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1.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 902-907, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843144

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) of original plaque to predict carotid artery in-stent restenosis (ISR). Methods: Forty cases of the patients with carotid atherosclerosis who were to undergo the carotid artery stenting (CAS) were included in this study. All participants underwent vessel wall MR imaging (VW-MRI) and DCE-MRI within one week before CAS. Carotid digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were performed at the sixth month to reassess the stenosis of stent. The correlation between DCE-MRI and ISR was evaluated. Results: The level of Ktran in ISR group was significantly higher than that in non-ISR group (P=0.000), and so was the vP (P=0.037). Ktrans could independently predict ISR (OR=1.43, 95%CI 1.17-1.56, P=0.012), and the cut-off value of Ktrans was 0.09 min-1 (sensitivity=100%, specificity=87.5%). Conclusion: Intraplaque inflammation may lead to excessive intimal hyperplasia after ISR. Ktrans could be a risk predictor of ISR with high sensitivity and specificity. DCE-MRI could be an effective tool to predict ISR.

2.
Journal of Jilin University(Medicine Edition) ; (6): 1166-1170, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485454

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the growth characteristics and multi-time dynamic contrast-enhanced MR(DCE-MR)findings of rabbit VX2 liver tumor on MR imaging, and to provide a reliable basis for the values of MR in assessment of non-surgical treatment effect of rabbit VX2 liver tumor.Methods 10 rabbit VX2 liver tumor models were established by liver tissue embedding through laparotomy under direct vision and DCE-MRI scaning was performed at the 2nd,3rd,4th and 5th week after establishment.The tumor volume (V)and tumor growth rate (TGR)were calculated at different time points and the signal characteristics were analyzed on MR imaging;then all the rabbits were excuted and HE staining were performed to observe the cancer cells in different places with microscope.Results The TGR at the 3rd week after establishment (404.16%±114.64%)was significantly higher than that at the 4th week (223.49%±65.90%)(t=3.417,P<0.05).The tumors with well-boundary were rim-like enhanced significantly and the central parts were not enhanced on DCE-MR imaging,and the parts between the edge and centre of tumors were heterogeneously mild enhanced. The HE staining results showed that 6 cases of tumor were squamous cell carcinoma and the cells were distributed densely in the edge,the cancer cells and necrosis were distributed equally in the parts between the edge and centre of tumors and the centre of tumors were necrosis parts.Conclusion The rabbit VX2 liver tumor grows rapidly at the 3rd week after establishment, and its histological features can be better reflected by DCE-MRI.

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