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1.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 45(1): 50-53, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420539

ABSTRACT

Objective: To test the efficacy of smartphone-assisted online brief cognitive behavioral therapy (b-CBT) to treat maternal depression compared to online brief CBT plus an active control app. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Assessments were performed at baseline (T0), midpoint (T1, week 4-5), post-treatment (T2, week 8), and follow-up (T3, 2-month postnatal follow-up) by blinded interviewers. The primary outcome was depression measured by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at T2. We also assessed anxiety, stress, sleep quality, well-being, physical activity, treatment response, and offspring child behavior problems. Results: Eighty-one participants were randomized to the intervention (n=37) or active control (n=44) groups. Seventy-one participants completed the post-treatment assessment or reported primary outcome data. No differences were found between the intervention and active control groups regarding maternal depression or other mental health outcomes. Overall, we found large within-group effect sizes, with 80% of the total sample responding to treatment. Conclusions: Our data showed no difference between the groups, suggesting that adding apps to psychotherapy treatment may not enhance treatment effects on prenatal depression. A within-groups analysis showed that most participants with depression responded to treatment; however, future studies are needed to confirm whether this effect is related to factors other than the intervention.

2.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 296-304, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015217

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To investigate the effect of 6-gingerol treatment on cognitive behavior after hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIE) in neonatal mice, and to explore the protective mechanism of 6-gingerol on HIE brain injury in neonatal mice by observing the effects on neuronal survival and neural stem cell proliferation. Methods The right common carotid artery was ligated in Kunming mice (78) on the 7th day after birth and HIE model was established after 90 minutes of hypoxic treatment. 6-gingerol was injected intraperitoneally. The cognitive behavior was detected by Morris water maze test; 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to observe the changes of brain injury; The changes of synaptic structure and number were obseved by transmission electron microscopy; HE staining, Nissl staining and dihydroethidium(DHE) staining were used to observe the pathomorphological changes of hippocampus in each group; The proliferation of neural stem cells and the expression of related transcription factors were detected by immunofluorescence and Real-time PCR; The changes of Akt signal pathway were detected by Western blotting. Results 6-gingerol treatment could improve the long-term learning and memory ability, reduce the brain injury and brain edema of neonatal mice after HIE, and improve synaptic plasticity of mice after HIE. In the 6-gingerol treatment group, the disorder of hippocampal cells in the diseased side of HIE was improved, the number of necrotic cells decreased, the proliferation ability of hippocampal neural stem cells and the expression levels of nestin and sex determining region box transcription factor 2 (Sox2) related transcription factors increased significantly, and the level of phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) increased. Conclusion It is found that 6-gingerol can improve the learning and memory ability of HIE mice in adulthood and reduce brain tissue injury after HIE. 6-gingerol may play a role in inhibiting the production of reactive oxygen species(ROS), reducing neuronal injury and upregulating the expression of Akt signal pathway, promoting the proliferation of hippocampal neural stem cells, so as to provide potential drugs for the treatment of neonatal HIE.

3.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 248-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986748

ABSTRACT

BackgroundInsomnia disorder has become a common disease in the current society. Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI) is one of the non-drug treatment methods for insomnia disorder, but relevant studies of its effect on sleep quality and cognitive function of patients with insomnia disorder are limited. ObjectiveTo explore the effects of CBTI on sleep quality and cognitive function in patients with insomnia disorder, so as to provide references for non-drug treatment of insomnia disorder. MethodsA total of 47 patients with insomnia disorder were recruited as the study subjects. They all met the diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) and have visited Sichuan Mental Health Center from January 2021 to October 2022. The patients underwent CBTI for 6 weeks. Before the treatment, depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed using Hamilton Depression Scale-24 item (HAMD-24) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA). Sleep status and cognitive function were assessed using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) before and 6 weeks after the treatment. Spearman correlation analysis was used to examine the correlation between the reduction of PSQI score and the increase of MoCA score after treatment. ResultsAfter the 6-week treatment, the factor scores and total score of PSQI across 6 subscales (the sleep quality, sleep onset time, sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep disorder and daytime dysfunction) were lower than those before the treatment, and the score differences were of statistical significance (t=5.569~15.290, P<0.01). Both factor and total scores of MoCA across 6 items (visuospatial and executive, naming, attention, language, abstraction and memory) were significantly higher than those before the treatment with score differences reaching statistical significance (t=-11.273~-4.277, P<0.01). Spearman correlation analysis demonstrated that there was a positive correlation between the decrease in PSQI total score and the increase in MoCA total score after the 6-week CBTI treatment (r=0.323, P=0.027). ConclusionCBTI may help improve sleep quality and cognitive function in patients with insomnia disorders. The improvement of sleep quality after CBTI intervention may be related to the improvement of cognitive function. [Funded by Scientific Research Project of Sichuan Provincial Health Commission (number, 19PJ216)]

