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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1286-1292, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351455


SUMMARY OBJECTIVES: Patients being treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (anti-TNF-alpha) agents were reported to have better prognosis related to COVID-19. We evaluated the factors affecting the frequency, clinical course, and outcome of COVID-19 in patients treated with anti-TNF-alpha agents. METHODS: Patients with rheumatoid diseases and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases treated with anti-TNF-alpha agents were evaluated retrospectively. The laboratory data in routine visits, frequency of COVID-19, pneumonia, hospitalization and/or intensive care unit (ICU) follow-up and, mortality were recorded. The factors related to COVID-19 frequency and clinical outcome were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 324 patients (177 males [54.6%] and 147 females [45.4%], mean age: 45.3±12.16 years) was included in the study. In all, 44 (13.6%) patients had COVID-19; of these, 11 (25%) developed pneumonia, 7 (15.9%) were hospitalized, and 1 (2.3%) was followed up in ICU. There was no mortality. The patients with COVID-19 pneumonia were older (mean age: 52±11 years versus 41±12 years, p=0.01), had hypertension and coronary artery disease more frequently (5 cases [55.6%] versus 4 cases [44.4], p=0.02 and 2 cases [100%] versus 0 cases [0%], p=0.014, respectively), and lower eosinophil % (1.35±1.79% versus 2.3±1.45%, p=0.016). The diabetes mellitus was more frequent (66.7 versus 33.3%, p=0.013), and mean eosinophil % was lower among inpatients compared with outpatients (1.29±2.22% versus 2.19±1.37%, p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that the patients treated with anti-TNF-alpha agents having COVID-19 might have mild clinical course and better prognosis.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors/administration & dosage , COVID-19/diagnosis , Prognosis , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/drug therapy , Comorbidity , Rheumatic Diseases/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization , Middle Aged
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 864-867, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909634


Objective:To investigate the value of peripheral blood eosinophils (EOS) in predicting the therapeutic effect of sublingual specific immunotherapy (SLIT) in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR).Methods:From January 2018 to June 2020, 200 patients with AR who received SLIT in Dongguan Kanghua Hospital were evaluated for their symptoms before treatment and 6 months after treatment. The curative effect was evaluated according to the improvement of the total symptom score. The number of eosinophils, percentage of eosinophils in peripheral blood were measured before treatment. The correlation between curative effect and EOS count and EOS percentage was analyzed and the value of these two indicators in predicting the efficacy of SLIT was evaluated.Results:Of the 200 AR patients, 178 patients were confirmed to have completed the treatment course of 6months. 126 effective and 52 ineffective, the effective rates were 70.8%. There was a weak correlation between the number of EOS in peripheral blood and the percentage of EOS in peripheral blood before treatment and the efficacy of SLIT ( r=0.168, P=0.048; r=0.250, P=0.001). The area under the curve of peripheral blood EOS count was 0.380, and the percentage of peripheral blood EOS was 0.355, which were all less than 0.5. Conclusions:There was no significant correlation between the number of peripheral blood EOS count and peripheral blood EOS percentage and the efficacy of SLIT , therefore, both of blood EOS count and blood EOS percentage have no value in predicting the efficacy of SLIT.

Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 397-401, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912199


Objective:To explore the similarities and differences between children and adults with eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EGE), and to guide the diagnosis and treatment of EGE.Methods:From February 2013 to August 2018 at Xi′ an Children′ s Hospital, 18 children with EGE (child group) and from June 2008 to June 2018 at Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Air Force Medical University, 24 adults with EGE (adult group) were retrospectively selected as study subjects. The general data, clinical symptoms, laboratory examinations, imaging, endoscopy manifestations, pathological biopsy, treatment and prognosis of the two groups were analyzed. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:The proportion of child group with allergic history was higher than that of adult group (9/18 vs. 20.8%, 5/24), the incidence of nausea and vomiting was higher than that of adult group (13/18 vs. 29.2%, 7/24), the incidence of diarrhea and weight loss were both lower than those of adult group (4/18 vs. 58.5%, 14/24; 3/18 vs. 54.2%, 13/24), and the proportion of patients with elevated peripheral blood eosinophil count was lower than that of adult group (4/18 vs. 58.3%, 14/24), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=3.938, 7.644, 5.477, 6.133 and 5.477, P=0.047, 0.006, 0.019, 0.013 and 0.029). The main endoscopic manifestations of the two groups were mucosal congestion and edema (13 cases of child group and 22 cases of adult group). Mucosal roughness (7 cases) and erosion (6 cases) were also common in child group, while mucosal erosion (18 cases, 75.0%) and ulcer (8 cases, 33.3%) were more common in adult group. There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of mucosal erosion between the two groups ( χ2=7.292, P=0.007). The positive rates of biopsy in the terminal ileum, colorectum and duodenum of child group and adult group were both high (6/6, 14/15, 9/18 and 8/10, 12/15, 6/8, respectively). The response time of glucocorticoid treatment was 4.5 d (2.0 to 27.0 d) and 3.7 d (1.0 to 14.0 d) in child group (8 cases) and adult group (13 cases), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the recurrence rate after glucocorticoid treatment between the two groups (5/8 vs. 6/13, P > 0.05). Conclusions:The clinical characteristics of children and adults with EGE are different, which may provide references for clinicians to understand, diagnose and treat EGE.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873529


@#BACKGROUND: The effect of blood eosinophils (EOSs) on mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients and whether corticosteroids affect this effect are unclear. METHODS: The Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III database (version 1.4) was used to extract data. Patients with ARDS were selected for inclusion. Cox regression models using the backward stepwise method and propensity score matching (PSM) were used to assess the relationship between blood EOS counts and 28-day mortality. RESULTS: A total of 2,567 patients with ARDS were included, and the 28-day mortality rate was 24.19%. The crude 28-day mortality was significantly lower in patients with EOS counts ≥2% (18.60% [85/457] vs. 25.40% [536/2,110], P=0.002) than in those with EOS counts <2%. In the Cox regression model, the EOS counts ≥2% showed a significant association with the decreased 28-day mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 0.731; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.581-0.921, P=0.008). In the corticosteroid non-use subgroup, EOS counts ≥2% was significantly related to decreased 28-day mortality (HR 0.697, 95% CI 0.535-0.909, P=0.008), but the result was not significant in the corticosteroid non-use subgroup model (P=0.860). A total of 457 well-matched pairs were obtained by a 1:1 matching algorithm after PSM. The 28-day mortality remained significantly lower in the EOS counts ≥2% group (18.60% [85/457] vs. 26.70% [122/457], P=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Higher EOS counts are related to lower 28-day mortality in ARDS patients, and this relationship can be counteracted by using corticosteroids.

Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(supl.1): 91-96, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287840


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Serum inflammatory markers and albumin levels provide an assumption for the severity of COVID-19 infection. Our objective was to investigate the determinant role of serum inflammatory markers, albumin, and hemoglobin (Hb) in predicting the diagnosis in patients with a pre-diagnosis of COVID-19. METHODS: Demographic findings, complete blood count and serum biochemical values of the patients analyzed. RESULTS: Of the patients included in the study, 48 were COVID (+) and 253 were COVID (-). Statistically significant difference was found in terms of hemoglobin, mean platelet volume, and monocyte/eosinophil ratio. CONCLUSIONS: The levels of serum albumin, hemoglobin, monocyte/eosinophil ratio, and mean platelet volume can be predictive factors for diagnosis in patients with COVID-19.

Humans , COVID-19 , Severity of Illness Index , Hemoglobins , Serum Albumin , Retrospective Studies , Emergency Service, Hospital , SARS-CoV-2
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(1): e20200279, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134931


ABSTRACT In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the relationship that levels of vitamin D had with eosinophil counts and IgE levels in 26 children with asthma (6-12 years of age) in the city of Londrina, Brazil. Vitamin D levels were found to correlate significantly, albeit moderately, with age (r = −0.51) and eosinophilia (r = −0.49), although not with IgE levels (r = −0.12). When we stratified the sample into two groups by the median vitamin D level (< or ≥ 24 ng/mL), we found that those in the < 24 ng/mL group were older, had higher eosinophil counts, and had higher IgE levels. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show an association between low levels of vitamin D and more pronounced eosinophilia in children with asthma in Brazil.

RESUMO A associação entre níveis de vitamina D, eosinófilos e IgE foi analisada transversalmente em 26 crianças (6-12 anos) com asma na cidade de Londrina (PR). Foram observadas correlações moderadas dos níveis de vitamina D com idade (r = −0,51) e eosinofilia (r = −0,49), mas não com IgE (r = −0,12). Ao separar a amostra pelo ponto de corte obtido com a mediana dos níveis de vitamina D (< ou ≥ 24 ng/mL), valores mais altos de idade, eosinófilos e IgE ocorreram no grupo abaixo desse ponto. Pelo que sabemos, este estudo exploratório é o primeiro a mostrar uma associação entre níveis baixos de vitamina D e eosinofilia mais acentuada em crianças asmáticas no Brasil.

Humans , Child , Asthma , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D , Brazil , Immunoglobulin E , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eosinophils
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(11): 882-891, Nov. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1155017


Haemonchus contortus is the major gastrointestinal parasite of sheep raised in tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. This trial aimed to evaluate the influence of H. contortus infection on the bone marrow response of Santa Ines (SI) and Ile de France (IF) suckling lambs experimentally infected with H. contortus. Fourteen SI lambs and 12 IF lambs were randomized in four groups: infected SI (n=8), non-infected SI (n=6), infected IF (n=8) and non-infected IF (n=4). Lambs of infected groups were submitted to 27 infections, conducted every two days, from 14 to 68 days of age, and each lamb received a total of 5400 H. contortus infective larvae (L3). Ten blood samples were obtained during the experimental period to be used for erythrocyte and leukocyte counts, packed cell volume and total plasma protein estimation. Additionally, it was carried out a differential leukocyte count. Lambs from control groups did not shed eggs in faeces all over the experiment, while infected Santa Ines and Ile de France lambs presented means of 2963 EPG (Eggs Per Gram of faeces) and 8175 EPG in the last sampling (P<0.05), respectively. Infected Santa Ines lambs had an increase in eosinophil release, however differences (P<0.05) on circulation number in comparison with infected Ile de France lambs were identified only in the last sampling (54 days post first infection). The mild H. cortortus infection did not produce significant changes in the blood variables of the Ile de France and Santa Ines suckling lambs.(AU)

Haemonchus contortus é o principal parasita gastrintestinal de ovinos criados em áreas tropicais e subtropicais. Este estudo objetivou avaliar a influência da infecção por H. contortus na resposta medular de cordeiros lactentes das raças Santa Inês (SI) e Ile de France (IF) infectados experimentalmente com H. contortus. Quatorze cordeiros SI e 12 cordeiros IF, foram distribuídos em quatro grupos: SI infectado (n=8), SI não infectado (n=6), IF infectado (n=8) e IF não infectado (n=4). Cordeiros dos grupos infectados foram submetidos a 27 infecções, realizadas a cada dois dias, do 14º até 68º dia de vida, com um total de 5400 larvas infectantes (L3) de H. contortus por animal. Foram realizadas 10 coletas de sangue ao longo do período experimental para determinação do volume globular, proteínas plasmáticas totais, contagem de eritrócitos e leucócitos, além do diferencial de leucócitos. Cordeiros controles não infectados não eliminaram ovos nas fezes durante todo o experimento, enquanto que os cordeiros Santa Ines e Ile de France infectados apresentaram em média 2963 ovos por grama de fezes (OPG) e 8175 OPG na última coleta (P<0,05), respectivamente. Cordeiros Santa Inês infectados tiveram um aumento na produção de eosinófilos, mas diferenças (P<0.05) no número de eosinófilos sanguíneos em comparação a cordeiros Ile de France infectados foram detectadas somente na última coleta (54 dias após a primeira infecção). A infecção leve por H. cortortus não induziu alterações significativas nas variáveis sanguíneas de cordeiros lactentes Ile de France e Santa Inês.(AU)

Animals , Sheep, Domestic , Haemonchiasis/blood , Haemonchus , Animals, Suckling/blood , Haemonchiasis/veterinary
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 689-696, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137343


Abstract Objective: Our goal was to compare the operative and postoperative effects of del Nido cardioplegia (DN group) and blood cardioplegia (BC group) performed in cardiac surgery. Methods: A total of 83 patients were included, separated into DN group and BC group. The operative and postoperative effects of the two groups were compared for the first 24 hours until extubation. The operative and postoperative complete blood count (CBC), biochemical values and clinical parameters were compared. Results: The first control activated clotting time (ACT) levels in DN group patients were lower (P=0.003) during the operation. The amount of cardioplegia in DN group were lower than that in BC group (P=0.001). The pump outflow and postoperative lactate level of DN group were lower than those of BC group (P=0.005, P=0.018, respectively), as well as the amounts of NaHCO3 (P=0.006) and KCl (P=0.001) used during the operation. The same occurred with the first monocytes (Mo) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) levels in the postoperative intensive care unit (P=0.006, P=0.002). However, the first glucose level and the eosinophil (Eo) level were higher in DN group (P=0.011, P=0.047, respectively). Conclusion: In the operative evaluation, the amount of cardioplegia, the first ACT levels, the pump outflow lactate level and the amounts of NaHCO3 and KCl in DN group were lower. In postoperative evaluation, measured level of lactate, Mo and MCV in DN group were all lower; their glucose and Eo levels were higher.

Humans , Male , Female , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Period , Cardioplegic Solutions/therapeutic use , Heart Arrest, Induced
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jul; 16(3): 581-586
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213863


Introduction: Eosinophils are multifunctional granulocytes, which play a pivotal role in health and disease. Tumor Associated Tissue Eosinophilia (TATE) has long been evaluated in the diagnosis and progression of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs). However, their association with Tumor Associated Blood Eosinophilia (TABE) in OSCCs is still far fetched. We, therefore, attempted to evaluate their individual roles and to achieve a ratio between TATE and TABE in order to signify its usage in objectifying the diagnosis. Materials and Methods: TATE was evaluated using H and E stain per 10 high power fields in 33 previously diagnosed cases of OSCC which were retrieved from department archives. TABE values were achieved from complete blood hemogram reports of patients. TATE/TABE ratio was calculated. All the parameters were clinicopathologically correlated and statistically evaluated using SPSS. Results: TATE represented higher values in well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (WDSCC) and poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (PDSCC) and was least in moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (MDSCC), whereas TABE linearly increased from WDSCC to PDSCC. TNM Stage II cases revealed the highest TATE and lowest TABE. TATE/TABE ratio was the highest in WDSCC. Conclusion: Due to the dual nature of eosinophils in early and late carcinogenesis events, evaluation of only TATE might not be conclusive in determining tumor grade. Hence, in a first of its kind attempt, the TATE/TABE ratio may be suitable to achieve a criterion for the determination of tumor grade and may also help to unfold the underlying biologic events

Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 74-78, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098051


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of Helicobacter pylori infection on eosinophilic infiltration in duodenal mucosa is poorly studied. An increase in the number of eosinophils in duodenum has been associated with functional dyspepsia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of H. pylori infection on duodenal eosinophil count and the role of eosinophilic infiltrate of duodenum in functional dyspepsia. METHODS: Positive and negative H. pylori individuals were included. Both functional dyspeptic patients according to Rome III criteria (cases) and individuals without gastrointestinal symptoms (controls) were enrolled. They were submitted to upper endoscopy and H. pylori infection was verified by gastric histopathology and urease test. Eosinophils in the duodenal mucosa were counted in five high-power fields, randomly selected on slides of endoscopic biopsies. RESULTS: Thirty-nine H. pylori positive (mean age 40.5 and 69.2% women) and 24 negative patients (mean age 37.3 and 75% women) were included. The influence of the infection was observed in the duodenal eosinophil count, which was higher in infected individuals: median 13.2 vs 8.1 in non-infected individuals (P=0.005). When we analyzed patients according to symptoms, cases - mean age 39.6; 71.4% women - and controls - mean age 38.7; 71.4% women - had similar duodenal eosinophil count: median 11.9 and 12.6 respectively (P=0.19). CONCLUSIONS: We did not demonstrate association of duodenal eosinophil count with functional dyspepsia but found association with H. pylori infection.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O papel de infecção por Helicobacter pylori no infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal ainda é pouco compreendido. Um aumento no número de eosinófilos duodenais tem sido associado a dispepsia funcional. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a influência do H. pylori na contagem de eosinófilos duodenais e o papel do infiltrado eosinofílico duodenal na dispepsia funcional. MÉTODOS: Indivíduos H. pylori positivo e negativo foram incluídos. Ambos os grupos, compreendendo dispépticos funcionais pelos critérios de Roma III (casos) e indivíduos sem sintomas gastrointestinais (controles), foram submetidos à endoscopia digestiva alta para pesquisa de H. pylori, efetuada por histopatologia e teste de urease. Eosinófilos na mucosa duodenal foram contabilizados em cinco campos de maior aumento, selecionados randomicamente nas lâminas de biópsia endoscópicas. RESULTADOS: Trinta e nove indivíduos H. pylori positivo (média de idade 40,5 e 69,2% mulheres) e 24 H. pylori negativos (média de idade 37,3 e 75% mulheres) foram incluídos. A influência da infecção por H. pylori foi observada na contagem de eosinófilos, que foi maior nos positivos: mediana 13,2 vs 8,1 (P=0,005). Quando analisados pacientes de acordo com sintomas, os casos (média de idade 39,6 e 71,4% mulheres) e controles (média de idade 38,7 e 71,4% mulheres), apresentaram semelhante contagem de eosinófilos duodenais: mediana 11,9 e 12,6, respectivamente (P=0,19). CONCLUSÃO: Não demonstramos associação da contagem de eosinófilos duodenais com dispepsia duodenal, mas encontramos associação com infecção por H. pylori.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/pathology , Duodenum/pathology , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Eosinophilia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy , Case-Control Studies , Gastroscopy , Duodenum/microbiology , Dyspepsia/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/microbiology , Middle Aged
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 254-257,262, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867236


Objective To investigate the predictive value of peripheral blood eosinophil percentage (EOS%) and exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) on the efficacy of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stable stage.Methods A total of 78 patients with stable COPD during the outpatient clinic from January 2017 to December 2018 were enrolled.EOS%,FeNO,and pulmonary function indicators [forced vital capacity (FVC),forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1),peak expiratory flow (PEF)] were measured after ICS-free elution.The questionnaire was used to assess the severity of the symptoms.The above indicators were reviewed after 4 weeks of ICS treatment.According to the improvement of pulmonary function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease assessment (CAT) improvement,the patients were divided into effective and ineffective groups.Pearson correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to analyze the predictive value of EOS% and FeNO for ICS.Results After ICS treatment,EOS% and FeNO were lower,FVC,FEV1,and PEF were higher than before,and CAT score was lower than before (P < 0.05).There was a positive correlation between EOS% and FeNO levels before treatment and the FEV1 improvement (r =0.412,0.397,P < 0.05),and no correlation with the improvement of FVC,PEF and CAT scores (P > 0.05).The FeNO level in the effective group was higher than that in the ineffective group before and after ICS treatment,with statistically significant difference (P < 0.05).The pre-treatment EOS% level and post-treatment EOS%were not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05);the area under the ROC curve for EOS% prediction of ICS efficacy before treatment was 0.531 (P >0.05),with critical value 3.13%,the sensitivity 57.1% and specificity 52.4%,respectively.The area under the ROC curve of FeNO for ICS treatment before treatment was 0.628 (P < 0.05),with critical value 30.00%,sensitivity and specificity (64.6% and 91.0%) respectively.Conclusions For patients with stable COPD,EOS% and FeNO levels are positively correlated with the improvement of FEV1 after ICS treatment.Both of them can predict the efficacy of ICS to a certain extent,and FeNO has higher predictive value than EOS%,which can be applied to clinical practice.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811069


PURPOSE: Different characteristics of airway microbiome in asthmatics may lead to differential immune responses, which in turn cause eosinophilic or neutrophilic airway inflammation. However, the relationships among these factors have yet to be fully elucidated.METHODS: Microbes in induced sputum samples were subjected to sequence analysis of 16S rRNA. Airway inflammatory phenotypes were defined as neutrophils (>60%) and eosinophils (>3%), and inflammation endotypes were defined by levels of T helper (Th) 1 (interferon-γ), Th2 (interleukin [IL]-5 and IL-13), Th-17 (IL-17), and innate Th2 (IL-25, IL-33, and thymic stromal lymphopoietin) cytokines, inflammasomes (IL-1β), epithelial activation markers (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-8), and Inflammation (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α) cytokines in sputum supernatants was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: The numbers of operational taxonomic units were significantly higher in the mixed (n = 21) and neutrophilic (n = 23) inflammation groups than in the paucigranulocytic inflammation group (n = 19; p < 0.05). At the species level, Granulicatella adiacens, Streptococcus parasanguinis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Veillonella rogosae, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, and Neisseria perflava levels were significantly higher in the eosinophilic inflammation group (n = 20), whereas JYGU_s levels were significantly higher in the neutrophilic inflammation group compared to the other subtypes (P < 0.05). Additionally, IL-5 and IL-13 concentrations were correlated with the percentage of eosinophils (P < 0.05) and IL-13 levels were positively correlated with the read counts of Porphyromonas pasteri and V. rogosae (P < 0.05). IL-1β concentrations were correlated with the percentage of neutrophils (P < 0.05). had a tendency to be positively correlated with the read count of JYGU_s (P = 0.095), and was negatively correlated with that of S. pneumoniae (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Difference of microbial patterns in airways may induce distinctive endotypes of asthma, which is responsible for the neutrophilic or eosinophilic inflammation in asthma.

Asthma , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Haemophilus parainfluenzae , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-33 , Interleukin-5 , Microbiota , Necrosis , Neisseria , Neutrophils , Phenotype , Pneumonia , Porphyromonas , Sequence Analysis , Sputum , Streptococcus , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Veillonella
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811060


PURPOSE: Simple and reliable animal models of human diseases contribute to the understanding of disease pathogenesis as well as the development of therapeutic interventions. Although several murine models to mimic human asthma have been established, most of them require anesthesia, resulting in variability among test individuals, and do not mimic asthmatic responses accompanied by T-helper (Th) 17 and neutrophils. As dendritic cells (DCs) are known to play an important role in initiating and maintaining asthmatic inflammation, we developed an asthma model via adoptive transfer of allergen-loaded DCs.METHODS: Ovalbumin (OVA)-loaded bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) (OVA-BMDCs) were injected intravenously 3 times into non-anesthetized C57BL/6 mice after intraperitoneal OVA-sensitization.RESULTS: OVA-BMDC-transferred mice developed severe asthmatic immune responses when compared with mice receiving conventional OVA challenge intranasally. Notably, remarkable increases in systemic immunoglobulin (Ig) E and IgG1 responses, Th2/Th17-associated cytokines (interleukin [IL]-5, IL-13 and IL-17), Th2/Th17-skewed T-cell responses, and cellular components, including eosinophils, neutrophils, and goblet cells, were observed in the lungs of OVA-BMDC-transferred mice. Moreover, the asthmatic immune responses and severity of inflammation were correlated with the number of OVA-BMDCs transferred, indicating that the disease severity and asthma type may be adjusted according to the experimental purpose by this method. Furthermore, this model exhibited less variation among the test individuals than the conventional model. In addition, this DCs-based asthma model was partially resistant to steroid treatment.CONCLUSIONS: A reliable murine model of asthma by intravenous (i.v.) transfer of OVA-BMDCs was successfully established without anesthesia. This model more accurately reflects heterogeneous human asthma, exhibiting a robust Th2/Th17-skewed response and eosinophilic/neutrophilic infiltration with good reproducibility and low variation among individuals. This model will be useful for understanding the pathogenesis of asthma and would serve as an alternative tool for immunological studies on the function of DCs, T-cell responses and new drugs.

Adoptive Transfer , Anesthesia , Animals , Asthma , Cytokines , Dendritic Cells , Eosinophils , Goblet Cells , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Inflammation , Interleukin-13 , Lung , Methods , Mice , Models, Animal , Neutrophils , Ovalbumin , Ovum , T-Lymphocytes
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 904-907, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136302


SUMMARY Churg-Strauss syndrome, Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), is a systemic vasculitis that affects small- to medium-sized vessels. It is rare and part of the Anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody-associated vasculitis (ANCA) group. We present a 37-year-old man, with a previous history of asthma, that was sent to the ED due to 2 weeks of productive cough, occasional dyspnea on exertion, fever (one week), asthenia, and anorexia. Upon physical examination, he was subfebrile and tachycardic. He had leukocytosis (17.00 x10^9/L) and eosinophilia of 20.0 % (3.4 X10^9/L), creatinine level of 1.5 mg/dL, subtle elevation on liver function tests and CRP of 10.82mg/dL. On Chest X-Ray, there was infiltrate on the right pulmonary base. Due to a strong suspicion of EGPA, he was started on 80mg of prednisolone from admission. ANCA MPO was positive, with the remaining auto-immune study negative. He underwent Thorax CT (under corticotherapy) without relevant changes, as well as bronchoalveolar lavage, without macroscopic signs of alveolar hemorrhage. Because of active urinary sediment, nephrotic proteinuria (6.5g/24h), and acute renal failure he underwent a renal biopsy, which revealed pauci-immune crescentic glomerulonephritis, with predominantly acute findings (in the context of ANCA-MPO Vasculitis - EGPA). After the biopsy, he received three 1g methylprednisolone pulses and was started on Cyclophosphamide. He remained asymptomatic and renal function was restored. This case highlights the importance of integrating all findings in one clinical scenario to prevent a more complex disease diagnosis, with a specific treatment, from being missed.

RESUMO A vasculite de Churg-Strauss, granulomatose eosinofílica com poliangeíte (EGPA), é uma vasculite sistêmica que afeta vasos de pequeno e médio calibre. É rara e pertence ao grupo de vasculites associadas a anticorpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos (Anca). Apresenta-se um homem de 37 anos, com antecedentes de asma, que recorre ao SU por tosse produtiva com dois meses de evolução, dispneia ocasional em esforço, febre (uma semana de evolução), astenia e anorexia. Ao exame objetivo apresentava-se subfebril e taquicárdico. Analiticamente com leucocitose (17,00 x10^9/L) e eosinofilia de 20,0% (3,4 X10^9/L), creatinina de 1,5 mg/dL, discreta alteração das provas de função hepática e PCR de 10,82 mg/dL. Na radiografia de tórax objetivava-se infiltrado na base pulmonar direita. Por elevada suspeita de EGPA, iniciou prednisolona 80 mg desde a admissão. Anca MPO+, com restante estudo de autoimunidade negativo. Realizou TC tórax (sob corticoterapia) sem alterações de relevo, bem como lavado bronco-alveolar, sem sinais macroscópicos de hemorragia alveolar. Por sedimento urinário ativo, proteinúria na faixa nefrótica (6,56 g/24h) e lesão renal aguda, realizou biópsia renal que revelou glomerulonefrite crescêntica pauci-imune, com achados predominantemente agudos (no contexto de Vasculite Anca-MPO - EGPA). Após biópsia, realizou três pulsos de 1 g de metilprednisolona e iniciou ainda ciclofosfamida. Ficou assintomático e com recuperação da função renal. Este caso realça a importância de integração de todos os achados num só cenário a fim de evitar que escape o diagnóstico de uma doença mais complexa e com um tratamento específico.

Humans , Male , Adult , Asthma , Churg-Strauss Syndrome/diagnosis , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/diagnosis , Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis/drug therapy , Eosinophilia , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Churg-Strauss Syndrome/drug therapy
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1102963


Introducción: la rinosinusitis crónica (RSC) es una de las enfermedades más prevalentes a nivel mundial. Los eosinófilos desempeñan un papel importante en la generación del proceso inflamatorio nasosinusal crónico secundario a la generación de una respuesta maladaptativa Th2 y cambios en la microbiota nasal. El objetivo del estudio es determinar si la eosinofilia periférica puede usarse como factor predictor de severidad tomográfica en pacientes que cursan con rinosinusitis crónica. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional de corte transversal con componente analítico en pacientes con diagnóstico de RSC quienes dispusieran en su registro de historia clínica un hemograma con recuento de eosinófilos. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 74 individuos. Resultados: la eosinofilia periférica se estableció como factor de severidad tomográfica, ya que se encontró que por cada incremento de 100 eosinófilos en sangre, aumentaría en un punto el puntaje total de la escala tomográfica Lund-Mackay. Este patrón fue similar en pacientes con pólipos y asma, en los que se encontró un incremento en los puntajes totales de 4 y 5 puntos, respectivamente, con respecto a los pacientes que no presentan estas patologías. Conclusión: la utilización de la eosinofilia periférica como predictor de severidad podría ser de gran utilidad para la comunidad médica. Este biomarcador puede resultar en un ahorro potencial de costos al eliminar la necesidad de tratamientos médicos repetidos en pacientes que de entrada tienen un riesgo incrementado de enfermedad nasosinusal severa.

Introduction: chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide. Eosinophils play an important role in the generation of a chronic nasosinusal inflammatory process secondary to the generation of a Th2 maladaptive response and changes in the nasal microbiota. The objective of the study is to determine if peripheral eosinophilia can be used as a predictor of tomographic severity in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Methods: an observational cross-sectional study with an analytical component was performed in patients with a diagnosis of CSR who had an eosinophil count in their clinical record. The sample size was 74 individuals. Results: peripheral eosinophilia was established as a tomographic severity factor, finding that for each increase of 100 eosinophils in blood, the total score of the Lund-Mackay tomographic scale would increase by 1 point. This pattern was equally concordant in patients with polyps and asthma, with increases in total scores of 4 and 5 points respectively, with respect to patients who do not present these pathologies. Conclusion: the uses of peripheral eosinophilia as a predictor of severity could be very useful for the medical community. This biomarker can result in potential cost savings by eliminating the need for repeated medical treatments in patients who initially have an increased risk of severe nasosinusal disease.

Humans , Sinusitis , Nasal Polyps , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(3): e20180341, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090809


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever características clínicas e identificar fatores associados a maior gravidade da asma, em uma amostra de pacientes acompanhados em um centro de referência em Salvador. Métodos Estudo transversal de 473 adultos, acompanhados regularmente no Programa para Controle da Asma na Bahia (ProAR), reavaliados de forma sistemática entre 2013 e 2015. Os pacientes foram admitidos por preencher critérios anteriores de asma grave e reclassificados de acordo com a definição mais atual, proposta por um documento conjunto da European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society (ERS/ATS 2014). Resultados Foram reclassificados como portadores de asma grave pelos critérios da ATS/ERS (AG-ERS/ATS) 88/473 (18%). Destes, 87% eram mulheres, 48% obesos, com mediana do índice de massa corporal (IMC) de 29 kg/m2 (IQ 26-34), 99% tinham sintomas de rinite crônica e 83%, sintomas de doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE). Nenhum se declarou fumante atual. Os principais corticosteroides inalatórios utilizados foram beclometasona (88%) e budesonida (69%). A maioria relatou adequada adesão (77%) e a minoria das avaliações (0,6%) revelou erros graves na técnica inalatória. A mediana do volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo pós-broncodilatador (VEF1pós-BD) foi 67% do predito (IQ 55-80). A mediana do número de eosinófilos no sangue periférico foi menor nos pacientes com AG-ERS/ATS [209 células/mm3 (IQ 116-321)] do que nos demais pacientes estudados [258 células/mm3 (IQ 154-403)]. Sintomas de doença do refluxo gastroesofágico (DRGE) foram associados a mais gravidade [OR = 2,2; IC95% (1,2-4,2)]. Conclusões Neste grupo de pacientes, sintomas de RGE foram associados a AG-ERS/ATS e contagem de eosinófilos > 260 células/mm3 esteve associada a 42% menos chance de AG-ERS/ATS.

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the clinical features and to identify factors associated with significant severe asthma in samples of patients followed in a reference center in Salvador. Methods A cross-sectional study of 473 adults, regularly followed in the "Asthma Control Program" in Bahia (Programa de Controle da Asma e da Rinite Alérgica na Bahia (ProAR)), reassessed systematically between 2013 and 2015. The patients were admitted for meeting previous criteria of severe asthma and were reclassified according to the most current definition proposed by a joint document of the "European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society" (ERS/ATS) (ERS/ATS 2014). Results Only 88/473 (18%) were reclassified as having severe asthma by ERS/ATS criteria (SA-ERS/ATS). Among these patients, 87% were women, 48% obese, with a median Body Mass Index (BMI) of 29 kg·m2 (IQ 26-34), furthermore, 99% had symptoms of chronic rhinitis and 83% had symptoms of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). None of the 88 patients claimed to be current smokers. The most frequently corticosteroids were beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) (88%) and budesonide (BUD) (69%). The majority of the evaluations reported adequate adherence (77%), however, the minority (0,6%) detected serious errors in inhalation techniques. The median Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1) associated with post-bronchodilator test (post-BD) was 67% predicted (IQ 55-80). The median number of eosinophils in the peripheral blood was lower in patients with SA-ERS/ATS (258 cells/mm3 (IQ 116-321) than in the other patients studied [258 cells/mm3 (IQ 154-403)]. Gastroesophageal reflux symptoms were associated with a higher severity [OR = 2.2 95% CI (1.2-4.2)]. Conclusion In this group of patients, symptoms of GERD were associated with SA-ERS/ATS and eosinophil count > 260 cells/mm3 were associated 42% with less chance SA-ERS/ATS

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/drug therapy , Asthma/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Beclomethasone/therapeutic use , Gastroesophageal Reflux/epidemiology , Rhinitis/epidemiology , Forced Expiratory Volume , Cross-Sectional Studies , Anti-Asthmatic Agents/therapeutic use , Budesonide/therapeutic use , Obesity/epidemiology
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 724-728, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054888


Abstract Eosinophilic spongiosis is a histological feature shared by some distinct inflammatory disorders, and is characterized by the presence of intraepidermal eosinophils associated with spongiosis. Most often, isolated eosinophilic spongiosis indicates the early stages of a subjacent autoimmune bullous dermatosis, such as the pemphigus group and bullous pemphigoid. Herein, the main causes of eosinophilic spongiosis are discussed, as well as the supplementary investigation needed to elucidate its etiology.

Humans , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous/diagnosis , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous/pathology , Eosinophilia/diagnosis , Eosinophilia/pathology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidermis/pathology
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(2): 151-154, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019451


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is performed by the detection of 15 or more eosinophils per field in an esophageal biopsy sample, but the endoscopic findings alone are not validated for a diagnosis of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between the endoscopic findings and histopathological diagnosis in patients with suspected EoE in endoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective study of 24 patients with suspicion of EoE during endoscopy was held. The information was collected from databases of Endoscopy and Pathology services of the Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio, Universidade Federal do Ceará, from March 2012 to April 2018. The patients were divided into a group with positive biopsy (>15 Eosinophils/field, N=8) and a group with negative biopsy (<15 Eosinophils/field, N=16), and the endoscopic findings were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: From a total of 24 patients, 79.1% had longitudinal grooves, 20.8% white exudates, 33.3% mucosal pallor or loss of vascularity and 45.8% had more than one endoscopic finding. There was a significant difference (P<0.05) in the evaluation of the finding of mucosal pallor or decreased vasculature alone among the groups. The positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the presence of more than one endoscopic findings for the diagnosis of EoE was 54% and 84%, respectively. CONCLUSION: There was a low association between the presence of endoscopic findings and histopathological confirmation of the disease, which indicates that endoscopic findings alone are not reliable for the diagnosis of EoE.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: O diagnóstico da esofagite eosinofílica é realizado através da detecção, em amostra de biópsia esofágica, de 15 ou mais eosinófilos por campo, sendo que os achados endoscópicos isolados não são validados para o diagnóstico da doença. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação entre os achados endoscópicos com o diagnóstico histopatológico em pacientes com suspeita de esofagite eosinofílica na endoscopia. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 24 pacientes com suspeita de esofagite eosinofílica durante endoscopia digestiva alta. As informações foram colhidas de bancos de dados dos serviços de Endoscopia e Patologia do Hospital Universitário Walter Cantídio da Universidade Federal do Ceará, no período de março de 2012 a abril de 2018. Os pacientes foram divididos em grupo com biópsia positiva (>15 eosinófilos/campo, N=8) e grupo com biópsia negativa (<15 eosinófilos/campo, N=16), sendo comparados os achados endoscópicos entre os dois grupos. RESULTADOS: Do total de 24 pacientes, 79,1% tinham a presença de sulcos longitudinais, 20,8% exsudatos brancos, 33,3% palidez de mucosa ou perda da vascularização e 45,8% apresentaram mais de um achado endoscópico. Houve diferença significativa (P<0,05) na avaliação do achado de palidez ou perda da vascularização, isoladamente, entre os grupos. O valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo da presença de mais de um achado endoscópico para o diagnóstico de esofagite eosinofílica foi de 54% e 84%, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: Houve uma baixa associação entre a presença de achados endoscópicos e a confirmação histopatológica da doença, o que faz com que os achados endoscópicos isolados não sejam confiáveis para o diagnóstico de esofagite eosinofílica.

Humans , Male , Female , Eosinophilic Esophagitis/diagnosis , Eosinophilic Esophagitis/pathology , Biopsy , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy , Middle Aged
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-203932


Background: Allergic rhinitis and asthma are two very common allergic diseases of respiratory tract in pediatric patients. In this geographical area, where the prevalence of allergens exists, the role of allergens as the etiological factor is higher in allergic respiratory disorders. Confirmation of allergen as etiologic agent is cumbersome in a small setup, where IgE estimation and allergy tests are not accessible. In this study, the simple test of peripheral smear and nasal smear eosinophil count as a reliable diagnosis to solve the above problem and establishing allergy as etiological agent has been tried.Methods: A present study which was conducted over 2 years in children between 2 to 12 years who visited tertiary health care centre, Kurnool medical college and general hospital. The allergic respiratory cases based on typical history and clinical features were included in the study and investigated for nasal and blood eosinophilia. Children with TB, recurrent and chronic pneumonia, malnutrition, malignancy, collagen vascular disorders and those who are on steroid therapy were excluded from the study. The clinical profile of allergic rhinitis with or without asthma and nasal and blood eosinophils are studied.Results: Out of 120 patients, there was male predominance and incidence was increasing as age increases. Dust is the most common risk factor for allergic rhinitis followed by weather changes, whereas in allergic rhinitis with bronchial asthma, weather change is common risk factor followed by dust and family history.Conclusions: In children with allergic rhinitis with or without bronchial asthma, there is positive relation between nasal and peripheral smear eosinophil count.

Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 34(1): 23-30, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003834


Resumen Introducción: la esofagitis eosinofílica (EEo) es una enfermedad emergente, crónica e inmunomediada. Clínicamente se caracteriza por síntomas asociados con disfunción esofágica e histológicamente por infiltrado inflamatorio predominante de eosinófilos. Objetivo: describir las características clínicas, endoscópicas e histopatológicas de niños y adolescentes con diagnóstico de EEo en el Hospital Universitario Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá entre 2007 y 2017. Métodos: estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal que incluyó pacientes menores de 18 años con diagnóstico histopatológico de EEo. Resultados: se incluyeron 46 pacientes, 31 de sexo masculino, con una edad promedio de 11,8 años (rango: 11 meses-18 años). El 70 % presentó dolor abdominal, el 37 % pirosis, 28 % emesis y el 22 % náuseas y disfagia. Los antecedentes más referidos fueron asma (41 %), rinitis alérgica (37 %), enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (22 %) y dermatitis atópica (15 %). El hallazgo endoscópico más frecuente fue los exudados blanquecinos, descritos en el 35 %. La sospecha endoscópica de EEo se describió en el 50 % de los casos. El estudio histopatológico mostró de 15 a 40 eosinófilos por campo de alto poder (CAP) en el 52 %, 41-60 en el 19,5 % y 61-80 en el 15,2 %. Se encontró hiperplasia de la lámina basal en el 95,6 % de los casos. Conclusiones: los pacientes en su mayoría eran adolescentes (69 %), el síntoma más frecuente fue el dolor abdominal (70 %) y el 40 % de los casos tenía antecedente de atopia. Solamente el 50 % tenía hallazgos endoscópicos sugestivos de EEo. El presente trabajo corresponde al primer análisis clínico y patológico de casos de EEo en niños y adolescentes en Colombia.

Abstract Introduction: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an emerging, chronic and immune-mediated disease. Clinically it is characterized by symptoms associated with esophageal dysfunction, and histologically by predominantly inflammatory eosinophil infiltrate. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, endoscopic and histopathological characteristics of children and adolescents diagnosed with EoE at the Hospital Universitario Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá between 2007 and 2017. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive and observational study that included patients under 18 years of age with histopathological diagnoses of EoE. Results: Forty-six patients were included, 31 were male, and the average age was 11.8 years (range 11 months - 18 years). Seventy percent presented abdominal pain, 37% presented heartburn, 28% suffered vomiting, 22% had nausea and dysphagia. The most common antecedents were asthma (41%), allergic rhinitis (37%), gastroesophageal reflux disease (22%) and atopic dermatitis (15%). The most frequent endoscopic finding consisted of whitish exudates found in 35% of the cases. Endoscopic suspicion of EoE was described in 50% of the cases. The histopathological study showed 15 to 40 eosinophils per high power field (HPF) in 52%, 41-60/HPF in 19.5%, and 61-80/HPF in 15.2%. Hyperplasia of the basal lamina was found in 95.6% of the cases. Conclusions: The majority of patients were adolescents (69%), the most frequent symptom was abdominal pain (70%), and 40% of cases had histories of atopy. Only 50% had endoscopic findings suggestive of EoE. This study is the first clinical and pathological analysis of EoE cases in children and adolescents in Colombia.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pathology, Clinical , Deglutition Disorders , Diagnosis , Eosinophilic Esophagitis , Eosinophils