Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 620
Filter
1.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 557-561, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385667

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Tissue clearing techniques are frequently used in the observation and description of anatomical structures and pathways without altering the three-dimensional layout of the anatomical specimen. Tissue optical clearing promotes preservation of three-dimensional structures, which allows the study of the internal anatomy in its original position and original spatial interaction. Among these techniques, Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) maceration clearing is one of the most widely used. However, the histological changes of tissue after KOH maceration have yet to be fully understood. Our aim is to describe the microscopical differences between macerated and normal tissue. To better understand said changes, two human fetuses with a gestation period of 16 to 28 weeks were cleared and processed for histological analysis. Microtome slides of the fetuses' lower limbs were obtained and stained with Hematoxylin & Eosin, Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS), and Masson's trichrome with the purpose of observing the histological and macromolecule composition changes in cleared tissue. Remarkable differences at a histological level regarding the composition of the cellular structures, since diaphanized tissues showed a predominance of extracellular matrix composed of collagen fibers with the absence of most of the nucleated cellular tissue. Phospholipid's saponification, nucleic acids degradation and a change on proteins structural properties are the main factors inducing clearing. At the same time, molecular stability of collagen in alkaline conditions allows the specimen to maintain its shape after the process.


RESUMEN: Las técnicas de limpieza de tejido se utilizan con frecuencia en la observación y descripción de estructuras y vías anatómicas sin alterar el diseño tridimensional de la muestra anatómica. El aclaramiento óptico de tejidos promueve la preservación de estructuras tridimensionales, lo que permite el estudio de la anatomía interna en su posición original y la interacción espacial original. Entre estas técnicas, el aclarado por maceración con Hidróxido de Potasio (KOH) es una de las más utilizadas. Sin embargo, los cambios histológicos del tejido después de la maceración con KOH aún no se han entendido por completo. Nuestro objetivo es describir las diferencias microscópicas entre el tejido macerado y el normal. Para entender mejor dichos cambios, dos fetos humanos con un período de gestación de 16 a 28 semanas fueron aclarados y procesados para análisis histológicos. Se obtuvieron microtomos de las extremidades inferiores de los fetos y se tiñeron con hematoxilina y eosina, ácido peryódico de Schiff (PAS) y tricrómico de Masson con el fin de observar los cambios histológicos y de composición de macromoléculas en el tejido aclarado. Diferencias notables a nivel histológico en cuanto a la composición de las estructuras celulares, ya que los tejidos diafanizados mostraban un predominio de matriz extracelular compuesta por fibras de colágeno con ausencia de la mayor parte del tejido celular nucleado. La saponificación de los fosfolípidos, la degradación de los ácidos nucleicos y un cambio en las propiedades estructurales de las proteínas son los principales factores que inducen la depuración. Al mismo tiempo, la estabilidad molecular del colágeno en condiciones alcalinas permite que la muestra mantenga su forma después del proceso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissues/anatomy & histology , Histological Techniques/methods , Tissues/ultrastructure , Transillumination , Muscle, Skeletal , Fetus , Microscopy
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(2): 259-262, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376513

ABSTRACT

Abstract The left ventricular aneurysm is a pathological condition defined as an akinetic or dyskinetic area of the left ventricle (LV) wall associated with reduced ejection fraction. The most common surgical technique to reconstruct a left ventricular aneurysm is endoventricular patch plasty (Dor procedure). In this case, endoventricular reconstruction of the left ventricular aneurysm using a double-layer extracellular matrix was performed.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 222-232, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913174

ABSTRACT

The dense extracellular matrix (ECM) of the tumor severely limits the deep penetration of nanomedicine and weakens its anti-tumor effect. Based on this, the yeast vesicle biomimetic nanomedicine with active deep penetration ability of tumor tissue was designed and developed for enhanced tumor therapy. Results of characterization showed that the yeast cell vesicles (YCV) displayed a spherical morphology with diameter of around 100 nm and was well dispersed. Then the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX) was selected as a model drug, and DOX was loaded into YCV to obtain YCV/DOX through electrostatic interaction, the encapsulation efficiencies of DOX were calculated as 82.5%. The drug release profile of YCV/DOX implied that DOX release showed a manner of pH-dependent, it may be that pH has affected the electrostatic effect of YCV and DOX. Compared with liposomes (Lipo), in vitro cell experiments showed that YCV from natural sources had stronger permeability in three-dimensional multicellular spheres. It is speculated that the mechanism may be good deformation capacity of YCV. A 4T1 xenograft tumor model was established to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of YCV/DOX. The results suggested that YCV/DOX has stronger tumor tissue penetration ability and could effectively inhibit the tumor growth. All animal experiments were performed in line with national regulations and approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of Zhengzhou University. This study brings new ideas for the development of biomimetic nanomedicine to overcome the ECM of solid tumors.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 98-108, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913172

