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1.
CoDAS ; 36(1): e20220260, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520725

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Swallowing impairment is a serious extra-pulmonary manifestation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Previous studies suggest that individuals with stable COPD show atypical values for several videofluoroscopy measures of swallowing, compared to healthy adults under age 60. However, it is unclear to what degree these changes are attributable to healthy aging. In this study, we aimed to clarify how swallowing in people with stable COPD differs from age-matched healthy controls. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of videofluoroscopy data from two previously-collected datasets: a) a sample of 28 adults with stable COPD (18 male); b) a sample of 76 healthy adults, from which 28 adults were selected, matched for sex and age to participants in the COPD cohort. In both prior studies, participants swallowed 20% w/v liquid barium prepared in different consistencies (thin; mildly, moderately, and extremely thick). Blinded duplicate ratings were performed according to a standard procedure, yielding measures of laryngeal vestibule closure (LVC) integrity and timing, swallow timing, upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening, pharyngeal constriction and pharyngeal residue. Mann-Whitney U tests and odds ratios were performed to determine significant group differences (p<.05). Results Across the consistencies tested, participants with COPD showed significantly shorter durations of LVC, earlier onsets and shorter durations of UES opening, and reduced pharyngeal constriction. No significant differences were seen in other measures. Conclusion These results point to features of swallowing in people with stable COPD that differ from changes seen with healthy aging, and which represent risks for potential aspiration.

2.
CoDAS ; 36(1): e20220232, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514030

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar o risco de disfagia e sua associação com os sinais sugestivos de sarcopenia, estado nutricional e frequência da higiene oral em idosos hospitalizados. Método Trata-se de um estudo transversal analítico com participação de 52 idosos internados em clínica médica de um hospital público no Distrito Federal. Foram aplicados os instrumentos Eating Assessment Tool, Strength, Assistance with walking, Rise from a chair, Climb stairs and Falls + Circunferência da Panturrilha e o Mini Nutritional Assessment shortform além de coleta de dados sociodemográficos e de condições de saúde. Resultados Dos idosos participantes 30,8% apresentaram risco de disfagia autorrelatada. Os fatores associados ao risco de disfagia foram sinais sugestivos sarcopenia (p=0,04), estado nutricional (p<0,001) e frequência da higiene oral (p=0,03). Conclusão Na população geriátrica deste estudo, em sua maioria com Covid-19, o risco de disfagia esteve associado aos sinais sugestivos de sarcopenia, estado nutricional e frequência da higiene oral.


ABSTRACT Purpose To identify the risk of dysphagia and its association with signs suggestive of sarcopenia, nutritional status and frequency of oral hygiene in the hospitalized elderly. Methods This is an analytical cross-sectional study with the participation of 52 elderly patients admitted to a medical clinic at a public hospital in the Federal District, Brazil. The Eating Assessment Tool, Strength, Assistance with walking, Rise from a chair, Climb stairs and Falls + Calf Circumference and the Mini Nutritional Assessment shortform were applied, in addition to the collection of sociodemographic data and health conditions. Results Among the elderly participants, 30.8% were at risk of self-reported dysphagia. The factors associated with the risk of dysphagia were: signs suggestive of sarcopenia (p=0.04), nutritional status (p<0.001) and oral hygiene frequency (p=0.03). Conclusion In the geriatric population of the present study, with the majority of the participants having tested positive for Covid-19, the risk of dysphagia was associated with signs suggestive of sarcopenia, nutritional status and frequency of oral hygiene.

3.
PAMJ clin. med ; 14(33)2024. figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1552708

ABSTRACT

Introduction: achalasia is an esophageal motility disorder, characterized by irregular peristalsis and inadequate relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, typically manifests with dysphagia as its primary symptom. The advent of high-resolution manometry (HRM) has transformed our comprehension of achalasia. It has delineated three distinct subtypes based on variations in pressurization and contractions, contributing significantly to the understanding of this condition. This study aimed to describe and compare clinically and manometrically the patients suffering from the different subtypes of achalasia. Methods: it is a retrospective single-center study including all patients with achalasia diagnosed by high-resolution manometry (HRM) between April 2018 and January 2023. The diagnosis was retained based on the latest Chicago 3.0 classification. Results: out of 103 patients, 25.2% (n=26) had type I achalasia, 66.9% (n=69) type II, and 7.8% (n=8) type III. Patients with type I and II achalasia were younger than patients with type III achalasia (mean age 43.2 years vs. 55.6 years, P=0.0053). A female predominance was found in type I achalasia and a male predominance in type III. The most frequent symptoms were: dysphagia (found in all our patients). At HRM, all our patients had a pathological IRP with a mean of 26.95 mmHg for the 3 types of achalasia. Resting IBS pressures were higher in patients with type III achalasia compared to types I and II (35.28 mmHg vs 32.7 mmHg and 31.04 mmHg, P=0.40). Conclusion: achalasia is one of the most studied esophageal motility disorders. Tools such as HRM have permitted us not only to identify achalasia early but also to define different subtypes, which can have therapeutic implications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Esophageal Motility Disorders
4.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535956

