Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 557
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e254174, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360213

ABSTRACT

Abstract Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis is a vine species native to Brazil that is considered an unconventional food plant and a medicinal species whose phenolic compounds exert antioxidant activity. Since the production of metabolites is determined by environmental factors and leaf maturity, it is important to track these changes in order to determine the best time to harvest. This study aimed to verify whether leaf phenology and seasonality cause variations in the amount of phenolic compounds and in the antioxidant activity of this species. The leaves were collected in different seasons between September 2018 and April 2019, and separated according to maturity: young, mature, and senescent. Daily atmospheric temperature and rainfall data were used to characterize the collection period. The total phenolic content (TPC), determined by Folin-Ciocalteu method, was significantly higher in the young leaves collected in winter, a season of lower temperatures. These leaves showed 54.4 mg of gallic acid equivalents per 100 g of dry matter (mg GAE 100 g-1DM). Other results averaged 25.6 mg GAE 100 g-1DM. The highest antioxidant activity, assessed via the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method, regardless of leaf phenology, was observed in leaves harvested in autumn (73.7%) and winter (71.1%), seasons with lower rainfall. Leaves harvested in summer and spring had lower antioxidant action rates (54.3 e 37.5%, respectively). There was no significant correlation between the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Thus, the phenolic composition of A. cordifolia, and consequently its activity on free radicals, varies seasonally in response to temperature and rainfall, and may or may not interact with the age of the leaves.


Resumo Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis é uma trepadeira nativa do Brasil considerada uma planta alimentícia não convencional e uma espécie medicinal, cujos compostos fenólicos exercem ação antioxidante. Como a produção de metabólitos é determinada por fatores ambientais e pela maturidade das folhas, é importante acompanhar essas mudanças a fim de determinar a época de colheita. Neste estudo objetivou-se verificar se a fenologia foliar e a sazonalidade ocasionam variação na quantidade de compostos fenólicos e na ação antioxidante dessa espécie. As folhas foram coletadas em diferentes estações, entre setembro de 2018 e abril de 2019, e separadas conforme a maturidade: jovens, maduras e senescentes. Os dados diários de temperatura atmosférica e pluviosidade foram usados para caracterizar o período de coleta. O conteúdo de fenólicos totais (TPC), determinado pelo método Folin-Ciocalteu, foi significativamente maior nas folhas jovens coletadas no inverno, período caracterizado por temperaturas mais baixas. Estas folhas apresentaram 54,4 mg equivalentes de ácido gálico por 100 g de matéria seca (mg GAE 100 g-1DM) . A média dos outros resultados foi de 25,6 mg GAE 100 g-1DM. A maior ação antioxidante, avaliada pelo método do radical livre 2,2-difenil-1-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), foi observada em folhas colhidas no outono (73,7%) e inverno (71,1%), independentemente da fenologia foliar. Nestes períodos a pluviosidade foi menor. Folhas colhidas no verão e na primavera apresentaram menores percentuais de ação antioxidante (54,3 e 37,5%, respectivamente). Não houve correlação significativa entre o conteúdo de fenólicos totais e a atividade antioxidante. Conclui-se que a composição fenólica de A. cordifolia e, consequentemente, sua ação sobre radicais livres, varia sazonalmente em resposta à temperatura e pluviosidade, podendo ou não interagir com a idade das folhas.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248083, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278546

ABSTRACT

Abstract Species of the genus Cordia have shown biological activities, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antioxidant, antiviral, and antifungal activities. The species Cordia glabrata (MART) A.DC. Has no information concerning its phytochemical profile and possible biological activities. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate this profile in ethanolic extracts of young, adult and senescent leaves, as well as their antioxidant, photoprotective, antimicrobial, and virucidal potentials. Phytochemical analysis was performed by TLC (thin-layer chromatography) and showed the presence of flavonoids, tannins, and terpenes. The evaluation by UPLC-MS/MS (Ultra performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometer) evidenced the presence of caffeic (3.89 mgL-1), p-cumaric (6.13 mgL-1), and ferulic (0.58 mgL-1) acids, whilst, in GC/MS (Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) analysis there was a greater amount of palmitic (51.17%), stearic (20.34%), linoleic (9.62%), and miristic (8.16%) fatty acids. The DPPH (2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS+ (2′-Azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) radicals were used to verify the potential antioxidant activity, observing a better activity for the leaf extract in the adult phenological stage: 54.63 ± 1.06 µgmL-1 (DPPH) and 44.21 ± 1.69 mM (ABTS). The potential photoprotective activity of the extracts was determined by spectrophotometry and the in vitro values of SPF (Sun Protection Factor) in young and adult leaves (5.47 and 5.41, respectively) showed values close to the minimum SPF of 6.0 required by ANVISA (Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency). It was not observed an antimicrobial activity for Staphylococcus aureus with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 2000 μgmL-1, however the anti-herpetic assay against the Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) showed a potent virucidal activity at the tested concentrations with CV50 value <0.195 μgmL-1 and a Selectivity Index (SI = CC50 / CV50) greater than 448. The results obtained in this study suggest that extracts of leaves of C. glabrata in their adult phenological stage have potential antioxidant, photoprotective and virucidal activity, considering in vitro test results.


Resumo Espécies do gênero Cordia apresentam atividades biológicas, como anti-inflamatória, analgésica, antioxidante, antiviral e antifúngica. Para a espécie Cordia glabrata (MART) A.DC., ainda não existem informações sobre seu perfil fitoquímico e possíveis atividades biológicas, deste modo, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar este perfil em extratos etanólicos de folhas jovens, adultas e senescentes, bem como o potencial antioxidante, fotoprotetor, antimicrobiano e virucida. A análise fitoquímica foi realizada por CCD (Cromatografia em Camada Delgada), mostrando a presença de flavonóides, taninos e terpenos. Na avaliação por CLAE EM/EM (Cromatografia Líquida de Ultra Eficiência acoplada a Espectrometria de Massas) foi evidenciado a presença dos ácidos caféico (3,89 mgL-1), p-cumárico (6,13 mgL-1) e ferúlico (0,58 mgL-1), paralelamente, na CG/EM (Cromatografia Gasosa acoplada a Espectrometria de Massas) verificou-se maior quantidade dos ácidos graxos palmítico (51,17%), esteárico (20,34%), linoléico (9,62%) e mirístico (8,16%). Os radicais DPPH (2,2-Difenil-1-picrilhidrazil) e ABTS+ (2′-Azino-bis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico)) foram utilizados para verificar o potencial antioxidante, observando-se uma atividade superior para o extrato da folha em sua fase fenológica adulta: 54,63 ± 1,06 µgmL-1 (DPPH) e 44,21 ± 1,69 mM (ABTS+). A potencial atividade fotoprotetora dos extratos foi determinada espectrofotometricamente e os valores in vitro de FPS (Fator de Proteção Solar) em folhas jovens e adultas (5,47 e 5,41 respectivamente) apresentaram valores próximos ao FPS mínimo de 6,0 exigido pela ANVISA (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária). Não foi observada atividade antimicrobiana para Staphylococcus aureus sendo a concentração inibitória mínima de 2000 μgmL-1, no entanto o ensaio anti-herpético contra o vírus Herpes simplex tipo 2 (HSV-2) mostrou uma potente atividade virucida nas concentrações testadas com um valor de CV50 <0,195 μgmL-1 e um Índice de Seletividade (IS = CC50 / CV50) maior que 448. Os resultados obtidos neste estudo sugerem que extratos de folhas de C. glabrata em seu estágio fenológico adulto apresentam potencial antioxidante, fotoprotetora e virucida, considerando os resultados de testes in vitro.


Subject(s)
Cordia , Anti-Infective Agents , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Brazil , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Chromatography, Liquid , Plant Leaves , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Antioxidants/pharmacology
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e241863, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278488

ABSTRACT

Abstract Since the classic studies of Alexander Flemming, Penicillium strains have been known as a rich source of antimicrobial substances. Recent studies have identified novel metabolites produced by Penicillium sclerotiorum that have antibacterial, antifouling and pharmaceutical activities. Here, we report the isolation of a P. sclerotiorum (LM 5679) from Amazonian soil and carry out a culture-based study to determine whether it can produce any novel secondary metabolite(s) that are not thus-far reported for this genus. Using a submerged culture system, secondary metabolites were recovered by solvent extract followed by thin-layer chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectroscopy. One novel secondary metabolite was isolated from P. sclerotiorum (LM 5679); the phenolic compound 5-pentadecyl resorcinol widely known as an antifungal, that is produced by diverse plant species. This metabolite was not reported previously in any Penicillium species and was only found once before in fungi (that time, in a Fusarium). Here, we discuss the known activities of 5-pentadecyl resorcinol in the context of its mode-of-action as a hydrophobic (chaotropicity-mediated) stressor.


Resumo Desde os estudos clássicos de Alexander Flemming, as cepas de Penicillium são conhecidas como uma fonte rica em substâncias antimicrobianas. Estudos recentes identificaram novos metabólitos produzidos pela espécie Penicillium sclerotiorum com atividades antibacteriana, anti-incrustante e farmacêutica. Aqui, relatamos o isolamento de uma colônia de P. sclerotiorum (LM 5679) do solo amazônico e relatamos também o estudo baseado em cultura para determinar se ele pode produzir qualquer novo metabólito (s) secundário (s) que não foram relatados até agora para este gênero. Usando um sistema de cultura submerso, os metabólitos secundários foram recuperados por extrato de solvente seguido por cromatografia em camada delgada, ressonância magnética nuclear e espectroscopia de massa. Um novo metabólito secundário foi isolado de P. sclerotiorum (LM 5679); o composto fenólico 5-pentadecil resorcinol que é amplamente conhecido como um antifúngico que é produzido por diversas espécies de plantas. Este metabólito não foi relatado anteriormente em nenhuma espécie de Penicillium, e foi encontrado apenas uma vez em fungos (Fusarium). Aqui, discutimos as atividades conhecidas do 5-pentadecil resorcinol no contexto de seu modo de ação como um estressor hidrofóbico (mediado pela caotropicidade).


Subject(s)
Penicillium , Resorcinols , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antifungal Agents
4.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 65: e22210200, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364470

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Tissue culture technique is one of the best methods to reproduce salvia plant Therefore, the aim of this research was to enhance the in-vitro callus proliferation and production of secondary metabolites of S. moorcroftiana using different combinations of auxin, cytokinin and melatonin. Initially, callus induction was optimized using indole acetic acid (IAA), 2, 4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D), and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) applied at different concentrations in combination with 1 mg L-1 of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP). The results indicates that earliest days to callus induction (14.67 days) was occurred in the media fortified with 2, 4-D+BAP (2.0+1.0 mgL-1). Whereas the highest callus initiation (100%) was induced on MS medium incorporated with 2,4-D+BAP (1+1mgL-1). Furthermore, maximum fresh weight was obtained when 2,4- D + BAP at the rate of (1+ 1mg L-1) was incorporated and dry weight was attained when 2,4- D + BAP at the rate of (2+1 mg L-1) was added to MS media. The maximum fresh and dry weight was obtained when melatonin at rate of 1.5 mg L-1 was supplemented with MS media including 2,4-D + BAP (1+1mg L-1), moreover the maximum DPPH scavenging activity, total phenolic and flavonoid content was noted when supplemented with melatonin at rate of 1.5 mg L-1. In conclusion, among various concentrations of plant growth regulators, 2,4- D + BAP at the rate of (1+ 1mg L-1) along with 1.5 g L-1 melatonin was the best for callus growth and production of secondary metabolites of S. moorcroftiana.

5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1260-1268, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355671

ABSTRACT

The use of blood metabolites (BM), fecal starch (FS), and apparent digestion of starch, (ATTSD) as indicators of feed efficiency (FE) in beef cattle in the feedlot was studied. Fourteen bulls were used, originating in an industrial cross, without a defined racial group, with mean body weight of 284.86kg, individually fed, being evaluated in a 42-day confinement system. After the evaluation, the animals were divided into two groups according to the individual FE: high feed efficiency (HE) and low feed efficiency (LE). There was a difference between the groups in the variables FE, feed conversion (FC), final weight (FW), and daily weight gain (DWG). The FE had a positive correlation with DWG, FC, and FW. There was no difference between the groups for the variables BM, FS, and ATTSD, nor was there any correlation between these variables and FE. Considering the feed cost, the HE animals proved more profitable. BM, FS, and ATTSD did not statistically show potential to be used as indicators of FE, despite the evidence of numerical differences of these variables between the different groups, tendency of correlations with FE, and discriminating function with potential assertiveness.(AU)


Foi estudada a utilização dos metabólitos sanguíneos (BM), do amido fecal (FS) e da digestão aparente do amido (ATTSD) como indicadores de eficiência alimentar (FE) em bovinos de corte em confinamento. Utilizaram-se 14 touros, originários de cruzamento industrial, sem grupo racial definido, peso corporal médio de 284,86kg, alimentados individualmente, sendo avaliados em sistema de confinamento por 42 dias. Após a avaliação, dividiram-se os animais em dois grupos, de acordo com a FE individual: alta eficiência alimentar (HE) e baixa eficiência alimentar (LE). Houve diferença entre os grupos nas variáveis FE, conversão alimentar (FC), peso final (FW) e ganho de peso diário (DWG). A FE teve correlação positiva com DWG, FC e FW. Não houve diferença entre os grupos para as variáveis BM, FS e ATTSD, tampouco houve correlação entre essas variáveis e a FE. Considerando-se o custo alimentar, os animais HE mostraram-se mais lucrativos. BM, FS e ATTSD não mostraram, estatisticamente, potencial para serem utilizados como indicadores de FE, apesar da evidência de diferenças numéricas dessas variáveis entre os diferentes grupos, tendência de correlações com a FE e de função discriminante com potencial assertividade.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Weight Gain , Livestock/blood , Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena , Body Weight , Costs and Cost Analysis
6.
CienciaUAT ; 15(2): 169-185, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285900

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las cabras habitan regiones áridas como resultado de su adaptación a condiciones extremas. La selección de la dieta es una de las estrategias conductuales que les han permitido evitar deficiencias nutricionales o intoxicaciones aun en condiciones de baja disponibilidad de alimento. Así mismo, el ramoneo, como conducta ingestiva de la especie, les permite seleccionar y obtener plantas con adecuados valores de proteína cruda que favorezcan su desarrollo y supervivencia. También, las cabras se adaptan a las características químicas de las plantas, las cuales desarrollan compuestos bioactivos para evitar ser consumidas. Estos metabolitos secundarios pueden tener efectos antinutricionales y tóxicos así como medicinales o curativos, dependiendo del consumo que tenga el animal. El objetivo de este trabajo fue revisar la selección y hábitos de las cabras en el consumo de plantas nativas, para determinar cómo favorecen la supervivencia y productividad de la especie, bajo las condiciones de adversidad ambiental que caracterizan a las regiones áridas. Dicho conocimiento permitirá establecer estrategias para el manejo adecuado del agostadero y conocer el efecto que los compuestos del metabolismo secundario de las plantas puedan tener en los procesos reproductivos, nutricionales, sanitarios, así como en los productos derivados de la leche o carne de estos animales.


Abstract Goats dwell arid regions as a result of their adaptation to extreme conditions. Diet selection is one of the behavioral strategies that has allowed them to avoid nutritional deficiencies or poisonings, even under conditions of low food availability. Likewise, browsing as an ingestive behavior of the species allows them to select and obtain plants with adequate crude protein values, which favor their development and survival. Also, goats adapt to the chemical characteristics of plants, which develop bioactive compounds to avoid being consumed. These secondary metabolites can have antinutritional and toxic effects, as well as medicinal or curative effects, depending on the consumption that the animal has. The objective of this work was to review the selection and habits of goats in the consumption of native plants, to determine how they favor the survival and productivity of the species under the conditions of environmental adversity that characterize arid regions. This knowledge will allow to establish strategies for the proper management of the rangeland and to know the effect that the compounds of the secondary metabolism of the plants may have on the reproductive, nutritional, and health processes, as well as on the products derived from the milk or meat of these animals.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1740-1766, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888833

ABSTRACT

The phytoecdysteroids (PEs) comprise a large group of biologically-active plant steroids, which have structures similar to those of insect-molting hormones. PEs are distributed in plants as secondary metabolites that offer protection against phytophagus (plant-eating) insects. When insects consume the plants containing these chemicals, they promptly molt and undergo metabolic destruction; the insects eventually die. Chemically, ecdysteroids are a group of polyhydroxylated ketosteroids that are structurally similar to androgens. The carbon skeleton of ecdysteroids is termed as cyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene with a

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888802

ABSTRACT

One-sixth of the currently known natural products contain α, β-unsaturated carbonyl groups. Our previous studies reported a rare C-sulfonate metabolic pathway. Sulfonate groups were linked to the β-carbon of α, β-unsaturated carbonyl-based natural compounds through this pathway. However, the mechanism of this type of metabolism is still not fully understood, especially whether it is formed through enzyme-mediated biotransformation or direct sulfite addition. In this work, the enzyme-mediated and non-enzymatic pathways were studied. First, the sulfite content in rat intestine was determined by LC-MS/MS. The results showed that the amount of sulfite in rat intestinal contents was from 41.5 to 383 μg·g

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1017-1020, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909446

ABSTRACT

The pathology of sepsis is extremely complex. Pathogen invasion, inflammatory factors secretion, coagulation disorder and microcirculation disturbance lead to metabolic disorder and organ dysfunction. In recent years, immunometabolism has aroused continuous attention in aspect of nutrition therapy and immune intervention for sepsis. Nutrition metabolites include amino acids, fatty acids, and glucose metabolites, which are not only the nutritional ingredients, but also the regulators of innate immune and adaptive immune. Fatty acids and glucose metabolites are involved in regulation of immune response mainly via free fatty acid receptors and AMP-activated protein kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (AMPK/mTOR) signaling pathway. Here, we summarized the research progress on the roles of nutrition metabolites in nutrition therapy and immune regulation during sepsis, which could provide a new direction for the development of metabolic therapy for sepsis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909331

ABSTRACT

Intestinal homeostasis is affected by many factors such as genetics, environment, and eating habits. High-fat diet, as one of the influencing factors, may affect the intestinal microbial metabolites, destroy the integrity of the intestinal mucosal barrier and induce intestinal immunity dysfunction, which in turn leads to imbalance of intestinal homeostasis and occurrence of digestive diseases. This article reviews the recent research progress on the effects of high-fat diet on intestinal homeostasis via microbial metabolites.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3331-3344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906833

ABSTRACT

italic>Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo is a rare Chinese herbal medicine, while Dendrobium crepidatum Lindl is a local medicine in Yunnan, both of which have the function of nourishing yin and stomach. To reveal the differences in chemical composition between the two species, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to analyze the chemical composition of stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to determine the differences in metabolites between species and parts of Dendrobium. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified in the two species. Analysis indicated that the side ring of alkaloids connected with nitrogen was readily cleaved during analysis. The results of PCA analysis showed that the stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum could be easily differentiated, and the chemical constituents of D. officinale and D. crepidatum were significantly different. OPLS-DA analysis showed that there were 16 metabolite differences between the stems and 22 differences in metabolites between the leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. The main metabolite differences in components between the two Dendrobium species were dendrocrepidine B, dendrocrepidine C and dendrocrepine. There were 14 differences in metabolites between the stems and leaves of D. crepidatum. In conclusion, the chemical compositions of D. officinale and D. crepidatum are quite different; the small molecular compounds of D. officinale are mainly terpenoids and flavonoids, and the content of alkaloids is low. There is no significant difference between stem and leaf. In contrast, D. crepidatum is mainly composed of alkaloids and terpenoids, with crepidamine and dendrocrepine as its unique components, and there are great differences in the components between stems and leaves. This study provides a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of Dendrobium resources.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the intervention of <italic>Hedyotis diffusa</italic> (HDW) on colitis associated cancer (CAC) model mice and explore its mechanism. Method:The CAC mouse model was established by synergistic action of azoxymethane (AOM) and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). The intervention of HDW on CAC mice was evaluated by disease activity index (DAI), colonic tissue morphology, pathological injury score and tumorigenesis rate. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and multivariate statistical analysis were used to analyze the metabonomics of mice serum and to explore the mechanism of HDW intervention on CAC. Result:HDW could significantly improve the general condition of CAC mice, decrease DAI, colon gross morphological score, histopathological score and tumorigenesis rate. Compared with the normal group, 38 kinds of differential metabolites were screened in the model group, including 11 potential biomarkers, involving 11 main metabolic pathways. HDW could significantly regulate 9 kinds of differential metabolites [niacinamide, uridine, 4-pyridoxic acid, LysoPC (18∶0), LysoPE (0∶0/20∶0), myo-inositol, purine, sphinganine 1-phosphate and tetradecanedioic acid] in the model group, including 2 kinds of potential biomarkers (myo-inositol and niacinamide), and HDW could regulate nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism and inositol phosphate metabolism. Conclusion:HDW has a therapeutic effect on CAC, which may be achieved by regulation of energy metabolism and glucose metabolism.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the difference in antibacterial mechanism between <italic>Coptis chinensis</italic> and<italic> </italic>its<italic> </italic>flower stalk based on secondary metabolites and network pharmacology. Method:Based on the ultraperformance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) detection platform,the secondary metabolites database of <italic>C. chinensis</italic> and its flower stalk(MWDB) was built. The common database of metabolites information and the multivariate statistical analysis were used to study the differences of secondary metabolites between <italic>C. chinensis</italic> and its flower stalk and screen out 18 metabolites of<italic> </italic>the<italic> </italic>flower stalk and 11 metabolites of <italic>C. chinensis</italic> with a high content. BATMAN-TCM database was used to obtain the targets of component action,and their corresponding genes were inquired in the UniProt database. GeneCards was retrieved for antimicrobial genes,and the intersection genes of components and antimicrobials were obtained on Venny platform. Through DAVID gene ontology(GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis,the mechanism of its action was predicted,and the results were visualized through histogram and advanced bubble diagram drawn by GraphPad Prism software and OmicShare database. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by STRING, database and the component-target-pathway network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.2 software. The antibacterial differences were compared based on the results of network pharmacology analysis. Result:Through network pharmacology,the antibacterial active components of <italic>C. chinensis</italic> were 5 fewer than that of the flower stalk,55 more antibacterial targets than that of the flower stalk; quercetin and berberine were predicted to be the common components of the antagonistic action of <italic>C. chinensis </italic>and the flower stalk. Key genes involved in antimicrobial action were p38 Mitogen-activated protein kinase 14(MAPK14),catalase(CAT); malaria and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway were different key pathways involved in antimicrobial activity. Conclusion:<italic>C. chinensis </italic>and the flower stalk mainly exert the antibacterial effect in a multi-target and multi-pathway manner,which can offer new ideas and clues for the study of antibacterial mechanism of<italic> C. chinensis</italic> and the flower stalk,and provide a new development direction for the comprehensive development and rational application of the flower stalk resources.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906434

ABSTRACT

Objective:An ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with Orbitrap Fusion Lumos Tribrid mass spectrometry (UPLC-Orbitrap Fusion Lumos Tribrid-MS) was applied to analyze the prototypes and their metabolites of Phellodendri Amurensis Cortex aqueous extract in the serum, urine and feces of normal rats, and to investigate the pharmacodynamic material basis of Phellodendri Amurensis<italic> </italic>Cortex in rats. Method:Chromatographic separation was performed on the ACQUITY UPLC<sup>®</sup> CSH<sup>TM</sup> C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-15 min, 2%-25%B; 15-25 min, 25%-50%B; 25-28 min, 50%-98%B), flow rate was 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the injection volume was 10 μL and the column temperature was 40 ℃. Heated electrospray ionization (HESI) was used to collect data in the positive ion modes with the scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 000. By comparing chromatogram differences between the blank samples and the samples after administration, prototypes and their metabolites of biological samples after oral administration of Phellodendri Amurensis Cortex aqueous extract were identified. Result:After oral administration of Phellodendri Amurensis Cortex aqueous extract, a total of 70 compounds including 15 prototypes and 55 metabolites in rat serum, urine and feces were detected. Among them, 15 prototypes included 12 alkaloids and 3 limonoids, and 55 metabolites included 52 alkaloids and 3 limonoids. Desaturation, methylation, oxidation, sulfonation and glucuronide conjugation were observed as the primary metabolic pathways for the chemical constituents of Phellodendri Amurensis Cortex aqueous extract. Conclusion:Alkaloids in Phellodendri Amurensis Cortex aqueous extract undergo phase Ⅰ and phase Ⅱ metabolism in rats, and limonoids mainly undergo phase Ⅰ metabolism in rats. This paper can provide experimental basis for further analyzing the process <italic>in vivo</italic> of Phellodendri Amurensis Cortex and elucidating its pharmacodynamic substance basis<italic>.</italic>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906344

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the soil physical and chemical properties, microorganisms, and metabolites in different culture environments of <italic>Gastrodia elata</italic>, so as to provide scientific basis for subsequent cultivation of <italic>G. elata</italic> in multiple environments. Method:The tubersphere soil of <italic>G. elata</italic> cultured in different environments was collected for analyzing the soil nutrients, microbial numbers, and metabolite differences using the agrochemical method, plate-count method, and gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS)-based non-targeted metabonomic approach. Result:The analysis of soil physical and chemical properties revealed the highest soil moisture, pH, available potassium, and available phosphorus in the spinney and the highest electrical conductivity, total nitrogen, alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen, and organic matter in the pinewood. As demonstrated by the quantitative analysis of soil microorganisms, the cultivable microorganisms were bacteria, actinomycetes, and fungi, with the bacterial population and total microbial biomass in the spinney and the number of fungi and actinomycetes in the barren slope detected to be the largest. The ratio of bacteria to fungi (B/F value) in the pinewood was the highest, while that in the barren slope was the lowest. The results of metabonomic research demonstrated that the compositions and quantities of soil metabolites in the spinney (Z group), pinewood (S group), and barren slope (HD group) varied. Through comparisons between S and Z groups, between HD and Z groups, as well as between HD and S groups by orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), 18, 35, and 24 differential metabolites were separately screened out, and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis yielded 5, 9, and 13 metabolic pathways. There existed a significant causal relationship of the soil physical and chemical properties and microbial numbers with the metabolites. Conclusion:The soil physical and chemical properties, microbial numbers, and metabolite changes differed significantly in different culture environments of <italic>G. elata</italic>, which were sorted by the suitability in a descending order as follows: spinney > pinewood >barren slope. The soil physical and chemical properties and microbial numbers are the crucial factors driving changes in soil metabolites, suggesting that regulating the soil physical and chemical characteristics and microbial characteristics in the culture environment is an important mechanism for maintaining the <italic>G. elata</italic>-soil-microbial symbiotic system.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905875

ABSTRACT

Objective:The biological mechanism of <italic>Codonopsis pilosula</italic> adaptation to drought was explored by determining the root metabolome of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> during harvesting. Method:Non-targeted metabonomics LC-MS was used to screen differential metabolites by multivariate statistical analysis,univariate statistical analysis and metabolic pathway enrichment analysis. Result:①There were 274 metabolites in LD vs CK group,142 of which were up-regulated and 132 of which were down-regulated. There were 284 metabolites with significant difference in MD vs CK group,of which 157 were up-regulated and 127 were down-regulated. There were 317 metabolites with significant difference in SD vs CK group,of which 133 were up-regulated and 184 were down-regulated. ②Differential metabolites were annotated into kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genomes (KEGG) database and 82 differential metabolic pathways were obtained,among which sphingolipids metabolism was significantly enriched (<italic>P</italic><0.01).Metabolism of arginine and proline,tryptophan,alanine,galactose,nicotinic acid and nicotinamide,cysteine and methionine,arachidonic acid,linolenic acid and glycerides were significantly enriched in different metabolite pathways (<italic>P</italic><0.05). ③The metabolites of the three comparison groups before and after enrichment were classified and analyzed. It was found that they were mainly concentrated in fatty acyls group,carboxylic acid and derivatives,and organ oxygen compounds,followed by sphingolipids,indoles and derivatives,organonitrogen compounds,glycerophospholipids,pyridines and derivatives,peptidomimetics,glycerolipids and so on.In the drought stress of <italic>C. codonopsis</italic>,carbohydrate related metabolites were mainly up-regulated,lipid related metabolites were mainly down-regulated,and all other metabolites were up-regulated. Conclusion:The changes of metabolites in the roots of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> under drought stress were elucidated. carbohydrate and lipid-related metabolites were the main products of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> under drought stress,and these metabolites may be the main reason to improve the ability of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> to resist drought,which laid a foundation for further study on the mechanism of <italic>C. pilosula</italic> to resist drought.

17.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 373-378, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923202

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of sodium arsenite and arsenic metabolites monomethylarsenic acid(MMA) and dimethylarsenic acid(DMA)on the expression of linear and circularRNAs of nucleoporin 107(Nup107) in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. METHODS: i) The A549 cells in logarithmic phase were treated with 0, 30, 60, 90 μmol/L sodium arsenite for 48 hours. ii)The A549 cells in logarithmic phase were treated with 90 μmol/L sodium arsenite, MMA and DMA for 48 hours, the control group received no treatment. After culturing, the relative expression of linear RNA and circular RNA(circRNA) of Nup107 was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: i) The relative expression of linear RNA of Nup107 decreased and four circRNA isomers such as hsa_circ_0003599, hsa_circ_0027477, hsa_circ_0027478 and hsa_circ_0027479 increased with the increase of sodium arsenite dose(all P<0.01), showing a dose-effect relationship. In the 90 μmol/L sodium arsenite stimulated group, the relative expression of linear RNA of Lin-Nup107 decreased, and the four circRNA isomers increased compared with the control group in the A549 cells(all P<0.01). ii) The relative expression of Lin-Nup107 increased in the MMA and DMA stimulated groups and decreased in the sodium arsenite stimulated group compared with the control group in the A549 cells(all P<0.05). The relative expression of Lin-Nup107 decreased in the sodium arsenite stimulated group compared with the MMA and DMA stimulated groups in the A549 cells(all P<0.05). The relative expressions of hsa_circ_0003599, hsa_circ_0027478, hsa_circ_0027479 in the sodium arsenite stimulated group were higher than that in the MMA and DMA stimulated groups as well as the control group(all P<0.05).The relative expressions of hsa_circ_0027479 in the DMA stimulated group was lower than that in the control group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Sodium arsenite can induce the down-regulation of linear RNA and the up-regulation of circRNA of Nup107 in a dose-dependent manner. The metabolites of arsenic MMA and DMA can induce the overexpression of linear RNA of Nup107, however, they had no obvious effect on the circRNA of Nup107 in A549 cells.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921797

ABSTRACT

Chronical hyperuricemia, a severe metabolic disease characterized by increased serum uric acid, urea nitrogen, and creatinine, has a positive correlation with the risks of gouty arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, and kidney damage. Abnormal purine metabolism and reduced uric acid excretion are the major causes of hyperuricemia, which, thus, points to a potential strategy of preventing from or delaying the progress of hyperuricemia-related diseases and its complications by effectively controlling the serum uric acid level. Increasing evidence has revealed that Chinese medicines alleviate hyperuricemia through regulating intestinal flora, which plays a pivotal role in regulating metabolites, including uric acid level. The disease treatment with traditional Chinese medicine is based on syndrome differentiation, and Chinese medicines often have multiple effects and a wide range of targets. In this review, we summarized the anti-hyperuricemia effects and mechanisms of active compounds in Chinese medicines, single Chinese medicinal herbs, and Chinese medicinal prescriptions in regulating the uric acid level via intestinal flora and metabolites, which will be helpful for further study and application of Chinese medicines in hyperuricemia treatment.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Gouty , China , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Uric Acid
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921786

ABSTRACT

Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was used to investigate the metabolites of maackiain in rats based on the prediction function of UNIFI data processing system and liver microsomal incubation in vitro. Ten metabolites of maackiain after oral absorption were reasonably deduced and characterized. It was found that the biotransformation of maackiain mainly included phase Ⅰ oxidation, dehydrogenation, phase Ⅱ sulfate conjugation, glucosylation conjugation, and glucuronic acid conjugation. Among them, the product of glucosylation conjugation, trifolirhizin, was identified by comparison with the reference for the first time. Liver microsomal incubation in vitro further confirmed the metabolites and metabolic pathways of maackiain in rats. The metabolites in the blood, urine, and feces complemented each other, which revealed the migration, metabolism, and excretion modes of maackiain in rats. This study lays a foundation for the further investigation of the metabolic mechanism of maackiain in vivo and the in-depth research on the mechanism of pharmacodynamics and toxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Pterocarpans , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921691

ABSTRACT

Mecicinal plants boast abundant natural compounds with significant pharmacological activity, and such compounds, featuring diversified and complex structures, can be used for research and development of drugs. At present, these natural compounds are directly extracted from herbs which, however, suffer from damaged wild resources and shortage of planting resources attributing to the increasing demand. Moreover, the low content in medicinal plants and complex structures are another challenge to the research and development of drugs. Heterologous synthesis with synthetic biology methods is a solution that has attracted wide attention. Synthetic bio-logy for the production of natural active compounds in Chinese medicinal plants involves the exploration of key enzymes in compound bio-synthetic pathways from plants, analysis of enzyme functions and mechanisms, and reconstruction and optimization of biosynthetic pathways in microorganisms for efficient synthesis of compounds. This study briefed the development process of synthetic biology and the biosynthetic pathways of terpenoids, alkaloids, and flavonoids, and summarized the related strategies of synthetic biology such as the reconstruction and optimization of metabolic pathways, regulation of fermentation process, and strain improvement, and the latest applications of heterogeneous synthetic biology in the production of natural compounds from Chinese medicinals. This study is expected to serve as a reference for the efficient production of terpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids, and other active compounds from Chinese medicinal plants with strategies of synthetic biology.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Biosynthetic Pathways , China , Plants, Medicinal , Synthetic Biology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL