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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1313-1319, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924354

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the regulatory mechanism of compatibility of ginseng and gecko dispensing granule on kidney yang deficiency model rats. METHODS Male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (no modeling ,no administration),model group (modeling,no administration ),Jinkui shenqi pill group (modeling,dose of 2.33 g/kg),ginseng group(modeling,dose of 0.53 g/kg),gecko group (modeling,dose of 0.21 g/kg)and compatibility group (modeling,ginseng 0.53 g/kg and gecko 0.21 g/kg). The body mass and anal temperature of rats were measured at different time points ;the serum levels of cAMP ,cGMP,CRH,ACTH,CORT,T,T3,T4,E2,IgG and IgM were measured ;the pathomorphological changes of adrenal gland ,thyroid gland and testis were observed ;mRNA expression of CRH ,thyroid stimulating hormone releasing hormone (TRH)and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH)in hypothalamus were detected. RESULTS Compared with model group ,the anal temperature ,the levels of cAMP ,CRH,ACTH,CORT,T3,T and cAMP/cGMP ,T/E2 in serum and mRNA expressions of TRH and GnRH in hypothalamus were significantly increased in the compatibility group (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the levels of cGMP,E2 and IgG in serum and mRNA expression of CRH in hypothalamus decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the pathological injuries of adrenal gland ,thyroid gland and testis were all improved. Compared with ginseng or gecko dispensing granules alone ,the anal temperature and T/E 2 of rats in the compatibility group increased significantly ,and mRNA expression of CRH in hypothalamus decreasedsignificantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Thecompatibility of ginseng and gecko dispensing granule has a synergistic regulatory effect on kidney yang deficiency model rats , the mechanism of which may be associated with hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis , hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis , hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad axis and neuroendocrine immune network formed by immune function. Compatible drugs are better than single drugs.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1088-1093, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effects of the compatibility of Schisandra chinensis on Psoralea corylifolia -induced oxidative damage and endoplasmic reticulum stress in L 02 hepatocytes,and to provide reference for clinical use of the compatibility attenuation of P. corylifolia -S. chinensis . METHODS L02 cells were divided into blank control group ,P. corylifolia model group (1 200 μg/mL P. corylifolia ,calculated by crude drug ),P. corylifolia -S. chinensis low-dose,medium-dose and high-dose groups (1 200 μg/mL P. corylifolia combined with 600,1 200,2 400 μg/mL S. chinensis ,respectively,calculated by crude drug ). After the cells in each group were cultured in culture medium or drug solution for 48 hours,the levels of aspartate aminotransferase(AST)and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)were detected ;the levels of glutathione (GSH),superoxide dismutase (SOD)and malondialdehyde (MDA)in cell culture medium were detected ;reactive oxygen species (ROS)level and mitochondrial membrane potential in cells were detected ;mRNA and protein expressions of glucose-regulated protein 78(GRP-78)and protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK)were detected. RESULTS Compared with blank control group ,the levels of AST,ALT,MDA and ROS ,mRNA and protein expressions of GRP- 78 and PERK were increased significantly in P. corylifolia model group (P<0.05 or P<0.01);while GSH and SOD levels ,mitochondrial membrane potential were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with P. corylifolia model group ,above indexes of P. corylifolia -S. chinensis low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups were all improved significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS The compatibility of P. corylifolia -S. chinensis can alleviate P. corylifolia -induced oxidative damage and endoplasmic reticulum stress of L 02 cells.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928137

ABSTRACT

Toxicity-attenuating compatibility is an effective measure to ensure the safety of Chinese medicine. Involving the origin, processing method, compatibility mode, and dosage, it faces multiple challenges, such as the uncertainty of toxic substances, toxicity latency, indefinite safe dose, complex toxicity-efficacy relationship, and individual difference. As a result, research on clinical safety of Chinese medicine is limited by the consistency at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, unclear interaction of multiple medicinals and multiple substances, the "toxicity-efficacy-compatibility-syndrome" correlation, and the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law. Therefore, following the principle of "starting from the clinical practice, verifying via the theoretical basis, and finally applying in clinical practice", we verified the toxicity at "molecular-cellular-organ-overall" levels, revealed the interaction of multiple medicinals and substances, collected evidence at multiple levels, clarified the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" relationship, and tested the consistency between basic and clinical biomarkers. On this basis, we studied the toxicity-alleviating and efficacy-enhancing(preserving) compatibility characteristics, the fate of one medicinal and multiple medicinals in vivo, the molecular mechanism of toxicity, the "dosage-time-toxicity-efficacy" conversion law, and the clinical characteristics of toxic traditional Chinese medicine based on disease and syndrome. The three mechanisms of toxicity-attenuating compatibility reflect the seven-reaction theory in Chinese medicine compatibility. Finally, the strategies for safe use of Chinese medicine were proposed.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928092

