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Braz. j. biol ; 84: e248946, 2024. tab, mapas, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364502


Environmental pollutants may often alter the genetic components of natural populations. In this study, heavy metals and genetic diversity in land snail (Achatina achatina) from three populations of south-western Nigeria were investigated, using the Atomic Absorption Spectrometry and DNA Sequencing technology respectively. Metal analysis revealed that the snails accumulated lead (Pb) and nickel (Ni) in high concentrations in two of the three states, while cadmium (Cd) was the least detected. Editing and alignment of the sequences of all snail accessions generated a range of 384bp to 419 bp. Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) in all 18 accessions was low at only 16%. The query coverage (QC) ranged between 96% and 100%, with 14 (77.8%) of the 18 accessions showing 100% identity. Pairwise comparison of the accessions studied also showed a high genetic similarity. The unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) generated two main clusters. Cluster I was unique and contain one sample (AaOy06) while the other cluster are very closely related and can be further sub-divided into sub-clusters. The similarity index of between the clusters is 0.5357. The close similarity among the accessions may be due to the geographical proximity of the three states. The uniqueness of accession AaOy06 in comparison to other accessions might be due to the negative influence of heavy metal, particularly lead. The determination of evolutionary relationships among snail populations may be useful towards the breeding efforts of the species in Nigeria.

Os poluentes ambientais podem frequentemente alterar os componentes genéticos das populações naturais. Neste estudo, metais pesados e diversidade genética em caramujos terrestres (Achatina achatina) de três populações do sudoeste da Nigéria foram investigados, usando a tecnologia de espectrometria de absorção atômica e sequenciamento de DNA, respectivamente. A análise dos metais revelou que os caramujos acumularam chumbo (Pb) e níquel (Ni) em altas concentrações em dois dos três estados, enquanto o cádmio (Cd) foi o menos detectado. A edição e o alinhamento das sequências de todos os acessos de caramujos geraram uma faixa de 384pb a 419pb. A análise de variância molecular (AMOVA) em todos os 18 acessos foi baixa em apenas 16%. A cobertura da consulta (QC) variou entre 96% e 100%, com 14 (77,8%) dos 18 acessos apresentando 100% de identidade. A comparação pareada dos acessos estudados também mostrou alta similaridade genética. O método de grupo de pares não ponderados com média aritmética (UPGMA) gerou dois clusters principais. O cluster I era único e contém uma amostra (AaOy06), enquanto o outro cluster está intimamente relacionado e pode ser subdividido em subclusters. O índice de similaridade entre os clusters é 0,5357. A grande semelhança entre os acessos pode ser devido à proximidade geográfica dos três estados. A singularidade do acesso AaOy06 em comparação com outros acessos pode ser devido à influência negativa de metais pesados, particularmente chumbo. A determinação das relações evolutivas entre as populações de caramujos pode ser útil para os esforços de reprodução da espécie na Nigéria.

Animals , Snails , Genetic Variation , Metals, Heavy , Environmental Pollutants
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244494, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285607


Abstract Since water is one of the essentials for life, the presence and quality of water in the habitat is extremely important. Therefore, water quality change and management of Lake Aygır was investigated in this study. For this, water samples collected from the lake and the irrigation pool between May 2015 and May 2016 were analyzed monthly. Spectrophotometric, titrimetric and microbiological methods were used to determine the water quality. According to some water quality regulations, HCO3, NH4, Cu, Mo, Br, fecal coliform and total suspended solid (TSS) values were found above the limit values. The other 29 parameters comply with Turkish national and international legislations. Lake Aygır was negatively affected by the surrounding settlements and agricultural activities. It is thought that the water resource should be monitored periodically and remedial studies should be done to prevent parameters exceeding the limits. However, Lake Aygır was generally suitable for drinking, use, fishing and irrigation.

Resumo Como a água é um dos elementos essenciais para a vida, a presença e a qualidade da água no habitat são extremamente importantes. Portanto, a mudança da qualidade da água e a gestão do lago Aygır foram investigadas neste estudo. Para isso, amostras de água coletadas no lago e na piscina de irrigação entre maio de 2015 e maio de 2016 foram analisadas mensalmente. Métodos espectrofotométricos, titulométricos e microbiológicos foram usados para determinar a qualidade da água. De acordo com alguns regulamentos de qualidade da água, os valores de HCO3, NH4, Cu, Mo, Br, coliformes fecais e total sólido suspenso (TSS) foram encontrados acima dos valores limite. Os outros 29 parâmetros estão em conformidade com as legislações nacionais e internacionais turcas. O lago Aygır foi afetado negativamente pelos assentamentos e atividades agrícolas ao redor. Pensa-se que o recurso hídrico deve ser monitorado periodicamente e estudos corretivos devem ser feitos para evitar que os parâmetros ultrapassem os limites. No entanto, o lago Aygır era geralmente adequado para beber, usar, pescar e irrigar.

Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis , Lakes , Turkey , Water Quality , Environmental Monitoring , Fisheries
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225136, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354771


Aim: To evaluate the influence of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) coping fabrication methods and ceramic application on the marginal and internal fit of metal-ceramic crowns. Methods: Co-Cr copings for metal-ceramic crowns were prepared by lost wax casting or CAD-CAM machining of sintered blocks. The fit was analyzed using the silicone replica technique at four assessment points: marginal gap (MG), axial wall (AW), axio-occlusal (AO) angle, and central occlusal (CO) wall. After the initial analysis, the copings were ceramic-veneered with the layering technique, and the fit was again determined. Data were statistically analyzed by paired and unpaired Student's-t test (α=0.05). Results: Marginal and internal fit before ceramic application according to the coping manufacturing method showed significant differences only at CO (p < 0.001), with milled copings (137.98±16.71 µm) showing higher gap values than cast copings (112.86±8.57 µm). For cast copings, there were significant differences at MG (before 109.13±8.79 µm; after 102.78±7.18 µm) and CO (before 112.86±8.57 µm; after 104.07±10.63 µm) when comparing the fit before and after ceramic firing. For milled copings, there was significant difference only at AO (before 116.39±9.64 µm; after 108.54±9.26 µm). Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the coping fabrication method influenced the internal fit. Ceramic firing maintained or improved the fit of the metal-ceramic crowns. The marginal discrepancy of all restorations, before and after ceramic firing, can be considered clinically acceptable

Ceramics , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Crowns
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1449, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1394542


ABSTRACT Objective: to measure the level of psychoactive substance dependence of healthcare students from a public federal university and to verify relationships with mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach carried out with 527 students from seven undergraduate courses in the health area at a federal public university in the Brazilian South region. Collection was carried out virtually by means of a questionnaire for sociodemographic and academic characterization, the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test and the Mental Health Inventory. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used for data analysis. Results: during the COVID-19 pandemic, most of the students presented occasional and suggestive of abuse consumption of tobacco products, alcoholic beverages, marijuana and hypnotics/sedatives. The lowest mean mental health scores corresponded to the students who had their addiction level classified as suggestive of abuse, and the highest mean scores were found in those who did not use these substances during the pandemic (no consumption/pandemic). Conclusion: given that higher mean scores point to better mental health, it can be inferred that worse mental health is associated with higher psychoactive substance consumption.

RESUMEN Objetivo: medir el nivel de dependencia de sustancias psicoactivas entre estudiantes de salud de una Universidad Pública Federal y verificar las relaciones con la salud mental durante la pandemia de COVID-19. Método: Estudio transversal con enfoque cuantitativo realizado con 527 alumnos de siete cursos de pregrado del área de salud de una Universidad Pública Federal del sur de Brasil. La recogida se realizó de forma virtual a través de un cuestionario de caracterización sociodemográfica y académica, el Test de Detección de Consumo de Alcohol, Tabaco y Sustancias, y el Inventario de Salud Mental. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizaron estadísticas descriptivas e inferenciales. Resultados: la mayoría de los estudiantes durante la pandemia de COVID-19 tenían un consumo ocasional y sugestivo de productos de tabaco, bebidas alcohólicas, marihuana e hipnóticos/sedantes. Las puntuaciones medias de salud mental más bajas fueron las de los estudiantes cuyo nivel de dependencia se clasificó como sugestivo de abuso, y las puntuaciones más altas las de aquellos que no consumieron durante la pandemia (sin consumo/pandemia). Conclusión: teniendo en cuenta que las medias más altas apuntan a una mejor salud mental, se puede deducir que una peor salud mental está asociada a un mayor consumo de sustancias psicoactivas.

RESUMO Objetivo: mensurar o nível de dependência de substâncias psicoativas dos estudantes da área da saúde de uma universidade pública federal e verificar relações com a saúde mental durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Método: estudo transversal com abordagem quantitativa realizado com 527 estudantes de sete cursos de graduação da área da saúde de uma universidade pública federal da região Sul do Brasil. A coleta foi realizada de forma virtual por meio de um questionário de caracterização sociodemográfica e acadêmica, o Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test e o Mental Health Inventory. Para análise dos dados, foi utilizada a estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: a maioria dos estudantes, durante a pandemia da COVID-19, apresentou uso ocasional e sugestivo de abuso para derivados do tabaco, bebidas alcoólicas, maconha e hipnóticos/sedativos. As menores médias de saúde mental foram dos estudantes que tiveram seu nível de dependência classificado como sugestivo de abuso, e as maiores médias foram dos que não fizeram uso dessas substâncias durante a pandemia (sem uso/pandemia). Conclusão: tendo em vista que médias mais elevadas apontam para uma melhor saúde mental, pode-se inferir que uma pior saúde mental está associada ao maior uso de substâncias psicoativas.

Humans , Mental Health , Substance-Related Disorders/prevention & control , COVID-19/diagnosis , Social Isolation , Students , Universities , World Health Organization , Mass Screening , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Delivery of Health Care , Pandemics , Alcohol Drinking in College
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(3): 351-355, Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376140


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the workers in the metal and transportation sectors in terms of COVID-19 infection frequency and to examine and establish links between infection frequency and the workplace working conditions. METHODS: A survey was prepared and conducted with a questionnaire prepared on the Google Form platform consisting of questions about the pandemic among the members of the All Transport Workers' and The United Metalworkers' Union in Turkey. RESULTS: The number of workers diagnosed with COVID-19 was 5.8% in the transportation sector and 2.8% in the metal sector, with a significant difference (p=0.036). The percentage of workers diagnosed with COVID-19 who worked at a physical proximity less than 2 m in the transportation sector was higher than those who worked in the metal sector (p=0.014). The proportion of those who stated that there were COVID-19 patients among their colleagues and working at a physical proximity less than 2 m at the workplace was 18.2% in the transportation and 10.6% in the metal sector, with a significant difference (p=0.003), those who took time off from work was 74%, but 28.5% successively (p<0.001). The share of those who thought that the protective equipment and/or measures were not sufficient during the pandemic was 41.9% in the transportation and 17.7% in the metal sector (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The results emphasized that the characteristics of jobs, physical proximity during job hours, the use of protective equipment, and size of the workplaces should be considered as reasons for different infection risks in different sectors.

Rev. méd. Urug ; 38(1): e38114, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1389668


Resumen: Introducción: el cáncer gástrico es la quinta neoplasia en frecuencia a nivel mundial. Su diagnóstico suele ser tardío. La estenosis gastroduodenal es una complicación frecuente, que condiciona el pronóstico y el tratamiento. Contamos con varias modalidades en cuanto a la paliación de esta complicación. Destacamos el tratamiento quirúrgico mediante derivación digestiva (gastroenteroanastomosis), y el tratamiento endoscópico, mediante colocación de un stent o prótesis metalica autoexpandible (PMA). El objetivo es exponer el caso clínico de una paciente portadora de un cáncer gástrico avanzado complicado con estenosis gastroduodenal en la cual se optó por la colocación de una PMA. La bibliografía comparativa entre ambas técnicas es controvertida. Existen estudios importantes que recomiendan la técnica quirúrgica frente a la endoscópica, y viceversa. Con este fin se han realizado múltiples trabajos. Los posibles beneficios de la paliación endoscópica son: menor estadía hospitalaria, rápido reintegro a la vía oral. El caso clínico expuesto por el contrario no se benefició de la menor estadía hospitalaria, en parte, por ser necesaria su internación por comorbilidades médicas. No presentó complicaciones posteriores relacionadas al procedimiento. Conclusiones: la elección de la técnica a utilizar deberá ser individualizada, teniendo en cuenta el paciente, sus comorbilidades, recursos técnicos, experiencia del personal, y recursos económicos. Se necesitan más estudios para demostrar beneficio de la técnica paliativa más adecuada.

Abstract: Introduction: gastric cancer is the fifth neoplasm in terms of global incidence and its diagnosis often comes late. Gastric outlet obstruction is a frequent complication that influences prognosis and treatment. Among the various modalities available for palliation of this complication, we stand out two: surgical treatment by means of a digestive derivation: gastrojejunostomy and endoscopic treatment, by placing a stent or a steel mesh self-expanding endoprosthesis (EMP). The study aims to present the clinical case of a patient carrier of advanced gastric cancer with gastric outlet obstruction, who was treated by placing a self-expandable metallic stent. Comparative bibliography of both techniques is controversial. A number of important studies recomend the surgical technique instead of endoscopic treatment, and viceversa. For this reason, several studies have been conducted. The potential benefits of endoscopic palliation are the following: shorter hospital stay, fast return to oral intake. However the clinical case presented did not benefit from a shorter hospital stay, since it required longer hospitalization, partly due to medical comorbilities. There were no complications after the procedure. Conclusions: the specific technique to treat the condition needs to be chosen for each individual case, considering the particular patient and his or her comorbilities, technical resources, the experience of the medical staff and economic resources. More studies are necessary to prove the benefits of the most appropriate palliative technique.

Resumo: Introdução: o câncer gástrico é a quinta neoplasia em frequência no mundo. Seu diagnóstico costuma ser tardio. A estenose gastroduodenal é uma complicação frequente, que determina o prognóstico e o tratamento. Existem várias modalidades quanto à paliação desta complicação entre os quais destacamos o tratamento cirúrgico por derivação digestiva: gastro enteroanastomose e o tratamento endoscópico, com colocação de Stent ou Prótese Metálica Autoexpansível (PMA). O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso clínico de um paciente com câncer gástrico avançado complicado por estenose gastroduodenal em que se optou pela colocação de PMA. A bibliografia comparativa entre as duas técnicas é controversa. Existem estudos importantes que preconizam a técnica cirúrgica em detrimento da endoscópica e vice-versa. Para isso, vários trabalhos foram realizados. Os possíveis benefícios da paliação endoscópica são: menor tempo de internação, rápida reintrodução à via oral. Neste caso o paciente não se beneficiou do menor tempo de internação, em parte, porque a internação foi necessária por comorbidades médicas. Não foram observadas complicações subsequentes relacionadas ao procedimento. Conclusões: a escolha da técnica a ser utilizada deve ser individualizada, levando em consideração o paciente, suas comorbidades, os recursos técnicos, a experiência da equipe e os recursos econômicos. Mais estudos são necessários para demonstrar o benefício da técnica paliativa mais adequada.

Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Self Expandable Metallic Stents
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19519, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383984


Abstract Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are among the most known nanomaterials being used for several purposes, including medical applications. In this study, Calendula officinalis L. flower extract and silver nitrate were used for green synthesis of silver nanoparticles under red, green and blue light-emitting diodes. AgNPs were characterized by Ultraviolet-Visible Spectrophotometry, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy, Dynamic Light Scattering, Electrophoretic Mobility, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction. Isotropic and anisotropic silver nanoparticles were obtained, presenting hydrodinamic diameters ranging 90 - 180 nm, polydispersity (PdI > 0.2) and moderate stability (zeta potential values around - 20 mV)

Silver , Silver Nitrate/agonists , Calendula/adverse effects , Flowers/genetics , Nanoparticles/analysis , Spectrophotometry/methods , X-Ray Diffraction/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Light
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 101-105, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907092


Objective @#To establish a microwave-assisted digestion-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) with an octopole reaction system for simultaneous determination of six heavy metals in peanuts, including Cr, Ni, As, Cd, Pb, Hg. @*Methods @#Peanut samples were shelled and crushed evenly, and 0.350 0 g was accurately weighed and digested with 5 mL nitric acid and 1 mL hydrogen peroxide in a digestion tank. Following microwave-assisted digestion, pure water was used to quantify the samples, and internal standards and an octopole reaction system were used to remove the interference. Then, the contents of six heavy metals were determined in peanuts by ICP-MS. The accuracy and precision of ICP-MS were evaluated using national criteria ( GBW 10013 and GBW 10044 ) and spike-and-recovery testing. @*Results @#The six heavy metals showed good linearity at the selected linear range ( r≥0.999 8 ). The detection limits of ICP-MS ranged from 0.001 4 to 0.023 8 ng/mL, and the spike-and-recovery rates ranged from 94.7% to 98.8%, with the relative standard deviations ranging from 0.7% to 3.6%. In addition, the determination results of the standard reference materials were all within the normal reference range. The detection of six heavy metals was 100.0% in 60 peanut samples, and the contents of six heavy metals were all low.@*Conclusion @#The established ICP-MS assay is feasible for simultaneous determination of multiple heavy metals in peanuts.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920595


@#Plaque pH detection technology can detect the risk of caries and assist in the prevention of caries, with a mature theory and a relatively simple operation. With the increasing demand for clinical caries risk detection technology and the rapid development of microelectrode techniques, there is an increasing variety of types of microelectrodes that can detect the pH of dental plaque, including glass microelectrodes, metal oxide microelectrodes and ion-sensitive field effect transistors. The glass microelectrode was the first microelectrode to be applied in this field, but its structure is weak. Among the various options, the iridium oxide microelectrode has become the most promising caries risk detection electrode in recent years because of its high strength and excellent response. Metal oxide microelectrodes can also effectively compensate for the insufficient strength of glass microelectrodes. With advances in electrode technology, miniaturized, sensitive ion-sensitive field effect transistors have attracted the attention of researchers. Scientists have also recently developed a way to detect the pH of dental plaque with an optical no-contact technique. Optical contactless detection technology will not damage the dental plaque structure, so it has great research and clinical prospects. Future research will further improve the strength and performance of these electrodes on the premise of ensuring miniaturization and achieving noncontact detection.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942640


Objective@# To investigate the effect of a metal occlusal surface and stress interruption design on minimally invasive prosthodontics for patients with distal extension absence and insufficient occlusal gingival distance.@*Methods @# We retrospectively studied the case of minimally invasive prosthodontic (Vitallium 2000) combined with a metal occlusal surface for distal extension absence in a patient with insufficient occlusal gingival distance; the stress breaking design and pressure impression technology are examined, and relevant articles are reviewd. @*Results@#The design effectively solves the problems of insufficient occlusal gingival distance, large occlusal force and easy denture fracture. Reviewing the relevant literature, stress interruption design can effectively protect abutment teeth, but the behavior of stress interruption design and stress conduction phenomena in the mouths of patients has not been reported. The T-scan test results of this study showed that before and after wearing the denture, the occlusal force distribution ratio of the patient changed from 77.5% on the left and 22.5% on the right to 61.3% on the left and 38.7% on the right. The occlusal force distribution ratio of the right dentition to the total occlusal force increased by 16.2%, and the occlusal force became better distributed. Further analysis showed that the occlusal forces on the left and right sides were nearly the same in the initial occlusion stage. As the occlusal force was further increased, the proportion of the occlusal force on the right side decreased in the middle of the occlusion stage and further decreased in the final occlusion stage until it reached a dynamic balance. The above T-scan test and literature review results suggest that this dynamic balance phenomenon of bite force is related to the stress interruption design and the stress conduction effect of the split framework.@* Conclusion @#The composite of stress interruption design and metal occlusal surface allows for minimally invasive prosthodontics for the treatment of distal extension absence in patients with insufficient occlusal gingival distance.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 569-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941476


Liver transplantation has become an effective treatment for end-stage liver diseases. With rapid development of surgical techniques, donor selection, organ preservation and transportation, immunosuppressants and perioperative management, the overall incidence of complications after liver transplantation has been significantly decreased, whereas the incidence of biliary complications remains relatively high. At present, biliary complications after liver transplantation are still an important cause of graft failure. Nevertheless, the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of biliary complications remain controversial, which are also research hotspots in the field of organ transplantation in recent years. In this article, new breakthrough and research progress upon biliary complications after orthotopic liver transplantation in adults were reviewed, aiming to provide theoretical basis for resolving biliary complications-related clinical issues.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941011


OBJECTIVE@#To propose an adaptive weighted CT metal artifact reduce algorithm that combines projection interpolation and physical correction.@*METHODS@#A normalized metal projection interpolation algorithm was used to obtain the initial corrected projection data. A metal physical correction model was then introduced to obtain the physically corrected projection data. To verify the effectiveness of the method, we conducted experiments using simulation data and clinical data. For the simulation data, the quantitative indicators PSNR and SSIM were used for evaluation, while for the clinical data, the resultant images were evaluated by imaging experts to compare the artifact-reducing performance of different methods.@*RESULTS@#For the simulation data, the proposed method improved the PSNR value by at least 0.2 dB and resulted in the highest SSIM value among the methods for comparison. The experiment with the clinical data showed that the imaging experts gave the highest scores of 3.616±0.338 (in a 5-point scale) to the images processed using the proposed method, which had significant better artifact-reducing performance than the other methods (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The metal artifact reduction algorithm proposed herein can effectively reduce metal artifacts while preserving the tissue structure information and reducing the generation of new artifacts.

Algorithms , Artifacts , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Metals , Phantoms, Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940846


The most common manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and the global incidence of IBD is on the rise. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is advantageous in the treatment of IBD. IBD, with TCM names based on clinical symptoms, mostly belongs to recurrent dysentery, long dysentery, diarrhea, dysentery, bowel, and other categories. In TCM pathogenesis of IBD, spleen deficiency and exuberant dampness predominate in the whole course of the disease. Since the lung is associated with the large intestine and the lung Qi and spleen Qi are interconnected, the lung Qi and spleen Qi are deficient and the dampness and heat accumulate internally, which caused collateral obstruction by stagnant blood and the development of IBD. From the perspective of "associating lung with large intestine",it is believed that the main mechanism of IBD is the Qi imbalance and abnormal metabolism of fluids in the lung and the intestine,and the nutrient-Yin injury of the lung and the intestine. According to the chronic, recurrent, and diffuse pathogenesis characteristics and main clinical manifestations of IBD, IBD is closely related to the lung and the intestine. In terms of therapeutic principles, IBD can be treated by tonifying the spleen and replenishing the lung, which highlights the treatment of the intestine from the lung. To be specific, in time of tonifying the spleen and removing dampness, the intestine is regulated by tonifying the spleen and replenishing the lung. Shenling Baizhusan, a commonly used classical prescription for IBD, is mainly potent in replenishing Qi, invigorating the spleen, draining dampness, checking diarrhea, and especially "reinforcing earth to generate metal". It can enhance the function of the lung through "reinforcing earth to generate metal", which in turn regulates the intestine and promote the improvement of IBD. The present study clarified the mechanism of Shenling Baizhusan in regulating the intestine by tonifying the spleen and replenishing the lung. On the basis of modern research, its therapeutic effect on IBD was achieved through multiple links, such as regulation of the level of inflammatory factors, immunoregulation, barrier function improvement via mucosal repair, and intestinal flora. The findings of this study are expected to provide new ideas for the regulation of the lung-spleen-large intestine axis in the syndrome differentiation and treatment of IBD and subsequent experimental research.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940600


ObjectiveTo study the effects of different plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on the growth of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis seedlings and the quality of its medicinal parts, in order to provide reference for the cultivation of high-quality P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. MethodThe pot culture experiment at room temperature and the single-factor completely random design were employed for exploring the effects of five PGPR on physiological characteristics and inorganic elements of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. ResultThe results showed that the exogenous inoculation of different PGPR promoted the growth and development of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis to varying degrees, delayed the senescence of leaves, and improved the medicinal value of new and old rhizomes. Compared with the non-inoculated control, the exogenous inoculation of compound microbial fertilizer (FH) and microbial agent Sanju Guanjin liquid (SJ) enhanced the root vigor, increased the content of photosynthetic pigments and the activities of anti-oxidant enzymes [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD)], and reduced the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in leaves. Their inhibition rates against MDA were 10.46%-39.62% and 20.99%-53.12%, respectively. With the growth of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis, the inhibition rate against MDA gradually increased, which effectively delayed the senescence of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis leaves. In addition, the exogenous inoculation of different PGPR promoted the accumulation of nutrient elements in new and old rhizomes, lowered the heavy metal content to varying degrees, and improved the medicinal value of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizomes. ConclusionFH and SJ have exhibited the best promoting effect on the growth of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis seedlings and also the best regulatory effect on the medicinal value of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizomes, which has provided reference for the application and promotion of PGPR in the growth of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934092


Objective:To compare the fully covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMS) and multiple plastic stents (MPS) in the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness for benign bile duct strictures.Methods:A single-center retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 107 patients with benign biliary strictures who underwent FCSEMS or MPS implantation through endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in Hangzhou First People's Hospital from January 2013 to June 2019.There were 54 cases in group FCSEMS and 53 cases in group MPS. Benign biliary stricture was confirmed by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic ultrasonography. The primary index was the rate of stricture remission, and the secondary indices were the incidence of stricture recurrence, ERCP-related complications, the rate of stent migration, hospital stay and charges.Results:The median follow-up times were 10.0 (6.5, 18.0) months and 12.0 (9.0, 20.0) months in group FCSEMS and in group MPS respectively ( P>0.05). The rates of stricture remission in the two groups were 87.0% (47/54) and 83.0% (44/53), the incidences of stricture recurrence were 14.6% (6/41) and 23.5% (8/34), and the incidences of ERCP-related complications were 14.8% (8/54) and 11.9% (13/109), respectively. And the differences were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). But the stent migration rates of the two groups were 22.9% (11/54) and 2.8% (3/109) with significant difference ( P<0.001). Cost-effectiveness analysis showed that the median numbers of ERCP intervention in the two groups were 2 (2,2) times and 3 (2,4) times ( P<0.001), and the median hospital stays were 6.0 (4.0,11.0) days and 9.0 (6.5,16.0) days respectively ( P=0.009). The median hospitalization expenses of the two groups were 44 646 yuan and 51 355 yuan without significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The effectiveness, safety and cost of FCSEMS for benign bile duct stenosis are similar to those of MPS, but it reduces ERCP intervention and treatment cycles. Even with a certain migration rate, it can still be a first-line treatment approach.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1390-1405, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929372


Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) activity is correlated with worse outcomes of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients. The heterodimer between CDK9 with cyclin T1 is essential for maintaining the active state of the kinase and targeting this protein-protein interaction (PPI) may offer promising avenues for selective CDK9 inhibition. Herein, we designed and generated a library of metal complexes bearing the 7-chloro-2-phenylquinoline CˆN ligand and tested their activity against the CDK9-cyclin T1 PPI. Complex 1 bound to CDK9 via an enthalpically-driven binding mode, leading to disruption of the CDK9-cyclin T1 interaction in vitro and in cellulo. Importantly, complex 1 showed promising anti-metastatic activity against TNBC allografts in mice and was comparably active compared to cisplatin. To our knowledge, 1 is the first CDK9-cyclin T1 PPI inhibitor with anti-metastatic activity against TNBC. Complex 1 could serve as a new platform for the future design of more efficacious kinase inhibitors against cancer, including TNBC.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928580


OBJECTIVES@#To study the association of the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy with congenital heart defects (CHD) in offspring, and to establish a model for predicting the probability of CHD based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy.@*METHODS@#Based on the prospective birth cohort study in Gansu Provincial Maternal and Child Health Hospital in 2010-2012, a nested case-control study was conducted for the follow-up observation of 14 359 pregnant women. Among the pregnant women, 97 pregnant women whose offspring were diagnosed with CHD during follow-up were enrolled as the CHD group, and 194 pregnant women whose offspring had no CHD were selected as the control group. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure the levels of heavy metals and trace elements in maternal blood samples and fetal umbilical cord blood samples. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between heavy metal and trace elements and CHD in offspring. A nomogram model for predicting the probability of CHD in offspring was established based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the CHD group had significantly higher levels of aluminum (Al), natrium (Na), calcium (Ca), titanium (Ti), selenium (Se), strontium (Sr), stannum (Sn), stibium (Sb), barium (Ba), and thorium (Th) in maternal blood samples (P<0.05), as well as significantly higher levels of Al, zinc (Zn), magnesium (Mg), kalium (K), Ca, Ti, chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), arsenic (As), Se, Sr, argentum (Ag), cadmium (Cd), Sn, and plumbum (Pb) in umbilical cord blood (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the increase in the Sb level in maternal blood was associated with the increase in the risk of CHD in offspring [adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=4.81, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.65-14.07, P=0.004], while in umbilical cord blood, the high levels of Al (aOR=4.22, 95%CI: 1.35-13.16, P=0.013), Mg (aOR=8.00, 95%CI: 1.52-42.08, P=0.014), and Pb (aOR=3.82, 95%CI: 0.96-15.23, P=0.049) were significantly associated with the risk of CHD in offspring. The levels of Al, Th, and Sb in maternal blood and levels of Al, Mg, and Pb in umbilical cord blood were included in the predictive model for CHD in offspring based on the levels of heavy metals and trace elements during pregnancy, and the calibration curve of the nomogram predictive model was close to the ideal curve.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increases in the levels of Al, Th, Sb, Mg, and Pb during pregnancy may indicate the increase in the risk of CHD in offspring, and the nomogram predictive model based on these indices can be used to predict the probability of CHD in offspring.

Case-Control Studies , Child , Cohort Studies , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/etiology , Humans , Metals, Heavy , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies , Trace Elements/analysis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927946


In this study, the content of five heavy metals(Pb, Cd, As, Hg, and Cu) in 59 batches of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos(LJF) medicinal materials and pieces were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS). The health risk assessment was processed using the maximum estimated daily intake(EDI), target hazard quotients(THQ), and carcinogenic risks(CR) assessment models. With reference to the limit standard for heavy metal content in LJF specified in 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, five batches produced in Hebei were found to contain excessive Pb, and the remaining 54 batches met the specifications, with the unqualified rate of 8.47%. Comparative analysis of heavy metal content in LJF samples from three different producing areas, namely Shandong, Henan, and Hebei showed that the levels of Pb, As, and Hg in LJF from Hebei were significantly higher than those from Henan and Shandong. The samples produced in Shandong contained the highest content of Cd. The samples from Hebei contained the highest content of Cu while those from Shandong had the lowest content of Cu. As demonstrated by health risk assessment based on the EDI, THQ and CR models, these 59 batches of LJF samples did not cause significant health hazards for the exposed population, and there was no potential non-carcinogenic or carcinogenic risk. In conclusion, a few of LJF samples contained excessive heavy metals, so some measures, including controlling production environment, cultivating management mode, and optimizing processing methods, should be taken for ensuring the medication safety of LJF.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Environmental Pollution/analysis , Mercury/toxicity , Metals, Heavy/toxicity , Risk Assessment
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1518-1526, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927797


Covalently anchoring of a ligand/metal via polar amino acid side chain(s) is often observed in metalloenzyme, while the substitutability of metal-binding sites remains elusive. In this study, we utilized a zinc-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase from Thermoanaerobacter brockii (TbSADH) as a model enzyme, analyzed the sequence conservation of the three residues Cys37, His59, and Asp150 that bind the zinc ion, and constructed the mutant library. After experimental validation, three out of 224 clones, which showed comparative conversion and ee values as the wild-type enzyme in the asymmetric reduction of the model substrate tetrahydrofuran-3-one, were screened out. The results reveal that the metal-binding sites in TbSADH are substitutable without tradeoff in activity and stereoselectivity, which lay a foundation for designing ADH-catalyzed new reactions via metal ion replacement.

Alcohol Dehydrogenase/metabolism , Catalytic Domain , Ligands , Protein Domains , Zinc/metabolism
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1252-1262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924737


Fe-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of polymer crystals formed by the combination of Fe ions or Fe clusters with organic ligands through coordination bonds. At present, Fe-based MOFs can be mainly prepared by solvothermal synthesis, ultrasonic synthesis, microwave synthesis, and dry-gel conversion, etc. Fe-based MOFs have the characteristics of strong drug loading capacity of inorganic nano-carrier and high safety of organic nano-carrier, and have good tumor targeting and the capacity of inducting tumor's ferroptosis, which have high potential in the delivery of antitumor drugs. Recently, Fe-based MOFs have also been developed with various functions such as imaging, magnetic hyperthermia, photothermal therapy, photodynamic therapy, and intelligent response, which can facilitate diagnosis and monitor drug distribution while delivering antitumor drugs, and can produce synergistic antitumor effects combined with thermotherapy and phototherapy, and can also control the precise release of drugs. Reviewing the advances in the synthesis methods, characteristics as well as functions and types of Fe-based MOFs can provide a basis for the further applications of Fe-based MOFs in antitumor drug delivery.