ABSTRACT

Background: Self-expanding metal prostheses improve dysphagia in patients with incurable esophageal cancer (EC). New stents have been introduced, and chemoradiotherapy has been implemented for EC, changing patients' risk profiles. It is unknown whether this has affected palliation with stents. Patients and methods: Retrospective study in three centers in Medellín-Colombia; patients undergoing placement of palliative esophageal prostheses for malignant dysphagia (1997-2022). Major and minor complications after implantation, the influence of oncological therapies, and survival were evaluated for 1997-2009 (n = 289) and 2010-2022 (n = 318). Results: 607 patients underwent esophageal prostheses; 296 (48.8%) became complicated. It was higher in the second period (52.5% vs. 48.1%), as were major complications (20.8% vs. 14.2%, p = 0.033), with no differences in minor complications (33.9% vs 31.8%, p = 0.765). Also, 190 (31.3%) patients presented with recurrent dysphagia, stable in both periods. Migration increased over time (from 13.1% to 18.2%, p = 0.09). The most common minor adverse event was pain, increasing over time (from 24.9% to 33.95%, p < 0.01), and associated factors were chemoradiotherapy, absence of fistula, and squamous cell carcinoma. Acid reflux decreased in the second group (p = 0.038). Twelve percent of patients required another intervention for feeding. Survival was not impacted by time and use of stents. Conclusions: Stents are an alternative in non-surgical malignant dysphagia, although recurrent dysphagia has not decreased over time. Minor stent-related complications are increasing in association with the implementation of chemoradiotherapy.


Antecedentes: Las prótesis metálicas autoexpandibles mejoran la disfagia en pacientes con cáncer esofágico (CE) incurable. En las últimas décadas se han introducido nuevos tipos de stents y se ha implementado la quimiorradioterapia para el CE, generando cambios en los perfiles de riesgo de los pacientes. Se desconoce si estos cambios han afectado la paliación con stents. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo en tres centros de Medellín-Colombia; pacientes sometidos a colocación de prótesis esofágicas paliativas para disfagia maligna (1997-2022). Se evaluaron en dos períodos: 1997-2009 (n = 289) y 2010-2022 (n = 318), complicaciones mayores y menores después del implante, la influencia de las terapias oncológicas y la sobrevida. Resultados: Se evaluaron 607 pacientes sometidos a prótesis esofágicas. 296 (48,8%) se complicaron, y fue mayor en el segundo periodo (52,5% frente a 48,1%), al igual que las complicaciones mayores (20,8% frente a 14,2%, p = 0,033), sin diferencias en complicaciones menores (33,9% frente a 31,8%, p = 0,765). 190 (31,3%) pacientes presentaron disfagia recurrente, estable en ambos períodos. La migración aumentó con el tiempo (de 13,1% a 18,2%, p = 0,09). El evento adverso menor más frecuente fue dolor, que aumentó con el tiempo (de 24,9% a 33,95%, p < 0,01), y los factores asociados fueron quimiorradioterapia, ausencia de fístula y carcinoma de células escamosas. El reflujo ácido disminuyó en el segundo grupo (p = 0,038). El 12% de pacientes requirieron otra intervención para alimentarse. No se impactó la sobrevida con el tiempo y uso de stents. Conclusiones: Los stents son una alternativa en la disfagia maligna no quirúrgica, aunque la disfagia recurrente no ha disminuido con el tiempo. Las complicaciones menores relacionadas con el stent van en aumento, asociadas a la implementación de la quimiorradioterapia.

5.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 75(6)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535655

ABSTRACT

La disfagia alta es un síntoma frecuente de consulta al otorrinolaringólogo o gastroenteròlogo. Los diagnósticos diferenciales son trastornos de la deglución por daño neurològico, anillos esofágicos superiores, globus faríngeo, neoplasia, disfagia lusoria y trastornos motores inespecífico y otras más raras aún. Hay escasa literatura actualizada en pacientes adultos. El diagnóstico se basa en el estudio radiológico baritado, endoscopia y complementariamente con manometría. Las opciones de tratamiento son motivo de discusión, dada la poca evidencia disponible. En este artículo se presentan los resultados observados en una cohorte de 10 pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de acalasia del cricofaríngeo sometidos a dilatación endoscópica (7 pacientes) o miotomía quirúrgica por cervicotomía (3 pacientes). Se evaluó evolución de la disfagia, complicaciones post procedimiento y resultados a largo plazo. No hubo complicaciones mayores, la disfagia mejoro en ambos grupos, en el grupo de dilatación se complementó el tratamiento con dilataciones periódicas en 2 pacientes. No hubo diferencias significativas en los 2 grupos estudiados. Conclusión: ambas opciones terapéuticas presentan buenos resultados en el tratamiento de estos pacientes.


Dysphagia at cervical level is a frequent symptom causing visit to otolaryngologist or gastroenterologist. The differential diagnoses are swallowing disorders due to neurological damage, upper esophageal rings, pharyngeal globus, neoplasia, non-specific motor disorders and other even rarer ones. There is little updated literature in adult patients. The diagnosis is based on the barium radiological study, endoscopy and complementary manometry. Treatment options are a matter of discussion, given the little evidence available. This paper presents the results observed in a cohort of 10 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of cricopharyngeal achalasia who underwent endoscopic dilation (7 patients) or surgical myotomy by cervicotomy (3 patients). The evolution of dysphagia, post-procedure complications and long-term results were evaluated. There were no major complications, dysphagia improved in both groups, in the dilation group the treatment was supplemented with periodic dilations in 2 patients. There were no significant differences in the 2 groups studied. Conclusion: both therapeutic options present good results in the treatment of these patients.

6.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 38(3)sept. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535933

ABSTRACT

We present the case of a 17-year-old patient with no known comorbidity or history who was admitted due to dysphagia. Endoscopy revealed ulcerated lesions in the distal esophagus that were positive for herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) on immunohistochemistry. An examination of HSV-1 esophagitis in the immunocompetent patient is made.


Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 17 años sin ninguna comorbilidad ni antecedente conocido que ingresó por disfagia. La endoscopia reveló lesiones ulceradas en el esófago distal que resultaron positivas para virus del herpes simple tipo 1 (VHS-1) en la inmunohistoquímica. Se hace una revisión de la esofagitis por VHS-1 en el paciente inmunocompetente.

7.
Indian J Cancer ; 2023 Jun; 60(2): 199-205
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221777

ABSTRACT

Background: Self?reported treatment outcome is a better way to measure patient抯 quality of life (QOL). This study was undertaken to translate dysphagia?specific QOL questionnaire M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) in Marathi language, its linguistic validation, and cross?cultural adaptation in patients of head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). Methods: After Institutional ethics committee approval, MDADI was translated into Marathi with prior permission from the author of original English questionnaire (AOEQ). The translation procedure included � two forward translations (English to Marathi), formation of first intermediate Marathi translation (FIMT), two back translations (BT) (Marathi to English) of FIMT and interim Marathi translation (IMT) formation. Second intermediate Marathi translation (SIMT) was prepared after face validation of IMT by Marathi subject expert. Pretesting of SIMT was done in 10 patients of HNSCC for linguistic validation and cross?cultural adaptation. After incorporating the patients� suggestions, final Marathi translation was formulated and forwarded to primary author for approval. Results: The grammatically acceptable and conceptually equivalent face?validated SIMT was prepared and given to HNSCC patients. The questionnaire was well understood and unobjectionable reflecting its linguistic validity and cross?cultural adaptation. Some of the patients suggested changes in a few words which were then rectified, rechecked with BT, and the final Marathi translated questionnaire was prepared. The credit statement for AOEQ was used as a footnote in the translated questionnaire. Conclusion: Marathi translation of MDADI is well accepted and comprehensible. It can be used for future studies.

8.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535909

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM) is widely recognized as the standard surgical treatment for esophageal achalasia. However, there is a lack of local data regarding the clinical characteristics of patients and the outcomes of this intervention. Methodology: This retrospective study analyzed patients who underwent LHM over an eight-year period. Demographic, operative, and postoperative variables were assessed. The Eckardt score was used to compare symptoms before and after the intervention. Continuous variables were presented as means. Results: Among the 39 patients assessed, 27 met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 51% were male, with an average age of 48 years. The average lower esophageal sphincter pressure was 36 mmHg. The mean operative time and bleeding were 133 minutes and 34 mL, respectively. The average length of the myotomy was 8.3 cm. Partial fundoplication was performed in all cases, and intraoperative endoscopy was conducted in 88% of the cases. Two intraoperative mucosal perforations occurred. The average length of hospital stay was 2.7 days. There was one medical complication but no mortality. Dysphagia significantly improved by 95%, and the mean Eckardt score decreased from 7.7 to 1.2 after surgery (p < 0.001). The average follow-up period was 24 months. Conclusion: LHM with partial fundoplication proves to be an effective and safe procedure for treating achalasia. It results in the resolution of dysphagia in 95% of cases and carries minimal morbidity. Therefore, LHM should be considered the definitive treatment of choice for achalasia.