4.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(9): 5142-5162, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510199

ABSTRACT

A Terapia Cognitiva Baseada em Mindfulness (MBCT, do inglês Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy) é uma técnica baseada na combinação da Terapia Cognitiva-Comportamental e da meditação mindfulness, na busca pela melhoria de sintomas psiquiátricos. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo a busca por publicações que discutam as implicações neurológicas de pacientes diagnosticados com transtorno depressivo e transtorno de ansiedade e que buscaram nessa técnica a melhoria de sua condição clínica ou qualidade de vida. Nossos resultados preliminares mostraram que os benefícios dessa prática foram colhidos na totalidade dos estudos encontrados, elucidando as áreas cerebrais modificadas e o motivo pelo qual elas foram ativadas. Procuramos abordar ainda a diferença entre essa técnica e o uso de medicamentos e tratamento usual. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Terapia Cognitiva-Comportamental; Cérebro; Transtornos Psiquiátricos; Antidepressivos.


Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a technique based on the combination of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and mindfulness meditation, in the search of improving psychiatric symptoms. This present work aims to search for studies and articles that discuss the neurological implications of patients diagnosed with anxiety and major depressive disorders who sought improvement in their clinical condition or life quality through this technique. The preliminary results showed that the benefits of this practice were observed in all of the studies found, elucidating the modified brain areas and the reason why they were activated. The differences between this technique and the use of medication and treatment-as-usual was also addressed.


La Terapia Cognitiva Basada en Mindfulness (MBCT) es una técnica basada en la combinación de la Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual y la meditación mindfulness, en la búsqueda de la mejora de los síntomas psiquiátricos. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo buscar publicaciones que discutan las implicaciones neurológicas de pacientes diagnosticados con trastorno depresivo y trastorno de ansiedad y que busquen en esta técnica mejorar su condición clínica o calidad de vida. Nuestros resultados preliminares mostraron que los beneficios de esta práctica se cosecharon en todos los estudios encontrados, dilucidando las áreas cerebrales modificadas y la razón por la cual se activaron. También tratamos de abordar la diferencia entre esta técnica y el uso de medicación y tratamiento habitual.

5.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 82-88, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931906

ABSTRACT

Insomnia symptom is one of the most common types of sleep disturbances.Apart from being a risk factor for psychiatric disorders, insomnia symptom has been found to affect the course of psychiatric disorders and increase the relapse rate of psychiatric disorders.Therefore, insomnia treatment is beneficial to mitigate the psychiatric symptoms among chronic insomnia patients, which may help prevent mental health disorders.On the other hand, insomnia treatment for psychiatric patients is conductive to reduce the harm consequence in social function, which can help improving the prognosis of psychiatric disorders.Cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is a first-line treatment for chronic insomnia.This paper reviews the research progress on the efficiency of CBT-I on the psychiatric symptoms of chronic insomnia patients, as well as its application in comorbid psychiatric conditions.Findings from previous research suggested that CBT-I is effective to improve the psychiatric symptoms of insomnia patients through insomnia improvement, and it can also promote the remission of depression and anxiety symptoms, reduce the risk of substance disorder and suicide behaviors, and reduce the impairment of life quality and costs of treatment through insomnia improvement among psychiatric patients comorbid with insomnia, which indicated that CBT-I is a safe and effective treatment for insomnia symptoms in psychiatric patients.Moreover, this paper listed the contraindications and the decision-to-treat algorithm of CBT-I among psychiatric patients, as well as the CBT-I availability and adherence that limited the clinical application.More understanding of CBT-I is beneficial to provide support for a broad clinical application in mental health services.

