evidence-based practice project can promote the improvement of the standard of physical restraint of patients, improve the quality of life of patients, promote the improvement of nurses' knowledge level and the improvement of evidence-based nursing ability; at the same time, it created a better organization′s evidence-based cultural atmosphere.

12.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(3): 407-416, Sept.-Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1134681

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: There is scientific evidence that the health of women before pregnancy contributes to the maternal and infant outcomes of pregnancy. There is also scientific evidence that the health of women of reproductive age may be improved through the provision of Preconception Care (PCC). Preconception care includes interventions to assess, identify, address, and modify a woman's health conditions and risks to ensure that these health conditions and risks do not negatively affect the outcome of her pregnancy. Many of the medical conditions, environmental exposures, personal behaviors, and psychosocial risks associated with negative pregnancy outcomes have been identified and there are recommendations for including these conditions in PCC servicesOBJECTIVE: Our purpose is to present a tool for clinical care providers involved in delivering PCC services. We try to answer the following questions: what do providers actually do when a woman of reproductive age arrives at their offices? What questions to ask? What examinations to conduct? What laboratory tests to perform? And, what education and counselling to offer?METHODS: We reviewed published and un-published literature related to the scientific evidence for the effectiveness of PCC in improving pregnancy outcomes. We searched PubMed for published articles, and we searched the internet for unpublished reports prepared by international organizations such as the World Health Organization and reports from governmental agencies. We summarized the information and presented a comprehensive overview of actions that providers should take to address various risk behaviors, exposures and health conditionsRESULTS: Several scientists, countries, and international organizations have proposed answers to the above questions. However, there has been no consistency and there is not a single publication that includes a comprehensive compilation of the proposed actions. We summarized the recommended actions that clinical care providers should take in addressing various health conditions, risk behaviors, and exposuresCONCLUSION: It is recommended that all providers screen all women for their intentions to become pregnant and to provide them with appropriate services. Women should be referred to specialized care when risk behaviors and medical conditions that go beyond the skills and abilities of the primary care provider are identified


INTRODUÇÃO: Existem evidências científicas de que a saúde das mulheres antes da gravidez contribui para os resultados maternos e infantis da gravidez. Há também evidências científicas de que a saúde das mulheres em idade reprodutiva pode ser melhorada através da prestação de cuidados preconcepção. Os cuidados preconcepção incluem intervenções para avaliar, identificar, abordar e modificar as condições e riscos de saúde de uma mulher para garantir que essas condições e riscos não afetem negativamente o resultado de sua gravidez. Muitas condições médicas, exposições ambientais, comportamentos pessoais e riscos psicossociais associados a resultados negativos da gravidez foram identificados e existem recomendações para a inclusão dessas condições nos serviços de assistência preconcepçãoOBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é servir como uma ferramenta para os prestadores de cuidados clínicos envolvidos na prestação de serviços de cuidados preconcepção. Tentamos responder às seguintes perguntas: o que os profissionais realmente fazem quando uma mulher em idade reprodutiva chega a seus escritórios? Que perguntas fazer? Quais exames realizar? Quais exames laboratoriais devem ser realizados? E que educação e aconselhamento oferecer?MÉTODO: Revisamos a literatura publicada e não publicada relacionada à evidência científica para a eficácia dos cuidados preconcepção na melhoria dos resultados da gravidez. Pesquisamos no PubMed por artigos publicados e pesquisamos na Internet relatórios não publicados preparados por organizações internacionais como a Organização Mundial da Saúde e relatórios de agências governamentais. Resumimos as informações e apresentamos uma visão abrangente das ações que os fornecedores devem adotar para abordar vários comportamentos de risco, exposições e condições de saúdeRESULTADOS: Vários cientistas, países e organizações internacionais propuseram respostas para as perguntas acima. No entanto, não houve consistência e não há uma única publicação que inclua uma compilação abrangente das ações propostas. Resumimos as ações recomendadas que os prestadores de cuidados clínicos devem adotar para lidar com várias condições de saúde, comportamentos de risco e exposiçõesCONCLUSÃO: Recomenda-se que todos os profissionais examinem todas as mulheres quanto à sua intenção de engravidar e forneçam-lhes os serviços adequados. As mulheres devem ser encaminhadas para atendimento especializado quando forem identificados comportamentos de risco e condições médicas que vão além das habilidades do prestador de cuidados primários


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Child Health , Women's Health , Preconception Care , Practice Guideline , Maternal Health
13.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 49(2): 102-108, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1115650

