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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872959

ABSTRACT

Objective::To compare the difference of the content of volatile oil and the total relative percentage of phthalein compounds in volatile oil among different parts about Ligusticum chuanxiong, or among different decoction pieces with different processing methods. Method::Steam distillation was used(in the extraction of volatile oil.The chemical constituents of the volatile oil were identified by GC-MS analysis, and relative content of each component was determined by normalization method. Result::The contents of volatile oil in different parts were obviously different, and the order of the contents from high to low was rhizome(1.12%)>fibrous root(0.75%)>aerial part(0.41%). The GC-MS analysis similar compounds find in the three different volatile oils, and the order of total relative percentages of phthalein compounds from high to low was roots(83.29%)>rhizomes(44.5%)>aerial part(39.95%). On the other hand, the volatile oil content of three different Chuanxiong Rhizoma pieces with different processing methods was C(0.87%)>A(0.75%)>B(0.7%). The total relative percentages of phthalein compounds analyzed by GC-MS was C(79.14%)>A(73.09%)>B(67.29%). Conclusion::The content of phthalein compounds in the volatile oil of fibrous root was higher than that of rhizome, thus it can be appropriately used.The volatile oil content and chemical composition of different Chuanxiong Rhizoma pieces were significantly different.The content of volatile oil and phthalein compounds in fresh-cut Chuanxiong Rhizoma pieces were the most high, thus fresh-cutting can be used as a new processing method for Chuanxiong Rhizoma pieces.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771709

ABSTRACT

To investigate the differences of chemical compositions in Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves prepared by different processing methods. Ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to compare the chemical compositions between shade-dried processing and drum-dried processing. Forty six gypenosides were identified by control comparison, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MSn) fragmentation information, and literature data. The mass spectral peak area statistics was combined with principal component analysis(PCA), and the results showed that eight batches of Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves samples were divided into two groups according to the two different processing methods; ten chemical compositions with significant differences were screened according to mass spectrum information combined with partial least-squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA). The result showed that most parent nucleus of the gypenosides contained three to four glycosides in drum-dried samples, and one to two glycosides in the shade-dried samples. It was inferred from further MS analysis that desugarization of gypenosides was present to produce secondary glycosides with the effect of glucosidase in the shade-drying, thus resulting in difference in compositions. This study provided data support for harvesting, processing and quality control of Gynostemma pentaphyllum leaves.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gynostemma , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Saponins , Chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236066

ABSTRACT

The effects of harvest and different processing methods on the anti-thrombin activity of Poecilobdella manillensis were respectively studied. The indicators included processing methods (vacuum freeze drying, fresh homogenate, drying under sunlight, freezing, scalding, baking under different temperatures), different parts (entire body, cephalon, pygidium, exudate) and body weights (≤10, 10-20, 20-30, 30-40, ≥40 g). The anti-thrombin activities of P. manillensis with different processing methods were evaluated by direct anti-thrombin titration. The results indicated that the processing methods significantly affected the anti-thrombin activities of P. manillensis. Among the 11 groups, the anti-thrombin activity of P. manillensis processed with vacuum freeze drying (1 303.56 U•g⁻¹) was significantly highest than the other groups (P<0.05), and that processed with baking under 90 ℃ (15.44 U•g⁻¹) was the lowest. The anti-thrombin activity of the cephalon of P. manillensis (226.42 U•g⁻¹) was the highest, and that of the pygidium (102.12 U•g⁻¹) was lowest; the anti-thrombin activities for different body weights were significantly different (P<0.05); and among the five groups, the body weight of ≤10 g (328.86 U•g⁻¹) was the highest (P<0.05), and the body weight of ≥40 g (87.71 U•g⁻¹) was the lowest. In conclusion, harvest and different processing methods had a significant impact on the anti-thrombin activities of P. manillensis. In the study, for the optimal processing method for P. manillensis, the body weight between 20-30 g is recommended, and the vacuum freeze drying is preferred, which is followed by the drying under sunlight.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481440

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to study the method of rapid determination of total flavonoids in Chrysanthemum of different processing methods by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). The Chrysanthemum was dried by three different processes. The three methods were directly drying, drying after steamed and drying after fry, respectively. The determination of total flavonoids in Chrysanthemum by different processing methods was produced by using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Collecting the NIRS spectra of Chrysanthemum, the quantitative analysis model of total flavonoids content in Chrysanthemum of different processing methods was established by partial least square (PLS) and the model was validated. The correlation coefficient (R2), the root-mean-square error of calibration (RMSEC) and the root-mean-square error of prediction (RMSEP) were 0.996 19, 0.104 and 0.168, respectively. The correlation coefficient of predication (r) was 0.979 3 which state that the prediction was accurate. The method of NIRS had the advantage of fast determination, simple operation and high accuracy of prediction, and could be used for rapid determination of total flavonoids content in Chrysanthemum of different processing methods.

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