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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 391-396, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007259

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the research method of Mendelian randomization based on genome-wide association studies has been widely used for etiological exploration in the medical field, which can effectively overcome the confounding biases and interference of reverse causalities in traditional observational researches with its unique advantages of the distributive randomness and timing priority of genetic variants. This article reviews the method of Mendelian randomization and its application in liver cancer, in order to provide new ideas for the research on causal association in liver cancer.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 380-385, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007257

ABSTRACT

As a non-invasive, simple, and reproducible examination, Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has an important application value in evaluating liver reserve function. Currently in clinical practice, Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI is mainly used to measure liver parenchymal signal intensity parameters, magnetic resonance relaxation time parameters, biliary tract enhancement parameters, and liver volume parameters to evaluate the liver reserve function of patients. In recent years, the use of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI in predicting liver reserve function in residual liver tissue after liver tumor surgery has become one of the hotspots in clinical research, and certain progress has been made in related studies in China and globally. This article reviews the research advances in recent years.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 753-759, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016520

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the influence of triglyceride (TG)/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio on the onset of primary liver cancer. MethodsA prospective cohort study was conducted. Physical examination data were collected from 99 750 cases of on-the-job and retired employees of Kailuan Group who participated health examination from July 2006 to December 2007, and they were followed up till December 31, 2021 to observe the onset of primary liver cancer. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of continuous data with skewed distribution between multiple groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. According to the tertiles of TG/HDL-C ratio, the subjects were divided into Q1, Q2, and Q3 groups, and the incidence density of primary liver cancer was calculated for each group. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the cumulative incidence rate of primary liver cancer in each group, and the log-rank test was used to compare the difference in cumulative incidence rate between groups. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the influence of TG/HDL-C ratio on the onset of primary liver cancer. ResultsThere were significant differences between the three groups in age, proportion of male subjects, waist circumference, body mass index, fasting blood glucose, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, chronic liver diseases, hypertension, diabetes, the family history of malignant tumor, drinking, smoking, physical exercise, and educational level (P<0.05). During the mean follow-up time of 14.06±2.71 years, there were 484 cases of new-onset liver cancer, among whom there were 446 male subjects and 38 female subjects. The incidence density of primary liver cancer was 0.39/1 000 person-years in the Q1 group, 0.35/1 000 person-years in the Q2 group, and 0.30/1 000 person-years in the Q3 group, and the cumulative incidence rates of primary liver cancer in the three groups were 6.03‰, 5.28‰, and 4.49‰, respectively, with a significant difference between the three groups based on the long-rank test (χ2=6.06, P=0.048). After adjustment for the confounding factors considered, the Cox proportional hazards model showed that compared with the Q3 group, the Q1 group had a hazard ratio of 2.04 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.61‍ ‍—‍ ‍2.58, Pfor trend<0.05), and the Q2 group had a hazard ratio of 1.53 (95%CI: 1.21‍ ‍—‍ ‍1.92, Pfor trend<0.05). ConclusionThe reduction in TG/HDL-C ratio is associated with an increase in the rask of primary liver cancer, especially in people with chronic liver diseases.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 639-643, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013151

ABSTRACT

Neutrophils play an immune defense role by releasing the proteases such as neutrophil elastase and myeloperoxidase to form neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) and participate in the inflammatory response of various liver diseases, but the excessive release of NET may worsen liver tissue damage and has thus become one of the risk factors for liver diseases. In recent years, studies have shown that the excessive release of NET can promote the progression of liver diseases (such as viral hepatitis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, and hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury) to liver cancer, and clarifying the mechanism of action of NET is of great importance for the diagnosis and progression of liver diseases. Therefore, this article elaborates on the latest research advances in NET in liver diseases, so as to provide new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of liver diseases and the prevention of liver cancer.