6.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 859-864, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956171

ABSTRACT

Cognitive behavior therapy(CBT) is one of the most widely used psychotherapy methods in the world.However, its origin in Western culture makes many researchers doubt whether it can be effectively applied to other cultural groups.The discussion on this issue is conducive to further adjusting CBT from an international perspective to better serve different cultural groups.This review focuses on the research progress of acculturation in CBT at home and abroad.Firstly, it discusses the necessity of acculturation and introduces the relevant major researchers in this field abroad, so as to explain how to carry out the work of acculturation.Then the effectiveness of current acculturation work is demonstrated, and the research progress of acculturation related to Chinese culture is introduced emphatically.In previous studies, most scholars supported the development of acculturation, and preliminary evidence has shown that CBT after acculturation has equal or even better effectiveness.Based on this, different researchers have put forward their own acculturation framework or adaptation suggestions.However, there are still many shortcomings in current research, which are mainly reflected in six aspects: few comparative studies, lack of unified framework, blank fields in some areas, shallow level of acculturation, unknown mechanism and lack of bottom-up research.Thus, this review is aimed to point out the urgency and necessity of CBT cultural adaptation in China, and put forward some suggestions and preliminary ideas for the further development of more culturally adaptable CBT in China, in order to better promote the application of CBT in China.

7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411974

ABSTRACT

La terapia cognitivo conductual (TCC), es el tratamiento de elección para el trastorno obsesivo compulsivo (TOC), principalmente la exposición con prevención de respuesta (EPR). En pacientes que presentan TOC co-ocurrente con trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) se cree que la TCC tendría un menor efecto debido al empobrecimiento de la comprensión de las propias emociones y de la rigidez cognitiva de estos pacientes. A través de la siguiente revisión se busca evaluar la efectividad de la TCC en pacientes que tengan TOC en asociación a TEA en niños, adolescentes y adultos. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de artículos, de los últimos 10 años, que abordasen la efectividad de la TCC en niños, adolescentes o adultos con TOC y TEA en conjunto. Resultados: A pesar de que no todos los estudios concuerdan en sus resultados, la mayoría de éstos, indican que hay efectividad en la TCC en disminuir la sintomatología del TOC en pacientes con TEA co-ocurrente tanto en niños como en adolescentes y adultos. Existen terapias de TCC con ciertas adaptaciones que mejorarían los resultados de estos pacientes al personalizar su tratamiento, por lo que se incentiva al mayor desarrollo de este tipo de terapias. Conclusión: Los estudios revisados respaldan que a pesar de la rigidez que presentan los pacientes con TEA co-ocurrente, la TCC es efectiva para tratar TOC en niños, adolescentes y adultos, especialmente al realizar adaptaciones de esta.


The treatment of choice for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), mainly exposure with response prevention (ERP). In patients with OCD co-occurring with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), it is believed that CBT should have a lesser effect due to the impoverishment of the understanding of their own emotions and the cognitive rigidity of these patients. The following review seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of CBT in patients who have OCD in association with ASD in children, adolescents and adults. Methods: A search was carried out for articles, from the last 10 years, that addressed the effectiveness of CBT in children, adolescents or adults with OCD and ASD together. Results: Although not all studies agree on their results, most of these indicate that CBT is effective in reducing OCD symptoms in patients with co-occurring ASD in children, adolescents and adults. There are CBT therapies with certain adaptations that would improve the results of these patients by personalizing their treatment, which is why the further development of this type of therapy is encouraged. Conclusion: The reviewed studies support that despite the rigidity that patients with co-occurring ASD present, CBT is effective to treat OCD in children, adolescents and adults, especially when making adaptations to it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy/methods , Autism Spectrum Disorder/therapy , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/therapy , Autism Spectrum Disorder/complications , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/complications
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 225-232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905853

ABSTRACT

Adequate sleep is an important factor to ensure the healthy functioning of the body. A type of chronic sleep diseases characterized by insufficient sleep can be collectively referred to as sleep deprivation (SD), which is divided into primary and secondary sources in terms of sources. As one of the most frequent types of diseases in recent years, SD has received more and more attention and attention from the whole society. SD can have a wide-ranging and far-reaching impact on cognitive behavior, such as decreased wakefulness, decreased alertness, and inattention, decreased sensory perception, decreased learning and memory capabilities, et al, involving the impact on multiple system functions of the human body, and It is closely related to the occurrence of many diseases, and may cause serious troubles to the normal life of patients and even their relatives and friends. The cognitive impairment caused by SD has been fully verified in clinical tests and various animal behavior experiments, mainly involving pathological damage such as changes in synaptic plasticity, enhanced endoplasmic reticulum stress, circadian rhythm disorders, and energy metabolism imbalance. Western medicine treatments for SD mostly have negative factors such as high side effect and strong addiction. However, Chinese medicine intervention focuses on the overall concept, has long-lasting effectiveness, significant effects, and mild side effects. It has also been widely recognized clinically for improving the complications of sleep disorders. This article reviews the current status and classification of SD research, its pathological mechanisms that lead to cognitive impairment and its molecular-level exploration directions and results. In recent 5 years, the therapeutic effect and experience of traditional Chinese medicine intervention therapy such as compound Chinese medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion as well as auxiliary therapy such as exercise and five sounds, in order to further summarize and clarify the interaction mechanism between SD and cognitive behavior, and provide a theoretical basis for the study of the pathological mechanism of SD disease and future clinical treatment.

9.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(6): 638-645, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132142

ABSTRACT

Anxiety disorders affect up to 50% of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and are significantly impairing to the person affected, as well as to their loved ones. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been established as the gold-standard treatment for anxiety disorders among typically developing youth and adults, and demonstrates similar efficacy among youth with high-functioning autism (HFA). Many CBT interventions utilize a "full-package" treatment approach to treat co-occurring anxiety in youth with ASD. However, these service delivery systems are often therapist-intensive, costly, and impractical, thereby compromising full engagement and treatment adherence. This paper describes the design, rationale, and methodology of a study examining stepped-care CBT for youth with HFA and co-occurring anxiety - a clinical trial examining the efficacy of low-intensity, parent-led CBT as the first line of treatment and utilizing a more intensive, therapist-led intervention for nonresponders. The study will evaluate the potential benefits of stepped-care and parent-led therapist-assisted interventions, predictors of treatment response, and the economic value of using a stepped-care model. Implications for practice will be discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Autistic Disorder , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Anxiety/therapy , Anxiety Disorders/therapy , Parents , Treatment Outcome , Cognition
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1668-1672, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880790

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of weight management combined with pharyngoplasty for treatment of obesity-related obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).@*METHODS@#Sixty obese patients with OSAHS were randomly assigned into the combined treatment group and control group (@*RESULTS@#After 6 months of treatment, the patients receiving the combined treatment showed significant reductions of BMI, neck circumference and waist circumference as compared with the measurements before treatment and with those in the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Weight management combined with uvulopalatopharyngoplasty can produce a good clinical efficacy for treatment of OSAHS with obesity, and the patients should have strengthened continuous family weight management while receiving surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Mass Index , Obesity/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Waist Circumference
11.
Psicol. teor. prát ; 21(3): 345-365, sept.-Dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040913

ABSTRACT

In Brazil, little is known about the maintenance of results after treatment of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for major depressive disorder (MDD). The objective of this study was to verify the effectiveness of individual psychotherapeutic treatment from CBT for depressive symptoms within 6 and 12 months after the intervention. We evaluated 94 participants with MDD from the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). There was significant posttreatment response (p < 0.001), with no difference between the end of the treatment and the symptom assessment at 6 (p = 0.486) and 12 months (p = 0.098). A significant positive correlation was observed between the intensity of depressive symptoms at the baseline and the reduction of initial symptoms for 12-month follow-up (r = 0.49; p < 0.001). CBT significantly reduces depressive symptoms by maintaining this condition up to 12 months post-intervention without significant influence of other characteristics beyond the intensity of depressive symptoms at the beginning of the therapeutic process.


No Brasil, pouco se sabe sobre a manutenção dos resultados pós-tratamento da terapia cognitivo-comportamental (TCC) para o transtorno depressivo maior (TDM). Objetivou-se verificar a efetividade do tratamento psicoterápico individual a partir da TCC para os sintomas depressivos em um período de 6 e 12 meses pós-intervenção. Avaliaram-se 94 participantes com TDM a partir do Inventário Beck de Depressão (BDI-II). Houve resposta significativa pós-tratamento (p < 0,001), não ocorrendo diferenças entre o final do tratamento e a avaliação dos sintomas aos 6 (p = 0,486) e 12 meses (p = 0,098). Uma correlação positiva significativa foi observada entre a intensidade dos sintomas depressivos no baseline e a redução de sintomas iniciais para o acompanhamento de 12 meses (r = 0,49; p < 0,001). A TCC reduz significativamente os sintomas depressivos mantendo essa condição até 12 meses pós-intervenção sem influência significativa de outras características além da intensidade dos sintomas depressivos no início do processo terapêutico.


Este estudio verificó la efectividad del tratamiento psicoterápico individual a partir de la terapia cognitiva conductual (TCC) para los síntomas depresivos dentro de los 6 y 12 meses post-intervención. Se evaluaron 94 participantes con TDM a partir del Inventario Beck de depresión (BDI-II). Se observó una respuesta significativa post-tratamiento (p < 0,001), no ocurrieron diferencias entre el final del tratamiento y la evaluación de los síntomas a los 6 (p = 0,486) y 12 meses (p = 0,098). Había una correlación positiva significativa entre la intensidad de los síntomas depresivos en el baseline y la reducción de los síntomas iniciales para el seguimiento de 12 meses (r = 0,49; p < 0,001). La TCC reduce significativamente los síntomas depresivos manteniendo esa condición hasta 12 meses después de la intervención sin influencia significativa de otras características además de la intensidad de los síntomas depresivos al inicio del proceso terapéutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
12.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 548-552, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754158

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of group cognitive behavior intervention on self-rated health of middle school students with emotional disorders. Methods From January 2018 to June 2018,79 middle school students with emotional disorders were randomly divided into intervention group ( 41 cases) and control group (38 cases) according to the single or double number of medical records. The control group only received drug treatment,while the intervention group received group cognitive behavior intervention on the basis of drug treatment. All the students in the two groups completed the self-rated health measurement scale before intervention (T0),after intervention (T1) and 8 weeks after intervention (T2). Results (1) There were no significant differences in total health score and dimension score between the two groups before intervention (both P<0. 05). (2)The repeated measurement variance analysis showed that there was a signif-icant group × time interaction effect on total health score and dimensions(P>0. 05). (3) The group effect of physical health was not significant (P>0. 05). The group effect of total mental health, social health and health score at T1 and T2 time points were significant (all P>0. 05). (4)Compared with before intervention, mental health ((123. 34±9. 33),( 122. 63± 9. 11)),social health ((102. 89 ± 7. 28),( 101. 89± 7. 73)) and total health score ((370. 34±17. 99),(367. 63±17. 89)) of intervention group at T1 and T2 increased ( all P<0. 05),while that of control group increased only at T1 (all P<0. 05). Conclusion Group cognitive behavioral intervention has no obvious effect on physical health of middle school students with emotional dis-orders. And group cognitive behavioral intervention can effectively improve their mental health,social health and overall health level,and the long-term effect is better.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1070-1074, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of group occupational training based on cognitive behavior on patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment. Methods:From May, 2018 to March, 2019, 56 patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment were randomly divided into control group (n = 29) and experimental group (n = 27). Both groups received routine rehabilitation, and the experimental group received group occupational therapy, three times a week, for twelve times. They were assessed with Montreal Cognition Assessment (MoCA), modified Barthel Index (MBI) and the Short Form of Health Survey (SF-36) before and after intervention. Results:The scores of MoCA, MBI and SF-36 increased in both groups after intervention (t > 2.275, P < 0.05), and their difference before and after intervention was more in the experimental group than in the control group (t > 2.835, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Group occupational training can improve the cognitive function of patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment and improve their activities of daily living and quality of life.

14.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 1102-1107, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800501

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) combined with mirtazapine for patients with functional dyspepsia (FD).@*Methods@#Totally 121 patients with FD who met Rome Ⅳ diagnostic criteria in clinic of clinical psychiatry of a general hospital were collected.They were randomly divided into combined treatment group(n=61) and single drug group(n=60). The treatment period was 8 weeks.All patients with FD were given mirtazapine.The combined treatment group received 8 times systemic CBT treatments at the same time.Symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) and gastrointestinal integral scale (GIS) were evaluated in all patients before and after 8-week intervention.@*Results@#After 8 weeks of intervention, the total score of SCL-90 scale, somatization, compulsion, depression, paranoia and other factors in the combined treatment group were lower than those in the single group(130.26±36.18 vs 147.95±45.55, 1.34±0.44 vs 1.51±0.5, 1.66±0.50 vs 1.90±0.66, 1.47±0.52 vs 1.69±0.63, 1.48±0.49 vs 1.70±0.61, 1.47±0.50 vs 1.73±0.68, respectively)(all P<0.05). After 8 weeks of intervention, the total score of the GIS scale in the combined treatment group (6.77±5.05 vs 9.49±5.24), vomiting (0.57±0.77 vs 0.88±0.91), spastic upper abdominal pain (0.43±0.74 vs 0.90±1.08) and post-sternal discomfort (0.57±0.89 vs 1.05±1.19) were significantly lower than that of the simple drug group after intervention(6.77±5.05 vs 9.49±5.24, 0.57±0.77 vs 0.88 ±0.91, 0.43±0.74 vs 0.90±1.08 and 0.57±0.89 vs 1.05±1.19, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#CBT combined with mirtazapine in the treatment of FD is superior to drug therapy alone.CBT combined with mirtazapine can improve the emotional problems in the treatment of FD and further improving the digestive function.

15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2725-2730, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823758

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy combined with family rehabilitation therapy on improving depression patients. Methods Totally 82 depressive patients admitted to our hospital from February 2016 to January 2017 were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group according to the random number table method, with 41 cases in each group. Patients in the control group were treated with family rehabilitation therapy, while the patients in the observation group were treated with cognitive behavioral therapy on the basis of family rehabilitation therapy. After 12 months of intervention, the patients in the observation group were treated with cognitive behavioral therapy. The treatment efficiency, psychological status, coping style and medication compliance of the two groups were compared. Results After intervention the scores of Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) in the observation group were (31.08±4.83), (14.14±3.52) points respectively, which were significantly lower than (36.97±2.73), (16.68 ±2.14) points of the control group (t=-6.789,-3.948, P<0.01). The effective rate of the observation group was 97.56% (40/41), which was significantly higher than 70.05% (32/41) of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=5.581, P<0.05). The scores of "problem solving" and "help seeking" items in the observation group were (1.66±0.18) and (1.81±0.21) respectively, significantly higher than (1.39±0.11), (1.48±0.13) of the control group; "avoidance" and "self-blame" items were (1.33±0.12) and (1.47±0.14) respectively, significantly lower than (1.58±0.19), (1.48±0.13) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (t=-8.349-8.555, P < 0.05). After treatment, the compliance of the observation group was significantly better than that of the control group ( χ2 = 8.902, P < 0.05). Conclusion Cognitive behavioral therapy combined with family rehabilitation therapy for depression patients can effectively improve the bad mood of patients, improve their medication compliance, and achieve better clinical treatment results.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2-6, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733439

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of nutrition cognition and behavior intervention of family caregivers on nutritional status of gastric cancer patients during chemotherapy. Methods We selected 100 patients who received complete chemotherapy at the Department of gastrointestinal surgery from September 2015 to February 2017.Each patient selected 1 family caregiver.It was divided into the control group and the intervention group by the draw method.The control group carried out routine nursing measures.The intervention group carried out nutritional cognitive behavior intervention.The effects of cognitive behavior intervention were investigated by observing the scores of PG-SGA,albumin, prealbumin in gastric cancer patients and the scores of nutrition knowledge,attitude and practice in family caregivers. Results The scores of nutrition knowledge, attitude and practice of the control group and the intervention group were respectively 44.17 ± 9.35 and 46.50 ± 9.32, and the difference was statistically significant(t=15.02, P<0.05).There was significant difference in PG-SGA score, hemoglobin and BMI in patients with gastric cancer patients (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of malnutrition and prealbumin in patients with gastric cancer patients (P>0.05). Conclusion Nutrition cognition and behavior intervention can effectively improve the nutritional cognition of family caregivers, improve the nutritional status of gastric cancer patients during chemotherapy, and promote the rehabilitation of patients with gastric cancer and improve their quality of life.

17.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 37-49, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741920

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Internet-delivered psychological treatments have been suggested as a chance to expand the access to professional help. However, little is known about the usefulness of different support formats and approaches of digital treatments for panic disorder among clinicians. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review aimed to explore the recent evidence base on the efficacy and acceptability of different internet-delivered treatments for adults with panic disorder. METHODS: A systematic search in electronic databases (Pubmed/Medline, PSYNDEX) and a hand search were performed to identify articles on randomized controlled trials published within the past five years (2012/12/10–2017/12/12) in English peer-reviewed journals. RESULTS: Eight studies (1,013 participants) involving 10 interventions met the inclusion criteria. Nine interventions were primarly based on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy principles. Most interventions were effective, when compared to a control condition (6 of 8 comparisons). Minimal guidance was associated with improved outcomes in one study and adherence in two studies (3 comparisons). Furthermore, no differences were found based on treatment approach (2 comparisons). Regarding acceptability, the attrition rates were moderate to high, ranging from 9.8% to 42.1% of randomized participants. Adherence rates also varied largely (7.8–75%), whereas participant satisfaction of program completers was assessed overall high (5 studies). CONCLUSION: Diverse effective internet-delivered treatments are available for the self-management of panic symptoms. Especially selfguided and transdiagnostic Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approaches appear being efficient options for the dissemination in routine care. However, due to the limited evidence base, further efforts are required to improve the actual uptake of internet-delivered treatments and identify moderators of outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Anxiety Disorders , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Hand , Internet , Panic Disorder , Panic , Self Care , Telemedicine
18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2725-2730, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803582

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy combined with family rehabilitation therapy on improving depression patients.@*Methods@#Totally 82 depressive patients admitted to our hospital from February 2016 to January 2017 were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group according to the random number table method, with 41 cases in each group. Patients in the control group were treated with family rehabilitation therapy, while the patients in the observation group were treated with cognitive behavioral therapy on the basis of family rehabilitation therapy. After 12 months of intervention, the patients in the observation group were treated with cognitive behavioral therapy. The treatment efficiency, psychological status, coping style and medication compliance of the two groups were compared.@*Results@#After intervention the scores of Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) in the observation group were (31.08±4.83), (14.14±3.52) points respectively, which were significantly lower than (36.97±2.73), (16.68 ±2.14) points of the control group (t=-6.789,-3.948, P < 0.01). The effective rate of the observation group was 97.56% (40/41), which was significantly higher than 70.05% (32/41) of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=5.581, P<0.05). The scores of "problem solving" and "help seeking" items in the observation group were (1.66±0.18) and (1.81±0.21) respectively, significantly higher than (1.39±0.11), (1.48±0.13) of the control group; "avoidance" and "self-blame" items were (1.33±0.12) and (1.47±0.14) respectively, significantly lower than (1.58±0.19), (1.48±0.13) in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (t=-8.349-8.555, P < 0.05). After treatment, the compliance of the observation group was significantly better than that of the control group (χ2= 8.902, P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#Cognitive behavioral therapy combined with family rehabilitation therapy for depression patients can effectively improve the bad mood of patients, improve their medication compliance, and achieve better clinical treatment results.

19.
Psicol. pesq ; 12(3): 33-43, set.-dez. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-984839

ABSTRACT

As atuais dificuldades enfrentadas pelos pais na educação dos filhos os levam cada vez mais a buscar ajuda especializada. O Programa de Orientação de Pais da USP-RP (PROPAIS), fundamentado na Terapia Cognitivo Comportamental, objetiva promover a melhoria no convívio familiar. Os pais participantes do programa têm seus filhos atendidos por estagiários da Terapia Cognitivo Comportamental, e a orientação de pais é complementar ao tratamento da criança. O objetivo do estudo é avaliar de forma preliminar os efeitos destas intervenções, com um delineamento quantitativo de pré e pós-teste, baseando-se nos escores do Inventário de Estilos Parentais (IEP) de uma amostra de 17 pais, identificando se houve diferenças entre pré e pós-teste no que tange ao estilo parental. As análises indicaram diferença significativa entre os testes, sendo que os pais, no geral, conseguiram melhorar seu estilo parental e apresentar diminuição nas práticas parentais negativas e, embora sejam necessários estudos com amostras ampliadas, os resultados sugerem que o programa tem atingido o seu propósito.


The current difficulties faced by parents in raising their children lead them to seek more specialized help. The USP-RP Parent Guidance Program (PROPAIS), based on Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, aims to promote the improvement of family life. Parents participating in the program have their children attended by trainees of Behavioral Cognitive Therapy I, and parental guidance is complementary to the child’s treatment. The objective of the study is to preliminarily evaluate the effects of these interventions, with a quantitative pre and post test design, based on the scores of the Parenting Styles Inventory (IEP) of 17 participants, identifying if there were differences between pre and post test regarding parental style. The analyzes indicated a significant difference between the tests, being that parents, in general, were able to improve their parental style and present a decrease in negative parental practices and, although studies with enlarged samples are required, the results suggest that the program has achieved its purpose.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-195332

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cough is the most common presenting symptom in pediatric primary care settings. Coughcan impact a child's activity level and ability to sleep, play or attend school and is often a source ofparental anxiety. However, an etiology of cough is not always easily identified even after a thoroughsystematic investigation and psychological and neurological conditions are in the differential diagnosis.Psychogenic cough is diagnosed in cases without a clear pulmonary or extrapulmonary etiology in thepresence of some suggestive clinical characteristics and/or an association with psychological issue.Psychogenic cough has been reported to be the second most common cause of chronic cough in children ofage 6-16 years.Methodology: The present paper highlights four case reports of children who presented with symptoms ofpsychogenic cough in the OPD of CNBC hospital, Delhi.The presenting nature of the symptoms alongwith the underlying psychological factors have been discussed. Cognitive Behavioural techniques likedistraction and cognitive restructuring interventions with the children along with family interventions wereused.Conclusions: All the children showed significant improvement at the end of therapy. Three month followup showed that the results were maintained. Cognitive Behavioural approaches are found to be effective inmanaging psychogenic cough and the present paper highlights the process of cognitive behaviouralmanagement of psychogenic cough in children.Key words: cognitive behavior therapy, cough,

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