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1.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(2): 196-203, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375783

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Kangaroo Position (KP) in microcirculation (MC) of the flexor muscles of preterm newborns. Method: A controlled clinical trial was conducted in the city of Recife, Brazil, with 26 preterm children randomized in the Kangaroo Group (13) and in the Control Group (13). Assessments of blood flow, temperature, and tissue oxygen saturation (SO2) were made at two different times and in the biceps brachii muscle and hamstrings muscle group: before the KP and after 24 h of KP. In the Control Group, the registrations were performed at the times corresponding to those of the Kangaroo Group. The mean values among the times were analyzed by paired t-test for repeated measures. The clinical trial was recorded in Clinical Trials (NCT03611088). Results: In the Kangaroo Group there was an increase in tissue temperature and blood flow at the time evaluation periods (p < 0.05). In the control group, there was no statistical difference between the recording moments hamstring muscles group, but in the biceps brachii, there was a reduction in mean blood flow (p = 0.023). Conclusion: In conclusion, the KP has effects on the microcirculation of the flexor muscles of preterm newborns.

2.
Univ. salud ; 24(1): 65-75, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1361187

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Affectivity has a fundamental role in educational systems' training process. However, there are no updated studies that show the different socio-affective agents used in the creation of physical habits in the child and adolescent population in school systems. Objective: To review and analyze previously published research that studied the influence of affectivity on children and adolescents' physical habits in school systems. Materials and methods: A systematic review was conducted with articles published between 2010 and 2020, which connected affectivity and physical habits. The electronic search was performed through Web of Science, Scopus, and Scielo databases. All articles that studied the influence of affectivity on the population's physical habits were included. Results: Three studies that analyzed the influence of affectivity on children and adolescents' physical habits were found. Conclusions: At the end of the systematic review, it was demonstrated that there is a significant relationship between affectivity and the physical habits in child and adolescent populations. It was also possible to observe that this influence, positive or negative, determines the child and adolescent population's interest in physical activity and sports in adult life.


Introducción: La afectividad tiene un papel fundamental dentro del proceso de formación en los sistemas educativos. Sin embargo, no existen estudios actualizados que evidencien los diversos agentes socioafectivos utilizados en la creación de hábitos físicos en la población infantil y adolescente de los sistemas escolares. Objetivo: Analizar investigaciones previamente publicadas que estudiaron la influencia de la afectividad en los hábitos físicos de niños y adolescente de los sistemas escolares. Materiales y métodos: El estudio corresponde a una revisión sistemática. Se evaluaron artículos publicados entre 2010 y 2020 que relacionaron afectividad y hábitos físicos. La búsqueda electrónica se realizó a través de las bases Web of Science, Scopus y Scielo. Se incluyeron todos los artículos que utilizaron la afectividad sobre los hábitos físicos de la población. Resultados: Se encontraron tres artículos que utilizaron la afectividad sobre los hábitos físicos de niños y adolescentes. Conclusiones: Al término de la revisión sistemática, se demostró que existe una tremenda influencia entre la afectividad y los hábitos físicos de la población infantil y adolescente. También se pudo observar que esta influencia, positiva o negativa, condiciona el interés de la población infantil y juvenil por la actividad física y el deporte en la vida adulta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Psychology , Sports , Exercise , Education , Habits , Motor Activity
3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 280-283, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920633

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DXA) for measuring body mineral content (BMC) of children and adolescents, and to provide a basis for BIA to accurately measure BMC in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#By using the convenience sampling method, among 1 469 children and adolescents aged 7-17 were recruited in Guangzhou from April to May 2019, the BMC was measured by DXA and BIA. The intraclass correlation coefficient ( ICC ) and Bland Altman analysis were used to evaluate the agreement between BIA and DXA. Bland Altman analysis was performed on log transformed data. The BMC was categorized into age and specific tertiles, and the agreement between methods was evaluated based on the kappa coefficients. Treating the BMC with DXA as the dependent variable, a prediction model was constructed for correcting the BIA measure.@*Results@#The ICC s were 0.93 and 0.94 for boys and girls, respectively. In Bland Altman analysis, the limits of agreements for the BIA to DXA ratio were wide in boys and girls, ranging from 0.27-0.76 and 0.17-0.72, respectively. The kappa coefficients for categorized BMC levels were 0.57 and 0.45 for boys and girls, respectively, showing a fair to good degree of agreement. When sub grouped by BMI, the kappa coefficients for all BMI groups of boys and overweight girls were all >0.75 , with an excellent agreement. The prediction models for boys and girls were as follows: BMC DXA =-0.51+0.44× BMC BIA + 0.06× Age +0.02× BMI ; and BMC DXA =-0.55+0.43× BMC BIA +0.06× Age +0.02× BMI , respectively. The R 2 for models of boys and girls were 0.87 and 0.87, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The agreement between BIA and DXA was poor for measuring BMC, but acceptable when evaluating the categorized BMC levels, suggesting the BIA may be applied in assessment of the BMC levels when compared to the age and gender specific population. Additionally, the prediction model for correcting BMC by BIA fis well to the measurement by DXA.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 274-279, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920632

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate correlations between motor skills with focused and shifting attention among preschool children, and to provide basis for the overall development of preschool children aged 4-6 years.@*Methods@#During March to June 2020, a total of 165 preschool children aged 4-6 years were selected and investigated with subscales of the Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency 2nd Edition (BOT-2) for agility and limb bilateral coordination assessment, and subscales of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children test 2nd Edition (MABC-2) for throwing and catching skill assessment, as well as balance subscale for the assessment of limb movement coordination, hand eye coordination, agility, and balance. The Kansas Reflection Impulsivity Scale for Preschoolers for Pre schoolers (KRISP) and Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) were used to assess focused and shifting attention levels. Correlation and linear regression analyses were performed for statistical analysis.@*Results@#Except for one handed throwing skills and shifting attention, there were statistically significant gender differences between boys and girls in total score of body movement coordination, total score of hand to eye coordination, hand to hand connection, total score of agility of movement, total score of movement balance, static support, walking on tiptoe, foot to foot jump and focused attention( t =-6.86, -2.00 ,-3.15,-3.75,-3.00,-2.95,-2.18,-2.11,-3.21, P <0.05), and girls were better than boys; children s total score of body movement coordination, total score of hand to eye coordination, hand to hand connection, agility of movement, walking on tiptoe and focused attention improves with age( r =0.47,0.41,0.47,0.51,0.16,0.31, P <0.05); After excluding the interference of gender and age, total score of body movement coordination was significantly correlated with preschool children s focused attention( β=0.31,95%CI =0.08-0.39, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Limb movement coordination and focused attention are significantly and positively correlated among preschool children aged 4-6 years. Therefore, preschool education and family activities should focus on designing and developing limb movement coordination related games and courses to enhance the focused attention of and form favorable attention quality in preschool children aged 4-6 years.

5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 247-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920608

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and reliability of the Brockport physical fitness test in visually impaired adolescents in China to determine its applicability in clinical practice and research.@*Methods@#A total of 41 visually impaired adolescents 10-17 years of age were included. Body mass index (BMI), dominant grip strength, modified curl up, trunk lift, shoulder stretch, back saver sit and reach and PACER were tested twice with a 1 week interval by the same tester using the same instrument.@*Results@#Each item in the Brockport physical fitness test was completed. The intraclass correlation coefficients for height, weight, BMI, dominant grip strength, modified curl up, trunk lift, back saver sit and reach (left/right leg straight), and PACER in all subjects were 1.00, 1.00, 1.00, 0.94, 0.75, 0.78, 0.90, 0.87, 0.89, respectively. In blind subjects, the corresponding values were 1.00, 1.00, 1.00, 0.97, 0.80, 0.92, 0.89, 0.87, 0.87, respectively. In low vision subjects, the corresponding values were 1.00 , 1.00, 1.00, 0.90, 0.71, 0.40, 0.89, 0.85, 0.85, respectively. The Cohen kappa values for shoulder stretch (left/right hand on top) were 0.79 and 0.78 in all subjects, 0.72 and 0.64 in blind subjects, and 0.87 and 1.00 in low vision subjects.@*Conclusion@#The Brockport physical fitness test is a feasible and reliable physical fitness test for visually impaired adolescents in China, however, trunk lift is not recommended for adolescents with low vision.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 247-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920607

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and reliability of the Brockport physical fitness test in visually impaired adolescents in China to determine its applicability in clinical practice and research.@*Methods@#A total of 41 visually impaired adolescents 10-17 years of age were included. Body mass index (BMI), dominant grip strength, modified curl up, trunk lift, shoulder stretch, back saver sit and reach and PACER were tested twice with a 1 week interval by the same tester using the same instrument.@*Results@#Each item in the Brockport physical fitness test was completed. The intraclass correlation coefficients for height, weight, BMI, dominant grip strength, modified curl up, trunk lift, back saver sit and reach (left/right leg straight), and PACER in all subjects were 1.00, 1.00, 1.00, 0.94, 0.75, 0.78, 0.90, 0.87, 0.89, respectively. In blind subjects, the corresponding values were 1.00, 1.00, 1.00, 0.97, 0.80, 0.92, 0.89, 0.87, 0.87, respectively. In low vision subjects, the corresponding values were 1.00 , 1.00, 1.00, 0.90, 0.71, 0.40, 0.89, 0.85, 0.85, respectively. The Cohen kappa values for shoulder stretch (left/right hand on top) were 0.79 and 0.78 in all subjects, 0.72 and 0.64 in blind subjects, and 0.87 and 1.00 in low vision subjects.@*Conclusion@#The Brockport physical fitness test is a feasible and reliable physical fitness test for visually impaired adolescents in China, however, trunk lift is not recommended for adolescents with low vision.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920539

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of maternal iodine deficiency in Lishui City of Zhejiang Province, and explore the effect of maternal iodine deficiency on the growth and development of infants. Methods A total of 209 pregnant women living in Liandu District of Lishui City from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected by stratified sampling method. Urine iodine level in pregnant women and iodine content in edible salt at home were determined to assess the status of iodine deficiency and to analyze the influencing factors. Their babies were followed up for 1 year, and metabolic disease screening and physical examination were carried out to evaluate the growth and development. Results The median of urinary iodine levels in 2017 and 2018 were 165 µg·L-1 and 192 µg·L-1, respectively. Both of the values met the standard of iodine sufficiency. The results of salt iodine content in pregnant women's homes showed that 7 cases (3.35%) were without iodized salt and 202 cases (96.65%) with iodized salt, including 186 cases (89.00%) with qualified iodized salt. Univariate analysis showed that pregnancy, education level, intake of iodized salt, cooking methods of salt, intake frequency of iodine-rich food and knowledge of iodine nutrition had significant impact on iodine deficiency in pregnant women (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that early pregnancy (OR=1.626) and adding salt into heat oil (OR=1.874) were risk factors for iodine deficiency in pregnant women, while intake of qualified iodized salt (OR=0.593) was a protective factor. Follow-up results showed that there were no abnormalities in newborn screening, and babies of 2 women (2.41%) with iodine deficiency were short in height at 1, 6 and 12 months of age. Conclusion Attention should be paid to the monitoring of pregnant women's urinary iodine levels to guide the scientific supplementation of iodine, so as not to affect the growth and development of infants.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 104-107, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920503

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the relationship between screen time and gross motor development and to provide scientific basis for health promotion among preschool children.@*Methods@#In March 2021, gross motor of 373 children from 5 kindergartens in Baotou was tested by Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD). Screen time (ST) was collected by parental questionnaire. Paired t-test was used to compare the screen time between working days and weekends, and independent sample t-test was used to compare the differences of children s motor development between different sexes.@*Results@#ST of children was (52.10±31.67) min/d during the week and (65.79±10.36) min/d during the weekend. There were significant differences in the total scores of gross motor and mobile motor of children in different sexes( t=2.35, 2.65, P <0.05). The correlation between total screen time and gross motor, mobile motor and operant motor was statistically significant ( r =-0.22--0.20, P <0.01). Multiple linear regression showed that the time spent watching TV and the time spent using mobile phones during the week were the main factors affecting the gross motor development.@*Conclusion@#There is a significant negative correlation between children s screen time and gross motor development. It is important to reduce the time spent on TV and mobile phone to improve childhood gross motor development.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the effect of glucocorticoid therapy on the growth and development of children with bronchiolitis.@*METHODS@#A total of 143 children with bronchiolitis who were treated with glucocorticoids from February 2017 to March 2018 were enrolled. The medical data were retrospectively collected, including height, weight, course of the disease, and diagnosis and treatment plan at initial admission. After three years of treatment, physical development indices were measured, growth and development were evaluated by Z-score, and related hematological parameters were measured, including osteocalcin, serum phosphorus, and insulin-like growth factor-1.@*RESULTS@#As for the children with bronchiolitis, the incidence rates of growth retardation and obesity increased significantly after three years of glucocorticoid therapy (P<0.05). The children treated with glucocorticoids for ≥29 days showed a significantly higher incidence rate of obesity than those treated with glucocorticoids for <29 days (P<0.05), while nebulized glucocorticoid treatment had no effect on the growth and development (P>0.05). Compared with the children with growth retardation, the children with normal development had significantly higher levels of serum phosphorus and insulin-like growth factor-1 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Glucocorticoid therapy can adversely affect long-term growth and development in children with bronchiolitis.


Subject(s)
Body Height , Bronchiolitis/drug therapy , Child , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects , Hospitalization , Humans , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927945

ABSTRACT

The continuous cropping obstacle of Panax notoginseng is serious, and effective control measures are lacking. Soil disinfection with chloropicrin(CP) has been proven to be effective in reducing the obstacles to continuous cropping of other crops. In order to ascertain the effect of CP in the continuous cropping of P. notoginseng, this paper explored the influences of CP at different treatment concentrations(0,30,40,50 kg/Mu, 1 Mu≈667 m~2) on soil macro-element nutrients, soil enzyme activity, growth and development of P. notoginseng, and the accumulation of medicinal components. The results showed that CP fumigation significantly increased the content of total nitrogen, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen, nitrate nitrogen, and available phosphorus in the soil, but it had no significant effect on potassium content. The soil protease activity showed a trend of first increasing and then decreasing with the prolonging of the treatment time. Both the soil urease and acid phosphatase activities showed a trend of first decreasing and then increasing with the prolonging of the treatment time. The higher the CP treatment concentration was, the lower the urease and acid phosphatase activities would be in the soil. The protease activity was relatively high after CP40 treatment, which was better than CP30 and CP50 treatments in promoting the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium accumulation in P. notoginseng. The seedling survival rates after CP0, CP30, CP40, and CP50 tratments in October were 0, 65.56%, 89.44%, and 83.33%, respectively. Compared with the CP30 and CP50 treatments, CP40 treatment significantly facilitated the growth and development of P. notoginseng, the increase in fresh and dry weights, and the accumulation of root saponins. In summary, CP40 treatment accelerates the increase in soil nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients and their accumulation in P. notoginseng, elevates the seedling survival rate of P. notoginseng, enhances the growth and development of P. notoginseng, and promotes the accumulation of medicinal components. CP40 treatment is therefore recommended in production.


Subject(s)
Fumigation , Growth and Development , Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated , Panax notoginseng , Soil
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927871

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the growth and dietary diversity status of children in multi-ethnic areas of Sichuan province,and to explore the associations of dietary diversity with growth and development indicators. Methods Children of 18-36 months old and their primary caregivers were selected with multi-stage cluster random sampling method from rural areas of Han,Tibetan,and Yi ethnic groups in Sichuan province. The sociodemographic information of children and their caregivers was collected using self-designed questionnaire.The dietary diversity score(DDS)was calculated according to the criteria in the Guidelines for Measuring Household and Individual Dietary Diversity released by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.The body height(length)and body weight of each child were measured by standard equipment for anthropological measurement,and the height for age Z score(HAZ),weight for age Z score(WAZ),and weight for height Z score(WHZ) were calculated.Multivariate linear regression was performed to analyze the relationship between dietary diversity and growth indicators of children. Results A total of 1092 children were enrolled in this study,and the prevalence of stunting(HAZ<-2),underweight(WAZ<-2),and wasting(WHZ<-2)was 21.1%,4.9%,and 2.5%,respectively.The children had the mean DDS of 4.8±1.7,and 45.3% of children had poor dietary diversity(DDS≤4).The children of Han ethnic group(5.8±1.4)had higher DDS than those of Tibetan ethnic group(4.9±1.6)and Yi ethnic group(3.9±1.6)(P<0.001).The results of multivariate linear regression indicated that DDS was positively correlated with HAZ(β=0.206,95%CI=0.158-0.254,P<0.001)after adjustment of sex,age,birth weight,preterm birth,and parental body height.After further adjustment of family fixed assets,ethnic group,caregiver's type,and caregiver's education background,the correlation between DDS and HAZ remained significant(β=0.077,95%CI=0.026-0.128, P=0.003). Conclusions The children in the multi-ethnic rural areas of Sichuan province showed troublesome growth and development status and low dietary diversity,which were conspicuously different between ethnic groups,especially in the rural areas of Yi ethnic group.The dietary diversity was positively associated with HAZ.It is recommended to carry out nutrition and health education according to the local dietary characteristics and thus improve the growth and development of children in multi-ethnic rural areas in Sichuan.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Ethnicity , Female , Growth and Development , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Nutritional Status , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Rural Population
12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 590-593, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924110

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the association between the occurrence of menarche and the exposure to artificial light at night (ALAN) in female Han nationality girls aged 9-18 in China, so as to provide a reference for the research on the disturbance mechanism of ALAN on puberty, as well as provide a scientific evidence for controlling ALAN and making public sanitary policy.@*Methods@#A total of 74 483 Han girls aged 9-18 with complete records of menarche, height, and weight were included in the 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health. Pearson correlation was used to explore the correlation between the incidence of menarche and the exposure to artificial light at night in 11-year-old Han girls, and the third quantiles of the area covered by outdoor night lights (0.16, 0.60) and the third quantiles of the average night light intensity [0.97, 5.91 nw/(sr ·cm) 2] were used respectively to divide the study subjects into 3 groups, and the multifactor Logistic regression model was used to analyze the effect of artificial light at night exposure on menarche.@*Results@#In 2014, the median age of menarche of Chinese Han girls was 12.18 years old, and the incidence of menarche in the 11-year-old group was 26.31%. After controlling for body mass index, local population and the logarithmic values of per capita GDP, the incidence of menarche of 11-year-old Han girls was positively correlated with the local outdoor average night light coverage area ratio and the night average light intensity logarithmic adjustment value( r =0.29, 0.30, P <0.05).The higher the local outdoor night light coverage area ratio ( OR =1.28, 1.52) and the average night light intensity ( OR =1.47, 1.58), the higher the incidence of menarche in 11-year-old Han girls( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a positive correlation between artificial light at night exposure and the menarche rate of 11-year-old Han girls. Research on artificial light at night exposure may provide scientific evidence on puberty onset and its effects on population health.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 582-585, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924108

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the relationship between lipid metabolism and heart rate deflection point (HRDP) in Tibetan children in the high altitude area of Ganzi, and to provide reference for effective obesity prevention and physical exercise intervention for Tibetan children.@*Methods@#From September to October 2019, 284 Tibetan primary school students living in Ganzi area were randomly selected. HRDP and deflection point speed with different body mass index (BMI) by increasing load method, as well as serum lipid metabolism were assessed. The correlation between the HRDP and lipid metabolism level was analyzed.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences in serum leptin, adiponectin, total cholesterol, and triglyceride levels among the first and second grade Tibetan primary school students in the Ganzi high altitude area with different nutritional status ( F =22.16, 10.12, 11.24, 4.35, P <0.05). The heart rate values at the HRDP in the first and second grades, the third and fourth grades, and the fifth and sixth grades under different nutritional status were compared, and the differences were statistically significant ( F =3.35, 4.76, 4.68, P <0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that there were statistically significant correlations between HRDP and serum leptin in the obese, overweight, normal, and lean groups in the first and second grades of primary school ( r =0.66, 0.14, 0.45, 0.65 , P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a close relationship between HRDP and lipid metabolism of Tibetan children in the high altitude area of Ganzi, and the heart rate at the deflection point can be used as an effective reference intensity for exercise intervention in plateau children.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923361

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the growth, development and health management of children with type 1 diabetes, and to provide guidance for the treatment of children with type 1 diabetes. Methods From June 2018 to June 2021, 86 children with type 1 diabetes diagnosed and treated in the Department of Endocrinology of our hospital from January 2000 to December 2002 were selected, including 41 males and 45 females, the onset age of 6-9 years old, all of whom were followed up by telephone. Height, weight, age of onset of youth, age of menarche, blood glucose control and complications were recorded and analyzed from onset to adulthood. Results The initial height of children were lower than those of children of the same age (P0.05).The median age of initiation of puberty in boys was (12.10±1.50) years later than that in the general population (P 8.0%. There were 1 (1.16%) cases of retinopathy and 4 (4.65%) cases of microalbuminuria. 84 cases (97.67%) were monitored for blood glucose or urine glucose, and only 2 cases were not monitored. Conclusion Due to poor self-control and growth, the blood glucose control of children with type 1 diabetes is often not ideal. Although complications are rare, most blood glucose control is not ideal and blood glucose detection is not enough. Therefore, It is necessary to strengthen the publicity and education of diabetes and regularly monitor blood glucose.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 429-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923145

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand physical activity status and its relation with cardiopulmonary endurance among Chinese children and adolescents, so as to provide reference for cardiopulmonary endurance improvement and intervention of Chinese children and adolescents.@*Methods@#During September to November 2018, a stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 4 269 children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in six major regions of China, 20 m shuttle run test and physical activity were assessed.@*Results@#Average duration for daily lowintensity physical activity among boys was (31.49±30.01) min, for moderate to vigorous physical activity (68.37±46.50) min. Average duration for low intensity physical activity among girls was (34.02±31.58) min, for moderate to vigorous physical activity was (63.02±44.91) min. The number of 20 m shuttle run test for boys reached ( 36.17 ±21.94) times, and the maximal oxygen uptake per minute was (44.51±5.05) mL/kg; the number of 20 m shuttle run test for girls reached (26.59±12.56) times, and the maximal oxygen uptake per minute was (41.99±5.29) mL/kg. There were statistically significant differences in the number of 20 m shuttle run test and maximal oxygen uptake across age groups in boys ( F= 589.37 , 152.79, P <0.01), as well as that in girls ( F=305.21, 1 032.46, P <0.01). The proportion of boys and girls who met moderate to vigorous physical activity standard was 49.24% and 42.92%, respectively. Linear regression analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the duration of moderate to vigorous physical activity and maximal oxygen uptake ( β=0.11, P < 0.01).@*Conclusion@#There is a significant correlation between moderate to vigorous physical activity with cardiorespiratory endurance among Chinese children and adolescents. Higher level of moderate to vigorous physical activity is important to help improve cardiopulmonary endurance among children and adolescents.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 421-424, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923142

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand physical health of pre school children aged 3-6, so as to analyze the early life influencing factors, and to provide a reference for physical health promotion of preschool children.@*Methods@#The method of random sampling was used to select 1 580 preschoolers aged from 3-6 in Guangzhou. National physical health test and questionnaire survey were conducted to assess physical health.@*Results@#The physical fitness pass rate of preschool children was 87.2%, among which the excellent rate was 30.8%. With the increase of age, the rate of good physique of both boys and girls increased. There were statistical differences in body shape indexes (except dermal fold thickness) between male and female children at all ages ( P <0.01). The rate of overweight and obesity was 14.7%, which was higher in boys (17.2%) than in girls (12.0%). There were significant differences between overweight and non overweight obese people( χ 2=4.84,3.96,5.73,4.85, P <0.05). Logistic regression showed that preterm birth was negatively correlated with the rate of good physique of preschool children ( OR=0.81, P <0.05). There was a positive correlation between birth weight greater than gestational age and the rate of physical fitness of preschool children ( OR=1.37, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Preschool children aged 3-6 years old in Guangzhou have poor physical health overall, and the rate of good physical health is related to factors such as preterm gestational week in early life delivery and birth weight greater than the gestational age.

17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 417-420, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923141

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the current situation of psychological and behavioral development of Tibetan children aged 0-5 years in Tibet, and to provide basic data for analyzing the relationship between stunning and children s psychological and behavioral development.@*Methods@#A total of 2 788 Tibetan children aged 0-71 months were randomly selected from seven districts and counties in Tibet from September to November 2020 by stratified PPS method and cluster sampling method for questionnaire survey and physical examination. Multivariate Logistic model was used to analyze the effect of stunting on psychological and behavioral development.@*Results@#The detection rate of psychological and behavioral development deviation of Tibetan children aged 0-5 years in Tibet was 24.68%, among which the detection rates of development deviation in language, gross motor skill, fine motor skill, and social emotional were 8.07%, 9.15%, 12.02% and 12.73%, respectively. After adjusting for potential mixed factors, the OR value (95% CI ) of the risk of psychological and behavioral development deviation of stunted children was 1.34(1.05-1.70). There was positive association with the three dimensions of language, fine motor skill, and social [ OR value (95% CI ) was 1.44(1.01-2.05 ), 1.50(1.06-2.12) and 1.54(1.14-2.07)], respectively. Subgroup analysis showed significant differences in age (0-35 months old: OR =1.16, 95% CI =0.88-1.53; 36-71 months old: OR =2.28, 95% CI =1.44-3.62) and gender (boys: OR =1.69, 95% CI =1.23-2.32; girls: OR =0.98, 95% CI =0.67-1.42) in the association between stunting and psychological and behavioral development.@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of psychological and behavioral development deviation of 0-5 year old Tibetan children is high. Stunting is associated with the risk of psychological and behavioral development. Early screening and comprehensive intervention of children s nutritional and neurodevelopmental should be carried out, especially among older age boys.

18.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(283): 6846-6857, dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1371959

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar o perfil das crianças com até um ano de idade acompanhadas nas consultas de puericultura na atenção primária à saúde. Método: Estudo exploratório e descritivo, realizado em 2020 por meio do prontuário de crianças nascidas em 2019, com até um ano de idade acompanhadas em Unidade Básica de Saúde do município de Maringá - PR. Utilizou-se análise estatística descritiva. Resultados: A puericultura foi realizada com lactentes entre 8 dias e menos de 2 meses de idade. As principais queixas identificadas relacionavam-se ao trato gastrointestinal e respiratório. Foram várias as alterações presentes no exame físico, com destaque para os problemas dermatológicos. Quanto as orientações registradas, observou-se em especial aquelas sobre alimentação. Conclusão: A puericultura é muito importante para a detecção precoce de doenças, bem como para a promoção da saúde. Faz-se necessário avanços nessa área para que de fato o atendimento à criança seja holístico, integral e contínuo(AU)


Objective: to identify the profile of children up to one year of age followed in childcare consultations in primary health care. Method: Exploratory and descriptive study, carried out in 2020 through the medical records of children born in 2019, aged up to one year, followed up in a Basic Health Unit in the city of Maringá - PR. Descriptive statistical analysis was used. Results: Childcare was performed with infants aged between 8 days and less than 2 months of age. The main complaints identified were related to the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. There were several changes present in the physical examination, with emphasis on dermatological problems. As for the guidelines recorded, it was observed in particular those on food. Conclusion: Childcare is very important for the early detection of diseases, as well as for health promotion. Advances in this area are needed so that child care is truly holistic, comprehensive and continuous(AU)


Objetivo: identificar el perfil de los niños hasta un año de edad seguidos en las consultas de puericultura en atención primaria de salud. Método: Estudio exploratorio y descriptivo, realizado en 2020 a través de historias clínicas de niños nacidos en 2019, con edad hasta un año, seguidos en una Unidad Básica de Salud de la ciudad de Maringá - PR. Se utilizó análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: Se realizó cuidado infantil con lactantes de entre 8 días y menos de 2 meses de edad. Las principales quejas identificadas estaban relacionadas con el tracto gastrointestinal y respiratorio. Hubo varios cambios presentes en el examen físico, con énfasis en los problemas dermatológicos. En cuanto a las pautas registradas, se observó en particular las relativas a la alimentación. Conclusión: El cuidado infantil es muy importante para la detección temprana de enfermedades, así como para la promoción de la salud. Se necesitan avances en esta área para que el cuidado infantil sea verdaderamente holístico, integral y continuo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Primary Health Care , Child Care , Growth and Development
19.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(6): 595-602, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350976

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To discuss the approach to patients diagnosed with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in childhood during the transition period from puberty to adulthood, focusing on the following: (1) physiology; (2) effects of recombinant human GH (rhGH) interruption/reinstitution after adult height achievement; (3) re-evaluation of somatrotropic axis; (4) management of rhGH reinstitution, when necessary. Source of data: Narrative review of the literature published at PubMed/MEDLINE until September 2020 including original and review articles, systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Synthesis of data: Growth hormone is crucial for the attainment of normal growth and for adequate somatic development, which does not end concomitantly with linear growth. Retesting adolescents who already meet the criteria that predict adult GHD with high specificity is not necessary. Patients with isolated GHD have a high likelihood of normal response to GH testing after puberty. Adolescents with confirmed GHD upon retesting should restart rhGH replacement and be monitored according to IGF-I levels, clinical parameters, and complementary exams. Conclusion: Patients with isolated idiopathic GHD in childhood are a special group who must be reevaluated for GHD as many of them have normal GH provocative tests upon retesting after puberty. Patients who confirm the persistence of GHD in the transition period should maintain rhGH replacement in order to reach an ideal peak bone mass, satisfactory body composition, lipid and glucose profiles, and quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Human Growth Hormone , Transition to Adult Care , Quality of Life , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Growth Hormone , Puberty
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(6): 378-385, dic. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1342795

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Determinar la asociación de la velocidad de crecimiento (VC) intrahospitalaria y la fortificación de leche humana con la somatometría y el riesgo de muerte tras el alta o discapacidad grave a los 2 años de edad corregida (EC). Población y método. Análisis retrospectivo de la VC y evolución posterior. Se incluyeron los recién nacidos del período 1990-2015, con peso al nacer < 1500 g. Se excluyeron neonatos con patología que afectaba al crecimiento. Se estudió una cohorte global y dos subcohortes: los nacidos en 1990-2001 (sin fortificación) y los nacidos en 2002-2015 (fortificada). La VC se calculó según la fórmula de Fenton y se consideró adecuada si resultó > 12 g/kg/día. Resultados. Se reclutaron 1194 pacientes. La VC adecuada se asoció a mayor mediana de peso a los 2 años de EC en la cohorte global (11 400 g [10 300-12 500] versus 11 000 g [10 000-12 140], p = 0,02. La cohorte 2002-2015 alcanzó mayor talla media (86,42 ± 4,03 cm versus 85,56 ± 4,01, p = 0,02) y mayor porcentaje de prematuros que alcanzaron un crecimiento compensatorio (catch-up) a los 2 años de EC en la cohorte global con VC adecuada (62,50 % versus 34,69 %, p < 0,02). No se encontraron diferencias en el riesgo de muerte tras el alta o discapacidad grave a los 2 años de EC con VC adecuada (OR: 0,79; IC95 %: 0,47-1,12) ni al considerarse el análisis por subcohortes. Conclusiones. Una VC adecuada se asoció con mejor crecimiento, pero no con menor riesgo de muerte tras el alta o discapacidad grave. La cohorte fortificada alcanzó mayor talla media a los 2 años de EC.


Objective. To determine the association between intrahospital growth rate (GR) and breast milk fortification and somatometry, and risk for death after discharge or severe disability at 2 years of corrected age (CA). Population and method. Retrospective analysis of GR and subsequent course. Infants born in the 1990-2015 period with a birth weight < 1500 g were included. Infants with diseases affecting growth were excluded. An overall cohort and 2 sub-cohorts were studied: infants born in the 1990-2001 period (without fortification) and 2002-2015 period (with fortification). The GR was estimated and deemed adequate if > 12 g/kg/day. Results. A total of 1194 patients were recruited. An adequate GR was associated with a higher median weight at 2 years of CA in the overall cohort (11 400 g [10 300-12 500] versus 11 000 g [10 000-12 140], p = 0.02). The 2002-2015 cohort reached a higher mean height (86.42 ± 4.03 cm versus 85.56 ± 4.01, p = 0.02). More preterm infants caught-up growth at 2 years of CA in the overall cohort with an adequate GR (62.50 % versus 34.69 %, p < 0.02). No differences were observed in the risk for death after discharge or severe disability at 2 years of CA with an adequate GR (OR: 0.79; 95 % confidence interval: 0.47-1.12). Conclusions. An adequate GR was associated with improved growth, but not with a lower risk for death after discharge or severe disability. The cohort with fortified breast milk reached a higher mean height at 2 years of CA


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Infant, Premature , Child Development , Milk, Human , Patient Discharge , Birth Weight , Retrospective Studies
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