ABSTRACT

Tumor microenvironment (TME) is composed of abnormal tumor vasculature, extracellular matrix components, endothelial cells, pericytes, tumor associated fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells and immune cells, which is characterized by hypoxia, acidosis and high interstitial fluid pressure. Hypoxia and acidosis within the TME trigger an adjustment of the extracellular matrix (ECM), a response from neighbor stromal cells (e.g., fibroblasts) and immune cells (lymphocytes and macrophages), inducing tumor growth, angiogenesis, and ultimately, resulting in metastasis. What's more, the components of TME including abnormal tumor vasculature, rich composition of the ECM, and abundant stroma cells impair tumoral distribution and penetration of the drugs. At the same time, this stromal microenvironment plays a vital role in creating an immunosuppressive environment.Over the past years, more and more researches focus on targeting and remolding TME to improve therapeutic effects against tumors. Herein, we reviewed current strategies developed to target and remodel TME, including modulating tumor hypoxia, tumor vasculature, tumor associated fibroblasts, extracellular matrix components, tumor associated macrophage phenotypes and dendritic cells. Also, potential problems and future directions are pointed out in this review.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 150-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934646

ABSTRACT

Fibulin protein family is a class of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins that are widely expressed in various tissues and plays an important role in the formation and stabilization of ECM. More and more studies have found that Fibulin protein family can play a role in tumor suppression or tumor promotion in different tumor tissues, which affects tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis and is closely related to tumor chemotherapy resistance. Furthermore, Fibulin protein family is expected to be the target of inhibiting and reversing tumor chemotherapy resistance. This article reviews the role, target and molecular mechanism of Fibulin protein family in tumor development, progression and chemotherapy resistance, aiming to find a new research direction for tumor chemotherapy resistance.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2300-2314, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929401

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a form of regulated cell death, characterized by excessive membrane lipid peroxidation in an iron- and ROS-dependent manner. Celastrol, a natural bioactive triterpenoid extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii, shows effective anti-fibrotic and anti-inflammatory activities in multiple hepatic diseases. However, the exact molecular mechanisms of action and the direct protein targets of celastrol in the treatment of liver fibrosis remain largely elusive. Here, we discover that celastrol exerts anti-fibrotic effects via promoting the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inducing ferroptosis in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). By using activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) in combination with bio-orthogonal click chemistry reaction and cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), we show that celastrol directly binds to peroxiredoxins (PRDXs), including PRDX1, PRDX2, PRDX4 and PRDX6, through the active cysteine sites, and inhibits their anti-oxidant activities. Celastrol also targets to heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and upregulates its expression in activated-HSCs. Knockdown of PRDX1, PRDX2, PRDX4, PRDX6 or HO-1 in HSCs, to varying extent, elevated cellular ROS levels and induced ferroptosis. Taken together, our findings reveal the direct protein targets and molecular mechanisms via which celastrol ameliorates hepatic fibrosis, thus supporting the further development of celastrol as a promising therapeutic agent for liver fibrosis.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1630-1633, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942830

ABSTRACT

Posterior cataract opacification(PCO)is the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation(EMT)of residual lens epithelial cells(LECs)after cataract surgery, resulting in opaque scar which is one of the main complications of cataract surgery. A large amount of fibronectin(FN)produced by LECs after cataract surgery binds to a variety of cell surface receptors, matrix components and growth factors to regulate cell behavior. The purpose of this article is to review the literatures on the treatment of PCO targeting fibronectin and provide references for clinical treatment of PCO. In this paper, the research status of fibronectin in PCO in recent years is reviewed.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927874

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of overwork (OW) on extracellular matrix of arterial vessel wall in rats. Methods Random number grouping method was employed to assign 18 Sprague-Dawley rats into three groups(n=6):the control group(no special treatment),group OW(forced swimming twice a day for 15 days),and sleep deficiency(SD)+OW group(in addition to forced swimming twice a day,the rats were put on the platforms in water to limit sleep for 15 days).On the 16th day,the abdominal aorta and common carotid artery were collected after blood sampling from heart under deep anesthesia.A part of the abdominal aorta sample was taken for Masson staining of collagen fiber,and Verhoeff-Van Gieson staining was carried out for the elastic fiber of common carotid artery.Image J was employed for the quantitative analysis of collagen fiber and elastic fiber content.The expression of collagen 1(Col-1) protein was quantified by immunohistochemistry and the ultrastructure of vascular matrix was examined by transmission electron microscopy.The other part of the abdominal aorta sample was used to determine the mRNA levels of matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)-1,MMP-2,MMP-9,tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1(TIMP-1),and Col-1 by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results Compared with that in control group,the content of collagen fiber in groups OW and SD+OW had no significant change(all P>0.05);the content of elastic fiber in groups OW and SD+OW decreased(all P<0.001) and had no significant difference between each other(P>0.05).The vascular vessel wall of group OW showed slight fiber breakage,while that of group SD+OW presented wormhole-like or spongy fiber fragmentation.The mRNA levels of MMP-1 and MMP-2 in groups OW and SD+OW had no significant difference between each other(P>0.05) but were higher than that in control group(all P<0.001).The mRNA levels of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 had no significant difference among the three groups(all P>0.05).Groups OW and SD+OW had lower mRNA level(all P<0.001) and protein level(all P<0.001) of Col-1 than control group,while the mRNA and protein levels of Col-1 had no significant difference between groups OW and SD+OW(P>0.05). Conclusion OW can reduce the content of Col-1 and elastic fibers in the extracellular matrix of arterial vessels,destroy the elastic lamina of vascular wall,up-regulate the expression of MMP-1 and MMP-2,thereby injuring arterial vessels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Collagen Type I , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923476

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze changes in proteoglycan and its correlation with alveolar bone resorption in periodontitis. @*Methods @#Twelve eight-week-old C57BL/6J male mice were selected, and the periodontitis model was established by ligating the right maxillary second molar with 6-0 silk thread. The nonligated part of the left maxilla was used as the control. The mice were killed 14 days after the operation. Micro-CT was used to assess alveolar bone resorption. HE staining was used to observe the alveolar bone profile, and TRAP staining was conducted to examine the positive rate of osteoclasts. The expression of proteoglycan-related genes, such as aggrecan (ACAN), biglycan (BGN), versican (VCAN), decorin (DCN), osteoclast-related genes, such as cathepsin K (CTSK), matrix metalloprotein-9 (MMP-9), and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), and inflammation-related genes, such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. Additionally, the correlation of the expression of proteoglycans with osteoclast-related genes and inflammation-related genes was evaluated by Pearson correlation analysis.@* Results@#The resorption of alveolar bone on the periodontitis side increased. TRAP staining showed that the number of osteoclasts was substantially increased in the maxilla with periodontitis. Real-time quantitative PCR demonstrated that compared with the control side, the expression of proteoglycan-related genes, such as ACAN, BGN, and DCN, was decreased, whereas the expression of the VCAN gene was significantly increased in the periodontitis side. Meanwhile, the expression of osteoclast-related genes, such as CTSK, MMP-9, and RANKL, and inflammation-related genes, such as IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, was markedly increased in the periodontitis side (P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis indicated a negative correlation between the expression of proteoglycans and the mRNA levels of osteoclast-related genes and inflammation-related genes (P<0.05). @*Conclusion @#The expression of proteoglycan was closely related to alveolar bone resorption in a periodontitis model.

10.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 56-82, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929195

ABSTRACT

Contributing to organ formation and tissue regeneration, extracellular matrix (ECM) constituents provide tissue with three-dimensional (3D) structural integrity and cellular-function regulation. Containing the crucial traits of the cellular microenvironment, ECM substitutes mediate cell-matrix interactions to prompt stem-cell proliferation and differentiation for 3D organoid construction in vitro or tissue regeneration in vivo. However, these ECMs are often applied generically and have yet to be extensively developed for specific cell types in 3D cultures. Cultured cells also produce rich ECM, particularly stromal cells. Cellular ECM improves 3D culture development in vitro and tissue remodeling during wound healing after implantation into the host as well. Gaining better insight into ECM derived from either tissue or cells that regulate 3D tissue reconstruction or organ regeneration helps us to select, produce, and implant the most suitable ECM and thus promote 3D organoid culture and tissue remodeling for in vivo regeneration. Overall, the decellularization methodologies and tissue/cell-derived ECM as scaffolds or cellular-growth supplements used in cell propagation and differentiation for 3D tissue culture in vitro are discussed. Moreover, current preclinical applications by which ECM components modulate the wound-healing process are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Decellularized Extracellular Matrix , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
11.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 63-69, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286971

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Type-I collagen (Col-I) is one of the main macromolecules of the extracellular matrix, and it is involved in the desmoplastic stromal reaction, an indicator of worse prognosis in cases of colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of the present study was to investigate Col-I expression in cases of CRC and adenoma and to correlate with the clinical data and the data regarding the lifestyle of the patients. Methods A retrospective study including 22 patients with adenoma and 15 with CRC treated at a coloproctology service. The clinical and lifestyle data were obtained through medical records, and Col-I expression was investigated by immunohistochemistry. Results Women represented most cases of adenoma (63.64%), whereas CRC was found mainly in men (73.33%) (p=0.0448). Immunoexpression of Col-I showed a basement membrane thickening in areas of lining of epithelium and around the glands in both lesions. The cases of CRC had a quite evident fibrosis process in the stroma. The quantitative analysis demonstrated a higher protein expression in CRCs compared to adenomas (p=0.0109), as well as in female patients (p=0.0214), patients aged ≥ 50 years (p=0.0400), and in those with a positive family history of colorectal disease (p=0.0292). These results suggested a remodeling of the microenvironment of the Worked developed at the Department of Morphology, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, ES, Brazil. Conclusion The immunohistochemical analysis encourages the performance of more comprehensive studies to ascertain if our results could be a tool for the diagnosis and monitoring of the patients.


Resumo Objetivo O colágeno tipo I (Col-I) é uma das principais macromoléculas da matriz extracelular, e está envolvido na reação desmoplástica estromal, um indicador de pior prognóstico em casos de câncer colorretal (CCR). O objetivo foi investigar a expressão do Col-I emcasos de CCR e adenoma, e correlacioná-la comdados clínicos e de estilo de vida dos pacientes. Metodologia Foi realizado umestudoretrospectivo com22pacientes comadenoma e 15 comCCR tratadosemumserviço de coloproctologia.Os dados dos pacientes foramobtidos dos prontuários médicos, e a expressão do Col-I foi investigada por imunohistoquímica. Resultados As mulheres representaram a maioria dos casos de adenomas (63,64%), enquanto o CCR (73,33%) (p=0,0448) foi mais comum entre os homens. A imunoexpressão de Col-I mostrou espessamento da membrana basal em áreas de revestimento do epitélio e em volta de glândulas em ambas as lesões. O CCR apresentou fibrose no estroma. As análises quantitativas demonstraram maior expressão proteica no CCR (p=0,0109), assim como em mulheres (p=0,0214), pacientes com idade ≥ 50 anos (p=0,0400), e em pacientes com histórico positivo de doença colorretal na família (p=0,0292). Estes resultados sugerem a remodelação do microambiente tumoral na carcinogênese do CCR. As correlações clínico-patológicas positivas mostram uma ligação plausível entre o perfil do paciente e os achados imunohistoquímcos, o que indica uma possível forma de estratificação dos pacientes. Conclusão As análises imunohistoquímicas estimulam a execução de estudos mais abrangentes para confirmar se nossos resultados poderão ser uma ferramenta para o diagnóstico e o monitoramento dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/metabolism , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Collagen Type I/genetics , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment/immunology
12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 781-789, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression levels of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), β-tubulin Ⅲ and synaptophsin, and explore the role of tripartite synapse in the mechanism of central nervous system (CNS) injury and the neuroprotective effect of chondroitin sulfate (CS).Methods:One month old clean grade, 48 female Sparague-Dawley rats and 48 male Sparague-Dawley rats, were randomly divided into 8 groups according to body weight (90 - 120 g) by random number table method, with 12 rats in each group, half male and half female. These rats were fed with water containing different concentrations of sodium fluoride (NaF) [ < 0.5 mg/L (control, CN), 10.0 mg/L (low dose fluoride, LF) and 50.0 mg/L (high dose fluoride, HF)]. Some rats were fed directly for 185 days (CN, LF and HF groups). In addition, rats of CN + normal saline (NS), LF + NS, HF + NS groups and LF + CS, HF + CS groups, were intraperitoneally injected with NS or 0.66 mg/kg CS for 5 consecutive days after 180 days of feeding. After the experiment, the pathological changes of hippocampal CA4 of brain tissue in each group were observed by hematoxylin eosin staining under light microscope, and the expression and distribution of GFAP, β-tubulin Ⅲ and synaptophsin in hippocampal CA4 of rats were detected by immunohistochemistry, the expression of GFAP, β-tubulin Ⅲ and synaptophsin at protein level in hippocampus of rats were detected by Western blotting.Results:Under light microscope, eosinophilic change, loss and irregular arrangement of neuron in the hippocampal CA4 were observed in LF, HF, LF + NS and HF + NS groups. The morphology of LF + CS and HF + CS groups was not significantly changed compared with CN group, but was significant changed compared with LF, HF, LF + NS and HF + NS groups. Immunohistochemical results showed that the rates of positive area of GFAP, β-tubulin Ⅲ and synaptophsin in female and male rats in LF and HF groups were significantly decreased than those in CN group ( P < 0.05); the positive area rates of female and male rats in LF + CS and HF + CS groups were higher than those in LF and HF groups, respectively ( P < 0.05). Western blotting results showed that the proten expression levels of GFAP, β-tubulin Ⅲ and synaptophsin of female and male rats in LF and HF groups (LF group: 0.90 ± 0.09, 0.82 ± 0.08, 1.43 ± 0.14, 0.92 ± 0.02, 1.21 ± 0.15, 0.87 ± 0.02, HF group: 0.58 ± 0.14, 0.73 ± 0.03, 0.63 ± 0.06, 0.67 ± 0.03, 0.87 ± 0.04, 0.70 ± 0.05) were lower than those in CN group (1.24 ± 0.08, 1.09 ± 0.10, 2.64 ± 0.30, 1.54 ± 0.09, 1.72 ± 0.10, 1.13 ± 0.06, P < 0.05). Conclusions:The tripartite synapse and extracellular matrix may take part in pathogenesis of the damages of CNS results from chronic fluorosis; CS may reduce the injury to a certain extent.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of cabazitaxel on lung cancer cell metastasis and proliferation and the related mechanisms.Methods:Lung cancer cells A549 were divided into two groups. The experimental group were cultured with a low concentration of 50 μg/ml cabazitaxel, and the control group were cultured with an equal volume of a solution of cabazitaxel. The proliferation ability of the two groups of cells was examined using CCK8 and plate cloning experiments. The migration ability of A459 cells was verified by transwell and cell scratch experiments. The expression levels of MMP2/9, CDK4/6, and P16 protein were detected by Western blotting.Results:Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation ability of the A549 cell was weakened in the experimental group. The plate clone formation rate of the experimental group was 17.5%±2.3%, and A549 cell clone formation rate of the control group was 74.8%±4.5%. The cloning ability was reduced in the experimental group. Western blot results showed that the expression of CDK4/6 in the experimental group was down-regulated and the expression of P16 was up-regulated. The scratch healing percentage of the cells in the experimental group was 56.2%±3.8%, and the scratch healing percentage of the cells in the control group was 86.8%±5.2%. The scratch healing ability of the cells in the experimental group decreased. The transwell results showed that the experimental group had 35±4 cells per field of view, while it was 78±9 in the control group. The cell migration ability of the experimental group was decreased. Western blot results showed that the expression of MMP2/9 in the experimental group was down-regulated.Conclusion:Cabazitaxel leads to a decrease in the metastasis ability of lung cancer cells A549 through the extracellular matrix pathway, and inhibits cell proliferation by up-regulating P16.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906758

ABSTRACT

@#Pancreatic cancer stroma plays a critical role in tumor progression, invasion, metastasis and resistance.Targeting tumor cell alone could not meet the demand for prolonging patients'' survival.Growing studies have laid emphasis on developing combined regimens between targeting pancreatic cancer stroma and chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy.We are faced with some new opportunities in spite of the great challenges brought to the research and development of targeting drugs owing to the complicated stroma components, crosstalking signal pathways and abnormal angiogenesis of pancreatic cancer.In this article, recent advances in therapeutic strategies of targeting pancreatic cancer stroma are reviewed and analyzed from the aspects of extracellular matrix (ECM), cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and vessels, in the hope of providing some novel ideas for targeting therapy against pancreatic cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906515

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Shengjiangsan on renal fibrosis in rats with membranous nephropathy (MN) and to explore the mechanism of its complications of renal fibrosis. Method:Rats were injected with cationized bovine serum albumin(C-BSA)in the tail vein to establish a rat model of membranous nephropathy. The normal group,model group,modified Shengjiangsan group (27.3 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>)and benazepril group(10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>)were established in this study. Each group was given corresponding dosage of the drug once a day for 4 weeks of continuous intervention. After the administration,we observed the pathological changes of rat kidneys by the technology of Masson staining, silverhexylamine iodate (PASM) staining, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), immunofluorescence technology (IF) was used to detect immunoglobulin(Ig)G deposition in rat kidneys. The levels of interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>) in rat serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression levels of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1), transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>), <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin (<italic>α</italic>-SMΑ) and type Ⅳ Collagen (Collagen Ⅳ) in rat kidney tissues. Result:Compared with normal group, the kidney tissue of the model group was obviously fibrotic, the serum levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, and TNF-<italic>α</italic> were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the expressions of MCP-1, ICAM-1, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, TLR4, PAI-1, TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, <italic>α</italic>-SMA and Collagen Ⅳ mRNA and protein in kidney tissue were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with model group, modified Shengjiangsan and benazepril significantly improved renal fibrosis in rats, reduced the levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in the serum of MN rats(<italic>P</italic><0.05), down-regulated MCP-1, ICAM-1, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B, TLR4, PAI-1, TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, <italic>α</italic>-SMA and Collagen Ⅳ mRNA and protein expression in kidney tissue(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Shengjiangsan can reduce the release and expression of inflammatory factors by down-regulating the TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway, inhibit renal fibrosis, and reduce renal damage in MN rats.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906513

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of modified Si Junzitang on the level of lactic acid in gastric mucosa and the expression of Carboxylic acid transporter 1(MCT1), monocarboxylic acid transporter 4(MCT4), and extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (CD147)in rats with gastric precancerous lesions(GPL). Method:Seventy-four SD male rats were randomly divided into normal group (12 rats) and model group (62 rats). <italic>N</italic>-methyl-<italic>N'</italic>-nitro-<italic>N</italic>-nitrosoguanidine(MNNG)-ammonia compound method was used to establish GPL rat models, and at the 9<sup>th</sup> week, the model rats were randomly divided into model group, folic acid group(2.7 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), modified Si Junzitang high, medium and low dose groups(12.6, 6.3, 3.15 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 12 rats in each group. After intragastric administration for 12 weeks, the general conditions of the rats were observed. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of gastric mucosa in rats, chemical colorimetry was used to detect the content of lactic acid in gastric mucosa; immunohistochemistry and real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR)were used to detect MCT1, MCT4, CD147 protein and mRNA expression in gastric mucosal tissues. Result:Modified Si Junzitang significantly improved the pathological manifestations in GPL rats such as gastric mucosal epithelial gland structure, disorder of arrangement and cell atypia. Compared with the normal group, the lactic acid content of the gastric mucosa tissue in the model group increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein and mRNA expressions of MCT1, MCT4, CD147 significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the lactic acid content in each dose group of modified Si Junzitang was significantly reduced(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the protein expression levels of MCT4 and CD147 were also significantly reduced in each dose group of modified Si Junzitang(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The mRNA expression of MCT4 was significantly reduced in the middle and high dose groups(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the mRNA expression of CD147 was significantly reduced in the high dose group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Modified Si Junzitang showed no significant regulatory effect on MCT1. Conclusion:Modified Si Junzitang can significantly improve the abnormal histopathology of gastric mucosal epithelium in GPL model rats. Its mechanism may be related to down-regulating the overexpression of MCT4 and CD147, inhibiting lactic acid outflow, and improving the acidic microenvironment of gastric mucosal epithelium.

17.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E604-E611, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904444

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) adhesion on migration of tumor cells regulated by ECM stiffness. Methods The cellular Potts model (CPM) was established to simulate tumor cell growth and cellular immune feedback system. The effects from mechanical behavior of cells on cell-ECM adhesion were observed, and the migration of tumor cells under different ECM was analyzed. Results The ECM stiffness could influence the migration rate of tumor cells. The change of ECM stiffness regulated the adhesion force between cells and ECM, and the change of adhesion force would influence the migration rate of cells. Conclusions The migration and distribution patterns of cells are closely related to the adhesion and stiffness of ECM. The increase in ECM stiffness can effectively promote the migration rate of tumor cells, and the further increase in ECM stiffness inhibits the migration of tumor cells. These findings may further reveal dynamic changes of ECM, adhesion and mechanical performance of tumor cell migration.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848023

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Icariin is the main effective component of Epimedium, which functions to tonify the kidney, and strengthen tendons and bones. In recent years, a large number of studies have found that icariin plays a significant role in the treatment of osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVE: To review the research progress in the molecular mechanism of icariin in the treatment of osteoarthritis. METHODS: The first author used “Icariin, Osteoarthritis, Cartilage, Subchondral bone, Synovial membrane, synovium, Inflammation" as search words in English and Chinese to search PubMed, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP databases. According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, 42 articles were included for final analysis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Icariin can promote the cartilage differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and enhance the proliferation of cartilage cells and osteoblasts, to inhibit the degradation of cartilage extracellular matrix, reduce the activity of osteoclasts and alleviate synovial inflammation caused by inflammatory factors. It is an effective treatment for osteoporosis. However, the optimal effective dose and concentration safety of icariin still need a large number of experimental studies. Currently, most of the experiments are still in animal and tissue cell experiments. Numerous clinical studies are needed to continue to explore its specific mechanism in order to provide evidence-based medical evidence for icariin in the treatment of osteoarthritis.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847217

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells induce osteogenesis and inhibit adipocyte differentiation, which is the key to the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis and the source of seed cells for bone tissue repair engineering. Wnt signaling pathway plays an important role in bone formation. OBJECTIVE: To review the related factors and molecular mechanisms that regulate osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells through Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS: CNKI, PubMed and Wanfang Medical Database were retrieved by computer for related literatures published from inception to February 2020. The Chinese key words were “bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, osteoporosis, osteogenic differentiation, osteocytes, extracellular matrix, osteoarthritis, Wnt, β-catenin”. The English key words were “BMSCs, osteoarthritis, Wnt/β-catenin, Wnt”. Finally, 62 articles were included in the review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The relevant factors can directly or indirectly regulate the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. There are positive promotion, negative inhibition and even loop regulation due to the interaction between various factors. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is a key signal for osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. The systematic analysis of the molecular mechanism of osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells provides a theoretical basis for bone tissue engineering, and can realize the application of bone tissue engineering faster.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4024-4035, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921483

ABSTRACT

Decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM), which contains many proteins and growth factors, can provide three-dimensional scaffolds for cells and regulate cell regeneration. 3D bioprinting can print the combination of dECM and autologous cells layer by layer to construct the tissue structure of carrier cells. In this paper, the preparation methods of tissue and organ dECM bioink from different sources, including decellularization, crosslinking, and the application of dECM bioink in bioprinting are reviewed, with future applications prospected.


Subject(s)
Bioprinting , Extracellular Matrix , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL