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1.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 221-226, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006861

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To develop and verify a double-antibody sandwich ELISA method for the detection of process-specific E.coli residual protein in recombinant biological preparations.Methods Taking the production and purification process of glucagon-like peptide(GLP)expressed by E.coli as the specific process model,the same process was used to intercept the residual protein of empty E.coli(normal E.coli that does not express recombinant protein). One female New Zealand white rabbit and six female Kunming mice were immunized with the residual protein as the immunogen. Using the IgG antibody purified from rabbit immune serum as the coating antibody,mouse immune serum as the second sandwich antibody,and antimouse IgG-HRP as the enzyme-labeled secondary antibody,a double antibody sandwich ELISA method for process-specific residual protein of E.coli was established. The specificity,accuracy and precision of the method were verified,and the limit of detection(LOD)was determined. Simultaneously,the developed method and the commercial E.coli host protein residue detection kit were used to quantitatively determine the residual protein of purified GLP preparation.Results After a series of gradient dilution of process-specific residual protein with known concentration,the sensitivity of this ELISA method reached 338 pg/mL. No cross reaction occurred in the detection of CHO and yeast cell lysis protein by this method,the recoveries of samples with low,medium and high concentrations were all in the range of 80% — 120%,and the intra-assay and inter-assay CVs of the empty E.coli interception standard with low,medium and high concentrations were all less than15%. For the residual protein in GLP preparation,about 62% of the residual proteins were not detected by the commercial non-process-specific ELISA kit compared with the total amount of residual proteins detected by the developed method,and these residual proteins should be the process-specific residual proteins.Conclusion The double antibody sandwich ELISA method developed in this study has high sensitivity,strong specificity,good accuracy and precision for the detection of process-specific E.coli residual protein,which can meet the detection requirements that the residual protein is less than0. 01% — 0. 1% in biological preparations.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 12-20, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005248

ABSTRACT

In the quality control of Chinese medicine, the detection of active components and toxic and harmful components are two important links. Although conventional methods such as high performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry can accurately quantify the above substances, they have shortcomings such as complicated operation, high costs, inability of detection at any time, difficult detection of insoluble and macromolecular substances. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) can adsorb antigens or antibodies on the surface of solid carriers and realize qualitative or quantitative analysis of targets by using the specific reactions of antigens and antibodies. This method is praised for the simple operation, high sensitivity, strong specificity, simple requirements for experimental equipment, a wide application range, and low costs. In recent years, ELISA has been widely used in the quality control of Chinese medicine, especially in the content determination of mycotoxins represented by aflatoxin and the qualitative and quantitative analysis of active components. ELISA plays an increasingly important role with its unique advantages, providing new methods and ideas for the rapid quality examination of large quantities of Chinese medicines. This paper reviews the research progress in ELISA for the quality control of Chinese medicine in recent years and prospects its technical development and application prospects, aiming to provide reference and research ideas for further using this method to ensure the quality, safety, and controllability of Chinese medicine.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 322-328, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013396

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To establish and verify a universal and stable potency test method in vitro for SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine,so as to use it for the quality control of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine.Methods ELISA kits that could bind well to S protein of SARS-CoV-2 variants,as well as transfected cells,cell plating concentrations and doses for transfection were screened,and then a potency test method for SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine in vitro was established and verified.Results An ELISA kit was found with good binding ability to S protein of each variant,and HEK293T cells were determined as the transfection cells,with the plating concentration of 2.5 × 10~5 cells/mL and the transfection dose of 4 μg/well in the 6-well plate.An universal and stable potency test method for SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine in vitro was established.The verification results showed that the method met the quality control needs.Conclusion The established potency test method in vitro for SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine has good relative accuracy,linearity,intermediate precision and range,and can be applied to the quality control of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines.

4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223557

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: The diagnosis of scrub typhus (ST) is usually done using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) due to its ease of performance and reading objectivity. The cut-off value for ELISA needs to be calculated for each geographical location as it depends on zonal endemicity of the disease. This study was, therefore, undertaken to calculate the pan-India cut-off for anti-Orientia tsutsugamushi (OT) immunoglobulin M (IgM) by ELISA. Methods: Samples from cases (cases of ST) and controls (voluntary, consenting, healthy adults) were collected by a network of 29 laboratories across India and tested for anti-OT IgM by immunofluorescence assay (IFA), the considered gold standard test. These samples were retested by ELISA for anti-OT IgM and their optical densities (ODs) were used for cut-off estimation by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: Anti-OT IgM ELISA ODs from 273 controls and 136 cases were used for the cut-off estimation. The ODs of the anti-OT IgM ELISA on healthy individuals and those of confirmed ST cases ranged from 0.1 to 0.75 and 0.5 to 4.718, respectively. ROC curve-based cut-off for ELISA was calculated as 0.554 at a sensitivity of 95.2 per cent and specificity of 95.1 per cent. A value of >1 was noted to have a specificity of 100 per cent in diagnosing ST. Interpretation & conclusions: The cut-off calculated for India was similar to the previous cut-off that was used until now.

5.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 21: eAO0375, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520844

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Published studies have shown associations between anti-ribosomal P (anti-P) antibody and systemic lupus erythematosus with hepatic manifestations. This has been reported also in autoimmune hepatitis. However, the consistency of the latter association remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the frequency of anti-P antibodies in autoimmune hepatitis using two different immunoassays. Methods One-hundred and seventy-seven patients with autoimmune hepatitis were screened, and 142 were analyzed for anti-P antibody positivity. The samples were first analyzed using two different immunoassays: enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and chemiluminescence and then compared with a group of 60 patients with systemic lupus erythematous. The positive samples were subjected to western blot analysis. Results Anti-P was found in 5/142 autoimmune hepatitis cases (3.5%) by chemiluminescence and in none by ELISA. Among the five chemiluminescence-positive autoimmune hepatitis samples, on anti-P western blot analysis one was negative, two were weakly positive, and two were positive. In contrast, anti-P was detected in 10/60 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (16.7%) and presented higher chemiluminescence units than the autoimmune hepatitis samples. Conclusion A low frequency of anti-P antibodies was observed in autoimmune hepatitis, suggesting that this test is not useful for the diagnosis or management of this disease.

6.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 46(1)2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448295

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: la sensibilidad subóptima de las pruebas coproparasitológicas dificulta el diagnóstico de la estrongiloidiasis. Los métodos serológicos son más sensibles, pero los estudios en pacientes inmunodeprimidos son escasos. El objetivo del estudio fue de evaluar la sensibilidad de una prueba ELISA comercial en pacientes inmunodeprimidos. Métodos: se realizó en Bolivia un estudio multicéntrico en pacientes con cáncer, VIH, enfermedades reumatológicas y hematológicas. 88 pacientes con larvas de S.stercoralis en heces identificadas mediante técnicas coproparasitológicas tuvieron una prueba serológica ELISA (Bordier Affinity Products). Resultados: la sensibilidad de la técnica ELISA fue de 77,3% (61/88) (CI95%: 67,7-85,1). La sensibilidad de este test serológico fue identificada más baja en pacientes HIV+ con CD4300 o una serología VIH desconocida (84,2%) (p=0,035). Conclusiones: la sensibilidad del ELISA es inversamente proporcional al grado de inmunosupresión. Este resultado refuerza la recomendación de diagnosticar la estrongiloidiasis mediante una combinación de técnicas serológicas y coproparasitológicas.


Objectives: the sensitivity of coproparasitological tests for the diagnosis of strongyloidiasis are suboptimal. Serological methods are more sensitive, but studies among immunocompromised patients are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of a commercial ELISA test among immunocompromised patients. Methods: a multicenter study was conducted in Bolivia among patients with cancer, HIV, rheumatologic or hematologic diseases. 88 patients with S. stercoralis larvae in stool identified by coproparasitological techniques had an ELISA serological test (Bordier Affinity Products). Results: the sensitivity of the ELISA technique was 77,3% (61/88) (CI95%: 67,7-85,1), and was identified lower among HIV+ patients with CD4300 or unknown HIV serology (84,2%) (p=0,035). Conclusions: the sensitivity of ELISA is inversely proportional to the degree of immunosuppression. This result reinforces the recommendation to diagnose strongyloidiasis by a combination of serological and coproparasitological techniques.

7.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422789

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Serodiagnosis of strongyloidiasis is usually performed by ELISA for the detection of IgG antibodies due to its high sensitivity and practicality, but its main limitation is a constant source of S. stercoralis antigens. The use of S. venezuelensis as a heterologous source of antigens has facilitated several published studies on the serodiagnosis and epidemiology of human strongyloidiasis. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of surface cuticle antigens of infective larvae of S. venezuelensis extracted with CTAB detergent (L3-CTAB) in comparison with soluble somatic extracts (L3-SSE) using a panel of sera from immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals, at three different cut-offs. ROC curve analysis showed that L3-CTAB had an AUC of 0.9926. At the first cut-off value (OD 450 nm = 0.214), sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 90.11%, respectively, with a diagnostic accuracy of 0.93. At a second cut-off value (OD 450 nm = 0.286), sensitivity and specificity were 70% and 100%, respectively, with a diagnostic accuracy of 0.91. However, at an alternative third cut-off value (OD 450 nm = 0.589), sensitivity and specificity were 95% and 97.8%, respectively, with a diagnostic accuracy of 0.97. Using L3-CTAB as an antigenic source, the seropositivity rate in immunocompromised patients was 28.13% (9/32) whereas a seropositivity rate of 34.38% (11/32) was found when L3-SSE was used in ELISA. Therefore, the L3-CTAB is simple and practical to obtain and was found to be highly sensitive and specific.

8.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1414-1418, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005862

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To compare three methods for detection of antibody level in serum immunized with SARS-CoV-2mRNA vaccine. Methods Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA),pseudo virus-based neutralization assay(PBNA)and micro-cytopathic effect neutralization test(MCPENT)were used to detect the antibody levels of a total of 120 serum samples(40 before immunization and 80 after immunization)before and after 2 doses of mRNA vaccine immunization,and the consistency and correlation of the three methods were analyzed. Results The consistency rates of the three methods detecting 120 serum samples were all over 90%,the Kappa coefficients were all more than 0. 7,and each P was less than0. 01. The correlation coefficient(r)between the antibody potency results of positive serum samples detected by the three methods was 0. 825~0. 902,and each P was less than 0. 01. Conclusion The three methods have good consistency and correlation in detecting antibody level of serum immunized with SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccine.

9.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 827-830, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004751

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the effectiveness of random quality control sampling in blood sample detetion by ELISA. 【Methods】 Blood samples of 5 mL specification of blood donors from our blood station from May to July 2022 were selected for routine operation on a fully automated sampler. J standard substances(3 mL specification) as daily samples were added to A1 well, H12 well and random wells of HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti-HIV, and -TP, and then placed in a fully automated enzyme immunoassay analyzer for testing. With random well quality control as the internal quality control judgment standard, 20 consecutive tests were conducted and were divided into A1 (well) group, H12 (well) group and random (well) group according to different well positions. Quality control maps were drawn using Levey-Jennings quality control chart with random group as the framework, and were compared with the quality control map of A1 well and H12 well results in the same day. 【Results】 The mean quality control levels of infectious indicators of blood transfusion in blood donors by ELISA were: HBsAg 3.87±0.28, anti-HCV 3.79±0.38, anti-HIV 3.64±0.30 and anti-TP 4.53±0.51. 【Comparison】 of HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti-HIV and anti-TP, between random group, A1 group and H12 group were HBsAg 3.87± 0.28 vs 4.09±0.30 vs 3.64±0.26, anti-HCV 3.78±0.37 vs 3.96±0.38 vs 3.63±0.38, anti-HIV 3.63±0.31 vs 3.82±0.32 vs 3.48±0.28 and anti-TP 4.51±0.51 vs 4.71±0.52 vs 4.36±0.51, The S/CO value of each indicator were H12 group<random group<Al group (P<0.05), and the mean quality control levels of random group were similar to each detection indicator (P>0.05) . Using random group as the quality control framework standard, 5 points in group A1 fell outside of +2s, and 1 point in group H12 fell outside of -2s, resulting in a total of 6 alarms. With the quality control substance placed in A1 well of the ELISA plate, the judgment of detection results of the entire ELISA plate could be inevitably affected, especially the last row of low concentration virus marker samples on the ELISA plate. 【Conclusion】 The application of random quality control sampling method in donor blood by ELISA is scientific and reasonable, which can reduce the systematic error caused by artificial setting of ELISA plate fixed well positions and can also discover edge effects that affect the detection results.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 818-822, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004749

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To establish an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method for the determination of residual human coagulation factor Ⅺ in human prothrombin complex and validate the method. 【Methods】 Human factor Ⅺ was reacted with the capture antibody coated on the microtiter plate. After appropriate washing steps, biotinylated primary antibody was bound to the captured protein. Excess primary antibody was washed away and bound antibody was reacted with horseradish peroxidase conjugated streptavidin. TMB substrate was used for color development at 450 nm. The dilution reliability, accuracy, specificity, repeatability, intermediate precision, linearity, range and durability were verified. 【Results】 The verification results showed that the accuracy and specificity of this method met the experimental requirements, with an average recovery rate of 109.2% and RSD of 6.93%. The repeatability RSD was 6.78%, and the intermediate precision RSD was 6.75%, indicating good precision. The linear regression correlation coefficient of standard curve was 0.999 9, showing good accuracy and precision within the linear range. The durability was verified by the incubation time and the validity period of reagent kit opening. The results showed that the RSD of the incubation time change was 6.62%, indicating that the incubation time of this detection method was controlled between 28 to 32 minutes, and there was no significant impact on the results. The RSD of the detection results before and after the reagent kit was opened and stored under conditions for 7 days was 3.84%, indicating that the preservation of the reagent kit according to the conditions for 7 days after opening has no effect on the FⅪ detection results. Both indicated that the method had good durability. The dilution reliability results showed that there was a "hook" effect in the detection of FⅪ residue in human prothrombin complex, which could be solved by diluting 100 to 200 times. 【Conclusion】 This method can be used for the determination of FⅪ residues of human prothrombin complex in laboratory.

11.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 113-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015249

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between serum adiponectin levels and body composition of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women in central and western Gansu province, and explore the influencing factors of adiponectin levels. Methods The body weight, body mass index(BMI), waist-to-hip, fat mass, percentage of body fat, visceral fat mass and muscle mass of 638 women(317 in perimenopausal period and 321 in postmenopausal period) in central and western Gansu were measured by bioelectrical impedance analyzer. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)was used to measure serum adiponectin levels. Pearson correlation analysis and multiple liner regression were used to investigate the relationship between adiponectin levels and body composition. Results The body muscle mass of women living in central and western Gansu province showed a downward trend after menopause period compared to those who were in perimenopause. The waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, percentage of body fat, visceral fat mass of postmenopauseal women showed an increasing trend compared to perimenopausal. There were no significant differences in BMI, fat mass and serum adiponectin levels. Overall, serum adiponectin levels were positively correlated with body fat percentage and visceral fat mass, and negatively correlated with muscle mass, and the main influencing factors of serum adiponectin levels were visceral fat mass. Conclusion The main influencing factors of serum adiponectin levels in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women living in central and western Gansu province are the visceral fat mass.

12.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 283-288, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015214

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To study the effects of pranlinide on cognitive behavior, β amyloid(Aβ) protein 6E10, inflammatory factors and neuronal cell morphology in brain and retina of 5×FAD mice and WT mice. Methods Thirty two 5×FAD mice and 16 WT mice were selected. All were female. 5×FAD mice were randomly divided into blank group and treatment group; No treatment was given in WT group. Blank group was intraperitoneally injected with PBS; treatment group was received intraperitoneal injection of pranlinide once a day for 8 weeks. The changes of cognitive ability were measured by Morris water maze test. The expression of Aβ6E10 protein in mice hippocampal cells and retina was detected by immunohistochemistry. Tumor necrosis factor α(NF-α) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The same method was also used for interleukin-1β(IL-1β) detection (The content of inflammatory factors). The arrangement and morphology of nerve cells in mouse hippocampal tissue were determined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Results The latency time of treatment group was shorter than that of 5×FAD group,and the times of crossing the platform and the percentage of target quadrant stay in the treatment group were higher than those in the 5×FAD group, and the differences were statistically significant (P0. 05). Compared with the 5×FAD group, the nerve cells in the treatment group were arramged in order and clear relatively. The distribution of glial cells was concentrated; The surrounding clearance was small. Conclusion Pranlinide can improve the cognitive ability of mice. The arrangement of nerve cells is regular, the shape is regular and the boundary is clear; The distribution of glial cells is concentrated; surrounding of clearance decrease. Aβ6E10 is synchronized in brain and retina.

13.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 660-667, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015172

ABSTRACT

Objective To stud)' the nerve repair effect of olanzapine on schizophrenia model rats through its effect on cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB)/brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/receptor tyrosine kinase receptors B (TrkB) pathway. Methods Total 60 rats were divided into control group, model group, olanzapine low, middle and high dose group. The rats in the model group, olanzapine low, middle and high dose groups were injected intraperitoneally with MK-801[0. 2 mg/(kg-d) ], while the control injected with the same amount of normal saline. The low, middle and high dose olanzapine groups were perfused with olanzapine solution of 0. 5 mg/(kg-d),1. 0 mg/(kg-d) and 1. 5 mg/(kg-d) respectively. The behavior of rats was scored according to ataxia and stereotyped behavior standards, cognitive function and learning ability were evaluated by Moms water maze test, serum tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were detected by ELISA method, hippocampal histopathology was observed under microscope, and apoptosis and expression of CREB/BDNF/TrkB pathway related proteins in hippocampus were detected. Results Compared with the control group, the ataxia, the score of stereotyped behavior, the expression of TNF-a, IL-6 and the rate of apoptosis in the model group increased significantly (P < 0 . 01). Compared with the control group, the number of crossing the platform, the time of staying in the target quadrant and the relative expression of CREB, p-CREB, p-TrkB, TrkB and BDNF protein in the model group decreased significantly (P<0. 01), and those in the low and middle dose olanzapine groups decreased significantly (P < 0 . 05). Compared with the model group, the times of crossing the platform and the stay time in the target quadrant increased significantly in the low and middle dose olanzapine groups (P< 0. 05). In the model group and the low dose olanzapine group, the hippocampal cells were swollen obviously, the nucleus was broken and divided, pyknosis, and the tissue aiTangement was disorderly, while the phenomenon of fragmentation and nuclear pyknosis was rarely seen in the middle and high dose olanzapine groups. Conclusion The nerve repair mechanism of olanzapine on schizophrenic model rats is related to improving cognitive impainnent, protecting hippocampal neurons and activating the expression of CREB/BDNF/TrkB signal pathway in rats.

14.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 644-651, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015164

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of melatonin ( MLT) on the initiation of puberty in female mice and on the expression level of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases ( PI3K)/protein kinase B ( Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway in the frypothalamus. Methods Seventy-eight 20-day-old female KM mice were randomly divided into melatonin (MLT) group and normal saline (NS) group, with 39 mice in each group. Starting at 22 days of age, the MLT group was given a subcutaneous injection of 1 mg/kg melatonin and the NS group was given an equal volume of saline. Thirty-two days of age were selected as the sampling point before puberty initiation and 13 mice were executed in each of the two groups, while 37 and 42 days of age were selected as the sampling point after puberty initiation and 13 mice were executed in each of the two groups. Observation of vaginal opening time in mice, weighing of ovaries and uterus to calculate organ indices. HE staining to observe the number of ovarian corpora lutea. The levels of serum luteinizing hormone (LH)were determined by ELISA. The mRNA and protein expression levels of PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway in frypothalamus were detected by Real-time PCR and Western blotting. Results Compared with the normal saline group, mice in the melatonin group had significantly delayed vaginal opening time ( P < 0. 05 ) , decreased significantly ovarian and uterine volume and index (P<0. 05) , decreased significantly serum LH levels (P<0. 05) , and decreased significantly mRNA and protein expression levels of the frypothalamic PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway (P<0. 05). Conclusion Melatonin delays puberty initiation in mice by a mechanism that ma)' be related to inhibition of the hypothalamic PI3K/Akt/mTOR signalling pathway.

15.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 652-659, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015162

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To explore the inhibitory effect of sodium ferulate (SF) on the inflammatory response in migraine rats by regulating the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) / p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) signaling pathway. Methods The migraine rat model was prepared by intraperitoneal injection of nitroglycerin. After successful modeling, the rats were randomly grouped into model group, SF low dose (SF-L) group (50 mg/ kg), SF high dose (SF-H) group (100 mg/ kg), SF+JNK inhibitor (SF + SP600125) group (SF 100 mg/ kg +SP600125 10 mg/ kg), and SF+JNK activator [SF + anisomycin(AN)] group (SF 100 mg/ kg +AN 5 mg/ kg), 12 in each group, another 12 SD rats without treatment were taken as blank group. The behavioral changes of the rats in each group were observed 24 hours after the administration, the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum were detected by ELISA, the neuronal apoptosis in brain tissue was observed by TUNEL staining, immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6 and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in brain tissue, Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of JNK/ p38 MAPK pathway-related proteins in brain tissue. Results Compared with the blank group, the number of times of scratching the head and climbing the cage of the rats in the model group increased significantly, and the apoptosis rate of neurons increased significantly; the content of 5-HT in serum decreased significantly, and the levels of NO, TNF-α and IL-6 increased significantly; the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6 and CGRP, and the ratios of phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) / JNK and phosphorylated p38 MAPK(p-p38 MAPK) / p38 MAPK in brain tissue obviously increased (all P<0. 05). Compared with the model group, the number of times of scratching the head and the times of climbing the cage of the rats in the SF-L group and the SF-H group reduced significantly, and the neuron apoptosis rate reduced significantly; the content of 5-HT in serum increased significantly, and the levels of NO, TNF-α and IL-6 decreased significantly; the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6 and CGRP, and the ratios of p-JNK/ JNK and p-p38 MAPK/ p38 MAPK in brain tissue obviously decreased (all P<0. 05). Compared with SF-H group, the protective effect of SF on migraine rats in SF+SP600125 group enhanced significantly; the protective effect of SF on migraine rats in the SF+AN group reversed significantly. Conclusion SF may inhibit the expression of JNK/ p38 MAPK signaling pathway, effectively inhibit neurogenic inflammatory response in migraine rats, reduce neuronal apoptosis, and achieve a protective effect on migraine rats.

16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2919-2924, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981423

ABSTRACT

Zearalenone(ZEN) is a toxic metabolite produced by Fusarium culmorum, F. graminearum, F. tricinctum, and other fungi, with estrogenic characteristics. Exposure to or ingestion of ZEN during pregnancy can cause reproductive dysfunction, miscarriage, stillbirth, and malformation, and seriously endanger human life and health. The detection methods for ZEN in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) are liquid chromatography(LC) and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS), and it is stipulated that ZEN should not exceed 500 μg in 1 000 g of Coicis Semen. Although these detection methods by instruments can achieve the qualitative and quantitative analysis of ZEN in Coicis Semen, their high detection cost and long periods hinder the rapid screening of a large number of samples in the field. In this study, the synthesized ZEN hapten was conjugated with bovine serum albumin(BSA) and ovalbumin(OVA) to obtain the complete ZEN antigen. By virtue of antibody preparation techniques, ZEN monoclonal antibody 4F6 was prepared, which showed 177.5%, 137.1%, and 109.7% cross-reactivity with ZEN structural analogs zearalanol, zearalenone, and α-zearalenol, respectively, and no cross-reactivity with other fungal toxins such as aflatoxin. Direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(dcELISA) based on ZEN monoclonal antibody 4F6 was developed for the determination of ZEN in Coicis Semen with an IC_(50) of 1.3 μg·L~(-1) and a detection range of 0.22-21.92 μg·L~(-1). The recoveries were 83.91%-105.3% and the RSD was 4.4%-8.0%. The established dcELISA method was used to determine the ZEN residuals in nine batches of Coicis Semen samples, and the results were validated by LC-MS. The correlation between the two detection methods was found to be 0.993 9, indicating that the established dcELISA could be used for the rapid qualitative and quantitative detection of ZEN residuals in Coicis Semen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Zearalenone , Coix , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mycotoxins , Antibodies, Monoclonal
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380423, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439115

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) confers cardioprotection against ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. However, the precise mechanisms involved in RIPC-induced cardioprotection are not fully explored. The present study was aimed to identify the role of melatonin in RIPC-induced late cardioprotective effects in rats and to explore the role of H2 S, TNF-α and mitoKATP in melatoninmediated effects in RIPC. Methods: Wistar rats were subjected to RIPC in which hind limb was subjected to four alternate cycles of ischemia and reperfusion of 5 min duration by using a neonatal blood pressure cuff. After 24 h of RIPC or ramelteon-induced pharmacological preconditioning, hearts were isolated and subjected to IR injury on the Langendorff apparatus. Results: RIPC and ramelteon preconditioning protected the hearts from IR injury and it was assessed by a decrease in LDH-1, cTnT and increase in left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP). RIPC increased the melatonin levels (in plasma), H2 S (in heart) and decreased TNF-α levels. The effects of RIPC were abolished in the presence of melatonin receptor blocker (luzindole), ganglionic blocker (hexamethonium) and mitochondrial KATP blocker (5-hydroxydecanoic acid). Conclusion: RIPC produce delayed cardioprotection against IR injury through the activation of neuronal pathway, which may increase the plasma melatonin levels to activate the cardioprotective signaling pathway involving the opening of mitochondrial KATP channels, decrease in TNF-α production and increase in H2 S levels. Ramelteon-induced pharmacological preconditioning may also activate the cardioprotective signaling pathway involving the opening of mitochondrial KATP channels, decrease in TNF-α production and increase in H2 S levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Troponin/physiology , Cardiotonic Agents , Ischemic Preconditioning , Melatonin/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/veterinary , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Rats, Wistar/physiology , Mitochondria
18.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1230-1234+1241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996683

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To develop and verify a sandwich ELISA method with bovine polyclonal antibody against rabbit polyclonal antibody for the determination of D antigen content of Sabin strain inactivated poliovirus vaccine(sIPV).Methods The rabbit polyclonal antibodies were prepared with sIPV vaccine bulks of type Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ as antigens and detected for the titer and specificity by indirect ELISA.A double antibody sandwich ELISA with bovine polyclonal antibody as coating antibody and rabbit polyclonal antibody as detection antibody was developed to determine D antigen content,and the accuracy,precision and specificity to D antigen of the method were verified.sIPV vaccine samples from five domestic enterprises were detected by the developed method.Results The rabbit polyclonal antibodies for type Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ sIPV with good specificity and high titer were prepared,and the double antibody sandwich ELISA method was successfully developed.Using four-parameter fitting,all three standard curves showed good linear relationship,and R~2 values were more than 0.99.The spike recoveries of type Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ D antigens were all within 80%~120%,with average values of98.11%,97.41% and 98.66%,respectively.The CVs of repeatability and intermediate precision were all below 10%.The method also distinguished D antigens from C antigens.The developed method determined the D antigen contents of sIPV vaccines from five enterprises.Conclusion A sandwich ELISA method for determination of D antigen content in sIPV vaccine was successfully developed with satisfying accuracy,precision and certain D antigen specificity,which can be used to detect vaccines produced by different manufacturers.

19.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 1085-1092, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996598

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To prepare the second generation internal control reference(B2)for Ig G antibody against severe acute respiratory symptom coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2)and evaluate its applicability in ELISA detection method. Methods Among the volunteers vaccinated with SARS-CoV-2 inactivated vaccine(BBIBP-Cor V)produced by Beijing Institute of Biological Products Co.,Ltd.,19 Ig G antibody positive plasma samples with ELISA-Ig G dilution ratio of 20 ~ 60 were screened,and the Ig G antibody,IgM antibody and neutralizing antibody were detected by ELISA,B2 was prepared from nonlipid plasma with ELISA-Ig G dilution ratio of 32 ~ 45,IgM negative and similar neutralizing antibody inhibition rate. The neutralizing antibody potency of the first generation internal control reference(B1)and B2 detected by ELISA was calibrated with the first generation WHO international standard of anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin(NIBSC 20/136),and the accelerated stability(storage at 2 ~ 8 ℃ for 5,8,14,20,and 30 d respectively),the service stability(storage at 18 ~25 ℃ for 1,2,and 3 h respectively),the freeze-thaw stability(1,2 and 3 times)and the long-term stability(storage at-25 ℃ for10 months)of B2 were tested. B2 was used as standard to detect plasma after single vaccine immunization and mixed plasma was prepared according to different ELISA-Ig G dilution ratio. The correlation and linear regression analysis between ELISA-Ig G dilution ratio and neutralizing antibody potency of pseudovirus in mixed plasma were carried out. Results Among 19 plasma samples,5 samples were non-lipid plasma with ELISA-Ig G dilution ratio of 32 ~ 45,IgM negative and similar neutralizing antibody inhibition rate. B2 was prepared by mixing every plasma in equal volume fraction,and the dilution ratio of ELISA-Ig G was assigned to 32. The neutralizing antibody potency of B1 calibrated with NIBSC 20/136 was 133. 38 EIU/m L and that of B2 was 122. 14 EIU/m L. The recovery rates of accelerated stability,service stability,freeze-thaw stability and long-term stability of B2 were all in the range of(100 ± 15)%. The ELISA-Ig G dilution ratio of the mixed plasma from the same source was significantly correlated with the neutralizing antibody potency of pseudovirus.(each R~2> 0. 99,each P < 0. 000 1).Conclusion B2 prepared from plasma immunized with SARS-CoV-2 inactivated vaccine can replace B1 prepared from plasma of COVID-19 convalescent patients.

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Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 127-136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To grasp the distribution of fine antigenic epitope profiles of nucleoprotein (NP) and glycoprotein (GP) fragments of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) and to clarify the value of dominant antigenic epitopes in laboratory testing of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF).Methods:In a minimal synthetic short peptide consisting of 8 amino acids was segmentally expressed by CCHFV YL04057 strain using a modified bio-peptide synthesis method from 2014 to 2021 in the laboratory of Xinjiang University, College of Life Sciences. Using CCHFV polyclonal antibody or monoclonal antibody 14B7 (IgM) or CCHFV-positive sheep serum as antibodies, the minimal antigenic epitopes (BCEs) with antigenic activity on NP and GP fragments were identified by immunoblotting, and the obtained BCEs with sequence polymorphism were spatially clustered with CCHFV from different regions using the neighbor-joining method to determine the combination mode of BCEs with geographical correlation of regional distribution, to explore its application in establishing serological diagnosis. A prokaryotic expression plasmid (pET-32a), an E. coli expression plasmid (pGEX-KG) and a prokaryotic expression plasmid with an incomplete glutathione (GST188) tag (pXXGST-ST-1) were used to construct and express six dominant antigenic epitopes of different peptide lengths on NP fragments, and an indirect Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established. CCHF sheep serum identified by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was used as a control, and the specificity, sensitivity and overall compliance of the recombinant proteins with different peptide lengths of antigenic epitopes with IFA assay results were statistically analyzed. Results:CCHFV, NP and GP fragments had a total of 30 antigenically active BCEs, among which the core intermediate fragment NP2 (aa 170 th-305 th), which had a concentration of antigenic epitopes in the NP fragment, has 6 BCEs, and the NP1 (aa 1 st-200 th) and NP3 (aa 286 th-482 nd) at both ends have 9 BCEs; the Gc (aa 1 st-558 th) and Gn (aa 533 th-708 th) fragments of the GP fragment have 14 BCEs and a long antigenic peptide (AP) containing 15 amino acids, and the amino acid sequence homology of the NP fragment BCEs was 97.1% and that of the GP fragment BCEs was 89.1%. There was a significant difference ( P=0.0281, P<0.05). Among the 9 BCEs with sequence polymorphism in the GP fragment, 6 combined BCEs from GnEc1, GnE2, GnE4, GcE3, GcE6 and GcAP-4 (Ap) could cluster 15 CCHFV strains from different regions of the world into 5 geographical taxa, AsiaⅠ, AsiaⅡ, AficaⅠ, AficaⅡ and Europe. The constructs expressing PET-32a-NP (full length), PGEX-KG-NP2 (aa 170 th-305 th), pGEX-KG-NP2-1 (aa 235 th-275 th), PGEX-KG-NP2-1-1 (aa 237 th-256 th), pXXGST-1-NP2-1-2 (aa 250 th-265 th) and PGEX KG-NP2-1-3 (aa 260 th-276 th), six recombinant proteins CCHFV NP rabbit polyclonal antiserum (pAb) Western Blotting reaction positive, 33 sheep sera tested by IFA XHF as a reference, the sensitivity of the assay established by indirect ELISA using the recombinant proteins constructed from two fragments of NP2 and NP2-1 as antigens. The sensitivity, specificity and overall compliance were the best, with 73.4% (11/15) and 66.7% (10/15) for sensitivity, 100% (18/18) and 94.4% (17/18) for specificity, and 87.9% (29/33) and 81.8% (27/33) for overall compliance. Conclusion:CCHFV NP and GP are distributed with a high number of BCEs with antigenic immunoreactivity, among which the dominant antigenic epitopes are of high value in the laboratory serological diagnosis of CCHF.

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