Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 16.107
Filter
1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 32: e81243, jan. -dez. 2024.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556462

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os fatores intervenientes na gerência do cuidado de enfermagem à criança hospitalizada com cardiopatia reumática. Método: estudo descritivo-exploratório com abordagem qualitativa, que utilizou a Teoria Fundamentada em Dados e o Interacionismo Simbólico, respectivamente, como referencial metodológico e teórico. A coleta de dados foi realizada em uma instituição especializada em atendimento cardiológico, no munícipio do Rio de Janeiro. Foram entrevistados 19 profissionais de enfermagem através de um roteiro semiestruturado. Resultado: emergiram os seguintes fatores intervenientes na prática da gerência do cuidado: condição socioeconômica da família, comportamento da criança, condições de trabalho, comunicação ineficaz, educação permanente, trabalho em equipe e experiência profissional. Conclusão: os resultados apontam para a necessidade de proposição de estratégias de ação e interação que facilitem a prática gerencial de cuidado à criança com cardiopatia reumática e sua família face aos fatores intervenientes identificados.


Objective: to analyze the factors involved in the management of nursing care for children hospitalized with rheumatic heart disease. Method: this is a descriptive-exploratory study with a qualitative approach, which used Data-Based Theory and Symbolic Interactionism, respectively, as methodological, and theoretical references. Data was collected in an institution specializing in cardiac care in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Nineteen nursing professionals were interviewed using a semi-structured script. Result: the following intervening factors in the practice of care management emerged: the family's socioeconomic status, the child's behavior, working conditions, ineffective communication, continuing education, teamwork, and professional experience. Conclusion: the results point to the need to propose strategies for action and interaction that facilitate management practice in caring for children with rheumatic heart disease and their families, given the intervening factors identified.


Objetivo: analizar los factores que intervienen en la gestión del cuidado de enfermería al niño hospitalizado con cardiopatía reumática. Método: estudio descriptivo-exploratorio con enfoque cualitativo, cuyos marcos metodológico y teórico fueron la Teoría Fundamentada y el Interaccionismo Simbólico, respectivamente. La recolección de datos se realizó en una institución especializada en atención cardiológica, en la ciudad de Río de Janeiro. Fueron entrevistados 19 profesionales de enfermería mediante un cuestionario semiestructurado. Resultado: surgieron los siguientes factores intervinientes en la práctica de la gestión del cuidado: condición socioeconómica de la familia, comportamiento del niño, condiciones de trabajo, comunicación ineficaz, educación continua, trabajo en equipo y experiencia profesional. Conclusión: los resultados indican que es necesario proponer estrategias de acción e interacción que faciliten la práctica de la gestión del cuidado al niño con cardiopatía reumática y a sus familiares, con respecto a los factores intervinientes identificados.

2.
MHSalud ; 21(1): 50-66, ene.-jun. 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558385

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: The variables determinants of physical performance in cross-country marathon of mountain biking (XCMMTB) are still unknown. Objective: We aimed to verify the training control variables and the physiological responses in an official XCM-MTB race. Material and methods: 13 athletes (11 men and 2 women; 33.3 ± 12.7 years of age) participated in this study. It was conducted during an official XCM-MTB in Brazil (route of 70 km). The heart rate (HR), altimetry, velocity, temperature, pacing, and power were obtained every 10 km travelled by the STRAVA application. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to verify whether the variables could predict physical performance. Results: The athletes maintained constant HR elevation in the corresponding zone 80% HRmax. They also presented a variation in the pacing (F = 35.82; p < 0.001; d = 0.66) and power (F = 7.20; p < 0.001; d = 0.18) showing higher values in the last 10 km. Only pacing can be considered a predictor of the physical performance (β = 0.958; t = 7.30; p < 0.001), specifically the one at 20 km (F = 10.23; p = 0.004; R2 = 0.82). Conclusion: The study concluded that the analyzed variables are reliable for the performance control in an official XCMMTB race. HR and power are variables that can be used to prescribe and control training, as they change according to the requirements of the race. Power can also be used as a performance predictor as it is directly influenced by terrain.


Resumen: Introducción: Las variables determinantes del rendimiento físico en una maratón de ciclismo de montaña (XCM-MTB) aún son desconocidas. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo fue verificar las variables fisiológicas y de control del entrenamiento en una carrera oficial de XCM-MTB. Materiales y métodos: 13 atletas (11 hombres y 2 mujeres; 33,3 ± 12,7 años) participaron en este estudio. La investigación se realizó durante un XCM-MTB oficial en Brasil (recorrido de 70 km). La frecuencia cardíaca (FC), la altimetría, la velocidad, la temperatura, el ritmo y la potencia se obtuvieron cada 10 km recorridos por la aplicación STRAVA. Se realizó un análisis múltiple de regresión linear para verificar si las variables podían predecir el rendimiento físico. Resultados: Hubo una elevación constante de la FC correspondiente al 80 % de la FCmax. El ritmo presentó una variación (F = 35,82; p < 0,001; d = 0,66) y potencia (F = 7,20; p < 0,001; d = 0,18) con valores superiores en los últimos 10 km. Solo el ritmo a los 20 km (F = 10,23; p = 0,004; R2 = 0,82) puede considerarse predictor del rendimiento físico (β = 0,958; t = 7,30; p < 0,001). Conclusión: El estudio concluyó que las variables analizadas son fiables para la prescripción y control del entrenamiento en una carrera oficial de XCM-MTB. La FC y la potencia son variables que se pueden utilizar para prescribir el entrenamiento. La potencia también se puede utilizar para predecir el rendimiento, ya que está directamente influenciada por el terreno.


Resumo: Introdução: As variáveis determinantes do desempenho físico na maratona de mountain bike cross-country (XCMMTB) ainda são desconhecidas. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo foi verificar as variáveis de controle de treinamento e as respostas fisiológicas em uma corrida oficial de XCMMTB. Material e métodos: Participaram deste estudo 13 atletas (11 homens e 2 mulheres; 33,3 ± 12,7 anos de idade). O estudo foi realizado durante uma corrida oficial de XCM-MTB no Brasil (percurso de 70 km). A frequência cardíaca (FC), altimetria, velocidade, temperatura, ritmo e potência foram obtidos a cada 10 km percorridos através do aplicativo STRAVA. Foi realizada uma análise de regressão linear múltipla para verificar se as variáveis poderiam prever o desempenho físico. Resultados: Os atletas mantiveram uma elevação constante na FC na zona correspondente a 80% da FC máxima. Apresentaram também variação no ritmo (F = 35,82; p < 0,001; d = 0,66) e na potência (F = 7,20; p < 0,001; d = 0,18), mostrando valores mais altos nos últimos 10 km. Apenas o ritmo pode ser considerado um preditor do desempenho físico (β = 0,958; t = 7,30; p < 0,001), especificamente no ponto dos 20 km (F = 10,23; p = 0,004; R2 = 0,82). Conclusão: O estudo concluiu que as variáveis analisadas são confiáveis para o controle de desempenho em uma corrida oficial de XCMMTB. A FC e a potência são variáveis que podem ser usadas para prescrever e controlar o treinamento, pois mudam de acordo com as exigências da corrida. A potência também pode ser usada como um preditor de desempenho, pois é diretamente influenciada pelo terreno.

3.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(2): e20230036, Apr.-June 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550489

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is an important cause of death among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Valve calcification is a predictor of cardiovascular mortality and coronary artery disease. Objective: To assess heart valve disease frequency, associated factors, and progression in CKD patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on 291 CKD patients at Hospital das Clínicas de Pernambuco. Inclusion criteria were age ≥ 18 with CKD and valve disease, while those on conservative management or with missing data were excluded. Clinical and laboratory variables were compared, and patients were categorized by dialysis duration (<5 years; 5-10 years; >10 years). Statistical tests, including chi-square, Fisher's exact, ANOVA, and Kruskal-Wallis, were employed as needed. Simple and multivariate binary regression models were used to analyze valve disease associations with dialysis duration. Significance was defined as p < 0.05. Results: Mitral valve disease was present in 82.5% (240) of patients, followed by aortic valve disease (65.6%; 86). Over time, 106 (36.4%) patients developed valve disease. No significant association was found between aortic, pulmonary, mitral, or tricuspid valve disease and dialysis duration. Secondary hyperparathyroidism was the sole statistically significant factor for mitral valve disease in the regression model (OR 2.59 [95% CI: 1.09-6.18]; p = 0.031). Conclusion: CKD patients on renal replacement therapy exhibit a high frequency of valve disease, particularly mitral and aortic valve disease. However, no link was established between dialysis duration and valve disease occurrence or progression.


Resumo Introdução: Doenças cardiovasculares são uma causa significativa de morte em pacientes com Doença Renal Crônica (DRC). A calcificação valvar é preditor de mortalidade cardiovascular e doença arterial coronariana. Objetivo: Avaliar a frequência, fatores associados e progressão de valvopatias em pacientes com DRC. Métodos: Coorte retrospectiva com 291 pacientes ambulatoriais no Hospital das Clínicas de Pernambuco. Inclusão: ≥18 anos com DRC e valvopatia; exclusão: tratamento conservador ou dados incompletos. Variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais foram comparadas e categorizadas por tempo de terapia dialítica (TTD): <5 anos, 5-10 anos, >10 anos. Foram aplicados os testes Qui-quadrado, exato de Fisher, ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis. Associação entre valvopatia e TTD foi avaliada por regressão binária. Significância foi definida como p < 0,05. Resultados: A valvopatia mitral foi encontrada em 82,5% (240) dos casos, seguida da aórtica (65,6%; 86). Houve progressão da doença valvar em 106 (36,4%) pacientes. Não houve associação entre valvopatias aórtica, pulmonar, mitral ou tricúspide e TTD. Hiperparatireoidismo secundário foi a única variável explicativa significativa na regressão para valvopatia mitral (OR 2,59 [IC95%: 1,09-6,18]; p = 0,031). Conclusão: Encontramos alta frequência de valvopatias, especialmente mitral e aórtica, aem pacientes com DRC. Não houve associação entre TTD e valvopatia.

4.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 16(2)May-Aug. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559130

ABSTRACT

El estudio de la regularidad de la Frecuencia Cardiaca, a través del Holter de 24 horas se hace desde la década de los años 60 y es bastante efectivo. Sin embargo, desde los años noventa comenzaron a efectuarse estudios cortos de Holter en pacientes sospechados de tener fallas autonómicas de control de la frecuencia cardiaca, especialmente en pacientes con comorbilidades tales como Hipertensión, Diabetes Mellitus, Aterosclerosis etc. De aquí la importancia de realizar un test de Holter de diez minutos, divididos en dos tiempos de 5 minutos, primero en decúbito dorsal y luego en bipedestación, especialmente en pacientes de más de cincuenta años o con comorbilidades presentes. Los resultados se presentan luego en gráficos de Poincare, que incluye el programa operativo del dispositivo, que permite un vistazo de la elipse con sus dos ejes, que representan las acciones simpáticas y parasimpáticas sobre la frecuencia cardiaca. Una variabilidad anormal de la frecuencia cardiaca debe ser luego estudiada más profundamente a fin de reafirmar el diagnóstico y ulteriores pasos en el tratamiento.


The variability of Cardiac Frequency is a valuable monitor of the autonomic function and is currently used as tool for study of changes of regularity through Holter 24 hours. From nighties, several researchers have been oriented to stablish relationship between VCF and autonomic failure, especially in patients with comorbidities, such as Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, atherosclerosis etc. Actually is well known that a lost or VCF or a minor variability, even in short traces of Holter in 10 minutes, means an autonomic failure, of baroreflex and quimioreflex resources. Hence, the importance of performing test of ten minutes Holter, five in decubitus position and five in standing, to patients of more than fifty years old, or less if comorbidities are presents, to design a Poincare diagram, which is special to indicate in quick view the prevalence of Sympathetic o Vagal action on cardiac frequency; that conduces to a more deep study of Autonomic failure, such tilt test, extended holter of 24 hours, and others medicals images resources.

5.
Vive (El Alto) ; 7(19): 40-49, abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560620

ABSTRACT

Los llamados factores de riesgo cardiovascular conductuales, como la dieta inadecuada, sedentarismo, el consumo excesivo de alcohol y el tabaquismo, aumentan la probabilidad de ataque cardíaco y accidente cerebrovascular, incluso cuando coexisten en personas sin padecimientos previos. Objetivo fue identificar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular en pacientes geriátricos del Centro de salud INNFA, en Macas, Ecuador. Metodología: Investigación con enfoque cuantitativo, diseño no experimental, alcance descriptivo, de corte transversal, empleó una muestra de 40 pacientes geriátricos atendidos en el Centro de Salud referido, la técnica para la recolección de datos fue la encuesta y el instrumento un cuestionario de riesgos cardiovasculares. La muestra de estudio se caracterizó por el predominio del sexo femenino y edades entre 60 y 69 años en los pacientes, condiciones socio-económicas que pueden incrementar el riesgo cardiovascular como como nivel educativo básico y la remuneración menor a un salario básico unificado. Conclusión: La mayoría de los pacientes presentaban dos o más factores de riesgo y entre estos predominaron la hipertensión arterial, hipercolesterolemia, sobrepeso, consumo excesivo de bebidas alcohólicas y la diabetes mellitus.


