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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(4): 467-470, July-Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383620

ABSTRACT

Abstract Wolf's isotopic phenomenon occurs when a new dermatosis appears on a site that has already healed from a previous dermatological disease of another etiology. This report describes the case of a 44-year-old female patient undergoing treatment for breast carcinoma who recently had brownish erythematous lesions appearing on the scar region of previous herpes zoster on the right hemithorax. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry examination confirmed skin metastasis of breast cancer. Herpes zoster scars require attention due to the possibility of an isotopic response as a facilitating factor in some dermatoses, sometimes severe ones, such as neoplasms.

2.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(2): 131-139, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394418

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background The relative rarity of synchronous para-aortic lymph node (PALN) metastasis (SPM) and metachronous PALN recurrence (MPR) in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients leads to a limited number of studies on patient management, and no treatment guidelines have been established to date. Objective To assess the prognostic, predictive roles, and long-term outcomes of different management strategies for isolated MPR and SPM in CRC patients to establish the best one. Materials and Methods We included 35 CRC patients with isolated MPR and 25 patients with isolated SPM who underwent curative R0 resection. We performed PALN dissection (PALND) in 15 cases in MPR group and in 10 cases in the SPM group; all remaining patients in both groups underwent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) without further surgical intervention. During the study period of about 5 years, we compared the patients who underwent PALND and those who underwent CRT. Results The overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates were significantly longer in patients who underwent PALND (p = 0.049 and 0.036 respectively).

4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 212-219, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374718

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma has the highest metastatic potential of all head and neck cancers. The survival time of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma has improved significantly in the last decades due to the use of combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, as well as advances in radiotherapy techniques. However, appropriately 30% of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma suffer a poor prognosis, mainly due to distant metastasis. Objective: The study aimed to identify the survival and prognostic factors in metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted in patients treated for synchronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma or metachronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma for 14years (2003-2016). Overall survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test for the whole population and both groups of patients. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox model; p-values < 0.05 were considered to indicate statistical significance. Results: One hundred and twelve patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma were included (51 patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and 61 patients with metachronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma). In the whole population, the median overall survival was 10 months (1-156 months). In the multivariate analysis, female gender, poor performance status (WHO > 1) and metachronous metastasis were independent prognostic factors. In the metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients, the median overall survival was 13 months (1-156 months). In multivariate analysis, independent prognostic factors were non-oligometastatic disease, severe (G3-G4) chemotherapy toxicity and the lack of nasopharyngeal and metastatic site irradiation. In the metachronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients, the median overall survival was 7 months (1-41 months). In multivariate analysis, the poor performance status (WHO > 1) was an independent metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma prognostic factor. Conclusion: Oligometastatic patients with synchronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma had better survival. The locoregional treatment of primitive nasopharyngeal carcinoma improved survival in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma who responded to induction chemotherapy. Local irradiation of metastatic sites improved survival of metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients. Grade 3 or 4 chemotherapy toxicity altered survival among patients with synchronous metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Resumo Introdução: O carcinoma nasofaríngeo tem o maior potencial metastático de todos os tipos de câncer de cabeça e pescoço. O tempo de sobrevida dos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo melhorou significativamente nas últimas décadas devido ao uso combinado de quimioterapia e radioterapia e os avanços nas técnicas de radioterapia. No entanto, aproximadamente 30% dos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo têm um prognóstico ruim, principalmente devido a metástases a distância. Objetivo: Identificar a sobrevida e os fatores prognósticos no carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático. Método: Foi feita uma análise retrospectiva de pacientes tratados por carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico ou carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático metacrônico por 14 anos (2003-2016). A sobrevida global foi analisada pelo método de Kaplan-Meier e comparada pelo teste de log-rank para toda a população e ambos os grupos de pacientes. A análise multivariada foi feita com o modelo de Cox; valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados como significância estatística. Resultados: Foram incluídos 112 pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático (51 com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico e 61 com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático metacrônico). Em toda a população, a mediana da sobrevida global foi de 10 meses (1-156 meses). Na análise multivariada, sexo feminino, baixo status de desempenho (OMS > 1) e metástase metacrônica foram fatores prognósticos independentes. Nos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico, a mediana da sobrevida global foi de 13 meses (1-156 meses). Na análise multivariada, os fatores prognósticos independentes foram doença não oli-gometastática, toxicidade grave à quimioterapia (G3 - G4) e falta de irradiação nasofaríngea e do sítio metastático. Nos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático metacrônico, a mediana da sobrevida global foi de 7 meses (1-41 meses). Na análise multivariada, o baixo status de desempenho (OMS > 1) foi um fator prognóstico independente. Conclusão: Pacientes oligometastáticos com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico tiveram melhor sobrevida. O tratamento locorregional do carcinoma nasofaríngeo primário melhorou a sobrevida em pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico que responderam à quimioterapia de indução. A irradiação local dos locais metastáticos melhorou a sobrevida dos pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático. A toxicidade de quimioterapia de grau 3 ou 4 alterou a sobrevida entre pacientes com carcinoma nasofaríngeo metastático sincrônico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
5.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 48(2): 303-313, March-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364958