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Implementar una guía de práctica clínica para la detección oportuna y el diagnóstico de los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria en adolescentes y adultos en los servicios de consulta prioritaria y consulta externa de un hospital mental público de Barranquilla, Colombia. Se identificaron barreras para el acceso a la guía implementada. Métodos: Para identificar guías de práctica clínica basadas en la evidencia que implementar, se hicieron búsquedas sistemáticas en bases de datos internacionales de organismos desarrolladores o compiladores de guías de práctica clínica y en bases de datos que recogieran literatura científica sobre temas relacionados con trastornos de la conducta alimentaria. Conclusiones: Las dos guías para realizar la selección final por consenso de un equipo multidisciplinario del hospital fueron: «Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of eating disorders¼ y «Guía de práctica clínica sobre trastornos de la conducta alimentaria de Catalunya¼, que finalmente fue la elegida por consenso. No existe aún para los profesionales de la salud una guía de práctica clínica implementada en el servicio de consulta externa y prioritaria de los hospitales colombianos para los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria.


ABSTRACT Objective: To implement clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the timely detection and diagnosis of eating disorders in adolescents and adults in the priority outpatient department of a public psychiatric hospital in Barranquilla, Colombia. Barriers to access to the implemented guidelines were identified. Methods: For the identification of evidence-based CPGs to be implemented, systematic searches were carried out in international databases of development agencies or compilers of clinical practice guidelines, and in databases that contained scientific literature on issues related to eating disorders. Conclusions: The two guidelines shortlisted for the final selection by consensus of a multidisciplinary team at the hospital were the "Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of eating disorders" and the "Guía de práctica clínica sobre trastornos de la conducta alimentaria de Catalunya", the latter being finally chosen by consensus. There are not yet CPGs implemented for health professionals in the priority outpatient department of Colombian hospitals for eating disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Diagnosis , Outpatients , Psychiatry , Referral and Consultation , Colombia , Consensus , Hospitals, Psychiatric
15.
Hepatología ; 1(1): 68-76, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1396652

ABSTRACT

La medicina basada en la evidencia se fundamenta en la integración de la situación clínica del paciente, la experiencia del profesional o equipo a cargo, y la utilización de la mejor evidencia científica disponible, apoyada en la lectura crítica como pilar fundamental. Desde sus inicios, mucho se ha expuesto de sus ventajas, sus falencias y de cómo se adapta a la práctica clínica. Su implementación también ha hecho evidente la brecha que existe en la apreciación de artículos médicos y la interpretación de los resultados. Esta revisión narrativa busca exponer algunas consideraciones de la medicina basada en la evidencia y la importancia de la lectura crítica en el campo de la hepatología, y su utilidad en contexto del carcinoma hepatocelular.


Evidence-based medicine is built on the integration of the patient's clinical situation, the experience of the professional or team in charge, and the use of the best available scientific evidence, supported by critical reading, as a fundamental pillar. Since its inception, much has been discussed regarding its advantages, its shortcomings, and how it adapts to clinical practice. Its implementation has also made evident the gap that exists between the understanding of scientific articles and the interpretation of results. This narrative review seeks to expose some aspects of evidence-based medicine and the importance of critical reading in the field of hepatology, and its usefulness in the context of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reading , Evidence-Based Medicine , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Systematic Reviews as Topic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comprehensively analyze the diagnosis and treatment programs and prevention and treatment programs on tratidional Chinese medicine (TCM) for coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), and to provide suggestions for further development of TCM clinical guidelines. Method:Diagnosis and treatment programs on TCM for COVID-19 pneumonia, as well as prevention and treatment programs, clinical practice guidelines and expert consensus, were retrieved till Feb 19, 2020. The information about TCM syndrome differentiation, state of disease, and TCM treatments (decoction and Chinese patent medicines) were extracted and analyzed. Result:A total of 24 TCM programs/guidelines were included containing 23 diagnosis and treatment programs or prevention and treatment programs and one rapid advice guideline. Of the 23 TCM programs, 14 programs described the classification of TCM syndromes and the stages of disease,22 programs described the composition of the TCM decoction; seven programs described how to add and subtract the herbs according to different TCM syndromes,17 programs described the weight/volume of the herbs of TCM decoctions, three programs described the decoction method,six programs described the usage and dosage of TCM decoction, two programs clarified the course of treatment; none of the 23 programs indicated the source of evidence. The TCM treatment within the rapid advice guideline was in reference to the fourth edition of the COVID-19 pneumonia TCM diagnosis and treatment program issued by the National Health Commission. A total of 41 Chinese patent medicines were recommended in 23 programs, of which 12 Chinese patent medicines were off-label recommended. Conclusion:In most TCM programs, TCM decoction and Chinese patent medicines are recommended based on TCM syndrome differentiation in combination with the state of disease, and the dosage of the TCM decoctions are clearly described. Some Chinese patent medicines in the TCM programs are off-label recommended. Expert experience and opinions are valued when developing TCM programs/ guidelines. All of these provide reference for developing TCM programs/guidelines in future.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872894