ABSTRACT

Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta is one of the most commonly used medicinal materials in Mongolian medicine. Due to the strong toxicity of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta, Mongolian medicine often uses Chebulae Fructus, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma to reduce the toxicity, so as to ensure the curative effect of Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta while ensuring its clinical curative effect, but the mechanism is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Chebulae Fructus, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma and Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta on the mRNA transcription and protein translation of cytochrome P450(CYP450) in the liver of normal rats. Male SD rats were randomly divided into negative control(NC) group, phenobarbital(PB) group(0.08 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), Chebulae Fructus group(0.254 2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma group(0.254 2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta group(0.254 2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1))and compatibility group(0.254 2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1),taking Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta as the standard). After continuous administration for 8 days, the activities of total bile acid(TBA), alkaline phosphatase(ALP), amino-transferase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST)in serum were detected, the pathological changes of liver tissue were observed, and the mRNA and protein expression levels of CYP1 A2, CYP2 C11 and CYP3 A1 were observed. Compared with the NC group, the serum ALP, ALT and AST activities in the Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta group were significantly increased, and the ALP, ALT and AST activities were decreased after compatibility. At the same time, compatibility could reduce the liver injury caused by Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta. The results showed that Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta could inhibit the expression of CYP1 A2, CYP2 C11 and CYP3 A1, and could up-regulate the expression of CYP1 A2, CYP2 C11 and CYP3 A1 when combined with Chebulae Fructus and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. The level of translation was consistent with that of transcription. The compatibility of Chebulae Fructus and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma with Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix Cocta could up-regulate the expression of CYP450 enzyme, reduce the accumulation time of aconitine in vivo, and play a role in reducing toxicity, and this effect may start from gene transcription.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhiza , Liver , Male , Plant Extracts , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Terminalia
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928067

ABSTRACT

Baimai is a complex of structure and function with the characteristics of wide distribution, complex structure, and multi-dimensional functions. Baimai, consisting of the channels in brain, the internal hidden channels connecting the viscera, and the external channels linking the limbs, governs the sensory, motor, and information transmission functions of human. According to Tibetan medicine, Baimai functions via "Long"(Qi) which moves in Baimai. "Long" is rough, light, cold, tiny, hard, and dynamic. The dysfunction of Baimai is manifested as numbness, swelling and pain, stiffness, atrophy, contracture, disability, hyperactivity, etc. The clinical manifestations of Baimai disease are facial paralysis, limb numbness, hemiplegia, contracture and rigidity, pain, opistho-tonos, paralysis, unconsciousness, head tremor, aphasia and tongue stiffness, and other abnormalities in facial consciousness, limb movement, and tactile sensation. Baimai Ointment for external use is used for the treatment of Baimai disease. It is mainly composed of medicinals which are spicy and bitter, warm, soft, mild, heavy, moist, and stable, and thus it is effective for the rough, light, cold, tiny, hard, and dynamic "Long" of Baimai disease. In clinical practice, it is mainly used for musculoskeletal diseases, such as osteoarthritis, scapulohumeral periarthritis, cervical spondylosis, low back pain, myofascitis, and tenosynovitis, nervous system diseases, such as paralysis and shoulder-hand syndrome, and limb stiffness caused by stroke, spastic cerebral palsy, trigeminal neuralgia, and facial neuritis, and limb motor and sensory dysfunction caused by trauma. According to the main symptoms of Baimai disease such as stiffness, rigidity, contraction, numbness, sensory disturbance and pain, clinicians should apply the Baimai Ointment via the inunction treatment of Tibetan medicine and in combination with Huo'ermai therapy and physiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Edema , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Pain
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928035

ABSTRACT

The discovery and identification of effective components are pivotal in the research on Chinese medicinal prescriptions. Given two basic conditions for effective components in Chinese medicinal prescriptions, i.e., active structure and a certain level of drug exposure in the body(including the intestine), a "six-step strategy" for the effective compounds in Chinese medicinal prescriptions based on in vitro-in vivo integration(SSS for short) has been proposed and established, as well as the key technologies. SSS contains qualitative and quantitative analyses of components in five steps, including those in Chinese medicinal extract, intestinal contents, portal vein blood, liver, and peripheral blood. The components(prototype components and metabolites) with a certain exposure level(including in the intestine) and those with large differences between in vitro content and in vivo exposure or in exposure among various parts in the body are selected as the minority prioritized candidates. The sixth step is to screen the pharmacological activity of candidate components specifically extracted from Chinese medicinal materials or artificially synthesized. SSS can significantly narrow the screening range, enhance the hit rate, and speed up the identification of effective components specifically targeting indications. Based on the effective components identified by the SSS, the "upstream" can be linked(mechanism research based on the effective components with clear structures) and the "downstream" can be combined(development of innovative component-based Chinese medicine with definite pharmacodynamic composition). In this study, the concept of component-based Chinese medicine and specific applications of SSS in the development of component-based Chinese medicine are also introduced.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927408

ABSTRACT

Based on the data mining technology, the main indications and compatibility rules of Ciliao (BL 32) were analyzed and summarized. The relevant literature was retrieved from the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Cochrane Library, SinoMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMbase and PubMed, from the date of establishment to September 8, 2021. Using the software of SPSS Modeler 18.0 and Gephi0.9.2, the included literature was analyzed by data mining. A total of 218 articles were included, of them, there were 36 articles using single-acupoint prescriptions and 182 articles using compound prescriptions. Acupuncture was the most frequently used intervention of Ciliao (BL 32), followed by electroacupuncture. Dysmenorrhea and labor analgesia were the dominant indications of single-acupoint prescriptions of Ciliao (BL 32), and 9 diseases i.e. dysmenorrhea, urinary incontinence, urinary retention, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic prostatitis and lumbar disc herniation were the dominant indications of compound prescriptions. The main indications of Ciliao (BL 32) involved diseases of reproductive system, urinary system and waist. There were 92 acupoints in compatibility with Ciliao (BL 32), which were main belonged to the bladder meridian, the conception vessel and the spleen meridian, the most frequently used acupoints were Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Shenshu (BL 23) and Zhongji (CV 3).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Humans , Male , Meridians
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of thumb-tack needles based on "Biaoben acupoint compatibility" on sequela symptoms, mental state and pulmonary ventilation function in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during recovery period.@*METHODS@#Fifty cases of COVID-19 during recovery period were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 25 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with thumb-tack needles at Guanyuan (CV 4), Zusanli (ST 36) and Taiyuan (LU 9). The patients in the control group were treated with sham thumb-tack needles at identical acupoints as the observation group. The treatment in the two groups was given once a day, 7-day treatment was taken as a course of treatment, and totally two courses of treatment were given. The TCM symptom score, Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) score, Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score, pulmonary function (forced vital capacity [FVC], forced expiratory volume in the first second [FEV1], peak expiratory flow [PEF]), the severity of pulmonary ventilation dysfunction and pulmonary imaging changes in the two groups were compared before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total scores and each item scores of TCM symptom scale, HAMA scores and HAMD scores in the two groups were reduced after treatment (P<0.05). Except for the symptom scores of dry throat and dry stool, the total score and each item score of TCM symptom scale, HAMA score and HAMD score in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, FVC, FEV1 and PEF in the two groups were increased after treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The severity of pulmonary ventilation dysfunction in the two groups was reduced after treatment (P<0.05), and the severity in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the lung shadow area in the two groups was decreased (P<0.05), and that in the observation group was smaller than the control group (P<0.05). The improvement of imaging change in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The thumb-tack needles based on "Biaoben acupoint compatibility" could significantly reduce the sequela symptoms, anxiety and depression in patients with COVID-19 during recovery stage, and improve the pulmonary ventilation function.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/therapy , Depression/etiology , Humans , Needles , Respiratory Function Tests , Thumb
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927342

ABSTRACT

Acupoint-symptom relationship in CHENG Dan-an's Note About Treatise on Cold-Attack was analyzed based on complex network, acupoint names and indications were extracted from the book, which provided ideas and methods for promoting the modernization of acupuncture and moxibustion by using complex network technology. A total of 112 acupoints in 201 acupuncture prescriptions were included, and the total frequency of acupoints was 880 times, forming 42 034 acupoint pairs. In terms of network indexes, compared with the complex network of comprehensive acupuncture books, such as Meridian and Acupoint Science, Zhenjiu Dacheng, Acupuncture A and B Meridians formed based on the same mathematical method, the complex network model for CHENG Dan-an's Note About Treatise on Cold-Attack shows more typical small world effect, which is characterized by higher network density (6.762) and shorter average path length (1.064). This phenomenon may be related to the tongue and pulse which added the link between acupoints. For the node indexes, the analysis of topological indexes such as Page Rank shows that acupoints represented by Dazhui (GV 14) has higher compatibility value in the treatment of exogenous diseases, which further demonstrates the clinical value of eigenvector centrality in guiding intelligent compatibility of points.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Moxibustion
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on anxiety and depression in patients with insomnia, and to explore the mechanism of its compatibility effect.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients of insomnia were randomly divided into a combination group, a Shenmen group and a Sanyinjiao group, 30 cases in each group. In addition, 37 cases with anxiety (12 cases in the combination group, 13 cases in the Shenmen group and 12 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) and 42 cases with depression (14 cases in the combination group, 14 cases in the Shenmen group and 14 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) were identified. The patients in the combination group, Shenmen group and Sanyinjiao group were treated with EA (dilatational wave, frequency of 5 Hz/25 Hz) at Shenmen (HT 7)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), respectively, 30 min each treatment, once a day. The consecutive 5 days of treatments were taken as a course of treatment, and 2 courses of treatment were given. The insomnia severity index (ISI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) scores were evaluated before and after treatment, and the serum contents of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) were measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS and SDS scores in the three groups were all decreased after treatment (P<0.05), and the ISI score in the combination group was lower than that in the Shenmen group (P<0.05). Among the patients with anxiety, compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the SAS score and serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group as well as the ISI score in the combination group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05). Among the patients with depression, compared before treatment, the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of NE in the combination group as well as SDS score in the Shenmen group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) has advantages over EA at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on improving insomnia, anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) plays a major role in improving anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) may play a compatibility effect of regulating consciousness and sleeping by reducing the level of serum NE.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/therapy , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
11.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(1): 27-36, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153332

ABSTRACT

Abstract The use of more than one control technique can maximize the reduction of the damages caused by the fungus Asperisporium caricae causal agent of the black spot in the papaya crop. The objective of this work was to evaluate the sensitivity of the fungi Hansfordia pulvinata and Acremonium spp. to alternative products with potential for use in the control of the black-spotted ptarmigan. Three isolates of Acremonium spp. (A-598, A-602 and A-617) and an isolate of H. pulvinata (H-611) were grown in BDA medium containing Agro-Mos®, Bion®, Ecolife®, Hortifospk®, Matriz G®, Vitaphol® separately. The Amistar 500WG ® fungicide was used as a positive control and pure BDA as a negative control. The toxicity of the tested products was determined based on the values of the biological index, derived from the means of mycelial growth, sporulation and germination of conidia, in each experimental unit. In this way it was possible to select the products classified as compatible for all isolates, and to test them in vivo. In the greenhouse, only the isolates and isolates with selected products, were applied in papaya plants with foliar symptoms of black-spotted. The incidence of leaves with hyperparasites and the percentage of black-painted lesions colonized by the tested isolates were evaluated. Thus, the H-611 isolate proved to be compatible with most of the alternative products tested, except with Hortifos®. Bion® and Matrix® products were compatible with all tested isolates and could be used in conjunction with Acremonium spp. and H. pulvinata to control the papaya black spot, since these products did not present toxicity on the hyperparasitic fungi.


Resumo O uso de mais de uma técnica de controle pode maximizar a redução dos danos causados pelo fungo Asperisporium caricae agente causal da pinta preta na cultura do mamoeiro. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a sensibilidade dos fungos Hansfordia pulvinata e Acremonium spp. a produtos alternativos com potencial para uso no controle da pinta-preta. Três isolados de Acremonium spp. (A-598, A-602 e A-617) e um isolado de H. pulvinata (H-611) foram cultivados em meio BDA contendo Agro-Mos®, Bion®, Ecolife®, Hortifospk®, Matriz G®, Vitaphol® separadamente. Fungicida Amistar 500WG® foi utilizado como controle positivo e BDA puro, como controle negativo. A toxicidade dos produtos testados foi determinada com base nos valores do índice biológico, provenientes das médias do crescimento micelial, esporulação e germinação de conídios, em cada unidade experimental. Dessa forma foi possível selecionar os produtos classificados como compatíveis para todos os isolados, e testá-los in vivo. Em casa de vegetação, somente os isolados e os isolados com produtos selecionados, foram aplicados em plantas de mamoeiro com sintomas foliares de pinta-preta. Avaliaram-se a incidência de folhas com hiperparasitas e a porcentagem de lesões de pinta-preta colonizadas pelos isolados testados. Assim o isolado H-611 mostrou-se compatível com a maioria dos produtos alternativos testados, exceto com Hortifos®. Os produtos Bion® e Matriz® apresentaram compatibilidade com todos os isolados testados, podendo ser utilizados em conjunto com o Acremonium spp. e H. pulvinata para controlar a pinta-preta do mamoeiro, uma vez que estes produtos não apresentaram toxidade sobre os fungos hiperparasitas.


Subject(s)
Carica , Plant Diseases , Ascomycota
12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1230-1235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the compatibility stability of Calcium gluconate injection with different solvents within 24 h,and to provide reference for clinical drug use. METHODS :10% Calcium gluconate injection was mixed with 0.9% Sodium chloride injection and 5% Glucose injection in the proportion of 10∶100,30∶100 and 50∶100(v/v)as trial group ,and mixed with 10% Glucose injection in the same proportion as control group. The water was mixed with 0.9% Sodium chloride injection ,5% Glucose injection and 10% Glucose injection in the same proportion as the blank control group. The appearance of the infusion in the trial group and the control group was observed within 24 h after preparation. pH value and the number of insoluble particles were detected and compared with the blank control group. The content of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and the change of UV absorption spectrum were determined by UV spectrophotometry. RESULTS :Compared with the blank control group infusion at the same time , the infusion of trial group and the control group were colorless ,clear solution ,no visible foreign body ,and the pH value of the infusion of trial group and the control group had no significant change within 24 h. Within 24 h after preparation ,the number of insoluble particles ≥10 and ≥25 μm in 3 groups fluctuated but met the pharmacopoeia standard ;the number of insoluble particles with small particle size (5-10 μm)increased slightly with time ,but there was no significant difference between trial group ,control group and blank control group. The linear range of 5-HMF was 0.149-4.751 μg/mL(R2=0.999 9);the limit of quantitation was 0.013 μg/mL;RSDs of precision ,repeatability and stability tests (24 h)were less than 2%;average recovery was 105.23% (RSD=1.08%,n=9). The content of 5-HMF and the UV absorption spectrum had no significant change in 2 groups within 24 h. The absorbance of UV measured at 284 nm was in line with the pharmacopeia. CONCLUSIONS :Calcium gluconate injection , 0.9% Sodium chloride injection and 5% Glucose injection have good stability within 24 h,and can be used according to clinical needs.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887971

ABSTRACT

To summarize and analyze the current adjuvant sleep-improving Chinese medicinal health products,this study retrieved the information on health products with the sleep-improving effect published by the Department of Special Food Safety Supervision and Management,State Administration for Market Regulation( SMAR),which was statistically analyzed with Microsoft Excel and TCMISS for the characteristics of formulations. A total of 435 sleep-improving health products were collected,including 344 ones containing Chinese herbal medicines. Among them,413 health products were not suitable for adolescents,neither 194 for pregnant women. Ten Chinese herbal medicines showed a frequency of use ≥40,with 1 095 times( 73. 1%) in use. Through unsupervised hierarchical entropy-based clustering of the above Chinese herbal medicines of health products( degree of support of 45 and confidence coefficient of0. 7),12 new formulas were obtained. The composition of Chinese herbal medicines was consistent with the principles of improving sleep in traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theories,i. e.,replenishing the heart and spleen,nourishing blood,calming the nerves,nourishing Yin,reducing internal heat,communicating the heart and kidney,replenishing Qi,relieving convulsions,clearing heat,resolving phlegm,regulating the middle warmer,soothing the liver,relieving heat,and calming the heart. According to TCM theories,syndrome differentiation was performed based on the existing sleep-improving health products,followed by data mining and analysis according to the formulation regularity,aiming to provide new ideas for the development of new Chinese medicinal health products. In particular,attention should be attached to the requirements of special populations to provide a basis for follow-up studies,exert the advantages of TCM,and lay a foundation for Chinese medicinal health products to service the public.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , China , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pregnancy , Sleep
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887970

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the current Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines effective in boosting memory,aiming at providing references for the formulation and development of memory-boosting health products. The information on memory-boosting health products published by the Department of Special Food Safety Supervision and Management,the State Administration for Market Regulation( SAMR) was collected and the Chinese patent medicines on DRUGDATAEXPY were searched. Microsoft Excel and the TCMISS were used to statistically analyze the characteristics of formulations. A total of 212 memory-boosting health products were obtained from SAMR,including 83 ones containing Chinese medicinal materials. Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 8,with 151 times in use. In DRUGDATAEXPY,258 similar Chinese patent medicines were collected.Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 58,with 907 times in use. Through unsupervised hierarchical entropybased clustering of the above-mentioned Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines separately,5 and 12 new formulas were obtained. The selection of Chinese herbal medicines for the new formulas was consistent with the principles of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theories,i. e.,tonifying kidney and marrow,benefiting Qi,nourishing Yin,resolving phlegm,and eliminating stasis. According to TCM theories,syndrome differentiation of the users was conducted,and the formulas were designed following the correspondence of syndromes with formulas and Chinese herbal medicines. This study is expected to provide new ideas and methods for the development of Chinese medicinal health products and accurately guide practical applications to exert the advantages of TCM in health care based on syndrome differentiation and improve the effect of Chinese medicinal health products.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Syndrome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887941

ABSTRACT

Qixuehe Capsules is a compound Chinese patent medicine developed for treating the disorder of Qi and blood(a common etiology of gynecological disease), which has remarkable effects on smoothing liver and regulating Qi, activating blood circulation, and relieving pain. However, due to its complex prescriptions(15 herbs) and multiple effects, the quality control of Qixuehe Capsules has always been a bottleneck problem limiting its sustainable development. Therefore, this study adopted the traditional Chinese medicine Q-markers quantitative identification system established previously by our research group based on the combination of analytic hierarchy process and entropy weight methods. With the different effects of Qixuehe Capsules as the entry point, the comprehensive scores of chemical ingre-dients in Qixuehe Capsules under the items of effectiveness(smoothing liver and regulating qi, activating blood circulation, and relieving pain), testability and specificity were calculated and integrated, respectively. Subsequently, through the analysis of compatibility relationship of Qixuehe Capsules, 15 active ingredients with high comprehensive scores were found to be the top Q-mar-kers of Qixuehe Capsules, including ferulic acid, quercetin, caffeic acid, kaempferol, rutin, Z-ligustilide, senkyunolide Ⅰ, vanillic acid, protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, rosmarinic acid, senkyunolide A, gallic acid, tetrahydropalmatine and eugenol. Collectively, this study not only provided scientific evidence for further research on the improvement and standardization of quality standards of Qixuehe Capsules but also provided methodological references for the quantitative identification of Q-markers of multi-effect traditional Chinese medicine formulae.


Subject(s)
Analytic Hierarchy Process , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Entropy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 266-273, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872628

ABSTRACT

Xianling Gubao is a common and effective medicine in the treatment of orthopedic diseases. In recent years, it has been reported to be associated with liver injury. However, through the analysis of the adverse drug reaction reports and key hospital cases, we found that there is considerable incomplete information in the reports of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury cases retrieved from the literature. Thus, it is difficult to accurately judge causality between the drug and liver injury. Six cases of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao were identified in key hospitals, two of which achieved the clinical diagnosis according to the assessment of the integrated evidence chain method. We further analyzed the public health data of all residents in Yinzhou. The gross incidence rate of Xianling Gubao-related liver injury was 0.034%, which corresponds to a level of rare incidence. This revealed that Xianling Gubao-related liver injury has significant divergence in individuals and an idiosyncratic nature. The gross incidence of liver injury related to Xianling Gubao was lower than that of other medicines for the treatment of orthopedic diseases. Based on the idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury model mediated by immune stress, it was found that Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus were the major components that lead to liver injury, and the liver injury caused by a full prescription was less serious than that encountered with only Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus. This suggests that the other 4 herbs (Dipsaci Radix, Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, Rehmanniae Radix,Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma) can prevent/alleviate the liver injury. Through disassembled prescription analysis, we found that the attenuation efficacy of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was the most significant. In conclusion, Xianling Gubao may cause idiosyncratic liver injury in a tiny minority of susceptible individuals, but the incidence risk is lower than that of other commonly used drugs for orthopedic disease. Xianling Gubao should be discreetly applied to patients with immune stress. The major components that induced liver injury in Xianling Gubao were Epimedii Folium and Psoraleae Fructus, and Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma appears to attenuate this toxicity. This study provides a reference for the rational clinical medication with Xianling Gubao.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912873

ABSTRACT

Objective: By sorting and analyzing pertinent modern studies targeting auricular point therapy treating primary insomnia (PI), to summarize the point selection rules and clinical efficacy of using auricular points alone or combining it with other therapies in treating PI. Methods: A search on China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Academic Journal Full-text Database (Wanfang), Chongqing VIP Database (CQVIP), PubMed, Springer and Ovid were conducted from January 1, 1998 till January 31, 2020. Point selection, diagnostic criteria and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) in the eligible studies were analyzed and summarized. Results: The difference in PSQI before and after using auricular point therapy alone was more significant than that of using Chinese medication alone (P<0.05), but less significant than that of combining auricular point therapy and acupuncture-moxibustion and Chinese therapeutic massage (tuina) (P<0.05). In the included studies, Shenmen (TF4) was the most commonly used (370 times), followed by Heart (CO15), which was 344 times, and Subcortex (AT4), which was 325 times. In terms of auricular points distribution, points in the auricular concha were the most commonly used (1500 times), followed by those in the antitragus (474 times) and triangular fossa (387 times). Correlation analysis showed that Shenmen (TF4) and Liver (CO12), Sympathetic (AH6a) and Heart (CO15) were used together more often, followed by Shenmen (TF4), Liver (CO12), Spleen (CO13), Kidney (CO10) and Subcortex (AT4), and then Shenmen (TF4), Liver (CO12), Sympathetic (AH6a), Subcortex (AT4) and Heart (CO15). Cluster analysis showed that the auricular points used for PI can be divided into 6 clusters in 2 major groups. One group was Heart (CO15), Subcortex (AT4), Shenmen (TF4), Sympathetic (AH6a), Spleen (CO13), Kidney (CO10), Liver (CO12) and Endocrine (CO18); the other was Occiput (AT3), Stomach (CO4), Pancrease-gallbladder (CO11), Chuiqian (LO4), Small Intestine (CO6), Central Rim (AT2,3,4i) and Sanjiao (CO17). In terms of patterns in traditional Chinese medicine, the pattern of dual deficiency of heart and spleen accounted for the largest proportion in the studies of using auricular points alone or combining it with other treatments to treatment PI, and then it was the pattern of liver depression transforming into fire. Conclusion: In treatment of PI with auricular points alone or combo therapy involving auricular points, Shenmen (TF4) was commonly used, and the commonly used point group consisted of Shenmen (TF4), Liver (CO12), Sympathetic (AH6a) and Heart (CO15). Auricular point therapy can be taken as a complementary therapy in treating PI.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic efficacies of Wujiwan at two different compatibilities (No.1 and No.2) on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) based on neuro-endocrine-immune network, and provide a theoretical basis for the treatment based on syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Method:The chronic animal model of IBS with visceral hypersensitivity was established by colon irritation via percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in suckling rats. The animals were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a dicetel group (0.01 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), low- (0.335 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>), medium- (0.67 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>), and high-dose (1.34 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>) No. 1 Wujiwan groups, and low- (0.385 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>), medium- (0.77 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>), and high-dose (1.54 g·kg<sup>-</sup><bold><sup>1</sup></bold>) No. 2 Wujiwan groups. The thresholds of abdominal elevation and bow back elevation were evaluated to detect the effect of Wujiwan on intestinal sensitivity of IBS. The density of mast cells (MC) in the colonic tissue of model rats was detected by the modified toluidine blue staining method. The concentrations/positive expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), substance P (SP), somatostatin (SS), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in the blood/colon tissue were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay. Result:There was no significant difference in body weight among different groups. Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited decreased thresholds of abdominal elevation and bow back elevation (<italic>P<</italic>0.01), increased density of MCs in the colon tissue (<italic>P<</italic>0.05), up-regulated levels of 5-HT, SP, and SS in the blood and colon tissue (<italic>P<</italic>0.05, <italic>P<</italic>0.01), and elevated VIP level in the colon tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with the model group, Wujiwan at different compatibilities could increase the thresholds of abdominal elevation and bow back elevation (<italic>P</italic><0.01), diminish the count of MC in the colon tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and reduce the levels of 5-HT, SP, SS, and VIP (<italic>P</italic><0.05). As demonstrated by the comparison of No. 1 and No. 2 Wujiwan, No. 1 was superior to No. 2 in reducing the concentrations of 5-HT, SP, and SS in the blood, especially in 5-HT (<italic>P</italic><0.01). No significant difference between No. 1 and No. 2 in reducing 5-HT positive expression in the colon tissue was observed. Compared to the No. 1 Wujiwan, No. 2 significantly reduced SP expression, and the intensity and range of SS expression in the colon tissue in the No. 2 groups were smaller than those in the No. 1 groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Wujiwan at different compatibilities was capable of improving gastrointestinal hormone disorder of IBS to reduce intestinal sensitivity. In terms of systemic effect, No. 1 was superior to No. 2, while in terms of local effect, No. 2 was advantageous. No. 1 Wujiwan was superior to No. 2 in the effect on intestinal dynamics, while No. 2 had an advantageous effect on intestinal sensation over No. 1.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906256

ABSTRACT

Qingjin Huatanpang, first contained in Yixue Tongzhi, was composed of eleven medicinal materials of Scutellariae Radix, Gardeniae Fructus, Fritillariae Thunbergii Bulbus, Mori Cortex, Trichosanthis Semen Tostum, Citri Exocarpium Rubrum, Platycodonis Radix, Ophiopogonis Radix (core removed), Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, Poria and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. It is a classic prescription created by YE Wen-ling in Ming dynasty for treating pulmonary disease with phlegm-heat obstructing lung syndrome. With the significant functions of clearing heat and moistening lung, reducing phlegm and relieving cough, it has been included in the "Classic Catalogue of Ancient Classics (First Batch)". Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Qingjin Huatantang has multiple activities such as relieving cough and eliminating phlegm, anti-inflammatory, bronchodilation, and immunoregulatory, and now it is commonly used for treating infectious lung diseases, such as acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community acquire pneumonia, bronchiectasis, acute and chronic bronchitis in a form of its modified prescription or its combined use with western medicine, consistent with the clinical application in ancient times. According to the literatures on the study of Qingjin Huatantang published in recent years, this paper summed up the historical evolution, compatibility analysis, chemistry constituents, quality control, advances in pharmacology research, and clinical uses, which can provide theoretical and experimental data reference for further research and development, and proposed to establish a biological activity assay for quality control based on the pharmacological effect such as immunoregulatory activity, which can improve its quality control method and provide a reference for other famous classical formulas.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906098

ABSTRACT

Objective:<italic>Auxiliary Verse on Drugs and</italic> <italic>methods</italic> <italic>for Zang-Fu Organs (Fuxingjue Wuzangyongyao Fayao)</italic> written by TAO Hong-jing from the Liang dynasty covered many contents from<italic> </italic>a missing prescription book<italic> Classic of Decoction (Tangye Jingfa)</italic>, including a map revealing the compatibility principle of Chinese herbs, namely the Tangye Jingfatu. Represented by a centrosymmetric pentagon, the map describes a unique theoretical system for deficiency-excess syndrome differentiation of five Zang organs (liver, heart, spleen, lung and kidney) and the tonification-purgation and compatibility theory of five flavors (pungent, salt, sweet, sour and bitter). Each Zang organ fixedly corresponds to one "property" flavor (purgation), one "function" flavor (tonification) and one "transformation" flavor (harmonization) resulting from the combination of the former two. For example, the liver can be purged by sour, tonified by pungent, and moderated by sweet transformed by the combination of sour with pungent. The heart can be purged by bitter, tonified by salt, and astringed by sour transformed by the combination of bitter with salt. The spleen can be purged by pungent, tonified by sweet, and dried by bitter transformed by the interaction between pungent and sweet. The lung can be purged by salt, tonified by sour, and dispersed by pungent transformed by the combination of salt with sour. The kidney can be purged by sweet, tonified by bitter, and moistened by salt transformed by the combination of sweet with bitter. This study selected appropriate mathematical tools to analyze the fixed relationship between "property" flavor, "function" flavor and "transformation" flavor among the five Zang organs in “Tangye Jingfatu” and establish a mathematical model revealing the compatibility-transformation relationship among five flavors. Method:Based on the group representation of five elements (wood, fire, earth, metal, and water), the correlations of "property" flavor, "function" flavor, and "transformation" flavor with five elements’ generation-restriction were deduced based on matrix calculation and group theory. The three-dimensional calculation method for vector product was expanded for establishing the mathematical operator of five flavors' compatibility-transformation. Result:<bold>and</bold> Conclusion:There is a mapping relationship of the purging, tonifying, and harmonizing functions represented by the "property" flavor, "function" flavor, and "transformation" flavor of the five zang organs in the "Tangye Jingfatu" with the five elements' generation-restriction. The established mathematical operator contributes to explaining the fixed collocations of five flavor transformation. Based on such algorithm, the tonifying and purging characteristics of five flavors in 10 representative classic prescriptions have been clearly expounded.

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