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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940426

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and mechanism of Mori Folium extract on the glucose and lipid metabolism disorders in the liver of rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/peroxisome proliferation-activated receptor α/carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 (PI3K/Akt/PPARα/CPT-1) signaling pathway. MethodThe T2DM model was induced by the high-fat diet combined with the intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The model rats were randomly divided into a model group, a metformin (0.2 g·kg-1) group, and a Mori Folium water extract (4.0 g·kg-1) group according to blood glucose and body weight. In the 8-week administration, fasting blood glucose was measured at the same time every week. The histomorphological and fat changes in the rat liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and oil red O staining. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the serum were measured by biochemical methods. Western blot (WB) was used to quantitatively detect the protein expression of p-PI3K,PI3K,p-Akt,Akt,PPARα,and CPT-1 in the rat liver. ResultAfter 8-week administration, the blood glucose of rats was higher in the model group than that in the control group (P<0.01), and lower in the Mori Folium water extract group than that in the model group (P<0.01). The results of HE staining showed that the liver tissue structure of the control group was complete, and the hepatocytes were arranged radially around the central vein, while the hepatocyte injury in the model group was obvious. Compared with the model group, the Mori Folium water extract group showed improved vacuolar degeneration and no lesions such as small bile duct hyperplasia. Oil red O staining showed that there was no obvious steatosis and necrosis in the hepatocytes of rats in the control group, and no lipid droplets in the hepatocytes were observed, while the model group showed increased lipid droplets. Mori Folium significantly reduced the lipid droplets in the liver. Biochemical analysis showed that the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, AST, and ALT in the model group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.01). The levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, AST, and ALT in the Mori Folium water extract group were significantly lower than those in the model group (P<0.05,P<0.01). WB showed that the protein expression of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-Akt/Akt, PPARα, and CPT-1 in the model group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). Mori Folium water extract could increase the protein expression of p-PI3K/PI3K, p-Akt/Akt, PPARα, and CPT-1 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). ConclusionThe hypoglycemic mechanism of Mori Folium water extract may be related to the regulation of the PI3K/Akt/PPARα/CPT-1 signaling pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of early-life (intrauterine and breastfeeding period) exposure to angiotensin Ⅱ type 1 receptor autoantibody (AT 1-AA) on lipid metabolism in offspring rats. Methods:Thirty-two AT 1-AA negative healthy nonpregnant specific pathogen free female Sprague Dawley rats weighing 150-170 g were randomly divided into two groups. Those in the immune group ( n=16) were subcutaneously injected with the mixture of an equal volume of Freund's adjuvant and the second extracellular loop of human-derived angiotensin Ⅱ receptor type 1 (AT1R-ECⅡ) repeatedly to establish the AT 1-AA-positive rat model by active immunization and those in the control group ( n=16) with normal saline solution. Before each immunization, blood samples were collected from the tail of rats to detect serum AT 1-AA levels of those rats in both groups, and the AT 1-AA-positive rat model was successfully established when the serum AT 1-AA was positive and its level reached a plateau. After eight weeks of immunization, the female rats in the two groups were mated with healthy AT 1-AA-negative male rats to conceive. Serum samples were collected from the maternal and offspring rats at the gestation of 18 days (G18), postnatal 21 days (P21), and from the normally fed offspring rats from the time of weaning to 12 weeks old (W12). Active immunization was not performed on the offspring throughout the experiment. The serum AT 1-AA levels of maternal and offspring rats were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and serum AT1-AA was positive when the ratio of AT1-AA level of the immune group over the control group ≥2.1. The blood lipid levels of maternal and offspring rats were measured by an automatic biochemical analyzer. Serum AT 1-AA levels, total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol [instead of high-density lipoprotein (HDL)], low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and free fatty acid levels of the offspring and maternal rats were determined for correlation analysis. Two independent sample t-test, linear regression analysis, and analysis of variance were adopted for statistical analysis. Results:(1) The serum levels of AT 1-AA in maternal rats at G18 and P21 in the immune group were significantly higher than those in the control group (G18: 1.170±0.190 vs 0.114±0.016, t=14.64; P21: 0.988±0.283 vs 0.084±0.006, t=9.57; both P<0.001). (2) The serum levels of AT 1-AA in the offspring at G18 and P21 in the immune group were significantly higher than those in the control group (offspring at G18: 0.948±0.220 vs 0.105±0.010, t=10.10; male offspring at P21: 0.758±0.273 vs 0.080±0.002, t=7.46; female offspring at P21: 0.774±0.274 vs 0.084±0.005, t=7.55; all P<0.001), which showed a positive correlation with those in maternal rats at the same period (offspring at G18: R=0.78; male offspring at P21: R=0.82; female offspring at P21: R=0.82; all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the serum AT 1-AA level in offspring at W12 between the immune and control group ( P>0.05). (3) The serum levels of TC at G18 and P21, and HDL at P21 in maternal rats in the immune group were all higher than those in the control group [TC at G18: (2.36±0.32) vs (1.95±0.24) mmol/L, t=2.70; P21: (2.82±0.50) vs (2.18±0.26) mmol/L, t=3.41; HDL at P21: (1.94±0.33) vs (1.57±0.23) mmol/L, t=2.80; all P<0.05]. (4) Compared with the offspring in the control group, there was no significant change in lipid metabolism at G18 and W12 in the offspring in the immune group (both P>0.05). The serum levels of TC and HDL in male and female offspring at P21 in the immune group were higher than their counterparts in the control[TC in male offspring: (2.38±0.52) vs (1.83±0.30) mmol/L, t=2.73; HDL in male offspring: (1.44±0.32) vs (1.07±0.18) mmol/L, t=2.98; TC in female offspring: (2.50±0.72) vs (1.70±0.26) mmol/L, t=3.16; HDL in female offspring: (1.41±0.33) vs (1.00±0.14) mmol/L, t=3.41; all P<0.05]. (5) The serum levels of TC and HDL in male and female offspring at P21 in the immune group showed no correlation with those in maternal rats at P21 (all R<0.5, all P>0.05). The serum levels of HDL in male and female offspring at P21 in the immune group had a positive correlation with their own serum TC levels (male offspring: R=0.98; female offspring: R=0.97; both P<0.001) and also with their own serum AT 1-AA levels (male offspring: R=0.74, P=0.023; female offspring: R=0.91, P=0.001). The serum levels of TC in male and female offspring at P21 in the immune group had a positive correlation with their serum AT 1-AA levels (male offspring: R=0.72, P=0.030; female offspring: R=0.90, P=0.001). Conclusion:The early-life exposure to AT 1-AA may cause abnormal expression of TC and HDL in offspring rats.

3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 39-48, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285237

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O aumento significativo de doenças cardiovasculares em países em desenvolvimento alerta sobre seu impacto em populações carentes. Objetivo Identificar a relação de agrupamentos de componentes da síndrome metabólica (SM) com aterosclerose e inflamação crônica em adultos e idosos. Métodos Análise transversal usando dados de dois estudos populacionais de tipo coorte realizados em Florianópolis, sul do Brasil (EpiFloripa Adult Cohort Study, n = 862, 39,9±11,5 anos; EpiFloripa Aging Cohort Study, n = 1197, 69,7±7,1 anos). Pressão arterial (PA), circunferência da cintura (CC), e níveis plasmáticos de lipídio e glicose foram analisados como fatores individuais ou como agrupamentos de componentes da SM (como número de componentes presentes em um indivíduo ou como combinações). Os desfechos incluíram espessura intima-media carotídea (EIMC), placas ateroscleróticas, e níveis de proteína C reativa (CRP). Regressão linear múltipla e regressão logística, ajustadas quanto aos fatores de confusão, foram usadas para análise. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados Indivíduos com PA e CC elevadas, dislipidemia e hiperglicemia (61,5%) apresentaram maiores valores de EIMC e PCR que aqueles que não apresentaram componentes de SM. CC elevada foi um determinante comum de inflamação sistêmica, ao passo que a coexistência de PA elevada e CC elevada (agrupamentos de dois ou três fatores) associou-se com maior EIMC (β entre +3,2 e +6,1 x 10-2 mm; p < 0,05) e PCR (EXPβ entre 2,18 e 2,77; p < 0,05). Conclusão A coexistência de PA e CC elevadas associou-se com maiores valores de EIMC e níveis de PCR. A obesidade central, isolada ou em combinação com outros fatores de risco, teve efeito sobre a inflamação sistêmica.


Abstract Background The significant increase in cardiovascular diseases in developing countries alerts about their impact on underprivileged populations. Objective To identify the relationship of clusters of metabolic syndrome (MS) components with atherosclerosis and chronic inflammation among adults and elderly. Methods Cross-sectional analysis using data from two population-based cohort studies in Florianópolis, Southern Brazil (EpiFloripa Adult Cohort Study, n = 862, 39.9±11.5 years; EpiFloripa Aging Cohort Study, n = 1197, 69.7±7.1 years). Blood pressure (BP), waist circumference (WC), and lipid and glucose levels were analyzed as individual factors or as clusters (either as the number of components present in an individual or as combinations of components). Outcomes included carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), atherosclerotic plaques, and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses adjusted for confounding factors were used. The statistical significance adopted was 5%. Results Individuals with high BP, elevated WC, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia (6.1% of the sample) showed higher IMT and CRP than those negatives for all MetS components. Elevated WC was a common determinant of systemic inflammation, while the coexistence of high BP and elevated WC (clusters of two or three factors) was associated with higher IMT (β between +3.2 and +6.1 x 10-2 mm; p value < 0.05) and CRP (EXPβ between 2.18 and 2.77; p value < 0.05). Conclusion The coexistence of high BP and elevated WC was associated with increased IMT and CRP levels, but central obesity affected systemic inflammation either alone or in combination with other risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Atherosclerosis/epidemiology , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Inflammation
5.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 583-590, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) on lipid homeostasis and cellular injury of podocytes, and to clarify its mechanism.Methods:Twelve-week old C57BL/6 wild-type mice ( n=10) and PCSK9 knockout ( PCSK9 KO) mice ( n=10) were selected as the animal models. The renal tissues were taken after perfusion through heart. Mouse podocytes were transfected with PCSK9 siRNA to downregulate PCSK9 expression. BODIPY 493/503 staining was performed for evaluating lipid accumulation, and standard transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to observe the foot process of podocytes, the shape of mitochondria and lipid droplet in podocytes. TUNEL staining was carried out to evaluate cell apoptosis in glomerulus. The parameters about mitochondria function (key enzymes such as PGC-1α, CPT-1 and Acox-1) and apoptosis were quantified through qPCR and western blotting. Results:The lipid accumulation in glomerulus of PCSK9 KO mice were more serious than controls. The expression of PGC-1α protein and PGC-1α, CPT-1 and Acox-1 mRNA in PCSK9 KO mouse kidney tissues were decreased than controls (all P<0.05), and mitochondria swelling and cristae disappearance in podocytes of PCSK9 KO mice were observed. In PCSK9 KO group, the foot process of podocytes partially fused and disappeared, and the apoptosis index increased compared with the control group ( P<0.05). In vitro, compared with the control group, the lipid accumulation was more significant, transcription level of key enzymes related to mitochondrial function was decreased, mitochondrial structure was damaged and the apoptosis index was increased in cultured podocyte PCSK9 siRNA group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:PCSK9 is involved in the lipid homeostasis of podocytes. The decrease of PCSK9 results in the increase of intracellular lipid accumulation, accompanied by the mitochondrial structure damage and disfunction of podocytes, and leads to cell apoptosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799477

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the correlation between the promoter methylation of Sterol regulatory-element binding protein-2 (SREBP-2) and miR-33a expression as well as serum markers in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).@*Methods@#The case-control study. 100 participants who underwent coronary angiography from August 2017 to April 2018 in TaiheHospital, Hubei University of Medicine, were recruited in this study.The methylation level of two fragments, including 12 CpG sites in the promoter region of SREBP-2, have been detected by pyrosequencing in 50 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and 50 non-CAD controls. Serum miR-33a level and a panel of 15 CAD related biomarkers were examined by qPCR and routine biochemistry methods.@*Results@#Methylation level of one CpG site (F1-4 loci) in SREBP-2 promoter region were significant higher in CAD patients than in controls(4.56%±0.70% vs 3.54%±0.72%, t=-3.864, P<0.001); methylation level of F1-4 site was negatively correlates with the serum miR-33a levels and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels(r=-0.318, P=0.001; r=-0.225, P=0.024, respectively). Furthermore, F1-4 hypermethylation was an independent risk factor of CAD, independent of age, gender, histories of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes(OR=2.452, 95%CI=1.398-4.299, P=0.002).@*Conclusion@#These results suggest that DNA methylation and miRNA might cooperate to regulate the lipid metabolism in CAD.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1874-1879, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825048

ABSTRACT

The development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have complex potential mechanisms. The traditional “two-hit” pathophysiological theory has been challenged, and in recent years, an increasing number of studies have been performed to investigate the interaction between insulin resistance, adipokines, and other unknown pathogenic factors in various organs. This article summarizes the factors of the liver, intestinal tract, hypothalamus, and extracellular cysts, as well as genetic factors, with an emphasis on the synergistic mechanism of action of the liver and extrahepatic organs in the pathogenesis of NAFLD, in order to provide a reference for obtaining new insights into NAFLD regulatory network and determining new targets for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD.

8.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 31-37, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-994539

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Lipoaspiração associada a dermolipectomias é o procedimento cirúrgico mais comumente realizado em cirurgia plástica. Apesar de ser considerada uma cirurgia extremamente segura, algumas considerações devem ser levantadas a respeito dos possíveis efeitos metabólicos que essas cirurgias possam causar. O desenvolvimento da técnica tumescente de lipoaspiração permitiu a remoção de grande quantidade de gordura de modo mais seguro. O objetivo é comparar as variações do perfil lipídico em pós-operatório precoce e tardio de pacientes submetidos à lipoaspiração e dermolipectomias. Métodos: Entre outubro de 2006 e junho de 2012, 40 pacientes do sexo feminino candidatas a cirurgias que envolviam lipoaspiração e dermolipectomias foram acompanhadas prospectivamente e o perfil lipídico foi analisado por meio de exames no pré-operatório e no pós-operatório. As cirurgias realizadas foram: mamoplastia + lipoaspiração, abdominoplastia + lipoaspiração e lipoabdominoplastia + mamoplastia. Resultados: Das 40 pacientes que foram acompanhadas no estudo, 20 pacientes do sexo feminino foram selecionadas (após a aplicação dos critérios de exclusão). Em consonância com nosso estudo, Cazes, em 1996, demonstrou que após 12 meses de pós-operatório de lipoabdominoplastia não houve alteração do perfil lipídico das pacientes. Conclusão: Após análise pré- e pós-operatória de 20 pacientes, observamos que não há alterações estatísticas significantes em relação ao perfil lipídico com tendência de equilíbrio das aferições em um ano em patamares próximos aos observados no pré-operatório.


Introduction: Liposuction associated with dermolipectomies is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in plastic surgery. Although regarded as an extremely safe surgery, some considerations must be taken on the possible metabolic effects of these surgeries. The development of the tumescent technique in liposuction allowed the safer removal of large amounts of fat. The objective is to compare lipid profile variations in the early and late postoperative period in patients undergoing liposuction and dermolipectomies. Methods: Between October 2006 and June 2012, 40 female patients who were candidates for surgeries involving liposuction and dermolipectomies were prospectively followed, and the lipid profile was analyzed through preoperative and postoperative examinations. The surgeries performed were mammoplasty + liposuction, abdominoplasty + liposuction, and lipoabdominoplasty + mammoplasty. Results: Of the 40 female patients who were followed, 20 were selected (after applying the exclusion criteria). In agreement with our study, in 1996, Cazes showed that there were no changes in the lipid profile of patients 12 months after lipoabdominoplasty. Conclusion: After a preoperative and postoperative analysis of 20 patients, it was observed that there were no statistically significant changes in the lipid profile and that the measurements after 1 year were close to those obtained in the preoperative period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Triglycerides/analysis , Triglycerides/biosynthesis , Lipectomy/methods , Case-Control Studies , Lipid Metabolism Disorders/complications , Lipid Metabolism Disorders/diagnosis , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800642

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effects of the classical prescriptions Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction combined with conventional western medicine on the lipid metabolism disorder and changes of intestinal microflora in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).@*Methods@#A total of 120 patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into the two group according to the treatment order, with 60 patients in each group. Both groups were given conventional hypoglycemic therapy, the control group was given bifidobacteria lactobacillus triple viable tablets, and the treatment group was given Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated with 14 days for one course and 4 courses in total. The number of gram-positive coccus (G+c), gram-negative coccus (G-c), gram-positive bacillus (G+b) and gram-negative bacillus (G-b) in each 500 bacteria were observed under oil microscope, and the cocci/bacillus ratio were calculated. The TC and TG were detected by oxidase method, and HDL and LDL were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. The FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. TCM symptom scores were calculated.@*Results@#After treatment, the abdominal distension, congestion discomfort, and constipation score were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.685, 3.551 and 3.708, respectively, all Ps<0.05); Serum TG, TC and LDL-c levels were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.602, 3.581 and 3.421, respectively, all Ps<0.05); HDL-c level was significantly higher than that of the control group (t=3.358, P=0.046); Serum FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c levels were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.502, 3.271 and 3.708, respectively, all Ps<0.05). After treatment, the G-c (271.47/500 ± 22.63/500 vs. 266.81/500 ± 22.36/500, t=3.792), G+b (81.26/500 ± 6.52/500 vs. 73.19/500 ± 6.94/500, t=3.511), G-b (183.76/500 ± 16.19/500 vs. 164.37/500 ± 15.83/500, t=3.306) levels in the treatment group significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, both c/b levels was (0.65 ± 0.13 vs. 0.87 ± 0.21, t=3.325) decreased significantly (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction combined with conventional western medicine can improve the clinical symptoms of T2DM patients, reduce blood glucose and lipid levels, and inhibit the body mass and improve insulin resistance by adjusting the structure of intestinal flora, increasing probiotics and reducing pathogenic bacteria.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823588

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of the classical prescriptions Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction combined with conventional western medicine on the lipid metabolism disorder and changes of intestinal microflora in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods A total of 120 patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into the two group according to the treatment order, with 60 patients in each group. Both groups were given conventional hypoglycemic therapy, the control group was given bifidobacteria lactobacillus triple viable tablets, and the treatment group was given Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated with 14 days for one course and 4 courses in total. The number of gram-positive coccus (G+c), gram-negative coccus (G-c), gram-positive bacillus (G+b) and gram-negative bacillus (G-b) in each 500 bacteria were observed under oil microscope, and the cocci/bacillus ratio were calculated. The TC and TG were detected by oxidase method, and HDL and LDL were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. The FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. TCM symptom scores were calculated. Results After treatment, the abdominal distension, congestion discomfort, and constipation score were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.685, 3.551 and 3.708, respectively, all Ps<0.05); Serum TG, TC and LDL-c levels were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.602, 3.581 and 3.421, respectively, all Ps<0.05); HDL-c level was significantly higher than that of the control group (t=3.358, P=0.046); Serum FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c levels were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.502, 3.271 and 3.708, respectively, all Ps<0.05). After treatment, the G-c (271.47/500 ± 22.63/500 vs. 266.81/500 ± 22.36/500, t=3.792), G+b (81.26/500 ± 6.52/500 vs. 73.19/500 ± 6.94/500, t=3.511), G-b (183.76/500 ± 16.19/500 vs. 164.37/500 ± 15.83/500, t=3.306) levels in the treatment group significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, both c/b levels was (0.65 ± 0.13 vs. 0.87 ± 0.21, t=3.325) decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusions Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction combined with conventional western medicine can improve the clinical symptoms of T2DM patients, reduce blood glucose and lipid levels, and inhibit the body mass and improve insulin resistance by adjusting the structure of intestinal flora, increasing probiotics and reducing pathogenic bacteria.

11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(6): 764-770, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973820

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The use of combined oral contraceptive (COC) has been related to changes in glycemic, lipid metabolism, increased oxidative stress, and systemic blood pressure, which could suggest a higher oxidation of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol) in women on use of COC. Objective: To test the hypothesis that there is a difference in the plasma values of oxidized LDL among women who use and do not use COC, as well as to evaluate the correlation between it and the lipid profile and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP). Methods: Forty-two women with ages between 18 and 35 years old, who were eutrophic, irregularly active, with triglycerides < 150 mg/dL, blood glucose < 100 mg/dL, and who used or did not use COC were selected. These women were allocated in the COC group, formed by 21 women on COC use for at least 1 year; and a control group (CG), consisting of 21 women who had not used any type of hormonal contraceptive for at least 1 year. A significance level of 5% was adopted for statistical analyses. Results: It was observed that GCOC showed higher values of oxidized LDL than the CG, respectively 384 mU/mL versus 283 mU/mL (p < 0.01). A positive correlation between oxidized LDL and LDL-cholesterol (r = 0.3, p < 0.05), with total cholesterol (r = 0.47, p < 0.01) and with triglycerides (r = 0.32, p < 0.03) was observed, and there was no correlation with the hs-CRP. In the categorized analysis of oxidized LDL, 71.4% of GCOC women, and 28.6% of the CG remained above the established cutoff point. Conclusion: Women who use COC have higher plasma levels of oxidized LDL, and there is a positive correlation between oxidized LDL and other lipid variables.


Resumo Fundamento: O uso de contraceptivo oral combinado (COC) tem sido relacionado com alterações no metabolismo glicêmico, lipídico, maior estresse oxidativo e pressão arterial sistêmica, o que poderia sugerir maior oxidação da lipoproteína de baixa densidade colesterol (LDL-colesterol) em mulheres que utilizam COC. Objetivo: Testar a hipótese de que existe diferença nos valores plasmáticos da LDL-oxidada entre mulheres que utilizam e não utilizam COC, bem como avaliar a correlação entre ela e o perfil lipídico e proteína C reativa de alta sensibilidade (PCR-as). Métodos: Foram selecionadas 42 mulheres com idade entre 18 e 35 anos, eutróficas, irregularmente ativas, com triglicerídeos < 150 mg/dL, glicemia < 100 mg/dL e que utilizavam ou não COC. Essas foram alocadas no grupo COC, formado por 21 mulheres em uso COC há pelo menos 1 ano; e grupo controle (GC), composto por 21 mulheres que não utilizavam nenhum tipo de contraceptivo hormonal há pelo menos 1 ano. Adotado um nível de significância de 5% para as análises estatísticas. Resultados: Foi observado que o GCOC apresenta valores mais elevados da LDL-oxidada que o GC, respectivamente 384 mU/mL versus 283 mU/mL (p < 0,01). Também foi observado correlação positiva entre a LDL-oxidada e a LDL-colesterol (r = 0,3, p < 0,05), com o colesterol total (r = 0,47, p < 0,01) e com os triglicerídeos (r = 0,32, p < 0,03), não havendo correlação com a PCR-as. Na análise categorizada da LDL-oxidada, 71,4% das mulheres do GCOC e 28,6% do GC mantiveram-se acima do ponto de corte estabelecido. Conclusão: Mulheres que utilizam COC apresentam valores plasmáticos mais elevados da LDL-oxidada, existindo, correlação positiva entre a LDL-oxidada e outras variáveis lipídicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/blood , Lipoproteins, LDL/blood , Triglycerides/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Oxidative Stress , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined/pharmacology , Lipoproteins, LDL/drug effects , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
13.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 31(2): 183-197, Mar.Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041252

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed at validating the associations between the consumption of antioxidant nutrients as well as lipid alterations and cardiometabolic risks in adolescents. Methods This cross-sectional study included 327 adolescents aged 14-19 years. Sociodemographic and dietary information, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements, and biochemical data were obtained. Cardiometabolic risk was calculated by aggregating the risk factors, which were expressed as the sum of Z-scores. Poisson regression was performed to estimate the prevalence ratios. Results In boys, low intake of zinc was associated with elevated total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, whereas it was associated with low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol levels in girls, thus indicating a cardiometabolic risk. Furthermore, low intake of copper was associated with high triglyceride levels and cardiometabolic risk in girls. The high prevalence ratios of high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol levels and cardiometabolic risk were higher in those with low intake of vitamin A. Among girls, associations were also observed between lower intake of vitamin A and high triglyceride levels. Low intake of vitamin C among boys was associated with elevated high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Among girls, the intake of this vitamin was associated with lower low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. In girls, low intake of vitamin E was associated with low low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and high total cholesterol levels. Conclusion The associations between antioxidant micronutrients as well as lipid alterations and cardiometabolic risk emphasize the importance of encouraging the consumption of foods that are rich in these nutrients to modulate lipid alterations and cardiometabolic risk.


RESUMO Objetivo Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo verificar as associações entre o consumo de nutrientes antioxidantes e as alterações lipídicas e o risco cardiometabólico em adolescentes. Métodos Trata-se de estudo transversal com 327 adolescentes de 14 a 19 anos de idade. Investigaram-se dados sociodemográficos, antropométricos, pressóricos, bioquímicos e de consumo alimentar. O risco cardiometabólico foi calculado por meio da agregação dos fatores de risco, expressa pela soma dos escores Z. Realizou-se a regressão de Poisson para estimar as razões de prevalência. Resultados O baixo consumo de zinco associou-se a elevados níveis de CT e triglicérides para os meninos, e a níveis baixos de HDL-c e elevados de LDL-c e CT para as meninas, demonstrando risco. Além disso, a baixa ingestão de cobre associou-se a altos níveis de triglicérides e risco cardiometabólico para as meninas. A razão de prevalência nos níveis elevados de LDL-c, CT e risco cardiometabólico foi maior entre os adolescentes que apresentavam baixa ingestão de vitamina A. Foram observadas também associações, no sexo feminino, da menor ingestão de vitamina A com altos níveis de triglicérides. A baixa ingestão de vitamina C nos meninos mostrou associações com LDL-c e triglicérides elevado, enquanto nas meninas essa vitamina associou-se com menores níveis de HDL-c. O baixo consumo de vitamina E, para as meninas, apresentou associações com níveis baixos de HDL-c e elevados de CT. Conclusão As associações entre os micronutrientes antioxidantes e as alterações lipídicas e risco cardiometabólico ressaltam a importância de estimular o consumo de alimentos que sejam fonte desses nutrientes, com o objetivo de modular as alterações lipídicas e o risco cardiometabólico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Eating , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adolescent , Micronutrients , Functional Food , Lipid Metabolism , Antioxidants
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733875

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy of Danqi Yishen capsule in the treatment of diabetic nephrop-athy(DN),and the effect on laboratory indicators.Methods From March 2016 to December 2016,70 patients with DN in the Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital of Shanxi Province were selected and divided into control group and observation group according to the different treatment method,with 35 cases in each group.The control group was given basic symptomatic treatment,and the observation group was given Danqi Yishen capsule on the basis of treat-ment in the control group.Both two groups were treated for 8 weeks.The clinical efficacy and changes of laboratory indicators were compared between the two groups.Results The total effective rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (88.57% vs.62.86%),and the difference was statistically signifi-cant(P<0.05).After treatment,the levels of fasting plasma glucose(FPG),2h postprandial blood glucose(2hPG),total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride(TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) in the observation group were (5.81 ±0.75)mmol/L,(7.64 ±2.12) mmol/L,(4.91 ±1.03) mmol/L,(1.71 ±0.46) mmol/L,(2.25 ± 0.69)mmol/L,respectively,which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(6.37 ±0.92)mmol/L,(8.96 ±1.97)mmol/L,(4.91 ±1.03)mmol/L,(2.17 ±0.52)mmol/L,(3.26 ±1.05)mmol/L](t =2.791,2.698,3.321,3.920,4.756,all P<0.05).The levels of 24h urinary protein excretion(UAER),urinary β2-micro-globulin(β2-MG),urinary albumin and creatinine ratio(ACR) in the observation group were (104.12 ±0.61)mg/24h,(256.72 ±96.43)μg/L,(73.86 ±33.12),respectively,which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(139.87 ±38.45 ) mg/24h,( 431.12 ±97.84 ) μg/L,( 125.84 ±38.96 )] ( all P <0.05 ). Conclusion Danqi Yishen capsule can significantly relieve the clinical symptoms in patients with DN,and improve the therapeutic effect.Its mechanism may be associated with lowering blood glucose,regulating blood lipids and reducing urinary protein.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733818

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effects of hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) in the treatment of elderly patients with end-stage renal disease.Methods The clinical data of 100 elderly patients with end-stage renal disease who were treated in the People's Hospital of Beilun District from March 2013 to April 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were divided into HD group and PD group according to the treatment methods,with 50cases in each group.The 2-year survival rate of the patients in the two groups was observed,and the differences of renal function,nutritional index and lipid metabolism were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.Results Before treatment,there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in the levels of proinflammatory cytokines.After treatment,the levels of IL-18 [(56.22 ± 7.32) mg/L],IL-6 [(12.18 ± 2.03)mg/L] and hs-CRP[(8.54 ± 1.12)mg/L] in the HD group were lower than those in the PD group [(78.46 ± 7.28) mg/L,(15.23 ± 2.25) mg/L,(10.23 ± 1.67) mg/L] (t =15.233,7.117,5.943,all P < 0.001).After treatment,the levels of BUN [(6.22 ± 1.05) mmol/L],SCr[(115.44 ± 10.84) μmol/L] in the HD group were lower than those in the PD group [(8.87 ± 1.22) mmol/L,(134.52 ± 15.23) μmol/L] (t =5.943,7.217,all P < 0.001),the GFR[(8.15 ± 13.35)mL/min] of the HD group was higher than that of the PD group [(9.26 ± 12.58) mL/min] (t =-4.969,P < 0.001).Before treatment,the nutrition indicators between two groups had no statistically significant difference.After treatment,the levels of ALB [(53.62 ± 4.13)g/L],PA[(342.15 ± 15.02) mg/L] and Hb [(115.86 ± 10.02)g/L] in the HD group were higher than those in the PD group [(45.95 ± 5.57) g/L,(228.36 ± 12.23) mg/L,(98.02 ± 7.12) g/L] (t =-7.821,-41.541,-10.263,all P < 0.001).Before treatment,the lipid metabolism indicators between the two groups had no statistically significant differences(all P>0.05).After treatment,the levels of TC[(4.78 ±0.98) mmol/L],LDL[(2.51 ±0.97) mmol/L] in the HD group were lower than those in the PD group [(5.53 ± 1.02) mmol/L,(2.89 ± 1.03) mmol/L] (t =3.749,1.899,all P < 0.05),the level of HDL [(1.39 ± 0.46) mmol/L] of the HD group was higher than that of the PD group [(1.22 ± 0.34) mmol/L] (t =-2.101,P < 0.001).The 2-year survival rate in the HD group was 96.00%,and that in the PD group was 86.00%.There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the 2-year survival rate (P > 0.05).Conclusion HD has better therapeutic effect on elderly patients with end-stage renal disease,it can significantly improve the metabolic level of patients and improve the survival rate of patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 845-850, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711170

ABSTRACT

Objectives To evaluate the role of PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9) on the lipid accumulation and kidney injury of C57BL/6 mice. Methods The 24 h urine of 12 weeks old wide type C57BL/6 mice and PCSK9 knockout (KO) mice were collected through a metabolic cage, followed by perfusion and sacrifice. Urinary microalbumin?to?creatinine ratio (UACr), total cholesterol and triglyceride in kidney tissues were measured by ELISA. BODIPY 493/503 staining and standard transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of kidney tissues was performed for evaluating lipid accumulation and podocyte foot effacement in the kidney. Kidney tissues were also evaluated by PAS stain and TUNNEL stain. PCSK9, podocin and nephrin were quantified through real?time PCR, and the Bcl?2, Bax and cleaved caspase 3 were evaluated by Western blotting. Results Total cholesterol and triglyceride contents were higher in the kidneys of PCSK9 KO mice than controls (P<0.05). The level of lipid accumulation in glomeruli and tubules through BODIPY 493/503 stain, and the amount of lipid drop in TEM were more serious in PCSK9 KO mice. UACr and podocyte foot process effacement were increased, and the transcription of podocin and nephrin were decreased in the kidneys of PCSK9 KO mice (all P<0.05). The expression of Bcl?2 was decreased, and Bax and cleavedcaspase 3 were increased in the kidney samples of PCSK9 KO mice. Conclusion PCSK9 might be reversely involved in lipid homeostasis and accumulation, resulting in injury and apoptosis in the kidneys of C57BL/6 mice.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 765-770, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711162

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of autophagy in high glucose-induced podocyte lipid droplet metabolism.Methods (1) Cultured,conditionally immortalized human podocytes (HPC)were divided into normal control group,high glucose group and mannitol group.Oil red O staining and oil red O staining extraction assay was used to observe the degree of lipid accumulation;Protein level of SREBP-1 was analyzed by Western blotting.(2) HPC were cultured and divided into normal control group,high glucose group,high glucose+3-methyladenine (3-MA) group,and mannitol group.Acridine orange staining was used to observe the formation of autophagosomes.Western blotting was used to detect the protein levels of beclin-1 and LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ.Oil red O staining and oil red O staining extraction assay was used to observe the degree of lipid accumulation;Western blotting was used to analyze the expression of SREBP-1.Results (1) Compared with the normal control group,the lipid accumulation in the high glucose group was increased and the lipid metabolism related molecule SREBP-1 was up-regulated (P < 0.05);There was no significant difference between the normal control group and the mannitol group in lipid accumulation (P > 0.05).(2) Compared with the normal group,the number of autophagosomes was increased and autophagy-related proteins beclin-1 and LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ were up-regulated in high glucose group (all P < 0.05).After intervened with 3-methyladenine,a significant decrease in autophagosomes was observed;Protein levels of autophagy-related proteinsbeclin-1 and LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ were decreased (all P < 0.05);The lipid droplets in the high glucose+3-MA group was decreased and lipid metabolism related molecule SREBP-1 was down-regulated (all P <0.05).Conclusion Autophagy may be involved in the process of high-glucose-induced podocyte lipid accumulation by affecting SREBP-1 expression,and inhibition of autophagy can alleviate the high-glucose-induced podocyte lipid accumulation.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699427

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Objective :To analyze influence of resistance training on blood pressure and lipid metabolism in patients with essential hypertension (EH).Methods :A total of 150 EH patients diagnosed in our hospital were randomly and equally divided into routine education group (only received routine health education ) and resistance training group (received resistance training) ,both groups were observed for 12 weeks .Blood pressure and blood lipid levels were measured and compared between two groups before and after treatment .Results :Compared with routine education group after 12-week treatment ,there were significant reductions in systolic blood pressure [SBP ,(156.5 ± 21.3) mmHg vs.(139.6 ± 20.2) mmHg] ,diastolic blood pressure [DBP ,(91.5 ± 12.6) mmHg vs.(82.7 ± 12.8) mm-Hg] ,total cholesterol [TC ,(5.9 ± 2.1) mmol/L vs .(4.5 ± 2.0) mmol/L] ,triglyceride [TG ,(1.7 ± 0.5) mmol/L vs.(1.1 ± 0.4) mmol/L] and low density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C ,(2.9 ± 1.2) mmol/L vs.(2.0 ± 1.1) mmol/L] ,and significant rise in level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C ,(1.6 ± 0.3) mmol/L vs. (1.9 ± 0.4) mmol/L] in resistance training group ,P=0.001 all.Conclusion :Resistance training contributes to re-ducing blood pressure ,improving blood lipid condition in patients with essential hypertension .It possesses practical value in clinic .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692852

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of traditional Chinese medicine on lipid metabolism dis-orders in hemodialysis patients.Methods 70 patients with hemodialysis received in the hospital from Novem-ber 2015 to April 2017 were enrolled in the study.They were randomly divided into control group and treat-ment group with 35 cases in each group.The control group was treated with simvastatin and and the treatment group was treated with self-made fat recipe combined with simvastatin.The levels of serum lipid ,serum in-flammatory cytokines ,renal function and liver function ,the total effective rate of treatment and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.Results There were no statistical significances in serum lipid indexes such as triglyceride (TG) ,total cholesterol (TC) ,high densi-ty lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ,low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ,C reactive protein (CRP) , interleukin 6 (IL-6) ,tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) and other serum inflammatory factors ,and renal func-tion indexes ,including urea nitrogen (BUN) ,creatinine (Scr) ,liver function indexes ,including alanine amin-otransferase (ALT) ,aspartate aminotransferase (AST) between two groups before treatment (P>0.05) ;af-ter treatment ,the TG ,TC ,LDL-C ,CRP ,IL-6 ,TNF-α ,BUN ,Scr ,ALT and AST levels of the patients in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ;the HDL-C level of the patients in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group ;the total effective rate of the treat-ment group was significantly higher than that in the control group ;the incidence of adverse reactions was sig-nificantly lower than that of the control group ,and the differences were statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion The lipid-lowering effect of treatment of hemodialysis patients with traditional Chinese medicine lipid-lowering treatment is remarkable ,and worthy of promotion.

20.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1055-1059, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734799

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on hepatic autophagy in obese diabetic rats.Methods Sprague-Dawley diabetes rats were randomly divided into three groups:diabetic group(n =8),diabetic sham RYGB group (n =8) and diabetic RYGB group (n =8).Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps with tracer infusion were completed to assess insulin sensitivity (IS).Triglyceride (TG) levels in liver tissue were tested.The protein expression levels of P62 (sequestosome 1)and the conversion of LC3 (microtubule-associatedprotein 1 light chain 3) in liver were detected by Western blot.The concentration of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in plasma was detected by ELISA and the correlation between GLP-1 and autophagy was analyzed in 2 weeks after operation.Results In comparison with diabetic and diabetic sham RYGB groups,IS increased by 63% (F =10.87,P < 0.01) and TG content decreased by 91% (F =146.3,P < 0.01) in the liver in RYGB group.In RYGB group,the conversion of LC3-Ⅰ to LC3-Ⅱ raised(F =17.01,P < 0.01),the protein expression of P62 decreased(F =19.77,P <0.01) and the concentration of GLP-1 in plasma increased by 90% (F =112.8,P < 0.01).The marked increase of autophagy in liver after RYGB correlated with the plasma GLP-1 level (r2 =0.66,P =0.014 3)Conclusions RYGB reduces hepatic lipid toxicity and improves lipid metabolism disorder by increasing autophagy,increased GLP-1 secretion after RYGB may be one of the reasons for activating autophagy.

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