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1.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 15(2): e10364, abr./jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371424

ABSTRACT

Avaliar como as mulheres em área metropolitana do Nordeste brasileiro sentem e compreendem a menopausa. Estudo misto, com 417 mulheres de 40 a 60 anos no qual se utilizou um roteiro de questões socioeconômicas, ginecológicas/obstétricas, morbidades, medicações e sexualidade, além do Female Sexual Function Index e Menopause Rating Scale. A menopausa, constatada em 56,6% das mulheres com média de idade de 50,4±5,7 anos, teve sintomatologia associada severa (falta de ar, suor, calor e ansiedade); 52,5% apresentaram dúvidas ou falta de conhecimento sobre a menopausa, e 44,6%, redução na função sexual, que se correlacionou negativamente com a idade (r= -0,208; p<0,001). A disfunção sexual é quase duas vezes maior nas mulheres em menopausa do que naquelas em pré menopausa (OR=1,81; p=0,036). A sexualidade das mulheres com dificuldades ou disfunções sexuais por causa da menopausa pode estar permeada por inibições emocionais e psicológicas.


To evaluate what women feel and how they understand the menopause period in a metropolitan area of the Brazilian Northeast. A mixed study with 417 women aged 40 to 60 years that used a script of socioeconomic, gynecological/obstetrical, morbidity, medication, and sexuality questions, as well as the Female Sexual Function Index and Menopause Rating Scales. Menopause, observed in 56.6% of women with a mean age of 50.4±5.7 years, had severe associated symptoms (shortness of breath, sweat, heat and anxiety); 52.5% had doubts or lack of knowledge about menopause, and 44.6%, reduction in sexual function, which correlated negatively with age (r= -0.208; p<0.001). Sexual dysfunction is almost twice as high in menopausal women as in premenopausal women (OR=1.81; p=0.036). The sexuality of women with sexual issues or dysfunctions due to menopause may be permeated by emotional and psychological inhibitions.

2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1628-1632, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143667

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Hot flashes have a negative impact on the quality of life of women during the menopausal transition and thereafter. The progressive reduction in gonadal estrogen levels associated with aging promotes an accumulation of abdominal fat, dyslipidemia, and arterial hypertension, all of which are components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The objective of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of hot flashes and evaluate their relationship with MetS in women ≥ 40 years of age. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving women aged between 40 and 65 years. We used the Kupperman index to quantify the climacteric symptoms and the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria for the diagnosis of MetS. RESULTS: 1,435 women were initially selected, and we obtained information from 647. The mean age at menopause was 45.99 years (SD 6.61 years) and the prevalence of hot flashes and MetS were 55.83% (95% CI: 52.35-59.25%) and 46.29% (95% CI: 44.75-52.53%), respectively. We identified a positive association between MetS and hot flashes (OR 1.16; 95% CI: 1.01-1.33). CONCLUSIONS: In women ≥ 40 years of age, hot flashes are highly prevalent and appear to be associated with MetS.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: As ondas de calor têm um impacto negativo na qualidade de vida das mulheres no climatério. A redução progressiva dos níveis de estrogênio gonadal associada ao envelhecimento promovem o acúmulo de gordura abdominal, dislipidemia e hipertensão arterial, componentes da síndrome metabólica (SM). O objetivo do presente estudo foi estimar a prevalência de ondas de calor e avaliar sua relação com SM em mulheres com idade ≥40 anos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal envolvendo mulheres entre 40 e 65 anos de idade. Utilizamos o índice de Kupperman para quantificar os sintomas climatéricos e os critérios do National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III para o diagnóstico de SM. RESULTADOS: Mil, quatrocentas e trinta e cinco mulheres foram selecionadas inicialmente e obtivemos informações de 647. A idade média da menopausa foi de 45,99 anos (DP 6,61 anos) e a prevalência de ondas de calor e SM foi de 55,83% (95% CI: 52,35-59,25%) e 46,29% (95% CI: 44,75-52,53%), respectivamente. Identificamos uma associação positiva entre SM e ondas de calor (OR 1,16; IC95%: 1,01-1,33). CONCLUSÕES: Em mulheres com idade ≥40 anos, as ondas de calor são altamente prevalentes e parecem estar associadas a SM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Hot Flashes/epidemiology , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Menopause , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
3.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 10(1): 3673, out. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1147206

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar evidências, na literatura, acerca da ação da acupuntura no sintoma de fogachos em mulheres, após câncer de mama e estabelecer um protocolo para o tratamento dessa condição. Método: Revisão integrativa, conduzida em agosto de 2019. Utilizaram-se bases de dados nacionais e internacionais. Resultados: Foram encontradas 288 pesquisas e 11 foram incluídas no estudo. A acupuntura demonstrou resultados positivos sobre os sintomas de fogachos. Não há padronização no tratamento, porém um possível protocolo foi proposto: realização da acupuntura sistêmica ou eletroacupuntura nos acupontos Baço 6, Fígado 3, Rim 3, Circulação sexo 6, Vaso concepção 4, Bexiga 23 e Vaso Governador 20, agulhas sistêmicas que devem ser manipuladas até obter a sensação De qi, 10 sessões, uma ou duas vezes por semana, com retenção das agulhas nos acupontos em aproximadamente 25 minutos. Conclusão: a acupuntura parece ser uma intervenção efetiva para o tratamento e controle dos fogachos em mulheres, após câncer de mama e consiste em uma opção terapêutica a qual o enfermeiro pode executar de maneira autônoma e independente em todos os níveis de atenção. Torna-se necessária a realização de ensaios clínicos randomizados com a utilização do protocolo proposto a fim de validá-lo(AU)


Aim: to investigate evidence in the literature about the action of acupuncture on hot flashes in women after breast cancer and to establish a protocol for the treatment of this condition. Method: an integrative review of national and international databases conducted in August 2019. Results: 288 studies were found and 11 were included in this study. Acupuncture has shown positive results on the symptoms of hot flashes. Even though there is no standardization in treatment, the following protocol was proposed: a) performing systemic acupuncture or electroacupuncture in acupoints Spleen 6, Liver 3, Kidney 3, Circulation sex 6, Conception vessel 4, Bladder 23 and Governor vessel 20, b) systemic needles should be manipulated until the patient gets the De qi sensation, c) 10 sessions, once or twice a week, with needles retained in the acupoints for approximately 25 minutes. Conclusion: acupuncture appears to be an effective intervention for the treatment and control of hot flashes in women after breast cancer. In addition, it is a qualified therapeutic option which nurses can perform autonomously and independently at all levels of care. Further randomized clinical trials are necessary to validate the proposed protocol.(AU)


Objetivo: investigar la evidencia en la literatura sobre la acción de la acupuntura en los síntomas de sofocos en mujeres después del cáncer de mama y establecer un protocolo para el tratamiento de esta afección. Método: una revisión integradora realizada en agosto de 2019. Se utilizaron bases de datos nacionales e internacionales. Resultados: se encontraron 288 búsquedas y se incluyeron 11 en el estudio. La acupuntura ha mostrado resultados positivos en los síntomas de los sofocos. No hay estandarización, no hay tratamiento, un posible protocolo: realizar acupuntura sistémica o electroacupuntura en puntos de acupuntura Bazo 6, Hígado 3, Riñón 3, Circulación sexual 6, Vaso de concepción 4, Vejiga 23 y Vaso gobernador 20, agujas sistémicas que deberían ser manipuladas hasta obtener la sensación De qi, 10 sesiones, una o dos veces por semana, con agujas retenidas en los puntos de acupuntura durante aproximadamente 25 minutos. Conclusión: la acupuntura parece ser una intervención efectiva para el tratamiento y el control de los sofocos en mujeres después del cáncer de mama y es una opción terapéutica en la cual el enfermero puede actuar de forma autónoma e independiente en todos los niveles de atención. Fue necesario realizar ensayos clínicos aleatorios utilizando el protocolo propuesto con el fin de validarlo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Hot Flashes , Acupuncture
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752741

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effectiveness of acupuncture for hot flushes (HFs) in women with breast cancer (BC). Methods Ten databases (PubMed, Springer, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, CNKI, VIP, CBM, and Wan Fang Database) were searched from their inceptions to autumn 2017 without language restrictions. The searching terms in English and Chinese literatures were"breast tumors/breast neoplasms/breast tumor/breast neoplasm/breast cancer/breast cancers/breast carcinoma/mammary cancer/mammary neoplasm/mammary neoplasms/mammary carcinoma" "hot flushes/ hot flashes""acupuncture/ electro-acupuncture/ needle/ acupoint". Finally, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were aggregated to evaluate the therapeutic effect of acupuncture for HFs in women with BC. Results Eleven articles were systematically reviewed, and five trials (692 patients) were included in the Meta-analysis. Significant combined effects of acupuncture were observed in Hot Flash Related quality of life ( d=-3.14; 95% CI ,-4.93 to-1.34; P=0.000 6; I2=54% ), however, no effect was evident for hot flash frequency. The articles included had low risk of bias. No serious adverse effects were reported in the included studies. Conclusions Acupuncture are associated with significant effects on HFs in women with BC. Large randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were recommended to carry out in China to verify the conclusion.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review was conducted to compare the effect of lavender on the quality of sleep, sexual desire, and vasomotor, psychological and physical symptoms among menopausal and elderly women. METHODS: There were five electronic databases which selected to search respective articles which included were Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library without any language restriction since the study inception to March 10, 2018. The quality of studies was assessed in accordance with a jaded scale. RESULTS: According to three trials, the lavender as utilized in a capsule form or aromatherapy could significantly improve the measured Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score (P < 0.05) in the menopausal and elderly women. The aromatherapy with lavender improved sexual function (P < 0.001), depression (P < 0.001), anxiety (P < 0.001), and physical (P < 0.001) symptoms. Based on a trial, 66.7%, 70.0%, and 53.3% of subjects reported feelings of relaxation, happiness, and cleanness effects of having used lavender respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggested the effectiveness of the use of lavender either in capsule form or aromatherapy on the improved quality of sleep, depression, anxiety, sexual desire, and psychological and physical symptoms. These results, however, should be interpreted with caution considering the limitations of the study.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anxiety , Aromatherapy , Depression , Female , Happiness , Hot Flashes , Humans , Lavandula , Libido , Menopause , Relaxation
6.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 937-941, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818351

ABSTRACT

Objective The occurrence of perimenopausal hot flashes involves many theories, among which the study of neurotransmitter mechanism has attracted much attention. This study aims to investigate the changes of α1 and α2 adrenoreceptors in the preoptic area of the hypothalamus(POAH) in ovariectomized rats after 4 weeks treatment with estradiol valerate, and explore the potential neurotransmitter mechanism of perimenopausal hot flashes. Methods 30 female Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 230±10 g and aged 6-8WK, were divided into three groups: ovariectomy (OVX)group , sham group, and ovariectomy plus estradiol valerate (OVX+E2) group, each 10. Rats in sham-operated group opened pelvic cavity to find ovaries, but did not remove them. The other rats underwent bilateral ovariectomy under sterile conditions. Rats in OVX group and (OVX+E2) group received bilateral ovariectomy, rats in OVX group received isotonic saline gavage (10 mg/kg), and rats in (OVX+E2) group received estradiol valerate gavage (0.8 mg /kg). Anesthesia, cardiac perfusion and paraffin section were made after taking the brain. The expression of α1 and α2 adrenoreceptors in POAH of the rats was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results After 4 weeks’ treatment, the number of α1[(54.0±3.9)/100μm2] and α2[(89.0±2.4)/100μm2] adrenoreceptor positive cells in POAH of OVX group significantly decreased compared with that in sham group[(66.3±4.0)、(71.0±2.2)/100μm2](P<0.01),while the number of α1 and α2 [(63.7±4.5)、(73.1±3.5)/100μm2)] adrenoreceptor positive cells in POAH of(OVX+E2 )group significantly increased compared with that in OVX group(P<0.01). The difference was statistically significant. Conclusion The expression of two adrenergic receptors in the POAH of ovariectomized rats changed. The central noradrenergic system may be involved in the mechanism of perimenopausal hot flashes,which need further studying.

7.
Univ. med ; 60(1)2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-995067

ABSTRACT

El rubor facial transitorio se define como una sensación de calor, acompañada de enrojecimiento de la piel, causada por una respuesta vasomotora con el resultante incremento en el flujo sanguíneo regional, debido a la acción directa de diferentes mediadores liberados por los nervios. Los cuadros pueden ser episódicos o constantes y se relacionan con respuestas fisiológicas y con patologías de origen benigno y maligno. El objetivo de la revisión es realizar un abordaje racional de esta condición en el escenario de atención primaria, con el fin de llegar a un diagnóstico precoz y completo, abordando los principales diagnósticos diferenciales asociados con esta condición.


The definición of flushing involves a sensation of heat along with redness of the skin, caused by vasomotor influx resulting in an increased of the regional vascular blood flow due to the direct action of different mediators through the vasomotor nerves. These symptoms can be episodio or repetitive and they' can be related to benign or malignant conditions. The objective of this review is to develope a racional approach of the condition at primary care, with the purpose of an early and complete diagnosis, covering the main differential diagnosis related to this condition.


Subject(s)
Signs and Symptoms , Hot Flashes/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Flushing/diagnosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803360

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the effectiveness of acupuncture for hot flushes (HFs) in women with breast cancer (BC).@*Methods@#Ten databases (PubMed, Springer, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, CNKI, VIP, CBM, and Wan Fang Database) were searched from their inceptions to autumn 2017 without language restrictions. The searching terms in English and Chinese literatures were"breast tumors/breast neoplasms/breast tumor/breast neoplasm/breast cancer/breast cancers/breast carcinoma/mammary cancer/mammary neoplasm/mammary neoplasms/mammary carcinoma" "hot flushes / hot flashes""acupuncture/ electro-acupuncture / needle/ acupoint". Finally, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were aggregated to evaluate the therapeutic effect of acupuncture for HFs in women with BC.@*Results@#Eleven articles were systematically reviewed, and five trials (692 patients) were included in the Meta-analysis. Significant combined effects of acupuncture were observed in Hot Flash Related quality of life (d=-3.14; 95% CI, -4.93 to -1.34; P=0.000 6; I2 = 54%), however, no effect was evident for hot flash frequency. The articles included had low risk of bias. No serious adverse effects were reported in the included studies.@*Conclusions@#Acupuncture are associated with significant effects on HFs in women with BC. Large randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were recommended to carry out in China to verify the conclusion.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247783

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effect and differences sex the influence of hormone levels of perimenopau-sal syndrome patients between manual acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 50 cases with perimenopausal syndrome were randomly assigned into an manual acupuncture group (27 cases) and an EA group (23 cases), and 1 case dropped in the EA group. The acupoints in the two groups were Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Tianshu (ST 25), and Sanyinjiao (SP 6). Acupuncture with 3-time small and even manipulation of lifting, thrusting and twirling was used in the acupuncture group, once 10 min. EA with sparse-dense wave and 10 Hz/50 Hz was applied in the EA group for 30 min. The treatments in the two groups were for continuous 8 weeks (24 times in total), once the other day, 3 times a week. The scores of 24-hour hot flashes even, menopausal rating scale (MRS) and menopause-specific quality of life questionnaire (MENQOL) were recorded before treatment and after 4-week and 8-week treatment, as well as 12 and 24 weeks after treatment. Serum sex hormone levels were tested before and after 8-week treatment as well as 12 weeks after treatment, including serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estracliol (E).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those before treatment, the 24-hour hot flashes even score, MRS and MENQOL scores were significantly lower after 4-week and 8-week treatments, 12 and 24 weeks after treatment (all<0.05). All the above scores after 8-week treatment were lower than those after 4-week treatment (all<0.05); and the scores 12 and 24 weeks after treatment were lower than those after 4-week and 8-week treatments (all<0.05); all the scores after treatment were not significantly different at any time between the two groups (all>0.05). Compared with those before treatment, serum FSH and Eapparently improved in the two groups after 8-week treatment and 12 weeks after treatment (all<0.05). LH levels did not significantly change in the two groups (all>0.05). All the serum sex hormone levels showed no significant difference between the two groups (all>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both acupuncture and EA can improve perimenopausal symptoms and serum sex hormone. The effects are similar.</p>

10.
Rev. obstet. ginecol. Venezuela ; 76(1): 60-66, mar. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-788164

ABSTRACT

La menopausia es una transición hormonal asociada a la senescencia ovárica, usualmente con presentación entre los 45 y 59 años de edad después de una disminución progresiva de la capacidad reproductiva, hasta el cese definitivo, marcado por la ausencia de períodos menstruales después de 12 meses consecutivos. Se caracteriza por un amplio y variado cuadro clínico, que incluye oleadas de calor (sofocos), dispareunia, trastornos del sueño, entre otros. A pesar de las numerosas investigaciones no se tiene evidencia clara sobre un tratamiento que supere la efectividad de la terapia de reemplazo hormonal (TRH). Un campo que se ha convertido en blanco de actuales investigaciones, es el de los polimorfismos genéticos y su relación con las variaciones en la forma de presentación de las diferentes condiciones asociadas a la menopausia tales como: riesgo cardiovascular, osteoporosis y cáncer de mama.


Menopause is a hormonal transition associated to ovarian senescence, usually presenting between 45 and 59 years after a progressive decrease in the reproductive capacity until termination, the menopause is marked by the absence of menstrual periods after 12 consecutive months. It is characterized by a broad clinical profile, including hot flashes (flushing), dyspareunia, sleep disorders, among others. Despite much research there is no clear evidence about a treatment which overcome the effectiveness of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). A field that has become the target of current research is the genetic polymorphisms and their relation to changes in the presentation of the different conditions associated with menopause such as cardiovascular risk, osteoporosis and breast cancer.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492210

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide application stellate ganglion block treatment of hot flashes′latest data by clinical.Methods 24 patients who were put in the research were taken record of each patient after stellate ganglion block when two months later,especially of the clinical symptoms and hot -flashes -onset,and they were asked to fill a symptom questionnaire for each one.The main concern of hot flashes in patients with seizure frequency of hot flashes and score changes were observed.The data were analyzed.Results After the implementation of stellate ganglion block,the number of episodes of hot flashes in breast cancer patients,and ratings declined,and after 6 weeks decreased by 46% and 49%.21 patients observed in Horner's syndrome.Conclusion Stellate ganglion block for the control of hot flashes in breast cancer is effective.

12.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 24: e2762, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-960994

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify and synthesize the evidence from randomized clinical trials that tested the effectiveness of traditional Chinese acupuncture in relation to sham acupuncture for the treatment of hot flashes in menopausal women with breast cancer. Method: systematic review guided by the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration. Citations were searched in the following databases: MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, CENTRAL, CINAHL, and LILACS. A combination of the following keywords was used: breast neoplasm, acupuncture, acupuncture therapy, acupuncture points, placebos, sham treatment, hot flashes, hot flushes, menopause, climacteric, and vasomotor symptoms. Results: a total of 272 studies were identified, five of which were selected and analyzed. Slight superiority of traditional acupuncture compared with sham acupuncture was observed; however, there were no strong statistical associations. Conclusions: the evidence gathered was not sufficient to affirm the effectiveness of traditional acupuncture compared with sham acupuncture.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar e sintetizar as evidências oriundas de ensaios clínicos randomizados que testaram a efetividade da acupuntura tradicional chinesa em relação à sham acupuntura para o tratamento dos fogachos em mulheres com câncer de mama no climatério. Método: revisão sistemática guiada pelas recomendações da Colaboração Cochrane. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados: MEDLINE via PubMed, Web of Science, CENTRAL Cochrane, CINAHL e LILACS. Adotou-se a combinação dos descritores: breast neoplasm, acupuncture, acupuncture therapy, acupuncture points, placebos, sham treatment, hot flashes, hot flushes, menopause, climacteric, vasomotor symptoms. Resultados: foram identificados 272 estudos, sendo 5 selecionados e analisados. Foi observada discreta superioridade da acupuntura tradicional em relação à sham, entretanto, sem fortes associações estatísticas. Conclusões: as evidências obtidas não foram suficientes para afirmar quanto à efetividade da acupuntura tradicional em relação à sham.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar y sintetizar la evidencia de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado que examinó la eficacia de la acupuntura tradicional en relación a la acupuntura sham para el tratamiento de sofocos en las mujeres menopáusicas con cáncer de mama. Método: Revisión sistemática guiada por las recomendaciones de la Colaboración Cochrane. Las referencias bibliográficas se buscaron en las siguientes bases de datos: MEDLINE vía PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), CINAHL y LILACS. Se utilizó una combinación de las siguientes palabras clave: breast neoplasm, acupuncture, acupuncture therapy, acupuncture points, placebos, sham treatment, hot flashes, hot flushes, menopause, climacteric, vasomotor symptoms. Resultados: Se identificó un total de 272 estudios, cinco de los cuales fueron seleccionados y analizados. Se encontró una ligera superioridad de la acupuntura tradicional comparada con la acupuntura sham; sin embargo, no se encontraron asociaciones estadísticas fuertes. Conclusiones: La evidencia obtenida no fue suficiente para confirmar la eficacia de la acupuntura tradicional comparada con la acupuntura sham.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Acupuncture Therapy , Hot Flashes/therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Placebos , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Menopause , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Treatment Outcome , Hot Flashes/etiology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The association between body mass index (BMI) and hot flash risk has not been specifically clarifies yet. This meta-analysis was, therefore, conducted to estimate the association between overweight and obesity and hot flash risk. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus for observational studies addressing the association between BMI and hot flash until August 2015. Data were independently extracted and analyzed using 95% odds ratio (OR), and confidence intervals (CI) based on the random-effects models. RESULTS: We identified 2,244 references and conducted seven studies with 4,219 participants. The association between hot flash and overweight was estimated 1.13 (95% CI: 0.97-1.32) and that of obesity was estimated 1.79 (95% CI: 1.52-2.11). No evidence of heterogeneity and publication bias was observed. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrated that, though not to a great extent, obesity does increase the risk of hot flash. The findings from this meta-analysis indicated that obesity is associated with an increased risk of hot flash. Further large prospective cohort studies are required to provide convincing evidence as to whether or not BMI is associated with an increased risk of hot flashes.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Cohort Studies , Female , Hot Flashes , Humans , Obesity , Odds Ratio , Overweight , Population Characteristics , Prospective Studies , Publication Bias
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65942

ABSTRACT

Menopause is a critical stage of women's life associated with various complaints and distresses. Vasomotor symptoms (VMS), such as hot flushes, night sweats, sleep disturbances, and fatigue, are the most common menopause symptoms affecting about 50% to 80% of middle-aged women. Obviously, these symptoms, resulting from estrogen deficiency during menopause, can exert negative effects on women's health and quality of life and thus require to be managed through approaches such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Many herbal treatments for menopause symptoms contain and its components such as 8-prenylnaringenin, 6-PN, isoxanthohumol and xanthohumol. Recent in-vivo studies have highlighted the ability of 8-prenylnaringenin to reduce serum-luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), to increase serum prolactin levels and uterine weight, and to induce vaginal hyperplastic epithelium. Previous research has shown that hops extract can strongly bind to both estrogen receptors, stimulate alkaline phosphatase activity in Ishikawa cells, and upregulate presenelin-2 and progesterone receptor mRNA in Ishikawa cells. Numerous clinical trials have documented significant reductions in the frequency of hot flushes following the administration of hop-containing preparations. Nevertheless, further clinical trials with larger sample size and longer follow-up are warranted to confirm such benefits.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Epithelium , Estrogens , Fatigue , Female , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Follow-Up Studies , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Hot Flashes , Humans , Humulus , Menopause , Prolactin , Quality of Life , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone , RNA, Messenger , Sample Size , Sweat , Women's Health
15.
Kampo Medicine ; : 218-222, 2015.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377183

ABSTRACT

Trigger finger develops because of stenosis around the A1 annular ligament, which causes inhibition of smooth expansion and contraction of the finger. It is effectively treated by an anti-inflammatory analgesic and/or steroid infusion, and by Western style medical surgery. Here, we report 3 cases of trigger finger effectively treated with unkeito. The first case was a 71-year-old female who had been treated with Kampo medicine for an enlarged feeling in the abdomen. She complained of trigger finger, in the knuckle of her right third finger, dry lips, and hot flashes in her hands and feet. The second case was a 56-year-old female who had been treated with Kampo medicine for polyarticular pain in her fingers. She complained of trigger finger of the left fourth finger and hot flashes in her hands. The third case was a 71-year-old female who had been treated for chronic renal failure. She complained of trigger finger in the left first finger and dry skin but had neither hot flashes in the hands nor dry lips. One of the target symptoms of unkeito is hot flashes in the hands and dry lips. Unkeito is composed of herbs which improve <i>ketsu </i>deficiency, <i>oketsu</i>, inflammation, and dry skin. It is possible that these actions of unkeito are effective in trigger finger as well.

16.
Femina ; 42(6): 255-260, nov-dez. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-749145

ABSTRACT

O Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico (LES) é uma doença inflamatória crônica, de maior prevalência no sexo feminino, multissistêmica e de natureza autoimune, caracterizada pela presença de diversos autoanticorpos que evolui com manifestações clínicas polimórficas, com períodos de exacerbações e remissões Este artigo consistiu de revisão da literatura realizada pela consulta de seis bases de dados em busca de artigos nacionais e internacionais que relataram o evento tromboembólico e cardíaco nas pacientes lúpicas usuárias de terapia hormonal (TH), buscou relatos sobre o efeito da TH na prevenção da osteoporose nestas pacientes, e saber se o estrogênio pode ser fator etiológico no aparecimento da doença ou causando exacerbação de mulheres lúpicas expostas à TH. Como resultado, conclui-se que terapia hormonal pode ser usada na ausência de atividade da doença e sem agudizações por alguns anos, em mulheres com anticorpo anticardiolipina e/ou anticoagulante lúpico negativo e com doses terapêuticas de glicorticóide baixa e que se deve preferir baixa dose de estrogênio transdérmico combinado com progesterona natural, micronizada ou derivados pregnanos, por apresentar menor potencial trombogênico. E, naquelas pacientes com atividade da doença em controle e ainda com sintomas vasomotores, um agente não-estrogênico (antidepressivo ou progesterona) deve ser a primeira linha de tratamento.(AU)


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disease, more prevalent in women. It is considered an autoimmune disease, characterized by the presence of several autoantibodies. Its clinical presentation is polymorphic, characterized by exacerbation and remissions periods. It was performed an extensive literature research in six databases searching for articles related to the thromboembolic and cardiac events in female SLE patients exposed to replacement hormone therapy (HT). Furthermore, it was searched articles on the effects of HT in the prevention of osteoporosis, as well as if estrogen therapy could be an etiologic factor in the emergence or exacerbation of LES in female patients. HT can be safely used in the absence of disease activity, in patients without exacerbation for some years, in women with no evidence of anticardiolipin or lupus anticoagulant antibodies, and using low corticoid doses. When the use of HT is necessary it is preferable to use low dose of transdermical estrogen combined with natural progesterone, micronised or pregnane derivatives that have less thrombogenic potential. In addition, in patients with LES activity controlled that maintain hot flashes a non-estrogenic therapy (antidepressant or progesterone) should be the first treatment line.(AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Estrogen Replacement Therapy/adverse effects , Hormone Replacement Therapy/adverse effects , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Osteoporosis , Thromboembolism , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic , Coronary Disease
17.
Femina ; 42(1): 27-31, jan-fev. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-749138

ABSTRACT

O climatério representa um fenômeno de transição entre a fase reprodutiva e a não reprodutiva, caracterizando um estado fisiológico de hipoestrogenismo progressivo. Existe, atualmente, muito interesse e procura por terapias alternativas à terapia hormonal (TH), uma vez que alguns estudos sugerem que a TH pode aumentar o risco de desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares e câncer de mama. Objetiva-se identificar na literatura evidências recentes acerca dos benefícios das terapias alternativas à TH na redução dos sintomas climatéricos. Dessa forma, foi realizada uma revisão na literatura por meio de consulta nas principais bases de dados e no site Up to date utilizando como estratégia de busca combinação entre as palavras climatério, atividade física, ioga, técnicas de relaxamento, acupuntura, fitoestrogênios, e antidepressivos priorizando artigos mais recentes e com maior nível de evidência. Os resultados demonstraram que, paulatinamente, a terapia não hormonal tem ganhado espaço no tratamento dos sintomas climatéricos, por diversas razões. Entretanto, são necessários mais estudos controlados/randomizados para mostrar eficácia das diversas modalidades de terapia alternativa e também para delinear o perfil das pacientes que teriam maior benefício com esse tipo de tratamento, pois existe um grupo de mulheres que ainda se beneficiam da TH devido a não adaptação às terapias alternativas.(AU)


The climacteric is a phase of transition between the reproductive and the non-reproductive stage, featuring a progressive physiological state of hypoestrogenism. There is a current and increasing demand for alternative therapies to hormone therapy (HT), since same studies suggest that HT may significantly increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and breast cancer. This study aims to identify recent evidence in the literature about the benefits of alternative therapies to HT in reducing climacteric symptoms. Thereby, we conducted a literature review in the main database and the website Up To Date, researching the combination between the words climacteric, physical activity, yoga, relaxation techniques, acupuncture, phytoestrogens and antidepressants. The most recent articles with highest level of evidence were prioritized. The results showed that, gradually, alternative therapies to hormones have gained reliability in the treatment of climacteric symptoms for several reasons. However, additional controlled studies / trials are needed to show efficacy of various forms of alternative therapy and also to outline the profile of patients who would most benefit from this type of treatment. Besides, there is a group of women who would still benefit from HT since they are maladapted to alternative therapies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Complementary Therapies/methods , Climacteric , Hot Flashes/prevention & control , Hot Flashes/therapy , Yoga , Exercise , Databases, Bibliographic , Acupuncture , Phytoestrogens , Antidepressive Agents
18.
Femina ; 42(1): 51-56, jan-fev. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-749142

ABSTRACT

O câncer de mama é a neoplasia maligna mais frequente nas mulheres, inclusive na pós-menopausa. O tratamento hormonal e quimioterápico dessa doença pode induzir o aparecimento de sintomas vasomotores, atrofia urogenital, alteração da função sexual e instalação da menopausa precocemente, os quais merecem avaliação e controle. O tratamento dos sintomas climatéricos em pacientes sobreviventes do câncer de mama tem grande relevância clínica, pois, em razão do aumento da incidência e dos avanços na abordagem terapêutica, o número de mulheres que sobrevivem ao câncer de mama e experimentam sintomas climatéricos tem aumentado. Objetivou-se identificar na literatura evidências recentes acerca das opções terapêuticas na redução dos sintomas climatéricos. Dessa forma, foi realizada uma revisão na literatura por meio de consulta nas principais bases de dados, priorizando artigos mais recentes e com maior nível de evidência. Os estudos randomizados controlados sobre o uso de fitoterápicos, acupuntura e ioga no tratamento de fogachos em pacientes com câncer de mama são limitados, tanto nas opções de tratamento e tempo de seguimento quanto na comprovação científica de sua eficácia. Abordando os tratamentos farmacológicos, vários inibidores da recaptação de serotonina (paroxetina, fluoxetina e citalopram) e inibidores da recaptação de serotonina e adrenalina (venlafaxina e desvenlafaxina) têm sido mais eficazes que o placebo na redução dos sintomas vasomotores em estudos a curto prazo em mulheres com câncer de mama. A avaliação dos sintomas e seu impacto na qualidade de vida, além do desejo da paciente, são determinantes na escolha do tratamento. Independentemente do tipo de tratamento indicado, as modificações de estilo de vida devem ser recomendadas.(AU)


Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women, including after menopause. The hormonal and chemotherapeutic treatment of this disease can induce the appearance of vasomotor symptoms, urogenital atrophy, abnormal sexual function and installation of early menopause that require evaluation and control. The treatment of climacteric symptoms in breast cancer survivors is of great clinical relevance, once the number of women experiencing menopausal symptoms has increased because of the high incidence of breast cancer and advances in therapeutic approach. The purpose is to identify recent evidence in the literature on the therapeutic options in reducing these menopausal symptoms. Thus, a literature review through consultation was held in the main databases, prioritizing newer and higher level of evidence items. Randomized controlled trials on the use of herbals, acupuncture and yoga in the treatment of hot flashes in patients with breast cancer are limited, such as treatment options, follow-up time and the scientific evidence of its effectiveness. Addressing the pharmacological treatments, several serotonin reuptake inhibitors (paroxetine, fluoxetine and citalopram) and reuptake inhibitors of serotonin and adrenaline (venlafaxine and desvenlafaxine) have been more effective than placebo in reducing vasomotor symptoms in short-term studies in women with breast cancer. The evaluation of symptoms and their impact on quality of life, beyond the desire of the patient, are determinant in the choice of treatment. Regardless of the type of treatment indicated, changes in lifestyle should be recommended.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Vagina/physiopathology , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Climacteric , Hot Flashes/drug therapy , Hot Flashes/therapy , Complementary Therapies , Databases, Bibliographic , Clonidine/therapeutic use , Drug Interactions , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/therapeutic use , Phytotherapy , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 11(4): 435-438, out.-dez. 2013. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-699852

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar se a Paullinia cupana diminui o número e a gravidade dos fogachos em mulheres após diagnóstico de câncer de mama. MÉTODOS: Estudo piloto prospectivo fase II realizado com mulheres que sobreviveram ao câncer de mama, que completaram o tratamento pelo menos 3 meses antes e que apresentavam ao menos 14 episódios de fogachos por semana. Utilizando o desenho de Simon para que a primeira etapa fosse considerada positiva, ao menos 9 de 15 mulheres deveriam ter a gravidade dos fogachos diminuída em pelo menos 50%. As pacientes receberam 50mg do extrato seco de Guaraná oralmente 2 vezes por dia por 6 semanas. Foram avaliadas, a gravidade e a frequência dos fogachos. RESULTADOS: Dezoito pacientes iniciaram o tratamento com Paullinia cupana e 15 completaram o estudo. Três pacientes deixaram o estudo imediatamente após iniciarem o tratamento em razão de dificuldade na participação e não adesão. Das 15 pacientes que completaram o estudo, 10 obtiveram diminuição de mais de 50% dos índices de gravidade de fogachos. Durante as 6 semanas de tratamento, diminuições estatisticamente significativas foram observadas tanto no número de fogachos (p=0,0009), quanto nos índices de gravidade (p<0,0001). Paullinia cupana foi bem tolerada, e não houve relato de toxicidade como causa de saída do estudo. CONCLUSÕES: Paullinia cupana pareceu promissora para o controle de fogachos. Estudos mais extensivos são necessários.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluated whether Paullinia cupana decrease number and severity of hot flashes in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: This was a prospective phase II pilot study. We studied female breast cancer survivors who had completed the cancer treatment 3 months previously and who were experiencing at least 14 hot flashes per week. At least 9 of the 15 patients were required to have a decrease of at least 50% in hot flash severity score in keeping with the Simon Design. Patients received 50mg of dry extract of Paullinia cupana orally twice a day for 6 weeks. We assessed both frequency and severity of hot flashes. RESULTS: A total of 18 patients started the Paullinia cupana treatment, and 15 completed the study. Three patients left the study immediately after starting the treatment because of personal difficulties in participation or noncompliance. Of the 15 patients who completed the study 10 had a decrease of more than 50% in hot flash severity scores. During the 6 weeks of treatment, statistically significant decreases were seen in both numbers of hot flashes (p=0.0009) and severity scores (p<0.0001). Paullinia cupana was well tolerated, and there were no instances of discontinuation because of toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Paullinia cupana appears promising for controlling hot flashes. More extensive studies seem warranted.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Hot Flashes/drug therapy , Hot Flashes/etiology , Paullinia , Phytotherapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
20.
Medisan ; 17(7): 2010-2016, jul. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-680575

ABSTRACT

Se efectuó una intervención educativa en 82 mujeres de edad mediana con síndrome climatérico, pertenecientes a la Policlínica nr 1 "Francisca Rivero" de Manzanillo en Granma, desde enero hasta junio del 2012, a fin de modificar algunos conocimientos sobre el climaterio y así mejorar la calidad de vida de estas féminas. En la casuística, el hábito de fumar, así como los antecedentes de trastornos menstruales influyeron para que se adelantara la menopausia. Asimismo, los sofocos y la sudoresis figuraron entre los síntomas vasomotores más relevantes. Antes de la acción educativa, la mayoría de las afectadas tenían nociones inadecuadas al respecto y después de esta lograron modificarlas positivamente, por lo cual se demostró la efectividad del programa de actividades aplicado.


An educational intervention was carried out in 82 middle-age women with climacteric syndrome, belonging to "Francisca Rivero" Polyclinic nr 1 in Manzanillo Granma, from January to June, 2012, in order to modify some knowledge on climacterium and in this way to improve the life quality of these female patients. In the case material, the smoking habit as well as the history of menstrual disorders influenced so as to advance menopause. Likewise, hot flashes and sudoresis were among the most relevant vasomotor symptoms. Before the educational action, most of the affected women had inadequate notions in this respect and after this they were able to modify them positively, reason why the effectiveness of the applied program of activities was demonstrated.

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