5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1452-1460, oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521031

ABSTRACT

Lograr determinar el volumen total de un hígado (VHT), o volumetría hepática, pasa a ser de relevancia en diversas situaciones, tales como, vigilancia del progreso de una enfermedad de carácter crónico, planificación de resecciones y trasplantes hepáticos; y observación del clearance hepático de algunos fármacos hepatotropos. La VHT se puede realizar utilizando métodos de segmentación en el curso de una tomografía computarizada (TC), ya sean estos manual, automáticos, y semiautomáticos; mediante resonancia nuclear (RN), utilizando softwares de distintas generaciones (1ª a 4ª). La medición de VHT está indicada en pacientes sometidos a resecciones hepáticas mayores, en el contexto del tratamiento de neoplasias (carcinoma hepatocelular, colangiocarcinoma, metástasis hepáticas o tumores benignos de gran tamaño), abscesos (piogénicos, amebianos), y después de un traumatismo hepático complejo; así como también en la etapa preoperatoria de un trasplante hepático. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue generar un documento de estudio sobre métodos para determinar volumetría hepática.


SUMMARY: Being able to determine the total hepatic volume (THV), or THV, becomes relevant in various situations, such as monitoring the progress of a chronic disease, planning resections and liver transplants; and observation of the hepatic clearance of some hepatotropic drugs. THV can be performed using segmentation methods in the course of a computed tomography (CT), whether manual, automatic, or semi-automated; by nuclear resonance (NR), using software from different generations (1st to 4st). THV measurement is indicated in patients undergoing major liver resections, in the context of treatment of neoplasms (hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, liver metastases or large benign tumors), abscesses (pyogenic, amoebic), and after liver trauma complex, as well as in the preoperative stage of a liver transplant. The aim of this manuscript was to generate a study document regarding methods for determine hepatic volumetry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
6.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535913

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Liver diseases have a significant impact on global morbidity and mortality rates, primarily attributed to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the true extent of their impact on patients, healthcare systems, and countries is often underestimated. Materials and methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study aimed to determine the economic burden associated with premature deaths caused by cirrhosis and primary liver cancer. The economic assessment was conducted by analyzing potentially productive years of life lost (PPYLL) due to liver diseases in Colombia between 2009 and 2016. Results and conclusions: The total burden of liver disease accounted for 687,861 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Men experienced a higher number of years of life lost from mortality (YLL), while women had a greater number of years lived with a disability (YLD). The economic burden of deaths caused by cirrhosis and primary liver cancer exceeded USD 8.6 million, highlighting the urgency to enhance intervention strategies ranging from promotion and prevention to timely diagnosis and treatment.


Introducción: la enfermedad hepática representa una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad a nivel mundial, principalmente por cirrosis y hepatocarcinoma; sin embargo, se subestima su impacto para el paciente, sistema de salud y el país. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal que determinó la carga económica asociada a las muertes prematuras por cirrosis y tumores primarios del hígado, mediante la valoración económica de los años productivos de vida potencialmente perdidos (APVPP) en Colombia y de enfermedad hepática en Colombia entre 2009 y 2016. Resultados y conclusiones: la carga total de enfermedad hepática representó 687,861 años de vida saludable perdidos ajustados por discapacidad (AVAD), los hombres con mayores años de vida perdidos por muerte prematura (APMP) y las mujeres con mayores años vividos con discapacidad (AVD). Las muertes por cirrosis y tumores primarios del hígado representan una carga económica que supera los 8,6 millones de dólares, lo cual refleja la necesidad de fortalecer las estrategias de intervención desde la promoción y prevención hasta el diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2470-2475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998317

ABSTRACT

Primary liver cancer is one of the most severe cancer burdens around the world. Metabolic reprogramming is one phenotype of cancer, and blood metabolic markers are closely associated with metabolic reprogramming and can predict the risk of recurrence and survival or assess the treatment response of liver cancer, with important significance in the stratified management of patients, the development of rational treatment strategies, and the improvement of patient prognosis. By reviewing the recent studies on blood metabolomics in assessing the treatment response or predicting the prognosis of liver cancer, this article summarizes the blood metabolites with predictive significance and their mechanism of action and analyzes the current research status, existing problems, and prospects of this field. It is believed that the metabolites, such as aromatic amino acids, lipids, and bile acids, have an important clinical value in predicting the prognosis of liver cancer, and metabolomics technology has great potential in finding useful metabolites, but there are still many issues to be solved, such as technical limitations, insufficient studies, and multiple influencing factors.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2366-2374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998303

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of cSN50.1 on the proliferation, migration, invasion, and colony formation of HepG2 cells and its mechanism. MethodsHepG2 cells were divided into cSN50.1 0 μmol/L, cSN50.1 10 μmol/L, cSN50.1 30 μmol/L, cSN50.1 50 μmol/L, cSN50.1 70 μmol/L, and cSN50.1 90 μmol/L groups, and CCK-8 assay was used to investigate the effect of different concentrations of cSN50.1 on the proliferation of HepG2 cells and calculate half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50). HepG2 cells were divided into cSN50.1 0 μmol/L, cSN50.1 10 μmol/L, cSN50.1 30 μmol/L, and cSN50.1 50 μmol/L groups, and wound healing assay, Transwell assay, and colony-forming assay were used to investigate the effect of different concentrations of cSN50.1 on the migration, invasion, and colony formation of HepG2 cells. HepG2 cells were divided into Control group, SP600125 group (an inhibitor of the AP-1 signaling pathway), and cSN50.1 group to investigate the influence of the AP-1 signaling pathway on the effect of cSN50.1 on hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and RT-PCR and Western Blot were used to measure the expression of CXCL5, TNF-α, and c-Jun protein in cytoplasm and nucleus. HepG2 cells were divided into Control group, PDTC group (an inhibitor of the NF-κB signaling pathway), and cSN50.1 group to investigate the influence of the NF-κB signaling pathway on the effect of cSN50.1 on hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and RT-PCR and Western Blot were used to measure the expression of CXCL5, TNF-α, and NF-κB protein in cytoplasm and nucleus. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the SNK-q test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsCompared with the 0 μmol/L group, the 10 μmol/L group had no significant changes in proliferation, migration, invasion, and colony formation abilities (P >0.05); the 30 μmol/L group had no significant change in proliferation ability (P>0.05), but with significant reductions in migration, invasion, and colony formation abilities (P<0.05); the 50 μmol/L group had significant reductions in proliferation, migration, invasion, and colony formation abilities (all P<0.01); the 70 μmol/L and 90 μmol/L groups had a significant reduction in cell proliferation ability (P<0.01), but with a cell survival rate of below 50%. Compared with the Control group, the SP600125, PDTC, and cSN50.1 groups had significant reductions in the mRNA and protein expression levels of CXCL5 and TNF-α (all P<0.05). Compared with the Control group, the SP600125 group, the PDTC group, and the cSN50.1 group had a significant reduction in nuclear protein of c-Jun and NF-κB expression (P<0.05); the SP600125 group and the PDTC group had a significant reduction in cytoplasmic protein of c-Jun and NF-κB expression (P<0.05); the cSN50.1 group had a significant increase in cytoplasmic protein of c-Jun and NF-κB expression (P<0.05). ConclusionThis study shows that cSN50.1 can inhibit the malignant behavior of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and reduce the expression of CXCL5 and TNF-α by inhibiting the nuclear import of c-Jun and NF-κB in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 205-210, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996213

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the factors influencing the prognosis of hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma treated with programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) inhibitors, and to construct a prognostic nomogram model for these patients and evaluate its clinical significances.Methods:The clinical data of 121 patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma treated with PD-1 inhibitors at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical College from July 2018 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up was performed from the beginning of PD-1 inhibitor use, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the overall survival of patients. The variables screened by the univariate Cox proportional hazards model analysis and variables clinically believed to be related to the prognosis were included in the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model for overall survival, and the stepwise regression method was used to screen the independent factors influencing overall survival. Based on the independent influencing factors of overall survival, R 3.5.1 software was used to construct a prognostic nomogram model for overall survival of hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma treated with PD-1 inhibitors. Calibration curve was used to the consistency of model prediction and practice. The Harrell consistency index and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (with imaging diagnosis as the gold standard) were used to analyze the efficacy of model in predicting the 1-year and 2-year overall survival rates.Results:The median follow-up time of 121 patients was 12.40 months, and the median overall survival time was 14.30 months, with overall survival rates of 82.60% and 62.30% at 6 and 12 months. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that albumin (ALB) ( HR = 0.946, 95% CI 0.901-0.992), international normalized ratio (INR) ( HR = 32.034, 95% CI 5.046-203.362), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ( HR = 1.010, 95% CI 1.007-1.012) were independent influencing factors for overall survival of patients. According to the three factors, a prognostic nomogram model for hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma treated with PD-1 inhibitors was constructed. The slope of the calibration curve of the model predicting 1-year and 2-year overall survival rates was close to 1. The Harrell consistency index of the nomogram model was 0.809 (95% CI 0.760-0.858). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the nomogram model predicting 1-year and 2-year overall survival rates of patients was 0.794 (95% CI 0.744-0.887, P < 0.001) and 0.791 (95% CI 0.708-0.860, P = 0.002). Conclusions:ALB, INR and AST are the influencing factors of prognosis of hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma patients treated with PD-1 inhibitors, and the nomogram model constructed based on prognostic influencing factors has a good effect on predicting the 1-year and 2-year overall survival rates of patients, which can be used to screen the population suitable for immunotherapy and is conducive to the clinical formulation of individualized and precise treatment plans.

10.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 331-334, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995105

ABSTRACT

This article reported a case of fetal giant hepatic hemangioma with cardiomegaly managed with intrauterine treatment. At 23 weeks of gestation, the patient was referred to Guangdong Women and Children Hospital due to abnormal abdominal echogenicity of the fetus, which was suspected to be a hepatic hemangioma or a hepatic arteriovenous fistula. The prenatal ultrasound at 26 weeks of gestation revealed an enlarged fetal hepatic hemangioma of 45 mm×35 mm×42 mm and an enlarged heart (cardiothoracic area ratio of 0.50). So, with the patient's informed consent, the fetus was treated with intrauterine administration of propranolol and dexamethasone and closely monitored by ultrasound. The volume of the lump still increased at the beginning of the medication, but started to shrink in the 7th week. Besides, the fetal cardiac load was reduced and the condition was controlled. The patient delivered at 37 weeks of gestation. The baby received a CT examination on the fourth day after birth which revealed an abdominal mass of 40 mm×30 mm×44 mm requiring no treatment, and no abnormalities were reported during a one-year follow-up.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 7-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994538

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL).Methods:Five UESL cases operated on at Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from 2014 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. H&E and immunohistochemical staining were done for pathological observation.Results:The 5 UESL patients(two boys,three girls) were 0.5 to 15 years old, all underwent radical surgical resection. In 3 cases tumors located in right liver, 1 in left liver, 1 in both lobes. Radiographically and visually, the tumor is a large cystic solid mass, microscopically composed of myxoid stroma and undifferentiated stromal cells, with pleomorphic tumor giant cells and characteristic eosinophilic bodies. All 5 patients are now alive after surgical resection: 1 patient achieved disease-free survival of more than 91 months after surgery alone. Two patients had recurrence after surgery and received surgical resection plus chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone. They achieved survival of more than 35 and 16 months, respectively. Two patients were treated with chemotherapy or chemotherapy plus radiotherapy after surgery and survived more than 49 and 31 months without recurrence, respectively.Conclusions:UESL is a rare and highly malignant mesenchymal tumor with characteristic pathologic morphology. Radical resection is the key to the treatment for UESL, and chemotherapy and radiotherapy should be carried out after surgery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 580-584, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of intraoperative cell salvage (ICS) on the number and viability of cancer cells in salvaged autologous blood from the patients undergoing liver cancer surgery.Methods:Twenty patients undergoing open radical primary hepatocellular carcinoma were selected, and blood from the operative field was collected after exposing the liver and treated with ICS. Blood specimens 20 ml from the surgical field (S 1), blood specimens 20 ml before ICS treatment-leukocyte depletion filter (LDF) filtration (S 2) and blood specimens 20 ml after LDF filtration (S 3) were collected and enriched, of which the blood sample 10 ml was used for cancer cell identification and count by immunofluorescence staining, and the remaining blood sample 10 ml was continuously cultured for 3 weeks, and then cell viability was observed by immunofluorescence method. Results:Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) cells were identified in 19 S 1 specimens, 18 S 2 specimens, and 16 S 3 specimens, but there was no significant difference in the detection rate among the three specimens ( P>0.05). Compared with S 1 specimens, HCC cell count was significantly reduced in S 2 and S 3 specimens ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the HCC cell count between S 3 specimens and S 2 specimens ( P>0.05). After 3 weeks of culture, the results of light microscopy showed that: hepatocellular carcinoma cell clusters were found in S1 specimens, and no hepatocellular carcinoma cell cluster was found in S 2 and S 3 specimens; the results of fluorescence microscopy showed that: 400 and 14 mixed epithelial-mesenchymal HCC cells and 100 and 21 mesenchymal HCC cells were found in S 1 and S 2 specimens, respectively, while no HCC cells were identified in S 3 specimens, among which HCC cells mainly presented as clusters of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in S 1 specimen, while no clusters of hepatocellular carcinoma cells were found in S 2 and S 3 specimens. Conclusions:After treatment with ICS or ICS-LDF, the number and viability of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in salvaged autologous blood are significantly reduced, and hepatocellular carcinoma cells exist as single cells and fail to develop clusters of hepatocellular carcinoma cells; LDF can reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma cell autotransfusion to a certain extent, although it can not effectively filter out hepatocellular carcinoma cells continuously.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 337-342, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993601

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of 68Ga-fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI) PET for hepatobiliary malignancies. Methods:From July 2020 to February 2023, 33 patients (23 males, 10 females; age (55.4±13.5) years) with suspected or confirmed liver or biliary tract malignancies who underwent 68Ga-FAPI PET in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology were retrospectively analyzed. PET images were evaluated by 3 experienced nuclear medicine physicians, and the results of biopsy or postoperative pathology, clinical and imaging follow-up were used as the gold standard. One-way analysis of variance and least significant difference t test were used to compare the differences among groups. Survival analysis was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank test. Results:Of 33 patients, 14 performed PET for initial diagnosis and staging, and 19 for restaging. There were 14 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 13 patients with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), and 6 patients with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). The primary tumor of HCC, CCA and GBC all showed significant 68Ga-FAPI uptake, with no statistically significant difference in SUV max among groups ( F=1.58, P=0.250). The sensitivities of 68Ga-FAPI PET for initial diagnosis and restaging of hepatobiliary malignancies were 14/14 and 15/15, respectively. Compared with conventional imaging, 68Ga-FAPI PET changed the diagnosis and staging in 29.2%(7/24) patients. The treatment strategy was changed in 30.3%(10/33) patients with malignant tumors due to 68Ga-FAPI PET findings. Follow-up showed 22 cases survived and 11 cases died, with the overall survival of 355.56(80.00, 516.97) d, and 1- and 2-year survival rates were 68.2% and 57.9%, respectively. Semi-quantitative 68Ga-FAPI PET parameters such as SUV max, target-liver ratio (TLR), and target-blood ratio (TBR) had no significant prognostic value, but the prognosis of the group without distant metastases diagnosed by 68Ga-FAPI PET was significantly better than that of the group with distant metastasis ( P=0.032). Conclusion:68Ga-FAPI PET has high sensitivity for the diagnosis of hepatobiliary malignancies, which can help guide treatment decisions and prognosis evaluation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 486-492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993360

ABSTRACT

Radical resection is the only measurement to cure patients of hepatobiliary and pancreatic tumors. The comprehensive application of endoscopy, interventional therapy, radiotherapy and systemic therapy can not only significantly improve the early diagnosis rate of the disease, and successfully transform some borderline resectable tumors into radical resectable states, but also reduce the recurrence rate of tumors after surgery, thus prolonging the survival time of patients. In recent years, the continuous emergence of new systemic therapeutic drugs has brought new opportunities for patients with hepatobiliary and pancreatic malignancies, but the number of doctors participating in diagnosis and treatment has also increased accordingly. Therefore, the contradiction between the division system based on treatment methods and the orderly and standardized treatment is becoming more and more prominent. According to the latest progress of hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancer research at home and abroad, and combined with our clinical experience, we proposed a long-term management concept based on hepatobiliary and pancreatic comprehensive multi-technical team. Based on this concept, we have carried out new thought and practice on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hepatobiliary and pancreatic malignant tumors.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 343-348, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the independent influencing factors of patients with spontaneous rupture hemorrhage of primary liver cancer (PLC).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 128 patients with PLC spontaneous rupture hemorrhage in Ningxia Medical University General Hospital from January 2017 to March 2022 were analyzed, including 108 males and 20 females, aged (53.4±10.6) years. According to different treatment, 128 patients were divided into liver resection group (LR, n=28), interventional group [ n=39, transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE)], and conservative group ( n=61). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression was performed to analyze prognostic factors. The LR and TACE groups were subdivided into LR (aLR, n=15), TACE/TAE (aTACE, n=33) and LR+ TACE ( n=19) groups. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed, and the survival rate was compared by log-rank test. Results:The median survival time of LR group and TACE group was 23 months and 21 months, respectively, with no statistical significance ( P>0.05). The median survival time (38 months) in LR+ TACE group was significantly longer than that in aLR group (10 months) and aTACE group (9 months), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that Barcelona Clinical Liver Cancer (BCLC)staging, tumor length ≥10.0 cm, vascular invasion, α-fetoprotein ≥400 μg/L, total bilirubin, prothrombin time and treatment affected overall survival of PLC spontaneous rupture hemorrhage patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that BCLC staging, tumor length ≥10.0 cm, Child-Pugh grade and treatment were independent influencing factors for overall survival of PLC spontaneous rupture hemorrhage patients (all P<0.05). Conclusion:BCLC stage, tumor length ≥10.0 cm, Child-Pugh grade and treatment method are independent predictors of overall survival in patients with spontaneous rupture of PLC. LR combined with TACE therapy can improve the survival and prognosis of patients with spontaneous rupture of primary liver cancer.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 321-323, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993330

ABSTRACT

With the continuous development of laparoscopic hepatectomy for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in recent years, laparoscopic anatomical hepatic segmentectomy has become increasingly improved, including anatomical segmentectomy, subsegmentectomy and combined segmentectomy. The above surgical procedures involve a variety of technical means, requiring the surgeon to be familiar with intrahepatic anatomy and possess extensive experience in ultrasound technology and laparoscopic surgery. This article discussed the key techniques of laparoscopic anatomical hepatic segmentectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma based on our clinical practice.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 66-71, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993282

ABSTRACT

Liver is an organ with strong regenerative potential. After trauma, infection, surgery and so on, it will initiate a series of regulation for orderly regeneration to rapidly restore liver function and liver volume and thus maintain normal physiological function. This article summarizes the process of liver regeneration after hepatectomy, the evaluation methods for liver regeneration and the factors affecting liver regeneration, so as to provide references for clinical precision liver surgical treatment.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 62-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993281

ABSTRACT

Primary liver cancer is a common malignant tumor. Early liver cancer is suitable for surgical resection, local ablation, liver transplantation and other radical treatment, and the prognosis is better. Patients with advanced liver cancer often have tumor thrombosis in hepatic vein and inferior vena cava. With high rates of recurrence and metastasis, the prognosis is poor. Chinese guidelines recommend multidisciplinary treatment to patients with hepatic vein thrombosis and inferior vena cava thrombosis including local treatment, systematic anti-tumor drug treatment, surgical resection and other treatment. This article reviewed the progress in diagnosis and treatment of primary liver cancer with tumor thrombosis in hepatic vein and inferior vena cava in the past decade.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 38-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic surgery in treatment of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of 58 patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent surgical treatment from January 2010 to January 2018 at Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 50 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 28 to 78 (53.0±10.8) years old. Patients were divided into laparoscopic group ( n=27) and laparotomy group ( n=31) according to different surgical procedures. The differences in operative time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, postoperative anal exhaustion time, postoperative complications and prognosis between the two groups were compared. Results:The intraoperative blood loss of laparoscopy group and laparotomy group were 100.0(50.0, 400.0) ml vs 300.0(100.0, 500.0) ml, the postoperative anal exhaustion time were (2.7±0.6) d vs (3.3±0.6) d, the hospital stay were (14.8±3.8) d vs (21.4±6.3) d, and these differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The operative time of the two groups were (243.4±27.2) min vs (217.5±34.7) min, with no statistical significance ( t=0.59, P=0.344). There were no significant differences between the two groups in postoperative complications (bile leakage, abdominal infection, hemorrhage, pleural effusion and hepatic encephalopathy) (all P>0.05); thetumor free survival, 1-year, and 3-year overall survival rates of the two groups were also not significantly different (both P>0.05). Conclusion:Laparoscopic surgery is safe and effective in the treatment of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma, and its prognosis is similar to laparotomy, its complications are not significantly increased, which is worthy of promotion in clinic.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 505-511, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and construction of prediction model.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 116 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy in the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from January 2019 to January 2022 were collected. There were 99 males and 17 females, aged (59±10)years. Observation indicators: (1) occurrence of PHLF; (2) analysis of factors influencing the occurrence of PHLF; (3) construction and evaluation of prediction model for PHLF. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distri-bution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The univariate analysis was conducted using the corresponding statistical methods based on data type. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model with forward method. The regression coefficient was used to construct the prediction model. The receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn, and the area under curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the predictive ability of prediction model. Results:(1) Occurrence of PHLF. Of the 116 patients, there were 27 cases with PHLF and 89 cases without PHLF, respectively. Of the 27 patients with PHLF, 13 cases underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy and 14 cases underwent open hepatectomy. (2) Analysis of factors influencing the occurrence of PHLF. Results of multivariate analysis showed preoperative portal vein tumor thrombus and preoperative indocyanine green retention at 15 minutes (ICG R15) ≥10% were independent risk factors influencing the occurrence of PHLF ( odds ratio=13.463, 4.702, 95% confidence interval as 3.140-57.650, 1.600-13.800, P<0.05). (3) Construction and evaluation of prediction model for PHLF. According to the multivariate analysis, preoperative portal vein tumor thrombus and preoperative ICG R15 were included to construct the prediction model for predicting the occurrence of PHLF in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. The AUC, sensitivity, specificity of prediction model was 0.750 (95% confidence interval as 0.654-0.846, P<0.05), 0.551, 0.852, respectively. Conclusions:Preoperative portal vein tumor thrombus and preoperative ICG R15 ≥10% are independent risk factors influen-cing the occurrence of PHLF. The prediction model based on these two factors has good efficacy in predicting PHLF of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

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