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1.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1193-1202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921861

ABSTRACT

As a common disease in nervous system, epilepsy is possessed of characteristics of high incidence, suddenness and recurrent seizures. Timely prediction with corresponding rescues and treatments can be regarded as effective countermeasure to epilepsy emergencies, while most accidental injuries can thus be avoided. Currently, how to use electroencephalogram (EEG) signals to predict seizure is becoming a highlight topic in epilepsy researches. In spite of significant progress that made, more efforts are still to be made before clinical applications. This paper reviews past epilepsy studies, including research records and critical technologies. Contributions of machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) on seizure predictions have been emphasized. Since feature selection and model generalization limit prediction ratings of conventional ML measures, DL based seizure predictions predominate future epilepsy studies. Consequently, more exploration may be vitally important for promoting clinical applications of epileptic seizure prediction.


Subject(s)
Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/diagnosis , Humans , Machine Learning , Seizures/diagnosis , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687626

ABSTRACT

Seizures during sleep increase the probability of complication and sudden death. Effective prediction of seizures in sleep allows doctors and patients to take timely treatments to reduce the aforementioned probability. Most of the existing methods make use of electroencephalogram (EEG) to predict seizures, which are not specific developed for the sleep. However, EEG during sleep has its characteristics compared with EEG during other states. Therefore, in order to improve the sensitivity and reduce the false alarm rate, this paper utilized the characteristics of EEG to predict seizures during sleep. We firstly constructed the feature vector including the absolute power spectrum, the relative power spectrum and the power spectrum ratio in different frequencies. Secondly, the separation criterion and branch-and-bound method were applied to select features. Finally, support vector machine classifier were trained, which is then employed for online prediction. Compared with the existing method that do not consider the characteristics of sleeping EEG (sensitivity 91.67%, false alarm rate 9.19%), the proposed method was superior in terms of sensitivity (100%) and false alarm rate (2.11%). This method can improve the existing epilepsy prediction methods and has important clinical value.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687610

ABSTRACT

We proposed a new deep learning model by analyzing electroencephalogram signals to reduce the complexity of feature extraction and improve the accuracy of recognition of fatigue status of pilots. For one thing, we applied wavelet packet transform to decompose electroencephalogram signals of pilots to extract the δ wave (0.4-3 Hz), θ wave (4-7 Hz), α wave (8-13 Hz) and β wave (14-30 Hz), and the combination of them was used as de-nosing electroencephalogram signals. For another, we proposed a deep contractive auto-encoding network-Softmax model for identifying pilots' fatigue status. Its recognition results were also compared with other models. The experimental results showed that the proposed deep learning model had a nice recognition, and the accuracy of recognition was up to 91.67%. Therefore, recognition of fatigue status of pilots based on deep contractive auto-encoding network is of great significance.

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