Introducción: la miotomía de Heller laparoscópica (MHL) se considera el tratamiento quirúrgico estándar en acalasia esofágica. A nivel local se desconocen las características clínicas de los pacientes y los resultados de la intervención. Metodología: estudio retrospectivo que incluye pacientes llevados a MHL durante un periodo de 8 años. Se analizaron variables demográficas, operatorias y posoperatorias. Mediante el puntaje de Eckardt se compararon síntomas antes y después de la intervención. Las variables continuas se expresan en promedios. Resultados: 27 de 39 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. El 51% fueron hombres y el promedio de edad fue de 48 años. La presión promedio del esfínter esofágico inferior fue de 36 mm Hg. El promedio de tiempo operatorio y sangrado fue de 133 minutos y 34 mL, respectivamente. La longitud promedio de la miotomía fue de 8,3 cm. Se adicionó funduplicatura parcial en todos los casos y en el 88% se realizó una endoscopia intraoperatoria. Se presentaron 2 perforaciones intraoperatorias de la mucosa. El promedio de estancia hospitalaria fue 2,7 días. Hubo una complicación médica y ninguna mortalidad. La disfagia mejoró en el 95% y el promedio del puntaje de Eckardt disminuyó de 7,7 a 1,2 luego de cirugía (p < 0,001). El seguimiento fue de 24 meses en promedio. Conclusión: la MHL con funduplicatura parcial es un procedimiento efectivo y seguro para el tratamiento de la acalasia. Se asocia a resolución de la disfagia en el 95% de los casos, su morbilidad es mínima y debe considerarse el tratamiento definitivo de elección.

9.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535914

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Limited information is available regarding the clinical and manometric characteristics of different subtypes of achalasia. This study aims to describe these characteristics in patients treated at a prominent hospital in Colombia. Methods: This descriptive observational study included patients diagnosed with achalasia using high-resolution esophageal manometry at Hospital Universitario San Ignacio in Bogotá, Colombia, between 2016 and 2020. We documented the clinical manifestations, manometric findings, treatment approaches, and response to treatment based on the subtype of achalasia. Results: A total of 87 patients were enrolled, with a median age of 51 years, and 56.4% of them were female. The majority had type II achalasia (78.1%), followed by type I (16%) and type III (5.7%). All patients presented with dysphagia, 40.2% experienced chest pain, and 27.6% had gastroesophageal reflux. The clinical parameters, including integrated relaxation pressure value (IRP; median: 24 mmHg, interquartile range [IQR]: 19-33), upper esophageal sphincter pressure (UES; median: 63 mmHg, IQR: 46-98), and lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LES; median: 34 mm Hg, IQR: 26-45), were similar across the different subtypes. Esophageal clearance was incomplete in all patients. Among the 35 patients who received intervention, Heller's myotomy was the most commonly employed procedure (68.5%), followed by esophageal dilation (28.6%). All patients experienced symptomatic improvement, with a median pre-treatment Eckardt score of 5 (IQR: 5-6) and a post-treatment score of 1 (IQR: 1-2). Conclusions: Type II achalasia is the most prevalent subtype. The clinical and manometric findings, as well as treatment response, exhibit similarities among the different subtypes of achalasia. In Colombia, the outcomes of this condition align with those reported in other parts of the world.


Introducción: existe información limitada sobre las características clínicas y manométricas de los diferentes subtipos de acalasia. Este estudio describe dichas características en pacientes manejados en un hospital de referencia en Colombia. Método: estudio descriptivo observacional que incluye a pacientes con diagnóstico de acalasia por manometría esofágica de alta resolución manejados en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio de Bogotá, Colombia, entre 2016 y 2020. Se describen las manifestaciones clínicas, hallazgos manométricos, tratamiento utilizado y respuesta al mismo según el subtipo de acalasia. Resultados: se incluyeron a 87 pacientes (mediana de edad: 51 años, 56,4% mujeres). La mayoría de tipo II (78,1%), seguido por tipo I (16%) y tipo III (5,7%). Todos presentaron disfagia, 40,2% dolor torácico y 27,6% reflujo gastroesofágico. La clínica y los valores del integral de presión de relajación (IRP; mediana: 24 mm Hg, rango intercuartílico [RIC]: 19-33), presión del esfínter esofágico superior (EES; mediana: 63 mm Hg, RIC: 46-98) y presión del esfínter esofágico inferior (EEI; mediana: 34 mm Hg, RIC: 26-45) fueron similares en los diferentes subtipos. El aclaramiento esofágico fue incompleto en todos los pacientes. Entre 35 pacientes que recibieron manejo intervencionista, la miotomía de Heller fue la intervención más utilizada (68,5%), seguido por la dilatación esofágica (28,6%). La totalidad de estos pacientes presentó una mejoría sintomática con la mediana de Eckardt pretratamiento de 5 (RIC: 5-6) y postratamiento de 1 (RIC: 1-2). Conclusiones: la acalasia tipo II es la más común. La clínica y los hallazgos manométricos y respuesta a tratamiento son similares entre los subtipos de acalasia. En Colombia, esta entidad se comporta de forma similar a lo reportado en otras partes del mundo.

10.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 785-788, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514315

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: An aberrant right subclavian artery described by David Bayford, is rare and one of the aortic arch anomalies. It gives usually incidental findings. We present the case of a 57-year-old woman who was admitted to a neurology outpatient clinic due to a headache and no obvious pathology was detected during a physical examination. In consequence of the brain and chest CT angiography, incidental anomalies of the aortic arch branches were found and asymptomatic aberrant right subclavian artery and bicarotid trunk was diagnosed. The presence of this anomaly is becoming increasingly important in avoiding vascular injuries and cerebral complications in patients undergoing endovascular intervention on the aorta aortic arch surgery, thyroidectomy, or cervicothoracic surgery. So, detailed knowledge of variations of the subclavian artery and bicarotid trunk is paramount for radiologists and surgeons operating on the region of the anterior neck.


Una arteria subclavia derecha aberrante descrita por David Bayford, es rara y es una de las anomalías del arco aórtico. Además, suele ser hallazgos accidentales. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 57 años que ingresó a una consulta de neurología por dolor de cabeza, sin embargo, no se le detectó patología evidente al examen físico. En el angio-TC de cerebro y tórax, se encontraron anomalías incidentales de las ramas del arco aórtico y se diagnosticó arteria subclavia derecha aberrante asintomática y tronco bicarotídeo. Determinar la presencia de esta anomalía es cada vez más importante, para así evitar lesiones vasculares y complicaciones cerebrales en pacientes sometidos a intervención endovascular de la aorta, cirugía del arco aórtico, tiroidectomía o cirugía cervicotorácica. Por lo tanto, el conocimiento detallado de las variaciones de la arteria subclavia y el tronco bicarotídeo es primordial para los radiólogos y cirujanos que operan en la región anterior del cuello.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/abnormalities , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Anatomic Variation
11.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 83(1): 37-40, mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431951

ABSTRACT

Los linfangiomas son malformaciones linfáticas benignas infrecuentes; se manifiestan principalmente en la infancia. Pueden desarrollarse en cualquier zona del cuerpo, más frecuentemente cabeza y cuello, siendo su compromiso faríngeo extremadamente poco común. Dada su clínica inespecífica se requiere un análisis anatomopatológico preciso para concretar un correcto diagnóstico. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 40 años con historia de disfagia y odinofagia de un año de evolución cuyo estudio imagenológico y con nasofibroscopía evidenció un tumor redondeado alojado en seno piriforme derecho, la biopsia excisional confirmó el diagnóstico de linfangioma. Se debe considerar el diagnóstico de linfangioma dentro de los diagnósticos diferenciales de tumores en faringe y concientizar su presencia en pacientes adulto, para ofrecer el manejo óptimo basado, ya sea en escisión quirúrgica completa, para evitar la recurrencia asociado, o al uso de sustancias esclerosantes.


Lymphangiomas are infrequent benign lymphatic malformations, with clinical manifestations mainly at birth or in childhood. They can develop in any area of the body, most frequently the head and neck, and their pharyngeal involvement is extremely rare. Given its nonspecific symptoms, it requires a precise pathological analysis to make a correct diagnosis. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman with a 1-year history of dysphagia and odynophagia whose imaging study and nasofibroscopy revealed a rounded tumor lodged in the right pyriform sinus. The excisional biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of lymphangioma. The diagnosis of lymphangioma should be considered within the differentials of tumors in the pharynx and awareness of its presence in adults to offer optimal management based on complete surgical excision to avoid recurrence or management with use of sclerosing substances.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lymphangioma/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Lymphangioma/pathology
12.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 36: eAPE01502, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1439038

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à deglutição em idosos hospitalizados. Métodos Estudo transversal analítico e observacional. Participaram 52 idosos internados em clínica médica de um hospital público no Distrito Federal. Foram aplicados os instrumentos Eating Assessment Tool e o Quality of Life in Swallowing Disordens, além de coleta de dados sociodemográficos e condições de saúde. Resultados Dos idosos participantes 30,8% apresentaram risco de disfagia autorrelatada. Os idosos com risco de disfagia apresentaram menor pontuação no domínio "tempo de se alimentar" e maior pontuação no domínio de "saúde mental". O único domínio que não houve diferença estatística no padrão de resposta dos participantes que apresentaram ou não risco de disfagia foi o domínio sono. Entre as variáveis dos 11 domínios do Quality of Life in Swallowing Disordens foi possível observar correlações positivas em sua maioria com diferentes graus. Conclusão A qualidade de vida relacionada à deglutição de idosos hospitalizados está diretamente manifestada com a diminuição do convívio social, aumento do tempo para se alimentar, medo e fardo.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la deglución en adultos mayores hospitalizados. Métodos Estudio transversal analítico y observacional. Participaron 52 adultos mayores internados en clínica médica de un hospital público en el Distrito Federal. Se aplicaron los instrumentos Eating Assessment Tool y Quality of Life in Swallowing Disordens, además de la recopilación de datos sociodemográficos y condiciones de salud. Resultados De los adultos mayores que participaron, el 30,8 % presentó riesgo de disfagia autoinformada. Los adultos mayores con riesgo de disfagia presentaron un menor puntaje en el dominio "tiempo para alimentarse" y un puntaje más alto en el dominio "salud mental". El único dominio en el que no hubo una diferencia estadística en el tipo de respuesta de los participantes que presentaron o no riesgo de disfagia fue el del dominio sueño. Entre las variables de los 11 dominios del Quality of Life in Swallowing Disordens se observaron mayormente correlaciones positivas en diferentes niveles. Conclusión La calidad de vida relacionada con la deglución de adultos mayores hospitalizados está directamente manifestada con la reducción de la convivencia social, el aumento de tiempo para alimentarse, el miedo y la carga.


Abstract Objective To evaluate swallowing-related quality of life in hospitalized elderly patients. Methods Cross-sectional analytical and observational approach was used in our study. Fifty-two elderly patients in a medical clinic of a public hospital in Distrito Federal [Federal District] participated. In addition to collecting sociodemographic and health condition data, the Eating Assessment Tool and the swallowing-related quality of life Questionnaire were applied. Results Of the elderly participants, 30.8% had a self-reported risk of dysphagia. The elderly at risk for dysphagia had lower scores in the "eating duration" domain and higher scores in the "mental health" domain. The only domain in which there was no statistical difference in the response pattern of the participants who were, or were not at risk for dysphagia was the "sleep domain." Among the variables of the 11 domains of the Swallowing Quality of Life Questionnaire, mostly positive correlations were found, with different degrees. Conclusion The swallowing-related quality of life of hospitalized elderly patients is directly manifested as decreased social interaction, increased eating time, fear to eat, and swallowing as a burden.

13.
CoDAS ; 35(2): e20210246, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439933

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar os efeitos de medidas profiláticas, não farmacológicas, sobre a progressão da disfagia em pacientes com câncer de cabeça e pescoço submetidos a radioterapia. Estratégia de pesquisa A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados Medline (via PubMed), Scopus e Embase, assim como na literatura cinzenta. Critérios de seleção Foram incluídos ensaios clínicos randomizados, com pacientes adultos (≥ 18 anos) e diagnóstico de câncer de cabeça e pescoço, tratados com radioterapia (associada ou não à cirurgia e quimioterapia) submetidos a protocolos não farmacológicos de prevenção da disfagia. Análise dos dados O risco de viés foi avaliado por meio da escala PEDRO e a qualidade global da evidência foi avaliada de acordo com o instrumento GRADE. Resultados Foram considerados elegíveis 4 estudos, e desses, dois foram incluídos na metanálise. O resultado favoreceu o grupo intervenção, com diferença média de 1,27 [IC 95%: 0,74 à 1,80]. Houve baixa heterogeneidade e a pontuação média para risco de viés foi de 7,5 de um total de 11 pontos. A falta de detalhamento nos cuidados com os vieses de seleção, performance, detecção, atrito e de relato contribuíram para o julgamento da qualidade da evidência, considerada baixa. Conclusão Medidas profiláticas de contenção da disfagia podem promover importantes benefícios sobre a ingesta oral dos pacientes com câncer de cabeça e pescoço, quando comparados aqueles que não realizaram tal medida terapêutica ao longo da radioterapia.


ABSTRACT Purpose To identify the effects of prophylactic, non-pharmacological measures on the progression of dysphagia in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Research strategies The search was performed in Medline (via PubMed), Scopus, and Embase databases, as well as in the gray literature. Selection criteria Randomized clinical trials were included, with adult patients (≥ 18 years old) and diagnosed with head and neck cancer, treated with radiotherapy (with or without surgery and chemotherapy), and submitted to non-pharmacological protocols for the prevention of dysphagia. Data analysis The risk of bias was assessed using the PEDRO scale and the overall quality of evidence was assessed using the GRADE instrument. Results Four studies were considered eligible, and of these, two were included in the meta-analysis. The result favored the intervention group, with a mean difference of 1.27 [95% CI: 0.74 to 1.80]. There was low heterogeneity and the mean score for risk of bias was 7.5 out of 11 points. The lack of detail in the care with selection, performance, detection, attrition, and reporting biases contributed to the judgment of the quality of the evidence, considered low. Conclusion Prophylactic measures to contain dysphagia can promote important benefits on the oral intake of patients with head and neck cancer when compared to those who did not undergo such a therapeutic measure during radiotherapy.

