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1.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 10-15, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005314

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) can temporarily control traumatic bleeding. However, its prolonged use potentially leads to ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Partial REBOA (pREBOA) can alleviate ischemic burden; however, its security and effectiveness prior to operative hemorrhage control remains unknown. Hence, we aimed to estimate the efficacy of pREBOA in a swine model of liver injury using an experimental sliding-chamber ballistic gun. METHODS: Twenty Landrace pigs were randomized into control (no aortic occlusion) (n=5), intervention with complete REBOA (cREBOA) (n=5), continuous pREBOA (C-pREBOA) (n=5), and sequential pREBOA (S-pREBOA) (n=5) groups. In the cREBOA and C-pREBOA groups, the balloon was inflated for 60 min. The hemodynamic and laboratory values were compared at various observation time points. Tissue samples immediately after animal euthanasia from the myocardium, liver, kidneys, and duodenum were collected for histological assessment using hematoxylin and eosin staining. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the survival rate of the REBOA groups was prominently improved (all P<0.05). The total volume of blood loss was markedly lower in the cREBOA group (493.14±127.31 mL) compared with other groups (P<0.01). The pH was significantly lower at 180 min in the cREBOA and S-pREBOA groups (P<0.05). At 120 min, the S-pREBOA group showed higher alanine aminotransferase (P<0.05) but lower blood urea nitrogen compared with the cREBOA group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In this trauma model with liver injury, a 60-minute pREBOA resulted in improved survival rate and was effective in maintaining reliable aortic pressure, despite persistent hemorrhage. Extended tolerance time for aortic occlusion in Zone I for non-compressible torso hemorrhage was feasible with both continuous partial and sequential partial measures, and the significant improvement in the severity of acidosis and distal organ injury was observed in the sequential pREBOA.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 179-189, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003423

ABSTRACT

Psoraleae Fructus (PF) is a non-toxic Chinese herbal medicine, while the liver injury caused by PF has aroused wide concern in recent years. At present, animal experiments and in vitro studies have been carried out to explore the mechanism, targets, and toxic components of PF in inducing liver injury, which, however, have differences compared with the actual conditions in clinical practice, and there are still some potential hepatotoxic components and targets of PF that have not been discovered. With the continuous progress in systems biology, establishing the drug-induced liver injury model and the liver injury prediction model based on network toxicology can reduce the cost of animal experiments, improve the toxicity prediction efficiency, and provide new tools for predicting toxic components and targets. To systematically explain the characteristics of liver injury in the application of PF and explore the potential hepatotoxic components and targets of PF, we reviewed the related articles published by China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data, VIP, and PubMed from 1962 to 2021 and analyzed the characteristics and influencing factors of liver injury caused by PF in the patients. Furthermore, we summarized the chemical components of PF and the components entering blood. By reviewing the mechanism, targets, and components of PF in inducing liver injury that were discovered by in vivo and in vitro experiments, we summarized the known compounds in PF that may cause liver injury. Finally, the current methods for building the prediction model of PF-induced liver injury were summarized, and the predicted toxic components and targets were introduced. The possible factors of PF in causing liver injury were explained from three aspects: clinical characteristics, preclinical studies, and computer-assisted network prediction, which provide a reference for predicting the risk of PF-induced liver injury.

3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 362-367, abr. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440327

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Liver transplantation is the only available method to treat liver failure induced by chronic liver injury. We sought to determine whether the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, can inhibit the development of chronic liver injury induced by the hepatotoxic agent thioacetamide (TAA) in association with the suppression of inflammation (hsCRP, TNF-α, and IL-6) / hypoxia- inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) / profibrosis (TIMP-1, MMP-9, and α-SMA) axis that mediates liver injury. Therefore, the model group of rats was injected for eight weeks with 200 mg/kg TAA starting at week two. The protective group was pretreated with 150 mg/ kg captopril daily for two weeks prior to TAA injections and continued receiving both capropril and TAA agents until being humanely scrificed at week 10. We observed a substantial damage to liver tissue in the model group as demonstrated by a significant (p<0.0001) increase in blood and hepatic tissue levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α), interleukin- 6 (L-6), HIF-1α, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). All these parameters were significantly (p<0.0244) protected by captopril. Also, a significant (p<0.0001) positive correlation was observed between a-SMA (profibrosis) and the serum and tissue levels of hsCRP, TNF-α, HIF-1α, TIMP-1, MMP-9, and ALT. Thus, these findings suggest that the induction of chronic liver injury by the hepatotoxic compound, TAA is associated with the upregulation of inflammation/HIF-1α/profibrosis, with captopril exhibiting beneficial hepatic pleotropic effects.


El trasplante de hígado es el único método disponible para tratar la insuficiencia hepática inducida por una lesión hepática crónica. Buscamos determinar si el inhibidor de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina, captopril, puede inhibir el desarrollo de lesión hepática crónica inducida por el agente hepatotóxico tioacetamida (TAA) en asociación con la supresión de la inflamación (hsCRP, TNF-α e IL-6) / factor inducible por hipoxia 1-alfa (HIF-1α) / profibrosis (TIMP-1, MMP-9 y α- SMA) eje que media la lesión hepática. Por lo tanto, al grupo modelo de ratas se le inyectó durante ocho semanas 200 mg/kg de TAA a partir de la semana dos. El grupo protector fue pretratado con 150 mg/kg de captopril al día durante dos semanas antes de las inyecciones de TAA y continuó recibiendo capropril y agentes TAA hasta que fue sacrificado en la semana 10. Observamos un daño sustancial en el tejido hepático en el grupo modelo, como lo demuestra un aumento significativo (p<0,0001) de los niveles en sangre y tejido hepático de proteína C reactiva de alta sensibilidad (hsCRP), factor de necrosis tumoral-α (TNF-a), interleucina-6 (L-6), HIF-1α, inhibidor tisular de metaloproteinasas-1 (TIMP-1), metaloproteinasa de matriz-9 (MMP-9), actina de músculo liso alfa (α-SMA), alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y aspartato aminotransferasa (AST). Todos estos parámetros estaban significativamente (p<0,0244) protegidos por captopril. Además, se observó una correlación positiva significativa (p<0,0001) entre α-SMA (profibrosis) y los niveles séricos y tisulares de hsCRP, TNF-α, HIF-1α, TIMP- 1, MMP-9 y ALT. Por lo tanto, estos hallazgos sugieren que la inducción de daño hepático crónico por el compuesto hepatotóxico, TAA, está asociada con la regulación al alza de la inflamación/HIF-1α/profibrosis, con captopril exhibiendo efectos pleotrópicos hepáticos beneficiosos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Thioacetamide/toxicity , Captopril/administration & dosage , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/drug therapy , Fibrosis , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Actins , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Disease Models, Animal , Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-alpha , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors , Inflammation , Liver/drug effects
4.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Mar; 66(1): 168-170
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223410

ABSTRACT

Naproxen is a widely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) in pediatric population, used for mild-to-moderate pains, arthritis, and other immune-mediated disorders. It rarely causes clinically apparent liver injury in the adult population taking high doses of the drug over a prolonged period and is reported even rarer in pediatric population. We present a case of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in a 13-year-old girl taking naproxen in therapeutic doses for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. There was a complete recovery of liver function following discontinuation of naproxen therapy.

5.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 43(1)ene. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441881

ABSTRACT

Acetaminophen is a drug widely used in the world and easily accessible due to its antipyretic, analgesics characteristics, among others (1); however, exposure to toxic doses causes organic damage and even death. We present the case of an 18-year-old female patient who ingested 40 grams of acetaminophen and developed severe liver dysfunction, being treated with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) antidotal therapy according to the simplified scheme: Scottish and Newcastle Anti-emetic Pretreatment Paracetamol Poisoning Study Regimen (SNAP), presenting improvement in the clinical course and decrease in liver profiles, coagulation disorder, INR and resolution of the condition.


El acetaminofén es un fármaco ampliamente usado en el mundo y de fácil acceso por sus características antipiréticas, analgésicas, entre otras (1); sin embargo la exposición a dosis tóxicas produce daños a nivel orgánico e incluso la muerte. Presentamos el caso de una paciente mujer de 18 años que ingirió 40 gramos de acetaminofén y desarrolló injuria hepática severa, siendo tratada con terapia antidotal de N-acetilcisteína (NAC) según el esquema simplificado: Scottish and Newcastle Anti-Emetic Pretreatment Paracetamol Poisoning Study Regimen (SNAP), presentando mejoría del curso clínico y disminución de los perfiles hepáticos, trastorno de coagulación, INR y resolución del cuadro.

6.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1763-1770, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984529

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore and establish the liver injury risk prediction model of indirect toxicity of Chinese medicinals under the condition of compound formulas, and provide new ideas and methods for the study of evaluation of liver injury of Chinese medicinals based on indirect toxicity. MethodsTaking Buguzhi (Fructus Psoraleae) pre-parations as model drug, the combined Chinese medicinals with Buguzhi (Fructus Psoraleae) of high frequency are screened out, and their components and action targets were obtained through TCMSP, TCMIP and PharmMapper databases. The association strength value and risk value of Chinese medicinals that acted on the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway were analyzed. For those having greater values than the median association strength value and risk value were regarded as indirect Chinese medicinals of liver injury risk. In this way, a prediction model of liver injury risk of Chinese medicinals was constructed based on immune activation-related indirect liver injury process (taking NF-κB pathway as an example). And verification of the prediction model was performed using Heshouwu (Radix Polygoni Multiflori) preparations. ResultsThe prediction model of liver injury risk based on important immunoactivated pathway (taking NF-κB pathway as an example) found that Yinyanghuo (Herba Epimedii) (association strength value = 0.18, risk value = 0.25) was a Chinese medicinal with potential risk of indirect liver injury within Buguzhi (Fructus Psoraleae) prepartions, which may increase the risk of liver injury by positively regulating Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) and protein kinase C theta (PKCθ) on NF-κB pathway. Further verification of prediction model by Heshouwu (Radix Polygoni Multiflori) preparations showed that Buguzhi (Fructus Psoraleae) (association strength value = 0.25, risk value = 0.33) and Tusizi (Semen Cuscutae) (Semen Cuscutae, association strength value = 0.34, risk value = 0.33) may increase the liver injury risk of Heshouzu. ConclusionThe liver injury risk prediction model of indirect toxicity of Chinese medicinals has been constructed in this study, providing metho-dological reference for the identification of Chinese medicinals of indirect liver injury risk under the condition of compound formulas.

7.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 203-207, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To reevaluate the upper limit of normal (ULN) of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) by retrospectively analyzing the ALT levels in healthy people in Ningbo area.Methods:A total of 56 140 people who underwent health examination and detection of liver biochemical indexes in the Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Ningbo University and Yinzhou Huamao Hospital of Ningbo from 2018 to 2020 were enrolled. After excluding relevant factors that may lead to liver injury, 11 411 people were included to compare the difference of serum ALT levels among different genders and age groups (20 to 29 years, 30 to 39 years, 40 to 49 years and 50 to 59 years) to determine the ALT ULN in different gender groups. Statistical methods were performed using two independent samples t test and analysis of variance. Results:The serum ALT of males was (19.20±7.90) U/L, which was higher than that of females ((13.75±6.17) U/L), with statistical significance ( t=41.16, P<0.001). The serum ALT ULN in males and in females were 35 U/L and 26 U/L, respectively. The serum ALT levels of 20 to 29, 30 to 39, 40 to 49 and 50 to 59 years old groups were (15.48±7.61) U/L, (16.21±7.40) U/L, (17.36±7.52) U/L and (18.77±7.57) U/L, respectively.The difference was statistically significant ( F=71.51, P<0.001). Serum ALT level in 50 to 59 years old group was higher than that in 20 to 29 years old group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=13.11, P<0.01). In males, the ALT ULN of 20 to 29 years old was the lowest of 34.43 U/L, and highest of 35.29 U/L in 40 to 49 years old. In females, the ALT ULN in the 20 to 29 years old group was the lowest of 23.01 U/L, and the ALT ULN in the 50 to 59 years old group was the highest of 30.79 U/L. ALT ULN increased with age in females. The serum ALT of males was higher than that of females in all age groups ( t=29.55, 26.91, 13.43 and 4.62, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The serum ALT level is significantly correlated to gender and age. The serum ALT ULNs of healthy adult are 35 U/L in males and 26 U/L in females in Ningbo area.

8.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 52-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence of liver injury in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and to explore its impact on the condition and prognosis of patients.Methods:The medical records of 67 patients with COVID-19 who presented with pneumonia hospitalized at Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from February 11 to March 28, 2020 were collected. The results of liver biochemistry and coagulation function test at admission were analyzed. Data were compared by chi-square test, analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis H test. Results:Among 67 patients, total bilirubin increased in seven (10.4%) patients, which was slightly abnormal, albumin decreased in 36(53.7%) cases, and was below 30 g/L in 15(22.4%) cases, alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) were elevated in 19(28.4%) and 12(17.9%) cases, respectively. A total of 22(32.8%) cases had elevated ALT and (or) AST. The incidences with elevated ALT and (or) AST in moderate and severe patients were 33.3%(10/30) and 26.9%(7/26), respectively. Five of 11 critical patients had elevated ALT and (or) AST. There was no significant difference among the three groups ( χ2=1.21, P=0.546). Abnormal alkaline phosphatase and (or) γ-glutamyl transpeptidase were observed in 11(16.4%) cases. The prolongation of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) occurred in 10(14.9%) and 17(25.4%) patients, respectively, while most of them were slightly abnormal. Only one patient presented with prolongation of PT and APTT meeting the standard of liver failure. A total of 61.2%(41/67) and 65.7%(44/67) of cases showed increase of fibrinogen and D-dimer, respectively, and 28.4%(19/67) and 19.4%(13/67), respectively increased to an obvious extent. The albumin levels in moderate, severe and critical patients were (37.85±6.19) g/L, (32.96±4.33) g/L and (33.02±3.63) g/L, respectively, which were significantly different ( F=7.36, P=0.001). There were significant differences in PT, APTT, fibrinogen and D-dimer among the three groups ( F=3.22, 3.31, 4.06 and H=17.63, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions:COVID-19 only leads to mild liver injury and has only mild impact on liver function. The decrease of albumin level and the increase of fibrinogen and D-dimer may be early predicting indexes for the disease severity.

9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1189-1193, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991884

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of drug-induced liver injury and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of drug-induced liver injury.Methods:The clinical data of 202 patients with complete information on drug-induced liver injury who received treatment in First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from November 2018 to November 2021 were collected. The information including gender, age, type and name of drugs taken or exposed, clinical characteristics, autoantibodies, and liver function was statistically analyzed.Results:Among the 202 patients with drug-induced liver injury, 77 patients (38.1%) were male and 125 patients (61.9%) were female. Age distribution was mainly at > 40-60 years. There were 141 cases (69.8%) of hepatocellular type, 27 cases (13.4%) of cholestatic type, and 34 cases (16.8%) of mixed type. There were statistically significant differences in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, γ-glutamine transferase, alkaline phosphatase, prothrombin time, international standardized ratio, and prothrombin activity between different clinical types ( H = 91.43, 58.65, 9.25, 32.69, 9.56, 8.19, 9.40, all P < 0.05). Among the 202 patients with drug-induced liver injury, severe liver injury occurred in the largest proportion of cases (40.6%). There was no significant difference in the disease severity between different clinical types ( P = 0.789). The top three types of drugs causing liver injury were traditional Chinese medicine [52.0% (105/202)], antineoplastic drugs [6.4% (13/202)], and antipsychotics [5.9% (12/202)]. The detection rate of autoantibodies in 202 patients with drug-induced liver injury was 29.7% (60/202). Conclusion:Drug-induced liver injury lacks specificity in clinical manifestations. A wide variety of drugs can cause liver injury. Clinicians should strengthen liver function monitoring in key populations. The proportion of patients with mixed-type liver failure is high, which should be taken seriously. When patients with drug-induced liver injury are positive for liver disease-related antibodies, clinicians should be vigilant about the possibility of drug-induced liver injury.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 376-381, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression changes of microRNA(miR)-122 in liver tissue of rats infected with Clonorchis sinensis and its correlation with expression level of inflammatory cytokines. Methods:Totally 24 SPF grade Wistar male rats were selected and randomly divided into a control group (100 μl physiological saline gavage), a 4-week infection group (100 Clonorchis sinensis metacercariae gavage), and an 8-week infection group (100 Clonorchis sinensis metacercariae gavage) based on body weight (100-120 g) using a random number table method, with 8 rats in each group. Starting from the third week of infection, rat feces were collected and directly smeared with physiological saline for identification of Wistar rat animal models infected with Clonorchis sinensis. After 4 and 8 weeks of infection, the rats in the 4- and 8-week infection groups were euthanized, while 4 rats in the control group were euthanized, respectively. The heart blood and left lobe liver tissue and serum samples were collected from each group of rats. Using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe liver pathological damage under the light microscope, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR to detect the expression level of miR-122 in liver tissue, and Luminex 200 liquid suspension chip to detect the expression levels of serum inflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6)]. The correlation between miR-122 and inflammatory cytokines was analyzed using Pearson correlation. Results:Under the light microscope, the morphology of hepatocytes in control group was normal, and no inflammatory cell infiltration was observed. There was inflammatory cells such as lymphocyte, eosinophil and other inflammatory cell infiltration around the portal area in the 4-week infection group. The hepatocytes of the 8-week infected rats were arranged in a disordered manner, with varying degrees of swelling, loose and lightly stained cytoplasm, and some hepatocytes showed watery degeneration; additionally, bile duct dilation and thickening of the bile duct wall were observed in the liver tissue. There were statistically significant differences of liver miR-122 (1.00 ± 0.32, 2.57 ± 0.60, 3.63 ± 1.63), serum TNF-α [(0.14 ± 0.06), (0.43 ± 0.09), (0.61 ± 0.10) ng/ml], and IL-6 expression levels [(0.03 ± 0.01), (1.06 ± 0.24), (1.48 ± 0.33) ng/ml] in control group, 4- and 8-week infection groups ( F = 13.36, 69.99, 82.23, P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in expression level of IL-1β between different groups ( F = 2.15, P = 0.141). The Pearson correlation analysis showed that the expression level of miR-122 was positively correlated with the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 ( r = 0.67, 0.80, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Clonorchis sinensis infection can increase the expression of miR-122 in the host liver tissue, and the miR-122 is closely related to the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6.

11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 195-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005744

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the role and mechanism of dapagliflozin (Dapa), a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, in acute liver injury. 【Methods】 Eight-week-old C57BL6/J mice were given a single intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 to induce acute liver injury. The mice were preventively given 5 mg/kg Dapa by gavage 24 h and 2 h before CCl4 injection, while those in the control group were given an equal volume of solvent gavage. After 24 h, the mice were anesthetized and sacrificed. H&E staining, plasma biochemistry, RT-qPCR, and Western blotting were used to detect the severity of liver injury and the expressions of macrophage-related genes. 【Results】 In the CCl4 group, hepatic infiltration of inflammatory cells increased, and liver and renal functions significantly deteriorated, which was further aggravated by Dapa. CCl4 could promote the expressions of M1 macrophages and fibrosis-related genes in the liver, but reduce those of M2 and antioxidant-related genes, and the latter was further inhibited by Dapa. In addition, the protein expression of arginase 1 decreased and that of SGLT2 increased after Dapa intervention, while NF-κB pathway did not change significantly, suggesting that Dapa might directly affect the energy metabolism homeostasis in the liver and aggravate acute liver injury induced by CCl4. 【Conclusion】 Dapa can exacerbate hepatic and renal damage in acute stage of liver injury, inhibit macrophages M2 polarization, and aggravate oxidative stress and inflammatory injury induced by CCl4.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3608-3618, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004652

ABSTRACT

This study assessed and explored the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of action of IMMH002 {2-amino-2-(2-(4ʹ-(2-ethyloxazol-4-yl)-[1,1ʹ-biphenyl]-4-yl)ethyl)propane-1,3-dio}, a selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor subtype 1 (S1P1) modulator, in a concanavalin A (ConA)-induced autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) mouse model. The experimental protocol strictly adhered to the guidelines of the Ethics Committee for Animal Research of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College (Approval No.: 00004046). Male ICR mice were pre-treated with the drug for four days, followed by induction of AIH through tail vein injection of ConA protein. Liver function, hepatic tissue pathology, peripheral blood parameters, as well as immunoglobulin G (IgG), inflammatory cytokines, T cell distribution, and inflammatory pathways were evaluated in mice. Results demonstrated that IMMH002 significantly reduced liver function indicators such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alleviated hepatic tissue inflammation and necrotic damage, decreased serum IgG levels, and lowered the expression of inflammatory mediators including interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 1β (IL-1β), and interferon γ (IFN-γ). Additionally, it facilitated T lymphocyte homing, downregulated the phosphorylation of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), IκB kinase β (IKKβ) and nuclear factor inhibitor protein-α (IκBα) proteins in hepatic tissue and cellular inflammation models. Collectively, IMMH002 effectively ameliorated ConA-induced autoimmune hepatitis in mice, exhibiting extensive anti-inflammatory and anti-necrotic effects, thereby laying a theoretical foundation for AIH clinical treatment.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3644-3654, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004643

ABSTRACT

A pharmacophore-based study was conducted to investigate the therapeutic activity of the traditional Tibetan medicine Zha Xun (ZX) in liver diseases. In the present study, the protective effect of ZX on the acute liver injury induced by concanavalin A (ConA) and 0.15% carbon tetrachloride (0.15% CCl4) in ICR mice was evaluated, and the results showed that ZX significantly reduced serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the ConA-induced acute immune liver injury model and the CCl4-induced acute oxidative liver injury model (P < 0.05). Subsequently, the protective effects of aqueous, 95% ethanol, 60% ethanol and 30% ethanol eluting fractions of ZX, and fulvic acid, the main water-soluble constituent of ZX, were evaluated against acute oxidative liver injury induced by 0.15% CCl4 in mice. The results showed that different solvent-eluting fractions of ZX showed certain hepatoprotective activities, among which the aqueous extract of ZX and 30% ethanol extract of ZX significantly reduced the serum levels of ALT, AST, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in mice (P < 0.05), and the serum levels of LDH in mice were significantly reduced by fulvic acid (P < 0.05), which showed significant hepatoprotective activity. The protective activities and preliminary mechanisms of the total extract of ZX, the aqueous extract of ZX, the 30% ethanol extract of ZX, and fulvic acid against hepatocellular injury in vitro were further evaluated by using the H2O2-induced hepatocellular injury model. The results showed that the components could significantly inhibit H2O2-induced hepatocellular injury, reduce the levels of ALT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and LDH, improve the survival rate of hepatocellular cells, and reduce the content of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cell culture. At the same time, it can inhibit hepatocyte apoptosis by increasing the expression ratio of Bcl-2/BAX protein and decreasing the expression ratio of cleaved caspase-3/pro caspase-3 protein. The present study showed that ZX has clear hepatoprotective activity in vitro and in vivo, and the different solvent elution fractions of ZX showed certain hepatoprotective activity, among which the aqueous extract of ZX, 30% ethanol extract of ZX had better hepatoprotective activity, and the activity of 60% ethanol extract of ZX was stronger than that of 95% ethanol extract of ZX. The activity of ZX and its water-soluble elution site exerted hepatoprotective effects by inhibiting hepatocyte apoptosis and oxidative stress. The animals used in this experiment and related disposal meet the requirements of animal welfare, and have been reviewed and approved by the Laboratory Animal Management and Use Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (approval number: 00004018).

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2867-2872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003278

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the value of the serum levels of Clusterin and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) in assessing the prognosis of sepsis patients with acute liver injury. MethodsA total of 127 sepsis patients with acute liver injury who were admitted to Lianyungang Hospital, Xuzhou Medical University, from March 2019 to May 2022 were enrolled, and according to their prognosis after 28 days of treatment, they were divided into death group with 35 patients and survival group with 92 patients. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A pearson correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation. The prognostic value of serum Clusterin and S1P was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve. ResultsThere were significant differences between the two groups in the degree of liver injury, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, the presence or absence of acute kidney injury, prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), Child-Pugh class, and C-reactive protein (all P<0.05). The death group had significantly lower serum levels of Clusterin and S1P than the survival group (t=11.094 and 10.390, both P<0.05). The patients with severe liver injury had significantly lower serum levels of Clusterin and S1P than those with mild or moderate liver injury (t=9.825 and 11.418, both P<0.05). The multivariate regression analysis showed that the degree of liver injury (odds ratio [OR]=1.260, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.081 — 1.468, P<0.05), APACHEII score (OR=1.031, 95%CI: 1.019 — 1.044, P<0.05), SOFA score (OR=1.066, 95%CI: 1.039 — 1.094, P<0.05), Clusterin (OR=0.899, 95%CI: 0.859 — 0.940, P<0.05), and S1P (OR=0.824, 95%CI: 0.749 — 0.908, P<0.05) were independent risk factors for the prognosis of patients with sepsis. The ROC curve analysis showed that serum Clusterin and S1P used alone or in combination had an area under the ROC curve of 0.864, 0.861, and 0.949, respectively. Serum Clusterin and S1P were significantly negatively correlated with alanine aminotransferase, total bilirubin, PT, and INR in sepsis patients with acute liver injury (all P<0.05). ConclusionThe sepsis patients with acute liver injury who died had significant reductions in serum Clusterin and S1P compared with those who survived, and the levels of Clusterin and S1P are closely associated with the degree of liver injury. The combination of Clusterin and S1P has a good value in predicting the prognosis of sepsis patients with acute liver injury and is expected to become a potential marker for predicting the prognosis of sepsis patients with acute liver injury.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3366-3378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999088

ABSTRACT

Yinchenzhufu decoction (YCZFD) is a classic formula for treating Yin Huang syndrome, which can improve liver injury caused by cholestasis. However, the mechanism of action of YCZFD still remains unclear. This article used network pharmacology, molecular docking, animal experiments, and molecular biology methods to explore the mechanism of YCZFD in treating liver injury caused by cholestasis. A mouse model of acute cholestasis induced by lithocholic acid was used to investigate the effects of YCZFD on liver injury. The experimental procedures described in this paper were reviewed and approved by the Ethical Committee at the Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval NO. PZSHUTCM190823002). The results showed that YCZFD could reduce the levels of blood biochemical indicators and improve hepatocyte damage of cholestatic mice. Then, multiple databases were used to predict the corresponding targets of YCZFD active components on cholestatic liver injury. An intersection target protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks based on String database and Cytoscape software was used to demonstrate the possible core targets of YCZFD against cholestatic liver injury. The results indicated that core targets of YCZFD include tumor necrosis factor, interleukin-1β, non-receptor tyrosine kinase Src, interleukin-6, etc. GO (gene ontology) and KEGG (kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes) enrichment analysis indicated that YCZFD may regulate the tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, nuclear factor-κB signaling pathway, bile secretion, and other related factors to ameliorate the cholestatic liver injury. AutoDockTools software was used to perform molecular docking verification on the core targets and components of YCZFD. To verify the results of network pharmacology, UPLC-MS/MS method was used to determine the effect of YCZFD on levels of bile acid profiles in mouse liver tissues. It was found that treatment with YCZFD significantly reduced the content of free bile acids, taurine bound bile acids, and total bile acids in the liver tissues of cholestatic mice. Then, results from real time PCR and Western blot also found that YCZFD can upregulate the expression of hepatic nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor, metabolizing enzyme (UDP glucuronidase transferase 1a1), and efflux transporters (bile salt export pump, multidrug resistance-associated protein 2, multidrug resistance-associated protein 3, etc) in cholestasis mice, promote bile acid metabolism and excretion, and improve bile acid homeostasis. Moreover, YCZFD can also inhibit pyroptosis and inflammation by regulating NOD-like receptors 3 pathway, thereby inhibiting cholestatic liver injury.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2694-2699, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999017

ABSTRACT

Polysaccharide of Balanophora involucrata Hook. f. (BPS), the major component of Balanophora involucrata Hook. f., was confirmed the protective effect on liver injury in our previous study. This research aimed to investigate the protective mechanism of BPS on experimental liver injury by attenuating cell ferroptosis through modulating solute carrier family 7 member 11/glutathione peroxidase 4 (SLC7A11/GPX4) pathway. The animal experiment was approved by the Experimental Animal Ethical Committee of Hubei Minzu University and all rats had received human care in compliance with the institutional animal care guidelines. Rats were given intraperitoneal injection of (D-galactosamine, D-GalN) solution (800 mg·kg-1) one time to establish the acute liver injury model. The results showed aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) levels in serum were decreased, and the contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS), Fe2+, malondialdehyde (MDA) and lipid peroxide (LPO) in liver tissues also decreased and glutathione (GSH) level increased after BPS administration with 200 mg·kg-1. Besides, BPS reduced iron deposition and increased the expression of SLC7A11 and GPX4 proteins in liver tissue. In conclusion, BPS ameliorated experimental liver injury by alleviating cell ferroptosis through SLC7A11/GPX4 pathway. The present study pointed to the possibility of utilizing BPS for protection against liver injury in clinic.

17.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2643-2650, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998821

ABSTRACT

‍ ObjectiveTo investigate the protective effect of safranal against sepsis-related liver injury (SRLI) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice and its mechanism. MethodsA total of 32 experimental male C57BL/6 mice were divided into control group, single drug group, model group, and treatment group using the simple random method, with 8 mice in each group. The mice in the single drug group and the treatment group were intraperitoneally injected with safranal (60 mg/kg) for 7 days of pretreatment, and the mice in the model group and the treatment group were intraperitoneally injected with LPS (10 mg/kg) to induce acute liver injury. The activities of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured; HE staining was used to observe liver tissue sections; immunohistochemistry was used to analyze the expression of the downstream protein heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in the signal pathway; TUNEL was used to analyze the apoptosis of hepatocytes; Western blot was used to measure the expression of total proteins (nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 [Nrf-2] and HO-1) in liver tissue. The human liver cell line L02 was pretreated with safranal (100 μmol/L), followed by induction of acute hepatocellular injury with LPS (100 ng/mL), and DCFH-DA fluorescent labeling was used to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS). ResultsAfter safranal pretreatment, the treatment group had significantly lower levels of ALT and AST than the model group (both P<0.001), with a relatively intact pseudolobular structure and a smaller necrotic area in the liver. Compared with the model group, the treatment group had significant increases in the expression levels of Nrf2 and HO-1 in liver tissue after safranal+LPS treatment (both P<0.001), and immunohistochemistry showed that safranal pretreatment increased the number of HO-1-positive cells. In the cell model of LPS-induced acute liver injury, the treatment group had a significant reduction in the production of ROS compared with the model group. ConclusionSafranal can exert a protective effect against SRLI induced by LPS in mice through the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

18.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2476-2484, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998318

ABSTRACT

A large number of data show that the prevalence rate of alcoholic liver injury (ALI) is increasing year by year, and it has become one of the main causes of death due to chronic liver diseases such as liver cancer and liver cirrhosis. Quitting drinking is the main method for the prevention of ALI in modern medicine, and the main treatment methods include Western medicine with antioxidant and anti-fibrotic effects and nutritional support. However, Western medicine tends to have an unsatisfactory treatment effect and can only alleviate initial symptoms, and severe ALI still requires surgical treatment. Studies have shown that the monomers extracted from natural drugs and foods have obvious preventive and therapeutic effects on ALI, with high safety and easy access. Therefore, this article systematically summarizes the main natural drug and food monomers used for the prevention and treatment of ALI and proposes the idea of the combination of drug and food for the prevention and treatment of ALI from the perspective of paying attention to the whole process of health, in order to explore more effective prevention, health care, and treatment methods and provide ideas for research on the prevention and control of ALI.

19.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 365-367, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998041

ABSTRACT

@#A patient presents with jaundice three weeks into commencement of anti-tuberculosis therapy (ATT). Tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (TB-DILI) is a main concern in patients commencing ATT. Studies have reported various risk factors associated with TB-DILI, urging vigilance in monitoring liver enzymes in these patients. We aim to review the causes of jaundice in a patient with transfusion dependent thalassaemia commenced on ATT and highlight the risk factors associated with TB-DILI.

20.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 157-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996440

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of drug-induced liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs in newly treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Methods A total of 133 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and HBV who were treated in Zhuzhou Central Hospital from January 2018 to early January 2022 were selected, and all were treated with conventional anti-tuberculosis 2HRZE/4HR regimen. According to the liver injury, the patients were divided into liver injury group and no liver injury group. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the related factors of liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors of liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs. Results Among 133 cases of newly treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients with HBV, 24 cases had liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs, accounting for 18.05%; 109 patients had no liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs, accounting for 81.95%. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in smoking history, drinking history, diabetes history, hypertension history, anti-tuberculosis treatment plan, malnutrition, and use of hepatoprotective drugs between the liver injury group and the no liver injury group (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that smoking history, drinking history, diabetes history, hypertension history, PZA-containing regimen, malnutrition, and no use of hepatoprotective drugs were independent risk factors for liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs. Conclusion Smoking history, drinking history, diabetes history, hypertension history, PZA-containing regimen, malnutrition, and no use of hepatoprotective drugs are the risk factors for drug-induced liver injury caused by anti-tuberculosis drugs in newly treated pulmonary tuberculosis patients with HBV.

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