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine independent predictors of inguinal lymph node (ILN) metastasis in patients with penile cancer. Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed all patients with penile cancer who underwent surgery at our medical center in the last ten years (n=157). Using univariate and multivariate logistic-regression models, we assessed associations with age, medical-history, phimosis, onset-time, number and maximum diameter of involved ILNs measured by imaging, pathological T stage, degree of tumor differentiation and/or cornification, lymphatic vascular infiltration (LVI), nerve infiltration, and ILN metastases. Interaction and stratified analyses were used to assess age, phimosis, onset time, number of ILNs, cornification, and nerve infiltration. Results: A total of 110 patients were included in the study. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the following factors were significantly correlated with ILN metastasis: maximum diameter of enlarged ILNs, T stage, pathological differentiation, and LVI. Among patients with a maximum ILN diameter ≥1.5cm, 50% had lymph node metastasis whereas 30.6% patients with a maximum ILN diameter <1.5cm showed LNM. Among 44 patients with stage Ta/T1, 10 showed ILN metastases, while 47.0% patients with stage T2 showed ILN metastases. Among 40 patients with highly differentiated penile-cancer, eight showed ILN metastasis, while 47.1% patients with low-to-middle differentiation showed ILN metastases. The rate of LNM was 33.3% in the LVI-free group and 64.3% in the LVI group. Conclusion: Our single-center results suggested that maximum ILN diameter, pathological T stage, pathological differentiation, and LVI were independent risk factors for ILN metastases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Penile Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(1): 99-102, Jan.-Mar. 2022. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376912

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: We describe the case of a patient with appendiceal metastasis as the first manifestation of a cholangiocarcinoma. Main symptoms: Abdominal pain, jaundice, hyporexia, and choluria. Methods and results: We documented an appendiceal plastron histologically compatible with metastatic appendiceal adenocarcinoma, common hepatic duct stricture, and a suspected cholangiocarcinoma, later corroborated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Conclusions: Metastatic appendiceal tumors are an infrequent and poorly studied manifestation, whereas those secondary to bile duct neoplasia have rarely been reported in the literature.


Resumen Introducción: se describe el caso de una paciente con una metástasis apendicular como primera manifestación encontrada de un colangiocarcinoma. Síntomas principales: expresado con dolor abdominal, ictericia, hiporexia y coluria. Métodos y resultados: se documentó un plastrón apendicular histológicamente compatible con adenocarcinoma apendicular metastásico, estrechez del conducto hepático común, con alta sospecha de colangiocarcinoma, corroborado luego con la realización de una colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica. Conclusiones: los tumores apendiculares metastásicos son una presentación infrecuente y poco estudiada, donde los secundarios a neoplasia de vía biliar se han reportados de forma muy escasa en la literatura.


Subject(s)
Appendicitis , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiocarcinoma , Signs and Symptoms , Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Abdominal Pain , Jaundice , Neoplasm Metastasis
7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(2): 153-160, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364374

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Melanocytic lesions of the central nervous system (CNS) are an infrequent, broad and diverse group of entities, both benign and malignant, found in all age groups, with imaging findings ranging from well-circumscribed focal lesions to diffuse leptomeningeal involvement. On MRI, they are usually distinguished by a high signal on T1WI sequences, given the paramagnetic effect of melanin, thus making it difficult to differentiate among them. Objective: To describe the imaging and epidemiological characteristics of a retrospective series of CNS melanocytic lesions. Methods: MR images of 23 patients with CNS melanocytic lesions diagnosed between January 2012 and June 2018 were analyzed. Results: Most patients were female (14/23; 61%), with a median age of 47 years (range: 3 weeks to 72 years). The primary melanocytic lesions accounted for 8/19 cases (42.1%), which included neurocutaneous melanosis, meningeal melanocytomas and primary malignant melanomas. Secondary melanocytic lesions (metastatic) accounted for 10/19 cases (52.6%). There was one case of a tumor with secondary melanization, from a melanocytic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy. There were also four cases of primary ocular melanomas. The most frequent findings were the cerebral location, high T1WI signal and marked contrast-enhancement. Conclusions: The present review describes the wide variety of melanocytic lesions that could affect the CNS, emphasizing the MRI characteristics. Knowledge of the imaging, clinical and epidemiological characteristics of CNS melanocytic lesions is essential for their correct interpretation, given the significant overlap between lesion features and the variable prognosis.


RESUMEN Antecedentes: Las lesiones melanocíticas del sistema nervioso central (SNC) corresponden a un grupo infrecuente, amplio y diverso de entidades, tanto benignas como malignas, encontradas en todos los grupos etarios, con hallazgos imagenológicos que van desde lesiones focales bien circunscritas hasta un compromiso leptomeníngeo difuso. A la RM se distinguen por la alta señal en la secuencia T1WI, dado el efecto paramagnético de la melanina, haciendo difícil la diferenciación entre ellas. Objetivo: Describir las características epidemiológicas y de de una serie retrospectiva de lesiones melanocíticas del SNC. Métodos: Revisión de imágenes de RM de 23 pacientes con lesiones melanocíticas del SNC diagnosticadas entre enero de 2012 y junio de 2018. Resultados: La mayoría de los pacientes fueron mujeres (14/23; 61%), con edades comprendidas entre las 3 semanas de vida hasta los 72 años. Las lesiones melanocíticas primarias representaron 8/19 (42,1%), incluyendo: melanosis neurocutáneas, melanocitomas meníngeos y melanomas malignos primarios. Las lesiones melanocíticas secundarias (metastásicas) representaron 10/19 casos (52,6%). Hubo un caso de tumor con melanización secundaria (tumor neuroectodermico melanocítico de la infancia). Se incluyeron cuatro casos de melanomas oculares primarios. Los hallazgos más frecuentes fueron la localización cerebral, el aumento de señal T1 y el acentuado realce con el gadolinio. Conclusiones: Se describe la amplia variedad de lesiones melanocíticas encontradas en el SNC, enfatizando sus características a la RM. El conocimiento de sus características imagenológicas, clínicas y epidemiológicas es fundamental para su correcta interpretación, dado la notable superposición entre las presentaciones de las lesiones y lo variable de sus pronósticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Melanosis/complications , Melanosis/pathology , Nevus, Pigmented/complications , Nevus, Pigmented/pathology , Skin Neoplasms , Central Nervous System/pathology , Retrospective Studies
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(1): 36-45, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364585

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The treatment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma remains controversial. Central lymph node metastasis is common in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma and it is an important consideration in treatment strategy selection. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate clinicopathologic risk factors and thyroid nodule sonographic characteristics for central lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the data of 599 papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients who underwent surgery from 2005 to 2017 at a single institution. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the clinicopathologic factors and preoperative sonographic features of central lymph node metastasis. A receiver-operating characteristic, ROC curve analysis, was performed to identify the efficacy of ultrasonographic features in predicting central lymph node metastasis. A nomogram based on the risk factors was established to predict central lymph node metastasis. Results The incidence of central lymph node metastasis was 22.4%. The univariate and multivariate analyses suggested that gender, age, multifocality, extrathyroidal invasion, and lateral lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors for central lymph node metastasis. The univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that nodular shape, margin, and calcification were independently associated with central lymph node metastasis. The ROC curve analysis revealed that the combination of shape, margin and calcification had excellent accuracy in predicting central lymph node metastasis. The nomogram was developed based on the identified risk factors for predicting central lymph node metastasis, and the calibration plot analysis indicated the good performance and clinical utility of the nomogram. Conclusions Central lymph node metastasis is associated with male gender, younger age (<5 years), extrathyroidal invasion, multifocality and lateral lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma patients. The ultrasongraphic features, such as irregular shape, ill-defined margin and calcification, may improve the efficacy of predicting central lymph node metastasis. Surgeons and radiologists should pay close attention to the patients who have these risk factors. The nomogram may help guide surgical decision making in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma.


Resumo Introdução O tratamento do microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide permanece controverso. A metástase em linfonodos centrais é comum e é uma consideração importante na seleção da estratégia de tratamento. Objetivo Investigar os fatores de risco clínico-patológicos e as características ultrassonográficas de nódulos tireoidianos para metástase em linfonodos centrais em microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide. Método Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados de 599 pacientes com microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide submetidos à cirurgia de 2005 a 2017 em uma única instituição. Análises univariadas e multivariadas foram usadas para identificar os fatores clínico-patológicos e as características ultrassonográficas pré-operatórias das metástases em linfonodos centrais. Uma análise de curva ROC (receiver-operating characteristic) foi feita para identificar a eficácia das características ultrassonográficas na previsão dessas metástases. Um nomograma baseado nos fatores de risco foi estabelecido para prever a metástase em linfonodos centrais. Resultados A incidência de metástase em linfonodos centrais foi de 22,4%. As análises univariadas e multivariadas sugeriram que sexo, idade, multifocalidade, invasão extratireoidiana e metástase em linfonodos laterais eram fatores de risco independentes para a metástase em linfonodos centrais. As análises univariadas e multivariadas revelaram que o formato nodular, a margem e a calcificação estavam independentemente associadas à metástase em linfonodos centrais. A análise da curva ROC mostrou que a combinação do formato, margem e calcificação apresentou excelente precisão na previsão dessas metástases. O nomograma foi desenvolvido com base nos fatores de risco identificados para predizer a metástase em linfonodos centrais e a análise do gráfico de calibração indicou o bom desempenho e a utilidade clínica do nomograma. Conclusões Em pacientes com microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide, metástase em linfonodos centrais está associado ao sexo masculino, menor idade ( < 45 anos), invasão extratireoidiana, multifocalidade e presença de metástase em linfonodos laterais. As características ultrassonográficas, como formato irregular, margem mal definida e calcificação, podem melhorar a eficácia da previsão de metástase em linfonodos centrais. Cirurgiões e radiologistas devem ficar mais atentos aos pacientes que apresentam esses fatores de risco. O nomograma pode ajudar a orientar a tomada de decisão cirúrgica para o microcarcinoma papilífero de tireoide.

9.
Surg. cosmet. dermatol. (Impr.) ; 14: e20220085, jan.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369384

ABSTRACT

O carcinoma adenoide cístico cutâneo primário (CACCP) é um câncer extremamente raro, com uma taxa estimada de ocorrência de 0,23 caso/1.000.000 de pessoas ao ano. Paciente do sexo masculino, 60 anos de idade, apresentou lesão no couro cabeludo em 2017. Inicialmente, não foi possível realizar o diagnóstico histopatológico. Em 2018, biópsia e imuno-histoquímica indicaram tratar-se de CACCP (tratamento realizado com cirurgia e radioterapia). Em 2020, ocorreu nova recidiva local, sendo realizada ressecção cirúrgica. Paciente apresentou recidiva sistêmica (metástases pulmonares). Foi realizado tratamento quimioterápico. Atualmente, as metástases pulmonares estão estáveis e o CACCP progrediu para paquimeninges.


Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinoma (PCACC) is a rare tumor with an estimated incidence rate of 0.23 cases/1,000,000 people per year. A 60-year-old man presented a scalp lesion in 2017. Initially, it was not possible to perform a histopathologic diagnosis. In 2018, surgical biopsy and immunohistochemistry of the local skin recurrence indicated a diagnosis of PCACC (treatment was surgery and radiotherapy). In 2020, a new local tumor recurred and was surgically resected. The patient had systemic metastases (pulmonary metastases) and underwent chemotherapy. Currently, the pulmonary metastases are stable. The PCACC has progressed to pachymeninges

10.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 28: e20210067, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1365078

ABSTRACT

Background: Melittin has shown antiproliferative effects on tumor cells. Therefore, it comprises a valuable compound for studies on cancer treatment. To the best of our knowledge, no studies have reported melittin effects on bone metastasis. Herein, we propose an approach based on intrametastatic melittin injection to treat bone metastases in colorectal cancer. Methods: Following the characterization of melittin and antiproliferative tests in vitro, a single dose was injected through intrametastatic route into the mouse bone metastasis model. Following treatment, metastasis growth was evaluated. Results: A single dose of melittin was able to inhibit metastasis growth. Histological analysis showed necrosis and inflammatory processes in melittin-treated metastasis. Except by mild weight loss, no other systemic effects were observed. Conclusion: Our data suggest that melittin might be a promising agent for the future development of treatment strategies aiming to reduce the bone metastasis skeletal-related impact in colorectal cancer patients with bone metastasis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone and Bones , In Vitro Techniques , Colorectal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904704

ABSTRACT

@#The facial submental artery island flap (FSAIF) is a fasciocutaneous flap supplied by the facial submental artery. It is in close proximity with many oral and maxillofacial regions, and its tex ture and color are similar to those of the head and face. The flap has a constant and sufficient blood supply, and it is easy to prepare and has high survival rates and few complications. According to the tissue carried, FSAIF can be divided into fasciocutaneous flaps, myocutaneous flaps and simple flaps. The flap can also be made into an osteofasciocutaneous (myocutaneous) flap with a mandible to repair maxillary defects. Because this flap is a pedicled flap, it can greatly shorten the operation time, bed rest time and hospitalization time and has been widely used in repairing medium-sized defects of the oral and maxillofacial region. The indications for FSAIF in repairing maxillofacial defects should be strictly controlled. It can be safely used for benign or malignant tumors without cervical lymph node metastasis. For malignant tumors with cervical lymph node metastasis but without extranodal extension, the flap can be used on the premise of thorough neck dissection. The contraindication is cervical lymph node metastasis and extranodal extension of malignant tumors; therefore, other flaps should be selected for repair.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 271-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920860

ABSTRACT

With the development and maturity of liver transplant techniques, liver transplantation has become one of the vital treatment options for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Postoperative recurrence and metastasis of HCC after liver transplantation is one of critical factors that affect the long-term survival of recipients. Exploring the prevention and therapeutic strategies for HCC recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation plays a pivotal role in improving the clinical efficacy of liver transplantation for HCC recipients. Intimate monitoring, active prevention, early diagnosis, comprehensive surgical treatment and local treatment, especially targeted immunotherapy, and individualized prevention and therapeutic strategies are of significance for the prevention and treatment of HCC recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation. In this article, the monitoring, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of tumor recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation for HCC were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of tumor recurrence and metastasis after liver transplantation, enhancing clinical efficacy of liver transplantation and prolonging the survival of recipients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920550

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of elective neck dissection on the 5-year survival rate of patients with early oral squamous cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#The data of 100 patients with early oral squamous cell carcinoma (cT1-2N0M0) were retrospectively analyzed. In 61 cases, the primary tumor was subjected to elective neck dissection (END). Neck observation and follow-up (NOF) were performed in 39 cases with enlarged resection of primary lesions. Clinicopathological data such as pT staging, pathology classification,the rate of cervical lymph node metastasis and the 5-year survival rate of the patients were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#The 5-year survival rates of the END and NOF groups were 86.9% and 69.2%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.028). END treatment was significantly better than NOF in controlling cervical lymph node metastasis in early oral squamous cell carcinoma (P=0.009). After stratified analysis of histopathological features, the 5-year survival rate of patients with pathological T2 (pT2) stage OSCC in the END group was significantly higher than that in the NOF group (P=0.020). The 5-year survival rate of patients with moderate and poorly differentiated pathological grade OSCC in the END group was significantly higher than that in the NOF group (P=0.013). @*Conclusion @# END is effective for the management of the cervical lymph node metastasis rate in early OSCC patients. For patients with pT2 stage or low differentiation pathological grade, active END can significantly improve the 5-year survival rate.

14.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 236-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913151

ABSTRACT

As a highly malignant gastrointestinal tumor, pancreatic cancer is highly invasive and metastatic, which leads to the low overall survival rate of patients with pancreatic cancer. Studies have shown that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is involved in the development, progression, invasion, and metastasis of pancreatic cancer through epigenetic, transcriptional or post-transcriptional regulation. Dysregulated expression of lncRNA is observed in pancreatic cancer and induces epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) through specific regulatory mechanisms, thereby causing the changes in the biological behavior of tumor cells. This article reviews the mechanisms of lncRNA in promoting EMT, regulating tumor biological function as competing endogenous RNA, and affecting the development, invasion, and metastasis of pancreatic cancer via multiple pathways by regulating the ferroptosis, autophagy, and exosome of tumor cells, in order to provide a theoretical basis and new targets for the early diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 220-224, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913026

ABSTRACT

@#Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1(MALAT1)is one of the first identified LncRNA associated with human diseases. Unlike most members of the LncRNA family, MALAT1 is found in almost all human tissues and expressed at a relatively high level. At present, MALAT1 is known to play a vital role in the pathophysiological process of many diseases such as tumors, cardiovascular diseases, and nervous system diseases. In recent years, studies have found that MALAT1 may be involved in many ocular diseases(such as diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma, retinoblastoma, neonatal retinopathy, <i>etc</i>.)play an important role in the pathological development process, and it is expected to become an effective target for the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases. This article summarizes the research progress of eye diseases in which MALAT1 has participated in recent years.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1390-1405, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929372

ABSTRACT

Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) activity is correlated with worse outcomes of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients. The heterodimer between CDK9 with cyclin T1 is essential for maintaining the active state of the kinase and targeting this protein-protein interaction (PPI) may offer promising avenues for selective CDK9 inhibition. Herein, we designed and generated a library of metal complexes bearing the 7-chloro-2-phenylquinoline CˆN ligand and tested their activity against the CDK9-cyclin T1 PPI. Complex 1 bound to CDK9 via an enthalpically-driven binding mode, leading to disruption of the CDK9-cyclin T1 interaction in vitro and in cellulo. Importantly, complex 1 showed promising anti-metastatic activity against TNBC allografts in mice and was comparably active compared to cisplatin. To our knowledge, 1 is the first CDK9-cyclin T1 PPI inhibitor with anti-metastatic activity against TNBC. Complex 1 could serve as a new platform for the future design of more efficacious kinase inhibitors against cancer, including TNBC.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1447-1459, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929362

ABSTRACT

Cancer remains one of the leading causes of death globally and metastasis always leads to treatment failure. Here, we develop a versatile hydrogel loading photothermal agents, chemotherapeutics, and immune-adjuvants to eradicate orthotopic tumors and inhibit metastasis by combinational therapy. Hydrogel networks were synthesized via the thiol-Michael addition of polydopamine (PDA) with thiolated hyaluronic acid. PDA acted as a cross-linking agent and endowed the hydrogel with excellent photothermal property. Meanwhile, a chemotherapeutic agent, doxorubicin (DOX), was loaded in the hydrogel via π‒π stacking with PDA and an immune-adjuvant, CpG-ODN, was loaded via electrostatic interaction. The release of DOX from the hydrogel was initially slow but accelerated due to near infrared light irradiation. The hydrogels showed remarkably synergistic effect against 4T1 cancer cells and stimulated plenty of cytokines secreting from RAW264.7 cells. Moreover, the hydrogels eradicated orthotopic murine breast cancer xenografts and strongly inhibited metastasis after intratumoral injection and light irradiation. The high anticancer efficiency of this chemo-photothermal immunotherapy resulted from the strong synergistic effect of the versatile hydrogels, including the evoked host immune response. The combinational strategy of chemo-photothermal immunotherapy is promising for highly effective treatment of breast cancer.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1288-1304, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929353

ABSTRACT

Osteosarcoma is a kind of bone tumor with highly proliferative and invasive properties, a high incidence of pulmonary metastasis and a poor prognosis. Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for osteosarcoma. Currently, there are no molecular targeted drugs approved for osteosarcoma treatment, particularly effective drugs for osteosarcoma with pulmonary metastases. It has been reported that fibroblast activation protein alpha (FAPα) is upregulated in osteosarcoma and critically associated with osteosarcoma progression and metastasis, demonstrating that FAPα-targeted agents might be a promising therapeutic strategy for osteosarcoma. In the present study, we reported that the FAPα-activated vinblastine prodrug Z-GP-DAVLBH exhibited potent antitumor activities against FAPα-positive osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Z-GP-DAVLBH inhibited the growth and induced the apoptosis of osteosarcoma cells. Importantly, it also decreased the migration and invasion capacities and reversed epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of osteosarcoma cells in vitro and suppressed pulmonary metastasis of osteosarcoma xenografts in vivo. Mechanistically, Z-GP-DAVLBH suppressed the AXL/AKT/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway, leading to inhibition of the growth and metastatic spread of osteosarcoma cells. These findings demonstrate that Z-GP-DAVLBH is a promising agent for the treatment of FAPα-positive osteosarcoma, particularly osteosarcoma with pulmonary metastases.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 952-966, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929337

ABSTRACT

Substantial progress in the use of chemo-photodynamic nano-drug delivery systems (nano-DDS) for the treatment of the malignant breast cancer has been achieved. The inability to customize precise nanostructures, however, has limited the therapeutic efficacy of the prepared nano-DDS to date. Here, we report a structurally defined tandem-responsive chemo-photosensitive co-nanoassembly to eliminate primary breast tumor and prevent lung metastasis. This both-in-one co-nanoassembly is prepared by assembling a biocompatible photosensitive derivative (pheophorbide-diphenylalanine peptide, PPA-DA) with a hypoxia-activated camptothecin (CPT) prodrug [(4-nitrophenyl) formate camptothecin, N-CPT]. According to computational simulations, the co-assembly nanostructure is not the classical core-shell type, but consists of many small microphase regions. Upon exposure to a 660 nm laser, PPA-DA induce high levels of ROS production to effectively achieve the apoptosis of normoxic cancer cells. Subsequently, the hypoxia-activated N-CPT and CPT spatially penetrate deep into the hypoxic region of the tumor and suppress hypoxia-induced tumor metastasis. Benefiting from the rational design of the chemo-photodynamic both-in-one nano-DDS, these nanomedicines exhibit a promising potential in the inhibition of difficult-to-treat breast tumor metastasis in patients with breast cancer.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 939-951, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929336

ABSTRACT

The lung is one of the most common sites for cancer metastasis. Collagens in the lung provide a permissive microenvironment that supports the colonization and outgrowth of disseminated tumor cells. Therefore, down-regulating the production of collagens may contribute to the inhibition of lung metastasis. It has been suggested that miR-29 exhibits effective anti-fibrotic activity by negatively regulating the expression of collagens. Indeed, our clinical lung tumor data shows that miR-29a-3p expression negatively correlates with collagen I expression in lung tumors and positively correlates with patients' outcomes. However, suitable carriers need to be selected to deliver this therapeutic miRNA to the lungs. In this study, we found that the chemotherapy drug cisplatin facilitated miR-29a-3p accumulation in the exosomes of lung tumor cells, and this type of exosomes exhibited a specific lung-targeting effect and promising collagen down-regulation. To scale up the preparation and simplify the delivery system, we designed a lung-targeting liposomal nanovesicle (by adjusting the molar ratio of DOTAP/cholesterol-miRNAs to 4:1) to carry miR-29a-3p and mimic the exosomes. This liposomal nanovesicle delivery system significantly down-regulated collagen I secretion by lung fibroblasts in vivo, thus alleviating the establishment of a pro-metastatic environment for circulating lung tumor cells.

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