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Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 933-939, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998265

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ObjectiveTo analyze the correlation between the changes of swallowing function and aspiration in stroke patients using videofluroscopic swallowing study. MethodsFrom January, 2014 to December, 2021, 240 stroke patients who underwent videofluroscopic swallowing study in the radiology department of Xuzhou Central Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into aspiration group (n = 108, ≥ grade 5) and non-aspiration group (n = 132, < grade 5) according to Rosenbek Penetration/Aspiration Scale (PAS). The swallowing function changes in the oral and pharyngeal phases were compared between two groups according to Videofluoroscopic Dysphagia Scale, the risk factors of aspiration were analyzed using Logistic multivariate regression. ResultsThere were significant differences in incomplete lip closure, impaired bolus formation, apraxia, incomplete tongue-to-palate contact, premature bolus loss, prolonged oral transit time, delayed triggering of pharyngeal swallow, epiglottis folding dysfunction, pyriform sinus residue, and coating of pharyngeal wall (χ2 > 5.802, P < 0.05). Prolonged oral transit time (OR = 3.964, P = 0.036), delayed triggering of pharyngeal swallow (OR = 5.684, P < 0.001), epiglottis folding dysfunction (OR = 11.571, P < 0.001) and pyriform sinus residue (OR = 4.524, P = 0.002) were correlated with aspiration. ConclusionProlonged oral transit time, delayed triggering of pharyngeal swallow, epiglottis folding dysfunction and pyriform sinus residue are risk factors of aspiration after stroke.

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Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1147-1153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998209

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ObjectiveTo explore a feasible animal model of dysphagia after stroke. MethodsTwenty-two clean Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal group (n = 11) and model group (n = 11). The model of dysphagia after stroke was established by the thread embolism, and the normal group received no intervention. The latency of the first swallowing attack and the number of swallowing were recorded three and seven days after modeling. The cerebral infarction was detected by TTC staining, and the neuronal apoptosis in ischemic brain was detected by TUNEL fluorescence staining. ResultsCompared with the normal group, the swallowing latency prolonged and the number of swallowing reduced three days in the model group, however, there was no significant difference (P > 0.05); seven days after modeling, the swallowing latency prolonged (P < 0.05), and the number of swallowing slightly reduced with little significant difference (P > 0.05). Compared with the normal group, the brain tissue showed obvious infarction area and a large number of apoptotic cells, while the body mass reduced in the model group (P < 0.05). ConclusionThe model rats express some features of dysphagia, which may become a transformation model of dysphagia after stroke.

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Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 187-195, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996961

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@#Introduction: This methodological research study aimed to measure content validity and reliability of a newly developed questionnaire of knowledge, attitudes, and self-reported practices towards pureed diet preparation (KAP DYS Puree) among hospital food handlers for dysphagia management. Methods: The study was conducted through face validation, content validation, content reliability and construct validation. A cross-sectional design with convenience sampling was carried out involving 4 panels for face validation, 10 raters for content validity and 161 food handlers participated for Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), while 30 food handlers were involved for test-retest reliability. The questionnaire which consisted of 40 items distributed into 3 domains and was assessed and analyzed using modified kappa (k*) for reliability. Results: Content Validity Index revealed the following I-CVI values: knowledge = 0.915, attitudes = 0.922 and self-reported practices = 0.900 and modified kappa values (k*) knowledge = 0.983, attitudes = 0.9214 and self-reported practices = 0.899. The EFA was employed for two dimensions which were self-reported practices and attitudes based on principal axis of factoring with varimax rotation. The factor analysis yielded two factors with a total of 10 items in the attitudes domain and two factors with a total of 9 items in the self-reported practices domain that had satisfactory factor loading (> 0.3). The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) values for attitudes = 0.816 and self-reported practices = 0.776. Bartlett’s test of sphericity was significant at p < 0.0001 for attitudes and self-reported practices indicating the suitability of this data for factor analysis. Interclass Correlation Index (ICC) values for attitudes = 0.739 and self-reported practices = 0.789. Conclusion: This instrument can be used as a need assessment tool in the development of a comprehensive training module for pureed diet preparations in dysphagia management.

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Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 695-701, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995235

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Objective:To seek any correlation between and prognosis and hospitalization costs of stroke survivors with dysphagia.Methods:The records of 1370 stroke survivors admitted to the rehabilitation departments of 3 public hospitals in Weifang were studied. Of them, 499 (36.4%) were diagnosed with dysphagia and 871 were not. Binary logistic regression and multiple linear regression were employed to analyze the correlation between dysphagia and the occurrence of pneumonia, modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores, modified Barthel index (MBI) scores, length of stay and total hospitalization cost.Results:After adjusting for confounding factors, the risk of pneumonia in the dysphagia group was 2.4 times higher. At discharge, the risk of an mRS≥3 was 3.3 times greater and that of an MBI score <60 was 1.7 times greater with dysphagia. Multiple stepwise linear regression showed that dysphagia was significantly associated with higher mRS scores at discharge, lower MBI scores, and longer hospital stays. The standardized regression coefficients predict that after the length of stay, dysphagia is the strongest predictor of the cost of hospitalisation, followed by ADL ability, pneumonia, supratentorial, haemorrhagic stroke and CCI.Conclusions:Dysphagia is a significant predictor of the hospitalization costs of stroke patients. It is recommended to identify and treat dysphagia as early as possible to improve the prognosis of such patients and reduce the economic burden.

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Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 620-627, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995228

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Objective:To observe any effects of contralateral repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the swallowing motor cortex on the swallowing and brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) of stroke survivors with dysphagia.Methods:A total of 83 stroke survivors with dysphagia were randomly divided into an ipsilesional stimulation group ( n=22), a contralesional stimulation group ( n=21), a bilateral stimulation group ( n=20), and a control group ( n=20). In addition to their conventional dysphagia training, those in the three stimulation groups received 3Hz rTMS while the control group was given fake stimulation. The treatment was administered daily for 20 minutes, 6 days a week, for 5 consecutive weeks. Before and after the treatment, swallowing function was assessed videofluoroscopically and using the Dysphagia Outcome and Severity Scale (DOSS). The oral and pharyngeal stages of swallowing were evaluated using the videofluoroscopic dysphagia scale (VDS). Brain stem conduction was assessed using BAEPs. Results:After treatment the average DOSS scores of all 4 groups were significantly better than before the treatment. The average DOSS scores of the contralesional and bilateral sti-mulation groups were then significantly better than those of the other two groups. The sub-item and total VDS scores of all 4 groups had decreased significantly, but the average score of the bilateral stimulation group was significantly lower than the control group′s average. Ipsilesional stimulation significantly improved the VDS sub-item scores for the triggering of pharyngeal swallowing, laryngeal elevation, and pharyngeal transit time compared with the control group. In the contralesional stimulation group the average total score and the VDS sub-item scores for apraxia, premature bolus loss, oral transit times, the triggering of pharyngeal swallowing, vallecular residue, laryngeal elevation, coating on the pharyngeal wall, and pharyngeal transit time were significantly lower than those of the control group, on average. After the treatment the latencies of BAEP waves I, III and V and the I-III, III-V and I-V interpeak intervals had decreased significantly in all four groups, but the average latencies and intervals of the bilateral and contralesional groups were significantly shorter than those of the control group. The latencies and intervals of the bilateral stimulation group were then significantly shorter than those in the ipsilesional stimulation group on average. The average latency of wave V in the bilateral stimulation group (6.53±0.73ms) was significantly shorter than that in the contralesional stimulation group after the treatment.Conclusion:Bilateral rTMS over the swallowing motor cortex combined with conventional dysphagia training can significantly improve the swallowing of dysphagic stroke survivors.

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Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 414-417, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995210

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Objective:To observe any effect of combining vibroacoustic therapy with audio-visual feedback on the swallowing and the emotional state of persons with a swallowing disorder after a brainstem stroke.Methods:Fifty brainstem stroke survivors with dysphagia were randomly divided into a control group and a combination group, each of 25. In addition to routine swallowing function training, the control group received additional direct feeding training, while the combination group was provided with vibroacoustic feeding training and swallowing stimulation from an animated audio-visual presentation. Before and after the treatment, the subjects′ swallowing function was quantified using the Standard Swallowing Assessment (SSA) scale and the Gugging swallowing screen (GUSS). The Positive and Negative Emotions Scale (PNAS) was used to quantify their emotional state.Results:After the treatment the average SSA scores of both groups had decreased significantly, while the average GUSS and PNAS scores had increased significantly. The average improvements in all three measures were significantly greater in the combination group than in the control group.Conclusion:In addition to routine swallowing function training, feeding training applying vibroacoustics and audio-visual stimulation can significantly improve the feeding function and emotional state of brainstem stroke survivors with dysphagia.

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Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 119-124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995184

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Objective:To observe any effect of electroacupuncture applied to the Jialianquan points in treating post-stroke oropharyngeal dysphagia.Methods:Forty-five stroke survivors with oropharyngeal dysphagia were randomly divided into an electroacupuncture group ( n=15), a neuromuscular electrical stimulation group ( n=15) and a control group ( n=15). All groups received 30 minutes of routine swallowing function training 5 times a week for 3 weeks. The electroacupuncture group was additionally provided with 30 minutes of electroacupuncture applied to the Jialianquan (CV23) points, and the neuromuscular electrical stimulation group instead received 30 minutes of neuromuscular electrical stimulation over the bilateral submental muscles. Videofluoroscopic swallowing studies were performed before and after the 3 weeks of treatment. Standardized swallowing assessment was conducted producing functional oral intake scale ratings, modified barium swallow impairment profiles and the penetration-aspiration scale scores. Surface electromyography was also employed to evaluate submental muscle functioning through measuring the swallowing time, average EMG (AEMG) value and peak amplitude. Results:After the treatment, significant improvement was observed in all of the evaluations with both groups, but the average scores were significantly better in the electroacupuncture and neuromuscular electrical stimulation groups compared with the control group and significantly better in the electroacupuncture group than in the neuromuscular electrical stimulation group.Conclusion:Electroacupuncture at the Jialianquan point can significantly improve the swallowing of stroke survivors with oropharyngeal dysphagia. It is more effective than neuromuscular electric stimulation.

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