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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928066

ABSTRACT

Qingjin Huatan Decoction is a classic prescription with the effects of clearing heat, moistening lung, resolving phlegm, and relieving cough. In order to explore the critical quality attributes of Qingjin Huatan Decoction, we identified the blood components of Qingjin Huatan Decoction by ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) under the following conditions, chromatographic column: Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm); mobile phase: 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile(A)-0.1% formic acid in water(B); gradient elution; flow rate: 0.2 mL·min~(-1); column temperature: 30 ℃; injection volume: 5 μL. The electrospray ionization(ESI) source was used to collect data in both positive and negative ion modes under the following conditions, capillary voltage: 3 kV for the positive ion mode and 2 kV for the negative ion mode; ion source temperature: 110 ℃; cone voltage: 30 V; cone gas flow rate: 50 L·h~(-1); nitrogen degassing temperature: 350 ℃; degassing volume flow rate: 800 L·h~(-1); scanning range: m/z 50-2 000. In this experiment, a total of 66 related components of Qingjin Huatan Decoction were identified, including 22 prototype components and 44 metabolites. The results of this study preliminarily revealed the pharmacodynamic material basis of Qingjin Huatan Decoction in vivo, which has provided an experimental basis for the determination of quality markers of Qingjin Huatan Decoction and the development of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 204-212, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929226

ABSTRACT

In recent years, new preparations of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) have been developed, increasing the need for their clinical trials. Using placeboes rather than control drugs is increasingly popular in clinical trials of TCMs, as the therapeutic effects of the tested TCMs can be more properly judged. The basic attributes of TCM placeboes include similarity, safety, applicability and controllability. In particular, it is necessary to have similarities in appearance, color, smell and taste between the tested TCMs and placeboes. This is quite difficult for some TCMs due to their distinctive smell and taste. On the other hand, according to the TCM theory on homology of medicine and food, many foods also have certain bioactivities, potentially further complicating the selection of materials for TCM placeboes. In this review, firstly, studies on the special smell and taste of TCMs were introduced. Then, the preparation quality evaluation processes for TCM placeboes were summarized and discussed, based on the relevant literature published in recent years and the research results from our own lab. This review will facilitate the further research and development of TCM placeboes.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
3.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19803, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394043

ABSTRACT

Abstract The current investigation entail systematic Quality by Design (QbD)-enabled approach for the development of Sustained released embedded drug delivery systems of L-Arginine employing ionic gelation technique to attain improved patient compliance. Hence, in this QbD enabled systematic approach; quality target product profile (QTTP) was defined and critical quality attributes (CQAs) were identified. Further the risk assessment studies were undertaken through Ishikawa fish bone diagram to locate the critical material attributes (CMAs) and/or critical process parameters (CPPs) for the formulation of beads that may affect CQAs of drug product. A face centered central composite design (CCD) for two factors at three levels each with α =1 was employed for the optimization process to checkout the impact of concentration of sodium alginate and concentration of chitosan as CMAs which wereprior identified from risk assessment study and further evaluated for CQAs viz. bead size, swelling index and percent drug entrapment. The optimum formulation was embarked upon by using mathematical model being developed yielding desired CQAs. Thereby chitosan coated calcium-alginate delivery system was successfully developed by strategically employing QbD approach.In a nutshell, the presentinvestigation reports the successful development of optimized chitosan coated alginate beads employing QbD approach which can serve as a platform for other drugs too.


Subject(s)
Patient Compliance , Drug Delivery Systems , Risk Assessment/methods , Chitosan , Methods , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Calcium/adverse effects , Drug Delivery Systems , Total Quality Management , Alginates/adverse effects , Models, Theoretical
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931216

ABSTRACT

Ensuring the removal of host cell proteins (HCPs) during downstream processing of recombinant pro-teins such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) remains a challenge.Since residual HCPs might affect product stability or safety,constant monitoring is required to demonstrate their removal to be below the regulatory accepted level of 100 ng/mg.The current standard analytical approach for this procedure is based on ELISA;however,this approach only measures the overall HCP content.Therefore,the use of orthogonal methods,such as liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS),has been established,as it facilitates the quantitation of total HCPs as well as the identification and quantitation of the indi-vidual HCPs present.In the present study,a workflow for HCP detection and quantitation using an automated magnetic bead-based sample preparation,in combination with a data-independent acquisi-tion (DIA) LC-MS analysis,was established.Employing the same instrumental setup commonly used for peptide mapping analysis of mAbs allows for its quick and easy implementation into pre-existing workflows,avoiding the need for dedicated instrumentation or personnel.Thereby,quantitation of HCPs over a broad dynamic range was enabled to allow monitoring of problematic HCPs or to track changes upon altered bioprocessing conditions.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879067

ABSTRACT

Texture sensory attributes are the key items in quality control of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills. The purpose of this study is to develop a quality control method for assessing the texture sensory attributes of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills based on real-world Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin pilular masses and finished products. First, parameters of texture profile analysis(TPA) were optimized through single factor and central composite design(CCD) experiments to establish a detection method for texture sensory attri-butes of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. The results showed that the established detection method was stable and reliable, with the optimal parameters set up as follows: deformation percentage of 70%, detection speed at 30 mm·min~(-1), and interval time of 15 s. Furthermore, 540 data points yielded form six texture sensory attributes of pills from 30 batches were subjected to multivariate statistical process control(MSPC) with Hotelling T~2 and squared prediction error(SPE) control charts to establish the quality control method of Tongren Niuhuang Qingxin Pills. This study is expected to provide a reference for improving the quality control system of Chinese medicinal honeyed pills.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883485

ABSTRACT

COVID-19, a disease caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, has produced a serious emergency for global public health, placing enormous stress on national health systems in many countries. Several studies suggest that cytokine storms (interleukins) may play an important role in severe cases of COVID-19. Neutralizing key inflammatory factors in cytokine release syndrome (CRS) could therefore be of great value in reducing the mortality rate. Tocilizumab (TCZ) in its intravenous (IV) form of administration-RoActemra? 20 mg/mL (Roche)-is indicated for treatment of severe CRS patients. Preliminary in-vestigations have concluded that inhibition of IL-6 with TCZ appears to be efficacious and safe, with several ongoing clinical trials. This has led to a huge increase in demand for IV TCZ for treating severe COVID-19 patients in hospitals, which has resulted in drug shortages. Here, we present a comparability study assessing the main critical physicochemical attributes of TCZ solutions used for infusion, at 6 mg/mL and 4 mg/mL, prepared from RoActemra? 20 mg/mL (IV form) and from RoActemra? 162 mg (0.9 mL solution pre-filled syringe, subcutaneous(SC) form), to evaluate the use of the latter for preparing clinical solutions required for IV administration, so that in a situation of shortage of the IV medicine, the SC form could be used to prepare the solutions for IV delivery of TCZ. It is important to remember that during the current pandemic all the medicines are used off-label, since none of them has yet been approved for the treatment of COVID-19.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851261

ABSTRACT

Design space approach was applied to optimize the spray drying process of Shenpu Penyan Granule (SPG) based on the concept of quality by design (QbD). The yield, moisture content, the content of paeoniflorin, chlorogenic acid, polydatin and salvianolic acid B were defined as the process critical quality attributes (CQAs). Based on the Plackett-Burman design, three critical process parameters (CPPs) including inlet temperature, specific gravity, and feeding speed were identified by using the weighted standardized partial regression coefficient method. And stepwise regression method was then used to establish the mathematical model between CQAs and CPPs in the Box-Behnken design. The variance analysis results showed that the P values of the five models were less than 0.05 and the mismatch values were all greater than 0.05, indicating that the model could describe the relationship between CQAs and CPPs. Probability based design space was obtained and verified using Monte-Carlo simulation method. According to the verification results, the robustness of first ethanol precipitation process of SPG can be guaranteed by operating within the design space parameters, which helps to improve the quality uniformity between batches of phenol extracts and provides data support for industrialization production.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850869

ABSTRACT

In this paper, through the analysis of the key issues in the confirmation of the critical quality attributes (CQAs) of traditional Chinese medicine preparations, it is proposed that the determination of the CQAs should fully consider factors such as the efficacy, safety, nature of the drug substance, requirements of formulation and overall requirements of drug quality control. Complete quality control items that can characterize the properties of drugs should be extracted to provide a basis for the establishment of process control and drug quality standards.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2502-2507, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817267

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To design and optimize the formulation and technology of Theophylline hydrophilic gel matrix sustained-release tablets (self-made sustained-release tablets for short) based on the concept of “Quality by Design” (QbD). METHODS: Diluent type, tablet diameter, the property of adhesive (ratio of different adhesive types), the amount of adhesive were regarded as critical process parameters (CPPs). Similarity factor of dissolution curves of self-made Theophylline sustained-release tablets and reference preparation and its accumulative release rate at different time points were regarded as critical quality attributes (CQAs). L18(34) orthogonal tablet was adopted for design and trial, and secondary polynomial regression model was established. By using Modde 12.0 software, the design space and its acceptable range (PAR) were calculated through the optimal model. The optimal formulation and technology of Theophylline sustained-release tablets was determined, and validation test and Monte Carlo simulation verification were conducted. RESULTS: The optimal model with good coincidence, accuracy, validity and reproducibility was obtained, which could better fit the relationship between CQAs and CPPs. The design space and PAR value were obtained by further calculation (The optimum value of diluent was lactose; tablet diameter was 9.07-9.33 mm, and the optimal value was 9.20 mm; ratio of HPMC K4M to HPMC was 0.50-0.83, and the optimal value was 0.80; total amount of HPMC was 0.036 0-0.041 3 g per tablet, and the optimal value was 0.038 g per tablet). The optimal formulation and technology included that ratio of theophylline, HPMC K4M and HPMC K100M were 50%, 15.48% and 3.87%, respectively; the rest was filled with lactose and the diameter of the tablet was 9.20 mm. The results of validation confirmed that self-made Theophylline sustained-release tablets had similar in vitro release behavior compared with reference preparation. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the concept of QbD, the formulation and technology of Theophylline sustained-release tablets can meet the requirements of design, and the CPPs can be adjusted within the PAR range to meet the requirements of CQAs. This shows that the QbD concept is scientific and effective in the design and optimization of the formulation and technology of sustained and controlled release preparations.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773257

ABSTRACT

To establish and validate the design space of the Digeda-4 flavored decoction( DGD-4D) extraction process by using the quality by design( Qb D) concept. With DGD-4D decoction pieces as a model drug,with the transfer rate of aesculin,picroside I,picroside Ⅱ,geniposide and the yield of extract as critical quality attributes( CQAs),the single factor experiment design was used to determine the level of each factor; the Plackett-Burman experiment design was used to select the critical process parameters( CPPs);and the Box-Behnken experiment design was used to optimize the extraction process. The design space of the DGD-4D extraction process was established,and finally,four experimental points were selected to verify the established model. The single factor experiment determined the levels of each factor,including soaking time 60 min and 30 min,water adding volume 12 times and 8 times,extraction time 90 min and 30 min,number of extraction times 3 times and 1 time,as well as extraction temperature 100 ℃ and 90 ℃.By Plackett-Burman experimental design,the DGD-4D water addition,extraction time and number of extraction times were determined to be CPPs. The Box-Behnken experimental variance analysis showed that P of the regression model was less than 0. 01 and the misstated value was more than 0. 01,indicating that the model had good predictive ability,and the operation space of CPPs in the DGD-4D extraction process was determined as follows: the amount of water addition was 10-12 times; extraction time 50-80 min; and number of extraction times was 3 times. The design space of DGD-4D extraction process based on the concept of Qb D is conducive to improving the stability of product quality and laying a foundation for the future development of DGD-4D.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Research Design
11.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 300-305, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858426

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is significant difference between the GLP-1-Fc fusion protein(YD057) that is expressed by gene recombination and the marketed drug dulaglutide(Lilly). METHODS: SDS-PAGE, SEC, CE-SDS and CIEF were used to analyze the differences in molecular weight, purity and charge heterogeneity. The amino acid sequence, biological activity and receptor binding analysis were measured to assess whether the cytological function and molecular binding capacity were consistent. Oligosaccharide distribution was measured to assess whether N-linked glycosylation modification ratio was consistent. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in physicochemical properties, amino acid primary sequence, N-linked glycosylation modification ratio, cell biology function and receptor binding capacity between the biological similar drugs(YD057) and dulaglutide. CONCLUSION: Their critical quality attributes are basically the same.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851931

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the film coating process of Xianqu Tablets based on the concept of quality by design (QbD), and improve the coating efficiency and stability. Methods Using the QbD as an experimental guidance and the Design-Expert software as a tool, the critical quality attributes affecting Xianqu film coating targets were first determined as the response values, and the process parameters of influencing critical quality attributes were selected as the key factors. Then the Box- Behnken design was used to optimize the process parameters and establish a control space. Finally, the design space were verified by measuring the hygroscopicity of Xianqu Tablets. Results The results showed that the design space was optimized to reduce the actual error by 95% confidence interval, the best range of process parameters were obtained as follow: bed temperature 37-43 ℃, coating solution concentration 9%-11%, coating weight gain 4%-5%. After the Xianqu Tablets were coated under the given conditions, the hygroscopicity of Xianqu Tablets, which had a smooth surface and uniform color, was significantly reduced. Conclusion The desired effects by using a reasonable experimental design concept of QbD were efficiently achieved, it provides a predictive model for the film coating process of Xianqu Tablets through constructing reasonable design space, which not only enhances the flexibility and applicability of the coating process, but also ensures the stable product quality.

13.
Rev. colomb. ciencias quim. farm ; 46(2): 235-255, May-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-900644

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La furosemida es un fármaco poco soluble en agua (0,01825 mg/mL). Debido a su baja solubilidad y baja permeabilidad, se ubica en la clase IV del Sistema de Clasificación Biofarmacéutica (BCS, por sus siglas en inglés). Se absorbe rápida pero incompletamente en el tracto gastrointestinal (GI). Actualmente, este fármaco se comercializa en tabletas, las que para su obtención deben ser sometidas a un proceso de compresión. La fuerza aplicada en dicha compresión puede influenciar algunas de las características de calidad del producto; por ello, la presente investigación estudia el efecto de la fuerza de compresión sobre los atributos críticos de calidad en el proceso de fabricación (dureza, friabilidad y desintegración) y en el producto terminado (uniformidad de dosificación y disolución) de comprimidos de furosemida. El efecto sobre la disolución se determinó por los factores de diferencia (f 1) y de similitud (f 2) de los perfiles de disolución y los parámetros de eficiencia de la disolución (ED) y tiempo medio de disolución (TMD), los cuales se calcularon con el software académico kinetDS®. Los resultados obtenidos permitieron definir el rango de la fuerza de compresión para el cual se obtuvo una ED superior al 85% y un TMD inferior a 7,5 min.


SUMMARY Furosemide is poorly water soluble drug (0.01825 mg/mL). Due to its low solubility and low permeability, it is labeled in class IV of the Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS). It is rapidly but incompletely absorbed from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Currently, this drug is marketed as tablets, which should be subjected to a compression process. The force applied in this compression can influence some of the quality characteristics of the product. Therefore, this investigation was carried out to determine the effect of compression force on the critical quality attributes of the product in process (hardness, friability and disintegration) and of the finished product (uniformity of dosage and dissolution). The effect on the dissolution was determined by the difference factor (f 1) and similarity factor f 2 ) of the dissolution profiles, the dissolution efficiency (ED) and mean dissolution time (TMD) parameters, which were calculated by kinetDS® academic software. The results obtained allowed to define the range of compression force for which the ED was higher than 85% and the TMD lower than 7.5 min.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335821

ABSTRACT

The "design space" method was used to optimize the purification process of Resina Draconis phenol extracts by using the concept of "quality derived from design" (QbD). The content and transfer rate of laurin B and 7,4'-dihydroxyflavone and yield of extract were selected as the critical quality attributes (CQA). Plackett-Burman design showed that the critical process parameters (CPP) were concentration of alkali, the amount of alkali and the temperature of alkali dissolution. Then the Box-Behnken design was used to establish the mathematical model between CQA and CPP. The variance analysis results showed that the P values of the five models were less than 0.05 and the mismatch values were all greater than 0.05, indicating that the model could well describe the relationship between CQA and CPP. Finally, the control limits of the above 5 indicators (content and transfer rate of laurine B and 7,4'-dihydroxyflavone, as well as the extract yield) were set, and then the probability-based design space was calculated by Monte Carlo simulation and verified. The results of the design space validation showed that the optimized purification method can ensure the stability of the Resina Draconis phenol extracts refining process, which would help to improve the quality uniformity between batches of phenol extracts and provide data support for production automation control.

15.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 19(6): 63-69, Nov. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840315

ABSTRACT

Background: Developing countries have an estimate of ten times more approved biosimilars than developed countries. This disparity demands the need of an objective regulation that incorporates health policies according to the technological and economical capabilities of each country. One of the challenges lies on the establishment of comparability principles based on a physicochemical and biological characterization that should determine the extent of additional non-clinical and clinical studies. This is particularly relevant for licensed biosimilars in developing countries, which have an extensive clinical experience since their approval as generics' in some cases more than a decade. To exemplify the current status of biosimilars in Mexico' a characterization exercise was conducted on licensed filgrastim biosimilars using pharmacopeial and extended characterization methodologies. Results: Most of the evaluated products complied with the pharmacopeial criteria and showed comparability in their Critical Quality Attributes (CQAs) towards the reference product. These results were expected in accordance with their equivalent performance during their licensing as generics. Accordingly' a rational approval and registration renewal scheme for biosimilars is proposed, that considers the proper identification of CQAs and its thoroughly evaluation using selected techniques. Conclusions: This approach provides support to diminish uncertainty of exhibiting different pharmacological profiles and narrows or even avoids the necessity of comparative clinical studies. Ultimately, this proposal is intended to improve the accessibility to high quality biosimilars in Latin America and other developing countries.


Subject(s)
Biosimilar Pharmaceuticals , Drugs, Generic , Developing Countries , Drug and Narcotic Control , Filgrastim , Latin America , Public Policy , Quality Control
16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1054-1061, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To perform a multidimensional study on the critical quality attributes of a therapeutic anti-HER2 humanized monoclonal antibody targeting HER2-positive breast cancer. METHODS: The critical quality attributes such as purity, impurities, structure, and function were evaluated using multidimensional analytical techniques including HPLC, CE-SDS, dynamic light scattering, circular dichroism, differential scanning calorimeter, LC-MS/MS, in vitro bioactivity assay and SPR binding kinetics. RESULTS: The monomer content of the antibody was more than 98% while the polymer impurities were less than 2%. The sum of heavy chain and light chain peak area was over 97% while the non-glycosylated heavy chain impurities area was less than 1% on the CE-SDS electrophoretogram. The antibody drug demonstrated comparable CD spectrum, predicted secondary structure and unfolding temperatures to the reference product. It had highly similar N-glycan profile involving glycosylation site and N-glycan types to the reference product. The analysis showed no significant difference in the functional CQAs like BT474 proliferation inhibiting bioactivity, ADCC efficacy, the binding affinity to HER2 and Fc receptors between the evaluated drug product and the reference. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of the monoclonal antibody drug such as high purity and few impurities indicate homogeneity and low-risk of safety issues. High similarity to the reference has been verified in multiple aspects like higher structure, glycosylation and function. The positive quality evaluation result is a prerequisite for clinical research. Moreover, to some extent, there can be potential correlation between CQAs and clinical safety and efficacy.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461701

ABSTRACT

Near infrared chemical imaging (NIR-CI) is an emerging technology for rapidly analyzing the critical quality attribute of Chinese materia medica (CMM). It integrates NIR spectroscopy with chemical imaging. In this paper, it provided a systematic introduction to NIR-CI, such as the core part of instrument, the reliability, transformation, analysis and application of high-dimensional data acquisition. In addition, current studies of NIR-CI application in pharmaceutical field were analyzed. Finally, future opportunities and challenges of NIR -CI applications in the quality control of CMM preparation were prospected.

18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-151917

ABSTRACT

The aim of this present work was to develop and optimize compression coated tablet of carvedilol sulphate for chronotherapeutic application by response surface methodology based on 32 factorial designs. Compression coated tablet containing carvedilol phosphate in the core was formulated with an outer coat by eudragit L 100 and ethyl cellulose. The percentage weight ratio of ethyl cellulose to eudragit L 100 and coating level were selected as critical process parameters (CPPs), whereas critical quality attributes (CQAs) were lag time and cumulative percentage drug release at 8 hr in current study. For optimization, the effects of critical process parameters upon the critical quality attributes were modelled using the polynomial equations involving critical process parameters and their interactions for various critical quality attributes. A numerical optimization technique was adopted to achieve optimized formulation which was also used as the check point.The observed responses were closed well with the predicted values. The formulation exhibited pulsed release profile after a programmed lag time and thus suitable for chronotherapeutic delivery. The study demonstrated a successful optimized formulation followed by evaluation of compression coated tablet of carvedilol sulphate for chronotherapeutic drug delivery.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441629

ABSTRACT

It has been widely accepted in modern pharmaceutical industry that quality cannot be tested into products , instead quality should be built-in by design . However , the implementation of Quality by Design ( QbD ) in development , manufacture and supervision of traditional Chinese medicine ( TCM ) still remains to be a challenge . The program of safety re-evaluation of TCM injections provides an opportunity to practice QbD approach in TCM industry . This paper discussed some potential ways that improve the quality of TCM injec-tions base on QbD related tools , including identification of critical quality attributes , critical process parameters and critical material attributes, development of design space and control strategy.

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