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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Anmeidan (AMD) on the learning and memory levels of sleep deprived rats through mitochondrial mediated hippocampal neuronal apoptosis pathway. Method:Forty-eight SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, low, medium, high-dose AMD groups (4.86, 9.72, 19.44 g·kg-1·d-1) and estazolam group (0.1 mg·kg-1·d-1). Insomnia model was prepared by self-made sleep deprivation box for 14 days. Morris water maze was used to detect learning and memory levels, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expressions of cytochrome C (Cyt-C), cysteine aspartic acid protease-3 (Caspase-3) in hippocampus. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe the morphological structure of mitochondria in hippocampus. Protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax were detected by immunofluorescence (IF) and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) respectively. Result:In the model group, the incubation period of the platform and the total distance of swimming and the time of first arriving platform were prolonged, the number of platform crossing and the time of target quadrant movement were reduced, protein and mRNA expressions of Bcl-2 dropped, protein and mRNA expressions of Bax increased (P<0.01), and mitochondrial structure was abnormal with crista fracture, swelling and deformation. And protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3 increased significantly (P<0.01). Low, medium and high-dose AMD groups could improve levels of space exploration and navigation of SD rats (P<0.01), increase protein and mRNA expressions of Bcl-2, decrease protein and mRNA expressions of Bax, improve the damage of mitochondria, and decrease the protein and mRNA expressions of Cyt-C, Caspase-3 (P<0.01). Conclusion:AMD can improve the learning and memory levels of SD rats, the effect is related to the mitochondrial mediated hippocampal neuronal apoptosis pathway and decrease of Cyt-C and Caspase-3 expressions.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the impacts of electroacupuncture (EA) on neurological function, the pathological morphology in brain tissue, apoptosis level and the protein expressions of apoptosis-related cytochrome C (Cyt-C) and cysteine aspartic acid protease-9 (Caspase-9) in the rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and explore the potential mechanism of EA in treatment of TBI.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 clean-grade SD mice were randomized into a blank group (8 rats), a sham-operation group (8 rats), a model group (27 rats) and an EA group (27 rats). In terms of interventions of 3, 7 and 14 days, 3 subgroups were divided in the model group and the EA group successively, 9 rats in each subgroup. The modified Feeney free-fall percussion method was adopted to establish TBI models of rats. In the sham-operation group, only the skull was exposed and drilled and no free-fall percussion was exerted. One day after modeling, EA was given in the rats of EA group at "Shuigou" (GV 26), "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on the affected side, with intermittent wave, 2 Hz in frequency, once daily, 10 min each time, for 3, 7 and 14 days successively. Separately, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the modified neurological severity scale (mNSS) was used to evaluate the degree of neurological function injury in the rats, HE staining and Nissl staining were to observe the pathological and morphological changes in brain tissue, TUNEL method was to observe the level of apoptosis in brain tissue and immunohistochemistry (IHC) method and Western blot were to determine the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in brain tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham-operation group, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, mNSS scores were increased obviously in the rats of the model group respectively (<0.01). Compared with the model group, on the day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, mNSS scores were reduced in the rats of the EA group respectively (<0.05). On day 3 of intervention, in brain injury region of the rats in the model group and the EA group, gross tissue necrosis, nuclear fragmentation, consolidation and obvious vacuolar changes, reduced Nissl bodies and scattered arrangement were found. On day 7 and 14 of intervention, in the model group and the EA group, the new connective tissue filling and normal cells were visible and Nissl bodies increased. The overall repair and Nissl body quantity in the EA group were better than the model group. Compared with the sham-operation group, on day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the numbers of apoptotic cells were increased obviously in the model group (<0.01) and they were reduced in the EA group as compared with the model group (<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, on day 3, 7 and 14 of intervention, the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in damaged brain tissue were all increased obviously in the model group (<0.01) and they were all reduced in the EA group as compared with the model group successively (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture remarkably improves the condition in the neurological function injury and reduces apoptosis degree in TBI model rats, which is likely related to the down-regulation of the protein expressions of Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in damaged brain tissue and further to bring the impacts on mitochondria mediated apoptosis process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Therapeutics , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cytochromes c , Metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on neuronal apoptosis in rats with traumatic brain injury (TBI), and to explore the action mechanism of EA on improving the brain nerve function of TBI.@*METHODS@#A total of 88 6-week-old SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, an EA group and a LY294002+EA group, 22 rats in each group. The TBI model on the left side was established by the improved Feeney's free fall method. After modeling for 24 h, the rats in the EA group and LY294002+EA group were treated with acupuncture at "Baihui" (GV 20) for 10 min and pricking acupuncture at "Shuigou" (GV 26) for 20 s; EA was applied at "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Zusanli" (ST 36) on the right side (discontinuous wave, 2 Hz of frequency, 1 mA of intensity) for 10 min, once a day for 3 days. After 3 days of intervention, the TUNEL method was used to detect the level of neuron apoptosis in left cerebral cortex; the Western blot method was used to detect the expression of Akt, p-Akt, Bcl-2, Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 in the left cerebral cortex.@*RESULTS@#After 3-day treatment, compared with the sham group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was increased in the model group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 protein was increased (<0.01), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt, Bcl-2 was decreased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was decreased in the EA group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Cyt-C and Caspase-9 was decreased (<0.01), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt and Bcl-2 was increased (<0.01). Compared with the LY294002+EA group, the number of neuronal apoptosis in the left cortex was decreased in the EA group (<0.01), and the expression of Bax, Caspase-9 and Cyt-C was decreased (<0.01, <0.05), and the expression of p-Akt/Akt and Bcl-2 was increased (<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA could significantly reduce the neuronal apoptosis in rats with TBI, and its mechanism may be related to the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

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