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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 30: e65524, jan. -dez. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392817

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar os níveis de resiliência de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca e sua associação com a qualidade de vida e sintomas depressivos. Método: estudo transversal envolvendo 102 pacientes. O período da coleta foi de janeiro a dezembro de 2019. Foram aplicados os seguintes instrumentos: o Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire, o World Health Organization Quality of Life - WHOQOL-Bref, o instrumento Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale na subescala depressão e a Escala de Resiliência de Wagnild e Young. Para avaliar correlação dos escores das escalas foram utilizados os testes coeficiente de Correlação de Pearson ou Coeficiente de Correlação de Spearman. Resultados: ao associar a escala de resiliência com qualidade de vida e sintomas depressivos, apenas o HADS-D foi significante com a escala de resiliência. Conclusão: nesse estudo observou-se que os indivíduos mais resilientes não possuíam sintomas depressivos.


Objective: to determine levels of resilience among heart failure patients and its association with quality of life and depressive symptoms. Method: in this cross-sectional study involving 102 patients, data were collected from January to December 2019, by administering the following instruments: the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) questionnaire, the depression subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D), and the Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale. Pearson's Correlation Coefficient and Spearman's Correlation Coefficient tests were used to assess correlation among scale scores. Results: when associating the resilience scale with quality of life and depressive symptoms, the only significant association found was between the resilience scale and the HADS-D. Conclusion: in this study, the most resilient individuals were found not to have depressive symptoms.


Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre el riesgo de violencia y la calidad de vida de ancianos en el ambiente hospitalario. Método: estudio cuantitativo, transversal, multicéntrico, desarrollado junto a 323 pacientes atendidos en dos hospitales universitarios de Paraíba. Se utilizaron instrumentos de caracterización sociodemográfica, riesgo de violencia y calidad de vida. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial, utilizando la prueba de chi-cuadrado de Pearson, correlación de Spearman y regresión logística múltiple. Resultados: el riesgo de violencia fue prevalente en ancianas con baja calidad de vida. Los ancianos con baja calidad de vida fueron 5,24 (IC = 3,04 - 9,05; p < 0,001) más propensos a estar en riesgo de violencia. Conclusión: se identificó una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la calidad de vida y el riesgo de violencia entre los ancianos.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 532-535, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376701

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Heart Failure is a common disease in the elderly. In the end stage, patients usually accompany a reduction in fat content and lean body mass in addition to heart failure. Objective: Study the exercise resistance effects and adverse reaction rate in patients with heart failure. Methods: 52 patients with chronic heart failure (38 males, age 67 ± 2.2 years) were randomly divided into two groups. According to New York Heart Association Functional Classification, 27 patients with grade II and 25 with grade I was randomly divided. The experimental group was submitted to aerobic exercises under heart rate control for seven months and the control group with no exercise prescription. In the comparison, the 6-minute walk test and a cardiac function test were employed by Agilent 4500 EcoDoppler at a frequency of 2.5MHz. The indices of systolic and left ventricular function were recorded on ECG simultaneously using the improved Simpsons method, and the following indices were measured: left ventricular systolic and end-diastolic; left ventricular ejection fraction; left ventricular diastolic function; early, late peak velocity and its ratio; mitral valve diastole. Results: Compared to the control group, heart rate decreased to different degrees (P < 0.05), exercise endurance increased significantly (P < 0.01), and left ventricular function index improved significantly (P < 0.01). Conclusion: We observed a positive impact of aerobic exercise directed at the rehabilitation of the cardiovascular system and mental health in elderly patients. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução: A insuficiência cardíaca é uma doença comum em idosos. No estágio final, além da disfunção cardíaca, os pacientes geralmente acompanham uma redução no teor de gordura e da massa magra. Objetivo: Estudar os efeitos da resistência ao exercício e da taxa de reação adversa em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. Métodos: 52 pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca crônica (38 homens, idade de 67 ± 2,2 anos) foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos. Segundo a classificação funcional da IC NYHA, 27 pacientes com grau II e 25 com grau I foram divididos aleatoriamente. O grupo experimental foi submetido a exercícios aeróbicos sob controle da frequência cardíaca por 7 meses e comparado ao grupo controle sem prescrição de exercício algum. Na comparação, foram utilizados o teste de caminhada de 6 minutos, teste de função cardíaca por EcoDoppler Agilent 4500 em frequência de 2,5MHz. Os índices de função sistólica e ventricular esquerda foram registrados no eCG simultaneamente utilizando o método Simpsons melhorado e os seguintes índices foram medidos: sistólica ventricular esquerda e diastólica final; fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda; função diastólica ventricular esquerda; velocidade de pico precoce, tardio e sua razão; diástole da válvula mitral. Resultados: Comparado ao grupo controle, a frequência cardíaca diminuiu em diferentes graus (P<0,05), a resistência ao exercício aumentou significativamente (P < 0,01) e o índice de função ventricular esquerda melhorou significativamente (P < 0,01). Conclusão: Observou-se um impacto positivo do exercício aeróbico direcionado à reabilitação do sistema cardiovascular e da saúde mental nos pacientes idosos. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La insuficiencia cardíaca es una enfermedad común en los ancianos. En la fase final, además de la disfunción cardíaca, los pacientes suelen acompañar una reducción del contenido de la grasa y de la masa magra. Objetivo: Estudiar los efectos de la resistencia al ejercicio y la tasa de reacción adversa en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca. Métodos: 52 pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca crónica (38 varones, edad de 67 ± 2,2 años) fueron divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos. Según la clasificación funcional de la IC de la NYHA, se dividieron aleatoriamente 27 pacientes con grado II y 25 con grado I. El grupo experimental fue sometido a ejercicios aeróbicos bajo control de la frecuencia cardíaca durante 7 meses y comparado con el grupo de control sin prescripción de ejercicios. En la comparación se utilizó la prueba de marcha de 6 minutos y la prueba de función cardíaca mediante el EcoDoppler Agilent 4500 a una frecuencia de 2,5MHz. Los índices de la función sistólica y del ventrículo izquierdo se registraron en la eCG simultáneamente mediante el método mejorado de Simpsons y se midieron los siguientes índices: sistólica y diastólica final del ventrículo izquierdo; fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo; función diastólica del ventrículo izquierdo; velocidad máxima temprana y tardía y su relación; diástole de la válvula mitral. Resultados: En comparación con el grupo de control, la frecuencia cardíaca disminuyó en diferentes grados (P < 0,05), la resistencia al ejercicio aumentó significativamente (P < 0,01) y el índice de función ventricular izquierda mejoró significativamente (P < 0,01). Conclusión: Se observó un impacto positivo del ejercicio aeróbico dirigido a la rehabilitación del sistema cardiovascular y la salud mental en pacientes de edad avanzada. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

3.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 92(3): 320-326, jul.-sep. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393826

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas e imagenológicas de los pacientes con trasplante cardiaco por amiloidosis en una institución de la comunidad. Método: Serie de casos descriptiva de pacientes consecutivos receptores de trasplante cardiaco con amiloidosis en un centro médico. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de amiloidosis con compromiso cardiaco receptores de trasplante cardiaco en el periodo de noviembre de 2008a febrero de 2021. Resultados: Se incluyeron 16 pacientes con una edad media de 59.9 años (± 10.2) y el 81.25 % (n = 13) eran de sexo masculino. Según el tipo de amiloidosis, 12 pacientes recibieron el trasplante por amiloidosis por cadenas livianas (AL) y 4 por amiloidosis por transtiretina (ATTR). Las formas más frecuentes de presentación clínica fueron sobrecarga izquierda (50 %) y shock cardiogénico (32 %). La mitad recibieron el trasplante estando en lista de emergencia. La fracción de eyección promedio previa al trasplante fue del 43% (± 16). Presentaron disfunción del ventrículo derecho 14 de los 16 pacientes. El hallazgo más común en la resonancia magnética cardiaca fue el patrón de realce tardío de gadolinio subendocárdico difuso, con anulación del pool sanguíneo. La realización del trasplante cardiaco permitió a la mitad de los pacientes con amiloidosis AL (n = 6) la posibilidad de recibir trasplante de médula ósea en un segundo tiempo. Conclusiones: En la actualidad, el trasplante cardiaco se ha convertido en una opción para pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca por amiloidosis, tanto AL como ATTR. En los pacientes con amiloidosis AL incluso puede permitir en un segundo tiempo el trasplante de médula ósea.


Abstract Objective: To describe the clinical and imaging characteristics of heart transplantation patients due to amyloidosis in a community institution. Method: Descriptive case series of consecutive heart transplantation patients with amyloidosis in a medical center. All patients with diagnosis of amyloidosis with cardiac compromise receiving heart transplantation, performed in the period November 2008 to February 2021, were included in the analysis. Results: A total of 16 patients were included. The mean age was 59.9 years (± 10.2). 81.25% (n = 13) were male. According to the type of amyloidosis, 12 patients were transplanted for AL amyloidosis and 4 for ATTR amyloidosis. The most frequent clinical presentations were left overload (50%) and cardiogenic shock (32%). The mean ejection fraction prior to transplantation was 43% (± 16), 14 of the 16 patients had right ventricular dysfunction. The most common finding on cardiac magnetic resonance was the diffuse subendocardial late gadolinium enhancement pattern, with cancellation of the blood pool. The heart transplantation gave 6 patients the chance to receive a bone marrow transplantation afterwards. Conclusions: Heart transplantation has become an option for patients with heart failure due to AL and ATTR amyloidosis. In patients with AL amyloidosis, it might even allow bone marrow transplantation in a second stage.

5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 514-520, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385273

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Due to its poor prognosis and mortality rates, heart failure (HF) has been recognized as a malignant condition, comparable to some cancers in developed countries. Objectives: To compare mortality from HF and prevalent cancers using data from a nationwide database in Brazil. Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study using secondary data obtained from Brazilian administrative databases of death records and hospitalization claims maintained by the Ministry of Health. Data were analyzed according to main diagnosis, year of occurrence (2005-2015), sex and age group. Descriptive analyses of absolute number of events, hospitalization rate, mortality rate, and in-hospital mortality rate were performed. Results: The selected cancers accounted for higher mortality, lower hospitalization and higher in-hospital mortality rates than HF. In a group analysis, HF showed mortality rates of 100-150 per 100,000 inhabitants over the period, lower than the selected cancers. However, HF had a higher mortality rate than each type of cancer, even when compared to the most prevalent and deadly ones. Regarding hospitalization rates, HF was associated with a higher risk of hospitalization when compared to cancer-related conditions as a group. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that HF has an important impact on mortality, hospitalization and in-hospital mortality, comparable to or even worse than some types of cancer, representing a potential burden to the healthcare system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Heart Failure/mortality , Neoplasms/mortality , Prognosis , Brazil , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospital Mortality , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Hospitalization , Neoplasms/diagnosis
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(4): 534-545, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394728

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) is a rare anomaly. Current data available regarding adult cases is derived from small series, information simultaneously presented in pediatric publications, and one classical multicenter study. This review, not aimed to exhaust the subject, has the purpose to examine the literature addressing presentation, diagnostic methodology, and management of afflicted adult patients. Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken in three major databases (PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO), using the keywords "congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries" and "adults". Relevant articles in English, Spanish, and Portuguese were extracted and critically appraised in this review. Steps for study selection were: (1) identification of titles of records through databases searching, (2) removal of duplicates, (3) screening and selection of abstracts, (4) final inclusion in the study. Results: Four hundred sixty-five publications on CCTGA in adult patients were retrieved, and 166 were excluded; 299 studies were used for this review including 76 full-text articles, 70 studies related to general aspects of the subject, and, due to the small number of publications, 153 case reports. Sixty-one articles referring to combined experiences in pediatric and adult patients and judged to be relevant, but retrieved from another sources, were also included. Conclusion: Albeit clinical presentation and diagnostic criteria have been well stablished, there seems to be room for discussion related to clinical and surgical management of CCTGA in adults. Considering the rarity of the disease, well designed multicenter studies may provide answers.

9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(3): 281-291, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376534

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Pediatric heart transplantation is the definitive therapy for children with end-stage heart failure. This paper describes our initial experience in pediatric heart transplantation in a tertiary center in Brazil Methods: This is a historical prospective descriptive cohort study based on a review of the medical records of children undergoing heart transplantation at Hospital de Base and Hospital da Criança e Maternidade de São José do Rio Preto. Variables were displayed as frequency, mean, or median. Statistical analysis and Kaplan-Meier actuarial curve were obtained with the aid of Microsoft® Excel® 2019 and STATSDirect version 3.3.5. Results: Between January 2010 and December 2020, ten children underwent bicaval orthotopic heart transplantation, 30% of which were under one year of age. Nine patients had end-stage heart failure (International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation-Heart Failure D) and 50% of the recipients were transplanted under conditions of progressive clinical deterioration (Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support ≤ 2). Forty percent of the recipients had a panel-reactive antibody > 20% on virtual crossmatch. In the postoperative period, 80% of patients required high dose of inotropic support (vasoactive-inotropic score > 10) for > 48 hours. The death-free survival rate at 131 months was 77.1±14.4%. Most patients (88.9%) in late follow-up had an episode of active cytomegalovirus infection. Cellular rejection, with or without clinical repercussion, was present in 44.4% of the patients. Conclusion: Pediatric heart transplantation produces acceptable and feasible outcomes as definitive therapy for children with end-stage heart failure.

10.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 505-508, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377380

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a contraindication for heart transplantation (HT). It has been correlated with increased early and late mortality, mainly associated with right ventricular failure. Ventricular assistance devices (VADs) can promote reduction of intracardiac pressures and consequent reduction of PAH over the medium and long terms, thus enabling future candidature for HT. The diminution of early pulmonary pressure within this scenario remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reduction of PAH and correlate data from right catheterization with the earliness of this reduction. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in a general hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis on the medical records of patients undergoing VAD implantation in a single hospital. Patients for whom VAD had been indicated as a bridge to candidature for HT due to their condition of constant PAH were selected. RESULTS: Four patients with VADs had constantly severe PAH. Their mean pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) before VAD implantation was 66 mmHg. Over the 30-day period after the procedure, all the patients evolved with a drop in PASP to below 60 mmHg. Their new average was 36 mmHg, which was a drop of close to 50% from baseline values. The one-year survival of this sample was 100%. CONCLUSION: VAD implantation can reduce PAH levels. Early reduction occurred in all patients. Thus, use of VAD is an important bridge tool for enabling candidature for HT among patients with constantly severe PAH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/surgery , Hypertension, Pulmonary/surgery , Pulmonary Artery , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 364-372, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375640

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Among the various pathologies that affect the elderly, Heart Failure (HF) stands out. Recently, an attempt has been made to verify the existence of cognitive impairment associated with HF. Objectives: To compare the cognitive performance of elderly people with heart failure with that of age-matched individuals without this pathology. Check the existence of marked impairment in some cognitive functions in the clinical group. Methods: The sample consisted of 78 elderly people, whose inclusion criterion was the presence of HF and no HF (control group); age over 60 years, both sexes, and any level of education. The control group consisted of 37 individuals (with a median age of 68 years - Interquartile range of 12) and the HF group, with 41 individuals (with a median age of 67 years - Interquartile range of 11). The subjects were matched in terms of education level, with a predominance of elderly people with 0 to 4 years of education (65.9% in the Clinical Group and 59.5% in the Control Group). Eleven neuropsychological tests covering cognitive functions were used: attention, language, memory, mood, and executive function. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software, version 23, with a significance level of 5%. The Chi-square test and the Mann-Whitney test were applied. Results: The results showed significant differences between the groups, mainly in executive functions, which include the ability to plan, switch, and recall previously stored information. Conclusion: Our study showed differences between the cognitive performance of elderly people with HF and elderly people without HF. The main alteration was found in the so-called executive functions, attention, and memory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Attention , Aging , Executive Function , Cognitive Dysfunction , Heart Failure , Memory , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression , Nervous System Diseases , Neuropsychology
12.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 24-34, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395911

ABSTRACT

Amyloidosis is a low-frequency disease that can cause compromise of different systems. We report a case of heart failure in an 81-year-old woman secondary to amyloidosis, in which the echocardiogram was a valuable diagnostic tool.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Pericardial Effusion/diagnosis , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Amyloidosis , Radiography, Thoracic , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Electrocardiography , Computed Tomography Angiography , Heart Failure/etiology
15.
Cienc. Salud (St. Domingo) ; 6(2): 111-116, 20220520. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379475

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la miocardiopatía no compactada (MCNC) es una miocardiopatía no clasificada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Se describe como una enfermedad congénita muy rara, donde se observan trabeculaciones endomiocárdicas que aumentan en número y prominencia. Esta miocardiopatía conlleva un alto riesgo de arritmias malignas, fenómeno tromboembólico y disfunción ventricular izquierda. Objetivo: reportar el caso de una mujer de 34 años, diagnosticada previamente con obesidad mórbida, que acudió a consulta externa para una evaluación cardiovascular prequirúrgica. El electrocardiograma mostró el ventrículo izquierdo (VI) ligeramente dilatado y llamativa trabeculación del mismo. Resultados: se confirma el diagnóstico de MCNC a través de una imagen de resonancia magnética. Se autoriza su cirugía y se recomiendan cambios en su estilo de vida y cambio de medicación para riesgos de fallo cardíaco. En el último ecocardiograma, los diámetros del VI muestran mejoría con respecto al primero. Conclusiones: la presencia de trabeculaciones en el VI debe considerarse un dato clínico de sospecha de MCNC. Se deben realizar más investigaciones sobre las causas de esta miocardiopatía no clasificada para desarrollar mejores formas terapéuticas, sin embargo, ha sido probada la eficacia de los bloqueadores de los receptores de la angiotensina II en el manejo farmacoterapéutico de esta condición


Introduction: Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a cardiomyopathy not classified by the World Health Organization. It is described as a very rare congenital disease where endomyocardial trabeculations that increase in number and prominence are observed. This cardiomyopathy carries a high risk of malignant arrhythmias, thromboembolic events and left ventricular dysfunction. Objective: To report the case of a 34-year-old woman, previously diagnosed with morbid obesity, who came to the outpatient clinic for a preoperative cardiovascular evaluation. The electrocardiogram showed a slightly dilated left ventricle (LV) and striking trabeculation. Results: The diagnosis of LVNC was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Surgery was authorized and lifestyle changes and change of medication for heart failure risks were recommended. On the last echocardiogram, LV diameters show improvement from the first. Conclusions: The presence of trabeculations in the LV should be considered as clinical data of suspected LVNC. Further investigations on the causes of this unclassified cardiomyopathy should be performed to develop better therapeutic ways, however, the efficacy of angiotensin II receptor blockers in the pharmacotherapeutic management of this condition has been proven


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cardiomyopathies , Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(6): 1118-1123, Maio 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383691

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A classificação funcional da New York Heart Association (NYHA) é o sistema de classificação mais utilizado para a insuficiência cardíaca (IC), enquanto o teste de exercício cardiopulmonar (TECP) é o padrão ouro para a avaliação do estado funcional na IC. Objetivo Analisar a correlação e a concordância entre as classes da NYHA e as variáveis do TECP. Métodos Foram selecionados pacientes com IC com indicação clínica para TECP e fração de ejeção (FE) < 50%. A correlação (coeficiente de Spearman) e a concordância (kappa) entre a classificação da NYHA e as classificações baseadas no TECP foram analisadas. Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados No total, foram incluídos 244 pacientes no estudo. A idade média foi de 56±14 anos, e a FE média foi de 35,5%±10%. A distribuição de pacientes de acordo com a classificação da NYHA foi a seguinte: classe I (31,2%), classe II (48,3%), classe III (19,2%) e classe IV (1,3%). A correlação (r) entre as classes da NYHA e de Weber foi de 0,489 (p < 0,001), e a concordância foi de 0,231 (p < 0,001). A correlação (r) entre as classes da NYHA e ventilatórias (inclinação da ventilação minuto/produção de dióxido de carbono [VE/VCO2]) foi de 0,218 (p < 0,001), e a concordância foi de 0,002 (p = 0,959). A correlação de Spearman entre as classes da NYHA e do escore TECP foi de 0,223 (p = 0,004), e a concordância kappa foi de 0,027 (p = 0,606). Conclusão Foi identificada uma associação moderada entre as classes da NYHA e de Webber, embora a concordância tenha sido baixa. As classes ventilatórias (inclinação VE/VCO2) e do escore TECP apresentaram uma associação fraca e uma baixa concordância com as classes da NYHA.


Abstract Background The New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification is the most commonly used classification system for heart failure (HF), whereas cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the gold standard for functional status evaluation in HF. Objective This study aimed to analyze correlation and concordance between NYHA classes and CPET variables. Methods HF patients with clinical indication for CPET and ejection fraction (EF) < 50% were selected. Correlation (Spearman coefficient) and concordance (kappa) between NYHA classification and CPET-based classifications were analyzed. A p < 0.05 was accepted as significant. Results In total, 244 patients were included. Mean age was 56 ± 14 years, and mean EF was 35.5% ± 10%. Distribution of patients according to NYHA classification was 31.2%% class I, 48.3% class II, 19.2% class III, and 1.3% class IV. Correlation (r) between NYHA and Weber classes was 0.489 (p < 0.001), and concordance was 0.231 (p < 0.001). Correlation (r) between NYHA and ventilatory classes (minute ventilation/carbon dioxide production [VE/VCO2] slope) was 0.218 (p < 0.001), and concordance was 0.002 (p = 0.959). Spearman correlation between NYHA and CPET score classes was 0.223 (p = 0.004), and kappa concordance was 0.027 (p = 0.606). Conclusion There was a moderate association between NYHA and Weber classes, although concordance was low. Ventilatory (VE/VCO2slope) and CPET score classes had a weak association and a low concordance with NYHA classes.

20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(6): 1108-1115, Maio 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383708

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A disfunção hepática é uma variável postulada de prognóstico desfavorável na cardiomiopatia dilatada (CMD). Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o valor prognóstico do escore albumina-bilirrubina (ALBI), um modelo relativamente novo para a avaliação da função hepática, em pacientes com CMD idiopática. Métodos: Um total de 1.025 pacientes com CMD idiopática foram incluídos retrospectivamente e divididos em três grupos com base nos escores de ALBI: grau 1 (≤ −2,60, n = 113), grau 2 (−2,60 a −1,39, n = 835) e grau 3 (> −1,39, n = 77). Foi analisada a associação do escore ALBI com eventos clínicos adversos maiores (ECAM) intra-hospitalares e mortalidade a longo prazo. Valor de p inferior a 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: A taxa de ECAM intra-hospitalares foi significativamente maior nos pacientes com grau 3 (2,7% versus 7,1% versus 24,7%, p < 0,001). A análise multivariada mostrou que o escore ALBI foi um preditor independente para ECAM intra-hospitalares (odds ratio ajustada = 2,80, IC 95%: 1,63 - 4,80, p < 0,001). Após seguimento mediano de 27 meses, 146 (14,2%) pacientes morreram. A curva de Kaplan-Meier indicou que a taxa cumulativa de sobrevida a longo prazo foi significativamente menor em pacientes com grau mais alto de ALBI (log-rank = 45,50, p < 0,001). O escore ALBI foi independentemente associado à mortalidade a longo prazo (hazard ratio ajustada = 2,84, IC 95%: 1,95 - 4,13, p < 0,001). Conclusão: O escore ALBI, como modelo de risco simples, pode ser considerado uma ferramenta de estratificação de risco para pacientes com CMD idiopática.


Abstract Background: Liver dysfunction is a postulated variable for poor prognosis in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of the albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score, a relatively new model for evaluating liver function, in patients with idiopathic DCM. Methods: A total of 1025 patients with idiopathic DCM were retrospectively included and divided into three groups based on ALBI scores: grade 1 (≤ −2.60, n = 113), grade 2 (−2.60 to −1.39, n = 835), and grade 3 (> −1.39, n = 77). The association of ALBI score with in-hospital major adverse clinical events (MACEs) and long-term mortality was analyzed. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The in-hospital MACEs rate was significantly higher in the grade 3 patients (2.7% versus 7.1% versus 24.7%, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that ALBI score was an independent predictor for in-hospital MACEs (adjusted odds ratio = 2.80, 95%CI: 1.63 - 4.80, p < 0.001). After a median 27-month follow-up, 146 (14.2%) patients died. The Kaplan-Meier curve indicated that the cumulative rate of long-term survival was significantly lower in patients with higher ALBI grade (log-rank = 45.50, p < 0.001). ALBI score was independently associated with long-term mortality (adjusted hazard ratio = 2.84, 95%CI: 1.95 - 4.13, p < 0.001). Conclusion: ALBI score as a simple risk model could be considered a risk-stratifying tool for patients with idiopathic DCM.

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