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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(6): 557-562, June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393969

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Smoking has been considered to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, cancer, depression and other diseases in previous reports, and active smoking is considered to be a risk factor for hemorrhagic stroke. In addition, a retrospective study showed that male smokers were at increased risk of bleeding from arteriovenous malformation (AVM), compared with non-smokers. However, the effect of passive smoking on rupturing of cerebral AVM in non-smoking women has not been addressed. Objective This study aimed to assess the impact of tobacco exposure on AVM bleeding risk in non-smoking women. Methods A total of 393 non-smoking women diagnosed with AVM were included. They were divided into a bleeding group (205 women) and a non-bleeding group (188 women). We conducted univariate and multivariate analysis on these two groups. In univariate analysis, risk factors that might be related to AVM bleeding were analyzed. In multivariate analysis, the relationship between passive smoking and AVM rupture was analyzed by correcting confounding factors. Results Multivariate analysis showed that the proportion of passive smoking was statistically different between the bleeding group and the non-bleeding group (OR = 1.609; CI = 1.031-2.509; p = 0.036). Conclusion Passive smoking may increase the risk of AVM bleeding in non-smoking women. This increased risk may be related to the inflammatory response, vascular wall damage, hemodynamic disorders, changes in atherosclerosis and changes in gene expression caused by passive smoking.


RESUMO Antecedentes O tabagismo tem sido considerado fator de risco para doenças cardiovasculares, câncer, depressão e outras doenças em relatos anteriores, e o tabagismo ativo é considerado fator de risco para acidente vascular cerebral hemorrágico. Além disso, um estudo retrospectivo mostrou que os fumantes do sexo masculino apresentavam risco aumentado de sangramento por malformação arteriovenosa (MAV), em comparação com os não fumantes. No entanto, o efeito do tabagismo passivo na ruptura da MAV cerebral em mulheres não fumantes não foi abordado. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o impacto da exposição ao tabaco no risco de sangramento de MAV em mulheres não fumantes. Métodos Foram incluídas 393 mulheres não fumantes diagnosticadas com MAV. Elas foram divididas em um grupo com sangramento (205 mulheres) e um grupo sem sangramento (188 mulheres). Realizamos análise univariada e multivariada nesses dois grupos. Na análise univariada, foram analisados ​​os fatores de risco que podem estar relacionados ao sangramento de MAV. Na análise multivariada, a relação entre tabagismo passivo e ruptura de MAV foi analisada por meio da correção de fatores de confusão. Resultados A análise multivariada mostrou que a proporção de tabagismo passivo foi estatisticamente diferente entre o grupo com sangramento e o grupo sem sangramento (OR = 1,609; IC = 1,031-2,509; p = 0,036). Conclusão O tabagismo passivo pode aumentar o risco de sangramento de MAV em mulheres não fumantes. Esse risco aumentado pode estar relacionado à resposta inflamatória, danos na parede vascular, distúrbios hemodinâmicos, alterações na aterosclerose e alterações na expressão gênica causadas pelo tabagismo passivo.

2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(1): 3-12, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360141

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The correlation between angioarchitecture and clinical presentation of brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) remains a subject of debate. Objective: The main purpose of the present study was to assess the correlation between angioarchitectural characteristics of bAVM and clinical presentation. Methods: A retrospective review of all consecutive patients presenting a bAVM who underwent a cerebral angiography at Beneficencia Portuguesa Hospital in São Paulo between January 2006 and October 2016 was carried out. Patients were divided in five groups: group 1 - hemorrhage; group 2 - seizure; group 3 - headache; group 4 - progressive neurological deficits (PND); group 5 - incidental). Results: A total of 183 patients were included, with group 1 comprising 56 cases, group 2 49 cases, group 3 41 cases, group 4 28 cases, and group 5 9 cases. Regarding hemorrhage presentation, a statistical correlation was observed with female gender (P < 0.02), Spetzler-Martin 3B (P < .0015), and lesions with low flow (P < 0.04). A positive association was found between group 2 and age less than 36 years (P < 0.001), male sex (P < 0.018), presence of superficial lesions not classified as SM 3B (P < 0.002), presence of venous ectasia (p <0.03), and arterial steal phenomenon (P < 0.03). Group 4 was associated with older age (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Angioarchitectural characteristics can be correlated with some clinical presentations as well as with some clinical data, making it possible to create predictive models to differentiate clinical presentations.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A correlação entre a angioarquitetura e a apresentação clínica da Malformação Arteriovenosa do cérebro (MAVc) permanece um assunto de debate. Objetivos: Correlacionar as características angioarquiteturais das MAVc com a apresentação clínica. Métodos: Estudou-se pacientes consecutivos atendidos no Hospital Beneficência Portuguesa-SP, entre 2006 a 2016. Após análise geral, criaram-se cinco grupos de acordo com a apresentação clínica: 1- Hemorragia; 2 - Epilepsia; 3 - Cefaléia; 4 - Déficit Neurológico Progressivo (DNP) e 5 - Incidental. Características epidemiológicas (clínica e topografia) e angioarquiteturais (Classificação de Spetzler-Martin Modificada - SMM; Fluxo intranidal; Aneurismas arteriais, intranidais e venosos; Ectasia venosa; Congestão venosa; "Roubo" arterial; Vascularização dural; Drenagem Venosa Profunda) foram analisadas. Resultados: 183 pacientes foram incluídos e analisados globalmente. Após essa etapa, foram divididos nos grupos: 1 - 56 casos (30,6%); 2 - 49 casos (26,7%); 3 - 41 casos (22,4%); 4 - 28 casos (15,3%) e 5 - 9 casos (4,9%). Principais achados foram referentes a apresentação hemorrágica, na qual observamos correlação estatística positiva com o sexo feminino (P<0,02), lesões classificadas como SMM 3B (P<0,0015) e baixo fluxo (P<0,04). Relacionado à epilepsia, encontramos significância estatística que possibilitou a correlação com pacientes com idade inferior a 36 anos (P<0,001), sexo masculino (P<0,018), lesões superficiais (P<0,002), presença de ectasia venosa (P<0,003) e "roubo" arterial (P<0,01). Pacientes com DNP se apresentam com idade superior aos demais (P<0,01). Conclusões: Após análise multivariada, foi possível separar as MAV em grupos de acordo com as características angioarquiteturais, comprovando que algumas dessas características estão fortemente relacionadas a determinada manifestação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations/complications , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Brain , Brazil , Cerebral Angiography , Retrospective Studies
3.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 816-821, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in the diagnosis of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF).Methods:Patients with DAVF confirmed by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in Weihai Municipal Hospital from January 2014 to January 2021 were retrospectively included. All patients underwent conventional T 1-weighted imaging (T 1WI), T 2-weighted imaging (T 2WI) and SWI, and some patients also underwent 3D time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (3D-TOF-MRA). Results:A total of 36 patients with DAVF were enrolled, 29 of them received 3D-TOF-MRA. The fistula location of 24 patients (24/36, 66.7%) underwent SWI and 26 patients (26/29, 89.7%) underwent 3D-TOF-MRA were correctly judged, and the difference was statistically significant (Fisher's Exact Test, P=0.039). SWI showed that the proportion of patients with thickened supply arteries (7/36, 19.4%) was significantly lower than that on 3D-TOF-MRA (14/29, 48.3%; χ2=6.105, P=0.013). T 2WI, 3D-TOF-MRA and SWI showed no cerebral venous abnormalities in all 7 patients with DAVF without cortical venous reflux; in 29 patients with DAVF with cortical venous reflux revealed by DSA, SWI and T 2WI showed all patients (100%) and 26 patients (89.7%) had superficial venous dilatation respectively, but there was no significant difference ( χ2=0.693, P=0.405). SWI showed medullary vein dilation in 17 patients (47.2%), and only 2 patients (5.6%) had medullary vein thickening on T 2WI, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). The proportion of patients with venous cerebral infarction on T 2WI was significantly higher than that on SWI (22.2% vs. 0%; Fisher’s Exact Test P=0.005), and the proportion of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage on SWI was significantly higher than that on T 2WI (61.1% vs. 25.0%; χ2=9.574, P=0.004). Conclusion:SWI is helpful to evaluate the abnormal drainage vein of DAVF and the secondary changes in brain, especially intracerebral hemorrhage.

4.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 61-65, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929884

ABSTRACT

Brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) is a common cerebrovascular disease in clinical practice. Compared with adults, children with bAVM are more prone to rupture and bleeding, and have a higher mortality and disability. Therefore, it is very important to accurately evaluate the bleeding risk of children with bAVM and reasonably select intervention measures to improve the prognosis. The treatment methods of children with bAVM mainly include conservative treatment, microsurgical treatment, endovascular embolization, stereotactic radiosurgery, and multimodal combined treatment. At present, the treatment indications and specific treatment options for children with bAVM are controversial.

5.
Horiz. med. (Impresa) ; 21(2)abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1506300

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir las características clínico-epidemiológicas y el manejo de las malformaciones arteriovenosas cerebrales (MAVc) en pacientes atendidos en el Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño San Borja (INSN-SB). Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo en pacientes con malformaciones arteriovenosas cerebrales atendidos en el Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño San Borja entre 2015-2017. Los datos fueron procesados y analizados en el programa SPSS versión 22. Las variables cualitativas se expresaron en frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: Se identificaron 41 malformaciones arteriovenosas cerebrales. La mayoría se presentó en el grupo etario entre los 6 y 12 años (56,10 %) y en el sexo femenino (65,90 %). La ruptura de las malformaciones ocurrió en el 80,49 % de casos, y el 92,70 % de los pacientes tuvo cefalea como manifestación clínica predominante. Las localizaciones más frecuentes fueron el lóbulo frontal (36,60 %) y el hemisferio cerebral izquierdo (51,20 %). El grado más común de las malformaciones arteriovenosas cerebrales fue el III (43,90 %) de la clasificación de Spetzler-Martin. La embolización fue el tratamiento empleado con mayor frecuencia (39 %) y la mortalidad alcanzó el 2,40 %. Conclusiones: Los grupos que presentan malformaciones arteriovenosas cerebrales con mayor frecuencia son las mujeres y los pacientes entre 6 y 12 años. Un poco más de la mitad de los pacientes tuvieron ruptura de la lesión. La cefalea es el síntoma predominante y las malformaciones más frecuentes corresponden al grado III de la escala de Spetzler-Martin. La embolización es el método quirúrgico más empleado y la mortalidad fue baja.


Objective: To describe the clinical-epidemiological characteristics and management of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM) in patients treated at the Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño San Borja (INSN-SB). Materials and methods: A retrospective and descriptive study conducted in patients with AVM treated at the INSN-SB between 2015 and 2017. Data was processed and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics statistical software version 22. The qualitative variables were expressed in absolute and relative frequencies. Results: Forty-one (41) AVM cases were identified, being more frequent in the age group between 6 and 12 years (56.10 %) and in females (65.90 %). Ruptured AVM occurred in 80.49 % of the patients and 92.70 % claimed that headache was the most frequent clinical manifestation. The anatomical areas with the highest occurrence of AVM were the frontal lobe (36.60 %) and the left cerebral hemisphere (51.20 %). Grade III AVM was the most common one (43.90 %) according to the Spetzler-Martin grading scale. The most frequently used treatment was embolization (39 %) and mortality accounted for 2.40 %. Conclusions: AVM most frequently occurred in females and patients between 6 and 12 years old. A little more than half of the patients had a ruptured AVM. Headache was the predominant symptom of this disease. Most patients showed grade III AVM according to the Spetzler-Martin grading scale. Embolization was the most frequently used surgical method and the mortality rate was low.

6.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 35(1): 22-29, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-989194

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las manifestaciones clínicas de las malformaciones vasculares intracraneanas en niños incluyen las derivadas de sangrados, así como las hemodinámicas que dependen del tamaño de la malformación. Algunas pueden consumir un alto porcentaje del gasto cardiaco, y llevar a falla cardiaca o a hipertensión pulmonar derivada del hiperflujo. Se presenta el caso de un lactante con hipertensión pulmonar y falla cardiaca que fue diagnosticada tardíamente, aunque con corrección endovascular dentro de la edad recomendada y buen desenlace neurológico. Se enfatiza en la necesidad de considerar las malformaciones vasculares intracraneales dentro del diagnóstico diferencial de niños con hipertensión pulmonar que no responden al tratamiento.


SUMMARY Clinical manifestations of intracranial vascular malformations in children include those derived from bleeding, as well as hemodynamic problems due to the size of some large malformations These may consume a high percentage of cardiac output, leading to heart failure, or pulmonary hypertension. We present the case of an infant with pulmonary hypertension and heart failure who was diagnosed late, but with endovascular correction within the recommended age, and had good neurological outcome. Emphasis is placed on the need to consider intracranial vascular malformations within the differential diagnosis of children with pulmonary hypertension who do not respond to treatment.


Subject(s)
Pediatrics , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations , Embolization, Therapeutic , Heart Failure , Hypertension, Pulmonary
7.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 3-5, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856052

ABSTRACT

The clinical application of hybrid surgical technique for treatment of cerebrovascular diseases has gone through a course of more than 10 years. From intraoperative angiography in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms and cerebral arteriovenous malformations at the begining to various applications for more complicated cases at present, hybrid operation has become a new world in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases. At the same time we notice that the clinical application of hybrid surgery is lack of large-scale multicenter clinical control studies, and there are still different opinions on the indication, technical process,quality control,team building and so on. As a new technique and clinical hotspot,hybrid operation for cerebrovascular diseases has a good prospect,and need to be further standardized.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 47-52, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856050

ABSTRACT

Hybrid operating room can provide a wonderful platform for the integration ofopen surgery, endovascular treatmentand radiological examinations,making high-quality imaging guided neurosurgery possible. In recent years, there were many reports on hybrid operations thatcombining microsurgery and endovascular technique) for the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases, including complex intracranial aneurysms (giant, fusiform and wide-neck, etc), complcx arteriovenous malformations (AVM) especially those with high Spetzler-Martin grade(IV-V) .complex arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) that cannot be repaired by the traditional treatment, and tandem stenoses of innominate artery, common carotid artery and carotid bifurcation. In hybrid operation, the efficacy can be evaluated in real time,so that treatment process is simplified and medical cost is lowered, offering new opportunities and challenges for the treatment of complex cerebrovascular diseases,but there are still some problems to be solved by further research and development.

9.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 607-611, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753316

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of CT plus CTA in emergency surgical treatment of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage caused by brain arteriovenous malformations(AVM). Methods A total of 15 cases diagnosed with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage by emergent CT examination in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University were retrospectively reviewed from May 2015 to June 2018, and subsequent emergent CTA examination was adopted to verify whether the patients had brain AVM that was responsible for the hemorrhage. After diagnosis, emergency surgical resection of the brain AVM and evacuation of hematoma were performed. Glasgow outcome score (GOS) was used to evaluated the outcome. A secondary DSA or CTA was performed from 2 weeks to 6 months post the operation. Results All 15 cases exanimated by emergent CT plus CTA were demonstrated to have brain AVM and intracranial hematoma. All the patients received emergency brain AVM resection and hematoma evacuation. The surgical finding during operation was in line with what was seen on emergent CT plus CTA, and all cases got total hematoma evacuation. Twelve cases received total brain AVM resection, and the other 3 cases received partial resection because the residual AVM foci existed in deep brain structures . After the operation, none had rebleeding at the surgical site. Follow-up DSA or CTA confirmed the 12 cases had total resection and the other 3 cases had partial resection. All patients were alive after the surgery and GOS scores during the follow-up time, from 2 weeks to 6 months after emergency surgery, were: 5 in 6 patients, 4 in 4 patients, 3 in 4 patients and 2 in 1 patient. Conclusions CT plus CTA can better show the relationship between vascular malformation, hematoma, and the adjacent anatomical structure, and therefore may contribute to intraoperative judgment and complete resection of vascular malformation. It is a practical imaging tool for the preoperative evaluation and emergency surgical treatment of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage caused by brain AVM.

10.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 394-400, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751569

ABSTRACT

Cerebral developmental venous anomaly (DVA) is a kind of benign vascular malformation that mainly occurs supratentorially.Its diagnosis mainly depends on imaging examination.It is often misdiagnosed or missed because of low incidence and atypical clinical manifestations.This article reviews the etiology,pathogenesis,clinical manifestations,imaging features,and prognosis of DVA.

11.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 37(2): 131-133, 24/07/2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-912255

ABSTRACT

Proliferative angiopathy (PA) is a rare cerebral vascular disease in which anomalous vessels continually recruit additional feeder arteries, amid a functional brain parenchyma. We report the case of a young woman with progressive history of headache, motor deficit, seizures and drowsiness. She received a misdiagnosis of brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and evolved with dysarthria and cognitive decline after an unsuccessful embolization performed at another institution. We opted for conservative treatment with periodic control by imaging tests. Proliferative angiopathy differs in natural history, prognosis, histopathology and treatment of the usual AVMs. Endovascular procedures aggravate the neurological deficits, which are usually progressive and tend to worsen over time.


A angiopatia proliferativa (AP) é uma doença vascular cerebral rara em que vasos anômalos recrutam continuamente artérias nutridoras adicionais em um parênquima cerebral normal. Relatamos um caso de uma mulher jovem com história progressiva de cefaleia, déficit motor, convulsões e sonolência. Ela recebeu um diagnóstico incorreto da malformação arteriovenosa (MAV) cerebral e evoluiu com disartria e declínio cognitivo após uma embolização malsucedida realizada em outra instituição. Optamos pelo tratamento conservador com controle periódico por testes de imagem. A AP difere das MAVs usuais em relação a história natural, prognóstico, histopatologia e tratamento. Os procedimentos endovasculares agravam os déficits neurológicos, que geralmente são progressivos e tendem a piorar ao longo do tempo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Cerebral Arterial Diseases , Paresis , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations , Embolization, Therapeutic , Headache
12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 131-134, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707907

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of transvenous embolization treatment for cerebral arteriovenous malformations(bAVM). Methods From November 2016 to April 2017, the information of 6 patients with brain arteriovenous malformation in our center accepting the intravenous radical embolization were collected, who were ruptured bAVM, bAVM with a single drainage vein, not suitable for surgery confirmed by neurosurgeon consultation or explicitly refused craniotomy. The modified Rankin Scale score of five patients were smaller than three before treatment.The location of draining vein flowing venous sinus was shown by rotational DSA and 3D reconstructed images.A liquid embolic agent was injected via Sonic catheter to completely embolism the brain arteriovenous malformation under controlling blood pressure and blocking the blood provisionally.The perioperative complications and modified Rankin Scale score were observed and recorded 30 days after treatment. Results The transvenous embolization treatment was successfully performed in six patients with 7 embolization procedures.There were no definite operation-related complications. the mRS of all cases were ≤1 within 30 days after operation. Conclusion The embolization technique via the internal jugular vein is feasible for bAVM patients with a single drainage vein,while the long-term outcome need more evaluations.

13.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 572-577, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703020

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment characteristics in children with cerebral vascular malformation. Methods From September 2007 to December 2016,25 consecutive children with cerebral vascular malformation admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery,the third people′s Hospital of Hainan Province were enrolled retrospectively. The diagnosis was confirmed by CT angiography (CTA) or DSA,including 10 males and 15 females,aged 3-15 years,with a median age of 8 (5,10) years. There were 2 children without hemorrhage and 23 had cerebral hemorrhage. The sites of hemorrhage included frontal lobe in 8 cases,temporal lobe in 5 cases,occipital lobe in 4 cases,and frontal,parietal and temporal lobes in 3 cases,thalamus in basal ganglia in 2 cases,and ventricle in 1 case. The patients were treated with hematoma removal and vascular malformation resection,endovascular embolization,and stereotactic radiotherapy. In the acute phase,15 patients were treated with emergency hematoma evacuation and vascular malformation resection due to intracranial hypertension,and 1 patient was treated with embolization, including 1 craniotomy and 1 external ventricular drainage after embolization. After the subacute phase or when the condition was stable,3 patients underwent surgical resection of vascular malformations and clearance of hematoma,3 received embolization,1 underwent simple hematoma clearance (cerebral venous malformations), and 2 underwent stereotactic radiotherapy. They were followed up at 6 months and 1 year after surgery. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Glasgow outcome scale ( GOS) score,and CTA and DSA were used to conduct imaging evaluation. Results (1) Twenty-four patients were diagnosed as intracranial arteriovenous malformation,including 9 patients with Sperzler-Martin gradeⅠ,11 with gradeⅡ,and 4 with gradeⅢ. There were 18 patients mainly with anterior circulation blood supply and 6 mainly with posterior circulation blood supply;1 with venous malformation. ( 2 ) No rebleeding occurred during the follow-up, 8 children had seizures,and 1 died at 8 months after operation. The first clinical follow-up was performed in 25 patients at 6 months after treatment. The GOS score was 5 in 5 cases,4 in 12 cases,3 in 4 cases,2 in 3 cases,and 1 in 1 case;they were followed up for more than 1 year. CTA or DSA reexamination showed that 3 children had residual cerebrovascular malformations at 6 months after operation,and the remaining 22 children showed no intracranial vascular malformation. The follow-up time of all the surviving children was >1 year,and DSA was completed at 12 to 38 months after treatment. There was no progress in 3 children with residual vascular malformation during the first follow-up at 6 months after operation and no cerebral hemorrhage occurred. No recurrence was found in 21 children with negative DSA. Conclusions Cerebral vascular malformations in children are mainly arteriovenous malformations,and most them go to see a doctor after spontaneous bleeding. Early diagnosis and reasonable treatment can leave nerve dysfunction as little as possible.

14.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 309-312, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703017

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of neuronavigation combined with intraoperative ultrasound-assisted microsurgery for the treatment of supratentorial intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Methods From March 2014 to February 2017,14 patients with supratentorial intracranial AVMs treated with neuronavigation combined with intraoperative ultrasound-assisted microsurgery at the Department of Neurosurgery,the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were enrolled retrospectively.According to Spetzler-Martin (S-M)classification,there were 2 cases of grade Ⅰ,6 cases of grade Ⅱ,5 cases of grade Ⅲ,and 1 case of grade Ⅳ. The clinical data,surgical effects,and complications were analyzed. Results (1)The lesions of 13 patients were completely removed and 1 had residue. Four patients had preoperative limb hemiplegia and one had postoperative limb weakness. They were followed up for 1 to 4 years. The myodynamia was improved or returned to normal. (2)One patient had postoperative intracranial infection and was cured after anti-infective treatment. Of the 4 patients with preoperative epilepsy, 3 did not have postoperative recurrence and 1 was controlled. (3)The modified Rankin scale (mRS)scores at 3 months after operation were as follows:8 patients were 0,4 were 1,and 2 were 2. The clinical symptoms and imaging were followed up for 1-4 years,no vascular malformation recurrence and rebleeding were observed. Conclusion The preliminary observation showed that the neuronavigation and intraoperative ultrasound multimodality assisted microsurgical treatment of supratentorial AVMs had the characteristics of accurate location and high safety,and the clinical efficacy was satisfactory.

15.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 36(3): 153-159, 08/09/2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-911197

ABSTRACT

Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are relatively rare lesions with irreversible consequences in the context of hemorrhage. They are characterized by direct connections between arteries and veins without an intervening capillary network. The natural history of brain AVMs is controversial in the literature, with low evidence level gathered in the papers published, and with large divergence of results among them. A detailed understanding of the natural history is critical for treatment decision. The risk of development of deleterious outcomes such as hemorrhage or brain infarction should always be considered when submitting a patient to the risks of treatment. Several factors related to the patient and to the AVMs are determinants in the natural history of this disease. The topography, size, morphology and angioarchitecture of AVMs determine the risk of rupture. Large AVMs, those located in the posterior fossa and with deep venous drainage, have higher risk of rupture. Due to divergence in the literature regarding the natural history of AVMs, the choice of treatment should also consider experiences acquired over the years from reference centers with a high number of AVMs treated per year. We determined 7 variables that should be considered during the decision to treat an AVM: 1) previous hemorrhage; 2) aneurysm associated to the AVM; 3) direct arteriovenous fistula; 4) factors related to the nidus; 5) age and habits (smoking, sedentary lifestyle, diet quality); 6) the functional performance of the patient; 7) psychological factors.


Malformações arteriovenosas (MAVs) são lesões caracterizadas por conexões diretas entre artérias e veias sem rede capilar. São relativamente raras e com consequências muitas vezes irreversíveis no contexto de hemorragia. A história natural das MAVs é controversa na literatura, com pouca evidência extraída dos artigos publicados, além de alta divergência entre resultados. Um entendimento detalhado da história natural da doença é determinante para a decisão do tratamento. O risco de desenvolver consequências deletérias como hemorragia ou isquemia deve ser sempre considerado antes de submeter pacientes ao tratamento. Vários fatores relacionados ao paciente e às MAVs são determinantes na história natural da doença. A localização, tamanho, morfologia e angioarquitetura das MAVs estimam o risco de ruptura. As MAVs grandes, de fossa posterior, com drenagem venosa profunda, têm maior risco de ruptura. A decisão de tratar deve também levar em conta a experiência do serviço, adquirida após anos de tratamento de MAVs. Nós determinamos 7 fatores que devem ser avaliados diante da decisão de tratamento das MAVs: 1) hemorragia prévia; 2) aneurismas associados à MAV; 3) fístula arteriovenosa; 4) fatores relacionados ao nidus; 5) idade e hábitos de vida; 6) performance funcional do paciente; 7) fatores psicológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations/etiology , Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations/history
16.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 617-621, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664264

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the hemorrhagic factors affecting the prognosis of patients with intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVM)treated by microsurgery. Methods From January 2012 to March 2017,62 consecutive patients with hemorrhagic AVM who met the inclusion criteria and treated with microsurgery in the same vascular group at the Department of Neurosurgery,Tongji Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology were enrolled retrospectively. The patients were divided into either a good prognosis group (n =48,mRS≤2)or a poor prognosis group (n =14,mRS >2)according to the modified Rankin scale (mRS)scores during the follow up at 6 months after the operation. The general information of the patients were collected,including gender,age,history of primary hypertension, history of previous cerebral hemorrhage,Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)score on admission,AVM location,size of AVM,type of AVM venous drainage,Spetzler-Martin grade,combined aneurysm,combined intraventricular hemorrhage,site of hemorrhage,and volume of hemorrhage. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the hemorrhage-related factors affecting the prognosis of hemorrhagic AVM operation. Results (1)There were no significant differences in gender,age,history of primary hypertension,history of cerebral hemorrhage between the two groups (all P > 0. 05),and there was significant difference in GCS on admission (P < 0. 05). (2)Compared with the the good prognosis group,there were significant differences in functional area AVM (33. 3% [16 /48]vs. 12 /14),Spetzler- Martin grade ≤Ⅱ (85. 4% [41 /48]vs. 6 /14),volume of hemorrhage ≥30 ml (10. 4% [5 /48]vs. 8 /14), and intraventricular hemorrhage (8. 3% [4 /48]vs. 7 /14)in the poor prognosis group (all P < 0. 05). There were no significant difference in the AVM volume,type of venous drainage,combined aneurysm,and bleeding site between the two groups (all P >0. 05). (3)Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent variables related to bleeding in univariate analysis,the results showed that intraventricular hemorrhage (OR,11. 000,95% CI 1. 722 -46. 231,P =0. 009)and volume of hemorrhage ≥30 ml (OR,11. 467,95% CI 2. 029 -44. 894,P = 0. 004)were the independent risk factors for poor prognosis. Conclusion The intraventricular hemorrhage and volume of hemorrhage ≥30 ml may be the independent risk factors affecting prognosis of patients of hemorrhagic AVM surgery,however,further validation is needed.

17.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 389-393, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808642

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical useness of intraoperative functional neuronavigation and fluorescent indocyanine green(ICG) angiography as well as electrophysiological evaluation during microsurgical resection of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM).@*Methods@#A series of 42 consecutive cases with AVM underwent microsurgery by intraoperative functional neuronavigation at Department of Neurosurgery of People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2009 to February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Of the 42 patients, 29 were males and 13 were females aging from 4 to 62 years (mean age 32.6 years). Preoperative assessment included functional magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging to identify the relationship between lesions and eloquent areas. The results of images were integrated into three-dimensional datasets to achieve intraoperative microscopic-based functional neuronavigation during AVM resection. Operations involved in motor areas and corticospinal tract were performed under continuous electrophysiological monitoring. ICG angiography was performed at pre-dissection, post-clipping of the feeders, and post-resection of the nidus. FLOW 800 software presented a color map and ICG intensity-time curve to demostrate the vascular architecture. Postoperative digital subtraction angiography was re-examined routinely to evaluate the extent of resection. Clinical outcomes were evaluated with the modified Rankin Scale.@*Results@#All patients underwent surgery under intraoperative navigation. Of the 42 patients, total resection was achieved in 36 cases (85.7%, 36/42) including 14 cases of AVM in eloquent areas. A total of 40 ICG angiographies were successfully performed among 11 patients. Average number of ICG injections per operation was 3.6 (ranging from 3 to 6). Feeders were visualized in 10 patients and drainers were visualized in 9 cases. The post-surgical follow-up period varied from 3 months to 70 months (mean 22.5 months). 83.8% of the patients returned to normal work and life during the followed-up period.@*Conclusion@#Combining intraoperative neuronavigation and electrophysiological monitoring, as well as fluorescent ICG angiography contribute to microsurgical resection of cerebral AVM effectively in selecting suitable patients, further avoiding neurologic compromise as well.

18.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 145-148,158, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606449

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the treatment effect of using preoperative embolization combined with microsurgery for the treatment of intracranial arteriovenous malformation.Methods From January 2005 to December 2015,57 consecutive patients with intracranial arteriovenous malformation (AVM ) admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery,Xuanwu Hospital,Capital Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. They were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)and digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Glubran and/or Onyx embolization was used before the microsurgery. The clinical features,treatment, and occurrence of complications were recorded.Results In 57 patients,the Spetzler-Martin grade in 35 patients were gradeⅠ-Ⅱ,in 18 were Ⅲ,and in 4 were Ⅳ. The complications occurred in 11 patients (19. 3%),including 5 with Onyx,5 with Glubran,and 1 with Onyx+Glubran. After embilization,4 patients had hemorrhage,2 had intracranial hemorrhage,1 had postoperative intracranial infection,1 had postoperative neuro-logical dysfunction,and 3 had other systemic complications after procedure. The complication rates were 14. 3%(5/35)and 22. 2%(4/18)respectively according to the Spetzler-Martin grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ and Ⅲ. Two patients of Spetzler-Martin gradeⅣhad complications. The incidence of complications in the functional areas was 20. 0%(4/20)and that in non-functional areas was 18. 9%(7/37). One patient died. DSA revealed that 4 patients had residual lesions before discharge. The cure rate was 93. 0%. The mean modified Rankin scale (mRS)score at discharge was 1. 6 ± 1. 0. The patients of mRS 0-1 accounted for 59. 6%(34/57).The mRS scores in 7 patients at discharge were higher than before treatment.Conclusion For the high-grade AVM foci with larger volume and in the deep part of brain,the treatment with microsurgery combined with embolization can be considered.

19.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 150-154, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512401

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness and safety of Onyx and n-butyl-2-cyanoacryhte (NBCA) for the embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs).Methods The clinical data of 53 patients with cerebral AVMs (31 in the NBCA group and 22 in the Onyx group) were analyzed retrospectively.The safety and effectiveness of the 1-year follow-up were compared.The size of AVMs (diameters <3 cm,3-6 cm,and >6 cm) and the Spetzler-Martin grade were used to conduct subgroup analysis.Results There were no significant differences in the baseline data and AVM morphologies.The embolization rate in the Onyx group was significantly higher than that in the NBCA group (P < 0.05),but there were no significant differences in the incidences of postoperative hemorrhage (1/22 vs.1/31;P=1.000)and neurological deficit (1/22 vs.3/31;P=0.633) in the 1-year follow-up after procedure.The subgroup analysis showed that the embolization rates of the small and medium-sized cerebral AVMs in the Onyx group were significantly higher than those in the NBCA group (all P < 0.05),and the embolization rates of cerebral AVMs with different Spetzler-Martin grades in were significantly higher than those in the NBCA group (all P <0.05).Conclusion Onyx is equivalent to NBCA in safety but better in efficacy.

20.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 35(3): 248-252, 20/09/2016.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-910738

ABSTRACT

Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are pathologic dural shunts characterized by meningeal arterial supply, absence of nidus and drainage to dural venous sinuses or cortical veins. They are usually acquired lesions associated with specific disease and inflammatory processes, including craniotomy. We report a case of postoperative DAVF in a 59 year-old male presenting with a ruptured distal right anterior cerebral artery aneurysm. After an uneventful microsurgery for clipping, meningitis occurred on the ninth day, and was successfully treated. The one-year control angiogram showed a left occipital DAVF. The relevant literature on the occurrence of DAVFs is also presented.


Fístulas arteriovenosas durais (FAVDs) são comunicações patológicas caracterizadas por suprimento arterial meníngeo, ausência de nidus e drenagem para seios venosos durais ou veias corticais. As fístulas são geralmente adquiridas, secundárias a processos inflamatórios e doenças específicas, podendo ocorrer após craniotomia. Relatamos um caso de FAVD ocorrido em um homem de 59 anos de idade com aneurisma intracraniano roto em artéria cerebral anterior direita distal, submetido a microcirurgia e clipagem, e evoluindo com meningite pós-operatória. O paciente apresentou boa evolução, mas na angiografia de controle um ano após a cirurgia foi identificada FAVD em seio transverso-sigmoide esquerdo. Uma revisão da literatura focada na etiologia também é apresentada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arteriovenous Fistula , Aneurysm, Ruptured
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