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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907003

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To clarify the prognostic value of the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients.@*Methods@#literature on the correlation between NLR and the prognosis and clinicopathological features of OSCC was searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane and Embase. The outcome indicators, including overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), tumor size, cervical lymph node metastasis, tumor stage, extracapsular lymph node invasion and peripheral nerve invasion, were analyzed by RevMan5.3 software@*Results @# In total, 6 180 patients were included in 23 studies. The analysis showed that NLR was significantly negatively correlated with OS [HR=1.62, 95%CI(1.38, 1.91), P < 0.001], DFS [HR=1.48, 95%CI(1.24, 1.77), P < 0.001] and DSS [HR=1.87, 95%CI(1.60, 2.20), P < 0.001]. In addition, higher NLR values were positively correlated with tumor size [OR=2.68, 95%CI (1.84, 3.90), P < 0.001], cervical lymph node metastasis [OR=1.59, 95%CI (1.35, 1.88), P < 0.001], tumor stage [OR=2.85, 95%CI (2.35, 3.47), P < 0.001], extralymphatic invasion [OR=1.72, 95%CI (1.23, 2.40), P=0.001], and peripheral nerve invasion [OR=1.70, 95%CI (1.29, 2.24), P < 0.001]. However, there was no significant correlation with age [OR=0.96, 95%CI (0.71, 1.29), P=0.77], sex [OR=1.08, 95%CI (0.88, 1.33), P=0.55], or degree of differentiation [OR=1.15, 95%CI (0.92, 1.43), P=0.22]@*Conclusion @#Elevated NLR was significantly associated with the prognosis and clinicopathological features of OSCC and might be an independent prognostic factor.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923119

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the effect of circAGFG1 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of cholangiocarcinoma QBC939 cells and its possible mechanism. Methods: The tumor tissues and corresponding para-cancerous tissues of 33 patients with cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgical resection in the 988th Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force from April 2017 to October 2019 were collected. qPCR was used to detect the expression level of circAGFG1 and miR-4429 in the tissues. Cholangiocarcinoma QBC939 cells were cultured in vitro and transfected with si-circAGFG1 or miR-4429 mimics, or co-transfected with si-circAGFG1 and anti-miR-4429. Then, cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method and clone formation test, cell migration and invasion were detected by scratch test and Transwell assay, and the protein expression of E-cadherin and N-cadherin in cells was determined by Western blotting. Dual-luciferase reporter gene experiment was adopted to verify the regulatory relationship between circAGFG1 and miR-4429. Results: The expression of circAGFG1 was higher (3.89±0.26 vs 1.00±0.08, P<0.05) while the expression of miR-4429 (0.28±0.03 vs 1.00±0.05, P<0.05) was lower in cholangiocarcinoma tissues than those in para-cancerous tissues. After the interference with circAGFG1 or over-expression of miR-4429, the cell proliferation level, number of clone formation, scratch healing rate, number of invaded cells, and the protein expression of N-cadherin in QBC939 cells were reduced (all P<0.05), but the protein expression of E-cadherin was elevated (P<0.05). circAGFG1 could targetedly bind with miR-4429, and interfering circAGFG1 promoted the expression of miR-4429 in QBC939 cells (all P<0.05). Down-regulation of miR-4429 reversed the effect of interfering circAGFG1 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of QBC939 cells (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The expression of circAGFG1 is up-regulated in cholangiocarcinoma tissues, which may promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of cholangiocarcinoma QBC939 cells by targetedly inhibiting the expression of miR-4429.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923116

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the effect of lncRNA SNHG11 on the proliferation, invasion and migration of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells and its possible mechanisms. Methods: qPCR was used to detect the levels of lncRNA SNHG11 and miR-193a-5p in human embryonic lung cells (HEL-1) and lung cancer cells (A549, H1299, and HCC827). A549 cells were transfected with SNHG11 small interfering RNA (si-SNHG11), miR-193a mimic or miR-193a inhibitor. The proliferation of A549 cells was detected by CCK-8 assay, migration and invasion of A549 cells were detected by Wound healing and Transwell assay, the protein expression of Ki67 and Cyclin D1 was determined by Western blot, and the targeting relationship between lncRNA SNHG11 and miR-193a-5p was verified by Dual-luciferase reporter experiment. Results: Compared with HEL-1 cells, the expression level of lncRNA SNHG11 was significantly increased while the expression of miR-193a-5p was decreased in lung cancer A549, H1299 and HCC827 cells (all P<0.05). Silencing lncRNA SNHG11 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of A549 cells and reduced the protein expression of Ki67 and Cyclin D1 (all P<0.05). Over-expression of miR-193a-5p inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of A549 cells (all P<0.05). lncRNA SNHG11 could targetedly adsorb miR-193a-5p. miR-139a-5p inhibition could partially reverse the effect of silencing lncRNA SNHG11 on the proliferation, invasion and migration of A549 cells (all P<0.05). Conclusion: lncRNA SNHG11 promotes the proliferation, invasion and migration of NSCLC cells by adsorbing miR-193a-5p.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923114

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 10 (SNHG10) in colorectal cancer tissues and cells and its effect on the invasion and migration of colorectal cancer cells and the underlying mechanism. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2019, 78 pairs of colorectal cancer tissue and para-cancerous tissues from the patients who had radical colorectal cancer resection in Henan Provincial People's Hospital were collected. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) was performed to quantify the levels of lncRNA SNHG10 and miR-532-3p in colorectal cancer tissues, colorectal cancer cell lines (SW480, SW620, HT-29 and LoVo) and human normal colorectal mucosal FHC cells; and their correlations with the clinicopathological features of colorectal cancer patients were further analyzed. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was used to validate the targeted relationship between lncRNA SNHG10 and miR-532-3p. After transfection with si-SNHG10 or miR-532-3p mimic or co-transfection of si-SNHG10 and miR-532-3p inhibitor, the invasion and migration of SW620 cells were detected by Transwell assay, and the protein expression of E-cadherin, N-cadherin and vimentin were detected by WB. Results: SNHG10 was highly expressed in colorectal cancer tissues and cells (all P<0.05), and its expression was related to TNM stage and distant metastasis (all P<0.05). miR-532-3p was lowly expressed in colorectal cancer tissues and cells, and its expression was correlated with TNM stage, lymphonode metastasis and distant metastasis (all P<0.05). The expression of SNHG10 and miR-532-3p in colorectal cancer tissues was negatively correlated (r=-0.225, P=0.048). Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that SNHG10 targetedly regulated miR-532-3p. Both down-regulation of SNHG10 and up-regulation of miR-532-3p significantly inhibited the invasion and migration of SW620 cells (all P<0.05), up-regulated the expression of E-cadherin (P<0.05), while down-regulated the expression of N-cadherin and vimentin (all P<0.05). After transfection with miR-532-3p inhibitor, the inhibitory effect of knocking down the expression of lncRNA SNHG10 on the invasion and migration of colorectal cancer cells was reversed (all P<0.05). Conclusions: LncRNA SNHG10 is highly expressed in colorectal cancer and is associated with TNM stage and distant metastasis. LncRNA SNHG10 affects the invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer cells by targeting miR-532-3p and regulating EMT.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 719-723, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922988

ABSTRACT

Alveolar echinococcosis proliferates in the form of chronic infiltration and has no obvious symptoms and signs in the early stage, and when attending the hospital, some patients already have one or more complications and invasion of important intrahepatic vessels and bile ducts. The research on peripheral vascular invasion of alveolar echinococcosis may help to determine the best individualized treatment and thus improve the cure rate and prognosis of patients. This article reviews the pathological mechanism, clinical manifestations, imaging, clinical classification, and treatment of alveolar echinococcosis.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 213-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920851

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression levels of basic leucine zipper and W2 domain 2 (BZW2) and isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IVD) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and evaluate their effect on clinical prognosis of liver transplant recipients with HCC. Methods Pathological specimens and clinical data of 87 liver transplant recipients with HCC were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The recurrence and metastasis of HCC after liver transplantation were assessed. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression levels of BZW2 and IVD. The relationship between BZW2, IVD and clinicopathological parameters of HCC and their effect on postoperative recurrence and clinical prognosis of the recipients was analyzed. Results Among 87 recipients, 31 cases recurred with a recurrence rate of 36%. HCC recurred at postoperative 2-49 months and the median recurrence time was postoperative 7 months. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated that the positive expression rate of BZW2 in the HCC tissues was significantly higher than that in normal liver tissues (76% vs. 30%), and the positive expression rate of IVD was significantly lower compared with that in normal liver tissues (51% vs. 69%) (both P < 0.01). BZW2 expression was significantly correlated with tumor diameter and tumor capsule (both P < 0.05), whereas IVD expression was significantly associated with tumor diameter, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level, tumor, node and metastasis (TNM) staging and whether vascular invasion was found or not (all P < 0.05). In the high BZW2 expression group, the cumulative recurrence rate of HCC was significantly higher and the cumulative survival rate was significantly lower than those in the low BZW2 expression group. In the low IVD expression group, the cumulative recurrence rate of HCC was significantly higher and the cumulative survival rate was significantly lower compared with those in the high IVD expression group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The expression level of BZW2 protein is up-regulated, whereas that of IVD protein is down-regulated in the HCC tissues. Moreover, the cumulative recurrence rate of HCC is relatively high and the cumulative survival rate is relatively low in liver transplant recipients with high BZW2 expression and low IVD expression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920550

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of elective neck dissection on the 5-year survival rate of patients with early oral squamous cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#The data of 100 patients with early oral squamous cell carcinoma (cT1-2N0M0) were retrospectively analyzed. In 61 cases, the primary tumor was subjected to elective neck dissection (END). Neck observation and follow-up (NOF) were performed in 39 cases with enlarged resection of primary lesions. Clinicopathological data such as pT staging, pathology classification,the rate of cervical lymph node metastasis and the 5-year survival rate of the patients were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#The 5-year survival rates of the END and NOF groups were 86.9% and 69.2%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.028). END treatment was significantly better than NOF in controlling cervical lymph node metastasis in early oral squamous cell carcinoma (P=0.009). After stratified analysis of histopathological features, the 5-year survival rate of patients with pathological T2 (pT2) stage OSCC in the END group was significantly higher than that in the NOF group (P=0.020). The 5-year survival rate of patients with moderate and poorly differentiated pathological grade OSCC in the END group was significantly higher than that in the NOF group (P=0.013). @*Conclusion @# END is effective for the management of the cervical lymph node metastasis rate in early OSCC patients. For patients with pT2 stage or low differentiation pathological grade, active END can significantly improve the 5-year survival rate.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920527

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To explore whether RhoA plays a role in the migration and invasion of the salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma cell lines SACC-LM and SACC-83.@*Methods@#Total RNA and total protein were extracted from 20 salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) and normal adjacent tissues frozen in liquid nitrogen to detect RhoA expression. RhoA-siRNA was constructed to transfect two cell lines (SACC-LM and SACC-83) for cytological experiments. The research included an experimental group (RhoA-siRNA transfection), negative control group (siRNA-NC transfection) and blank group by transient transfection with liposomes. Expression of RhoA mRNA and protein as well as the protein expression of biomarkers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were analyzed, including E-cadherin, N-cadherin, and Vimentin. Furthermore, the changes in invasion and migration of cells in each group were analyzed by comparing the number of transmembrane cells in the Transwell assay and the results of the scratch test.@*Results@#Compared with normal adjacent tissues, RhoA protein and mRNA levels increased in SACC tissues. Compared with the control group, the relative expression levels of RhoA mRNA and protein decreased (P < 0.01), the relative expression levels of E-cadherin protein increased, and the relative expression levels of N-cadherin and vimentin protein increased in the experimental group (P < 0.01). Additionally, the trial results revealed that RhoA knockdown restrained cell migration and invasion (P < 0.01).@*Conclusion @#RhoA expression increased in SACC tissue. Silencing RhoA in vitro could effectively restrain cell migration and invasion in SACC-LM and SACC-83 cells through the regulation of EMT signaling pathways.

9.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 15(1): 7-11, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359332

ABSTRACT

El cáncer diferenciado de tiroides incluye el tipo papilar y folicular que representan más del 80% de los casos y tienen un excelente pronóstico. Existen varios subtipos histológicos y las variantes foliculares son probablemente las más comunes. La incidencia de cáncer papilar variante folicular ha ido en aumento. En un reporte de un solo centro, cerca del 40% de los cánceres papilares eran variantes foliculares1. El subtipo infiltrativo de la variante folicular presenta sectores que invaden el parénquima tiroideo no neoplásico y carece de una cápsula tumoral bien definida. Tiene un comportamiento biológico y un perfil molecular que es más similar al tumor papilar clásico2. Existen características clínicas y patológicas asociadas con riesgo más alto de recurrencia tumoral y mortalidad; entre ellos se describen el tamaño del tumor primario y la presencia de invasión de tejidos blandos3. En la invasión de estructuras adyacentes, los sitios más comprometidos incluyen los músculos pretiroideos, el nervio laríngeo recurrente, el esófago, la faringe, laringe y la tráquea. Además, puede haber otras estructuras involucradas como: la vena yugular interna, la arteria carótida y los nervios vago, frénico y espinal4. El compromiso de los ganglios linfáticos y la incidencia de metástasis ganglionares en adultos depende de la extensión de la cirugía. Entre los que se realizan una disección radical modificada del cuello, hasta el 80% tienen metástasis en los ganglios linfáticos y el 50% de ellas son microscópicas5. Clínicamente los tumores localmente avanzados cursan con disfonía, disfagia, disnea, tos o hemoptisis, pero la ausencia de síntomas no descarta la invasión local. Según las guías de la American Thyroid Association6 son variables de mal pronóstico: la edad del paciente, el tamaño del tumor primario, la extensión extra tiroidea y la resección quirúrgica incompleta.


Differentiated thyroid cancer includes papillary and follicular types that represent more than 80% of cases and have an excellent prognosis. There are several histologic subtypes, and follicular variants are probably the most common. The incidence of papillary follicular variant cancer has been increasing. In a singlecenter report, about 40% of papillary cancers were follicular variants1. The infiltrative subtype of the follicular variant presents sectors that invade the non-neoplastic thyroid parenchyma and lacks a well-defined tumor capsule. It has a biological behavior and a molecular profile that is more similar to the classic papillary tumor2. There are clinical and pathological characteristics associated with a higher risk of tumor recurrence and mortality; These include the size of the primary tumor and the presence of soft tissue invasion3. In the invasion of adjacent structures, the most compromised sites include the pre-thyroid muscles, the recurrent laryngeal nerve, the esophagus, the pharynx, larynx and trachea. In addition, there may be other structures involved such as: the internal jugular vein, the carotid artery and the vagus, phrenic and spinal nerves4. The involvement of the lymph nodes and the incidence of lymph node metastases in adults depends on the extent of the surgery. Among those who undergo a modified radical neck dissection, up to 80% have lymph node metastases and 50% of them are microscopic5. Clinically locally advanced tumors present with dysphonia, dysphagia, dyspnea, cough, or hemoptysis, but the absence of symptoms does not rule out local invasion. According to the American Thyroid Association guidelines6, there are variables with a poor prognosis: the age of the patient, the size of the primary tumor, the extra-thyroid extension, and incomplete surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary, Follicular/pathology , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness
10.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e238403, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180733

ABSTRACT

Abstract As a result of biodiversity and ecosystem service losses associated with biological invasions, there has been growing interest in basic and applied research on invasive species aiming to improve management strategies. Tradescantia zebrina is a herbaceous species increasingly reported as invasive in the understory of disturbed forest ecosystems. In this study, we assess the effect of spatial and seasonal variation on biological attributes of this species in the Atlantic Forest. To this end, we measured attributes of T. zebrina associated with plant growth and stress in the four seasons at the forest edge and in the forest interior of invaded sites in the Iguaçu National Park, Southern Brazil. The invasive plant had higher growth at the forest edge than in the forest interior and lower leaf asymmetry and herbivory in the winter than in the summer. Our findings suggest that the forest edge environment favours the growth of T. zebrina. This invasive species is highly competitive in the understory of semi-deciduous seasonal forests all over the year. Our study contributes to the management of T. zebrina by showing that the summer is the best season for controlling this species.


Resumo As perdas de biodiversidade e os seus serviços ecossistêmicos ocasionadas pelas invasões biológicas, têm despertado o interesse em pesquisas básicas e aplicadas sobre as espécies invasoras com o objetivo de buscar estratégias de manejo. Tradescantia zebrina é uma das herbáceas crescentemente relatadas como uma invasora no sub-bosque florestal de ecossistemas impactados. Neste estudo, nós estudamos o efeito da variação espacial e sazonal sobre atributos biológicos desta espécie na Floresta Atlântica. Assim, nós mensuramos atributos de T. zebrina associados com o crescimento vegetal e o estresse nas quatro estações do ano em borda e interior da floresta de locais invadidos no Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, Sul do Brasil. A planta invasora apresentou maior crescimento na borda florestal do que no interior. Adicionalmente, assimetria foliar e herbivoria obtidos no inverno foram menores quando comparados ao verão. Nossos achados sugerem que os ambientes de borda florestal favorecem o crescimento de T. zebrina. Esta espécie invasora é altamente competitiva no sub-bosque da Floresta Estacional Semidecídua durante o ano todo. Nosso estudo contribui com o manejo de T. zebrina mostrando que o verão é a melhor estação para o controle desta espécie.


Subject(s)
Ecosystem , Tradescantia , Trees , Brazil , Forests
11.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e232868, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153458

ABSTRACT

Abstract The "piaussu", Megaleporinus macrocephalus is an anostomatid fish species native to the basin of the Paraguay River, in the Pantanal biome of western Brazil. However, this species has now been recorded in a number of other drainages, including those of the upper Paraná, Uruguay, Jacuí, Doce, Mucuri, and Paraíba do Sulrivers. This study presents two new records of the occurrence of M. macrocephalus, in the basins of the Itapecuru and Mearim rivers in the state of Maranhão, in the Brazilian Northeast. The piaussu is a large-bodied fish of commercial interest that is widely raised on fish farms, and its occurrence in the Itapecuru and Mearim rivers is likely the result of individuals escaping from fish tanks when they overflow during the rainy season. Morphological analyses and sequences of the Cytochrome Oxidase Subunit I (COI) gene confirmed the taxonomic identification of the specimens as M. macrocephalus. The COI sequences were 99.66% similar to those of M. macrocephalus deposited in the BOLDSystems database. These records extend the known distribution of M. macrocephalus to the basins of the Itapecuru and Mearim rivers in the Brazilian Northeast, highlighting a new case of introduction of exotic fish species into Brazilian river basins.


Resumo Megaleporinus macrocephalus é uma espécie de peixe anostomatídeo nativa da bacia do rio Paraguai, no bioma Pantanal do oeste do Brasil. No entanto, essa espécie já foi registrada em várias outras drenagens, incluindo as dos rios Alto Paraná, Uruguai, Jacuí, Doce, Mucuri e Paraíba do Sul. Este estudo apresenta dois novos registros da ocorrência de M. macrocephalus, nas bacias dos rios Itapecuru e Mearim, no estado do Maranhão, no nordeste brasileiro. O piaussu é um peixe de grande porte, de interesse comercial, amplamente criado em pisciculturas, e sua ocorrência nos rios Itapecuru e Mearim é provavelmente o resultado de indivíduos que escapam dos tanques quando transbordam durante a estação chuvosa. Análises morfológicas e sequências do gene da subunidade I do citocromo oxidase (COI) confirmaram a identificação taxonômica dos espécimes como M. macrocephalus. As sequências de COI foram 99,66% semelhantes às de M. macrocephalus depositadas no banco de dados BOLDSystems. Esses registros estendem a conhecida distribuição de M. macrocephalus às bacias dos rios Itapecuru e Mearim, no nordeste brasileiro, destacando um novo caso de introdução de espécies exóticas de peixes nas bacias hidrográficas brasileiras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rivers , Characiformes/genetics , Paraguay , Uruguay , Brazil
12.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3876, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289403

ABSTRACT

Introducción : El desarrollo científico-tecnológico en el tratamiento de la caries dental hace necesario la sistematización del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje y una didáctica apropiada que permita que los educandos adquieran conocimientos y habilidades para su ejercicio. Objetivo : Diseñar y validar un instrumento para la medición de la correspondencia del plan de estudios y de la estrategia didáctica con las capacidades cognitivo-prácticas necesarias para el tratamiento de mínima intervención de la caries dental en la carrera de Estomatología. Métodos : Estudio de desarrollo tecnológico en el que participaron 28 expertos seleccionados sobre la base de su trayectoria docente, científica y experiencia en el tema. Los mismos ofrecieron sus opiniones a través de cuestionarios autogestionados respecto a la claridad, coherencia, precisión, relevancia y presentación del instrumento mencionado. Se empleó la Razón de validez de contenido, por el método de Tristán y el índice de validación de contenido. Resultados : La totalidad de los ítems fueron válidos en los 4 criterios medidos, por lo que coincidieron los índices de validación de contenido global y aceptable. El instrumento mostró coherencia, precisión y relevancia la claridad con cifras de índice de validación de contenido de 0,90; 0,93; 0,92; y 0,94, respectivamente. Conclusiones : Se diseñó y validó un instrumento efectivo en contenido y presentación, por lo que está disponible para continuar con la siguiente etapa para su aprobación final(AU)


Introduction: Scientific and technological development in the treatment of dental caries requires systematization of the teaching-learning process and an appropriate methodology fostering the acquisition of knowledge and skills necessary for professional practice. Objective: Design and validate a tool to measure the correspondence of the curriculum and the didactic strategy to the cognitive-practical capacities required for the minimal intervention treatment of dental caries in undergraduate dental training. Methods: A technological development study was conducted with 28 experts selected for their teaching experience, their scientific background and their knowledge about the topic. The experts contributed their opinions through self-administered questionnaires about the clarity, coherence, accuracy, relevance and layout of the tool. Use was made of content validity ratio by the Tristan method and the content validation index. Results: All the items were found to be valid in terms of the four criteria measured, showing agreement between global and acceptable content validation indices. The tool exhibited coherence, accuracy, relevance and clarity, with content validation index values of 0.90, 0.93, 0.92 and 0.94, respectively. Conclusions: A tool was designed and validated which is effective for its content and presentation. It is therefore available for final validation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Technological Development/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Caries/therapy , Education, Dental/methods
13.
Multimed (Granma) ; 25(1): e2232, ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149441

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El conocimiento de los factores pronósticos del carcinoma escamoso de cabeza y cuello es de gran importancia, pues ayudan a predecir el futuro evolutivo de la enfermedad y a comprender hechos de su fisiopatología también, permiten comparar tratamientos, agrupar a los pacientes con pronóstico semejante, diseñar ensayos clínicos incluso, seleccionar el tratamiento ideal para cada paciente. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo con el objetivo de evaluar el impacto de la invasión perineural en pacientes con cáncer de lengua tratados en el Instituto de Oncología y Radiobiología (INOR) con un universo de 62 pacientes. Se tuvieron en cuenta variables como: edad, sexo, color de la piel, grado histológico, etapa clínica, tipo de lesión, técnica quirúrgica utilizada y factores pronósticos mayores. Se establecieron 2 grupos uno sin presencia de invasión perineural y otro con invasión perineural. El mayor número de casos se presentó en el grupo de 55-64 años en ambos grupos, con mayor incidencia del sexo masculino y color de la piel blanca. El carcinoma epidermoide bien diferenciado prevaleció en ambos grupos con 54,3 % y 50,0. La técnica quirúrgica más utilizadas en el grupo de pacientes con presencia de invasión perineural fue las glosectomías parciales más disección selectiva de cuello, los bordes de sección quirúrgicos positivos fue el factor pronóstico mayor más frecuente en los pacientes con invasión perineural con 56,3 % y significación estadística p=0,021. Las recaídas, local, regional y a distancia, estuvieron presentes en todos los pacientes que presentaron la invasión perineural estadísticamente significativo p=0,010.


ABSTRACT Knowledge of the prognostic factors of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck is of great importance, as they help to predict the future evolution of the disease and to understand facts about its pathophysiology, they also allow comparing treatments, grouping patients with a similar prognosis, designing trials clinicians even select the ideal treatment for each patient. An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study was carried out with the objective of evaluating the impact of perineural invasion in patients with tongue cancer treated at the Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology (INOR) with a universe of 62 patients. Variables such as: age, sex, skin color, histological grade, clinical stage, type of lesion, surgical technique used and major prognostic factors were taken into account. Two groups were established, one without the presence of perineural invasion and the other with perineural invasion. The highest number of cases occurred in the 55-64 age group in both groups, with a higher incidence of males and white skin color. Well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma prevailed in both groups with 54.3% and 50.0. The surgical technique most used in the group of patients with the presence of perineural invasion was partial glosectomies plus selective neck dissection, positive surgical section margins were the most frequent major prognostic factor in patients with perineural invasion with 56.3% and statistical significance p = 0.021. Relapses, local, regional and distant, were present in all patients who presented statistically significant perineural invasion p = 0.010.


RESUMO O conhecimento dos fatores prognósticos do carcinoma espinocelular de cabeça e pescoço é de grande importância, pois ajudam a prever a evolução futura da doença e a compreender fatos sobre sua fisiopatologia, permitem também comparar tratamentos, agrupar pacientes com prognósticos semelhantes, delinear ensaios os médicos até selecionam o tratamento ideal para cada paciente. Foi realizado um estudo observacional, descritivo, longitudinal e retrospectivo com o objetivo de avaliar o impacto da invasão perineural em pacientes com câncer de língua atendidos no Instituto de Oncologia e Radiobiologia (INOR) com um universo de 62 pacientes. Foram consideradas variáveis ​​como: idade, sexo, cor da pele, grau histológico, estádio clínico, tipo de lesão, técnica cirúrgica utilizada e principais fatores prognósticos. Dois grupos foram estabelecidos, um sem presença de invasão perineural e outro com invasão perineural. O maior número de casos ocorreu na faixa etária de 55 a 64 anos em ambos os grupos, com maior incidência no sexo masculino e na cor da pele branca. O carcinoma espinocelular bem diferenciado prevaleceu em ambos os grupos com 54,3% e 50,0. A técnica cirúrgica mais utilizada no grupo de pacientes com presença de invasão perineural foi glosectomias parciais mais esvaziamento cervical seletivo, margens de secção cirúrgica positivas foram o principal fator prognóstico mais frequente em pacientes com invasão perineural com 56,3% e significância estatística p = 0,021. As recidivas, locais, regionais e à distância, estiveram presentes em todos os pacientes que apresentaram invasão perineural estatisticamente significativa p = 0,010.

14.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(1): 83-91, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153327

ABSTRACT

Abstract Current study assessed the impact of Lantana camara invasion on native plant diversity in Pothohar region of Pakistan. The approach used for study was random samplings and comparisons of diversity indices [number of species (S), abundance (N), species richness (R), evenness (Jꞌ), Shannon diversity index (Hꞌ) and Simpson index of dominance (λ)] with two categorical factors i.e., invaded and non-invaded (control). Control plots harboured by an average of 1.74 more species/10m2. The control category was diverse (Hꞌ=2.56) than invaded category (Hꞌ=1.56). The higher value of species richness in control plots shows heterogeneous nature of communities and vice versa in invaded plots. At multivariate scale, ordination (nMDS) and ANOSIM showed significant magnitude of differences between invaded and control plots at all sites. The decrease in studied diversity indices in invaded over control sites indicated that plant communities become less productive due to Lantana invasion.


Resumo O presente estudo avaliou o impacto da invasão de Lantana camara na diversidade de plantas nativas na região de Pothohar, no Paquistão. A abordagem utilizada para o estudo foram a amostragem aleatória e a comparação de índices de diversidade, como número de espécies (S), abundância (N), riqueza de espécies (R), equitabilidade (Jꞌ), índice de diversidade de Shannon (Hꞌ) e índice de dominância de Simpson (λ), com dois fatores categóricos, ou seja, invadidos e não invadidos (controle). As parcelas não invadidas tinham, em média, 1,74 espécie a mais / 10 m2 que parcelas invadidas. A categoria controle foi mais diversa (Hꞌ = 2,56) do que a categoria invadida (Hꞌ = 1,56). O maior valor da riqueza de espécies em parcelas de controle mostra a natureza heterogênea das comunidades, e vice-versa, em parcelas invadidas. Na escala multivariada, ordenação (nMDS) e ANOSIM mostraram magnitude significativa das diferenças entre as parcelas invadidas e controle em todos os locais. A diminuição nos índices de diversidade estudados em locais invadidos por controle indicou que as comunidades de plantas se tornam menos produtivas por causa da invasão de Lantana.


Subject(s)
Lantana , Pakistan , Plants
15.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 42(1): 3-14, jan./jun. 2021. Ilus, Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247805

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: quantificar a abundância e a biomassa de moluscos bentônicos no Lago Igapó I, Londrina, Paraná, Brasil. Material e Métodos: foram realizadas duas coletas no Lago Igapó I, a primeira em junho de 2015 e a segunda em fevereiro de 2016. O substrato (incluindo os moluscos incrustados) foi amostrado utilizando um quadrante com área de 1 m2, onde 10 amostragens foram realizadas entre três pontos distintos do lago. Os moluscos capturados foram anestesiados e eutanasiados por superexposição ao gelo. Posteriormente, o material foi quantificado em abundância (n) e biomassa total (kg), e armazenado em tambores contendo formol 4% tamponado com carbonato de cálcio. Resultados: foram identificadas cinco espécies de moluscos, sendo três não nativas (Limnoperna fortunei, Corbicula fluminea e Melanoides tuberculata), uma nativa (Aylacostoma cf. tenuilabris) e um indivíduo do gênero Pomacea. Em ambas as coletas, L. fortunei compreendeu aproximadamente 90% da abundância e biomassa total. A partir da densidade média de L. fortunei e a área total do Lago Igapó I, estimou-se que a população total de mexilhões-dourados pode chegar a 633 milhões de indivíduos, correspondendo a 638 toneladas de biomassa. Conclusão: é evidente a dominância da espécie invasora L. fortunei no Lago Igapó I, onde esta pode causar diversos efeitos negativos, como alterações no ciclo de nutrientes, redução de espécies nativas, introdução de parasitos, bioacumulação de metais pesados na cadeia trófica, diminuição da qualidade da água para uso humano e obstrução de encanamentos com risco de alagamentos. Desta forma, recomenda-se uma imediata ação de manejo neste ambiente para retirada de indivíduos da espécie, com consequente redução de sua abundância.(AU)


Objective: quantify the abundance and biomass of benthic molluscs in Igapó Lake I, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil. Material and Methods: two samplings was made at Igapó Lake I, first in June 2015 and then in February 2016. The substrate (including all embedded molluscs) was sampled using a 1 m2 quadrant, where 10 samples were taken between three distinct points from the lake. All molluscs captured were anesthetized and euthanized by overexposure to ice. Subsequently, the material was quantified in quantity (n) and total biomass (kg), and stored in barrels containing 4% formaldehyde buffered with calcium carbonate. Results: five species of molluscs were identified, three non native species (Limnoperna fortunei, Corbicula fluminea and Melanoides tuberculata), one native (Aylacostoma cf. tenuilabris) and one Pomacea sp. In both sampling, L. fortunei comprised approximately 90% of the abundance and total biomass. From the average density of L. fortunei and the total area of the Igapó Lake I, it was estimated that the total population of golden mussels can reach 633 million individuals, corresponding to 638 tons of biomass. Conclusion: the dominance of the invasive species L. fortunei in Igapó Lake I is evident, where it can cause several negative effects, such as alterations in the nutrient cycle, reduction of native species, introduction of parasites, bioaccumulation of heavy metals in the food chain, decreased quality of water for human use and obstruction of pipes obstruction with risk of overflow. Therefore, we recommend an immediate management action in this environment in order to remove individuals of this species and, consequently, to reduce its abundance. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Lakes , Bivalvia , Introduced Species , Parasites , Nutrients , Mollusca
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877210

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of silencing the endoplasmic reticulum stress-related protein calnexin on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells. @* Methods @#Calnexin siRNA was transfected into SCC-9 and SCC-25 tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells, and the expression of calnexin was detected by qRT-PCR. The silencing effect of calnexin siRNA was further verified by Western blotting. CCK-8 assay was applied to detect the effect of silencing calnexin on the proliferation of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells; Transwell assay was used to detect the effect of silencing calnexin on the invasion and migration of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells.@* Results @#qRT-PCR showed that calnexin siRNA could effectively downregulate the expression of calnexin. Western blot analysis further confirmed the silencing effect of calnexin siRNA on calnexin. The CCK-8 assay showed that silencing calnexin expression on the 4th and 5th days could inhibit the proliferation of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The Transwell assay showed that knockdown of calnexin could inhibit the invasion and migration of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells (P < 0.001).@*Conclusion@#Knockdown of calnexin can inhibit the proliferation, invasion, and migration of tongue squamous cell carcinoma cells.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 309-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876691

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of microvascular invasion (MVI) on prognosis of recipients after liver transplantation for primary liver cancer (liver cancer). Methods Clinical data of 177 recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into the MVI-positive group (n=64) and MVI-negative group (n=113) according to postoperative pathological examination results. Clinical data were statistically compared of all recipients between the negative and positive MVI groups. The prognosis and risk factors of liver transplantation recipients for liver cancer were analyzed. Results Among 177 recipients, 64 cases (36.2%) were positive for MVI and 113 (63.8%) negative for MVI. Compared with the MVI-negative recipients, MVI-positive recipients had significantly lower degree of tumor differentiation, higher preoperative alpha-fetaprotein (AFP) level, larger maximal tumor diameter, a larger quantity of tumors, more satellite lesions and more recipients who did not meet the Milan criteria (all P < 0.05). The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer were 80.2%, 62.1%, 58.5% and 66.3%, 57.5%, 51.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS and RFS of MVI-positive recipients were 70%, 39%, 35% and 53%, 39%, 33%, significantly lower than 86%, 75%, 72% and 73%, 68%, 63% of their counterparts negative for MVI (all P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that the maximal tumor diameter >8 cm, preoperative AFP level ≥20 ng/mL, low degree of tumor differentiation and positive MVI were the independent risk factors for OS of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer (all P < 0.05). Positive MVI, low degree of tumor differentiation and preoperative down-staging failure were the independent risk factors for RFS of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer (all P < 0.05). Conclusions MVI is of significant clinical value in predicting clinical prognosis of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876119

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the effect of breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) on the proliferation, migration and invasion of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) H1650 cells through Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Methods: WB and qPCR were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of BRCA1 in NSCLC A549, H1299, H1650 cells and normal lung epithelial BEAS-2B cell. A stable BRCA1 over-expression cell line (LV-BRCA1) was constructed in H1650 cells, and blank control group (NC), negative control group (LV-BRCA1-NC), experimental group (LV-BRCA1) and inhibitor group (LV-BRCA1+XAV-939) were set up. The proliferative activity of cells in each group was detected by MTT assay, the migration ability of cells was detected by scratch test, the invasive ability of cells was detected by Transwell method, and the protein expression levels of BRCA1, cyclin D1, β-catenin, c-Myc and Cox2 were detected by WB. Results: The mRNA and protein expression levels of BRCA1 in NSCLC cells were significantly higher than those in BEAS-2B cells (all P<0.01). Up-regulation of BRCA1 expression in H1650 cells could significantly enhance cell proliferation, migration and invasion (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and increase the protein expressions of cyclin D1, β-catenin, c-Myc, Cox2 and c-Jun (P<0.05 or P<0.01). β-catenin inhibitor XAV-939 significantly down-regulated the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of H1650 cells over-expressing BRCA1, and decreased the protein expressions of cyclin D1, β-catenin, c-Myc, Cox2 and c-Jun (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion: BRCA1 can promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of NSCLC H1650 cells by activating Wnt/β-catenin pathway, and it is expected to be a potential diagnostic biomarker and treatment target for NSCLC.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876057

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To observe the expression of long-chain non-coding RNA (lncRNA) TPTEP1 in bladder cancer tissues and cells, and to observe its effect on the proliferation and invasion of bladder cancer cells and its molecular mechanism. Methods: From August 2017 to October 2019, 43 cases of bladder cancer tissues and paracancer tissues from the patients treated by surgery in the Department Urology, People's Hospital of Dongxihu Distric of Wuhan City. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of lncRNA TPTEP1 in bladder cancer tissues and bladder cancer cell lines (T24, BIU-87, 5637, J82, UM-UC-3). The bladder cancer cells with the lowest lncRNA TPTEP1 expression were selected as the experimental object, and transfected with the negative control plasmid (the control group) and lncRNA TPTEP1 over-expression plasmid (the experimental group), respectively. The effect of lncRNA TPTEP1 upregulation on cell proliferation and invasion was detected by MTT method and Transwell experiment. Bioinformatics techniques were used to predict the possible target molecules of lncRNA TPTEP1. qPCR and WB were used to detect the expression levels of lncRNA TPTEP1 downstream molecules. Results: Compared with adjacent tissues, the expression of lncRNA TPTEP1 in bladder cancer tissues was down-regulated (P<0.01). Compared with normal bladder epithelial cells, the expression of lncRNA TPTEP1 in bladder cancer cell lines was down-regulated (P<0.05), and its expression in T24 cells was the lowest (P<0.01). Up-regulation of lncRNA TPTEP1 could inhibit the proliferation (P<0.05) and invasion (P<0.01) of T24 cells. Bioinformatics technology showed that lncRNA TPTEP1 could bind with miR-129-5p, and miR-129-5p could bind with EMP3; up-regulating lncRNA TPTEP1 could inhibit the expression of miR-129-5p in T24 cells (P<0.01), and indirectly promote the mRNA and protein expressions of EMP3 (P<0.01) in T24 cells. The expression of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway related proteins such as p-MEK, p-ERK1/2, p-AKT and p-PI3K decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion: Up-regulating the low-expressed lncRNA TPTEP1 in bladder cancer cell lines can inhibit the proliferation and invasion of bladder cancer T24 cells, and its mechanism is related to indirect promotion of EMP3 gene expression by down-regulating the expression of miR-129-5p.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876056

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the expression changes of miR-96 in endometrial cancer tissues and cells, and to explore its effect on tumor malignant phenotypes as well as the possible mechanisms. Methods:From April 2016 to December 2018, 76 cases of endometrial cancer tissues from 76 patients who were surgically treated in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of our hospital were selected for this study. qPCR was used to detect the expression of miR-96 in human endometrial cancer tissues and cells, and the correlation between the miR-96 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of patients was analyzed. miR-96 inhibitor was transfected into human endometrial cancer Ishikawa cells in vitro. After transfection, the expression of miR-96 in Ishikawa cells was detected by qPCR; the tumor biological behaviors of Ishikawa cells were detected by CCK-8 test, Clone formation test, Flow cytometry, Scratch test and Transwell test; and the FOXO1 protein expression in Ishikawa cells was detected by WB. At the same time, Dual luciferase reporter gene assay was used to observe the targeting relationship between miR-96 and FOXO1. Results: The results of qPCR showed that the expression of miR-96 was abnormally high in human endometrial cancer cells (JEC, Ishikawa, HEC-1B) and endometrial cancer tissues (all P<0.01), and the expression of miR-96 was closely related to FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). After transfection with miR-96 inhibitor, the expression level of miR-96 in Ishikawa cells decreased significantly (P<0.01), the proliferation activity and clone formation ability decreased significantly (all P<0.01), the apoptotic rate increased significantly (P<0.01), and the scratch healing rate and the number of invasive transmembrane cells decreased significantly (P<0.01). Dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that miR-96 could directly target FOXO1, and WB showed that miR-96 could negatively regulate FOXO1 protein expression in Ishikawa cells (P<0.01). Conclusion: The expression of miR-96 is abnormally high in endometrial cancer tissues and cells. Inhibiting the expression of miR-96 can inhibit the proliferation, invasion and migration of endometrial cancer cells and promote their apoptosis. The mechanism may be related to the targeted regulation of FOXO1.

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