ABSTRACT

At present, viral myocarditis is still an important problem to be solved in clinical practice. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has unique advantages in the treatment of this disease. However, there is still a lack of relevant clinical practice guidelines to standardize and guide the diagnosis and treatment of this disease by TCM. Within the framework of relevant laws, regulations and technical guidance documents, International Clinical Practice Guideline of Traditional Chinese Medicine·Viral Myocarditis was developed by consensus of experts through the classification of evidences and recommendation of opinions based on relevant clinical research evidences at home and abroad in recent years. This guideline introduces the diagnosis, etiology, pathogenesis, syndrome differentiation and treatment, acupuncture treatment, prevention and rehabilitation of viral myocarditis. And it will provide guidance for clinicians of TCM and integrated Chinese and western medicine engaged in the prevention and treatment of viral myocarditis.

18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200179, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136855

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Plasmodium vivax malaria represents a major public health problem. This study presents the quality assessment of clinical practice guidelines for the management of P. vivax malaria. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in PubMed, SciELO, and Google Scholar. Additionally, five guidelines were assessed with the AGREE (Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation) II protocol. RESULTS The general performance on the domains of stakeholder involvement, development rigor, and editorial independence was low. CONCLUSIONS: Most guidelines lack a solid research methodology, which implies ambiguous accuracy. Much needs to be done in the area of therapeutics and quality of policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Malaria, Vivax , Research Design , South America , Public Health , Data Collection
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849620

ABSTRACT

The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of a rapidly spreading illness, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), affecting more than seventeen million people around the world. Diagnosis and treatment guidelines for clinicians caring for patients are needed. In the early stage, we have issued "A rapid advice guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infected pneumonia (standard version)"; now there are many direct evidences emerged and may change some of previous recommendations and it is ripe for develop an evidence-based guideline. We formed a working group of clinical experts and methodologists. The steering group members proposed 29 questions that are relevant to the management of COVID-19 covering the following areas: chemoprophylaxis, diagnosis, treatments, and discharge management. We searched the literature for direct evidence on the management of COVID-19, and assessed its certainty generated recommendations using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Recommendations were either strong or weak, or in the form of ungraded consensus-based statement. Finally, we issued 34 statements. Among them, 6 were strong recommendations for, 14 were weak recommendations for, 3 were weak recommendations against and 11 were ungraded consensus-based statement. They covered topics of chemoprophylaxis [including agents and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) agents], diagnosis [including clinical manifestations, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), respiratory tract specimens, IgM and IgG antibody tests, chest computed tomography, chest X-ray, and CT features of asymptomatic infections], treatments [including lopinavir-ritonavir, umifenovir, favipiravir, interferon, remdesivir, combination of antiviral drugs, hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine, interleukin-6 inhibitors, interleukin-1 inhibitors, glucocorticoid, Qingfei Paidu decoction, Lianhua Qingwen granules/capsules, convalescent plasma, lung transplantation, invasive or noninvasive ventilation, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)], and discharge management (including discharge criteria and management plan in patients whose RT-PCR retesting shows SARS-CoV-2 positive after discharge). We also created two figures of these recommendations for the implementation purpose. We hope these recommendations can help support healthcare workers caring for COVID-19 patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905760

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate the quality of reporting of clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation.Methods A comprehensive retrieve was performed in electronic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang data, etc., from January 1, 2017 to January 11, 2020. Supplementary searches had been done on relevant websites. Two researchers reviewed literatures and assessed the reporting quality independently by using Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare (RIGHT), and any disagreements needed to be discussed in a consensus meeting.Results A total of 16 guidelines were included, with an average reporting rate of (44.8±27.9)%. Among the seven domains of RIGHT, basic information was reported the highest (57.3%), and evidence (31.3%) and other information (31.3%) was the lowest. The reporting rate was less as the guidelines published in China than in foreign contries (OR = 0.80, 95%CI 0.56-1.16), in original version than in update version (OR = 0.79, 95%CI 0.54-1.16); and higher as developed by various societies or associations than developed by non-societies or associations (OR = 1.15, 95%CI 0.82-1.61), however, no statistically significant difference was found in above comparisons.Conclusion Current clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation reported with low quality. It is proposed that future guideline developers should report guidelines after RIGHT statements, including key information and content, in order to improve the quality of reporting guidelines.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL