Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 5.969
Filter
1.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(3): e20230029, July-Sept. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550504

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Lung diseases are common in patients with end stage kidney disease (ESKD), making differential diagnosis with COVID-19 a challenge. This study describes pulmonary chest tomography (CT) findings in hospitalized ESKD patients on renal replacement therapy (RRT) with clinical suspicion of COVID-19. Methods: ESKD individuals referred to emergency department older than 18 years with clinical suspicion of COVID-19 were recruited. Epidemiological baseline clinical information was extracted from electronic health records. Pulmonary CT was classified as typical, indeterminate, atypical or negative. We then compared the CT findings of positive and negative COVID-19 patients. Results: We recruited 109 patients (62.3% COVID-19-positive) between March and December 2020, mean age 60 ± 12.5 years, 43% female. The most common etiology of ESKD was diabetes. Median time on dialysis was 36 months, interquartile range = 12-84. The most common pulmonary lesion on CT was ground glass opacities. Typical CT pattern was more common in COVID-19 patients (40 (61%) vs 0 (0%) in non-COVID-19 patients, p < 0.001). Sensitivity was 60.61% (40/66) and specificity was 100% (40/40). Positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 100% and 62.3%, respectively. Atypical CT pattern was more frequent in COVID-19-negative patients (9 (14%) vs 24 (56%) in COVID-19-positive, p < 0.001), while the indeterminate pattern was similar in both groups (13 (20%) vs 6 (14%), p = 0.606), and negative pattern was more common in COVID-19-negative patients (4 (6%) vs 12 (28%), p = 0.002). Conclusions: In hospitalized ESKD patients on RRT, atypical chest CT pattern cannot adequately rule out the diagnosis of COVID-19.


RESUMO Introdução: Doenças pulmonares são comuns em pacientes com doença renal em estágio terminal (DRET), dificultando o diagnóstico diferencial com COVID-19. Este estudo descreve achados de tomografia computadorizada de tórax (TC) em pacientes com DRET em terapia renal substitutiva (TRS) hospitalizados com suspeita de COVID-19. Métodos: Indivíduos maiores de 18 anos com DRET, encaminhados ao pronto-socorro com suspeita de COVID-19 foram incluídos. Dados clínicos e epidemiológicos foram extraídos de registros eletrônicos de saúde. A TC foi classificada como típica, indeterminada, atípica, negativa. Comparamos achados tomográficos de pacientes com COVID-19 positivos e negativos. Resultados: Recrutamos 109 pacientes (62,3% COVID-19-positivos) entre março e dezembro de 2020, idade média de 60 ± 12,5 anos, 43% mulheres. A etiologia mais comum da DRET foi diabetes. Tempo médio em diálise foi 36 meses, intervalo interquartil = 12-84. A lesão pulmonar mais comum foi opacidades em vidro fosco. O padrão típico de TC foi mais comum em pacientes com COVID-19 (40 (61%) vs. 0 (0%) em pacientes sem COVID-19, p < 0,001). Sensibilidade 60,61% (40/66), especificidade 100% (40/40). Valores preditivos positivos e negativos foram 100% e 62,3%, respectivamente. Padrão atípico de TC foi mais frequente em pacientes COVID-19-negativos (9 (14%) vs. 24 (56%) em COVID-19-positivos, p < 0,001), enquanto padrão indeterminado foi semelhante em ambos os grupos (13 (20%) vs. 6 (14%), p = 0,606), e padrão negativo foi mais comum em pacientes COVID-19-negativos (4 (6%) vs. 12 (28%), p = 0,002). Conclusões: Em pacientes com DRET em TRS hospitalizados, um padrão atípico de TC de tórax não pode excluir adequadamente o diagnóstico de COVID-19.

2.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(2): e20230019, Apr.-June 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550495

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) is a deterioration of kidney function that occurs after the administration of a iodinated contrast medium (ICM). Most studies that defined this phenomenon used older ICMs that were more prone of causing CA-AKI. In the past decade, several articles questioned the true incidence of CA-AKI. However, there is still a paucity of a data about the safety of newer ICM. Objective: To assess the incidence of CA-AKI in hospitalized patients that were exposed to computed tomography (CT) with and without ICM. Methods: Prospective cohort study with 1003 patients who underwent CT in a tertiary hospital from December 2020 through March 2021. All inpatients aged > 18 years who had a CT scan during this period were screened for the study. CA-AKI was defined as a relative increase of serum creatinine of ≥ 50% from baseline or an absolute increase of ≥ 0.3 mg/dL within 18 to 48 hours after the CT. Chi-squared test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and linear regression model with restricted cubic splines were used for statistical analyses. Results: The incidence of CA-AKI was 10.1% in the ICM-exposed group and 12.4% in the control group when using the absolute increase criterion. The creatinine variation from baseline was not significantly different between groups. After adjusting for baseline factors, contrast use did not correlate with worse renal function. Conclusion: The rate of CA-AKI is very low, if present at all, with newer ICMs, and excessive caution regarding contrast use is probably unwarranted.


RESUMO Introdução: Lesão renal aguda associada ao contraste (LRA-AC) é uma deterioração da função renal que ocorre após a administração de meio de contraste iodado (MCI). A maioria dos estudos que definiram esse fenômeno utilizaram MCI mais antigos, mais propensos a causar LRA-AC. Na última década, diversos artigos questionaram a verdadeira incidência de LRA-AC. Entretanto, ainda há escassez de dados sobre a segurança dos MCI mais novos. Objetivo: Avaliar a incidência de LRA-AC em pacientes hospitalizados expostos à tomografia computadorizada (TC) com e sem MCI. Métodos: Estudo de coorte prospectivo com 1.003 pacientes submetidos a TC em hospital terciário, de dezembro/2020 a março/2021. Todos os pacientes internados com idade ≥ 18 anos que realizaram TC nesse período foram selecionados. A LRA-AC foi definida como aumento relativo de creatinina sérica de ≥ 50% em relação ao valor basal ou aumento absoluto de ≥ 0,3 mg/dL dentro de 18 a 48 horas após a TC. Utilizamos o teste qui-quadrado, teste de Kruskal-Wallis e modelo de regressão linear com splines cúbicos restritos para análises estatísticas. Resultados: A incidência de LRA-AC foi 10,1% no grupo exposto ao MCI e 12,4% no grupo controle ao usar o critério de aumento absoluto. A variação da creatinina em relação ao valor basal não foi significativamente diferente entre os grupos. Após ajuste para fatores basais, o uso de contraste não se correlacionou com pior função renal. Conclusão: A taxa de LRA-AC é muito baixa, caso exista, com MCIs mais novos, e a cautela excessiva quanto ao uso de contraste provavelmente não se justifica.

3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558088

ABSTRACT

Este Estudio tuvo por objetivo determinar la incidencia de reabsorción radicular externa en premolares superiores e inferiores permanentes al finalizar el tratamiento de ortodoncia. Esta investigación fue realizada en pacientes entre 18 y 35 años que recibieron tratamiento de ortodoncia, sin extracciones, con técnica de autoligado en la ciudad de Guadalajara. Se consideraron 120 premolares, realizando mediciones longitudinales en las tomografías computarizadas de haz cónico al inicio y término del tratamiento. Utilizando el software Implant Viewer 3. Los valores registrados en el primer y segundo premolar superior tanto del lado derecho como izquierdo al inicio y término del tratamiento fluctuaron entre -4.946 y -7.801; p ≤ 0.0005 encontrándose diferencias estadísticas significativas. Mientras que en el primer y segundo premolar inferior tanto del lado derecho como izquierdo, fluctuaron entre -4.864 y -5.28; p ≤ 0.0005 encontrándose diferencias estadísticas significativas. Se concluye en este estudio que los dientes sometidos a movimientos durante el tratamiento de ortodoncia sufren modificaciones en el contorno de la raíz, cambios con consecuencias mínimas que no comprometen la funcionalidad del diente. Los premolares superiores presentaron mayores rangos de reabsorción radicular que los premolares inferiores.


The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of root resorption in permanent upper and lower premolars at the end of an orthodontic treatment. This research was carried out in patients aged between 18 and 35 years old who received orthodontic treatment, without extractions, with a self-ligating technique in the city of Guadalajara, Mexico. In this study, 120 premolars were considered, making longitudinal measurements with cone beam computed tomography at the beginning and the end of the treatment, using the Implant Viewer 3 software. The values recorded in the upper first and second premolars on both the right and left sides at the beginning and the end of the treatment fluctuated between -4.946 and -7.801; p ≤ 0.0005, finding statistically significant differences. In the lower first and second premolars on both the right and left sides, they fluctuated between -4.864 and -5.28; p ≤ 0.0005, also finding statistically significant differences. It is concluded that teeth subjected to movements during orthodontic treatment suffer modifications in the contour of the root, changes with minimal consequences that do not compromise their functionality. The upper premolars showed higher ranges of root resorption than the lower premolars.

4.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(2)abr. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558123

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Mandibular incisive canal (MIC) and related mental foramen (MF) and anterior loop (AL) morphometrics are important landmarks in medical and dental clinical applications. The main aim of this retrospective study to determine the morphometry of the mandibular incisive canal (MIC) in a Jordanian population and to propose a new shape-pattern classification of the MIC. In addition, MF and AL morphometrics were determined. Carestream 3D imaging software was used on 100 Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) of a Jordanian population to determine the MF, AL and MIC morphometrics. The detection prevalence of the MIC was 96 %. The right and left MIC showed four distinct line patterns, proposed for the first time in this paper. The line-patterns were angular (L-line), straight (I-line), curved (V-line) and wavy (W-line), with a prevalence of 41 %, 19 %, 25.5 %, and 10.5 %, respectively. MF was detected in all mandibles with a round shape in 58 % of the images. The most common horizontal and vertical positions of the MF were H4 and H3 (73.5 %) and V3 and V2 (95 %), respectively. An accessory MF was detected in 14.5 % of the samples and was more prevalent in males and on the right side. AL was detected in 92.5 % of the samples and exhibited a pattern prevalence of 25.5 %, 40 % and 27 % for types I, II and III, respectively. Results revealed that asymmetry and gender differences between right and left MIC, MF, AL and AMF was seen in patient's mandibles. In conclusion, this is the first study to propose and show that Mandibular incisive canal exhibits four potential line patterns (L, I, V and W lines patterns). Gender and ethnic variations of the mandibular canal landmarks morphometrics of both right and left hemi-mandible are important to be acknowledged in learning anatomy and when planning or performing dental and medical procedures.


Las relaciones de la morfometría del canal incisivo mandibular (MCI), del foramen mentoniano (FM) y del asa anterior (AA) son hitos importantes en las aplicaciones clínicas médicas y dentales. El objetivo principal de este estudio retrospectivo fue determinar la morfometría del MCI en una población jordana y proponer una nueva clasificación de patrón de forma del MCI. Además, se determinaron la morfometría de FM y AA. Se utilizó el software de imágenes 3D Carestream en 100 tomografías computarizadas de haz cónico (CBCT) de una población jordana para determinar la morfometría de FM, MCI y AA. La prevalencia de detección de MCI fue del 96 %. El MCI derecho e izquierdo mostraron cuatro patrones de líneas distintas, propuestas por primera vez en este artículo. Los patrones de líneas fueron angulares (línea L), rectos (línea I), curvos (línea V) y ondulados (línea W), con una prevalencia del 41 %, 19 %, 25,5 % y 10,5 % respectivamente. Se detectó el FM en todas las mandíbulas y con forma redonda en el 58 % de las imágenes. Las posiciones horizontal y vertical más comunes del FM fueron H4 y H3 (73,5 %) y V3 y V2 (95 %), respectivamente. Se detectó FM accesorio en el 14,5 % de las muestras y fue más prevalente en el sexo masculino y en el lado derecho. AA se detectó en el 92,5 % de las muestras y exhibió un patrón de prevalencia del 25,5 %, 40 % y 27 % para los tipos I, II y III, respectivamente. Los resultados revelaron asimetría y diferencias en el sexo entre MCI, FM, AA derecha e izquierda en las mandíbulas de los pacientes. En conclusión, este es el primer estudio que propone y muestra que el canal incisivo mandibular exhibe cuatro patrones de líneas potenciales (patrones de líneas L, I, V y W). Es importante reconocer las variaciones étnicas y de sexo de la morfometría de los puntos de referencia del canal mandibular de la hemimandíbula derecha e izquierda al estudiar y aprender anatomía y al planificar o realizar procedimientos médicos y dentales.

5.
Vive (El Alto) ; 7(19): 194-206, abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560634

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones quísticas ocurren en los maxilares, por la presencia de células remanentes del neuroectodermo embrionario. La descompresión es una técnica conservadora para disminuir la presión intraquística mediante drenaje constante, permitiendo el crecimiento de nuevo hueso centrípeto de las paredes óseas del quiste. Objetivo: determinar los beneficios de la descompresión y enucleación en lesiones quísticas mandibulares, tomando como base la metodología de un caso clínico. Descripción del caso: se diagnosticó una lesión quística mandibular en paciente masculino de 27 años, que acudió a consulta mostrando secreción purulenta en mucosa trígono retromolar de UD 37, inicialmente asintomática. Se utilizaron como materiales la tomográfica computarizada de haz cónico, artefacto de drenaje autocurado, hemiarcada izquierda elaborada con Metil Metacrilato y aparato a base de cilindro. Como resultados se reveló imagen hipodensa de bordes definidos localizada en el límite posterior de cuerpo mandibular, borde anterior y parte de la rama ascendente mandibular del lado izquierdo; extendida en sentido cefálico caudal desde la cresta alveolar y borde anterior de la rama hasta la cortical superior del conducto mandibular. Conclusión: Se confirmó diagnóstico de quiste periapical, quiste residual y ameloblastoma. Se realizó biopsia incisional de la lesión para estudio histopatológico y la descompresión con dispositivo personalizado a enucleación conminada con solución de Carnoy, resultando el tratamiento conservador efectivo complementado por la enucleación de una membrana quística más gruesa y menos friable.


Cystic lesions occur in the jaws due to the presence of remnant cells of the embryonic neuroectoderm. Decompression is a conservative technique to decrease intracystic pressure by constant drainage, allowing the growth of new centripetal bone from the bony walls of the cyst. Objective: to determine the benefits of decompression and enucleation in mandibular cystic lesions, based on the methodology of a clinical case. Case description: a cystic mandibular lesion was diagnosed in a 27 year old male patient, who came for consultation showing purulent secretion in the trigone retromolar mucosa of UD 37, initially asymptomatic. The materials used were cone beam computed tomography, self-curing drainage device, left hemiarch made with Methyl Methacrylate and cylinder based apparatus. The results revealed a hypodense image with defined borders located in the posterior limit of the mandibular body, anterior border and part of the ascending mandibular branch on the left side; extended in a caudal cephalic direction from the alveolar crest and anterior border of the branch to the superior cortical of the mandibular duct. Conclusion: Diagnosis of periapical cyst, residual cyst and ameloblastoma was confirmed. An incisional biopsy of the lesion was performed for histopathological study and decompression with a customized device to enucleation with Carnoy's solution, resulting in effective conservative treatment complemented by enucleation of a thicker and less friable cystic membrane.


As lesões císticas ocorrem nos maxilares, devido à presença de células remanescentes da neuroectoderme embrionária. A descompressão é uma técnica conservadora que visa reduzir a pressão intracística por meio de drenagem constante, permitindo o crescimento de novo osso centrípeto a partir das paredes ósseas do cisto. Objetivo: determinar os benefícios da descompressão e da enucleação em lesões císticas mandibulares, com base na metodologia de um caso clínico. Descrição do caso: foi diagnosticada uma lesão cística mandibular em um paciente do sexo masculino, 27 anos, que se apresentou para consulta apresentando secreção purulenta na mucosa do trígono retromolar do UD 37, inicialmente assintomática. Os materiais utilizados foram tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico, dispositivo de drenagem autopolimerizável, hemiarco esquerdo confeccionado com metacrilato de metila e aparelho de base cilíndrica. Os resultados revelaram uma imagem hipodensa com limites definidos localizada no limite posterior do corpo mandibular, bordo anterior e parte do ramo mandibular ascendente do lado esquerdo; estendendo-se em direção cefálica caudal desde a crista alveolar e bordo anterior do ramo até ao córtex superior do ducto mandibular. Conclusão: Foi confirmado o diagnóstico de quisto periapical, quisto residual e ameloblastoma. Foi efectuada uma biopsia incisional da lesão para estudo histopatológico e descompressão com um dispositivo adaptado à enucleação cominutiva da solução de Carnoy, resultando num tratamento conservador eficaz complementado pela enucleação de uma membrana quística mais espessa e menos friável.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Periapical Abscess , Bone Cysts
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558171

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento endodóntico requiere detallados conocimientos sobre la morfología radicular. En premolares maxilares, se ha reportado variabilidad en el número de raíces y morfología del sistema de canales radiculares (SCR). La causa más frecuente de fracaso endodóntico son los conductos no tratados. Por lo tanto, una mejor compresión de la morfología del SCR y sus variaciones es crucial para el tratamiento endodóntico. El objetivo de esta investigación fue describir la frecuencia del número de raíces y morfología del SCR en premolares maxilares, mediante exámenes de tomografía computarizada Cone Beam (CBCT) en una población chilena. Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal donde se observó la morfología del sistema de canales radiculares de primeros y segundos premolares maxilares a través de exámenes CBCT, agrupándolos de acuerdo con la Clasificación de Vertucci. Se observaron 228 exámenes CBCT, donde se incluyeron 268 primeros premolares superiores y 233 segundos premolares maxilares. Se determinó que en primeros premolares maxilares un 56,3 % presentó una raíz, un 43,3 %, siendo más frecuente una morfología del SCR tipo IV. En los segundos premolares maxilares, se determinó la presencia de una raíz en el 95,7 % de los casos, siendo más frecuente una morfología del SCR tipo I. Estos resultados pueden ser de interés para endodoncistas, ya que conocer la morfología del SCR de premolares maxilares permite mejorar la planificación de la terapia endodóntica realizada en estos dientes.


Endodontic treatment requires detailed knowledge of root morphology. In maxillary premolars, variability in root number and root canal system (RCS) morphology has been reported. The most frequent cause of endodontic failure is non treated canals. Therefore, a better understanding of RCS morphology and its variations is crucial for endodontic treatment. The aim of this research was to describe the frequency of root number and SCR morphology in maxillary premolars, by means of Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) examinations in a Chilean population. A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was carried out in which the morphology of the root canal system of maxillary first and second premolars was observed through CBCT examinations, grouping them according to the Vertucci Classification. A total of 228 CBCT examinations were observed, which included 268 upper first premolars and 233 maxillary second premolars. It was determined that in maxillary first premolars 56.3 % presented one root, 43.3 %, being more frequent a SCR type IV morphology. In maxillary second premolars, the presence of one root was determined in 95.7 % of the cases, being more frequent a SCR type I morphology. These results may be of interest to endodontists, since knowing the morphology of the RCS of maxillary premolars allows improving the planning of endodontic therapy performed on these teeth.

7.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558176

ABSTRACT

Actualmente los factores que influyen en la supervivencia de los dientes trasplantados han podido ser controlados con el uso de la tecnología. El autotrasplante dental guiado ha logrado más predictibilidad y eficiencia, además, h a reducido los tiempos de transferencia desde la extracción hasta el trasplante. El objetivo de esta revisión es describir los protocolos de autotrasplante dental guiado, sus tasas de supervivencia y éxito publicados en la literatura actual. Esta revisió n fue realizada siguiendo la pauta PRISMA. La búsqueda se realizó en MEDLINE, Google Académico, ScienceDirect y SciELO, con los términos "autotransplant", "autotransplantation", "autotransplanting", "dental", "tooth", "teeth", "guided", "guide" con filtro de publicación de 10 años. Se realizó evaluación de riesgo de sesgo mediante pautas Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) a los estudios, incluyendo en esta revisión sólo con riesgo medio y bajo. Los datos de cada artículo se tabularon en una tabla realizada en el procesador de texto en línea "Google Docs". Diez estudios cumplieron los criterios mencionados y fueron incluidos. Fueron evaluados un total de 37 pacientes entre 9 a 64 años. Los dientes donantes más frecuentes fueron premolares y terceros molares. En la mayoría de los casos los pacientes se encontraban sin antecedentes mórbidos de relevancia. El éxito fue evaluado mediante diversos criterios clínicos y radiográficos. Por otro lado, la supervivencia fue evaluada durante los seguimientos respecto a la permanencia del diente en boca. Este tipo de tratamiento no es muy conocido y los estudios incluidos fueron escasos, por otro lado, estos son de bajo nivel de evidencia (reportes de casos y serie de casos). Los protocolos evaluados difieren en algunas características, sin embargo, todos logran altas tasas de supervivencia y éxito. Igualmente, se presentan algunos fracasos, dónde los dientes debieron ser extraídos por movilidad e inflamación.


Currently, the factors that influence the survival of transplanted teeth have been controlled with the use of technology. Guided dental autotransplantation has achieved greater predictability and efficiency, and has also reduced transfer times from extraction to transplantation. The aim of this review is to describe the protocols of guided dental autotransplantation, their survival and success rates published in the current literature. This review was performed following the PRISMA guideline. The search was carried out in MEDLINE, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect and SciELO, with the terms "autotransplant", "autotransplantation", "autotransplanting", "autotransplanting", "dental", "tooth", "teeth", "guided", "guide" with a 10-year publication filter. Studies were assessed for risk of bias using Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) guidelines, including only medium and low risk studies in this review. The data for each article were tabulated in a table created in the online word processor "Google Docs". Ten studies met the selection criteria and were included. A total of 37 patients between 9 and 64 years of age were evaluated. The most frequent donor teeth were premolars and third molars. In most cases the patients had no relevant morbid history. Success was evaluated by means of various clinical and radiographic criteria. On the other hand, survival was evaluated during the follow-ups with respect to the permanence of the tooth in the mouth. This type of treatment is not very well known, and the studies included were scarce; on the other hand, they are of a low level of evidence (case reports and case series). The evaluated protocols differ in some characteristics, however, all of them achieve high survival and success rates. There are also some failures, where teeth had to be extracted due to mobility and inflammation.

8.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 28-34, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528823

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This work investigated the morphology of the root canal system of the mandibular first molar in a Malaysian subpopulation. Using micro-computed tomography with an isotropic resolution of 22 µm, 140 mandibular first molars were scanned. MIMICS software was used for segmentation, 3-D reconstruction and analysis of the acquired images. The canal configuration was described using Vertucci [supported by the supplementary configurations proposed by Sert & Bayirli (2004)] and Ahmed et al. (2027), coding systems. The chi-square test was used to assess the association between qualitative variables. By non-considering intercanal communications, Vertucci types IV (17.1%) and I (76.4%) were the most frequently reported configurations in the mesial and distal roots, respectively. Of the reported configurations, 24.3% and 4.3% were non-classifiable by Vertucci system in the mesial and distal roots, respectively. Up to 63.6% and 9.3% of the reported configurations were non- classifiable, and type I was the most frequent when considering intercanal communications (7.1% and 76.4% in the mesial and distal roots, respectively). According to Ahmed et al., system, almost half of the sample had more than four digits (47.9%), followed by the 3-digits category (20.71%). In both systems, a significant association was found between the canal configuration and the root type (p<0.001). The mandibular first molar of this Malaysian subpopulation demonstrated a wide range of root canal morphology. When compared to the Vertucci system, the system developed by Ahmed et al., successfully classified all molars configurations despite their level of complexity. The complex canal anatomy of mandibular first molars in this subpopulation warrants special attention during root canal treatment procedures.


En este trabajo se investigó la morfología del sistema de conductos radiculares del primer molar mandibular en una subpoblación de Malasia. Utilizando tomografía microcomputada con una resolución isotrópica de 22 µm, se escanearon 140 primeros molares mandibulares. Se utilizó el software MIMICS para segmentar (enmascarar), reconstruir en 3D, visualizar y analizar las imágenes adquiridas. La configuración del canal se describió utilizando Vertucci respaldado por las configuraciones complementarias propuestas por Sert & Bayirli (2004)] y Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020), sistemas de codificación. Se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado para evaluar la asociación entre variables cualitativas. Sin considerar las comunicaciones intercanales, los tipos Vertucci IV (17,1%) y I (76,4%) fueron las configuraciones reportadas con mayor frecuencia en las raíces mesiales y distales, respectivamente. De las configuraciones reportadas, el 24,3 % y el 4,3 % fueron no clasificables por el sistema de Vertucci en las raíces mesial y distal, respectivamente. Hasta el 63,6 % y el 9,3 % de las configuraciones reportadas fueron no clasificables, siendo la tipo I la más frecuente al considerar las comunicaciones intercanales (7,1 % y 76,4 % en las raíces mesiales y distales, respectivamente). Según Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020) en el sistema, casi la mitad de la muestra tenía más de cuatro dígitos (47,9 %), seguido por la categoría de 3 dígitos (20,71 %). En ambos sistemas se encontró una asociación significativa entre la configuración del canal y el tipo de raíz (p<0,001). El primer molar mandibular de esta subpoblación de Malasia demostró una amplia gama morfológica del conducto radicular. En comparación con el sistema Vertucci, el sistema desarrollado por Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020) clasificaron con éxito todas las configuraciones de los molares a pesar de su nivel de complejidad. La compleja anatomía del canal de los primeros molares mandibulares en esta subpoblación merece una atención especial durante los procedimientos de tratamiento de conducto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , X-Ray Microtomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Malaysia , Molar/anatomy & histology
9.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 299-307, 20240220. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532686

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El aneurisma de la aorta abdominal (AAA) es la dilatación de la aorta abdominal mayor de 1,5 veces el diámetro esperado. Su prevalencia es variable, con tasas reportadas de hasta el 12,5 %. Se considera como causa de muerte de más de 10.000 personas al año en los Estados Unidos. El objetivo de esta revisión de la literatura fue describir los factores de riesgo y las herramientas de tamizaje de AAA. Métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura utilizando dos ecuaciones en bases de datos electrónicas, empleando términos seleccionados de "Medical Subject Heading" (MeSH) y "Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud" (DeCS). Se evaluó la calidad de los estudios con la herramienta STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology). Resultados. Se recolectaron 40 artículos y a partir de ellos se construyó el texto de revisión, identificando en estos, los factores de riesgo asociados al desarrollo de AAA, tales como sexo masculino, tabaquismo, hipertensión arterial, antecedente familiar y obesidad, entre otros. La diabetes mellitus parece actuar como factor protector. Dentro de los instrumentos de tamizaje, el ultrasonido abdominal es uno de los más usados. Conclusión. El AAA es una patología multifactorial. En la actualidad la ultrasonografía de aorta es el método de elección para el tamizaje, permitiendo la detección precoz. El tamizaje de AAA con métodos no invasivos, como el ultrasonido, es útil sobre todo en zonas con prevalencia alta de la patología y en pacientes con determinados factores de riesgo.


Introduction. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a dilation of the abdominal aorta greater than 1.5 times the expected diameter. Its prevalence is variable, with reported rates of up to 12.5%. It is considered the cause of death of more than 10,000 people a year in the United States. The objective of this literature review was to describe risk factors and screening tools for AAA. Methods. A literature search was conducted using two equations in electronic databases, using terms selected from "Medical Subject Heading" (MeSH) and "Descriptors in Health Sciences" (DeCS). The quality of the studies was evaluated with the STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) tool. Results. Forty articles were collected and from them the review text was constructed, identifying the risk factors associated with the development of AAA, such as male sex, smoking, high blood pressure, family history and obesity, among others. Diabetes mellitus seems to act as a protective factor. Among the screening instruments, abdominal ultrasound is one of the most used. Conclusion. AAA is a multifactorial pathology. Currently, aortic ultrasonography is the method of choice for screening, allowing early detection. Screening for AAA with non-invasive methods, such as ultrasound, is useful especially in areas with a high prevalence of this pathology and in patients with certain risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mass Screening , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Computed Tomography Angiography , Aortic Diseases , Tobacco Use Disorder , Ultrasonography
10.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 7(1): 36-41, ene. 26, 2024. ilus, tab.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1526699

ABSTRACT

Presentación del caso. Se trata de una mujer de 26 años que presentó dolor en epigastrio e hipocondrio izquierdo, con aumento del perímetro abdominal y pérdida de 5 kg de peso corporal. En el examen físico se detectó una masa de gran tamaño en el epigastrio, con bordes regulares, ligeramente dolorosa al tacto y no móvil. Los estudios de imagen revelaron una neoplasia mixta en el cuerpo y cola pancreática. Intervención terapéutica. Se practicó una esplenopancreatectomía corpo-caudal, con extirpación completa del tumor. Evolución clínica. La paciente recibió cuidados especializados y vigilancia estrecha posquirúrgica en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, sin presentar complicaciones relevantes. Tras el alta hospitalaria, la paciente refirió un buen estado general en los controles de seguimiento, que incluyeron una tomografía realizada a los 12 meses, donde no se evidenciaron restos o recidivas tumorales


Case presentation. A 26-year-old woman who presented with pain in the epigastrium and left hypochondrium, with increased abdominal perimeter and loss of 5 kg of body weight. Physical examination revealed a large mass in the epigastrium, with regular borders, slightly painful to the touch and non-mobile. Imaging studies revealed a mixed neoplasm in the pancreatic body and tail. Treatment. A corpo-caudal splenopancreatectomy was performed, with complete removal of the tumor. Outcome. The patient received specialized care and close postoperative surveillance in the intensive care unit, with no relevant complications. After hospital discharge, the patient reported a good general condition in the follow-up controls, which included a computed tomography scan performed after 12 months, where no tumor remnants or recurrences were evidenced


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , El Salvador
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 100-112, 20240102. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526851

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el impacto del uso de la tomografía corporal total en la evaluación de los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego y hemodinámicamente inestables atendidos en un centro de referencia de trauma. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio analítico, retrospectivo, con base en un subanálisis del registro de la Sociedad Panamericana de Trauma ­ Fundación Valle del Lili. Se incluyeron los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego atendidos entre 2018 y 2021. Se excluyeron los pacientes con trauma craneoencefálico severo, trauma leve y en condición in extremis. Resultados. Doscientos pacientes cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad, 115 fueron estudiados con tomografía corporal total y se compararon con 85 controles. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria en el grupo de tomografía fue de 4/115 (3,5 %) vs 10/85 (12 %) en el grupo control. En el análisis multivariado se identificó que la tomografía no tenía asociación significativa con la mortalidad (aOR=0,46; IC95% 0,10-1,94). El grupo de tomografía tuvo una reducción relativa del 39 % en la frecuencia de cirugías mayores, con un efecto asociado en la disminución de la necesidad de cirugía (aOR=0,47; IC95% 0,22-0,98). Conclusiones. La tomografía corporal total fue empleada en el abordaje inicial de los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego y hemodinámicamente inestables. Su uso no se asoció con una mayor mortalidad, pero sí con una menor frecuencia de cirugías mayores.


Introduction. This study aims to assess the impact of whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) in the evaluation of patients with penetrating gunshot wounds (GSW) who are hemodynamically unstable and treated at a trauma referral center. Methods. An analytical, retrospective study was conducted based on a subanalysis of the Panamerican Trauma Society-FVL registry. Patients with GSW treated between 2018 and 2021 were included. Patients with severe cranioencephalic trauma, minor trauma, and those in extremis were excluded. Patients with and without WBCT were compared. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality, and the secondary outcome was the frequency of major surgeries (thoracotomy, sternotomy, cervicotomy, and/or laparotomy) during initial care. Results. Two hundred eligible patients were included, with 115 undergoing WBCT and compared to 85 controls. In-hospital mortality in the WBCT group was 4/115 (3.5%) compared to 10/85 (12%) in the control group. Multivariate analysis showed that WBCT was not significantly associated to mortality (aOR: 0.46; 95% CI 0.10-1.94). The WBCT group had a relative reduction of 39% in the frequency of major surgeries, with an associated effect on reducing the need for surgery (aOR: 0.47; 95% CI 0.22-0.98). Conclusions. Whole-body computed tomography was employed in the initial management of patients with penetrating firearm projectile injuries and hemodynamic instability. The use of WBCT was not associated with mortality but rather with a reduction in the frequency of major surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Wounds and Injuries , Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Computed Tomography , Shock, Traumatic , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Hospital Mortality
13.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 280-286, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013089

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Based on 3D printing technology, explore the precision of a perforator vessel location guide plate for fibular musculocutaneous flaps before the transplantation of fibular osteocutaneous flaps and evaluate its application effects.@*Methods@#This study was reviewed and approved by the ethics committee, and informed consent was obtained from the patients. From May 2019 to October 2022, 14 patients with jaw defects who needed to undergo fibular perforator flap transplantation at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were selected. For the seven patients in the guide plate group, CTA was combined with Mimics software to reconstruct both lower limbs, and the perforator vessel positioning guide for locating perforator vessels was designed; the two ends of the guide plate were designed as fixed ends, with the upper end fixed to the knee joint and the lower end fixed to the ankle joint, and the guide plate was fabricated by a 3D printer. For the seven patients in the control group, a conventional handheld Doppler probe was used for perforator vessel location. The average operation time, bleeding volume, recovery time, deviation of perforator vessel location, postoperative flap-related complications, postoperative donor site shape satisfaction, and lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) score were recorded. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#The average operation time, bleeding volume, recovery time, deviation of perforator vessel location and postoperative donor site shape satisfaction were significantly better in the guide plate group than in the control group (P<0.05); moreover, the differences in postoperative flap-related complications and LEFS scores were not statistically significant (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#Based on 3D printing technology, fibular musculocutaneous flap perforator vessels can be more accurately located using a guide plate and the knee and ankle as fixed points, and this method can effectively stabilize the guide position, prevent soft tissue offset, and improve positioning accuracy and thus deserves to be generalized.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 61-67, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012772

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide a theoretical basis for radiation health supervision through an analysis of the situation of computed tomography (CT) equipment quality control and CT room radiological protection in Guangdong Province, China in recent years. Methods We collected the data of 392 times of CT quality control and radiological protection testing by a third-party radiological health technical service institution in Guangdong Province from 2019 to 2021. We analyzed the levels of CT-owning hospitals, CT manufacturers, CT quality control test results, and the pass rate of radiation protection tests. Results The examined CT scanners were from different levels of hospitals in Guangdong Province, and were manufactured by nine major CT equipment manufacturers at home and abroad. The pass rate of CT room radiological protection was 99.88%, and the ambient dose equivalent rates of five monitoring points exceeded the limit, with four at the control room door and one at the shield wall of the room. The overall pass rate of CT equipment quality control was 99.49%, and the non-conforming parameters were the accuracy of positioning light and the deviation of reconstructed slice thickness. Conclusion In recent years, CT equipment quality control and room radiation protection in Guangdong Province have been at a high level.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 171-177, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012485

ABSTRACT

Hepatic echinococcosis is a chronic parasitic disease, which is caused by the larvae of Echinococcus multilocularis. It has a high risk of disability and mortality, which is also known as "parasite cancer". In clinical practice, hepatic echinococcosis can be divided into hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and hepatic cystic echinococcosis. Hepatic echinococcosis is widely prevalent worldwide. It mainly occurs in the populations residing agricultural and pastoral areas in western China, posing significant threats to the quality of life of local residents. At present, surgery is the main treatment for hepatic echinococcosis in clinical settings. With rapid development of surgical diagnosis and treatment technology and deepening understanding of hepatic echinococcosis, diagnosis and treatment regimens have also been constantly improved. In this article, research progresses on the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for clinicians, deliver early diagnosis and treatment, mitigate adverse effects of this disease upon patients and improve clinical prognosis.

16.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 196-201, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006542

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to explore the root length of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth and central incisor crown-root morphology in patients with high-angle skeletal Class Ⅱ open bite, aiming to provide a reference for clinical treatment.@*. Methods@#This study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee, and informed consent was obtained from the patients. CBCT images of eighty-one untreated patients (40 anterior open bite patients and 41 normal overbite patients) with high-angle skeletal Class Ⅱ malocclusion were selected before treatment. Dolphin software was used to study the root length of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth and central incisor crown-root morphology, and the differences between the two groups were analyzed.@*Results@#There was no statistical significance in the root length of maxillary lateral incisor and canine between the open bite group and the normal overbite group, significant differences were found in the root length of maxillary central incisor (11.12 ± 1.37) mm、mandibular central incisor(10.15 ± 1.09)mm, mandibular lateral incisor(11.27 ± 1.15)mm and mandibular canine(12.81 ± 1.48)mm between the open bite group and the normal overbite group(P<0.05). On the other hand, the two groups were significantly different in crown-root morphology of the maxillary central incisor (1.10° ± 3.62° vs. 4.53° ± 2.30°, P<0.01) but not in the mandibular central incisor.@*Conclusion@#The root length of the maxillary central incisor, mandibular central incisor, mandibular lateral incisor, mandibular canine in high-angle Class Ⅱ open bite patients is shorter than that in high-angle Class Ⅱ normal overbite patients, and the long axis of the crown of the maxillary central incisor in high-angle Class Ⅱ open bite patients obviously deviates toward the labial side relative to the long axis of the root. The crown-root angle is smaller, which is beneficial to torque control or adduction movement of the anterior teeth in high-angle Class Ⅱ open bite patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 65-70, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006512

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the radiomics features to distinguish invasive lung adenocarcinoma with micropapillary or solid structure. Methods    A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients who received surgeries and pathologically confirmed invasive lung adenocarcinoma in our hospital from April 2016 to August 2019. The dataset was randomly divided into a training set [including a micropapillary/solid structure positive group (positive group) and a micropapillary/solid structure negative group (negative group)] and a testing set (including a positive group and a negative group) with a ratio of 7∶3. Two radiologists drew regions of interest on preoperative high-resolution CT images to extract radiomics features. Before analysis, the intraclass correlation coefficient was used to determine the stable features, and the training set data were balanced using synthetic minority oversampling technique. After mean normalization processing, further radiomics features selection was conducted using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator algorithm, and a 5-fold cross validation was performed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were depicted on the training and testing sets to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the radiomics model. Results    A total of 340 patients were enrolled, including 178 males and 162 females with an average age of 60.31±6.69 years. There were 238 patients in the training set, including 120 patients in the positive group and 118 patients in the negative group. There were 102 patients in the testing set, including 52 patients in the positive group and 50 patients in the negative group. The radiomics model contained 107 features, with the final 2 features selected for the radiomics model, that is, Original_ glszm_ SizeZoneNonUniformityNormalized and Original_ shape_ SurfaceVolumeRatio. The areas under the ROC curve of the training and the testing sets of the radiomics model were 0.863 (95%CI 0.815-0.912) and 0.857 (95%CI 0.783-0.932), respectively. The sensitivity was 91.7% and 73.7%, the specificity was 78.8% and 84.0%, and the accuracy was 85.3% and 78.4%, respectively. Conclusion    There are differences in radiomics features between invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma with or without micropapillary and solid structures, and the radiomics model is demonstrated to be with good diagnostic value.

18.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 149-154, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006381

ABSTRACT

@#The functional health and stability of the oral and maxillofacial system is one of the basic goals of orthodontic treatment. Currently, it is believed that, in general, the condyle is located in the center of the joint fossa when the mandible is in an intercuspal position (ICP) in healthy normal people. At this time, the function of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is stable. Due to orthodontic tooth movement and subsequent occlusal changes, patients with malocclusion may experience related remodeling of the temporomandibular joint, especially changes in the position of the condyle. The position of the mandibular condyle is traditionally evaluated using a condylar position indicator. However, this method lacks consistency in obtaining condylar position changes. In recent years, in the clinical application of orthodontic treatment, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) has become the first choice for examination. CBCT can accurately measure the interarticular space and determine changes in condylar position. This article reviews the CBCT assessment of condylar position and related research on condylar position changes in patients with malocclusion before and after orthodontic treatment. The literature review results indicate that there are differences in the condylar position of patients with different malocclusions, and the condylar position may also change before and after orthodontic treatment. With a lower radiation dose, CBCT has higher accuracy in evaluating the condylar position in patients with malocclusion who undergo orthodontic treatment, thus promoting further study of the mechanism of condylar position changes in patients with malocclusion in the future and providing more accurate and personalized guidance for patient treatment.

19.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 116-122, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006356

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Exploring the position and bone wall thickness characteristics of the maxillary central incisors in Southern Chinese adults to provide a clinical reference for the design of immediate maxillary central incisor implantation surgery.@*Methods@#The hospital ethics committee approved the study, and the patients provided informed consent. CBCT images of 990 adult patients (aged 20-79 years) from the Stomatology Hospital (January 2018 to December 2021) were categorized based on the dental arch form and age-sex groups. Sagittal CBCT images of the maxillary central incisors were used to measure the labial and palatal bone thickness wall at 4 mm the CEJ to apical, the middle of the root, and the angle between the tooth long axis and the long axis of the alveolar process, to compare the thickness of the labial and palatal bone walls in samples of male and female patients, and to explore the relationship between the angle between the tooth long axis and the alveolar process long axis in samples of male and female patients in different age groups (20-39 years; 40-59 years; 60-79 years).@*Results@#Significant differences were found in the labiopalatine side of the alveolar bone of the maxillary incisor root position. A total of 95.8% (948/990) of the maxillary incisors were positioned more buccally, 4.1% (41/990) were positioned more midway, and 0.1% (1/990) were positioned more palatally. The thicknesses of the bone wall at the CEJ of 4 mm below the palatal side, the middle of the root, and at the apex were greater (1.82 ± 0.56 mm, 3.20 ± 1.10 mm, and 7.70 ± 2.00 mm, respectively) than those at the labial side (1.21 ± 0.32 mm, 0.89 ± 0.35 mm, and 1.86 ± 0.82 mm, respectively), with statistical significance (P<0.05). Male bone wall thickness was generally greater than female bone wall thickness (P<0.05). The angle between the long axis of male teeth and the alveolar bone was 14.77° ± 5.66°, while that of female teeth was 12.80° ± 5.70°, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). The angle between the long axis of teeth and the alveolar bone in the 40-59-year-old group and the 60-79-year-old group was greater than that in the 20-39-year-old group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#A total of 95.8% of adults in South China have maxillary central incisors with root deviation toward the labial bone cortex. The thickness of the labial bone wall is much thinner than that of the labial bone wall, which is the middle of the thickness of the root. In Southern Chinese adults, the angle between the upper central incisor and the long axis of the alveolar bone in males is greater than that in females, and the degree of the angle increases with age. It is recommended to pay attention to the thickness of the bone wall around the root and the angle between the teeth before immediate implantation surgery to choose a reasonable implantation plan.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 171-181, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005377

ABSTRACT

Orbital disorders include conditions originating from the orbital bones, surrounding tissues, and post-orbital septum. They also include systemic ailments affecting the orbit. Different clinical symptoms make up the complex range of orbital disorders. Because these disorders mostly impact the orbital area instead of the intraocular compartment, there is little diagnostic usefulness for typical ophthalmic visual tests. As such, the primary instruments for diagnosing and evaluating orbital illnesses have become ophthalmic imaging modalities, including ocular ultrasonography(B-scan), computed tomography(CT), and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI). One way to improve the precision and promptness of diagnosing orbital diseases is to standardize the functioning of widely used imaging equipment and define the radiological features of orbital abnormalities. Such programs are crucial for the care of patients with orbital disorders since they considerably reduce the number of misdiagnoses and missed diagnoses in these individuals. The underlying concepts, operational techniques, and normal and pathological imaging findings associated with common diagnostic tools for orbital illnesses are all thoroughly reviewed in this guideline. The objective is to improve primary healthcare settings' diagnostic competence in the field of orbital pathology and to standardize procedures for diagnosing orbital disorders.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL