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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 82-85, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006846

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Bailing capsule on renal function and other organ systems in 60 patients after renal transplantation in No. 910 Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force. Methods 60 patients with renal allograft in 2018−2020 were divided into 2 groups according to different immunosuppressive regimens. In the control group, 35 cases were treated with MMF + CsA or FK506; in the treatment group, 25 cases were treated with MMF + CsA or FK506 + Bailing capsule. Blood and urine routine, liver and renal function and uric acid were measured after operation. The dosage of immunosuppressive drugs was recorded in stages at 48 weeks. Results The urinary red and white blood cell counts, blood aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase, serum uric acid, total bilirubin and direct bilirubin in the treatment group were significantly less than those in the control group, while the serum total protein and albumin were significantly higher than those in the control group. The number of red blood cells and white blood cells in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 12-48 weeks after kidney transplantation, and that in the lymphocyte group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 24-48 weeks after kidney transplantation. The dosage of CsA and FK506 in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group after 48 weeks. Conclusion Bailing capsule could protect liver and kidney, stimulate hematopoiesis, improve hypoalbuminemia and reduce the dosage of immunosuppressant, which could be an ideal immunomodulator.

2.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 893-897, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005771

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the expressions of IL-10, IL-35 and TGF-β in CD25+B cells from periodontitis individuals, and then establish how the activation of TLR4/9 affects the above processes. 【Methods】 SD rats were randomly divided into healthy group, primary periodontitis groups and severe periodontitis group; experimental models were performed by ligation. Expression of IL-10, IL-35 and TGF-β mRNA in CD25+B cells from gingiva and peripheral blood, expression and activation of TLR 2/4/7/9, MyD88, TRAF6 in gingival CD25+B cells were detected. The effect of TLRs/MyD88 on IL-10, IL-35 and TGF-β expressions and production were evaluated by cell culture experiments. 【Results】 CD25+B cells from gingiva of primary periodontitis individuals showed improved expression of IL-10 and TGF-β mRNA compared with the healthy ones (P<0.05); cells from peripheral blood did not present the same tendency. CD25+B cells from gingiva of severe periodontitis individuals showed improved expression of IL-10, IL-35 and TGF-β mRNA compared with the healthy ones (P<0.05), cells from peripheral blood showed higher IL-10 mRNA level than the healthy ones (P<0.05). Compared with healthy individuals, the expression and phosphorylation of TLR4/9 and MyD88 in CD25+B cells from gingiva of severe periodontitis individuals were increased (P<0.01). In cell culture experiments, TLR4 agonist promoted IL-10, IL-35 and TGF-β mRNA expression and IL-10 secretion (P<0.05); TLR9 agonist improved IL-10 and TGF-β mRNA expression and IL-10 secretion (P<0.05). The combined use of TLR4/9 agonist could increase the expression and secretion of all the detected indexes (P<0.05); MyD88 antagonism decrease the above effects (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The expressions of IL-10, IL-35 and TGF-β in gingiva CD25+B cells increase during periodontitis, which may be regulated by TLR4 /9-MyD88 pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 880-888, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015623

ABSTRACT

Tumor cells can use different strategies to suppress the immune system and disable them for killing tumor cells. Previous studies have shown that recombinant human peroxiredoxin-5 (hPRDX5) can activate the normal anti-tumor immune, so as to control and eliminate the tumor cells, but its exact mechanism of action needs to be studied in depth. The study aimed to investigate whether hPRDX5 exerts its anti-tumor activity by activating or reversing the polarization state of mouse macrophages RAW264. 7 cells. The results of CCK8 showed that different doses of hPRDX5 could significantly enhance the viability of macrophage compared with the control group (P < 0. 001); The results of Nitric oxide (NO) test showed that hPRDX5 significantly enhanced NO secretion levels in RAW264. 7 cells (P < 0. 001); ELISA experiments revealed that hPRDX5 promotes TNF-α (P<0. 01) and IL-6 (P<0. 001) secretion in RAW264. 7 cells; Flow cytometry revealed that hPRDX5 increased the expression of antigen differentiation cluster (CD) 80 (P < 0. 01) and inducible nitric oxide oxide synthase (iNOS) (P < 0. 001) in RAW264. 7 cells, and reduced the expression of CD206 (P < 0. 001) in RAW264. 7 cells induced by tumor conditional culture solution (TCS); Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) experiments revealed that hPRDX5 can increase the killing activity of mouse macrophages on mouse pancreatic cancer Panc02 cells. hPRDX5 is able to activate mouse macrophage RAW264. 7 cells, promotes its M1-type polarization, reverses M2-type polarization, and exerts antitumor activity through the immune-enhancing effect.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1523-1530, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010003

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with ectopic high OCT4 expression on T-cell proliferation, activation and secretion in vitro.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from healthy children. Anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies were used to activate T lymphocytes, which were stimulated by interleukin (IL)-2 for one week in vitro. Then MSCs with ectopic high OCT4 expression (MSC-OCT4) were co-cultured with activated T lymphocytes. After one week of co-culture, the supernatant was collected and the levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines [IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ] were determined by flow cytometry. The lymphocytes after one week of co-culture were collected and counted by Countstar software. After the proportions of activated/inactivated T cell subsets were determined by flow cytometry, the absolute lymphocyte counts were calculated and expressed as mean ± standard deviation.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control T cell alone culture group, the proliferation of CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4+ T cells, and CD3+CD8+ T cells were significantly inhibited in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group. Compared with MSC, MSC-OCT4 could inhibit CD3+CD8+ T cell proliferation better (P =0.049), and mainly inhibited early T cell activation. Compared with control T cell alone culture group, the levels of IL-2 and INF-γ were significantly down-regulated both in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group.After co-culture with T cells for one week, the level of IL-6 significantly increased in MSC group and MSC-OCT4 group compared with that before co-culture. Compared with control MSC group, MSC-OCT4 group had higher viable cell numbers after 1 week of co-culture (P =0.019), and could resist the inhibition of proliferation by higher concentration of mitomycin C.@*CONCLUSION@#Both MSC and MSC-OCT4 can inhibit the proliferation and activation of IL-2-stimulated T cells in vitro. After overexpression of OCT4, MSC has better proliferation ability in vitro and can inhibit the proliferation of CD3+CD8+ T cells more effectively, which may have a better and more lasting immunosuppressive ability to regulate the balance of Th1/Th2.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Lymphocyte Activation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1462-1468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the expression level of melatonin and its effects on immune function in aplastic anemia (AA) patients.@*METHODS@#The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the plasma levels of melatonin in AA patients, and the correlation between melatonin levels and laboratory indexs was analyzed. The activation, proliferation, and apoptosis of T cells from AA patients were analyzed by flow cytometry with or without melatonin in vitro.@*RESULTS@#The plasma levels of melatonin in AA patients were significantly lower compared with healthy controls (HC) (12.23 pg/ml vs 20.04 pg/ml, P < 0.01), while the plasma melatonin levels of AA patients in remission group after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) were significantly higher than those in non-remission group (29.16 pg/ml vs 11.73 pg/ml, P =0.04). Moreover, the melatonin levels were positively correlated with platelets (r =0.49), the absolute reticulocyte count (r =0.45), and the percentage of neutrophils (r =0.43). Meanwhile, there was a negative correlation between melatonin levels and the percentages of lymphocytes (r =-0.45). The expressions of CD25 and CD69 in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from AA patients were remarkably inhibited by melatonin in vitro (all P < 0.05). When cultured with melatonin, the proliferation rates of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from AA patients were markedly suppressed (P =0.01 andP < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The plasma levels of melatonin were decreased in AA patients, which might play an important role in the mechanism of immunological abnormalities. The hyperimmune status of AA patients could be partially ameliorated by melatonin in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Melatonin , Blood Cell Count
6.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 280-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971526

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in percentage of GATA3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and mouse models.@*METHODS@#The nasal mucosa specimens were obtained from 6 AR patients and 6 control patients for detection of nasal mucosal inflammation. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were collected from 12 AP patients and 12 control patients to determine the percentages of Treg cells and GATA3+ Treg cells. In a C57BL/6 mouse model of AR, the AR symptom score, peripheral blood OVA-sIgE level, and nasal mucosal inflammation were assessed, and the spleen of mice was collected for detecting the percentages of Treg cells and GATA3+ Treg cells and the expressions of Th2 cytokines.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control patients, AR patients showed significantly increased eosinophil infiltration and goblet cell proliferation in the nasal mucosa (P < 0.01) and decreased percentages of Treg cells and GATA3+ Treg cells (P < 0.05). The mouse models of AR also had more obvious allergic symptoms, significantly increased OVA-sIgE level in peripheral blood, eosinophil infiltration and goblet cell hyperplasia (P < 0.01), markedly lowered percentages of Treg cells and GATA3+ Treg cells in the spleen (P < 0.01), and increased expressions of IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of GATA3+ Treg cells is decreased in AR patients and mouse models. GATA3+ Treg cells possibly participate in Th2 cell immune response, both of which are involved in the occurrence and progression of AR, suggesting the potential of GATA3+ Treg cells as a new therapeutic target for AR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , GATA3 Transcription Factor , Inflammation , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nasal Mucosa/metabolism , Ovalbumin , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th2 Cells/metabolism
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 89-95, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971322

ABSTRACT

The primary chemical components of Astragalus membranaceus include polysaccharides, saponins, flavonoids, and amino acids. Recent studies have shown that Astragalus membranaceus has multiple functions, including improving immune function and exerting antioxidative, anti-radiation, anti-tumor, antibacterial, antiviral, and hormone-like effects. Astragalus membranaceus and its extracts are widely used in clinical practice because they have obvious therapeutic effects against various autoimmune diseases and relatively less adverse reaction. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of central nervous system (CNS), which mainly caused by immune disorder that leads to inflammatory demyelination, inflammatory cell infiltration, and axonal degeneration in the CNS. In this review, the authors analyzed the clinical manifestations of MS and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and focused on the efficacy of Astragalus membranaceus and its chemical components in the treatment of MS/EAE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Astragalus propinquus/chemistry , Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Polysaccharides
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3235-3245, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981460

ABSTRACT

Sj9gren's syndrome(SS) is an autoimmune disease with glandular dysfunction caused by the massive infiltration of the exocrine glands by lymphocytes. The pathogenesis of this disease is related to the chronic inflammatory response of the exocrine glands due to excessive activation of B cells and T cells. In addition to dry mouth and eyes, SS can also cause damage to other organs and systems in the human body, seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has definite clinical efficacy in the treatment of SS as it can alleviate symptoms and regulate immune disorders without causing adverse reactions, demonstrating high safety. This paper reviews the current status of preclinical and clinical trials about the TCM treatment of SS in the past decade. TCM mainly mitigates SS symptoms such as dry mouth, dry eyes, dry skin, and joint pain and improves the prognosis and quality of life of patients by regulating the abnormally activated B cells and T cells, inhibiting the autoimmune response, restoring the balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and reducing the pathological damage caused by immune complexes to exocrine glands and joints in SS patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sjogren's Syndrome/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Xerostomia , Autoimmune Diseases
9.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 60-67, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes in IL-35 expression in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and to analyze the role of IL-35 in regulating Th9 cells.Methods:Thirty-one T1DM patients and 13 controls were enrolled. Plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated. The levels of IL-35 and IL-9 in plasma were measured by ELISA. The expression of IL-35 subunits, EBI3 and IL-12p35, as well as Th9 transcription factor PU.1 at mRNA level was detected by real-time PCR. The percentages of Th9 cells were measured by flow cytometry. Changes in cell proliferation, the percentage of Th9 cells, PU.1 expression at mRNA level and IL-9 secretion were detected after stimulating PBMCs from T1DM patients and controls with recombinant human IL-35. CD4 + CCR4 -CCR6 -CXCR3 - cells and CD8 + T cells were isolated from PBMCs of 11 T1DM patients. CD4 + CCR4 -CCR6 -CXCR3 - cells were first stimulated with recombinant human IL-35 and then co-cultured with CD8 + T cells. IFN-γ and TNF-α in the culture supernatants were measured by ELISA. Perforin and granzyme B secretion was measured by enzyme-linked immunospot assay. Student′s t-test, paired t-test or LSD- t test was used for statistical analysis. Results:Plasma IL-35 level was lower in T1DM patients than in controls [(67.13±9.94) pg/ml vs (97.77±23.61) pg/ml, P<0.000 1]. Compared with controls, T1DM patients had decreased expression of EBI3 and IL-12p35 at mRNA level in PBMCs ( P<0.000 1). The percentage of Th9 cells, PU.1 expression at mRNA level and plasma IL-9 level were increased in T1DM patients as compared with those in controls [(3.47±0.99)% vs (2.76±0.75)%, P=0.029; P<0.000 1; (99.08±11.85) pg/ml vs (86.38±12.72) pg/ml, P=0.002 8]. IL-35 had no significant influence on the proliferation of PBMCs from both T1DM patients and controls ( P>0.05). The percentage of Th9 cells and PU.1 expression at mRNA level in PBMCs from T1DM patients were down-regulated in response to IL-35 stimulation ( P<0.01), while no significant difference was observed in the control group ( P>0.05). IL-9 secretion by PBMCs was down-regulated in response to IL-35 stimulation in both T1DM and control groups ( P<0.01). CD4 + CCR4 -CCR6 -CXCR3 - cells promoted the secretion of IFN-γ, TNF-α, perforin and granzyme B by CD8 + T cells from T1DM patients ( P<0.05), but the effects could be inhibited by IL-35 ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Decreased IL-35 in T1DM patients could not exert effective immunosuppressive activity, leading to the enhancement of Th9 cell activity and inflammatory injury.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 234-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate changes in expression of plasma soluble CD100 (sCD100) and membrane-bound CD100 (mCD100) on peripheral T cells in patients with herpes zoster, and to observe the regulatory effect of exogenous CD100 on CD8 + T cells. Methods:A total of 53 patients with herpes zoster attending the Zhumadian Central Hospital from July 2019 to April 2021 were enrolled, so were 25 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Anticoagulated venous blood samples were collected, plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated, plasma sCD100 levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and mCD100 expression on CD4 + and CD8 + T cells was determined by flow cytometry. After the purification of CD8 + T cells, the secretion levels of cytotoxic molecules and cytokines by CD8 + T cells were measured and compared between herpes zoster patients and controls. Some purified CD8 + T cells from herpes zoster patients were stimulated with recombinant human CD100 and recombinant varicella-zoster virus glycoprotein, and the effect of recombinant human CD100 on the secretion of cytotoxic molecules and cytokines by CD8 + T cells was investigated. Comparisons between groups were conducted by t test. Results:Plasma sCD100 levels were significantly lower in the herpes zoster group (1.12 ± 0.23 ng/ml) than in the control group (1.31 ± 0.28 ng/ml, t = 2.97, P = 0.004), the proportion of mCD100 + CD8 + T cells was significantly higher in the herpes zoster group (17.41% ± 4.26%) than in the control group (14.69% ± 3.70%, t = 2.52, P = 0.014), and no significant difference in the proportion of mCD100 + CD4 + T cells was found between the two groups (2.52% ± 0.58% vs. 2.32% ± 0.56%, t = 1.27, P = 0.208). The herpes zoster group showed significantly decreased mRNA expression of perforin and granzyme B in, and lower secretion levels of perforin, granzyme B, interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α by CD8 + T cells compared with the control group (all P < 0.05). After stimulation with recombinant human CD100, levels of perforin, granzyme B, interferon-γ and tumor necrosis factor-α in the culture supernatant of CD8 + T cells (43.68 ± 14.12, 126.8 ± 22.92, 12.79 ± 3.66, 310.0 ± 79.90 pg/ml, respectively ) were significantly higher than those in non-stimulated group (34.55 ± 10.78, 99.04 ± 10.44, 9.53 ± 2.00, 275.6 ± 68.04 pg/ml, respectively, all P < 0.05) . Conclusion:There was an imbalance between sCD100 and mCD100 expression in patients with herpes zoster, and exogenous sCD100 may enhance the cytotoxicity of CD8 + T cells in herpes zoster patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 246-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991614

ABSTRACT

As a major member of innate immunity, macrophage can eliminate pathogens through cell phagocytosis, antigen presentation and immune regulation, and play an important role in parasitic infections such as Echinococcus. Echinococcus can regulate the function of host macrophages through a variety of parasite-derived molecules, such as protein and nucleic acid molecules, and realize long-term parasitism in the host. This article focuses on the research progress of the role of macrophages in echinococcosis and the regulation of macrophages by parasite-derived molecules.

12.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 19-23, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392286

ABSTRACT

En el campo de la odontología, prevalecen actualmente alternativas terapéuticas con una filosofía conservadora. Sin embargo, con el advenimiento de los tratamientos con células madre (CM), se amplían las posibilidades terapéuticas, que buscan la combinación y el equilibrio entre la intervención tradicional y las posibilidades de reposición de estructuras anatómicas dañadas, a través de la regeneración de tejidos utilizando células madre o sus derivados (AU)


In the dentistry field, therapeutic alternatives with a conservative philosophy currently prevail. However, with the advent of stem cell (SC) treatments, therapeutic possibilities are expanding, seeking a combination and balance between traditional intervention and the pos- sibility of replacing damaged anatomical structures through tissue regeneration, using stem cells or their derivatives (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Periodontal Ligament/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Tooth/cytology , Tooth Germ/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds , COVID-19/therapy
13.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 62 p. graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378655

ABSTRACT

As Células-Tronco Mesenquimais (CTMs), são células multipotentes, presentes em diversos tecidos, sendo bastante estudada devido sua capacidade imunorregulatória por meio da liberação de fatores solúveis. Fatores estes que atuam sobre as funções de células do sistema imunitário. Simultaneamente, estudos indicam que os compostos flavonoides, em destaque a Delfinidina, presente em alguns frutos e flores, possuem atuação anti-inflamatória e inibitória sobre células do sistema imunitário. Todavia, são escassos os estudos em relação entre a capacidade imunorregulatória da CTM e a influência da Delfinidina, sendo este o objetivo deste estudo. Inicialmente, a Delfinidina 3-O-ß-D-glicosídeo foi escolhido, devido a sua maior estabilidade e a dose de 50 µM foi selecionada após análise por citometria de fluxo que mostrou aumento da fase proliferativa do ciclo celular. Posteriormente ao realizar análise da produção de fatores solúveis pelas CTM, os resultados mostraram aumento da produção de IL-10, TGF-ß e Oxido nítrico pelas CTM tratadas com Delfinidina. Bem como, diminuição da expressão de p-NF-κB/NF-κB pelas CTMs tratadas com Delfinidina, quando avaliadas por Wersten Blot. Adicionalmente, para analisar a Delfinidina sobre os efeitos imunorregulatórios da CTM sob macrófagos (RAW 264.7), célula esta, importante no sistema imune inato. Foram realizadas culturas condicionadas, com posterior análise da produção de fatores solúveis, os resultados mostraram aumento da produção de IL-10, e diminuição da produção de TNF-α, IL-1α e IL-12 pelos macrófagos, nas culturas condicionadas. Assim como, diminuição da expressão do fator p-NF-κB/NF-κB pelos macrófagos nas culturas condicionadas, quando avaliadas por Wersten Blot. Ademais, ao analisar a atividade metabólica dos macrófagos por ensaio de MTT, os resultados mostraram que as culturas condicionadas e a Delfinidina per si foi capaz de diminuir a atividade metabólica, sem alterar os efeitos anti-inflamatórios sobre a célula. Em síntese, a Delfinidina mostrou acentuar a atuação imunorregulatória da CTM sobre a linhagem macrofágica, célula esta, de grande importância para o sistema imune inato


Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells present in various tissues, being widely studied due to their immunoregulatory capacity through the release of soluble factors. These factors act on the functions of cells of the immune system. Simultaneously, studies indicate that flavonoid compounds, especially Delphinidin, present in some fruits and flowers, have anti inflammatory and inhibitory effects on immune system cells. However, there are few studies on the relationship between the immunoregulatory capacity of MSC and the influence of Delphinidin, which is the objective of this study. Initially, Delphinidin 3-O-ß-D-glycoside was chosen due to its greater stability and the 50 µM dose was selected after analysis by flow cytometry which showed an increase in the proliferative phase of the cell cycle. Subsequently, when analyzing the production of soluble factors by MSCs, the results showed an increase in the production of IL-10, TGF-ß and nitric oxide by MSCs treated with Delphinidin. As well as decreased expression of p-NF-κB/NF-κB by MSCs treated with Delphinidin, when evaluated by Wersten Blot. Additionally, to analyze Delphinidin on the immunoregulatory effects of MSC on macrophages (RAW 264.7), this cell is important in the innate immune system. Conditioned cultures were performed, with subsequent analysis of the production of soluble factors, the results showed an increase in the production of IL-10, and a decrease in the production of TNF-α, IL-1α and IL-12 by macrophages, in the conditioned cultures. As well as decreased expression of p-NF-κB/NF-κB factor by macrophages in conditioned cultures, when evaluated by Wersten Blot. Furthermore, when analyzing the metabolic activity of macrophages by MTT assay, the results showed that conditioned cultures and Delphinidin itself was able to decrease the metabolic activity, without altering the anti-inflammatory effects on the cell. In summary, Delphinidin has shown to enhance the immunoregulatory action of MSC on the macrophage lineage, a cell that is of great importance for the innate immune system


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/analysis , Immune System , Transforming Growth Factors , Interleukin-1/adverse effects , Interleukin-10/adverse effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/classification , Flow Cytometry/instrumentation , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage
14.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 1155-1162, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014774

ABSTRACT

Chrysoeriol is a natural flavonoid compound, which is widely present in many kinds of traditional Chinese medicine and medicinal herbs. In recent years, studies of Chrysoeriol on the pharmacological effects and its glycosides have gradually increased, especially in anti-tumor, anti-oxidative damage and anti-inflammatory immune regulation, etc., showing good pharmacological effects, and it has prospective potency as a candidate to develop new drug in those domain. This article briefly reviews the pharmacological effects and underlying mechanisms of chrysoeriol, so that researchers can understand the pharmacological characteristics of this compound, and also provide references for the development of new drugs based on this ingredient.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 19-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940513

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the pharmacodynamic effect of gramine on 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced atopic dermatitis (AD) in mice and its potential mechanism. MethodThe mice were divided into the normal control group, model group, dexamethasone (0.05 g·kg-1) group, and high- and low-dose (0.12,0.06 g·kg-1) gramine groups. Mice in all groups except for the normal control group were stimulated with DNCB, followed by medication 13 d later. The changes in skin lesions were then observed, and the skin thickness, moisture content, and transepidermal water loss (TWEL) in each group were measured. The pathological changes in skin lesions were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the effects of drugs on CD4+/CD8+T-cell ratio in the spleen were detected by flow cytometry. The levels of immunoglobulin E (IgE), interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-6 in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the changes in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine (CRE) by microplate method. The mRNA expression levels of inflammatory cytokines γ-interferon(IFN-γ), IL-13, IL-17, IL-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in skin lesions were assayed by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and the protein expression levels of nuclear transcription factor -κB (NF-κB) and NF-κB inhibitory protein α (IκBα) in skin lesions by Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal control group, the model group showed skin edema, erythema, scab, scratch, and lymphocyte and neutrophil infiltration, decreased skin moisture content, as well as increased skin thickness, TWEL (P<0.01), spleen index, CD4+/CD8+ T-cell ratio in the spleen (P<0.05), mRNA expression of IFN-γ, IL-13, IL-17, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the skin lesions (P<0.05), serum contents of IgE, IL-4, and IL-6 (P<0.05), and protein expression of IκBα and NF-κB in skin lesions (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, dexamethasone and gramine at different doses alleviated skin erythema, scale, scab, and inflammatory cell infiltration, elevated skin moisture content, inhibited skin thickening and TWEL, and decreased spleen index, CD4+/CD8+T-cell ratio in the spleen, mRNA expression of inflammatory factors in the skin lesions, serum contents of IgE and inflammatory factors, and protein expression of IκBα and NF-κB in skin lesions, especially in the dexamethasone group and the high- dose gramine group(P<0.05,P<0.01). ConclusionGramine can inhibit the expression of related inflammatory factors and regulate the immune function of AD mice via the IκBα/NF-κB pathway, enabling it become a potential drug for treating AD.

16.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 321-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989266

ABSTRACT

Fucoidan is a kind of sulfated polysaccharide with various biological activities that mainly exists in the cell walls of brown algae. It is also found in marine invertebrates such as sea cucumbers and sea urchins. Fucoidan has received a lot of attention due to its tumor-killing and immune-boosting properties. Moreover, the combination of fucoidan with chemotherapeutic drugs not only improves antitumor efficacy but also reduces the side effects of these drugs. The function of fucoidan is closely correlated with its structure, molecular weight, degree of sulfation, monosaccharide component, algae source, and time of collection. In this review, the antitumor and immunomodulatory effects of fucoidan are reviewed from the aspects of promoting cell apoptosis, inducing cell cycle arrest, inhibiting angiogenesis and cell migration, and activating immune cells, to provide theoretical guidance for the development and clinical application of fucoidan.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 856-860, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991535

ABSTRACT

Thioredoxin peroxidase (TPx) belongs to the superfamily of peroxiredoxins, which is widely expressed in various growth and development stages of parasites and their excretory secretions. On the one hand, recombinant TPx protein can participate in host immunoregulation; on the other hand, recombinant TPx protein has high sensitivity and specificity as a diagnostic antigen, and can be used for immunodiagnosis of parasitic diseases; in addition, it can also be used as a candidate vaccine molecule for the immunoprophylaxis of parasitic diseases. This paper reviews the research progress on host immunoregulation, immunodiagnosis and immunoprophylaxis by recombinant TPx protein of important human parasites.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 289-293, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931070

ABSTRACT

Glaucoma is an irreversible blinding eye disease caused by the structural and functional damage of optic nerve induced by pathological increase of intraocular pressure (IOP), characterized by multiple causes and strong heterogeneity.The control of IOP to reduce the risk of optic damage has been the main therapeutic strategy of glaucoma for many years.However, in clinical experience, some patients show progress of optic nerve damage despite the effectively controlled IOP, the mechanism of non-IOP-dependent secondary damage is still an urgent problem to be solved and a research hotspot in the pathogenesis of glaucoma.With the continuous innovation of molecular biological technology, breakthroughs have been made in the field of basic research.Partial visual recovery can be boosted by alleviating local immune and inflammatory responses.Due to a lack of symbolic clinical application results, it has become an immediate priority to attach importance to the combination of basic clinical research and facilitate the transformation of results.Starting from the theory of glaucoma-immune inflammation, understanding the importance of the immune homeostasis of eyes, paying close attention to the linkage of eyes and brain in physiopathological process and the progression of diseases in the whole visual pathway, and fully understanding and effectively making good use of the opportunities and implications brought by new techniques will have significant effect in formulating clinical diagnosis and treatment plans.

19.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 150-152, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930392

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a common chronic airway inflammatory disease in children characterized by hyper-responsiveness, airway inflammation, and airway remodeling caused by immune responses.Currently, some limitations of glucocorticoid and allergen-specific immunotherapy restrict their application to asthma treatment.Based on the results of many animal experiments, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are validated to reduce airway inflammation, improve airway hyper-responsiveness, and reverse airway remodeling through immunomodulation.Therefore, it has great application prospects as an effective therapeutic strategy for children with asthma.To explore the value of MSCs in the treatment of asthma, its underlying mechanisms are reviewed in the present study.

20.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 74-76, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930375

ABSTRACT

In recent years, it has been demonstrated in some studies that adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is effective in the treatment of certain steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, including membranous nephropathy, focal segmental glomerular sclerosis, minimal change nephropathy and so forth.ACTH can effectively relieve proteinuria and protect renal function, suggesting that there may be other mechanisms in addition to the adrenocorticotropic effect.This article mainly introduces the biological characteristics of ACTH, in combination with the clinical and basic studies on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome by ACTH, and clarifies several possible mechanisms, in an attempt to provide basis for clinical application.

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