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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310047, abr. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1533059

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Durante la infancia, los niños pueden experimentar algún grado de dificultad al comer. Existe una herramienta, desarrollada en Estados Unidos, de evaluación de la alimentación pediátrica (PediEAT), que permite identificar síntomas problemáticos. Objetivo. Realizar una adaptación transcultural para una versión argentina, con adecuación cultural y equivalencia semántica respecto a su versión original. Población y métodos. Se utilizó una versión autoadministrada del PediEAT que fue respondida por familias y/o cuidadores de niños de 6 meses a 7 años. Se realizó una primera fase de evaluación de validez del contenido con un grupo de expertos. Luego, una fase de pretest con familias mediante entrevistas cognitivas para comprobar la comprensión de las palabras y frases. Se realizaron las modificaciones necesarias para que quedara adaptada al contexto. Resultados. En la fase de evaluación de validez del contenido con el grupo de 8 expertos, de los 80 ítems se modificaron 36. En el pretest, se realizaron entrevistas cognitivas a 18 cuidadores; se realizaron cambios en 11 ítems para mejorar la comprensión por parte de la población argentina. La versión argentina fue aprobada por los autores originales. Conclusiones. El instrumento PediEAT versión argentina resulta lingüísticamente equivalente a su versión original, lo que permite su uso para la detección de problemáticas alimentarias en niños.


Introduction. During childhood, children may experience some degree of difficulty eating. A tool (PediEAT) has been developed in the United States and is available to assess pediatric eating and to identify problematic symptoms. Objective. To obtain an Argentine version that is transculturally adapted, culturally adequate, and semantically equivalent to the original version. Population and methods. A self-administered version of the PediEAT was used and completed by families and/or caregivers of children aged 6 months to 7 years. In the first phase, content validity was assessed by a group of experts. This was followed by a pre-test phase with families using cognitive interviews to test word and phrase comprehension. The necessary changes were made to obtain a version adapted to the context. Results. The tool's content validity was assessed by a group of 8 experts; as a result, 36 of the 80 items were changed. During the pre-test phase, cognitive interviews were conducted with 18 caregivers; 11 items were changed to improve comprehension by the Argentine population. The Argentine version was approved by the original authors. Conclusions. The Argentine version of the PediEAT tool is linguistically equivalent to the original version, and this allows its use to screen for feeding problems in children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood , Child Nutrition , Psychometrics/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Caregivers
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310083, abr. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537206

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: el objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la lactancia y los factores relacionados (edad, nivel educativo, edad al momento del primer embarazo, etc.) y las prácticas de alimentación complementaria de las madres refugiadas sirias y las madres turcas. Materiales y métodos: este estudio descriptivo y comparativo analizó las características nutricionales de los bebés de 9 a 60 meses de edad cuyas madres fueran turcas o refugiadas sirias que asistieron al Hospital Público de Kiziltepe entre enero y julio de 2022. Resultados: se incluyó a 204 madres (126 turcas y 78 sirias). La edad promedio de las madres turcas era 27,60 ± 5,17 años y la de las refugiadas sirias, 28,91 ± 5,62 años, sin una diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p: 0,091). La lactancia materna posparto fue del 91,3 % y la duración de la lactancia fue de 12 meses (0-24) en las ciudadanas turcas, mientras que, en las refugiadas sirias, fue del 84,6 % y 9 meses (0-24), respectivamente (consumo de leche materna, p: 0,144; tiempo de consumo, p: 0,161; sin diferencias estadísticas). El 23,8 % de las ciudadanas turcas y el 5,1 % de las refugiadas sirias recibieron capacitación sobre la lactancia, con una diferencia significativa entre ambos grupos (p: 0,001). Conclusión: en los grupos de refugiadas, las prácticas de nutrición infantil y materna se ven alteradas. En colaboración con las organizaciones locales e internacionales y los organismos estatales que ayudan a los grupos de refugiados se podrían mejorar las prácticas de nutrición maternoinfantil y reducir las brechas.


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare breastfeeding and related factors (age, level of education, age at first pregnancy, etc.), and complementary feeding practices between Syrian refugee and native Turkish mothers. Material and methods: This descriptive-comparative study examined the nutritional characteristics of infants aged 9 to 60 months whose mothers were Turkish or Syrian refugees who attended Kiziltepe State Hospital between January 2022 and July 2022. Results: 204 mothers (126 Turkish and 78 Syrian) who had a child aged 9-60 months were included. The average age of the mothers was 27.60 ± 5.17 years for Turkish citizens and 28.91 ± 5.62 for Syrian refugees, without significant difference between the two groups (p: 0.091). Postpartum breastfeeding was 91.3% and breastfeeding duration was 12 (0-24) months in Turkish citizens; in Syrian refugees, breastfeeding was 84.6% and average breastfeeding time was 9 (0- 24) months (respectively, breast milk intake p: 0.144, uptake time p: 0.161; no statistical difference). Breastfeeding training was received by 23.8% of Turkish citizens and 5.1% of Syrian refugees; there was a significant difference between the two groups (p: 0.001). Conclusion: In refugee groups, infant and maternal nutrition practices are disrupted. Working in conjunction with local and international organizations and state agencies that give help to refugee groups, the appropriate interventions, initiatives, supports, and awareness-raising activities would strive to improve practices in mother and baby nutrition and narrow gaps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adult , Young Adult , Refugees , Mothers/education , Syria , Breast Feeding , Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
3.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310050, abr. 2024. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1537591

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Contar con los datos del consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados en los niños resulta importante para planificar políticas públicas. Objetivos. Describir la prevalencia de consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados en menores de 2 años e identificar factores asociados. Describir la proporción que los alimentos ultraprocesados representan del número total de los alimentos consumidos en el día. Métodos. Análisis secundario de los datos de niños entre 6 y 23 meses de edad con al menos un recordatorio de 24 horas de consumo de alimentos de la Segunda Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud de Argentina del año 2018. Se estudiaron como variables principales: "consumo de alimentos ultraprocesados" (según el sistema NOVA) categorizada en sí/no y la "proporción de ultraprocesados del total de alimentos consumidos". Los factores asociados explorados fueron lactancia materna, sexo, edad y el número de alimentos no ultraprocesados consumidos. Se realizó un modelo de regresión logística multivariable y se aplicó un factor de expansión para ponderar los datos. Resultados. Se incluyeron 4224 niños (ponderado 908 104). La prevalencia de consumo de ultraprocesados fue del 90,8 % (IC95%: 89,5-92) y fue asociado con mayor edad (OR 3,21; IC95% 2,28-4,52) y con el número de alimentos no ultraprocesados consumidos (OR 1,17; IC95% 1,13-1,23). Los ultraprocesados representaron una mediana del 20 % (RIC: 12,5-28,6 %) del total de alimentos consumidos en el día. Conclusiones. Este estudio señala la alta penetración de los alimentos ultraprocesados en la alimentación complementaria.


Introduction. The availability of data on the consumption of ultra-processed foods among children is important for planning public policies. Objectives. To describe the prevalence of consumption of ultra-processed foods in children under 2 years of age and identify associated factors. To describe the proportion that ultra-processed foods represent out of the total number of foods consumed in a day. Methods. Secondary analysis of data from children aged 6­23 months with at least a 24-hour recall of food consumption based on the Second National Survey on Nutrition and Health of Argentina (2018). The following primary variables were studied: "consumption of ultra-processed foods" (according to the NOVA system) categorized into yes/no and "proportion of ultra-processed out of total foods consumed." The following associated factors were studied: breastfeeding, sex, age, and number of non-ultra-processed foods consumed. A multivariate logistic regression model was developed and an expansion factor was applied to weight the data. Results. A total of 4224 children were included (weighed: 908 104). The prevalence of ultra-processed food consumption was 90.8% (95% CI: 89.5­92) and was associated with an older age (OR: 3.21, 95% CI: 2.28­4.52) and the number of non-ultra-processed foods consumed (OR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.13­1.23). Ultra-processed foods accounted for a median 20% (IQR: 12.5­28.6%) of all foods consumed in a day. Conclusions. This study highlights the high penetration of ultra-processed foods in complementary feeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Diet , Food, Processed , Argentina , Fast Foods , Food Handling
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 10 (1) 2024;10(1): 31817, 2024 abr. 30. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553544

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A deficiência de vitamina D durante a gestação e a lactação pode repercutir negativamente no desenvolvimento fetal e infantil, devido seu papel fundamental nos sistemas imunológico, cardíaco, ósseo, muscular e neural. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão de literatura para integrar estudos que evidenciam a deficiência de vitamina D em gestantes e lactantes, e os fatores de risco associados a essa carência. Metodologia: Foi realizado um levantamento bibliográfico entre agosto e outubro de 2021, com atualização entre outubro e novembro de 2022 através de pesquisas às bases Pubmed e Scielo, bem como às listas de referências dos artigos selecionados. Foram empregados os descritores consumo alimentar, vitamina D, deficiência de vitamina D, gestantes e lactantes, usando-se o operador booleano AND para a associação entre eles. Como critérios de inclusão foram adotados o tipo de estudo (epidemiológicos, ensaios clínicos e revisões integrativa e sistemática), o idioma (espanhol, inglês e português) e o período de publicação (2010 a 2022). Resultados: Evidenciou-se que existem vários fatores de riscos para a inadequação do status de vitamina D em gestantes e lactantes como a baixa exposição da pele à luz solar e fatores relacionados (uso excessivo de protetor solar, menor tempo de atividades ao ar livre, clima, religião e hábitos culturais, maior escolaridade);a pigmentação mais escura da pele; o baixo consumo alimentar de vitamina D e variáveis associadas; a menor idade materna; o primeiro trimestre gestacional; a primiparidade e o excesso de tecido adiposo. Conclusões: Em gestantes e lactantes, a carência de vitamina D associa-se a distintos fatores, com destaque principalmente para a baixa exposição à luz solar, a pigmentação mais escura da pele e o excesso de tecido adiposo, sendo de extrema importância que sejam abordados com cautela, visando ações voltadas a variáveis modificáveis, de modo a auxiliar na redução da hipovitaminose D nestes grupos (AU).


Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and breastfeeding can have a negative impact on fetal and infant development due to its fundamental role in the immune, cardiac, bone, muscular and neural systems. Objective: To conduct a literature review to integrate studies which show the Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant andlactating women, and the risk factors associated with this deficiency. Methodology: A bibliographic survey was carried out between August and October 2021, with an update between October and November 2022 through searches in the Pubmed and Scielo databases, as well as the reference lists of the selected articles. The descriptors food consumption, vitamin D, vitamin D deficiency, pregnant and lactating women were used, using the Boolean operator AND for the association between them. The type of study (epidemiological, clinical trials and integrative and systematic reviews), language (Spanish, English and Portuguese) and publication period (2010 to 2022) was adopted as inclusion criteria.Results:It was shown that there are several risk factors for inadequate vitamin D status in pregnant and lactating women, such as low skin exposure to sunlight and related factors (excessive use of sunscreen, less time spent outdoors, climate, religion and cultural habits, higher education); darker skin pigmentation; low dietary intake of vitamin D and associated variables; the lowest maternal age; the first gestational trimester; primiparity and excess adipose tissue.Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant and lactating women is associated with different factors, witha main emphasis on low exposure to sunlight, darker skin pigmentation and excess adipose tissue. Furthermore, it is extremely important that these factors are approached with caution, implementing actions aimed at modifiable variables in order to help reduce hypovitaminosis D in these groups (AU).


Introducción: La deficiencia de vitamina D durante el embarazo y la lactancia puede tener un impacto negativo en el desarrollo fetal e infantil, por su papel fundamental en los sistemas inmunológico, cardíaco, óseo, muscular y neural. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión bibliográfica para integrar estudios que evidencien la deficiencia de vitamina D en mujeres embarazadas y lactantes, y los factores de riesgo asociados. Metodología:Se realizó un levantamiento bibliográfico entre agosto y octubre de 2021, con actualizaciones entre octubre y noviembre de 2022 mediante búsquedas en las bases de datos Pubmed y Scielo, así como en las listas de referencias de los artículos seleccionados. Se utilizaron los descriptores consumo de alimentos, vitamina D, deficiencia de vitamina D, gestantes y lactantes, utilizándose el operador booleano AND para la asociación entre ellos. Se adoptaron como criterios de inclusión el tipo de estudio (epidemiológicos, clínicos, revisiones integradoras y sistemáticas), idioma (español, inglés y portugués) y período de publicación (2010 a 2022).Resultados: Existen varios factores de riesgo para un estado inadecuado de vitamina D en mujeres embarazadas y lactantes, como la baja exposición de la piel a la luz solar y factores relacionados (uso excesivo de protector solar, menor tiempo al aire libre, clima, religión y hábitos culturales, educación más alta); pigmentación de la piel más oscura; baja ingesta dietética de vitamina D y variables asociadas; la edad materna más baja; el primer trimestre gestacional; Primiparidad y exceso de tejido adiposo. Conclusiones:En mujeres embarazadas y lactantes, el déficit de vitamina D se asocia a diferentes factores, especialmente la baja exposición solar, la pigmentación de la piel más oscura y el exceso de tejido adiposo, y es de suma importancia abordarlos con precaución, apuntando a acciones dirigidas a variables modificables, con el fin de ayudar a reducir la hipovitaminosis D en estos grupos (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency , Risk Factors , Cholecalciferol/pharmacology , Deficiency Diseases , Maternal Nutrition , Pregnant Women , Breastfeeding Women , Infant
5.
J. bras. nefrol ; 46(1): 56-61, Mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534766

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: In 2004, the Ministry of Health stipulated that dialysis centers were required to have at least one dietitian on their staff. However, the regulation did not include recommendations regarding the number of dietitians or the workload based on the number of patients assisted. Objective: To describe the demographic and occupational profiles of dietitians working in dialysis centers in Brazil. Methodology: An electronic questionnaire was disseminated in social media and messaging apps with questions about the demographic and occupational profile of dietitians working in dialysis centers and matters related to patient care. Results: A total of 207 questionnaires were answered, covering 24% of the dialysis centers in Brazil. More than half of the dietitians (58%) had worked for more than five years in dialysis centers, and 83% reported additional training in Nephrology. The median (interquartile range) number of patients per monthly working hour was 1.6 (1.0-2.3). Considering all dialysis centers, 64% of the patients were seen at least once a month. Differences in demographic/occupational profiles and patient care were associated with workload, the main source of dialysis funding, and Brazilian geographical region. Conclusion: Most dietitians were experienced and trained in Nephrology. Substantial variability was found in the number of patients per dietitian workload, and proportion of patients receiving monthly nutritional care. Further studies are needed to discuss the demands of dietitians, dialysis centers, and patients.


RESUMO Introdução: Em 2004, o Ministério da Saúde estabeleceu que cada serviço de diálise deve ter no mínimo um nutricionista vinculado a ele. Porém, a regulamentação não incluiu recomendações em relação ao número de profissionais ou à carga horária de acordo com o número de pacientes assistidos. Objetivo: Conhecer o perfil e as práticas de nutricionistas que atuam em unidades de diálise brasileiras. Metodologia: O questionário eletrônico divulgado em mídias sociais e aplicativos de mensagens incluiu questões que abrangiam características do perfil demográfico e ocupacional do profissional e da unidade de diálise, além de perguntas relacionadas ao atendimento dos pacientes. Resultados: Foram recebidos eletronicamente 207 questionários, o equivalente a 24% das unidades de diálise brasileiras. Mais da metade dos nutricionistas (58%) atuava havia mais de cinco anos em unidades de diálise e 83% referiram formação complementar na área da Nefrologia. A mediana (interquartis) do número de pacientes por hora mensal de trabalho foi 1,6 (1,0-2,3). Considerando todas as unidades, o percentual de pacientes atendidos mensalmente foi correspondente a 64%. Diferenças no perfil e nas práticas foram encontradas de acordo com a carga horária, principal fonte financiadora da unidade de diálise e região demográfica brasileira. Conclusão: A maioria dos nutricionistas tem boa experiência e formação na área. Foi encontrada uma grande variabilidade em relação ao número de pacientes por carga horária do profissional e do percentual de indivíduos que recebiam atendimento nutricional mensal. São necessárias investigações que avaliem questões relacionadas tanto às demandas dos profissionais quanto às das unidades contratantes e dos pacientes.

6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 51(1)feb. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550799

ABSTRACT

La prestación de servicios para la atención integral de la salud requiere la participación de diversos profesionales con competencias específicas para brindar la mejor atención posible a la población. La inclusión del nutricionista en los diferentes niveles del sistema de salud es crucial para garantizar una atención integral en las diversas etapas de la vida. Una distribución inequitativa de nutricionistas en los niveles de atención puede conducir a una fragmentación de la atención y la pérdida de oportunidades para abordar los problemas relacionados con la alimentación y nutrición. Por ello, se desarrolló un estudio con el objetivo de describir la distribución de nutricionistas en los establecimientos de salud según el nivel de atención, y evaluar el cumplimiento de las recomendaciones de recursos humanos establecidas por la norma técnica de las UPSS de Nutrición y Dietética. Se desarrolló un estudio descriptivo y transversal, mediante el análisis de fuentes secundarias. Se utilizaron los datos de recursos humanos por IPRESS de SUSALUD, del año 2022. Se consideró la Norma técnica de UPSS de Nutrición y Dietética para evaluar el cumplimiento de las recomendaciones de recursos humanos. Entre los principales resultados, se identificó que el 7.93% de los establecimientos de salud del primer nivel de atención tienen al menos un nutricionista. En el segundo nivel de atención, el 96.35% de los establecimientos de salud no cumplen con las recomendaciones de recursos humanos de la norma técnica, y ningún establecimiento del tercer nivel de atención cumplió esta recomendación. La distribución de nutricionistas en los diversos niveles de atención del sistema de salud peruano es desigual. Es necesario mejorar la planificación de recursos humanos en el sistema de salud peruano para garantizar una atención integral de la salud a la población.


The provision of services for comprehensive healthcare requires the involvement of various professionals with specific competencies to provide the best possible care to the population. The inclusion of nutritionists at different levels of the healthcare system is crucial to ensure comprehensive care at various stages of life. An unequal distribution of nutritionists across healthcare levels can lead to fragmented care and missed opportunities to address nutrition-related issues. Therefore, a study was conducted with the aim of describing the distribution of nutritionists in healthcare facilities according to the level of care and evaluating compliance with the human resources recommendations established by the technical standard of Nutrition and Dietetics UPSS. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted using the analysis of secondary sources. Human resources data from SUSALUD for the year 2022 were used. The Technical Standard of UPSS of Nutrition and Dietetics was considered to assess compliance with human resources recommendations. Among the main findings, it was identified that 7.93% of first-level healthcare facilities have at least one nutritionist. In the second level of care, 96.35% of healthcare facilities do not comply with the human resources recommendations of the technical standard, and no third-level healthcare facility met this recommendation. The distribution of nutritionists across various levels of care in the Peruvian healthcare system is unequal. It is necessary to improve human resources planning in the Peruvian healthcare system to ensure comprehensive healthcare for the population..

7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 121(1): e20230376, jan. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533725

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A triagem do câncer é absolutamente necessária em pacientes com derrame pericárdico, pois o câncer é uma das doenças mais graves em sua etiologia. Estudos anteriores indicaram que o índice de inflamação imunológica sistêmica (IIS), o índice prognóstico nutricional (PNI) e o escore de hemoglobina, albumina, linfócitos e plaquetas (HALP) podem ser escores relacionados ao câncer. Objetivos: Este estudo foi iniciado considerando que esses sistemas de pontuação poderiam prever o câncer na etiologia de pacientes com derrame pericárdico. Métodos: Os pacientes submetidos à pericardiocentese entre 2006 e 2022 foram analisados retrospectivamente. A pericardiocentese foi realizada em um total de 283 pacientes com derrame pericárdico ou tamponamento cardíaco de moderado a grande no período especificado. Os índices de HALP, PNI e IIS foram calculados do sangue venoso periférico retirado antes do procedimento de pericardiocentese. O nível de significância estatística foi aceito em p<0,05. Resultados: O escore HALP foi de 0,173 (0,125-0,175) em pacientes com câncer. Detectou-se que em pacientes não oncológicos o escore foi de 0,32 (0,20-0,49; p<0,001). O escore de PNI foi de 33,1±5,6 em pacientes com câncer. Detectou-se que em pacientes não oncológicos o escore foi 39,8±4,8 (p<0,001). Conclusão: Os escores HALP e PNI são testes de triagem de câncer fáceis e rápidos que podem prever metástases de câncer na etiologia de pacientes com derrame pericárdico.


Abstract Background: Cancer screening is absolutely necessary in patients with pericardial effusion, given that cancer is one of the most serious diseases in the etiology of pericardial effusion. In previous studies, it was stated that the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII); the prognostic nutrition index (PNI); and the hemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, platelet (HALP) score can produce scores related to cancer. Objectives: This study began considering that these scoring systems could predict cancer in the etiology of patients with pericardial effusion. Methods: This study produced a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent pericardiocentesis between 2006 and 2022. Pericardiocentesis was performed in a total of 283 patients with moderate-to-large pericardial effusion or pericardial tamponade within the specified period. HALP, PNI, and SII scores were calculated according to the peripheral venous blood taken before the pericardiocentesis procedure. The statistical significance level was set at p<0.05. Results: The HALP score proved to be 0.173 (0.125-0.175) in cancer patients and 0.32 (0.20-0.49) in non-cancer patients (p<0.001). The PNI score proved to be 33.1±5.6 in cancer patients and 39.8±4.8 in non-cancer patients (p<0.001). Conclusion: The HALP score and PNI proved to be easy and fast cancer screening tests that can predict cancer metastasis in the etiology of patients with pericardial effusion.

8.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 42: e2023064, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529496

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the bone health of pediatric patients with short bowel syndrome intestinal failure (SBS-IF). Data source: An integrative literature review was performed using the data published in the MEDLINE-PubMed and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) databases between January 2010 and April 2021, and through a manual search of the reference lists of relevant studies. Studies were included if they assessed bone mineral density by the Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) technique, incorporated pediatric patients (up to 20 years of age) with SBS under parenteral nutrition (PN) and were written in English. Eleven primary sources met the inclusion criteria for this study. Data synthesis: Pediatric patients with SBS-IF under long-term parenteral nutrition experienced frequent changes in bone metabolism, leading to osteoporotic fractures and growth failure. These patients have deficiencies in multiple nutrients, such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and vitamin D. Consequently, there are variations in the secretion and regulation of the parathyroid hormone. In addition, the pharmacotechnical limitations related to calcium and phosphorus in the PN solution, use of glucocorticoids, and difficulty performing physical activity are risk factors for the development of metabolic bone disease in pediatric patients with SBS-IF. Conclusions: Low bone mineral density was associated with a high risk of developing osteoporosis, fractures, and growth deficiency in pediatric patients with SBS-IF on PN therapy in the long term.


Objetivo: Analisar a saúde óssea de pacientes pediátricos com síndrome do intestino curto — falência intestinal (SIC-FI). Fontes de dados: Revisão integrativa da literatura usando os dados publicados nas bases de dados Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online/ United States National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE/PubMed) e Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) entre janeiro de 2010 e abril de 2021 e por meio de busca manual nas listas de referências de estudos relevantes. Foram incluídos estudos em inglês que avaliaram a densidade mineral óssea pela técnica de absorciometria de raio X duplo (DXA), incluíram pacientes pediátricos (até 20 anos de idade) com SIC sob terpia nutricional parenteral. Onze fontes primárias preencheram os critérios de inclusão para este estudo. Síntese dos dados: A pesquisa revelou que pacientes pediátricos com SIC-FI sob nutrição parenteral (NP) de longo prazo tiveram alterações frequentes no metabolismo ósseo, levando a fraturas osteoporóticas e falha de crescimento. Esses pacientes apresentam deficiências de múltiplos nutrientes, como cálcio, magnésio, fósforo e vitamina D. Consequentemente, houve variações na secreção e regulação do hormônio da paratireoide. Além disso, as limitações farmacotécnicas relacionadas ao cálcio e fósforo na solução de NP, o uso de glicocorticoides e dificuldade para realizar atividade física são fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de doença óssea metabólica em pacientes pediátricos com SIC-FI. Conclusões: A baixa densidade mineral óssea foi associada a um alto risco de desenvolver osteoporose, fraturas e deficiência de crescimento em pacientes pediátricos com SIC-FI sob terapia nutricional parenteral em longo prazo.

9.
Mundo saúde (Impr.) ; 48: e15292023, 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527499

ABSTRACT

Dificuldade alimentar é todo problema que afeta negativamente o processo dos pais ou cuidadores de suprirem alimento ou nutrientes à criança. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar as dificuldades alimentares em pré-escolares de uma escola municipal de educação infantil de Uruguaiana/RS. O estudo foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa e realizado entre outubro e novembro de 2022. Foram convidadas a participar da pesquisa todos os pais ou responsáveis das crianças (n=70) que frequentavam a escola, na faixa etária de 4-5 anos. Todos receberam o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido, bem como o questionário de pesquisa. O instrumento utilizado foi a Escala Brasileira de Alimentação Infantil (EBAI), que possui 14 perguntas referentes à alimentação das crianças. Foi realizada estatística descritiva, em termos de frequência e realizada análise de variância (ANOVA) para comparações entre os sexos (p<0,05). Foram obtidas 31 respostas dos pais relativas à alimentação das crianças. Os dados revelaram que 9,68% (n=3) possuíam algum grau de dificuldade alimentar, sendo 3,33% (n=1) com grau severo e 6,45% (n=2) com grau moderado. As demais crianças (n=28) também apresentaram comportamentos relacionados às dificuldades alimentares, porém, sem pontuação suficiente para serem classificadas com dificuldade alimentar. Os comportamentos mais frequentemente descritos foram: o responsável usar distrações ou ir atrás da criança para que ela coma, tempo de a alimentação em torno de 31-60min ou mais, criança que nauseia, cospe ou vomita com algum tipo de alimento e a influência negativa da alimentação nas relações familiares. Desta forma, observou-se um baixo percentual de dificuldades alimentares na população estudada, de acordo com a literatura estudada.


Feeding difficulties are any problem that negatively affects the process of parents or caregivers providing food or nutrients to the child. The objective of this work was to investigate eating difficulties in preschool children at a municipal early childhood education school in Uruguaiana/RS. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee and carried out between October and November 2022. All parents or guardians of children (n=70) who attended school, aged 4-5 years, were invited to participate in the research. Everyone received the Free and Informed Consent Form, as well as the research questionnaire. The instrument used was the Brazilian Infant Feeding Scale (EBAI), which has 14 questions regarding children's nutrition. Descriptive statistics were performed in terms of frequency and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed for comparisons between sexes (p<0.05). 31 responses were obtained from parents regarding children's nutrition. The data revealed that 9.68% (n=3) had some degree of feeding difficulty, 3.33% (n=1) with a severe degree and 6.45% (n=2) with a moderate degree. The remaining children (n=28) also presented behaviors related to feeding difficulties, however, without enough scores to be classified as having feeding difficulties. The most frequently described behaviors were: the caregiver using distractions or going after the child to make them eat, feeding time around 31-60 minutes or more, child who nauseates, spits or vomits with some type of food and the negative influence of food in family relationships. Thus, a low percentage of feeding difficulties was observed in the studied population, in accordance with the literature studied.

10.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 40(2): e00201922, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550193

ABSTRACT

Abstract In Brazil, current information about breastfeeding indicators among indigenous living in the urban areas is lacking. This article describes the duration of exclusive breastfeeding and its associations with mother and child characteristics in a cohort of Terena infants. The study enrolled infants born between June 2017 to July 2018 (n = 42) and living in villages of the urban area of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Information was collected in four time-points. Variables on maternal sociodemographics and on maternal and child health characteristics were collected, respectively, during the antenatal and the first-month interviews. Variables on breastfeeding practices and bottle use were collected during the first-, six- and 12-month interviews. Associations were examined using Wilcoxon, Kruskal-Wallis, Pearson's chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding duration to the ages of three and six months were, respectively, 50% and 11.9%. Compared to infants never introduced to bottles during the first three months of life, those bottle-fed had lower median duration of exclusive breastfeeding (15 versus 150 days) and lower prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding duration to the age of three months (22.7% versus 80%). Most Terena infants fell short of meeting the international recommended duration of exclusive breastfeeding until six months of age and suggested the negative impact of bottle use in the duration of exclusive breastfeeding.


Resumo No Brasil, não há informações atuais sobre indicadores de aleitamento materno entre indígenas residentes em áreas urbanas. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a duração do aleitamento materno exclusivo e suas associações com características maternas e infantis em uma coorte de lactentes Terena. O estudo incluiu crianças nascidas de junho de 2017 a julho de 2018 (n = 42) e residentes em povoados da zona urbana de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. As informações foram coletadas em quatro momentos. Variáveis sociodemográficas maternas e características de saúde materno-infantil foram coletadas durante o pré-natal e o primeiro mês de entrevistas, respectivamente. As variáveis sobre práticas de amamentação e uso de mamadeira foram coletadas durante as entrevistas realizadas no primeiro mês, seis meses e 12 meses. As associações foram examinadas pelos testes de Wilcoxon, Kruskal-Wallis, qui-quadrado de Pearson e exato de Fisher. As prevalências de duração do aleitamento materno exclusivo até os três e seis meses de idade foram, respectivamente, de 50% e 11,9%. Em relação aos bebês que nunca foram introduzidos à mamadeira durante os três primeiros meses de vida, aqueles que usaram mamadeira tiveram menor duração média de amamentação exclusiva (15 versus 150 dias) e menor prevalência de duração de amamentação exclusiva até os três meses de idade (22,7% versus 80%). A maioria dos lactentes Terena não atingiu a duração recomendada internacionalmente para o aleitamento materno exclusivo até os seis meses, sugerindo um impacto negativo do uso da mamadeira na duração do aleitamento materno exclusivo.


Resumen En Brasil no existe información actual sobre los indicadores de lactancia materna entre los indígenas que viven en áreas urbanas. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la duración de la lactancia materna exclusiva y sus asociaciones con las características maternas e infantiles en una cohorte de lactantes Terena. Este estudio incluyó a niños nacidos entre junio de 2017 y julio de 2018 (n = 42) y que vivían en aldeas del área urbana de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. La información se recopiló en cuatro momentos. Las variables sociodemográficas maternas y las características de salud materno-infantil durante la atención prenatal y el primer mes de entrevistas, respectivamente, se recogieron para este estudio. Las variables sobre prácticas de lactancia materna y alimentación con biberón fueron recolectadas de las entrevistas realizadas en el primer mes, seis meses y 12 meses. Las asociaciones pasaron por las pruebas de Wilcoxon, de Kruskal-Wallis, el chi-cuadrado de Pearson y la prueba exacta de Fisher. La prevalencia de duración de la lactancia materna exclusiva fue del 50% hasta los tres meses de edad y del 11,9% hasta los seis meses. En comparación con los bebés que no utilizaron biberón durante los primeros tres meses de vida, los que usaron biberón tuvieron una duración promedio más corta de lactancia materna exclusiva (15 versus 150 días) y una menor prevalencia de lactancia materna exclusiva hasta los tres meses de edad (22,7% versus 80%). La mayoría de los bebés Terena no alcanzaron la duración recomendada internacionalmente para la lactancia materna exclusiva hasta los seis meses, lo que sugiere un impacto negativo de la alimentación con biberón en la duración de la lactancia materna exclusiva.

11.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 33: e2023556, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550251

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the agreement between complementary feeding indicators established by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health (MOH) and to compare the prevalence of these indicators in the first year of a child's life. Methods : This was a cross-sectional study in a cohort of 286 children from Vitória da Conquista, state of Bahia, Brazil; agreement between indicators and comparison between prevalences were analyzed using the Kappa coefficient and McNemar's test; the prevalence of the indicators "introduction of complementary feeding" (ICF), "minimum dietary diversity" (MDD), "minimum meal frequency" (MMF) and "minimum acceptable diet" (MAD) were calculated. Results : Three indicators showed poor agreement, with only one demonstrating moderate agreement; prevalence of WHO indicators was higher than that of the MOH (ICF, 94.3% vs. 20.7%; MDD, 75.2% vs. 50.7%; MMF, 97.2% vs. 44.8%; MAD, 96.8% vs. 26.9%). Conclusion The majority of indicators showed poor agreement and the prevalence of WHO indicators exceeded that of the Ministry of Health.


RESUMEN Objetivo evaluar la concordancia entre indicadores de alimentación complementaria definidos por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y el Ministerio de Salud (MS), y comparar la prevalencia entre estos indicadores en niños de un año. Métodos estudio transversal en una cohorte de 286 niños de Vitória da Conquista, Bahía, Brasil; se calculó la prevalencia de "introducción de alimentos complementarios" (IAC), "diversidad dietética mínima" (DMD), "frecuencia mínima de comidas" (FMR) y "dieta mínima aceptable" (DMA); para evaluar la concordancia y comparar prevalencias se utilizó el índice Kappa y la prueba de McNemar. Resultados cuatro indicadores mostraron un acuerdo pobre y sólo uno moderado; las prevalencias fueron mayores según la definición de la OMS (IAC, 94,3% vs 20,7%; DMD, 75,2% vs 50,7%; FMR, 97,2% vs 44,8%; DMA, 96,8% vs 26,9%). Conclusión la mayoría de las concordancias entre los indicadores fueron deficientes, con prevalencias más altas según las definiciones de la OMS.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a concordância entre indicadores de alimentação complementar da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) e do Ministério da Saúde (MS) e comparar as prevalências entre esses indicadores em crianças no primeiro ano de vida. Métodos Estudo transversal em uma coorte de 286 crianças de Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, Brasil; a concordância entre indicadores e a comparação entre prevalências foram analisadas pelo índice Kappa e teste de McNemar; foram calculadas as prevalências dos indicadores "introdução de alimentos complementares" (IAC), "diversidade mínima da dieta" (DMD), "frequência mínima de refeição" (FMR) e "dieta minimamente aceitável" (DMA). Resultados Três indicadores apresentaram concordância ruim, e apenas um moderada; as prevalências dos indicadores da OMS foram superiores às do MS (IAC, 94,3% versus 20,7%; DMD, 75,2% versus 50,7%; FMR, 97,2% versus 44,8%; DMA, 96,8% versus 26,9%). Conclusão A maioria dos indicadores tiveram concordância ruim e as prevalências de indicadores da OMS superaram as do MS.

12.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 48: e16, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551029

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We estimated trends in the prevalence of obesity and overweight among Chilean primary and secondary students before and after Chile's 2016 regulations on the marketing and availability of foods high in energy, total sugars, sodium, or saturated fat. We used data from Chile's Survey of Nutrition, which measured the body mass index (BMI) of students in government-funded schools. Using BMI thresholds defined by the World Health Organization, we calculated the prevalence of overweight and obesity for each year from 2013 to 2019 among students attending pre-kindergarten (age 4 years), kindergarten (age 5 years), first grade (6 years), and ninth grade (14 years). In ninth grade students, overweight and obesity prevalence rose by 2 percentage points over the 3 years after introduction of the 2016 regulations. In pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, and first grade, overweight and obesity fell 1 to 3 percentage points 1 year after the regulations were introduced, but rebounded to previous levels the next year. Chile's food regulations were not followed by a sustained decline in obesity in primary- and secondary-school students. Future research should examine whether and how children in Chile and other countries maintain high levels of overweight and obesity despite food regulations designed to reduce consumption of obesogenic foods and beverages.


RESUMEN Se estimaron las tendencias en la prevalencia de la obesidad y el sobrepeso en estudiantes chilenos de educación primaria y secundaria, antes y después de las regulaciones introducidas en Chile en el 2016 sobre la comercialización y disponibilidad de productos hipercalóricos, con un alto contenido de azúcares, sodio o grasas saturadas. Se utilizaron datos del Mapa Nutricional de Chile, una encuesta en la que se midió el índice de masa corporal (IMC) de la población estudiantil de las escuelas públicas. Tomando los umbrales de IMC definidos por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, se calculó la prevalencia del sobrepeso y la obesidad para cada año entre el 2013 y el 2019 en estudiantes de jardín de infancia (4 años), preescolar (5 años), primer grado (6 años) y noveno grado (14 años). En los estudiantes de noveno grado, la prevalencia del sobrepeso y la obesidad aumentó en 2 puntos porcentuales durante los 3 años posteriores a la introducción de las regulaciones del 2016. En el caso de los grupos de jardín de infancia, preescolar y primer grado, el sobrepeso y la obesidad disminuyeron entre 1 y 3 puntos porcentuales un año después de la introducción de las regulaciones, pero al año siguiente volvieron a los niveles anteriores. La introducción de las regulaciones alimentarias de Chile no estuvo seguida de una disminución continua de la obesidad en la población estudiantil de primaria y secundaria. En las investigaciones futuras se deberá examinar si la población infantil de Chile y otros países mantiene niveles altos de sobrepeso y obesidad a pesar de las regulaciones alimentarias diseñadas para reducir el consumo de productos y bebidas obesogénicos, así como las características específicas que adopta este problema de salud.


RESUMO Foram estimadas tendências de prevalência da obesidade e do sobrepeso em alunos chilenos do ensino fundamental e médio antes e depois da regulamentação de 2016 da propaganda e disponibilidade de alimentos com alto teor calórico ou ricos em açúcares totais, sódio ou gorduras saturadas no Chile. Foram utilizados dados obtidos da Pesquisa em Nutrição do Chile, que aferiu o índice de massa corporal (IMC) de escolares da rede pública. Com base nos limiares de IMC definidos pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), calculou-se a prevalência anual de sobrepeso e obesidade em crianças na pré-escola (4 anos), no jardim da infância (5 anos), no primeiro ano (6 anos) e no nono ano (14 anos) em cada ano no período entre 2013 e 2019. Entre os alunos do nono ano, a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade aumentou 2 pontos percentuais nos 3 anos que se seguiram à introdução da regulamentação de 2016. Entre os alunos da pré-escola, do jardim de infância e do primeiro ano, ocorreu uma redução de 1 a 3 pontos percentuais na prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade um ano após a introdução da regulamentação, mas os níveis voltaram a subir no ano seguinte. A regulamentação de alimentos não resultou em um declínio sustentado da obesidade nos alunos do ensino fundamental e médio do Chile. Pesquisas futuras devem ser realizadas para avaliar se, e como, a prevalência de sobrepeso e obesidade nas crianças chilenas e de outros países se mantém alta a despeito da regulamentação de alimentos visando à redução do consumo de alimentos e bebidas obesogênicos.

13.
Serv. soc. soc ; 147(2): e, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551070

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O artigo objetivou descrever a execução do Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE) durante a pandemia da covid-19 com base em estudos publicados no período de 2020 a 2023 através de uma revisão integrativa. Naquele momento, a PNAE foi relevante, assumindo a garantia da Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional (SAN) dos alunos beneficiários e apontou para a necessidade de um maior investimento por parte do governo federal brasileiro.


Abstract: The article aimed to describe the execution of the National School Meal Program (PNAE) during the covid-19 pandemic based on studies published from 2020 to 2023 through an integrative review. During the pandemic, PNAE was relevant, guaranteeing the Food and Nutritional Security (SAN) of student beneficiaries and pointing to the need for greater investment by the Brazilian federal government.

14.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 19: 77502, 2024. ^eilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532684

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A pandemia de Covid-19 implicou mudanças significativas no funcionamento e nas demandas da Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS), impactando na organização do trabalho e dos cuidados às pessoas com obesidade e outras doenças crônicas. Objetivo: Descrever os desafios e estratégias para o cuidado às pessoas com obesidade no contexto da sindemia de COVID-19 na perspectiva dos profissionais da APS. Métodos: Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com trabalhadores de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde (UBS) no município do Rio de Janeiro. Resultados: Desde os primeiros casos de Covid-19, a organização do trabalho na UBS foi modificada pelas recomendações de distanciamento social, pelo medo de contágio e a sobrecarga dos trabalhadores. Atendimentos de rotina, assim como atividades coletivas, incluído o cuidado às pessoas com obesidade, foram interrompidos. No entanto, a identificação da obesidade como fator de risco para agravamento da Covid-19 desdobrou-se em priorização no que tange ao monitoramento e à vacinação. Conclusão: A retomada das rotinas nas UBSs aponta grandes desafios no cuidado às pessoas com obesidade, repercutindo na precarização das condições de vida da população e prejudicando a organização do trabalho na APS.


Introduction: The Covid-19 pandemic has implied significant changes in the operation and demands of Primary Health Care (PHC), impacting the organization of work and care for people with obesity and other chronic diseases. Objective: To describe the challenges and strategies for the care of people with obesity in the context of the COVID-19 syndemic from the perspective of PHC providers. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with workers from a Basic Health Unit (BHU) in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Results: Since the first cases of Covid-19, the work organization at the BHU has been modified by the recommendations of social distancing, fear of contagion, and worker overload. Routine care, as well as collective activities, including care for people with obesity, were interrupted. However, the identification of obesity as a risk factor for worsening Covid-19 has been prioritized with regard to monitoring and vaccination. Conclusion: The resumption of the routines in the BHUs points to major challenges in the care of people with obesity, affecting the precarious living conditions of the population and impairing the organization of work in PHC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Attitude of Health Personnel , Health Centers , COVID-19 , Working Conditions , Obesity , Brazil , Mental Health , Barriers to Access of Health Services , Food Insecurity , Income
15.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 19: 74491, 2024. ^etab, ^eilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552784

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A influência do consumo de composto lácteo na nutrição de crianças em primeira infância ainda é desconhecida, apesar de o produto movimentar um mercado multimilionário. Objetivo: Avaliar a composição nutricional do composto lácteo e a influência de seu consumo sobre as necessidades diárias de macronutrientes e energia de crianças pequenas. Métodos: A pesquisa foi dividida em três partes, sendo: a) avaliação da composição nutricional e ingredientes; b) comparação do composto lácteo brasileiro com uma proposta de padronização; c) cálculo de inadequação nutricional e influência do consumo de composto lácteo em crianças pequenas. Resultados: Foi possível categorizar o produto em três subgrupos, de acordo com os ingredientes, sendo: grupo 1 (soro de leite, açúcar e gordura vegetal), grupo 2 (adição de vitaminas e minerais) e grupo 3 (ampla lista de ingredientes, sem adição de açúcares e adição de bioativos). De forma geral, o composto lácteo tem como características: excesso de proteínas e açúcares de adição, predominância de gorduras saturadas, além de aditivos químicos. Em comparação com a proposta de composição ideal, o composto lácteo brasileiro excede todos os nutrientes analisados e, por fim, o consumo de dois copos de 200mL de composto lácteo por dia corresponde a 100% das necessidades diárias de proteína, sendo as crianças de 0 a 11 meses as mais prejudicadas. Conclusão: Independentemente do subgrupo e do ingrediente, o produto tem impacto negativo na saúde infantil, e quanto menor a idade de introdução, maior o impacto na saúde, podendo levar ao desenvolvimento de sobrepeso e obesidade.


Introduction: The influence of consuming growing-up milk on the nutrition of infants is still unknown, despite the product driving a multimillion-dollar market. Objective: To evaluate the nutritional composition of the growing-up milk and the influence of its consumption on the daily macronutrient and energy needs of young children. Methods: The research was divided into three parts, namely: a) evaluation of nutritional composition and ingredients; b) comparison of the Brazilian growing-up milk with a proposed standardization; c) calculation of nutritional inadequacy and the influence of growing-up milk consumption in young children. Results: It was possible to categorize the product into three subgroups based on ingredients, namely: group 1 (whey, sugar, and vegetable fat), group 2 (added vitamins and minerals), and group 3 (a wide range of ingredients, no added sugars, and addition of bioactives). Overall, the growing-up milk is characterized by excess protein and added sugars, a predominance of saturated fats, and the presence of chemical additives. Compared to the proposed ideal composition, the Brazilian growing-up milk exceeds all analyzed nutrients. Finally, consuming two 200mL glasses of growing-up milk per day corresponds to 100% of daily protein needs, with children aged 0 to 11 months being the most affected. Conclusion: Regardless of the subgroup and ingredient, the product has a negative impact on children's health, and the younger the age of introduction, the greater the impact on health, potentially leading to the development of overweight and obesity.


Subject(s)
Breast-Milk Substitutes , Child Nutrition , Food, Processed , Infant Food , Brazil , Child Health , Pediatric Obesity
16.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 69-79, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006818

ABSTRACT

Background@#The 2019 Expanded National Nutrition Survey results showed that the contribution of fruits and vegetables (FV) in the one-day food intake of adolescents only accounted for 2.6% and 5.9%, respectively. Numerous literatures also stated that insufficient intake of FV is associated with the development of most non-communicable diseases. @*Objectives@#This study was undertaken to compare the knowledge and consumption of FV between selected respondents from public and private SHS in Imus City.@*Methods@#The study used a descriptive research design, and convenience sampling was done to gather respondents. A self-administered questionnaire was developed and the level of knowledge on FV was classified into low, fair, and good. In the evaluation of FV amount consumption, the Daily Nutrition Guide Pyramid for Teens was used. The data were reported in mean, mode, and percentages.@*Results@#More public SHS (49%) obtained a good level of knowledge on nutrient contents of FV, and consumed fruits (61%) more than the recommended daily serving. While more private SHS (96%) had a good level of knowledge of its health benefits but consumed vegetables (67%) less than the recommended daily serving. Their most consumed vegetables were dahon ng sili and garlic. The most consumed fruits were Indian mango and pear. Squash (47%) was the most liked vegetable by both groups. The majority of public SHS identified banana (37%) as their most liked fruit while it was mango (22%) for the majority of private SHS. Public SHS respondents were also recorded to have a lower average estimated family expenditure on FV.@*Conclusion@#The study concluded that both public and private SHS do not consume adequate amounts of FV despite their good level of knowledge of its nutrients and health benefits.


Subject(s)
Knowledge , Economics , Fruit , Vegetables
17.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-9, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006809

ABSTRACT

Background@#In the Philippines, the prevalence of food insecurity increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, affecting the nutritional status of communities nationwide. Urban areas in particular are vulnerable to the harmful effects of food insecurity, and the effects are extended and magnified when it comes to children.@*Objectives@#This study aims to evaluate the coping strategies of households with children aged 0-10 years old in an urban poor community in Quezon City. In particular, the study will determine Coping Strategies Index (CSI) scores and the frequency of specific coping strategies used.@*Methods@#A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the coping strategies of 405 households with children in the community during the pandemic. Mothers or caregivers were given a survey inquiring about the sociodemographic data and CSI.@*Results@#Sociodemographic profiling showed that the households generally belonged to class D and E (PhP 15,000 and below) income households (73.8%). The majority of the household heads (52.6%) have their highest educational attainment at the high school level. The majority (77.5%) of the households were categorized as having low CSI classification (90%CI: 73.9, 80.8). This could indicate that relief operations conducted in the community may have helped ease their food insecurity. Coping strategies that were most frequently employed by the households were depending on less preferred or more affordable food (74.8%), rationing money for prepared food (69.1%), and purchasing food on credit (58.5%).@*Conclusion@#Low CSI classification was noted, which may be due to increased adaptation to persistent food insecurity and the utilization of coping strategies not indicated in the questionnaire. Common coping strategies used by households include reliance on less favored or less costly food items, rationing resources for prepared food, and food on credit. It is recommended that the results collected be used to target food availability and accessibility interventions in the community.


Subject(s)
Food Insecurity , Adaptation, Psychological
18.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 1-6, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005894

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of paternal pre-conceptional n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) on telomere length (TL) in the offspring. Methods Three to four-week old male C57 BL/6J mice (Father) were randomly divided into three groups and fed either an n-3 PUFA-deficient (n-3 D) (n-6:n-3 PUFA ratio = 47.2:1) diet, a diet with normal n-3 PUFA content (n-3 N) (n-6:n-3 PUFA ratio = 4.3:1), or a diet with high n-3 PUFA content (n-3 H) (n-6:n-3 ratio = 1.5:1), for 12 weeks. Then, the offspring were generated by mating the father mice with 12-week-old virgin female C57 BL/6J mice. The TL, mRNA expression of telomere transcriptase and binding proteins, as well as DNA methylation in the TERT promoter region were determined in adult offspring mice. Results Compared to n-3 N diet, paternal feeding with n-3 D diet during preconception decreased offspring TL in the peripheral blood cells, liver, adipose tissue and brain, accompanied by upregulated hepatic mRNA expression of TIN2 in the female, and downregulated hepatic expression of TERC, and binding proteins TRF2 and POT1a in the male. Meanwhile, paternal n-3 D diet shortened testis TL in offspring instead of themselves, with altered mRNA expression of TERT and binding proteins TRF1, TRF2 and POT1a. Paternal n-3 H diet showed no differences in effects on offspring TL and expressions of TERC and binding proteins with n-3 N diet, but normalized the alterations in associated parameters resulted from paternal n-3 D diet. In addition, although paternal n-3 D or n-3 H diet did not affect testis TL in themselves compared to n-3 N diet, fathers fed n-3 H diet had longer testis TL and higher expression of TRF1, TRF2, POT1a and RAP1 than those fed n-3 D diet. Finally, the DNA methylation fraction in the TERT promoter in offspring testes and male offspring liver was no difference between paternal n-3 D and n-3 N diet groups. CpG sites with altered methylation were less (1 site) between paternal n-3 H and n-3 N diet groups than those (5 sites) between paternal n-3 H and n-3 D diet groups in male offspring liver and testes. Conclusion Maintaining paternal optimal n-3 PUFA status in pre-conception increases offspring TL, probably mediated by inheritance from increased TL in father and regulation on expressions of telomere transcriptase and binding proteins in the offspring, which may be helpful for promoting offspring development and disease prevention in adulthood.

19.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 71-74, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016416

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the impact of system reform of salt industry on iodine nutrition of people in Gansu Province, and to provide a scientific basis for policy adjustment of relevant departments. Methods The investigation period (2014-2021) was divided into two sub-periods: before system reform of salt industry (2014-2016) and after system reform of salt industry (2017-2021). Thirty counties were selected according to the method of “population proportional probability sampling (PPS)” in 2014. According to the iodine deficiency disease monitoring program of Gansu Province, from 2016 to 2021, children aged 8-10 years and pregnant women were taken as research objects to collect urine samples for urine iodine detection. Children in 2014 and 2018 were selected to measure thyroid volume. Results A total of 90 989 children urine iodine samples were investigated, and the median urinary iodine (MUI) of children was 194.70µg/L; 7 663 and 83,326 children's urinary iodine samples were investigated in the two periods, the MUI was 180.73 µg/L and 196.00 µg/L, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). A total of 44 741 pregnant women's urinary iodine samples were investigated, and the MUI of pregnant women was 176.50 µg/L; 4 480 and 40 261 pregnant women's urinary iodine samples were investigated in the two periods, the MUI was 160.61 µg/L and 178.10 µg/L, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The thyroid volume of 1 555 children and 8 509 children was investigated in the two periods, the median thyroid volume was 2.70 mL and 2.55 mL , respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The rates of goiter in children were 3.15% and 1.26%, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The iodine nutrition of people in Gansu Province has not fluctuated significantly after the reform of salt industry system and has maintained an appropriate level. It is necessary to pay attention to the potential risk of insufficient iodine nutrition level and thyroid health of key populations such as children and pregnant women and strengthen health education of scientific iodine supplementation.

20.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 40-51, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012800

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective@#The Nutrition Care Process (NCP) is a systematic method used by dietitians to provide high-quality nutrition care resulting in good patient outcomes. This study aimed to assess the NCP implementation and use of NCP Terminologies (NCPT) among hospital dietitians in the Philippines. Specifically, the study aimed at assessing the knowledge, perception, and practices on NCP and use of NCPT and correlate them with the dietitians' education, and professional and employment profile; and explain the barriers and facilitators of the practice of NCP and use of NCPT among hospital dietitians in the Philippines. @*Methods@#The knowledge, perception, and practices (KPP) on NCP and NCPT of the dietitians employed in the Philippine Department of Health’s licensed level 3 hospitals were determined using a validated questionnaire. Significant factors associated with the KPP were also determined. The barriers and facilitators of the practice of NCP and NCPT were determined using focus group discussion and key informant interviews of chief clinical dietitians and hospital administrators, respectively. @*Results@#The study revealed that majority of the participants had a high level of knowledge on NCP and NCPT, positively perceived its implementation, and more than half of them implement NCP and NCPT in the hospitals. The participants’ knowledge on NCP and NCPT was significantly associated with research involvement and active membership in a professional organization. While the practice of NCP and NCPT was significantly associated with having NCP-related trainings, frequency of trainings, and active membership in a professional organization. The barriers to NCP implementation were insufficient resources; lack of orientation, trainings, and support; organizational and administrative constraints; pandemic constraints; insufficient time; and lack of confidence to conduct NCP. While the facilitators of implementation were collaboration, dedication, and commitment of the healthcare team; institutionalization of NCP laws and policies; budget allocation for NCP-related activities; monitoring and consistency of NCP implementation; and work schedule. @*Conclusion@#The findings suggest that the implementation of NCP and NCPT in the Philippines needs further support from the institution, professional organizations, and policy makers by developing strategies to cope with the barriers, and strengthen the facilitators and factors associated with practice.


Subject(s)
Nutritionists , Surveys and Questionnaires
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