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1.
Pediatr. (Asunción) ; 49(2)ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386696

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La intergeneracionalidad nutricional es reconocida como uno de los factores que influye en el aumento de la prevalencia de obesidad, principalmente a través de generaciones maternas. Poco se conoce sobre esta situación en nuestro país. Objetivo: evaluar la correlación del índice de masa corporal (IMC) y la circunferencia de cintura (CC) de niñas y adolescentes con su ascendencia femenina hasta la tercera generación durante los meses de julio a setiembre del 2019. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio analítico de corte transversal en 98 tríos (niñas y adolescentes, madres y abuelas maternas). Se recolectaron datos antropométricos de los tríos (peso, talla y CC). Se realizaron correlaciones entre: el IMC de la madre y la abuela con el puntaje Z del IMC/E de las niñas y adolescentes y la CC de la madre con las niñas y adolescentes. Se aplicó el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Investigación aprobada por Comité de Ética (Dictamen 460/19). Resultados: en promedio las niñas y adolescentes tuvieron 10,1±1,1 años, 0,8±1,6 DE puntaje Z IMC/Edad y 69,5±9,7 cm de CC; las madres tenían 37,4±6,8 años, 13 años de escolaridad, 28,8±7,3 kg/m2 de IMC y 92,1±13,4 cm de CC; y las abuelas 64,9±10,8 años, 7 años de escolaridad y 28,7±6,9 kg/m2 de IMC (Sobrepeso). La correlación del IMC de la madre con el puntaje Z de las niñas y adolescentes fue r: 0,2937 (p0,05). La correlación de CC entre madre-niña fue r: 0,264, (p<0,05). Conclusión: el IMC y la CC de las niñas y adolescentes se correlaciona con el IMC y CC de las madres, pero su potencia no es muy fuerte. Las hijas de madres obesas tienen mayor IMC medido por puntaje Z.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Nutritional intergenerationality is recognized as one of the factors that influences the increase in obesity prevalence, mainly through maternal generations. Little is known about this situation in our country. Objective: to evaluate the correlation of the body mass index (BMI) and the waist circumference (WC) of girls and adolescents compared to their female ancestry up to the third generation during the months of July to September 2019. Materials and methods: This was an analytical, cross-sectional study of 98 trios (girls and adolescents, maternal mothers and grandmothers). Anthropometric data of the trios (weight, height and WC) were collected. Correlations were made between: the BMI of the mother and the grandmother with the Z score of the BMI/E of the girls and adolescents and the WC of the mother with the girls and adolescents. Pearson's correlation coefficient was applied. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee (Approval # 460/19). Results: On average, the girls and adolescents were 10.1±1.1 years old, had a BMI/Age Z score of 0.8±1.6 SD and a WC of 69.5±9.7 cm; the mothers were 37.4±6.8 years old, had 13 years of schooling, BMI 28.8±7.3 kg/m2 and WC 92.1±13.4 cm; and the grandmothers 64.9±10.8 years, had 7 years of schooling and 28.7±6.9 kg/m2 BMI (Overweight). The correlation of the BMI of the mother with the Z score of the girls and adolescents was r: 0.2937 (p0.05). The WC correlation between mother and girl was r: 0.264, (p<0.05). Conclusion: The BMI and WC of girls and adolescents correlate with the BMI and WC of mothers, but its power is not very strong. The daughters of obese mothers have higher BMI measured by Z score.

2.
Univ. salud ; 24(2): 135-143, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377462

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El aumento del uso de teléfono celular y la baja actividad física en universitarios se han asociado a un bajo rendimiento académico. Objetivo: Analizar la relación entre tiempo de uso del teléfono celular, el nivel de actividad física y rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de alcance correlacional y temporalidad longitudinal. Participaron 36 estudiantes universitarios, a quienes se evaluó durante un semestre, el tiempo que destinaron al uso de teléfono celular, a través de la aplicación "Moment" y la actividad física mediante la aplicación "Pacer". Se registró el rendimiento académico con el promedio de notas. Resultados: Durante el semestre, los hombres realizaron mayor actividad física y utilizaron por mayor tiempo el teléfono. En periodos de evaluación, las mujeres tuvieron mayor actividad física y menor uso del teléfono celular (p=0,019 y p=0,033, respectivamente). Además, los hombres que tuvieron mejores notas promedio hacían un menor número de pickups diarios (p=0,032). Conclusiones: Los hombres universitarios son físicamente más activos y usan más el celular durante el semestre, aunque en periodo de evaluaciones las mujeres tienden a ser más activas y usar menos tiempo su celular. Los universitarios que usan menos el teléfono celular tienen mejor rendimiento académico.


Abstract Introduction: Low academic performance of college students has been associated with an increase in time spent on cell phones and a low physical activity. Objective: To analyze the relationship between time spent on cell phones, physical activity level, and academic performance in college students. Materials and methods: A study with a correlational and longitudinal temporality approach. During a semester, 36 college students were assessed on the time they spent using cell phones and their physical activity levels through the Moment and Pacer applications, respectively. Academic performance was monitored through report cards. Results: Men engaged in more physical activity and used cell phones more frequently during the analyzed period, while women showed higher physical activity levels and lower cell phone usage during evaluation periods (p=0.019 y p=0.033, respectively). Also, men who had better grade averages showed lower number of daily pickups (p=0.032). Conclusions: College men show higher physical activity levels and longer cell phone usage during the semester, while women tend to be more active and use their cell phones less frequently during evaluation periods. College students who use cell phones less regularly also have a better academic performance.

3.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389694

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: el estudio citológico por punción ecoguiada se caracteriza por ser rápido, confiable, mínimamente invasivo y rentable. Permite reducir procedimientos quirúrgicos innecesarios y clasifica apropiadamente a los pacientes con nódulos sospechosos o malignos para una intervención quirúrgica oportuna. Objetivo: el objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar la correlación citológica-anatomopatológica del sistema Bethesda en un centro universitario (Hospital de Clínicas) de Uruguay. Metodología: se realizó un estudio de tipo observacional, retrospectivo, descriptivo, basado el análisis de historias clínicas de pacientes sometidos a cirugía tiroidea en el Hospital de Clínicas, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2008 y diciembre de 2018. Resultados: del total inicial de 119 pacientes, 93 cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. El rango de edad de la muestra fue entre 15 y 79 años. Del total de puncionados 49,5% (46) fueron informados como benignos y 50,5% (47) como malignos. Se calculó en forma global una sensibilidad de 96% (0,96) con IC 1,0-0,90, especificidad de 98% (0,97) con IC 1,0-0,93, un VPP de 98% y VPN de 96%. La sensibilidad diagnóstica para la categoría IV, V y VI fue de 96%, con una especificidad de 100, 94 y 100% respectivamente. Conclusiones: el sistema Bethesda aplicado a las PAAF de nódulos tiroideos potencia la certeza diagnóstica y asiste en la decisión terapéutica. En nuestra institución contamos con una buena correlación citopatológica, similar a otros trabajos reportados en la literatura, lo que permite predecir adecuadamente el riesgo de malignidad y facilitar la toma de decisiones.


Summary: Introduction: the ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) study is characterized by being fast, reliable, minimally invasive, and cost-effective. It reduces unnecessary surgical procedures and appropriately classifies patients with suspicious or malignant nodules for timely surgical intervention. Objective: the objective of this study is to evaluate the cytological-pathological correlation of the Bethesda System in a university center (Hospital de Clínicas) in Uruguay. Methodology: an observational, retrospective, descriptive study was carried out, based on the analysis of medical records of patients undergoing thyroid surgery at the Hospital de Clínicas, in the period between January 2008 and December 2018. Results: of the initial total of 119 patients, 93 met the inclusion criteria. The age range of the sample was between 15 and 79 years. Of the total of punctured, 49.5% (46) were reported as benign and 50.5% (47) as malignant. A sensitivity of 96% (0.96) with CI 1.0-0.90, specificity of 98% (0.97) with CI 1.0-0.93, a PPV of 98% and NPV of 96%. The diagnostic sensitivity for categories IV, V and VI was 96% with a specificity of 100, 94 and 100% respectively. Conclusions: the Bethesda system applied to FNA of thyroid nodules enhances diagnostic certainty and assists in the therapeutic decision. In our institution we have a good cytopathological correlation, similar to other works reported in the literature. This makes it possible to adequately predict the risk of malignancy and facilitate decision-making.


Resumo: Introdução: o estudo citológico por punção guiada por ultrassom caracteriza-se por ser rápido, confiável, minimamente invasivo e de baixo custo. Permite reduzir procedimentos cirúrgicos desnecessários e classificar adequadamente pacientes com nódulos suspeitos ou malignos para intervenção cirúrgica oportuna. Objetivo: avaliar a correlação citológico-patológica do Sistema Bethesda em um centro universitário (Hospital de Clínicas) no Uruguai. Metodologia: foi realizado um estudo observacional, retrospectivo, descritivo, baseado na análise de prontuários de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de tireoide no Hospital de Clínicas, no período janeiro de 2008-dezembro de 2018. Resultados: do total inicial de 119 pacientes, 93 preencheram os critérios de inclusão. A faixa etária da amostra foi entre 15 e 79 anos. Do total de punções, 49,5% (46) foram relatadas como benignas e 50,5% (47) como malignas. No geral, uma sensibilidade de 96% (0,96) com IC 1,0-0,90, uma especificidade de 98% (0,97) com IC 1,0-0,93, um VPP de 98% e VPN de 96%. A sensibilidade diagnóstica para as categorias IV, V e VI foi de 96% com especificidade de 100, 94 e 100%, respectivamente. Conclusões: o sistema Bethesda aplicado à PAAF de nódulos tireoidianos aumenta a certeza diagnóstica e auxilia na decisão terapêutica. Em nossa instituição temos uma boa correlação citopatológica, semelhante a outros trabalhos relatados na literatura. Isso permite prever adequadamente o risco de malignidade e facilitar a tomada de decisão.

4.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(5,supl.1): 1-6, May 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393942

ABSTRACT

Abstract Training of neurologists for the near future is a challenge due to the likely advances in neuroscientific methods, which will change much of our knowledge on diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases. Objective: to comment on what may be more likely to be a constant in the very near future and to recommend how to prepare the neurologist for the 21st century. Methods: through a critical review of recent articles on the teaching of Neurology, to present a personal view on the subject. Results: Diagnostic methods and therapeutic resources in Neurology will be greatly improved, but the central core of teaching young neurologists will continue to be the clinical/anatomical correlation. The neurologist must be prepared to be the primary physician in the care of patients with neurological disorders, although the roles of consultant and clinical neuroscientist must also be considered. In addition to technical knowledge, the neurologist must be prepared to discuss not only distressing issues related to the specialty, such as the risks of genetic diseases for family members of their patients, the inexorable progression of some diseases and the need for palliative care, but also problems not directly related to Neurology that cause anxiety and depression in the patient or that are the main reason for the initial consultation. Conclusion: neurology will be an even more important area of medicine and the neurologist must be well prepared to be the primary doctor to diagnose, treat and follow the patient with neurological disorders. In addition to technical knowledge, training in doctor-patient relations should be highlighted.


Resumo A formação do neurologista para o futuro próximo é um desafio devido aos prováveis avanços nos métodos da neurociência, que mudarão muito do nosso conhecimento sobre diagnóstico e tratamento de doenças neurológicas. Objetivo: comentar o que pode ser mais constante no futuro próximo e propor como preparar o neurologista para o século XXI. Métodos: por meio de uma revisão crítica de artigos recentes sobre o ensino da Neurologia, apresentar uma visão pessoal sobre o assunto. Resultados: Os métodos diagnósticos e os recursos terapêuticos em Neurologia serão muito aprimorados, mas o núcleo central do ensino de jovens neurologistas continuará sendo a correlação clínico-anatômica. O neurologista deve estar preparado para ser o médico principal no atendimento de pacientes com distúrbios neurológicos, embora os papéis de consultor e neurocientista clínico também devam ser considerados. Além do conhecimento técnico, o neurologista deve estar preparado para discutir não apenas questões angustiantes relacionadas à especialidade, como os riscos de doenças genéticas para os familiares de seus pacientes, a progressão inexorável de algumas doenças e a indicação de cuidados paliativos, mas também problemas não diretamente relacionados à Neurologia que causam ansiedade e depressão no paciente ou que são a principal causa da consulta. Conclusão: a neurologia será uma área ainda mais importante da medicina e o neurologista deve estar bem-preparado para ser o médico principal para diagnosticar, tratar e acompanhar o paciente com distúrbios neurológicos. Além do conhecimento técnico, a formação humanística deve ter destaque.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 745-757, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To sy stematically evaluate the relations hip between immune-related adverse events (irAEs) and efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC),and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical application of ICIs and safety evaluation. METHODS PubMed,Embase,Cochrane Library , Web of Science ,CNKI,Wanfang database ,VIP and CBM were searched to collect prospective or retrospective cohort studies on the correlation between irAEs and efficacy of ICIs in the treatment of NSCLC. The retrieval time was from the inception to June 30th,2021. After literature screening and data extraction ,Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to evaluate the quality of included literatures. Meta-analysis and publication bias analysis were performed by using RevMan 5.3 software;Stata 15.0 software was used for sensitivity analysis. RESULTS A total of 7 957 patients were included in 31 studies. Meta-analysis showed that the objective response rate (ORR)[RR=2.34,95%CI(1.98,2.76),P<0.000 01],progression-free survival (PFS)[HR=0.49,95%CI (0.44,0.55),P<0.000 01] and overall survival (OS)[HR=0.45,95%CI(0.39,0.53),P<0.000 01] of irAEs group as well as ORR[RR=1.88,95%CI(1.57,2.25),P<0.000 01],PFS [HR =0.59,95%CI(0.50,0.69),P<0.000 01] and OS [HR =0.58,95%CI (0.48,0.70),P<0.000 01] of this group at 6th week were all significantly higher or longer than non irAEs group. According to organ specificity ,severity and quantity of irAEs,subgroup analysis showed that skin ,gastrointestinal and endocrine system ,mild irAEs(grade 1-2)and one or more than 2 kinds of irAEs were significantly correlated with the improvement of PFS and OS (P< 0.05),while liver and lung ,severe irAEs(≥ grade 3)were not significantly correlated with the improvement of PFS and com OS (P>0.05). Sensitivity analysis results showed that the results of the above-mentione d meta-analysis were relatively robust. The results of publication bias showed that there was may be some possibility of publication bias in this study. CONCLUSIONS For NSCLC patients treated with ICIS ,the occurrence of irAEs may be related to their good prognosis. The irAEs may be a predictor of the efficacy of ICIs.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 693-698, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the sp ectrum-effect relationship of anti-gastric ulcer effect of Shaoyao gancao decoction. METHODS Eleven batches of Shaoyao gancao decoction were prepared ;gastric ulcer model was established by anhydrous ethanol modeling method. Using Weikangling as positive control ,the effects of Shaoyao gancao decoction on the contents of defensive factors [nitric oxide (NO),epidermal growth factor (EGF),superoxide dismutase (SOD)] and attack factor [malondialdehyde (MDA)] in gastric tissue of model rats were investigated. HPLC fingerprints of 11 batches of Shaoyao gancao decoction were established and similarity evaluation was performed with Similarity Evaluation System of Traditional Chinese Medicine Chromatographic Fingerprint (2004A edition ); common peaks were identified by comparing with mixed control. The spectrum-effect relationship of Shaoyao gancao decoction against gastric ulcer was analyzed based on the grey correlation analysis. RESULTS Eleven batches of Shaoyao ganyao decoction could significantly decrease the content of MDA in gastric tissue ,while increased the contents of NO ,EGF and SOD in gastric ulcer model rats (P<0.01),and had a certain inhibitory effect on the gastric ulcer. There were 23 common peaks in chromatograms of 11 batches of samples ,and the similarity with the control fingerprint was not less than 0.9. By comparing with mixed control ,7 common peaks were identified ,namely gallic acid (peak 5),albiflorin(peak 9),paeoniflorin(peak 10),liquiritin(peak 12),isoliquiritin apioside (peak 14),isoliquiritoside(peak 15), glycyrrhizic acid (peak 22). The average correlation degree of 7 identified common peaks and pharmacodynamic indexes were greater than 0.6,of which peak 22(glycyrrhizic acid ),peak 10(paeoniflorin)and peak 12(liquiritin)had the largest correlation , and their values were 0.807,0.772 and 0.770 respectively. RESULTS The anti-gastric ulcer effect of Shaoyao gancao decoction is the result of the synergistic effect of multiple components ,among which glycyrrhizic acid ,paeoniflorin and liquiritin may be the main pharmacodynamic components.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920371

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of air pollutants PM2.5, PM10, SO2, CO, and NO2, and their effects on acute cerebrovascular diseases in Jining City. Methods The data of patients with acute cerebrovascular disease treated in a 3A hospital in Jining from October 1, 2017, to November 31, 2019, were retrospectively collected. Combined with the air pollution data of 29 air quality monitoring stations in Jining City, the Kriging interpolation model was used to analyze the overall situation of air pollution in Jining. On this basis, the relationship between air pollution and acute cerebrovascular diseases in Jining City was analyzed. Results In Jining City, the incidence of acute cerebrovascular disease in male was higher than that in female, and the incidence in rural areas was significantly higher than that in urban areas. The spatial distribution showed a trend of gradual accumulation from southeast to northwest. The daily average concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 were higher in winter and spring than in summer and autumn. The results of Kriging interpolation analysis showed that the concentrations of these air pollutants formed aggregation points in varying degrees. The spatial distribution of acute cerebrovascular disease patients in Jining City was highly consistent with the spatial distribution of air pollutant concentrations. Spearman correlation analysis showed that CO, SO2, and NO2 were positively correlated with the incidence of acute cerebrovascular disease, while the correlation between PM2.5 and PM10 and the incidence of acute cerebrovascular disease was not significant. Conclusion Some air pollutants such as CO, SO2, and NO2 have a positive correlation with the incidence of acute cerebrovascular disease, and the prevalence has a certain population and regional distribution. In the future work of cerebrovascular disease prevention, personal protection should be done according to local conditions and living environment of specific people.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 326-338, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929297

ABSTRACT

Changes in structure of oral solid dosage forms (OSDF) elementally determine the drug release and its therapeutic effects. In this research, synchrotron radiation X-ray micro-computed tomography was utilized to visualize the 3D structure of enteric coated pellets recovered from the gastrointestinal tract of rats. The structures of pellets in solid state and in vitro compendium media were measured. Pellets in vivo underwent morphological and structural changes which differed significantly from those in vitro compendium media. Thus, optimizations of the dissolution media were performed to mimic the appropriate in vivo conditions by introducing pepsin and glass microspheres in media. The sphericity, pellet volume, pore volume and porosity of the in vivo esomeprazole magnesium pellets in stomach for 2 h were recorded 0.47, 1.55 × 108 μm3, 0.44 × 108 μm3 and 27.6%, respectively. After adding pepsin and glass microspheres, the above parameters in vitro reached to 0.44, 1.64 × 108 μm3, 0.38 × 108 μm3 and 23.0%, respectively. Omeprazole magnesium pellets behaved similarly. The structural features of pellets between in vitro media and in vivo condition were bridged successfully in terms of 3D structures to ensure better design, characterization and quality control of advanced OSDF.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc in acute T lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL), aiming to provide evidence for the diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 96 T-ALL patients who were diagnosed and treated in People's Hospital of Zhengzhou from June 2014 to June 2017 were selected, and 69 healthy volunteers who had a physical examination were selected as control group in the same period. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the expression levels of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in each group. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the survival of T-ALL patients and correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc with prognosis. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc with disease risk.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of miR-211 mRNA, miR-155 mRNA, and C-myc mRNA in T-ALL group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01), those in non-remission group were higher than those in remission group (P<0.01), and those in high-risk group were also higher than those in low-risk group and intermediate-risk group (P<0.01). The survival time of T-ALL patients with low miR-211 expression was longer than that with high miR-211 expression (P<0.01), that with low miR-155 expression was longer than that with high miR-155 expression (P<0.01), and that with low C-myc expression was also longer than that with high C-myc expression (P<0.01). The high expression of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc was linearly positively correlated with high risk of disease (r=0.749, 0.781, 0.804).@*CONCLUSION@#The expressions of miR-211, miR-155, and C-myc are up-regulated in T-ALL patients, closely related to prognosis, and linearly positively correlated with disease risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/genetics , RNA, Messenger
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928710

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the expression level of serum homocysteine (Hcy) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism in patients with hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease, and analyze the relationship between serum Hcy level, MTHFR gene polymorphism and coronary heart disease.@*METHODS@#The medical records of 80 patients with coronary heart disease who completed treatment of hematological diseases during the period from March 2018 to March 2020 were selected as observation group. In addition, the medical records of 92 patients with hematological diseases who completed treatment in our hospital during the same period were selected as control group. Venous blood samples of the two groups were collected to detect serum Hcy level and MTHFR gene polymorphism. The serum Hcy levels of the two groups with different MTHFR genotypes were compared, and the effects of the above indicators on hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The detection rates of MTHFR gene TT and TC in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, while the distribution frequency of MTHFR genotype CC was lower (P<0.05). The serum Hcy levels of the patients with MTHFR genotype TT and TC in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that MTHFR gene TC/CC genotype serum Hcy overexpression may be influencing factor which induced coronary heart disease in patients with hematological diseases (OR=2.107/OR=1.634, P<0.05). ROC curves showed that the AUC of serum Hcy level of MTHFR gene TC/CC genotype and hematological disease complicated with coronary heart disease were both > 0.8. When MTHFR gene TC reaching the optimal threshold of 22.165 μmol/L, the sensitivity was 0.950 and the specificity was 0.837, While MTHFR gene CC reached the optimal threshold of 19.630 μmol/L, the sensitivity was 0.938 and the specificity was 0.826, the best predictive value could be obtained.@*CONCLUSION@#The changes of serum Hcy and MTHFR gene polymorphisms may be involved in the pathological process in patients with hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease. In the future, early detection of serum Hcy levels and MTHFR gene polymorphisms in patients with hematological diseases can be used to predict the risk of coronary heart disease.


Subject(s)
Coronary Disease/genetics , Genotype , Hematologic Diseases/complications , Homocysteine , Humans , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the application of three-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging in evaluating left ventricular systolic function and its correlation with peripheral arterial elasticity in children with simple obesity.@*METHODS@#Random sampling combined with convenience sampling was used to obtain research samples, and then the samples were divided into an obesity group (23 cases), an overweight group (21 cases), and a normal group (24 cases). Three-dimensional speckle-tracking imaging was used to measure the global longitudinal strain (GLS), global radial strain (GRS), and global circumferential strain (GCS) of the left ventricle. An automatic arteriosclerosis tester was used to measure ankle-brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). These parameters were compared among the three groups. The correlation of three-dimensional speckle-tracking parameters with ABI and baPWV was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in GLS, GRS, and GCS between the obesity and normal groups (P>0.05). The overweight group had a significantly higher GLS than the normal group [(-24±7) vs (-19±12), P<0.05]. The obesity and overweight groups had a significantly lower ABI than the normal group [(1.00±0.09)/(1.09±0.13) vs (2.25±0.13), P<0.05). The obesity group had a significantly higher baPWV than the normal group [(978±109) vs (905±22), P<0.05]. In the children with obesity, GLS was positively correlated with baPWV (r=0.516, P<0.05) , but not correlated with ABI (P>0.05), and GCS and GRS had no significant correlation with ABI or baPWV (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are varying degrees of changes in left ventricular systolic function and peripheral arterial elasticity in children with simple obesity, and there is a certain correlation between them.


Subject(s)
Ankle Brachial Index , Child , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods , Elasticity , Humans , Obesity , Overweight , Prospective Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928218

ABSTRACT

Working memory is an important foundation for advanced cognitive function. The paper combines the spatiotemporal advantages of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to explore the neurovascular coupling mechanism of working memory. In the data analysis, the convolution matrix of time series of different trials in EEG data and hemodynamic response function (HRF) and the blood oxygen change matrix of fNIRS are extracted as the coupling characteristics. Then, canonical correlation analysis (CCA) is used to calculate the cross correlation between the two modal features. The results show that CCA algorithm can extract the similar change trend of related components between trials, and fNIRS activation of frontal pole region and dorsolateral prefrontal lobe are correlated with the delta, theta, and alpha rhythms of EEG data. This study reveals the mechanism of neurovascular coupling of working memory, and provides a new method for fusion of EEG data and fNIRS data.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography/methods , Memory, Short-Term , Neurovascular Coupling/physiology , Prefrontal Cortex , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared/methods
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928196

ABSTRACT

Transfer learning is provided with potential research value and application prospect in motor imagery electroencephalography (MI-EEG)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) rehabilitation system, and the source domain classification model and transfer strategy are the two important aspects that directly affect the performance and transfer efficiency of the target domain model. Therefore, we propose a parameter transfer learning method based on shallow visual geometry group network (PTL-sVGG). First, Pearson correlation coefficient is used to screen the subjects of the source domain, and the short-time Fourier transform is performed on the MI-EEG data of each selected subject to acquire the time-frequency spectrogram images (TFSI). Then, the architecture of VGG-16 is simplified and the block design is carried out, and the modified sVGG model is pre-trained with TFSI of source domain. Furthermore, a block-based frozen-fine-tuning transfer strategy is designed to quickly find and freeze the block with the greatest contribution to sVGG model, and the remaining blocks are fine-tuned by using TFSI of target subjects to obtain the target domain classification model. Extensive experiments are conducted based on public MI-EEG datasets, the average recognition rate and Kappa value of PTL-sVGG are 94.9% and 0.898, respectively. The results show that the subjects' optimization is beneficial to improve the model performance in source domain, and the block-based transfer strategy can enhance the transfer efficiency, realizing the rapid and effective transfer of model parameters across subjects on the datasets with different number of channels. It is beneficial to reduce the calibration time of BCI system, which promote the application of BCI technology in rehabilitation engineering.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography/methods , Humans , Imagination , Machine Learning
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928051

ABSTRACT

In this study, we employed Q Exactive to determine the main differential metabolites of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex du-ring the "sweating" process. Further, we quantified the color parameters and determined the activities of polyphenol oxidase(PPO), peroxidase(POD), and tyrosinase of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Gray correlation analysis was performed for the color, chemical composition, and enzyme activity to reveal the effect of enzymatic reaction on the color of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during the "sweating" process. Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex sweating in different manners showed similar metabolite changes. The primary metabolites that changed significantly included amino acids, nucleotides, and sugars, and the secondary metabolites with significant changes were phenols and phenylpropanoids. Despite the different sweating methods, eleven compounds were commonly up-regulated, including L-glutamic acid, acetylarginine, hypoxanthine, and xanthine; six compounds were commonly down-re-gulated, including L-arginine, L-aspartic acid, and phenylalanine. The brightness value(L~*), red-green value(a~*), and yellow-blue value(b~*) of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex kept decreasing during the "sweating" process. The changes in the activities of PPO and POD during sweating were consistent with those in the color parameter values. The gray correlation analysis demonstrated that the main differential metabolites such as amino acids and phenols were closely related to the color parameters L~*, a~* and b~*; POD was correlated with amino acids and phenols; PPO had strong correlation with phenols. The results indicated that the color change of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating" was closely related to the reactions of enzymes dominated by PPO and POD. The study analyzed the correlations among the main differential metabolites, color parameters, and enzyme activities of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex in the "sweating" process. It reveals the common law of material changes and ascertains the relationship between color changes and enzymatic reactions of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex during "sweating". Therefore, this study provides a reference for studying the "sweating" mechanism of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex and is of great significance to guarantee the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Magnolia/chemistry , Quality Control , Sweating
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928013

ABSTRACT

The present study established the spectrum-effect relationship model of flavonoids in Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium(CRP) from 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction and statistically analyzed the correlation between chemical peaks and efficacy to identify the main effective components. HPLC fingerprints of flavonoids in CRP from 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction were established. HPLC analysis was carried out on the Venusil XBP C_(18)(L) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) at 30 ℃ with acetonitrile-water(containing 0.1% formic acid) as mobile phase for gradient elution, a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min~(-1), and detection wavelength of 300 nm to obtain chemical fingerprints. Additionally, the effects of flavonoids from CRP in 15 batches of Liujunzi Decoction on the content of GAS, MTL, and VIP, TFF3 mRNA expression, and percentage of CD3~+ T-cells of model rats with spleen deficiency were determined. The spectrum-effect relationship model was established by gray correlation analysis. The results showed that the main characteristic peaks with great contribution to the regulation of gastrointestinal tract were peak 16(vicenin-2), peak 63(sinensetin), peak 64(isosinensetin), peak 65(nobiletin), peak 67(3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptemthoxyflavone), peak 68(tangeretin), and peak 69(5-desmethylnobiletin). Therefore, there was a linear correlation between flavonoids from CRP in Liujunzi Decoction and the efficacy, and the medicinal effect was achieved by multi-component action. This study is expected to provide a new idea for exploring the material basis of the effect, i.e., regulating qi prior to replenishing qi, of CRP in Liujunzi Decoction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Citrus/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Hormones , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Rats , Spleen
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 55: e12072, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384151

ABSTRACT

Constitutional genomic imbalances are known to cause malformations, disabilities, neurodevelopmental delay, and dysmorphia and can lead to dysfunctions in the cell cycle. In extremely rare genetic conditions such as small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC), it is important to understand the cellular consequences of this extra marker, as well the factors that contribute to their maintenance or elimination through successive cell cycles and phenotypic impact. The study of chromosomal mosaicism provides a natural model to characterize the effect of aneuploidy on genome stability and compare cells with the same genetic background and environment exposure, but differing in the presence of sSMC. Here, we report the functional characterization of different cell lines from two familial patients with mosaic sSMC derived from chromosome 12. We performed studies of proliferation dynamics, stability, and variability of these cells using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), sister chromatid exchanges (SCE), and conventional staining. We also quantified the telomere-related genomic instability of sSMC cells using 3D telomeric profile analysis by quantitative-FISH. sSMC cells exhibited differences in the cell cycle dynamics compared to normal cells. First, the sSMC cells exhibited lower proliferation index and higher frequency of SCE than normal cells, associated with a higher level of chromosomal instability. Second, sSMC cells exhibited more telomeric-related genomic instability. Lastly, the differences of sSMC cells distribution among tissues could explain different phenotypic repercussions observed in patients. These results will help in our understanding of the sSMC stability, maintenance during cell cycle, and the cell cycle variables involved in the different phenotypic manifestations.

17.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 25(supl.1): e220006, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387848

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the correlation between colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality rates and socioeconomic factors in the five mesoregions (North, Northeast, Southeast, Southwest and Center-South) of the state of Mato Grosso, from 2005 to 2016. Methods: Ecological study that considered deaths from CRC (C18 to C21) of residents of the state. Mortality rates were standardized by the direct method, using the world standard population. For the analysis of socioeconomic factors, the Firjan Municipal Development Index (IFDM) and its components (education, income and employment and health) were used. Means of mortality rates and socioeconomic factors between the mesoregions were tested using ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient was used to analyze the correlation between mortality rates due to CRC and these factors. Results: In the period from 2005 to 2016, 1,492 deaths from CRC were registered in the state of Mato Grosso. The Southwest mesoregion had the highest average for both the crude rate and standardized CRC mortality rates (3.47 and 3.86 deaths/100,000 inhabitants, respectively). There was a significant correlation between mortality rates from the disease with the following indicators: Overall IFDM for the North, Southeast and Center-South mesoregions; education for the North and Southeast mesoregions; income and employment for the North and Center-South mesoregions; and health for the North, Southeast and Center-South mesoregions. Conclusion: There was a correlation between CRC mortality rates and better socioeconomic development in the state.


RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar a correlação entre as taxas de mortalidade por câncer colorretal (CCR) e os fatores socioeconômicos nas cinco mesorregiões (norte, nordeste, sudeste, sudoeste e centro-sul) do estado de Mato Grosso, de 2005 a 2016. Métodos: Estudo ecológico que considerou os óbitos por CCR (C18 a C21) de residentes do estado. As taxas de mortalidade foram padronizadas pelo método direto, utilizando-se a população padrão mundial. Para a análise dos fatores socioeconômicos, foram usados o Índice Firjan de Desenvolvimento Municipal Geral (IFDM) e seus componentes (educação; renda e emprego; saúde). Foram testadas as médias das taxas de mortalidade e dos fatores socioeconômicos entre as mesorregiões por meio da análise de variância (ANOVA), e empregou-se o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson para análise da correlação entre as taxas de mortalidade por CCR e esses fatores. Resultados: No período de 2005 a 2016, foram registrados 1.492 óbitos por CCR no estado de Mato Grosso. A mesorregião com a maior média tanto da taxa bruta quanto da taxa padronizada de mortalidade por CCR foi a sudoeste (3,47 e 3,86 óbitos/100 mil habitantes). Houve correlação significante entre as taxas de mortalidade por CCR com os seguintes indicadores: IFDM geral para as mesorregiões norte, sudeste e centro-sul; educação para as mesorregiões norte e sudeste; renda e emprego para as mesorregiões norte e centro-sul; e saúde para as mesorregiões norte, sudeste e centro-sul. Conclusão: Houve correlação da taxa de mortalidade de CCR com melhor desenvolvimento socioeconômico no estado.

18.
Saúde Soc ; 31(2): e190667pt, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1390332

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo investiga relações entre a incidência de câncer de colo de útero (ICC) e os componentes e indicadores de qualidade da água nos municípios do Mato Grosso do Sul, entre 2014 e 2017, por correlação estatística (Determinante de Pearson) e espacial (agrupamentos por k-médias). Houve maior resposta estatística de ICC em relação à tarifa média dos serviços de abastecimento praticado (-36,28%) e de água (-34,15%); à quantidade de suas interrupções sistemáticas (28,3%) e paralizações (22,28%); ao consumo médio per capita de água (20,74%) e à quantidade de serviços executados (-17,98%), todas as respostas sob p-valor ≤ 0,001. Em Costa Rica, cidade sob maior ICC média, os agrupamentos espaciais identificaram maior efeito daquelas interrupções (z-valor = 8,741) e das paralizações (z = 7,6097); enquanto em Rochedo, também sob alta ICC, houve maior efeito à incidência de análises com resultados fora do padrão para coliformes totais (z = 8,6803) e turbidez (z = 5,7427), sob correlação estatística de 12,05% (p-valor = 0,032) e 15,18% (p-valor = 0,007), respectivamente. Dados do SISAGUA revelaram a presença de coliformes e de altos níveis de turbidez, por exemplo, em Antônio João e Tacuru, cidades sob altas ICC médias. Recomenda-se maiores investigações sobre as relações aqui apresentadas entre ICC e água.


Abstratct This article investigates relationships between the incidence of cervical cancer (CCI) and the water components and quality indicators, in the municipalities of Mato Grosso do Sul, between 2014 and 2017, by statistical (Pearson's Determinant) and spatial (k-means Clustering) correlation. There was a greater statistical response of CCI in relation to the average tariff of the practiced supply (−36.28%) and water (−34.15%) services; the number of their systematic interruptions (28.3%) and outages (22.28%); the average per capita consumption of water (20.74%); and the number of services performed (−17.98%), all answers under p-value ≤ 0.001. In Costa Rica, city with the highest average CCI, the spatial clustering identified a greater effect of those interruptions (z-value = 8.741) and outages (z = 7.6097); whereas, in Rochedo, also under high CCI, the analyses showed greater effect with non-standard results for total coliforms (z = 8.6803) and turbidity (z = 5.7427), under a statistical correlation of 12.05% (p-value = 0.032) and 15.18% (p-value = 0.007), respectively. Data from SISAGUA revealed the presence of coliforms and high levels of turbidity, for example, in Antônio João and Tacuru, cities with high average ICC. We recommend further investigation into the relationships presented here between CCI and water.

19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19753, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384012

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study is aimed to assess the compatibility of bilberry leaf powder extract (BLPE) with six excipients selected for sustained-release (SR) tablet formulation. The BLPE was obtained with the addition of L-arginine and Myo-inositol as the carriers. Thermogravimetric (TG-DTG) analysis and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), supported by Pearson correlation analysis, were applied to detect possible interactions in the binary mixtures (1:1) of the BLPE with each excipient. The TG-DTG showed some deviations in the thermal behavior of the BLPE / excipient mixtures. However, only the thermal behavior of magnesium stearate in the mixture significantly differed from individual samples, which suggested chemical interaction for this excipient. The FTIR analysis confirmed that the BLPE is compatible with Eudragit L100, Methocel K4M, Methocel K100LV, Avicel PH-101, and Plasdone S-630. Whereas it undergoes solid-state chemical interaction in the binary mixture with magnesium stearate. According to the FTIR-spectra, it is suggested that this interaction results in the formation of stearic acid and alkalization of the medium. These findings evidence for the possibility of using TG-DTG analysis as an independent thermal technique for compatibility studies and also confirm the earlier reported interaction of basic lubricants, e.g., stearic salts, with active ingredients containing amino groups.


Subject(s)
Behavior , Plant Extracts/analysis , Plant Leaves/classification , Vaccinium myrtillus/adverse effects , Vaccinium myrtillus/metabolism , Delayed-Action Preparations/analysis , Spectrum Analysis/instrumentation , Thermogravimetry/instrumentation , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared/methods
20.
Med. clín. soc ; 5(3)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386235

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las estrategias de SITA Estándar fueron aprovechadas por más de dos décadas, pero buscando aun mejorar el tiempo sin perder la calidad, se volvió a crear una nueva estrategia más corta, a la cual llamaron estrategia FASTER. Objetivo: Determinar la correlación entre las estrategias SITA Estándar 24 -2 y SITA Faster 24 -2 para evaluar el daño campimétrico en pacientes con Glaucoma Primario de Angulo Abierto. Metodología: Estudio observacional analítico. RESULTADOS: Se analizó 74 resultados de análisis del campo visual utilizando dos técnicas SITA Estándar 24 - 2 y SITA Faster 24 - 2. El tiempo de prueba para la estrategia SITA Estándar fue de 379,64 ± 72,75 segundos y para la estrategia SITA Faster 170,93 ± 49,17 (p<0,0001), probando una reducción de tiempo del 55% para la segunda. Los valores de desviación media, desviación patrón estándar y el índice de campo visual no mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre ambas pruebas. La Prueba de Hemicampo de glaucoma con el cálculo del índice Kappa de Cohen arroja un valor de 0,316 con un intervalo de confianza del 95 % de (0,098 - 0,534) lo que indica que es estadísticamente significativo. Discusión: Los resultados generales indican que es posible reemplazar la estrategia SITA Estándar 24 -2 con la estrategia SITA Faster 24 - 2. Este cambio será especialmente útil para aumentar la frecuencia de exámenes campimétricos, determinante para una detección más temprana de la progresión del glaucoma y así mejorar las conductas terapéuticas que se toman con los pacientes que acuden a nuestro servicio.


ABSTRACT Introduction: SITA Standard strategies were used for more than two decades, but still seeking to improve time without losing quality, a new shorter strategy was created again, which they called the FASTER strategy. Objective: To determine the correlation between the SITA Standard 24-2 and SITA Faster 24-2 strategies to evaluate the visual field damage in patients with Primary Open Angle Glaucoma. Methodology: Analytical observational study. Results: 74 visual field analysis results were analyzed using two techniques SITA Standard 24 - 2 and SITA Faster 24 - 2. The test time for the SITA Standard strategy was 379.64 ± 72.75 seconds and for the SITA strategy Faster 170.93 ± 49.17 (p <0.0001), proving a 55% time reduction for the second. The mean deviation, standard deviation and visual field index values do not show statistically significant differences between both tests. The Glaucoma Hemifield Test with the calculation of the Cohen's Kappa index gives a value of 0.316 with a 95% confidence interval of (0.098 - 0.534) which indicates that it is statistically significant. Discussion: The overall results indicate that it is possible to replace the SITA Standard 24-2 strategy with the SITA Faster 24-2 strategy. This change will be especially useful to increase the frequency of campimetric examinations. A greater frequency of examinations is important for earlier detection of glaucoma progression and thus improve the therapeutic behaviors that are taken with the patients who come to our service.

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