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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(9): 3777-3787, set. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394253

ABSTRACT

Resumo A Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PNPIC) foi publicada há 15 anos e entre 2017 e 2018 passou por dois atos de ampliação, partindo de cinco para 29 modalidades de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares em Saúde (PICS), um aumento de 24 novas práticas no período de um ano. O objetivo deste artigo é compreender as condições para tais transformações ao redor das PICS no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), refletindo como os atores sociais compreendem essas mudanças. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com oito interlocutores/as, analisadas à luz da teoria do campo de Pierre Bourdieu. Os resultados apontam que a ampliação da PNPIC, motivada por atravessamentos político-institucionais, é compreendida em duas matrizes de pensamento que se relacionam com a legitimação cultural e a legitimação científica das PICS nos SUS. Conclui-se que a rápida expansão da PNPIC gerou uma crise no campo, mostrando a necessidade de uma reestruturação dialogada com suas bases sociais.


Abstract The National Policy on Integrative and Complementary Practices (NPICP) was published 15 years ago, and between 2017 and 2018 it saw two phases of growth and increased from 5 to 29 modalities of Integrative and Complementary Practices (ICP), namely an increase of 24 new practices within a year. The scope of this article is to understand the conditions for such transformations in the ICPs in the Unified Health System (SUS), reflecting upon how social actors interpret these changes. Thus, semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight interlocutors, analyzed in the light of Pierre Bourdieu's field theory. The results show that the expansion of the NPICP, motivated by political-institutional factors, is comprehended in two matrices of thought that are related to the cultural and scientific legitimation of the ICPs in the SUS. The conclusion drawn is that the rapid expansion of the NPICP generated a crisis in the field, showing the need for a restructuring dialogue with its social bases.

2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388426

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Los avances de la medicina moderna nos han permitido la subespecialización de diversas áreas, con gran ganancia en múltiples ámbitos, pero adoleciendo a veces de perder la perspectiva del ser humano completo. La salud como la enfermedad suceden a un sujeto que es más que la suma de sus partes. La psiquiatría, especialmente la de enlace, busca integrar las miradas y superar la "falsa escisión" del ser. Logra hacerlo cuando el síntoma inicia en la psiquis. La medicina psicosomática emerge como oportunidad de hacerlo cuando el síntoma/enfermedad se origina en el cuerpo. Se presenta la historia de una persona, que presenta una enfermedad orgánica muy frecuente en nuestros días, abordando lo convencional y clásico, sumando además la mirada psicosomática. Para ello usa las herramientas de la medicina integrativa, específicamente las de la medicina antroposófica y terapia artística de dicha corriente. El objeto de su presentación es mostrar esta mirada de como enfocar a estos paciente y su acompañamiento terapéutico, que intenta reunificar psique-soma como una forma de sanación del Ser. Este enfoque propone un camino concreto, con una mirada y un lenguaje común, entre diversas especialidades, que permita recuperar el lugar de centro de la identidad del ser humano, como ser sujeto a acompañar en salud y enfermedad. Pienso que esto puede tener beneficios en la morbi- mortalidad de los pacientes.


ABSTRACT The advances of modern medicine have allowed us to subspecialize in various areas, with great gain in multiple areas, but sometimes suffering from losing the perspective of the complete human being. Health and illness happen to a subject who is more than the sum of its parts. Liaison Psychiatry seeks to integrate the looks and overcome the "false split" of being. It manages to do it when the symptom starts in the psyche. Psychosomatic medicine emerges as an opportunity to do so when the symptom / illness originates in the body. I present the story of a pathient, who has a very frequent organic disease in our days, addressing the conventional view, and also adding the psychosomatic perspective. For this we use the tools of integrative medicine, specifically those of anthroposophic medicine and artistic therapy. The purpose of his presentation is to show this sight of how to approach these patients and their therapeutic accompaniment, which tries to reunify psyche-somatism as a form of healing of the Being. This approach proposes a concrete path, with a common sight and language, between various specialties, that allows to recover the place of center of the identity of the human being, as being subject to accompany in health and illness. I think this may have benefits in the morbidity and mortality of patients.

3.
Av Enferm ; 40(1): 37-49, 01-01-2022.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1352475

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: To understand the experiences of family members of children with sickle cell disease during transpersonal nursing care meetings mediated by Reiki. Materials and methods: Convergent care research, underpinned by Watson's Theory on Human Care, developed in a health facility for people with sickle cell disease in the state of Bahia, Brazil. The study was carried out from August to October 2016. Interviews with participants took place before and after six sessions of transpersonal care mediated by Reiki with seven family members. Thematic content analysis was applied to the data collected. Results: Participants realized the importance of cultivating self-recognition, identifying their fears and feelings, valuing self-care, reflecting on their health priorities and needs, and recognizing their potential for transforming their practices. After the meetings, feelings emerged towards valuing the self as a person to be cared for, reducing anxiety and stress, reconnecting with beliefs and deities, acceptance of the disease, the role of caregiver and the future, as well as better interaction with family members in order to manage conflicts harmonically. Conclusions: Transpersonal care favors nursing professionals' autonomy to create their own way of thinking and practicing longitudinal care, which can be applied throughout the process of prevention, diagnosis tion of the disease to achieve healing. It is up to these professionals to deepen theoretically on this approach and use the Clinical Caritas Process in the systematization of nursing care.


Objetivo: comprender las vivencias de los familiares de niños con enfermedad falciforme durante encuentros de cuidado transpersonal de enfermería mediados por Reiki. Materiais e métodos: estudio convergente asistencial con base en la Teoría del Cuidado Humano de Watson, desarrollado en un centro de atención en salud para personas con enfermedad falciforme en el estado de Bahía, Brasil, entre agosto y octubre de 2016. Se llevaron a cabo una serie de entrevistas antes y después de seis encuentros de cuidado mediado por Reiki con siete familiares de niños con enfermedad falciforme. La información recopilada fue sometida a análisis de contenido temático. Resultados: los participantes dieron cuenta de la importancia de cultivar el autorreconocimiento, identificar sus miedos y sentimientos, valorar el autocuidado, reflexionar sobre sus prioridades y necesidades de salud y reconocer el potencial de cada uno para transformar sus prácticas de vida. Tras las reuniones surgieron sentimientos de valoración del yo como persona a cuidar, reducción de la ansiedad y el estrés, reconexión con creencias y deidades, aceptación de la enfermedad, reflexión en torno al rol de cuidador y el futuro, así como deseos de una mejor interacción con sus familiares para gestionar eventuales conflictos de forma armónica. Conclusiones: el cuidado transpersonal favorece la autonomía de los profesionales en enfermería para crear su propia forma de concebir y practicar el cuidado longitudinal, el cual puede ser aplicado en todo el proceso de prevención, diagnóstico y rehabilitación del estado patológico a fin de alcanzar la sanación. Así, corresponde a la enfermería profundizar teóricamente en este enfoque y hacer uso del Proceso Clínico Caritas para la sistematización de la atención de enfermería.


Objetivo: compreender as vivências de familiares de crianças com doença falciforme durante os encontros de cuidado transpessoal de Enfermagem mediado pelo Reiki. Materiales y métodos: estudo convergente assistencial, fundamentado na Teoria do Cuidado Humano de Watson desenvolvido em um centro de referência a pessoas com doença falciforme no estado da Bahia, Brasil, entre agosto e outubro de 2016. As entrevistas ocorreram antes e após seis encontros de cuidado mediado pelo Reiki com sete familiares. Os relatos foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados: os participantes perceberam a importância de cultivar o autorreconhecimento, identificar seus temores e sentimentos, valorizar o autocuidado, refletir sobre suas prioridades e necessidades de saúde e reconhecer suas potencialidades para a transformação das suas práticas. Após os encontros, emergiram sensações de valorização do eu enquanto pessoa a ser cuidada, diminuição da ansiedade e do estresse, reconexão com as crenças e as divindades, aceitação da doença, do papel de cuidador e do futuro, bem como melhor interação com familiares de modo a gerir conflitos harmonicamente. Conclusões: o cuidado transpessoal favorece a autonomia das enfermeiras para criar um modo de fazer próprio, permite a prática de um cuidado longitudinal, que pode ser aplicado durante todo o processo de prevenção, diagnóstico e reabilitação do estado de adoecimento, a fim de alcançar o healing. Cabe à enfermagem o aprofundamento teórico e o uso do Clinical Caritas Process na sistematização da assistência de enfermagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies , Nursing Theory , Caregivers , Integrative Medicine , Anemia, Sickle Cell
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(1): 107-114, ene. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389608

ABSTRACT

Background: The incorporation of integrative medicine as a holistic approach increased in medical education. However, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) formal teaching in psychiatry residency programs is limited. Aim: To assess the incorporation of CAM education in different Chilean psychiatry programs and to determine the knowledge and attitudes toward this issue. Material and Methods: An online survey was sent to 80 academic staff from five psychiatry programs. Forty-nine participants answered the survey (61%). Some of the questionnaire topics were the inclusion of CAM content in the program, types of CAM included, and motivation and strategies for the CAM content incorporation in their training curriculum. Results: Most respondents answered that there is no formal CAM content in their program's curriculum. The main topics to incorporate CAM in a psychiatry residency are sleep hygiene, stress management, and motivational interviewing. The lack of knowledge, time constraints, and the limited resources are major barriers to include CAM in their curriculums. Conclusions: Our results suggest that many academic staff of Chilean psychiatry training programs are aware of the importance of having CAM content in their curriculum. However, some barriers hinder their incorporation and implementation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychiatry , Complementary Therapies/education , Internship and Residency , Surveys and Questionnaires , Curriculum , Education, Medical, Graduate
5.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 416-426, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939902

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a rapidly spreading disease that has caused an extensive burden to the world. Consequently, a large number of clinical trials have examined the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treating and preventing COVID-19, with coinciding proliferation of reviews summarizing these studies.@*OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the methodological quality and evidence quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses on the efficacy of TCM.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#Seven electronic databases, including PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP, Wanfang Data and SinoMed, were searched for systematic reviews and meta-analyses in October 2021. Search terms such as "Chinese medicine," "Lianhua Qingwen" and "COVID-19" were used.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials that evaluated the efficacy of TCM treatment of COVID-19 were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews Version 2.0 (AMSTAR 2) was used to evaluate the methodological quality. The quality of evidence was graded using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Data extraction and analysis were performed by two reviewers independently.@*RESULTS@#There were 17 meta-analyses included in our overview. The intervention group was defined as TCM combined with Western medicine, while the control group was Western medicine alone. The methodological quality of all the included studies was moderate to poor. A total of 89 outcome indicators were evaluated, of which, 8 were rated as moderate quality, 39 as low quality, and 41 as very low quality. Only one outcome measure was graded as being of high quality. The moderate quality of evidence indicated that, for the treatment of COVID-19, the clinical efficacy of TCM in combination with Western medicine was better, in terms of lung recovery, rate of conversion to severe/critical cases, symptom scores, duration of symptoms, mortality, and length of hospital stay.@*CONCLUSION@#Evidence from the included studies shows that, compared with conventional Western medical therapy alone, the addition of TCM to COVID-19 treatment may improve clinical outcomes. Overall, the quality of evidence of TCM for COVID-19 was moderate to poor. Meta-analyses of the use of TCM in the treatment of COVID-19 can be used for clinical decision making by accounting for the experiences of clinical experts, medical policies, and other factors.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
6.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 281-283, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939885

ABSTRACT

Music therapy is an integrative oncology practice that has been rapidly emerging, over the past two decades, as a field of its own, clinically and academically. The randomized controlled trials that evaluate the clinical impact of music therapy are growing in number, and at the same time, there has been progress in understanding the neurobiological mechanisms that underly the beneficial effects of music therapy. Cultural background and autobiographical memories may uniquely influence music perception and cognition. It is vital to personalize music therapy because music preferences are unique; one size does not fit all. Cognitive music science studies and clinical music therapy trials that study individualized music choices will serve as a vital step forward in providing patient-directed personalized integrative cancer care. The field of music therapy is advancing, and its ability to improve a patient's quality of life can be understood only through robust, personalized, evidence-based initiatives that focus on research, advocacy, education, and delivery of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Integrative Oncology , Music/psychology , Music Therapy , Neoplasms/therapy , Quality of Life
7.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 46(2): e056, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365625

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Introdução: O curso de graduação em Medicina expõe os alunos a uma quantidade significativa de estresse, o que pode gerar consequências negativas para o aprendizado, a motivação e o contato com os pacientes. A falta de empatia na relação médico-paciente pode dificultar a adesão ao tratamento e os resultados nele. Algumas técnicas e práticas de medicina integrativa (mente e corpo) têm sido indicadas para auxiliar no manejo e na redução do estresse. Essas intervenções que envolvem práticas de meditação e que já são utilizadas em escolas médicas podem auxiliar no desenvolvimento da empatia e na visão da integralidade do cuidado. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o efeito de um programa de Redução de Estresse e Desenvolvimento da Empatia na Medicina (Redemed©) no nível de empatia de estudantes de graduação em Medicina. Método: O programa foi composto por oito encontros de duas horas cada, envolvendo práticas de meditação, posturas de ioga e atividades de grupo direcionadas ao aperfeiçoamento de interações interpessoais. O grupo intervenção foi composto por 47 alunos, e o grupo controle, por 40 estudantes. Utilizou-se a Escala Jefferson de Empatia Médica, versão para estudantes (JSPE-S), para avaliar o nível de empatia antes e depois da intervenção. Resultado: O aumento do nível de empatia no grupo que recebeu a intervenção foi significativo quando comparado ao grupo controle (p: 0,000). Conclusão: A participação no programa Redemed© se mostrou eficaz no aumento da empatia entre estudantes de graduação de um curso de Medicina.


Abstract: Introduction: The undergraduate medical course exposes students to a significant amount of stress, which can have negative consequences for learning, motivation and contact with patients. Lack of empathy in the doctor-patient relationship can hinder adherence and treatment results. Some techniques and practices of integrative medicine (mind and body) have been indicated as aiding the management and reduction of stress. These interventions that involve meditation practices, and which are already used in medical schools, can help in the development of empathy and in the vision of comprehensive care. Objective: Investigate the effect of the Stress Reduction and Empathy Development in Medicine Program (REDEMED©) on empathy levels in undergraduate medical students. Method: The program consisted of eight 2-hour sessions with practices involving meditation, yoga postures, and group activities aimed at improving interpersonal interactions. The intervention group consisted of 47 students and the control group 40 students. Empathy was evaluated before and after intervention using the Jefferson Scale of Empathy - version for medical students (JSE-S). Result: Empathy level significantly increased in the group who received intervention compared to the control group (p: 0.000). Conclusion: Participation in the REDEMED© program showed an increase in empathy in undergraduate medical students.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928967

ABSTRACT

Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common disorders that are characterized by persistent and recurring gastrointestinal symptoms. Many patients with FGIDs have overlapping symptoms, which impaired the quality of life and ability to work of patients, and left a considerable impact on health-care systems and society. Chinese medicines (CMs) are commonly utilized by many patients with FGIDs. This article discusses the current status of diagnosis and treatment of FGIDs, the advantages and characteristics of CM treatment, and how integrated medicine can make a breakthrough in FGIDs diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomedical Research , China , Gastrointestinal Diseases/therapy , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Prevalence , Quality of Life
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 26(9): 4217-4232, set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339601

ABSTRACT

Resumo A Política Nacional de Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PNPIC) foi publicada no Brasil em 2006. As práticas corporais integrativas fazem parte desta política e estão presentes nos serviços de saúde brasileiros. Embora oficializado, o conceito de Práticas Corporais Integrativas não está consolidado na literatura e seu emprego em documentos governamentais é impreciso. Assim, o objetivo deste artigo foi propor uma definição baseada na experiência de grupos de Práticas Corporais Integrativas vinculados à Atenção Básica em Florianópolis-SC, bem como oferecer uma alternativa aos problemas de registro e monitoramento da PNPIC. A metodologia adotada foi a Grounded Theory (GT) - perspectiva interpretativa e construtivista -, sobre a qual uma teoria formal foi desenvolvida. Os dados foram produzidos em observações de atividades, conversas com profissionais e entrevistas com usuárias de grupos de Yoga, Lian Gong, Qi Gong e Danças Circulares, e posteriormente codificados, validados e analisados conforme os passos previstos pela GT. O processo de formulação conceitual resultou da articulação dos sentidos atribuídos pelos participantes em contraste com a literatura. Por meio deste movimento analítico, foi possível delinear o fenômeno e propor uma designação alinhada à PNPIC.


Abstract The Brazilian National Policy on Integrative and Complementary Practices (PNPIC) was published in 2006. Integrative mind-body practices are part of that policy and they are offered in Brazilian health care services. The concept of Integrative Mind-Body Practices is not consolidated in the literature and its use in government documents is imprecise. The article aimed at proposing a definition for that concept based on the experience of groups of Integrative Mind-Body Practices in Primary Health Care in Florianópolis, Brazil, as well as offering an alternative to the problems of registration and monitoring of the PNPIC. The methodology adopted was Grounded Theory (GT) in its interpretative and constructivist perspective, upon which a formal theory was developed. The data were produced through observations of the activities, conversations with professionals, and interviews with users of groups of Yoga, Lian Gong, Qi Gong, and Circular Dances. The data were coded, validated, and analyzed according to GT steps. The process of devising the concept resulted from the interconnection of the meanings ascribed by participants in contrast to the literature. This analysis enabled us to outline the phenomenon and propose a designation aligned with the PNPIC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies , Primary Health Care , Brazil
10.
Distúrb. comun ; 33(1): 68-80, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1399945

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar na literatura científica as publicações relacionadas à temática das Práticas Integrativas e Complementares em Saúde (PICS) associadas à Fonoaudiologia, por intermédio de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa realizada em seis bases de dados, nos quais se fez uma leitura e análise crítica dos estudos publicados entre 2014 e 2019, utilizando-se a combinação dos descritores "Terapias Complementares'', "Medicina Integrativa'', "Saúde Holística'', "Fonoaudiologia'', "Audiologia'', "Sistema Estomatognático'', "Transtornos da Deglutição'', "Linguagem'' e "Voz'', nos idiomas português, espanhol e inglês. Critérios de seleção: artigos compreendidos no período de 2014 a 2019, cuja coleta de dados fora realizada por dois pesquisadores independentes, ao analisar descritores, títulos, resumos e posteriormente artigos na íntegra. Resultados: Elegeu-se 14 publicações para compor esta revisão, divididas nas categorias: idade, local, principais patologias, PICS mais utilizadas, tipos de estudo e ano de publicação. Observou-se predomínio de estudos de intervenção, realizados em hospitais, com ênfase na população adulta e idosa, sendo a acupuntura a PIC mais utilizada em pacientes disfágicos e afásicos pós Acidente Vascular Encefálico. Conclusão: As PICS são aplicadas na reabilitação de pacientes com alterações neurológicas, miofuncionais e auditivas. Os ganhos ponderados não abrangem apenas a funcionalidade, como também, a qualidade de vida dos pacientes submetidos às terapias alternativas.


Objetivo: Investigar en la literatura científica publicaciones relacionadas con el tema de las Prácticas Integradoras y Complementaria en Salud (PICS) asociadas con la Fonoaudiología, a través de una revisión de literatura integradora. Metodología: Esta es una revisión integradora realizada en seis bases de datos, en la que se realizó una lectura crítica y un análisis de los estudios publicados entre 2014 y 2019, utilizando la combinación de los descriptores "Terapias complementarias", " 'Medicina integradora", "Salud holística", "Terapia del habla", "Audiología", "Sistema estomatognático", "Trastornos de la deglución", "Lenguaje" y "Voz" en portugués, español e inglés. Criterios de selección: artículos comprendidos entre 2014 y 2019, cuya recopilación de datos fue realizada por dos investigadores independientes, al analizar descriptores, títulos, resúmenes y artículos posteriores en su totalidad. Resultados: se eligieron 14 publicaciones para componer esta revisión, divididas en las categorías: edad, ubicación, principales patologías, PICS más utilizados, tipos de estudio y año de publicación. Hubo un predominio de los estudios de intervención realizados en hospitales, con énfasis en la población adulta y anciana, siendo la acupuntura la ICP más utilizada en pacientes con disfagia y afasia después de un accidente cerebrovascular. Conclusión: los PICS se aplican en la rehabilitación de pacientes con trastornos neurológicos, miofuncionales y auditivos. Las ganancias ponderadas no solo cubren la funcionalidad, sino también la calidad de vida de los pacientes sometidos a terapias alternativas.


Purpose: To investigate in the scientific literature the publications related to the thematic of the Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAMs) associated with Speech Therapy, through an integrative review of the literature. Methodology: This is an integrative review carried out in six scientific databases in which a reading and critical analysis of the studies published between 2014 and 2019 was done, using the descriptors "Complementary Therapies'', "Integrative Medicine'', "Holistic Health'', "Speech Therapy'', "Audiology'', "Stomatognathic System", "Deglutition Disorders'', "Language'' and "Voice'' in Portuguese, Spanish and English. Selection criteria: articles comprised from 2014 to 2019, whose data collection was carried out by two independent researchers, analyzing descriptors, titles, abstracts and posteriorly full articles. Results: We selected 14 publications that were chosen to compose this review. The articles were divided into the following categories: age, location, main pathologies, most used CAMs, study types and year of publication. We observed a predominance of intervention studies performed in hospitals, with emphasis on the adult and elderly population, with acupuncture being the most commonly used CAMS in dysphagic and aphasic patients after stroke. Conclusion: CAMs are applied in the rehabilitation of patients with neurological, myofunctional, auditory alterations. The gains do not only cover functionality but also the quality of life of patients undergoing alternative therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Complementary Therapies/methods , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Quality of Life/psychology , Data Collection , Health Promotion
11.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 389-394, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888769

ABSTRACT

Clinical trial outcome reporting differs between studies integrating traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and Western medicine, so that some clinical trials are not eligible for inclusion in a systematic review. The excluded studies are therefore less widely disseminated, and even valid studies are less likely to yield impact. This problem may be addressed by developing core outcome sets (COSs) for integrative medicine in specific healthcare areas. The first stage of development is to define the scope of the COS for integrative medicine, the second stage is to establish the need for such a COS, and the third stage is to develop a protocol and register the COS. The final stage involves three steps: (i) development of a comprehensive list of outcomes (including efficacy outcomes and safety outcomes and TCM syndromes) using systematic review, qualitative or cross-sectional research, and reviews of package inserts and medical records; (ii) merging and grouping of outcomes within domains; (iii) conducting two rounds of Delphi survey and consensus meetings with a range of stakeholders. The final COS will include a general COS and core TCM syndrome- set. Development of COSs for clinical trials of integrative medicine may help to standardize outcome reporting and reduce publication bias in the future.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Delphi Technique , Endpoint Determination , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design , Treatment Outcome
12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 340-346, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study explored the correlations between the use of complementary and integrative therapies (CITs) and symptoms among Turkish patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF).@*METHODS@#This is a cross-sectional and descriptive study. The study was conducted with 1119 FMF patients who were registered to the social networking site for Behcet's and the FMF Patients Association (Befemder) in Turkey, between January 2018 and February 2019. Data were collected using an online survey, for which a three-part questionnaire was created using a Google form. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the data.@*RESULTS@#It was determined that 53.2% of the individuals who participated in the research used various forms of CITs and that 32.8% used vitamin and mineral supplements (calcium, iron, and vitamin B12, C and D), 25.0% used nutritional supplements (fish oil and honey), and 24.6% used oral herbs (ginger, turmeric, green tea and rosemary) and mind-body methods (relaxation, respiration exercise and meditation). It was determined that the percentage of participants that used CITs was higher among women (odds ratio [OR] = 1.825; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.421-2.344), those with joint pain (OR = 1.385; 95% CI 1.047-1.832), those with difficulty breathing (OR = 1.323; 95% CI 1.031-1.697), those with gastrointestinal symptoms (OR = 1.405; 95% CI 1.089-1.814) and those who had a family member with FMF (OR = 1.437; 95% CI 1.115-1.851).@*CONCLUSION@#More than half of the individuals used at least one type of CIT for symptom control.


Subject(s)
Behcet Syndrome , Cross-Sectional Studies , Familial Mediterranean Fever/therapy , Female , Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires , Turkey
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888680

ABSTRACT

Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) is a pathological state which presents with a spectrum of renal lesions. MGRS is characterized by pathogenic monoclonal immunoglobulins or light chains produced by a premalignant plasma cell or B cell clone. In view of inadequate understanding in the past, the low detection rate of MGRS often results in poor outcomes and reduces quality of life of patients. Thus, MGRS stands for a group of clinical refractory renal diseases. To date, no standard treatment strategy for MGRS is available. Current consensus suggests a clone-directed approach that aims to eradicate the offending clone, but its long-term prognosis is not clear. In this article, we discuss the diagnostic methods, highlight treatment advances, and introduce integrated Chinese and Western medicine in the management of MGRS.

14.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 45: e48, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251988

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Every day there is criticism about lack of evidence on traditional, complementary, and integrative medicine (TCIM). But is this narrative evidence-based? Are we really missing research about TCIM? Or are we just not looking correctly at the evidence? Evidence maps are a useful method with the dual function of synthesizing available evidence on a specific topic and identifying knowledge gaps. This article presents a six-step evidence map methodology along with recently published TCIM evidence maps, including one related to COVID-19. TCIM evidence maps are useful instruments to inform decision-making for policymakers, health practitioners, and patients.


RESUMEN Es habitual que se critique la falta de evidencia con respecto a las medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integrativas. Sin embargo, ¿se basa en la evidencia este discurso? ¿Falta realmente investigación sobre las medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integrativas o es que simplemente no estamos analizando la evidencia de forma adecuada? Los mapas de evidencia son un método útil que tiene una función doble: sintetizar la evidencia disponible por temas específicos y determinar si hay alguna laguna en el conocimiento. En este artículo se presenta una metodología de elaboración de mapas de la evidencia en seis pasos, junto con los mapas de la evidencia de las medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integrativas publicados recientemente, incluido un mapa sobre la COVID-19. Los mapas de la evidencia de las medicinas tradicionales, complementarias e integrativas son instrumentos útiles para fundamentar la toma de decisiones por parte de los encargados de las políticas, el personal de salud y los pacientes.


RESUMO A crítica é diária de que faltam evidências em medicinas tradicionais, complementares e integrativas (MTCI). Mas será que esta narrativa se baseia em evidências? Realmente faltam pesquisas em MTCI? Ou será que simplesmente não estamos atentando corretamente às evidências? Os mapas de evidências consistem em uma metodologia útil de dupla função: sintetizar as evidências existentes em um determinado tópico e identificar as lacunas de conhecimento. Neste artigo é apresentada uma metodologia de mapa de evidências de seis passos junto com mapas de evidências de MTCI recém-publicados, incluindo um relacionado à COVID-19. Os mapas de evidências de MTCI são instrumentos úteis para subsidiar a tomada de decisão dos responsáveis por políticas, profissionais da saúde e pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies , Evidence-Based Medicine , Integrative Medicine , Systematic Reviews as Topic , COVID-19
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880994

ABSTRACT

Among adolescents, the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has recently increased. A 12-year-old Chinese boy with a one-year history of hyperphagia presented to our clinic. The patient was diagnosed with T2DM one month prior to visiting the clinic and reported undergoing no pharmacologic treatment. Using an integrative medicine approach, including Chinese herbal decoction, berberine hydrochloride tablets, physical exercise and diet control, the patient's fasting blood glucose (FBG) decreased from 8.3 mmol/L to 5.5 mmol/L. Additionally, his glycated haemoglobin decreased from 12.9% to 6.1%, indicating that without any Western medicine intervention his diabetes has been reversed after six months of treatment. His FBG remained normal, and nine months after completion of treatment it was 4.9 mmol/L. A potential mechanism in this response may be related to improved insulin resistance and β-cell function, as indicated by observed changes in homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and β-cell function. Further, weight loss may also have contributed to the effectiveness of the treatment. This case study is the first to present the innovative approach of integrative medicine to achieve remission of new-onset adolescent T2DM.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922570

ABSTRACT

Convergence of principles of palliative care and integrative medicine has led to the introduction of the new practice of integrative palliative care in which integrative therapies (including mind-body modalities, traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, and dietary supplements) are used to provide symptom management for patients who are dying or experiencing the sequelae of serious illness and its treatment. We propose an East-West Integrative palliative care model using non-drug therapies, such as acupuncture, diet, exercise, and stress management that shift the paradigm from suppressing the symptoms of illness to addressing both the root cause of the symptoms and the imbalance and declining homeostatic reserve that perpetuate these symptoms. This whole-person model expands the reach of palliative care, prolonging a better quality of life and allowing the patient to maintain as many activities as possible by preventing symptoms and improving function. Through this approach we reframe the dialogue such that patients are "living better" rather than "dying better" when faced with serious illness or death. In this article, we provide an overview of the principles of palliative care, integrative medicine, and the novel area of integrative palliative care, and propose an East-West integrative palliative care model that incorporates and broadens the scope of these existing approaches.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Palliative Care , Quality of Life
17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-203093

ABSTRACT

While the use of Traditional, Complimentary, and Integrative Medicine (TCIM) is substantial, it continues to existat the periphery of allopathic medicine. This article provides a global scenario with the strengths and weaknesses of the present health care systems. Availability, affordability, and accessibility of healthcare coupledwith uneven growth and the double burden of diseases have become major concerns around the globe. Thisarticle emphasizes the need for mindset change from illness-disease-drug centric curative to person-healthwellness centric preventive and promotive approaches. It highlights the innovation deficit faced by conventionalallopathic medicine and delineates the significant benefits of the integration of conventional medicine withtraditional, complementary and integrative therapies in the medical curriculum.Medical heterogeneity is a rising trend, and people are trying to explore various options, including allopathic,complementary, and alternative medicine. In such a situation, knowledge from Yoga, Ayurveda, TraditionalChinese medicine/Acupuncture, and Homeopathy may play a vital role. We can progress with an appropriatemodel by integrating allopathic medicine with traditional medicine systems for affordable health care. Severalmedical scientists have contributed positive reflections and benefits of integrative approaches to health. Theseprovide not only clear insight into the historical roots of the healing traditions of traditional and complementary medicine, but also into the entire concept of integrative approaches to health.

18.
Int J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2020 Apr; 12(4): 1-5
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206071

ABSTRACT

In India, according to WHO 2018 statistics, there were 63% of death occurred due to Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), in which Cardiovascular diseases were leading cause of death 27%, followed by Cancer 9%, Chronic respiratory disease 11%, Diabetes 3% and other NCDs 13%. This indicates that NCDs needs to become a priority in controlling and preventing. Therefore, the only effective intervention may be at controlling and preventing NCDs disease is Integrative Medicine. Integrative Medicine is a medical practice synthesizing Traditional medicine and Biomedicine preventive measures and treatment interventions. Autonomy of patients may end in no benefit out of their ignorance to select between the treatment options available in a country like India where Seven Recognized medical systems are available as a platter. Siddha system of medicine is one of the traditional medicines of India, practiced in the southern part of the country. This study aims at providing Health care system under one roof, in order to save public money, time and health as an existing model as co-location in Tamil Nadu. This can be achieved through assessing feasible areas of integration in the Siddha system of medicine with biomedicine. So the study deals with the utilization of Siddha system of medicine, scientific validation of Siddha medicines, Siddha medicine research undertaken by biomedical practitioners and some government policies supporting mainstreaming of Siddha.

19.
J Ayurveda Integr Med ; 2020 Apr; 11(2): 110-113
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214123

ABSTRACT

A 57 years old male patient was admitted to an inpatient Naturopathy and Yoga (N&Y) hospital, diagnosed with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) for one year and co-morbid type 2 diabetes (T2DM) for 10 years,associated with poor quality of life (QoL). He was administered N&Y therapies for 10 days, along withconventional medicines. There was improved QoL and reduced dosage of insulin, along with reduction inbody weight. These changes were sustained and improved further during the 60-day follow-up period.Although there was no improvement in the skin lesions, the improvement in QoL indicate a possible roleof N&Y in management of PV and T2DM. This case report also warrants further studies for N&Y in themanagement of dermatological conditions as well as metabolic syndrome.© 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Institute of Transdisciplinary Health Sciencesand Technology and World Ayurveda Foundation. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-NDlicense (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

20.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 145, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1145061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze the costs of a specialized service in Traditional Complementary and Integrative Medicines (TCIM) in Northeast Brazil to provide data on the cost linked to the implementation and maintenance of services of this nature and to identify the average cost per user for the Unified Health System. METHODS This is a partial, descriptive, quantitative economic assessment, which used secondary data, later grouped in Microsoft Excel spreadsheets. The method used to analyze such costs was absorption costing, from which the service was divided into three costing centers: productive, administrative and auxiliary. RESULTS After analyzing the data, the total cost of the service in 2014 was estimated at R$ 1,270,015.70, with a proportion of 79.69% of direct costs. The average cost per user in this period was R$ 36.79, considering the total of 34,521 users in individual and collective practices. CONCLUSIONS The service has a cost per user compatible with a specialized service; however, TCIM offers a comprehensive and holistic approach, which can have a positive impact on quality of life.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar os custos de um serviço especializado em Medicinas Tradicionais Complementares e Integrativas (MTCI) no Nordeste brasileiro, com o intuito de fornecer dados sobre o custo atrelado à implantação e manutenção de serviços dessa natureza e identificar o custo médio por usuário para o Sistema Único de Saúde. MÉTODOS Trata-se de uma avaliação econômica do tipo parcial, com caráter descritivo, de natureza quantitativa, que utilizou dados secundários, posteriormente agrupados em planilhas do Microsoft Excel. O método utilizado para analisar tais custos foi o de custeio por absorção, a partir do qual o serviço foi dividido em três centros de custeio: produtivo, administrativo e auxiliar. RESULTADOS Após a análise dos dados, o custo total do serviço em 2014 foi estimado em R$ 1.270.015,70, com proporção de 79,69% de custos diretos. O custo médio por usuário neste período foi R$ 36,79, considerando o total de 34.521 usuários em práticas individuais e coletivas. CONCLUSÕES O serviço apresenta um custo por usuário compatível com um serviço especializado, contudo, as MTCI oferecem abordagem compreensiva e holística, as quais podem impactar de forma positiva a qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Complementary Therapies/economics , Integrative Medicine/economics , Hospital Units/economics , Medicine, Traditional/economics , Brazil , Costs and Cost Analysis
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