The so-called behavioral cardiovascular risk factors, such as inadequate diet, sedentary lifestyle, excessive alcohol consumption, and smoking, increase the probability of heart attack and stroke, even when they coexist in persons with no previous conditions. The objective was to identify cardiovascular risk factors in geriatric patients at the INNFA health center in Macas, Ecuador. Methodology: Research with a quantitative approach, non-experimental design, descriptive scope, cross-sectional, used a sample of 40 geriatric patients attended at the referred health center, the technique for data collection was the survey and the instrument was a cardiovascular risk questionnaire. The study sample was characterized by the predominance of female sex and age between 60 and 69 years in patients, socio-economic conditions that may increase cardiovascular risk such as basic education level and remuneration lower than a unified basic salary. Conclusion: Most of the patients had two or more risk factors and among these, arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, overweight, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages and diabetes mellitus predominated.


Os chamados factores de risco cardiovascular comportamentais, como a alimentação inadequada, o sedentarismo, o consumo excessivo de álcool e o tabagismo, aumentam a probabilidade de enfarte do miocárdio e de acidente vascular cerebral, mesmo quando coexistem em pessoas sem patologias prévias. O objetivo foi identificar os factores de risco cardiovascular em pacientes geriátricos do centro de saúde INNFA em Macas, Equador. Metodologia: Investigação com abordagem quantitativa, desenho não experimental, âmbito descritivo, transversal, com uma amostra de 40 pacientes geriátricos atendidos no referido centro de saúde, a técnica de recolha de dados foi um inquérito e o instrumento foi um questionário de risco cardiovascular. A amostra do estudo caracterizou-se pelo predomínio do sexo feminino e idade entre 60 e 69 anos, condições socioeconómicas que podem aumentar o risco cardiovascular como o nível de escolaridade básico e remuneração inferior a um salário base unificado. Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes apresentava dois ou mais fatores de risco e, dentre estes, predominaram a hipertensão arterial, a hipercolesterolemia, o excesso de peso, o consumo excessivo de bebidas alcoólicas e o diabetes mellitus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk Factors
6.
Espaç. saúde (Online) ; 25: 1-10, 02 abr. 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556138

ABSTRACT

Estudo exploratório descritivo, quantitativo, realizado em um hospital pediátrico filantrópico, com objetivo de compreender as competências profissionais da enfermagem no atendimento da parada cardiorrespiratória em pediatria, além de investigar suas percepções. Participaram 30 profissionais da equipe de enfermagem e a coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de um questionário fechado. Os resultados, analisados por meio de estatística descritiva, mostraram que os profissionais de enfermagem, em sua maioria, apresentaram conhecimento sobre o atendimento da emergência investigada. Em relação às suas percepções sobre as habilidades técnicas necessárias, notou-se que a maioria dos participantes se perceberam seguros para as manobras de ressuscitação e para a administração de medicações durante o atendimento; contudo, ao abordar o manuseio do desfibrilador e a realização de punção venosa, a maior parte da amostra afirmou não se sentir totalmente segura para estas atividades. Concluiu-se que a maioria dos participantes apresentam conhecimento teórico-prático para a execução do atendimento.


Descriptive, quantitative exploratory study, carried out in a philanthropic pediatric hospital, with the objective of understanding the nursing professional competencies in the care of cardiorespiratory arrests in pediatrics, besides investigating. 30 professionals from the nursing team participated and data was collected using a closed questionnaire. The results, analyzed using descriptive statistics, showed that the majority of nursing professionals had knowledge about the care of the investigated emergency. In relation to their perceptions about the necessary technical skills, the majority of participants perceived themselves to be confident in resuscitation maneuvers and the administration of medications during care. However, when approaching the handling of the defibrillator and performing a venipuncture, most of the sample stated that they did not feel complete confidence for these activities. Study concluded that the majority of participants had theoretical-practical knowledge to perform the service.


Estudio exploratorio descriptivo, cuantitativo, realizado en un hospital pediátrico filantrópico, con el objetivo de comprender las competencias profesionales de enfermería en el cuidado de la parada cardiorrespiratoria en pediatría, además de investigar sus percepciones. Participaron 30 profesionales del equipo de enfermería y la recolección de datos se realizó mediante cuestionario cerrado. Los resultados, analizados mediante estadística descriptiva, mostraron que la mayoría de los profesionales de enfermeira tenían conocimiento sobre la atención de la emergencia investigada. En relación a sus percepciones sobre las habilidades técnicas necesarias, se observa que la mayoría de los participantes se observó que la mayoría de los participantes se percibió confiada en las maniobras de reanimación y la administración de medicamentos durante la atención. Sin embargo, al abordar el manejo del desfibrilador y realizar una punción venosa, la mayoría de la muestra manifestó no sentirse completamente segura para estas actividades. Estudio concluyó que la mayoría de los participantes presentó conocimientos teórico-prácticos para realizar el servicio.


Subject(s)
Clinical Competence
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(4): e20230578, abr.2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557039

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Atualmente, o excesso de ventilação tem sido fundamentado na relação entre ventilação-minuto/produção de dióxido de carbono ( V ˙ E − V ˙ CO 2). Alternativamente, uma nova abordagem para eficiência ventilatória ( η E V ˙) tem sido publicada. Objetivo: Nossa hipótese principal é que níveis comparativamente baixos de η E V ˙ entre insuficiência cardíaca crônica (ICC) e doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) são atingíveis para um nível semelhante de desempenho aeróbico máximo e submáximo, inversamente aos métodos estabelecidos há muito tempo (inclinação V ˙ E − V ˙ CO 2 e intercepto). Métodos: Ambos os grupos realizaram testes de função pulmonar, ecocardiografia e teste de exercício cardiopulmonar. O nível de significância adotada na análise estatística foi 5%. Assim, dezenove indivíduos elegíveis para DPOC e dezenove indivíduos elegíveis para ICC completaram o estudo. Com o objetivo de contrastar valores completos de V ˙ E − V ˙ CO 2 e η E V ˙ para o período de exercício (100%), correlações foram feitas com frações menores, como 90% e 75% dos valores máximos. Resultados: Os dois grupos tiveram características correspondentes para a idade (62±6 vs 59±9 anos, p>.05), sexo (10/9 vs 14/5, p>0,05), IMC (26±4 vs 27±3 Kg m2, p>0,05), e pico V ˙ O 2 (72±19 vs 74±20 % pred, p>0,05), respectivamente. A inclinação V ˙ E − V ˙ CO 2 e intercepto foram significativamente diferentes para DPOC e ICC (207,2±1,4 vs 33,1±5,7 e 5,3±1,9 vs 1,7±3,6, p<0,05 para ambas), mas os valores médios da η E V ˙ foram semelhantes entre os grupos (10,2±3,4 vs 10,9±2,3%, p=0,462). As correlações entre 100% do período do exercício com 90% e 75% dele foram mais fortes para η E V ˙ (r>0,850 para ambos). Conclusão: A η E V ˙ é um método valioso para comparação entre doenças cardiopulmonares, com mecanismos fisiopatológicos até agora distintos, incluindo restrições ventilatórias na DPOC.


Abstract Background: Currently, excess ventilation has been grounded under the relationship between minute-ventilation/carbon dioxide output ( V ˙ E − V ˙ CO 2). Alternatively, a new approach for ventilatory efficiency ( η E V ˙) has been published. Objective: Our main hypothesis is that comparatively low levels of η E V ˙ between chronic heart failure (CHF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are attainable for a similar level of maximum and submaximal aerobic performance, conversely to long-established methods ( V ˙ E − V ˙ CO 2 slope and intercept). Methods: Both groups performed lung function tests, echocardiography, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. The significance level adopted in the statistical analysis was 5%. Thus, nineteen COPD and nineteen CHF-eligible subjects completed the study. With the aim of contrasting full values of V ˙ E − V ˙ CO 2 and η V ˙ E for the exercise period (100%), correlations were made with smaller fractions, such as 90% and 75% of the maximum values. Results: The two groups attained matched characteristics for age (62±6 vs. 59±9 yrs, p>.05), sex (10/9 vs. 14/5, p>0.05), BMI (26±4 vs. 27±3 Kg m2, p>0.05), and peak V ˙ O 2 (72±19 vs. 74±20 %pred, p>0.05), respectively. The V ˙ E − V ˙ CO 2 slope and intercept were significantly different for COPD and CHF (27.2±1.4 vs. 33.1±5.7 and 5.3±1.9 vs. 1.7±3.6, p<0.05 for both), but η V ˙ E average values were similar between-groups (10.2±3.4 vs. 10.9±2.3%, p=0.462). The correlations between 100% of the exercise period with 90% and 75% of it were stronger for η V ˙ E (r>0.850 for both). Conclusion: The η V ˙ E is a valuable method for comparison between cardiopulmonary diseases, with so far distinct physiopathological mechanisms, including ventilatory constraints in COPD.

11.
Medisan ; 28(2)abr. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558513

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares representan una causa importante de morbilidad y mortalidad durante la gestación, entre las que se destaca la miocardiopatía, que cursa como un síndrome de insuficiencia cardíaca. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con miocardiopatía periparto según variables clínicas y epidemiológicas de interés para la investigación. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de las 18 pacientes con diagnóstico de miocardiopatía periparto, asistidas en el Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba en el período comprendido desde octubre de 2015 hasta diciembre de 2022. Resultados: En la serie predominaron las pacientes mayores de 35 años de edad (edad promedio de 32,6 años), además de la descendencia africana (50,0 %), la hipertensión arterial crónica (44,4 %) y la multiparidad (8,9 %) como factores de riesgo y la insuficiencia del ventrículo izquierdo como manifestación clínica. La fracción de eyección de dicho ventrículo estuvo regularmente disminuida y la respuesta al tratamiento farmacológico fue satisfactoria en el total de la muestra. Conclusiones: La miocardiopatía en el periparto es de baja incidencia en este centro; sin embargo, por la gravedad que representa, se impone el diagnóstico temprano y la intervención del personal especializado para evitar complicaciones.


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality during pregnancy, cardiomyopathy is notable as a syndrome of heart failure. Objective: To characterize patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy according to clinical and epidemiological variables of interest for the investigation. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 18 patients with diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy was carried out. They were assisted at Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba from October, 2015 to December, 2022. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of patients over 35 years (32.6 average age), besides African descendant (50.0 %), chronic hypertension (44.4 %) and multiparity (8.9 %) as risk factors and the left ventricle failure as clinical manifestation. The ejection fraction of this ventricle was regularly diminished and the pharmacological treatment response was satisfactory in all the sample. Conclusions: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is of low incidence in this center; however, due to its seriousness, the early diagnosis and the specialized staff intervention are necessary to avoid complications.

12.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 43(1): 9-21, abr. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559638

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) tiene alta morbilidad y mortalidad. Su diagnóstico temprano en atención primaria de salud (APS) es un reto dada la baja especificidad de sus criterios clínicos y las limitaciones en acceso a técnicas diagnósticas. Objetivo: Analizar la prevalencia de IC, subtipos y pronóstico de pacientes con disnea y/o edema de extremidades inferiores que consultan en APS. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio prospectivo de 340 pacientes en APS, sin diagnóstico previo de IC. Se realizó una evaluación clínica, electrocardiograma, NT-proBNP "point-of-care", ecocardiografía con interpretación telemática por cardiólogos. Utilizando los algoritmos HFA-PEFF y H2FPEF se clasificaron los pacientes como :1) IC con fracción de eyección (FE) reducida (ICFER); 2) IC con FE preservada (ICFEP) y 3) pacientes sin diagnóstico de IC. Se efectuó un análisis de sobrevida de los diferentes grupos. Resultados: La prevalencia de ICFER fue 8%, ICFEP por HFA-PEFF 42% y por H2FPEF 8%. Los algoritmos sugieren efectuar un estudio complementario en el 47% con HFA-PEFF y 76% con H2FPEF (p<0.05). La sobrevida global a 36 meses fue 90±2% y cardiovascular 95±1%. Usando HFA-PEFF, los pacientes con IC tuvieron menor sobrevida que aquellos sin IC (HR 2.3, IC95% 1.14.9; p=0.029). No hubo diferencias de mortalidad con H2FPEF. Conclusiones: En pacientes de APS que consultan por disnea y/o edema de extremidades inferiores sometidos a evaluación con NT-proBNP y ecocardiografía, se observó una prevalencia de IC de hasta 50%, 8% de ICFER y 42% de ICFEP. La caracterización de IC utilizando HFA-PEFF está asociada al pronóstico vital.


Background: Heart failure (HF) is a condition associated with high morbidity and mortality. Its early diagnosis in primary health care (PHC) represents a substantial challenge, considering its non-specific clinical manifestations and the limitations on timely access to diagnostic techniques. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of HF, characterize subtypes and determine the prognosis of patients consulting in PHC for dyspnea Edema of the lower extremities. Methods: Prospective study in 340 patients who consulted in PHC, without previous diagnosis of HF. Clinical evaluation, electrocardiogram, NT-proBNP point-ofcare and echocardiography with telematic interpretation by cardiologists were performed. Using the HFA-PEFF and H2FPEF algorithms patients were classified as: 1) HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF); 2) HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) and 3) No HF. Actuarial survival analyses were performed. Results: We observed a prevalence of HFREF of 8%, high probability of HFPEF by HFA-PEFF in 42% and by H2FPEF in 8%. Intermediate probability of HFPEF, requiring complementary study, was observed in 47% of patients with HFA-PEFF and 76% of patients with H2FPEF (p<0.05). Overall survival at 36 months was 90±2% and cardiovascular survival at 36 months was 95±1%. Using HFA-PEFF, patients with HF presented lower overall survival compared to patients with no HF (HR 2.3, 95%CI 1.1-4.9; p=0.029). We did not observe mortality differences with H2FPEF. Conclusions: In patients consulting for dyspnea and/or lower extremity edema at PHC and undergoing evaluation with NT-proBNP and echocardiography, we observed a HF prevalence of 50%. HF classification through HFA-PEFF was associated with lower survival rates.

13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556615

ABSTRACT

Toda especialidad médica, y en especial las quirúrgicas, necesitan, de alguna manera, vislumbrar el futuro que puedan ofrecer a los miembros más jóvenes de la especialidad y eventuales interesados en esta, de manera de asegurarles las mejores posibilidades de desarrollo profesional y personal, para, a su vez, poder reclutar a los mejores. Empero, para imaginar y forjar el futuro, es necesario vivir y enfrentar el presente. Pero, todo presente se asienta en un pasado, que es necesario conocer y meditar. Y de esto trata este artículo especial: pasado, presente y futuro de la cirugía de corazón, desde la particular visión de su autor.


Every medical specialty, mainly surgical specialties, needs to envision the future they can offer to the specialty's younger members and those eventually interested in it to assure them of the best possibilities for professional and personal development and, in turn, to be able to recruit the best one. However, it is necessary to live and face the present to imagine and forge the future. But every present is based on a past, which must be known and meditated upon. This article is about the past, present, and future of heart surgery, according to the particular vision of its author.

14.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 94(1): 15-24, ene.-mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556888

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been established as an effective therapy for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Randomized clinical trials have shown its impact on mortality and HF hospitalizations, as well as improvement of symptoms and quality of life. Objectives: Finding clinical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic variables that may predict the response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Methods: We performed a single-center, observational, analytic, and retrospective study that included 102 patients with heart failure (HF) diagnosis who underwent CRT according to guideline-directed therapy from January 2010 to April 2020 in a third-level center. CRT response was defined as an improvement of New York Heart Association functional class in at least 1 category associated with a recovery of ≥ 5% in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Results: Our study population was 102 patients of which 61 (59.8%) were men. The mean age at HF diagnosis was 54 ± 18.7 years. Ischemic heart disease was the etiology in 37 (36.3%) cases. Fifty-one (50%) patients were classified as responders. Responders had wider QRS, and lower LVEF and right ventricular fractional area change at baseline. After CRT, responders had a greater reduction of QRS duration, and improvement in LVEF, global longitudinal strain, and echocardiographic dyssynchrony parameters. Multivariate regression analysis showed that left bundle branch block (LBBB), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), and baseline difference of pre-ejection periods were predictors of a positive response to CRT in this population. Conclusions: LBBB, TAPSE, LVEDV, and pre-ejection time difference are independent variables that can predict adequate response to CRT.


Resumen Antecedentes: La terapia de resincronización cardíaca (TRC) se ha establecido como una terapia efectiva para la insuficiencia cardíaca con fracción de eyección reducida. Ensayos clínicos aleatorizados han demostrado su impacto en la mortalidad y hospitalizaciones por insuficiencia cardíaca, así como la mejora de los síntomas y la calidad de vida. Objetivos: Determinar las variables clínicas, electrocardiográficas y ecocardiográficas que puedan predecir la respuesta a la terapia de resincronización cardíaca (TRC). Método: Estudio unicéntrico, observacional, analítico, retrospectivo, que incluyó 102 pacientes con diagnóstico de IC sometidos a TRC y terapia dirigida por guías, de enero de 2010 a abril de 2020, en un centro de tercer nivel. La respuesta a TRC fue definida como mejoría de la clase funcional de la New York Heart Association en al menos 1 categoría, asociado con una recuperación ≥ 5% en la fracción de expulsión del ventrículo izquierdo (FEVI). Resultados: Incluimos a 102 pacientes, 61 (59.8%) fueron hombres. El promedio de edad al diagnóstico de IC fue 54 ± 18.7 años. La cardiopatía isquémica fue la etiología en 37 (36.3%) pacientes. 51 (50%) pacientes, fueron clasificados como respondedores. Los respondedores presentaron QRS amplio, menor FEVI y menor fracción de acortamiento del ventrículo derecho al inicio del estudio. Después de la TRC, los respondedores tuvieron una mayor reducción en la duración del QRS, mejoría en la FEVI, strain longitudinal global y parámetros de disincronía ecocardiográfica. El análisis de regresión multivariado mostró que el bloqueo de rama izquierdo (BRI), el volumen telediastólico del ventrículo izquierdo (VTDVI) la excursión sistólica del plano anular tricuspídeo (TAPSE) y la diferencia basal del período expulsivo fueron predictores de respuesta positiva a TRC. Conclusiones: BRI, TAPSE, VTDVI y la diferencia basal de períodos preexpulsivos son variables independientes que predicen respuesta adecuada a TRC.

15.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 94(1): 39-47, ene.-mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556891

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: Los niños con cardiopatías congénitas experimentan paro cardiorrespiratorio (PCR) con mayor frecuencia que la población pediátrica general. Se desconoce la epidemiología exacta del PCR en nuestro medio, al igual que el riesgo de mortalidad y los factores que influyen en la evolución neurológica. Objetivo: Describir la epidemiología y los resultados asociados con la reanimación cardiopulmonar pediátrica en una unidad de recuperación cardiovascular. El criterio de valoración primario fue la supervivencia al momento del alta hospitalaria; los secundarios fueron el retorno de la circulación espontánea, la supervivencia a las 24 horas y la condición neurológica en el largo plazo. Método: Estudio de cohorte longitudinal, descriptivo, prospectivo, en menores de 18 años que requirieron reanimación cardiopulmonar entre 2016 y 2019. Se analizaron las variables demográficas y las características del paro cardiorrespiratorio y de la reanimación, así como su resultado. Se realizaron análisis de una y múltiples variables para comparar a los pacientes sobrevivientes con los fallecidos. Resultados: De los 1,842 pacientes internados, el 4.1% experimentó PCR. Se analizaron 50 pacientes con expedientes completos. Se logró el retorno de la circulación espontánea en el 78% (39), con una supervivencia alta del 46%. La reanimación > 6 min y el uso de fármacos vasoactivos fueron factores predictivos de mortalidad; se realizó el seguimiento de 16/23 pacientes, 10 de ellos con desarrollo normal para la edad luego de seis meses, seis tenían trastorno generalizado del desarrollo. Conclusiones: El 4.1% de los pacientes presentó un PCR, con una tasa de 3.4 PCR por 1,000 días-paciente. La supervivencia al egreso hospitalario (n = 50) fue del 46%. La reanimación > 6 min y la utilización de fármacos vasoactivos fueron factores predictivos independientes de mortalidad. Luego de seis meses, el 63% tenía desarrollo neurológico normal para la edad.


Abstract Background: Children with congenital heart disease present a higher frequency of cardiorespiratory arrest (CRA) than the general pediatric population. The epidemiology of CRA is not exactly known in our setting, nor are the mortality risk or the neurological evolution factors. Objective: To describe the epidemiology and outcomes associated with pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a cardiovascular recovery unit. The primary endpoint was the survival to discharge and the secondary endpoints were the return to spontaneous circulation, the survival at 24 hours and the remote neurological condition. Methods: Descriptive, prospective, longitudinal cohort study in children under 18 years of age who required cardiopulmonary resuscitation between 2016 and 2019. Demographic variables, characteristics of cardiopulmonary arrest, resuscitation and outcome were analyzed. An uni- and multivariate analysis was performed comparing survivors and deceased. Results: Out of 1,842 hospitalized patients, 4.1% presented CRA. Fifty patients with complete records were analyzed. Seventy-eight percent (39) returned to spontaneous circulation with a high survival rate of 46%. Resuscitation > 6 min and the use of vasoactive drugs were predictors of mortality; 16/23 patients were followed up, 10 of them with normal development for age at 6 months, six had pervasive developmental disorder. Conclusions: 4.1% of patients presented CRA, with a rate of 3.4 CRA per 1,000 patient-days. Survival at hospital discharge (n = 50) was 46%. Resuscitation > 6 min and the use of vasoactive drugs were independent predictors of mortality. At six months, 63% had normal neurological development for age.

16.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 94(1): 71-78, ene.-mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556895

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: La estenosis aórtica (EA) es actualmente la enfermedad valvular más frecuente, con una prevalencia estimada de más del 4 % en octogenarios. Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia de estenosis aórtica (EA) moderada-grave en pacientes con amiloidosis por transtiretina wild type (ATTRwt). Además, describir las características clínicas, ecocardiográficas y la evolución en este grupo de pacientes. Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con diagnóstico de ATTRwt, pertenecientes al Registro Institucional de Amiloidosis del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, en el periodo del 30/11/2007 al 31/05/2021. El seguimiento de los pacientes se realizó a través de la historia clínica electrónica de la institución. Se estimó la prevalencia de EA moderada-grave, que se presenta como porcentaje con su intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC 95%). Se compararon las características por grupos según tuvieran o no EA moderada-grave. Resultados: Se incluyeron 104 pacientes con diagnóstico de ATTRwt. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 476 días [rango intercuartílico: 192-749]. La prevalencia de EA moderada-grave al momento del diagnóstico de ATTRwt fue del 10.5% (n = 11; IC95%: 5-18%). La mediana de edad de los pacientes con EA fue de 86 años [78-91] y predominó el sexo masculino (81.8%). La mayoría de los pacientes tenían el antecedente de insuficiencia cardiaca (n = 8) y fibrilación auricular (n = 8). Predominaron los pacientes con EA grave de bajo flujo y bajo gradiente (n = 7). Cuatro pacientes fueron sometidos a alguna intervención en la válvula aórtica. Durante el seguimiento, 5 pacientes (46%) tuvieron internaciones por insuficiencia cardiaca descompensada y 4 (36%) fallecieron. Conclusiones: En nuestra cohorte, la coexistencia de ambas patologías tuvo una prevalencia similar a la reportada en la literatura internacional. Se trató de una población añosa con alto porcentaje de fibrilación auricular y antecedente de insuficiencia cardiaca. La mayoría presentaron EA grave de bajo flujo y bajo gradiente.


Abstract Background: Aortic stenosis (AS) is currently the most common valvular disease, with an estimated prevalence of over 4% in octogenarians. Objective: To describe the prevalence of moderate-severe aortic stenosis (AS) in patients with wild type transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt). Also, describe the clinical features, echocardiographic characteristics and clinical evolution. Method: Retrospective cohort of patients with diagnosis of ATTRwt, belonging to Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires Institutional Amyloidosis Registry, from 30/11/2007 to 31/05/2021. Patients follow up was carried out through the institution clinical history. The prevalence of moderate-severe AE was estimated and presented as a percentage with its 95% confidence interval (95% CI). The characteristics were compared by groups according to whether or not they had moderate-severe AS. Results: 104 patients with ATTRwt were included. Median follow up was 476 days [interquartile range: 192-749]. Moderate-severe AS prevalence at the ATTRwt time of diagnosis was 10.5% (n = 11; 95% CI: 5-18%). The median age of patients with AS moderate-severe at the time of diagnosis of ATTRwt was 86 years [78-91] and the male sex predominated (82%). Most of the patients had a history of heart failure (n = 8) and atrial fibrillation (n = 8) prior to the diagnosis of ATTRwt. Most of the patients were subclassified as low flow low gradient severe AS group (n = 7). Four patients underwent some intervention on the aortic valve. During follow-up, 5 patients (46%) were hospitalized for decompensated heart failure and 4 (36%) died. Conclusions: In our cohort, the coexistence of both pathologies had a similar prevalence as reported in the international literature. It was an elderly population with a high percentage of atrial fibrillation and history of heart failure. Most of the patients presented with severe AS with low flow low gradient.

17.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 94(1): 79-85, ene.-mar. 2024. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556896

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: En México aún es muy poco conocida la epidemiología de la insuficiencia cardiaca, sin embargo se sabe que la principal causa de ingresos hospitalarios en los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca es la congestión pulmonar y sistémica. Objetivo: Estimar el estado de congestión y evaluar la función cardiaca mediante el ultrasonido portátil en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca tratados en un centro de tercer nivel en México. Método: Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional transversal. Se seleccionaron pacientes que acudieron a la Clínica de Insuficiencia Cardiaca del Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez en la Ciudad de México entre mayo y agosto de 2022. Se les sometió a una evaluación ultrasonográfica mediante un dispositivo portátil para valorar la congestión pulmonar y sistémica, así como la función y estructura cardiaca. Resultados: Se incluyeron de forma prospectiva 100 pacientes diagnosticados con insuficiencia cardiaca en el periodo de estudio. El 76% fueron hombres, con una edad mediana de 59 años (RIQ: 50-68 años). La mediana del FEVI registrada fue del 34% (RIQ: 27.0-43.5%). Al evaluar la congestión pulmonar, el 78% de los pacientes presentaron un patrón A y el 22% un patrón B. Siguiendo el protocolo VExUS, el 92% de los pacientes mostraron un grado 0, el 2% un grado 1 y el 6% un grado 2. Conclusiones: El uso del ultrasonido portátil facilitó la caracterización cuantitativa de las características ecocardiográficas de la población estudiada. Este dispositivo podría ofrecer una mejor caracterización clínica que, a su vez, permita una optimización en la prescripción de medicamentos para la insuficiencia cardiaca y el ajuste de dosis de diuréticos según los hallazgos ecocardiográficos de congestión.


Abstract Background: In Mexico, the epidemiology of heart failure is still not well understood. However, it is known that the primary cause of hospital admissions in patients with heart failure is pulmonary and systemic congestion. Objective: To estimate congestion status and assess cardiac function using portable ultrasound in patients with heart failure. Method: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted. Patients who attended the Heart Failure Clinic at the Ignacio Chávez National Cardiology Institute in Mexico City between May and August 2022 were selected. They underwent ultrasonographic evaluation using a portable device to assess pulmonary and systemic congestion, as well as cardiac function and structure. Results: One-hundred patients diagnosed with heart failure were prospectively included during the study period; 76% were male, with an average age of 59 years (range: 50-68 years). The recorded LVEF median was 34% (IQR: 27-43.5%). When evaluating pulmonary congestion, 78% of the patients showed a pattern A and 22% a pattern B. Following the VExUS protocol, 92% of the patients were at grade 0, 2% at grade 1, and 6% at grade 2. Conclusions: The use of the portable ultrasound facilitated the quantitative characterization of the echocardiographic features of the studied population. This device could provide better clinical characterization which, in turn, might allow for optimized drug prescription for heart failure and dose adjustments of diuretics based on echocardiographic congestion findings.

18.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 94(1): 86-94, ene.-mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556897

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: Las consultas virtuales aumentaron exponencialmente, pero presentan como limitación la imposibilidad de valorar los signos vitales (SV), siendo especialmente útiles en los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) para titular medicación que modifica pronóstico. Este problema podría potencialmente solucionarse mediante una herramienta que pueda medir la presión arterial (PA) y frecuencia cardiaca (FC) de manera precisa, accesible y remota. Los teléfonos móviles equipados con tecnología de imágenes ópticas transdérmicas podrían cumplir con estos requisitos. Objetivo: Evaluar la precisión de una app basada en imagen óptica transdérmica para estimar SV en relación con la valoración clínica en pacientes con IC. Métodos: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo, se incluyeron pacientes evaluados en una unidad ambulatoria de IC de febrero a abril del 2022. Se valoró simultáneamente la PA y FC mediante la app y el examen clínico (PA con un esfigmomanómetro automatizado y FC por palpación braquial). Se realizaron tres mediciones por app y clínica en cada paciente, por dos médicos independientes, encontrándose ciegos a los resultados. Resultados: Se incluyeron 30 pacientes, con 540 mediciones de TA y de FC. Edad media de 66 (± 13) años, el 53.3% de sexo masculino. La fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo media fue de 37 ± 15, con hospitalizaciones previas por IC el 63.3%, en CF II-III el 63.4%. La diferencia media entre la medición de la app y su medición de referencia clínica fue de 3.6 ± 0.5 mmHg para PA sistólica (PAS), 0.9 ± -0.2 mmHg para PA diastólica (PAD) y 0.2 ± 0.4 lpm para FC. Cuando se promedian las diferencias medias emparejadas para cada paciente, la media entre los 30 pacientes es de 2 ± 6 mmHg para PAS, -0.14 ± 4.6 mmHg para PAD y 0.23 ± 4 lpm para FC. Conclusión: La estimación de PA y FC por una app con tecnología de imagen óptica transdérmica fue comparable a la medición no invasiva en pacientes con IC, y cumple los criterios de precisión de la medición de PA en este estudio preliminar. La utilización de esta nueva tecnología de imagen óptica transdérmica brinda datos prometedores, que deberán ser corroborados en cohortes de mayor tamaño.


Abstract Background: Virtual consultations have increased exponentially, but a limitation is the inability to assess vital signs (VS). This is particularly useful in patients with heart failure (HF) for titrating prognosis-modifying medication. This issue could potentially be addressed by a tool capable of measuring blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) accurately, remotely, and conveniently. Mobile phones equipped with transdermal optical imaging technology could meet these requirements. Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of a transdermal optical imaging-based app for estimating VS compared to clinical assessment in patients with HF. Methods: A prospective cohort study included patients evaluated in an HF outpatient unit between February and April 2022. BP and HR were simultaneously assessed using the app and clinical examination (BP with an automated sphygmomanometer and HR by brachial palpation). Three measurements were taken by both the app and clinic for each patient, by two independent blinded physicians. Results: Thirty patients were included, with 540 measurements of BP and HR. The mean age was 66 (± 13) years, 53.3% were male. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 37 ± 15, with 63.3% having previous hospitalizations for HF, and 63.4% in NYHA class II-III. The mean difference between the app measurement and its clinical reference measurement was 3.6 ± 0.5 mmHg for systolic BP (SBP), 0.9 ± -0.2 mmHg for diastolic BP (DBP), and 0.2 ± 0.4 bpm for HR. When averaging the paired mean differences for each patient, the mean across the 30 patients was 2 ± 6 mmHg for SBP, -0.14 ± 4.6 mmHg for DBP, and 0.23 ± 4 bpm for HR. Conclusion: The estimation of BP and HR by an app with transdermal optical imaging technology was comparable to non-invasive measurement in patients with HF and met the precision criteria for BP measurement in this preliminary study. The use of this new transdermal optical imaging technology provides promising data, which should be corroborated in larger cohorts.

19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(3): e20230131, Mar.2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557021

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: As complicações cardiovasculares são a principal causa de morte em pacientes pediátricos com doença renal crônica (DRC). A avaliação ecocardiográfica da função diastólica na DRC tem se limitado à avaliação espectral por Doppler espectral e por Doppler tecidual, técnicas sabidamente menos confiáveis na pediatria. O strain do átrio esquerdo (AE) pela técnica do speckle tracking bidimensional (2DST) foi recentemente confirmada como uma medida robusta da função diastólica. Objetivos: Investigar o papel do strain do AE na avaliação da função diastólica de crianças em diferentes estágios da DRC. Métodos: De fevereiro de 2019 a julho de 2022, 55 pacientes com DRC sem sintomas cardiovasculares e 55 controles foram avaliados por ecocardiografia convencional e por ecocardiografia com 2DST. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: Pacientes e controles tinham idade similares [9,78 (0,89 - 17,54) vs. 10,72 (1,03 -18,44) anos; p = 0,41] e sexo (36M:19F vs. 34M:21F; p = 0,84) similares. Havia 25 pacientes não dialíticos e 30 pacientes dialíticos. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo foi ≥ 55% em todos. Em comparação aos controles, os pacientes com DRC apresentaram strain de reservatório mais baixo (48,22±10,62% vs. 58,52±10,70%) e índice de rigidez do AE mais alto [0,14 (0,08-0,48)%-1 vs. 0,11 (0,06-0,23) %-1]; p<0,0001. A hipertrofia ventricular esquerda associou-se com um strain de reservatório mais baixo (42,05±8,74% vs. 52,99±9,52%), e valores mais altos de índice de rigidez [0,23 (0,11 - 0,48)%-1 vs. 0,13 (0,08-0,23) %-1 e de índice de enchimento do AE (2,39±0,63 cm/s x %-1 vs. 1,74±0,47 cm/s x %-1; p<0,0001). Hipertensão não controlada associou-se com strain de reservatório do AE mais baixo (41,9±10,6% vs. 50,6±9,7; p=0,005). Conclusão: O strain do AE mostrou-se uma ferramenta útil na avaliação de pacientes pediátricos com DRC e associado com fatores de risco cardiovasculares conhecidos.


Abstract Background: Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of mortality in pediatric patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Echocardiographic assessment of diastolic function in CKD has been limited to spectral and tissue Doppler imaging, known to be less reliable techniques in pediatrics. Two-dimensional Speckle tracking echocardiography (2DST) derived left atrial (LA) strain has recently been confirmed as a robust measure of diastolic function. Objectives: To investigate LA strain role in diastolic assessment of children at different stages of CKD. Methods: From February 2019 to July 2022, 55 CKD patients without cardiovascular symptoms and 55 controls were evaluated by standard and 2DST echocardiograms. The level of significance was set at 5% (p<0.05). Results: Patients and controls had similar age [9.78 (0.89 - 17.54) vs. 10.72 (1.03 -18,44) years; p = 0.41] and gender (36M:19F vs. 34M:21F; p=0.84). There were 25 non-dialysis patients and 30 dialysis patients. Left ventricular ejection fraction was ≥ 55% in all of them. Comparing CKD and controls, LA reservoir strain was lower (48.22±10.62% vs. 58.52±10.70%) and LA stiffness index was higher [0.14 (0.08-0.48)%-1 vs. 0.11 (0.06-0.23) %-1]; p<0.0001. LV hypertrophy was associated with lower LA reservoir strain (42.05±8.74% vs. 52.99±9.52%), higher LA stiffness [0.23(0.11 - 0.48)%-1 vs. 0.13 (0.08-0.23) %-1 and filling indexes (2.39±0.63 cm/s x %-1 vs. 1.74±0.47 cm/s x %-1; p<0.0001. Uncontrolled hypertension was associated with lower LA reservoir strain (41.9±10.6% vs. 50.6±9.7; p=0.005). Conclusions: LA strain proved to be a feasible tool in the assessment of pediatric CKD patients and was associated with known cardiovascular risk factors.

20.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 41(1): 13-19, ene.-mar. 2024. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558407

ABSTRACT

Resumen En Costa Rica, el Reglamento de la Autopsia Hospitalaria y Médico Legal establece que la autopsia médico legal es obligatoria para toda muerte súbita. La patología cardíaca es responsable aproximadamente del 80 % de las muertes súbitas que requieren una autopsia forense; el prolapso de la válvula mitral (degeneración mixomatosa de la válvula mitral) es una de las formas más comunes de valvulopatía cardíaca, es relativamente común (2%-3% de la población general), y a menudo se considera benigno, la tasa anual de muerte cardíaca súbita (MSC) en individuos con MVP (0,2%-0,4% /año) es aproximadamente el doble que el observado en la población general (0,1%-0,2% año).


Abstract In Costa Rica, the Hospital and Legal Autopsy Regulations establish that a legal medical autopsy is mandatory for all sudden deaths. Cardiac pathology is responsible for approximately 80% of sudden deaths requiring a forensic autopsy; Mitral valve prolapse (myxomatous mitral valve degeneration) is one of the most common forms of heart valve disease, is relatively common (2%-3% of the general population), and is often considered benign, the annual rate of Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in individuals with MVP (0.2%-0.4%/year) is approximately twice that observed in the general population (0.1%-0.2%/year).

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL