Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.086
Filter
1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 80(5): 469-474, May 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383884

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: At present, the etiology and pathogenesis of Moyamoya disease (MMD) are not completely clear. Patients are usually diagnosed after cerebrovascular events. Therefore, it is of great clinical significance to explore the predictive factors of MMD. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the serum level of CoQ10B, the amount of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), and mitochondrial function of EPCs in MMD patients. Methods: Forty-one MMD patients and 20 healthy controls were recruited in this study. Patients with MMD were divided into two groups: Ischemic type (n=23) and hemorrhagic type (n=18). Blood samples were collected from the antecubital vein and analyzed by CoQ10B ELISA and flow cytometry. Measures of mitochondrial function of EPCs include oxygen consumption rate (OCR), mitochondrial membrane potential, Ca2+ concentration, adenosine triphosphatases activity and ROS level. Results: The serum CoQ10B level in MMD patients was significantly lower than that in healthy controls (p<0.001). The relative number of EPCs in MMD patients was significantly higher than that in healthy controls (p<0.001). Moreover, the OCR, mitochondrial membrane potential and ATPase activity were decreased and the Ca2+ and reactive oxygen species levels were increased in MMD patients (p<0.001). Conclusions: Our results showed obviously decreased serum CoQ10B level and increased EPCs number in patients with MMD compared with healthy patients, and the mitochondria function of EPCs in MMD patients was abnormal.


RESUMO Antecedentes: No momento, a etiologia e a patogênese da doença de Moyamoya (DMM) não são completamente claras. Os pacientes geralmente são diagnosticados após eventos cerebrovasculares. Sendo assim, é de grande importância clínica explorar os fatores preditivos de DMM. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o nível sérico de CoQ10B, a quantidade de células progenitoras endoteliais (CPE) e a função mitocondrial de CPE em pacientes com DMM. Métodos: Quarenta e um pacientes com DMM e 20 controles saudáveis foram recrutados neste estudo. Aqueles com DMM foram divididos em dois grupos: tipo isquêmico (n=23) e tipo hemorrágico (n=18). Amostras de sangue foram coletadas da veia antecubital e analisadas por CoQ10B Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática (ELISA) e citometria de fluxo. As medidas da função mitocondrial de CPE incluem taxa de consumo de oxigênio (TCO), potencial de membrana mitocondrial, concentração de Ca2+, atividade de adenosina trifosfatases (ATPase) e nível de espécies reativas de oxigênio (ROS). Resultados: O nível sérico de CoQ10B em pacientes com DMM foi significativamente menor do que em controles saudáveis (p<0,001). O número relativo de CPE em pacientes com MMD foi significativamente maior do que em controles saudáveis (p<0,001). Além disso, a TCO, o potencial de membrana mitocondrial e a atividade ATPase diminuíram e os níveis de Ca2+e ROS aumentaram em pacientes com MMD (p<0,001). Conclusões: Nossos resultados mostraram obviamente diminuição do nível sérico de CoQ10B e aumento do número de CPE em pacientes com DMM em comparação com pacientes saudáveis, e a função mitocondrial de CPE em pacientes com DMM estava anormal.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of monoammonium glycyrrhizinate on the stem cell-like characteristics, oxidative stress and mitochondrial function of acute promyelocytic leukemia cells NB4.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 method was used to detect the viability of acute promyelocytic leukemia cells NB4, and the appropriate dose was screened; Cloning method was used to detect the proliferation rate of NB4 cell; Western blot was used to detect the expression of cell cycle-related protein; flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis and sort NB4 stem cells positive (CD133+); Stem cell markers (Oct4, ABCG2, Dclk1) were detected by RT-PCR; ROS was detected by fluorescence; The kit was used to detect the level of oxidative stress markers (MDA); The flow cytometry was used to detect the change of mitochondrial membrane potential; Western blot was used to detect the expression of mitochondrial damage index-related proteins (Bax/BCL-2).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, if the concentration of MAG was less than 5 μmol/L, the cell NB4 viability showed no significant difference; if the concentration was higher than 5 μmol/L, the inhibitory effect on the growth of cell NB4 increased and showed significant difference (P<0.05), according to the results of CCK-8 experiment, four groups were set based on the concentration of MAG 0 μmol/L, MAG 5 μmol/L, MAG 10 μmol/L, and MAG 20 μmol/L; compared with the control group (MAG 0 μmol/L), the cells in MAG 5 μmol/L group showed no significant difference, while the proliferation rate, cyclin expression, mitochondrial membrane potential, stem cell CD133+ ratio, and marker mRNA level ( Oct4, ABCG2, Dclk1) of NB4 cell were significantly reduced (P<0.05); the apoptosis rate, reactive oxygen species, MDA content and Bax/BCL-2 expression of NB4 cell significantly increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Monoammonium glycyrrhizinate has a significant inhibitory effect on acute promyelocytic leukemia cells NB4, which may be related to the regulation of stem cell-like characteristics, oxidative stress and mitochondrial function.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Doublecortin-Like Kinases , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Mitochondria , Oxidative Stress , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Stem Cells
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928130

ABSTRACT

A high-throughput screening machine learning model for mitochondrial function was constructed, and compounds of Aco-niti Lateralis Radix Praeparata were predicted. Deoxyaconitine with the highest score and benzoylmesaconine with the lowest score among the compounds screened by the model were selected for mitochondrial mechanism analysis. Mitochondrial function data were collected from PubChem and Tox21 databases. Random forest and gradient boosted decision tree algorithms were separately used for mo-deling, and ECFP4(extended connectivity fingerprint, up to four bonds) and Mordred descriptors were employed for training, respectively. Cross-validation test was carried out, and balanced accuracy(BA) and overall accuracy were determined to evaluate the performance of different combinations of models and obtain the optimal algorithm and hyperparameters for modeling. The data of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata compounds in TCMSP database were collected, and after prediction and screening by the constructed high-throughput screening machine learning model, deoxyaconitine and benzoylmesaconine were selected to measure mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species(ROS) level and protein expression of B-cell lymphoma 2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ-coactivator 1α(PGC-1α). The results showed that the model constructed using gradient boosted decision tree+Mordred algorithm performed better, with a cross-validation BA of 0.825 and a test set accuracy of 0.811. Deoxyaconitine and benzoylmesaconine changed the ROS level(P<0.001), mitochondrial membrane potential(P<0.001), and protein expression of Bcl-2(P<0.001, P<0.01) and Bax(P<0.001), and deoxyaconitine increased the expression of PGC-1α protein(P<0.01). The high-throughput screening model for mitochondrial function constructed by gradient boosted decision tree+Mordred algorithm was more accurate than that by random forest+ECFP4 algorithm, which could be used to build an algorithm model for subsequent research. Deoxyaconitine and benzoylmesaconine affected mitochondrial function. However, deoxyaconitine with higher score also affected mitochondrial biosynthesis by regulating PGC-1α protein.


Subject(s)
Aconitum/chemistry , Algorithms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , High-Throughput Screening Assays , Machine Learning , Mitochondria , Reactive Oxygen Species , bcl-2-Associated X Protein
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1352-1360, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924746

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of puerarin on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) injured with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). HUVEC were divided into three groups: a control group, a model group (H2O2 400 μmol·L-1) and a puerarin-treated group (3, 10, 30 and 100 μmol·L-1). HUVEC were cultured with varied concentration of puerarin for 2 h and treated with H2O2 for another 24 h. Cell proliferation was detected by a CCK-8 assay. The mitochondrial membrane potential was measured by a JC-1 fluorescent probe. A transwell chamber assay was adopted to observe cell migration ability. Mitochondrial respiratory function was measured in a two-chamber titration injection respirometer (Oxygraph-2k). The expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-18 (IL-18) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. The expression of pyroptosis-mediated proteins, including cleaved-cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase-1 (caspase-1), N-gasdermin D (N-GSDMD), NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) and purinergic ligand-gated ion channel 7 receptor (P2X7R) was detected by Western blot. The results show that 400 μmol·L-1 H2O2 treatment for 24 h causes obvious damage to HUVEC. Compared with the model group, puerarin protected against cellular injury in a dose-dependent manner, with the greatest effect at a dose of 30 and 100 μmol·L-1. Puerarin significantly decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential and improved mitochondrial function. Puerarin inhibited cell migration induced by H2O2, suppressed the expression of IL-1β, IL-18 and TNF-α, and down-regulated the pyroptosis-mediated protein. These changes are statistically significant (P < 0.05). These findings demonstrate that puerarin has a protective effect against H2O2-induced oxidative damage of HUVEC by inhibiting the migration of HUVEC cells. The mechanism may be related to improved mitochondrial respiratory function and inhibition of pyroptosis.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 681-694, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922895

ABSTRACT

Mitochondria is involved in many important physiological activities such as energy supply, signal transduction, cell differentiation, etc., and plays an significant role in the occurrence and development of diseases. Using mitochondria as a target is a new strategy for cancer treatment. The use of nanotechnology to construct a mitochondrial targeted nano-drug delivery system can improve the solubility of traditional drugs, prolong the half-life of drugs in the body, increase the bioavailability and concentration of drugs at the tumor site, and reduce the toxic and side effects of drugs. It is expected to solve the resistance in the process of tumor treatment. This review focuses on the field of cancer treatment. Firstly, it introduces the mechanism of mitochondrial targeted nano-drug delivery system for cancer treatment. Secondly, it outlines the design ideas, classification and application research of mitochondrial targeted nano-drug delivery systems in the past five years. Finally, it expands the analysis of other studies that target mitochondria, such as bionic vectors, and presents its advantages and disadvantages, which provide a basis for in-depth research on drug delivery systems in the future.

6.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19870, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383965

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury leads to overproduction of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), and disrupts membrane potential that contributes to cell death. The aim of this study was to determine if naringin (NAR), trimetazidine (TMZ) or their combination, protect the kidney mitochondrial from IR injury. Forty rats were randomly allocated into five groups, harboring eight rats each: Sham, IR, NAR (100 mg/kg), TMZ (5 mg/kg) and NAR plus TMZ. Ischemia was induced by obstructing both renal pedicles for 45 min, followed by reperfusion for 4 hours. The mitochondria were isolated to examine the ROS, Malondialdehyde (MDA), Glutathione (GSH), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and mitochondrial viability (MTT). Our findings indicated that IR injury resulted in excessive ROS production, increased MDA levels and decreased GSH, MMP and MMT levels. However, NAR, TMZ or their combination reversed these changes. Interestingly, a higher protection was noted with the combination of both, compared to each drug alone. We speculate that this combination demonstrates a promising process for controlling renal failure, especially with the poor clinical outcome, acquired with NAR alone. This study revealed that pretreatment their combination serves as a promising compound against oxidative stress, leading to suppression of mitochondrial stress pathway and elevation of GSH level.

7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 180-202, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929176

ABSTRACT

Zn2+ is required for the activity of many mitochondrial proteins, which regulate mitochondrial dynamics, apoptosis and mitophagy. However, it is not understood how the proper mitochondrial Zn2+ level is achieved to maintain mitochondrial homeostasis. Using Caenorhabditis elegans, we reveal here that a pair of mitochondrion-localized transporters controls the mitochondrial level of Zn2+. We demonstrate that SLC-30A9/ZnT9 is a mitochondrial Zn2+ exporter. Loss of SLC-30A9 leads to mitochondrial Zn2+ accumulation, which damages mitochondria, impairs animal development and shortens the life span. We further identify SLC-25A25/SCaMC-2 as an important regulator of mitochondrial Zn2+ import. Loss of SLC-25A25 suppresses the abnormal mitochondrial Zn2+ accumulation and defective mitochondrial structure and functions caused by loss of SLC-30A9. Moreover, we reveal that the endoplasmic reticulum contains the Zn2+ pool from which mitochondrial Zn2+ is imported. These findings establish the molecular basis for controlling the correct mitochondrial Zn2+ levels for normal mitochondrial structure and functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolism , Cation Transport Proteins/genetics , Homeostasis , Mitochondria/metabolism , Zinc/metabolism
8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 373-385, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929118

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mROS) that are overproduced by mitochondrial dysfunction are linked to pathological conditions including sensory abnormalities. Here, we explored whether mROS overproduction induces itch through transient receptor potential canonical 3 (TRPC3), which is sensitive to ROS. Intradermal injection of antimycin A (AA), a selective inhibitor of mitochondrial electron transport chain complex III for mROS overproduction, produced robust scratching behavior in naïve mice, which was suppressed by MitoTEMPO, a mitochondria-selective ROS scavenger, and Pyr10, a TRPC3-specific blocker, but not by blockers of TRPA1 or TRPV1. AA activated subsets of trigeminal ganglion neurons and also induced inward currents, which were blocked by MitoTEMPO and Pyr10. Besides, dry skin-induced chronic scratching was relieved by MitoTEMPO and Pyr10, and also by resveratrol, an antioxidant. Taken together, our results suggest that mROS elicit itch through TRPC3, which may underlie chronic itch, representing a potential therapeutic target for chronic itch.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Mice , Mitochondria , Pruritus/chemically induced , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , TRPA1 Cation Channel
9.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 26-46, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922494

ABSTRACT

In vitro studies have established the prevalent theory that the mitochondrial kinase PINK1 protects neurodegeneration by removing damaged mitochondria in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, difficulty in detecting endogenous PINK1 protein in rodent brains and cell lines has prevented the rigorous investigation of the in vivo role of PINK1. Here we report that PINK1 kinase form is selectively expressed in the human and monkey brains. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated deficiency of PINK1 causes similar neurodegeneration in the brains of fetal and adult monkeys as well as cultured monkey neurons without affecting mitochondrial protein expression and morphology. Importantly, PINK1 mutations in the primate brain and human cells reduce protein phosphorylation that is important for neuronal function and survival. Our findings suggest that PINK1 kinase activity rather than its mitochondrial function is essential for the neuronal survival in the primate brains and that its kinase dysfunction could be involved in the pathogenesis of PD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 45-51, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935901

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of artesunate (Art) and fuzheng huayu decoction on mitochondrial autophagy in the treatment of schistosomiasis liver fibrosis. Methods: Eighty C57BL/6 female mice were randomly divided into healthy control group, infection group, Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group, with 20 mice in each group. Mice in the infection group and treatment group were infected with 16 Schistosoma japonicum cercariae. After 6 weeks, praziquantel (300 mg/kg) was used for 2 days to kill the worms. The Art treatment group was treated with intraperitoneal injection of 100 mg/kg/day, while the Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group was fed 16g of fuzheng huayu decoction per 1kg per day. After 6 weeks, fresh liver tissues of the four groups were collected. Masson staining and Western blot were used to observe the succinate dehydrogenase subunit A (SDHA) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH2), citrate synthase (CS), ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH), and target of rapamycin 1 (mTORC1) pathway involved in mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid cycle in liver tissues. The relative expression levels of adenylate activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mitochondrial autophagy pathway kinase (PINK1) were detected. Liver tissue samples were extracted from each group to detect the mitochondrial oxygen consumption rate. Two-way ANOVA was used to compare the significance and difference between two sets of samples. Results: Masson staining showed that the infection group mice had significantly higher liver fibrosis area than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group mice had lower liver fibrosis area than the infection group. Western blot analysis showed that the infection group (0.82 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of SDHA protein than the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.05) (t = 11.23, P = 0.0035), while the Art treatment group (0.73 ± 0.05) had significantly higher relative expression of SDHA protein than the infection group (t = 10.79, P = 0.0073). However, there was no significant change in Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group (0.98±0.05) (t = 1.925, P = 0.1266). The relative expression of p-AMPK protein was significantly higher in the infection group (1.15 ±0.05) than in the healthy control group (0.98 ± 0.07, t = 12.18, P = 0.0029), and the expression of p-AMPK in the Art treatment group (0.50 ± 0.05) was significantly lower than the infection group (t = 11.78, P = 0.0032). The relative protein expression of AMPK was significantly lower in the infection group (0.80 ± 0.05) than in the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.05, t = 10.53, P = 0.0046). The expression of AMPK was significantly lower in the Art treatment group (0.54 ± 0.05) than in the infection group (T = 13.98, P = 0.0036). The relative expression of p-mTORC1 protein (0.93 ± 0.08) was not significantly different in the infection group than in the healthy control group (t = 2.28, P = 0.065), while the Art treatment group (0.63 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of p-mTORC1 protein than the infection group (t = 10.58, P = 0.029). The expression of p-mTORC1/ m-TORC1 was not significantly different in the infection group (0.98 ± 0.03) than in the healthy control group (0.97 ± 0.03, t = 0.98, P = 0.085), while the Art treatment group (0.63 ± 0.05) had significantly lower relative expression of p-mTORC1/ m-TORC1 than the infection group (t = 14.58, P = 0. 009). The relative protein expression of PINK1 was significantly lower in the infection group (0.55 ± 0.05) than in the healthy control group (1.00 ± 0.03, t = 13.49, P = 0.0011), while the Art treatment group (1.21 ± 0.05, t = 9.98, P = 0.0046) and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group (1.31 ±0.35, t = 6.98, P = 0.027) had significantly higher relative protein expression of PINK1 than the infection group. Mitochondrial function tests showed that after adding substrate complex II, the oxygen consumption of the infection group was lower than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and the Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group had higher oxygen consumption than the infection group. The oxygen consumption was significantly lower after adding the substrate complex III in the infection group than the healthy control group, while the Art treatment group and Fuzheng Huayu Decoction treatment group had higher oxygen consumption than the infection group. Conclusion: Art can alleviate schistosomiasis liver fibrosis by inhibiting AMPK/mTORC1 signaling pathway activity and enhancing mitochondrial oxygen consumption, autophagy and SDHA expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Artesunate , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mitochondria , Schistosomiasis
11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 211-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the level of tibial growth plate chondrocyte mitophagy in young rats with chronic renal failure (CRF) and its effect on chondrocyte apoptosis.Methods:Male 4-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups according to random number table method: normal control group ( n=20, intragastric administration with distilled water) and CRF group ( n=20, given adenine suspension 150 mg·kg -1·d -1). All the young rats were sacrificed after continuous gavage for 6 weeks. The length of tibia was measured on X ray film, the width of tibia growth plate was measured and compared on histological section, and the apoptosis rate of chondrocytes in growth plate was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The growth plate chondrocytes of two groups were isolated and cultured to the third generation in vitro, and the apoptosis rate of chondrocytes was detected by TUNEL assay. The co-localization of mitochondria and autophagy lysosomes in chondrocytes was observed by double fluorescence staining. Western blotting was used to detect the level of mitochondrial marker protein translocate of the outer mitochondrial membrane-20 (Tom-20) and autophagy marker light chain-3 protein (LC-3). The mitophagy of growth plate chondrocytes was observed by transmission electron microscope. Results:Compared with the normal control group, the tibia length of CRF group was shorter [(27.32±5.81) mm vs (35.43±3.61) mm, t=5.226, P<0.001], and the relative width of growth plate in histological section was narrower (0.56±0.19 vs 1.00±0.21, t=6.744, P<0.001). The apoptosis rate of chondrocytes in growth plate in CRF group was higher than that in the normal control group (17.2%±4.8% vs 5.1%±3.4%, t=6.505, P<0.001). The apoptosis rate of chondrocytes cultured in vitro in CRF group was higher than that in the normal control group (11.8%±6.2% vs 3.1%±1.2%, t=4.357, P<0.001). The result of double influorescence staining showed that there was co-localization between mitochondria and autophagy lysosomes in CRF group. Western blotting results showed that the levels of LC-3 protein ( t=8.944, P<0.001) and Tom-20 protein ( t=6.708, P<0.001) in CRF group were lower than those in the normal control group. Conclusion:The level of tibial growth plate chondrocyte mitophagy in young rats with CRF increases, which will lead to a decrease in the number of mitochondria, an increase in the apoptosis and a decrease in the number of chondrocytes, and eventually lead to dysplasia of tibia.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933343

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) on mitochondrial biogenesis and dynamics in hippocampus of mice with sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE).Methods:One hundred and twenty-eight male C57BL/6J mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=32 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), sham operation plus HRS group (Sham+ HRS group), SAE group and SAE plus HRS group.Sepsis was developed by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in anesthetized mice.HRS 10 ml/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 and 6 h after CLP in Sham+ HRS and SAE+ HRS groups.Twenty mice were randomly selected from each group to record the 7-day survival after operation.The working memory of the mice was observed by Y-maze test on days 3, 5 and 7 after CLP.The hippocampal tissues were obtained at 24 h after CLP for determination of the content of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and high-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) (by spectrophotometry), and expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor 2 (NRF2), mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam), dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and mitochondrial fusion protein mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group Sham, the postoperative 7-day survival rate was significantly decreased, the time spent in novel arm was shortened, the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and HMGB1 were increased, the activities of SOD and CAT were decreased, the expression of PGC-1α, NRF2 and Tfam was up-regulated, the expression of Drp1 was up-regulated, and the expression of Mfn2 was down-regulated in group SAE ( P<0.05). Compared with group SAE, the postoperative 7-day survival rate was significantly increased, the time spent in novel arm was prolonged, the contents of TNF-α, IL-6 and HMGB1 were decreased, the activities of SOD and CAT were increased, the expression of PGC-1α, NRF2 and Tfam was up-regulated, the expression of Drp1 was down-regulated, and the expression of Mfn2 was up-regulated in group SAE+ HRS ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The mechanism by which HRS alleviates SAE may be related to promotion of mitochondrial biogenesis, regulation of dynamics, and reduction of oxidative stress in hippocampus of mice.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 460-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of resistance exercise on mitochondrial function, muscle attenuation and muscle fiber morphology in quadriceps femoris of aged rats.Methods:The 18-month-old male rats were randomly divided into five groups( n=8, each): control(not exercise), 0% weight-bearing, 30% weight-bearing, 50% weight-bearing, and 70% weight-bearing exercise.After maximum resistance running, intermittent race table resistance exercise with 0%, 30%, 50%, 70% maximum load were performed.The treadmill placement slope was 35°, the running speed was 15 m/min, and exercise was performed every other day.At the end of the 8 th week, the mitochondrial membrane potential of quadriceps femoris muscle was measured, cytosol contents of cytochrome C(Cyt c), apoptosis-inducing factor(AIF), and apoptotic protein(Smac/DIABLO)were measured, and the morphology and structure of muscle fibers were observed. Results:Compared with the control group, the mitochondrial ΔΨmt was increased in the 0%, 30%, 50% and 70% maximum load groups, with a significant difference in the increment in the 0%, 30% and 50% maximum load groups( t=7.412, 5.611, 6.213, all P<0.01).Compared with the 0% maximum load group, the percentage of cells with mitochondrial ΔΨmt was statistically significantly decreased in the 30% maximum load group(10.6%)( t=9.356, P<0.05), while the percentage of cells with mitochondrial ΔΨmt was statistically significantly increased in the 70% maximum load group(10.03%)( t=8.341, P<0.05).Compared with the control group, the contents of Cyt c, AIF and Smac/DIABLO in the cytoplasm of quadriceps femoris of aged rats with 8-week resistance exercise were decreased, among which the contents of Cyt c and Smac/DIABLO were statistically significantly decreased in the three groups of 0%, 30%, and 50% maximum load( t=8.324, 7.516, and 6.871, all P<0.05), as well as the decrement in AIF of the three groups of 0%, 30%, and 50% maximum load was statistically significant( t =9.434, 8.78, and 7.342, all P<0.05).Compared with the control group, the vacuolar area of muscle fibers was extremely significantly decreased in the 0%, 30%, and 50% maximum load groups( t =5.567, 6.784, and 7.432, P<0.01); the protein content in the quadriceps femoris muscle was very significantly increased in the 30%, 50%, and 70% maximum load groups( t =7.478, 6.765, and 4.564, all P <0.01).Compared with the 0% maximum load group, the protein content in the quadriceps femoris muscle was very significantly increased in the 30%, 50%, and 70% maximum load groups( t=9.236, 8.342, and 6.456, all P<0.01). Conclusions:Low and medium weight-bearing resistance exercise can improve the mitochondrial function of quadriceps femoris, reduce the femoral quadriceps mitochondria-released proapoptotic proteins Cyt c, AIF, and Smac/DIABLO, and reduce the incidence of quadriceps femoris apoptosis.Low and medium weight-bearing resistance exercise can increase the protein content of muscle fibers, reduce the vacuolar area of muscle fibers, maintain muscle mass, and delay the occurrence of sarcopenia.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 355-359, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933085

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial dynamics regulates mitochondrial morphology and functions.Imbalance in mitochondrial dynamics with aging leads to mitochondrial dysfunction, accelerates the aging process and is closely related to the occurrence and progression of age-related diseases.However, the specifics of the relationship between aging and altered mitochondrial dynamics are still not fully understood.Here, we review the link between mitochondrial dynamics and aging, and discuss mechanisms underlying age-related diseases associated with altered mitochondrial dynamics, aiming to identify novel therapeutic targets and strategies for the management of age-related diseases.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of different doses of 60Co γ-ray ionizing radiation on mitochondrial function in mouse hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). Methods:C57BL/6 mice were divided into control group, 1 Gy irradiation group and 4.5 Gy irradiation group. The mitochondrial functions were detected at 12 h and 24 h after irradiation, including ROS level, membrane potential, mitochondrial structure, and mitochondrial stress. Bone marrow c-Kit + cells received a single 15 Gy irradiation in vitro, after 24 h, mitochondrial function was detected. Results:It was found that mice leukocytes ( t=12.41, 18.31, 16.48, 14.16, 19.08, 20.25, P<0.05), red blood cells ( t=4.81, 6.62, P<0.05) and platelets ( t=4.33, 6.68, P<0.05) were significantly reduced. The numbers of bone marrow colony formation unit ( t=16.27, 55.66, 17.06, 43.75, P<0.05), and HSPCs ( t=5.16, 11.55, P<0.05) were decreased dose-dependently post-irradiation. Under 1 Gy irradiation, the mitochondrial function and mitochondrial basal metabolic index of HSPCs ( t= 7.36, 3.68, 4.58, 3.15, 3.15, P<0.05) were enhanced at 24 h post-irradiation. Under 4.5 Gy irradiation, mitochondrial number, mitochondrial membrane potential ( t=12.29, 10.46, P<0.05), maximal respiration and spare respiratory capacity were decreased ( t=7.81, 5.78, 6.70, 5.83, P<0.05), ROS level was increased ( t=4.63, 4.12, P<0.05). The basal respiration and oxidative phosphorylated ATP production were reduced at 12 h after irradiation ( t=8.48, 3.80, P<0.05); and the proton leakage was increased ( t=6.57, P<0.05) and coupling efficiency was reduced ( t=11.43, P<0.05) at 24 h after irradiation. In cultured c-Kit + cells, the level of ROS ( t=11.30, P<0.05) and the maximum respiration and spare respiratory capacity were increased ( t=4.25, 3.44, P<0.05) while the mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased ( t=34.92, P<0.05) significantly. Conclusions:A method for systematically assessing mitochondrial function in HSPCs was established, and the effect of ionizing radiation on mitochondrial function of HSPCs was clarified, laying a foundation for further revealing the mechanism of ionizing radiation-induced mitochondrial damage in HSPCs.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1565-1572, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To prep are Legumain enzyme and mitochondrial double-stage targeted harmine (HM) liposome (KA@HM-LPS)and preliminary evaluate its pharmaceutical properties ,in vitro antitumor effect and biocompatibility. METHODS Firstly,the preparation and homogenization methods of KA@HM-LPS was screened ,and prepared liposomes were characterized. Secondly,the serum stability ,in vitro release rate ,hemolysis percentage of KA@HM-LPS and cell survival rate under KA@BLPS were determines respectively. Finally ,the cell surivival rate ,mitochondrial targeting and inhibitory effects on cell migration and invasion of KA@HM-LPS were determined. RESULTS KA@HM-LPS was prepared by the thin-film dispersion method ,with encapsulation efficiency of (90.50 ± 0.62)% . The extrusion moulding method was selected as homogenization method of KA@HM-LPS. The particle size ,polydispersity index ,and Zeta potential of KA@HM-LPS were (211.40±11.67)nm,0.316± 0.014 and(-14.20±0.49)mV,respectively. In 37 ℃,10% FBS,the particle size of KA@HM-LPS kept stable after 12 h. In vitro release curve of KA@HM-LPS in 20% plasma conformed to Weibull distribution and had the property of sustained release. When HM concentration was 160 μg/mL,the hemolysis percentage of KA@HM-LPS was (4.23±0.19)%,which was much lower than that of free HM ,with safety. When the mass concentration of KA@BLPS reaches 400 μg/mL,the survival rate of LO 2 cells was (94.40 ± 6.12)% ,and the biocompatibility was good. Cell test results in vitro showed that ,inhibitory effect of KA@HM-LPS on liver cancer cells with overexpression of Legumain enzyme (LGMN -SK-Hep-1) was significantly higher than that of normal liver cancer cells SK-Hep- 1; compared with SK-Hep-1,LGMN +-SK-Hep-1 cells had a higher uptake efficiency of the liposome ;KA@HM-LPS could significantly inhibit the migration and invasion of LGMN +- SK-Hep-1 cells. CONCLUSIONS KA@HM-LPS is prepared successfully ,which can effectively inhibit the migration and invasion of liver cancer cells with Legumain enzyme overexpression ,and improve the blood compatibility of HM.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1584-1592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929448

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of heart failure is a complex progression and associated with abnormal regulation of many signaling pathways. As a cofactor of hemoglobin, myoglobin, oxidative respiratory chain, DNA synthase and other important proteins, iron plays an indispensable role in myocardial energy metabolism. Recently, a large number of studies have shown that heart failure is related to the disorder of iron metabolism. Both iron deficiency and iron overload can lead to the development of a variety of cardiomyopathy, and even progress to heart failure. Iron metabolism could be a key target for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of heart failure. Here, we review the basic process of iron metabolism and its mechanism in heart failure, expecting to provide new clues and evidence for the treatment of heart failure.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2533-2549, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929380

ABSTRACT

Induction of immunogenic cell death promotes antitumor immunity against cancer. However, majority of clinically-approved drugs are unable to elicit sufficient ICD. Here, our study revealed that mitochondria-targeted delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) massively amplified ICD via substantial generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after mitochondrial damage. The underlying mechanism behind increased ICD was further demonstrated to be ascribed to two pathways: (1) ROS elevated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, leading to surface exposure of calreticulin; (2) ROS promoted release of various mitochondria-associated damage molecules including mitochondrial transcription factor A. Nevertheless, adaptive upregulation of PD-L1 was found after such ICD-inducing treatment. To overcome such immunosuppressive feedback, we developed a tumor stimuli-responsive nano vehicle to simultaneously exert mitochondrial targeted ICD induction and PD-L1 blockade. The nano vehicle was self-assembled from ICD-inducing copolymer and PD-L1 blocking copolymer, and possessed long-circulating property which contributed to better tumor accumulation and mitochondrial targeting. As a result, the nano vehicle remarkably activated antitumor immune responses and exhibited robust antitumor efficacy in both immunogenic and non-immunogenic tumor mouse models.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1186-1197, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929360

ABSTRACT

The transcription factor nuclear factor of kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) is expressed in brown adipocytes, but its role remains largely unknown in the cells. This issue was addressed in current study by examining NF-κB in brown adipocytes in vitro and in vivo. NF-κB activity was increased by differentiation of brown adipocytes through elevation of p65 (RelA) expression. The transcriptional activity of NF-κB was induced by the cold stimulation with an elevation in S276 phosphorylation of p65 protein. Inactivation of NF-κB in brown adipocytes made the knockout mice [uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1)-CreER-p65f/f, U-p65-KO] intolerant to the cold environment. The brown adipocytes exhibited an increase in apoptosis, a decrease in cristae density and uncoupling activity in the interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT) of p65-KO mice. The alterations became severer after cold exposure of the KO mice. The brown adipocytes of mice with NF-κB activation (p65 overexpression, p65-OE) exhibited a set of opposite alterations with a reduction in apoptosis, an increase in cristae density and uncoupling activity. In mechanism, NF-κB inhibited expression of the adenine nucleotide translocase 2 (ANT2) in the control of apoptosis. Data suggest that NF-κB activity is increased in brown adipocytes by differentiation and cold stimulation to protect the cells from apoptosis through down-regulation of ANT2 expression.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 496-510, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929311

ABSTRACT

Genetic variation in apolipoprotein E (APOE) influences Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk. APOE ε4 alleles are the strongest genetic risk factor for late onset sporadic AD. The AD risk is dose dependent, as those carrying one APOE ε4 allele have a 2-3-fold increased risk, while those carrying two ε4 alleles have a 10-15-fold increased risk. Individuals carrying APOE ε2 alleles have lower AD risk and those carrying APOE ε3 alleles have neutral risk. APOE is a lipoprotein which functions in lipid transport, metabolism, and inflammatory modulation. Isoform specific effects of APOE within the brain include alterations to Aβ, tau, neuroinflammation, and metabolism. Here we review the association of APOE with AD, the APOE isoform specific effects within brain and periphery, and potential therapeutics.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL